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Study sets matching "sociology 302 stratification"

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Study sets matching "sociology 302 stratification"

27 terms
Sociology: Stratification
social stratification
social mobility
meritocracy
ideology
a system by which a society ranks people in a hierarchy
a change in position within a social hierarchy
social stratification based on personal merit. A rough measur…
cultrual belief that justifies particular social arrangments,…
social stratification
a system by which a society ranks people in a hierarchy
social mobility
a change in position within a social hierarchy
65 terms
Sociology: stratification
Social stratification
Social stratification is like a ....
Def. is social strat. ->
4 basic principles of stratification
A system by which a society ranks individuals or categories o…
Hierarchy
Inequality
1.) a trait of society, not just individual differences... 2.) s…
Social stratification
A system by which a society ranks individuals or categories o…
Social stratification is like a ....
Hierarchy
21 terms
sociology - stratification
working class
conflict theory
poverty level
underclass
blue collar labor with high school degree; 30% of the populat…
Karl Marx; there are limited amount of resources in society t…
standard set by the U.S. government
people on the lowest rung of the social ladder and have littl…
working class
blue collar labor with high school degree; 30% of the populat…
conflict theory
Karl Marx; there are limited amount of resources in society t…
73 terms
Sociology: Stratification
Hierarchy
Open caste system
Closed case system
Mixed Stratification
Any social system on rank and reward... Macro
based on achievement and meritocracy... the idea that people wil…
India and South Africa
UK and Japan
Hierarchy
Any social system on rank and reward... Macro
Open caste system
based on achievement and meritocracy... the idea that people wil…
17 terms
Sociology: Stratification
Stratification
Stratification
Forms of Stratification
Caste system
Systematic inequalities between groups of people that arise a…
Groups at the top of hierarchy have greater access to goods a…
Caste system, Class system, Elite-mass dichotomy
Religion based system of stratification characterized by no s…
Stratification
Systematic inequalities between groups of people that arise a…
Stratification
Groups at the top of hierarchy have greater access to goods a…
8 terms
SOCIOLOGY - Stratification
Intoduction.
Marxism, Key Features
Marxism, Strengths
Marxism, Weaknesses
The dividing of society according to a particular criteria -…
Society is stratified according to the relations of productio…
Explains how inequality can cause conflict and unrest with in…
Educationalists show that schools are meritocratic- a lot of…
Intoduction.
The dividing of society according to a particular criteria -…
Marxism, Key Features
Society is stratified according to the relations of productio…
14 terms
Sociology - Stratification
4 basic principles of stratification
Blue collar
White collar
occupational prestige
1. Is a trait of society, not a reflection of indiv differenc…
member of the working class who performs manual labor and ear…
Crime committed by people of high social position in the cour…
A prestige score assigned to a list of common occupations
4 basic principles of stratification
1. Is a trait of society, not a reflection of indiv differenc…
Blue collar
member of the working class who performs manual labor and ear…
17 terms
Sociology stratification
Upper upper class
Lower upper class
Upper middle
Middle middle
Heritage-family
Achievement
Lot of money, few struggles
Lower small struggle
Upper upper class
Heritage-family
Lower upper class
Achievement
27 terms
Sociology Stratification
Social
Physician
Exogamy
Mobility
(blank) class is a grouping of people with similar wealth, po…
Highest ranked occupation based on prestige rankings
Traditionally forbidden marriage outside one's own social cat…
Movement between social classes/strata is your social (blank)
Social
(blank) class is a grouping of people with similar wealth, po…
Physician
Highest ranked occupation based on prestige rankings
23 terms
STRATIFICATION - SOCIOLOGY
stratification
prestige
wealth and income
power
layering of society into social classes
the amount of respect the community gives an individual
unevenly distributed
power elite/governing class
stratification
layering of society into social classes
prestige
the amount of respect the community gives an individual
42 terms
Sociology Stratification
absolute (abject) poverty
relative poverty
single mother effect
feminization of poverty
exists when people do not have the means to secure the most b…
exists when people may be able to afford basic necessities bu…
living in a single mother household puts you at greater risk…
refers to the trend in which women are disproportionately rep…
absolute (abject) poverty
exists when people do not have the means to secure the most b…
relative poverty
exists when people may be able to afford basic necessities bu…
16 terms
Sociology - Stratification
class system
proletariat
bourgeoisie
contradictory class locations
an economically based hierarchical system characterized by co…
the working class
the capitalist class
the idea that people can occupy locations in the class struct…
class system
an economically based hierarchical system characterized by co…
proletariat
the working class
20 terms
SOCIOLOGY-STRATIFICATION
Social Stratification
Caste System
Class System
Four Basic Principles
The layering of people according to access to societal resour…
(Agrarian society stratification is mainly based on the caste…
(Industrial society stratification is based mostly on the cla…
1. Stratification is a characteristic of society and not just…
Social Stratification
The layering of people according to access to societal resour…
Caste System
(Agrarian society stratification is mainly based on the caste…
18 terms
Stratification Sociology
Social Mobility
Upward mobility
Downward mobility
Blame the system
The movement of different class positions as a result of chan…
ex: promotion to a higher rank
ex: getting fired, demotion
where the blame is placed on the whole "system" rather than o…
Social Mobility
The movement of different class positions as a result of chan…
Upward mobility
ex: promotion to a higher rank
27 terms
Sociology: Stratification
social stratification
social mobility
meritocracy
ideology
a system by which a society ranks people in a hierarchy
a change in position within a social hierarchy
social stratification based on personal merit. A rough measur…
cultrual belief that justifies particular social arrangments,…
social stratification
a system by which a society ranks people in a hierarchy
social mobility
a change in position within a social hierarchy
Sociology (Stratification)
Statuses that are the result of indivi…
Statuses that are based on social valu…
A closed system of social inequality o…
The relatively stable division of soci…
Achieved statuses
Ascribed statuses
Caste system
Class structure
Statuses that are the result of indivi…
Achieved statuses
Statuses that are based on social valu…
Ascribed statuses
23 terms
Stratification sociology
Closed stratification system
Digital divide
Horizontal mobility
Income
Institutions and ideas that permit the distribution of presti…
Lack of access to the latest technology among low income groups
Movement of an individual from one social position to another…
Salaries and wages
Closed stratification system
Institutions and ideas that permit the distribution of presti…
Digital divide
Lack of access to the latest technology among low income groups
39 terms
Sociology: Stratification
Three Dimensions of Social Stratificat…
Prestige
Power
Power and prestige has to be what?
Economics, prestige, and power
recognition, respect, and admiration attached to social posit…
the ability to control others, even against their will
Awarded to you by others
Three Dimensions of Social Stratificat…
Economics, prestige, and power
Prestige
recognition, respect, and admiration attached to social posit…
24 terms
Sociology Stratification
Achieved Statuses
Ascribed Statuses
Case System
Class Structure
Statuses that are the results of individual efforts and accom…
Statuses that are based on social valuations of factors beyon…
A closed system of social inequality in which status is deter…
The relatively stable division of society into groups with sh…
Achieved Statuses
Statuses that are the results of individual efforts and accom…
Ascribed Statuses
Statuses that are based on social valuations of factors beyon…
24 terms
Stratification- Sociology
Three Systems of Stratification
Estate
Caste
Class
Estate, Class, Caste
Elite owns property and has control over resources
Rigid Hierarchy based on birth... - Each caste has it own occupa…
Status is partially achieved (meritocracy), there is some pot…
Three Systems of Stratification
Estate, Class, Caste
Estate
Elite owns property and has control over resources
91 terms
Sociology-Stratification
Stratification
Impact of stratification
Examples of stratification
Caste
a system in which nations or people within a nation are ranke…
the extent to which individuals have access to important reso…
slavery, caste system, class system
a lifelong status determined by birth based on parents ascrib…
Stratification
a system in which nations or people within a nation are ranke…
Impact of stratification
the extent to which individuals have access to important reso…
41 terms
Sociology: Stratification
social contract
social class
Karl Marx thought
social stratification
the many relationships that link the indv to the society as a…
a large group of people who rank close to one another in prop…
two classes: capitalists, proletariat
the division of large numbers of people in layers according t…
social contract
the many relationships that link the indv to the society as a…
social class
a large group of people who rank close to one another in prop…
21 terms
Sociology: Stratification
stratification
social mobility
structural social mobility
davis moore theory
a system by which a society ranks categories of people in a h…
change in ones position in the social hierarchy
a shift in the social position of large numbers of people due…
stratification has benefits to society
stratification
a system by which a society ranks categories of people in a h…
social mobility
change in ones position in the social hierarchy
23 terms
Sociology Stratification
stratification
caste system
estate system
class system
people are evaluated on the basis of some characteristic and…
one's rank is determined at birth; one's position is based on…
a person's place in the hierarchy is determined at birth. con…
it is commonly thought that the best people work their own wa…
stratification
people are evaluated on the basis of some characteristic and…
caste system
one's rank is determined at birth; one's position is based on…
20 terms
Sociology Stratification
Working Class
Conflict Theory
Poverty Law
Religion
Blue collar labor with a high school degree. 30% of the popul…
Karl Marx is credited with this theory which claims that ther…
A standard set by the U.S. government.
The foundation of the caste system in India.
Working Class
Blue collar labor with a high school degree. 30% of the popul…
Conflict Theory
Karl Marx is credited with this theory which claims that ther…
21 terms
Sociology exam 2 Stratification
The concept of "stratification"
sociologist questions about stratifica…
sociological view of stratification
Davis and Moore's functionalist theory…
Stratification: socially constructed distinctions between the…
What myths about inequality exist? ... How do ideologies work to…
1. Individual attributes cannot in themselves explain stratif…
Davis and Moore's theory of stratification:... Background :... rus…
The concept of "stratification"
Stratification: socially constructed distinctions between the…
sociologist questions about stratifica…
What myths about inequality exist? ... How do ideologies work to…
47 terms
Sociology: Stratification
The division of large numbers of peopl…
How are people stratified?
What are the four global stratificatio…
A form of social stratification in whi…
Stratification
Power, Property, and prestige
Slavery, Caste, Estate, and Class
Slavery
The division of large numbers of peopl…
Stratification
How are people stratified?
Power, Property, and prestige
36 terms
Sociology: Stratification
Social stratification
2 dimensions of stratification
What is the underlying dimension of ec…
Social class is based on:
inequality between groups and their struggles over inequality
-class/money... -status
money!!!
income and wealth
Social stratification
inequality between groups and their struggles over inequality
2 dimensions of stratification
-class/money... -status
25 terms
Sociology stratification
Social stratification
Inequality
Attributes
Stereotypes
The division of society into groups arranged in social hierar…
The situation in which the economic goods in society are dist…
It assigns to people different attributes as a result of diff…
One assumes that people who falls into a particular category…
Social stratification
The division of society into groups arranged in social hierar…
Inequality
The situation in which the economic goods in society are dist…
14 terms
Sociology- Stratification
What are the Systems of Stratification?
Define: Caste
Define: Class
Define: Weber
Slavery, Caste, Class, Weber
When people inherit their position and have little mobility
Groupings of people usually based on wealth, education and oc…
Life Chances
What are the Systems of Stratification?
Slavery, Caste, Class, Weber
Define: Caste
When people inherit their position and have little mobility
9 terms
Sociology of stratification
Stratification
Stratification
Social mobility
Structural functional perspective of s…
Stratification is defined as a system by which a society rank…
People can be stratified according to their ... 1) Income ... 2) W…
The measure of the extent to which parents and their children…
According to the structural functional perspective, stratific…
Stratification
Stratification is defined as a system by which a society rank…
Stratification
People can be stratified according to their ... 1) Income ... 2) W…
38 terms
Sociology - Stratification
What is stratification?
What is Caste?
What is Apartheid?
What is social class?
A system or formation of layers, classes, or categories.
A form of Stratification based on the Hindu religion. Social…
A form of Stratification based on race and ethnicity. Social…
A form of Stratification based on occupation and income. Soci…
What is stratification?
A system or formation of layers, classes, or categories.
What is Caste?
A form of Stratification based on the Hindu religion. Social…
39 terms
Sociology: Stratification
What is stratification?
What is Coercion power?
What is authority?
What is Differentiation?
A system or formation of layers, class or categories. Each la…
Power by force e.g. bullying. If this was the only power, peo…
Legitimate power, power by force
The different ways people are treated according to the social…
What is stratification?
A system or formation of layers, class or categories. Each la…
What is Coercion power?
Power by force e.g. bullying. If this was the only power, peo…
72 terms
Sociology Chapter 8-Sociology Stratification
Social Stratification
Four Principles of Stratification 1st
Four Principles of Stratification 2nd
Four Principles of Stratification 3rd
A system by which a society ranks categoeries of people in a…
1st - It's a trade of society, not a reflection of individual…
2nd - It carries over from generation to generation. Most peo…
3rd - it's Universal but variable... Distance between individual…
Social Stratification
A system by which a society ranks categoeries of people in a…
Four Principles of Stratification 1st
1st - It's a trade of society, not a reflection of individual…
39 terms
Sociology of Stratification
What are some characteristics of socia…
Funtionalist- ... Are these micro-level o…
Conflict-... Are these micro-level or mac…
Interactionist theories -... Are these mi…
Social stratification: the unequal distribution of people acr…
a set of ideas focused on social structures as well as the fu…
a theory that claims society is in a state of perpetual confl…
examines how shared meanings and social patterns are... develope…
What are some characteristics of socia…
Social stratification: the unequal distribution of people acr…
Funtionalist- ... Are these micro-level o…
a set of ideas focused on social structures as well as the fu…
22 terms
Sociology: Social Stratification
social stratification
social class
bourgeoisie
proletariat
ranking of people or groups according to their unequal access…
segment of society whose members hold similar amounts of reso…
class that owns the means of production
class that labors without owning the means of production
social stratification
ranking of people or groups according to their unequal access…
social class
segment of society whose members hold similar amounts of reso…
30 terms
Sociology - Social Stratification
Social stratification
Problem with social stratification
Caste system
Class system
A system by which a society ranks categories of people in a h…
- Inequality is inherent in this system - if you are going to…
Must stay in ascribed status... -birth assigns your ascribed sta…
- Based on both birth and individual achievement... - Lower stat…
Social stratification
A system by which a society ranks categories of people in a h…
Problem with social stratification
- Inequality is inherent in this system - if you are going to…
19 terms
chapter 8 Social Stratification - Sociology
social stratification
social class
bourgeoise
income
ranking of people or groups according to their unequal access…
A social class is a group of people of similar status, common…
class that owns the means of production
amount of money received by an individual or group over a spe…
social stratification
ranking of people or groups according to their unequal access…
social class
A social class is a group of people of similar status, common…
22 terms
Sociology: Unit 6 - Social Stratification
social stratification
wealth
income
caste system
a socioeconomic system that divides society's members into ca…
the net value of money and assets a person has (inheritance,…
the money a person earns from work or investments
a system in which people are born into their social standing,…
social stratification
a socioeconomic system that divides society's members into ca…
wealth
the net value of money and assets a person has (inheritance,…
31 terms
Sociology chapter 6 - Stratification
Stratification
Life chances
Class
Webers look on class
a system of inequality in which social strata are ranked base…
describe the impact access to scarce resources has on ones li…
a group of people who occupy a similar economic position in s…
economically based
Stratification
a system of inequality in which social strata are ranked base…
Life chances
describe the impact access to scarce resources has on ones li…
60 terms
Sociology Chapter 8 - Social Stratification
Social Stratification
Four Principles of Stratification
Four Principles of Stratification
Four Principles of Stratification
A system by which a society ranks categoeries of people in a…
1st - It's a trade of society, not a reflection of individual…
2nd - It carries over from generation to generation. Most peo…
3rd - it's Universal but variable... Distance between individual…
Social Stratification
A system by which a society ranks categoeries of people in a…
Four Principles of Stratification
1st - It's a trade of society, not a reflection of individual…
50 terms
Sociology : Gender Stratification
Sex
Gender
Differences Between Men and Women
New Guinean Society and Gender
Biological characteristics distinguishing males and females
A social characteristic that refers to what a society conside…
"If gender is based in biological differences between men and…
Arapesh (feminine); Mundugumor (masculine) and Tchambuli (dif…
Sex
Biological characteristics distinguishing males and females
Gender
A social characteristic that refers to what a society conside…
47 terms
Sociology 302
Social Networks
Social Network Theory
Dyad
Triad
sets of individuals linked together by one or more social rel…
Attributes of individuals are less important than their relat…
smallest possible group, most intense and intimate, most unst…
interaction between nodes decrease, strength and stability in…
Social Networks
sets of individuals linked together by one or more social rel…
Social Network Theory
Attributes of individuals are less important than their relat…
34 terms
Sociology 302
Organization
Formal v. Informal Organization
How did organization begin?
Rational Systems Approach
Group with a name, purpose, defined membership, clear boundar…
Clear roles or jobs within it that define how things get done…
Technological revolution --> mass production --> replace smal…
Scholars interested after changes by Industrial revolution. V…
Organization
Group with a name, purpose, defined membership, clear boundar…
Formal v. Informal Organization
Clear roles or jobs within it that define how things get done…
67 terms
Sociology Chapter 9: Stratification
Social Inequality
Income
Stratification
Wealth
Condition in which members of a society have unequal amounts…
Salaries and wages
Structured ranking of entire groups of people that perpetuate…
Totality of a person's possessions, including land, stocks, a…
Social Inequality
Condition in which members of a society have unequal amounts…
Income
Salaries and wages
11 terms
Sociology, stratification terms
deindustrialization
globalization
social mobility
structural mobility
a decline in the manufacturing sector of the economy
increasing exchanges of goods and services in different count…
the movement of people upward or downward in a social class
the movement of groups of classes
deindustrialization
a decline in the manufacturing sector of the economy
globalization
increasing exchanges of goods and services in different count…
Sociology Midterm Two: Stratification
jean-jacques rousseau
physical inequality
social inequality
social equality
inequality tied to uneven distribution of resources; private…
consisting of difference of age, health, bodily strength, and…
"depends on a kind of conventional inequality or at least aut…
a condition whereby no differences in wealth, power, prestige…
jean-jacques rousseau
inequality tied to uneven distribution of resources; private…
physical inequality
consisting of difference of age, health, bodily strength, and…
60 terms
Sociology Chapter 8 - Social Stratification
Social Stratification
Four Principles of Stratification
Four Principles of Stratification
Four Principles of Stratification
A system by which a society ranks categoeries of people in a…
1st - It's a trade of society, not a reflection of individual…
2nd - It carries over from generation to generation. Most peo…
3rd - it's Universal but variable... Distance between individual…
Social Stratification
A system by which a society ranks categoeries of people in a…
Four Principles of Stratification
1st - It's a trade of society, not a reflection of individual…
22 terms
Sociology - CH. 8 Stratification
class consciousness
Quintile system
social stratification
4 components of Socioeconomic Status
awareness of social status
social rank (1-5; 1=highest, 5=lowest)... think about: ... locatio…
categories of people ranked in a hierarchy
-Education... -Occupation... -Income... -Place of residence
class consciousness
awareness of social status
Quintile system
social rank (1-5; 1=highest, 5=lowest)... think about: ... locatio…
6 terms
Sociology 8 STRATIFICATION
social stratification
Meritocracy
Status consistency
Davis-Moore thesis
A system by which a society ranks categories of people in a h…
Social stratification based on personal merit
The degree of consistency in a person's standing across vario…
Social stratification has beneficial consequences for the ope…
social stratification
A system by which a society ranks categories of people in a h…
Meritocracy
Social stratification based on personal merit
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