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Study sets matching "sociology 4"

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Study sets matching "sociology 4"

5 terms
sociology 4
Birth Rate
Infant mortality rate
Fertility rate
Vanishing children
The number of births per 1,00 of the population per year
The number of infants who die before their first birthday per…
The average number of kids a woman will have during her ferti…
Falling fertility rate means fewer children so childhood may…
Birth Rate
The number of births per 1,00 of the population per year
Infant mortality rate
The number of infants who die before their first birthday per…
98 terms
Sociology4
Ways of studying sociology
Social institutions and two types
Education social institutions
Family social institutions
1. macrosociology: large scale, social structures, institutio…
-guide what people do, do not need individuals ... 1. conservati…
tax and location
-size decreases with urbanization ... - serial monogonism: sever…
Ways of studying sociology
1. macrosociology: large scale, social structures, institutio…
Social institutions and two types
-guide what people do, do not need individuals ... 1. conservati…
20 terms
sociology 4
gender schema theory
traditional sexism
modern sexism
secure attachment
children develop frame of a knowledge about what girls and bo…
the belief that womens roles should be confined to the family…
denies that gender discrimination persists and includes the b…
associated with better prospects for a committed relationship
gender schema theory
children develop frame of a knowledge about what girls and bo…
traditional sexism
the belief that womens roles should be confined to the family…
28 terms
Sociology Chapter 3-4
Sapir-Whorf hypothesis
self-concept
symbols
norms
your view of the world is affected by the language you speak
our image of ourselves as separate from those around us
transfers knowledge of culture from one generation to another
made up of folkways, mores, and laws
Sapir-Whorf hypothesis
your view of the world is affected by the language you speak
self-concept
our image of ourselves as separate from those around us
52 terms
sociology 4
caste system
class system
social stratification
chance
any form of stratification in which people are categorized an…
a system of social stratification in which people are ranked…
the systematic process of ranking people on a scale of social…
characteristics and experiences not the result of will, choic…
caste system
any form of stratification in which people are categorized an…
class system
a system of social stratification in which people are ranked…
22 terms
sociology 4
socialization
social reproduction
agents of socialization
peer group
The process by which people learn customs and values of their…
The transmission of social inequality from one generation to…
groups or social contexts within which processes of socializa…
A social group whose members have interests, social position,…
socialization
The process by which people learn customs and values of their…
social reproduction
The transmission of social inequality from one generation to…
16 terms
Sociology 4
Stigma
Positive deviance
Negative deviance
Internal control
Punishment after breaking norm
Over conformity
Behavior fails to meet accepted norm
Individual control
Stigma
Punishment after breaking norm
Positive deviance
Over conformity
78 terms
Sociology 4
role set
reciprocal roles
A disability is an example of a social…
Achieved status
Mix of multiple roles
Defines the patterns of interactions between related statuses.
true
Acquired through one's efforts or special skills
role set
Mix of multiple roles
reciprocal roles
Defines the patterns of interactions between related statuses.
25 terms
Sociology 4
Achieved Status
Agency
Ascribed Status
Breach
which basically amounts to what you are born with versus what…
while we operate within limits that largely are not of our ow…
amounts to what you are born with versus what you become. Ano…
established script, we work hard to repair it and move forwar…
Achieved Status
which basically amounts to what you are born with versus what…
Agency
while we operate within limits that largely are not of our ow…
58 terms
Sociology 4
social structure
status
role
ascribed status
network of interrelated statuses and roles that guide human i…
socially defined position in a group or in a society
the behavior expected of someone occupying a particular status
based on a persons inherited traits
social structure
network of interrelated statuses and roles that guide human i…
status
socially defined position in a group or in a society
19 terms
Sociology and You Chapter 4
socialization
self-concept
looking-glass self
significant others
the process of learning how to partipate in a group
knowing you have an identity separate from other people
a perception of yourself based on others obsevations
the people whose judgments are most important to our self-con…
socialization
the process of learning how to partipate in a group
self-concept
knowing you have an identity separate from other people
20 terms
Sociology 4
Pathogens
Microbiota
Classical style
Bateau
Bacteria, viruses, and parasites
Naturally occuring microorganisms
Any style that continues as an accepted fashion over an exten…
Horizontal neckline
Pathogens
Bacteria, viruses, and parasites
Microbiota
Naturally occuring microorganisms
20 terms
Sociology 4
Personality
Heredity
Instinct
Sociobiology
The sum total of behaivors, attitudes, beliefs, and values th…
The transmission of genetic characteristics from parents to c…
An unchanging, biologically inherited behavior pattern
The systematic study of all biological basis of all social be…
Personality
The sum total of behaivors, attitudes, beliefs, and values th…
Heredity
The transmission of genetic characteristics from parents to c…
33 terms
sociology #4
adolesence
agents of socialization
birth order
cognitive development
period between childhood and adulthood in industrial posts-in…
individuals or institutions that teach the culture of a society
position of an individual among his or her siblings on the ba…
process of changes over time in the way an individual thinks,…
adolesence
period between childhood and adulthood in industrial posts-in…
agents of socialization
individuals or institutions that teach the culture of a society
13 terms
Sociology 4
Social group
Social category
Social Aggregate
Primary Group
two or more people who interact and identify with each other
people may share the same status but are strangers to each ot…
collection of loosely connected people in one place ex.shoppe…
a small group whose members share personal and lasting relati…
Social group
two or more people who interact and identify with each other
Social category
people may share the same status but are strangers to each ot…
15 terms
sociology 4
informal sanction
the innovator
Inon law of oligarchy
instrumental leaders
direct social pressure from those around us to conform
may continue to accept the goal while seeking new, and illega…
small number of specialist hold sway over the entire organiza…
task-orientated
informal sanction
direct social pressure from those around us to conform
the innovator
may continue to accept the goal while seeking new, and illega…
42 terms
Sociology 4
Why schools are increasingly being seg…
Impacts
Solutions
Funding
Court-ordered desegregation plans were temporary... Voluntary in…
(The Return of "Separate but Equal")... Unequal funding... racial i…
(The Return of "Separate but Equal")... reallocate resources rat…
(The Return of "Separate but Equal")... A combination of federal…
Why schools are increasingly being seg…
Court-ordered desegregation plans were temporary... Voluntary in…
Impacts
(The Return of "Separate but Equal")... Unequal funding... racial i…
23 terms
Sociology Chapter 4 Vocabulary
Socialization
Harry Harlow
Lawrence Casler
Self Concept
the process of learning to participate in a group.
psychologist who devised a famous experiment that showed the…
studied the developmental growth rate of institutionalized ch…
an image of yourself as having an identity separate from othe…
Socialization
the process of learning to participate in a group.
Harry Harlow
psychologist who devised a famous experiment that showed the…
51 terms
Sociology-4
Nature vs. Nurture Debate
Socialization
Feral Children
Sociobiology
the ongoing discussion of the respective roles of genetics an…
the process of learning and internalizing the values, beliefs…
in myths and rare- real-world cases, children who have had li…
A branch of science that uses biological and evolutionary exp…
Nature vs. Nurture Debate
the ongoing discussion of the respective roles of genetics an…
Socialization
the process of learning and internalizing the values, beliefs…
78 terms
Sociology 4
role set
reciprocal roles
A disability is an example of a social…
Achieved status
Mix of multiple roles
Defines the patterns of interactions between related statuses.
true
Acquired through one's efforts or special skills
role set
Mix of multiple roles
reciprocal roles
Defines the patterns of interactions between related statuses.
Sociology 4
Social Status
Ascribed status
Achieved Status
Master Status
socially defined position within society... symbolic
Often given at birth... usually visible ; important to culture... c…
status earned/ applied to us through effort (or perceived eff…
Key status in society... Key in defining how we are perceived ... I…
Social Status
socially defined position within society... symbolic
Ascribed status
Often given at birth... usually visible ; important to culture... c…
14 terms
Sociology 4
Rationality
Traditional orientation
Rationalization of society
Capitalism
Efficiency
The past is
Widespread acceptance
Economic
Rationality
Efficiency
Traditional orientation
The past is
10 terms
sociology 4
socialization
self
looking glass self
role-taking
interactive process through which individuals learn the basic…
conscious awareness of possessing a distinct identity that se…
interactive process by which we develop an image of ourselves…
taking or pretending to take the role of others
socialization
interactive process through which individuals learn the basic…
self
conscious awareness of possessing a distinct identity that se…
13 terms
Sociology 4
socialization
sociobiology
agents of socialization
peer group
the lifelong process of social interaction through which indi…
the systematic study of how biology affects social behaviour
the persons, groups, or institutions that teach us what we ne…
a group of people who are linked by common interests equal so…
socialization
the lifelong process of social interaction through which indi…
sociobiology
the systematic study of how biology affects social behaviour
21 terms
Sociology 4
Socialization
Social reproduction
Agent of socialization
Peer group
The social process through which children develop an awarenes…
The process whereby societies have structural continuity over…
Groups or social contexts within which processes of socializa…
A friendship group composed of individuals of similar age and…
Socialization
The social process through which children develop an awarenes…
Social reproduction
The process whereby societies have structural continuity over…
20 terms
sociology 4
personality
resocialization
role taking
total institution
sum of total behaviors, attitudes, beliefs, and values that a…
a break with the past and learning new values
pretending to take another role
setting where one is isolated from society
personality
sum of total behaviors, attitudes, beliefs, and values that a…
resocialization
a break with the past and learning new values
10 terms
Sociology Chapter 4 Vocabulary
Social Structure
Social Class
Social Institutions
Stereotypes
The framework that surrounds us, consisting of the relationsh…
A large number of people with similar amounts of income and e…
The organized, usual, or standard ways by which society meets…
Assumptions of what people are like, based on previous associ…
Social Structure
The framework that surrounds us, consisting of the relationsh…
Social Class
A large number of people with similar amounts of income and e…
20 terms
Sociology #4
anticipatory socialization
cognitive theory of development (Piaget)
degradation ceremony
dramaturgical approach
processes of socialization in which a person rehearses for fu…
the theory that children's thought processes through four sta…
an aspect of the socialization process within some total inst…
a view of social interaction in which people are seen as thea…
anticipatory socialization
processes of socialization in which a person rehearses for fu…
cognitive theory of development (Piaget)
the theory that children's thought processes through four sta…
64 terms
Sociology #4
Pluralism (Functionalist)
Power Elite Theory (Conflict)
Functions of Education
Crisis in Education
-Separation of powers... -Checks and balances... -Power is disperse…
-Power is concentrated (among the rich)... -TOP OFFICIALS MAKE D…
Manifest... -Teach knowledge and skills... -Loyalty to the state... La…
Student performance levels
Pluralism (Functionalist)
-Separation of powers... -Checks and balances... -Power is disperse…
Power Elite Theory (Conflict)
-Power is concentrated (among the rich)... -TOP OFFICIALS MAKE D…
37 terms
Sociology 4
Endogamy
homogamy
Credential Society
Cultural Capital
must marry within a group
the tendency for similar people to marry
Great value on credentials, emphasis on degrees over vocation…
Look at definition from book, similar to human capital, a pro…
Endogamy
must marry within a group
homogamy
the tendency for similar people to marry
27 terms
Sociology 4
Robert Merton
Socialization vs internalization
Roles
Identity vs personality
Noted "we aren't born human", we have a biological make up, b…
Socialization: process through which people learn expectation…
Expected behavior associated with a given status in society (…
Identity: How one defines oneself. Personality: Defined as a…
Robert Merton
Noted "we aren't born human", we have a biological make up, b…
Socialization vs internalization
Socialization: process through which people learn expectation…
37 terms
Sociology: Chapter 4
achieved status
ascribed status
division of labor
dramaturgical analysis
a social position that a person assumes voluntarily as a resu…
a social position conferred at birth or received involuntaril…
how the various tasks of a society are divided up and perform…
the study of social interaction that compares everyday life t…
achieved status
a social position that a person assumes voluntarily as a resu…
ascribed status
a social position conferred at birth or received involuntaril…
19 terms
4 - SOCIOLOGY
somewhat
via
differentiate sth from another
differentiation
(adj) sort of/ a little bit
- passing through/ by way of a plave... - by means of/ using
(v) create differences between them
(n) the act or process of differentiating, or the state of be…
somewhat
(adj) sort of/ a little bit
via
- passing through/ by way of a plave... - by means of/ using
18 terms
Sociology Chapter 4
I Self
Socialization
Imitation Stage
Me Self
According to Mead, the part of the self that is spontaneous,…
The process of learning how to take part in group life.
The time around 1 ½ years of age when a child starts mimickin…
According to Mead, the part of the self that is created throu…
I Self
According to Mead, the part of the self that is spontaneous,…
Socialization
The process of learning how to take part in group life.
44 terms
Sociology Chapter 4
social structure
status
role
exchange
network of roles that guide human interaction
socially defined position in a group
the behavior assigned to status
when people interact to receive a reward for their actions
social structure
network of roles that guide human interaction
status
socially defined position in a group
130 terms
Sociology 4
Socialization is the process by which -
The debate "What makes you you?" discu…
When do we develop a sense of self?
What moments from early life do we rem…
people learn the norms, values, and attitudes of society, and…
nature vs. nurture... genetics vs. environment
Around age 3-4, as we have experiences!
The ones that stick out emotionally
Socialization is the process by which -
people learn the norms, values, and attitudes of society, and…
The debate "What makes you you?" discu…
nature vs. nurture... genetics vs. environment
17 terms
Sociology CH 4 terms
Socialization
Self Concept
Looking glass self
Significant others
the cultural process of learning to participate in group life.
an image of yourself as having an identity separate from othe…
an image of yourself based on what you believe of others thin…
those people whose reactions are most important to your self-…
Socialization
the cultural process of learning to participate in group life.
Self Concept
an image of yourself as having an identity separate from othe…
21 terms
Sociology 4
Socialization
Why is socialization important and whe…
Who conducted monkey survey?
What was the Harlow study about?
The cultural process of of learning to participate in group l…
Successful socialization enables people to fit into all kind…
Harry Harlow
Studied social isolation ... Letting monkeys choose between natu…
Socialization
The cultural process of of learning to participate in group l…
Why is socialization important and whe…
Successful socialization enables people to fit into all kind…
24 terms
Sociology 4
Deviance
4 characteristics of deviance
2 types of deviance
Why is deviance functional
Behavior that is recognized as violating expected rules & nor…
1. Emergence of deviance... 2. Recognition, not all behaviors ar…
Formal: breaks laws... Informal: violates customary norms
To know what normal behavior is
Deviance
Behavior that is recognized as violating expected rules & nor…
4 characteristics of deviance
1. Emergence of deviance... 2. Recognition, not all behaviors ar…
30 terms
sociology4
Frustration-Aggression
Projection
Exploitation Theory
Normative Approach
when one feels or experiences frustration due to blocked need…
the tendency to project one's own undesirable traits onto a s…
prejudice is rationally and economically motivated on the bas…
prejudice is patterned into the cultural norms and values of…
Frustration-Aggression
when one feels or experiences frustration due to blocked need…
Projection
the tendency to project one's own undesirable traits onto a s…
26 terms
SOCIOLOGY 4
What is the sociological definition of…
Explain the 4 characteristics of devia…
What are 2 types of deviance?
Discuss why Durkheim considered devian…
Behavior that is recognized as violating expected rules and n…
1) Deviance emerges in a social context, not just the behavio…
1) Formal Deviance: Behavior that breaks laws or official Rul…
Argues that one reason acts of deviance are publicly punished…
What is the sociological definition of…
Behavior that is recognized as violating expected rules and n…
Explain the 4 characteristics of devia…
1) Deviance emerges in a social context, not just the behavio…
15 terms
Sociology: Chapter 4 Vocab
socialization
self-concept
looking-glass self
significant others
...
...
...
...
socialization
...
self-concept
...
18 terms
Sociology - Chapter 4 - Socialization
Socialization
self-concept
looking-glass self
significant others
the process of learning to participate in a group
an image of yourself as having an identity separate from othe…
an image of yourself based on what you believe others think o…
those people whose reactions are most important to your self-…
Socialization
the process of learning to participate in a group
self-concept
an image of yourself as having an identity separate from othe…
25 terms
Sociology Terms 4
Dynamic Density
Dysfunction
Economic Determinism
Economy
The number of people and their frequency of interaction. An i…
Observable consequences that have an adverse effect on the ab…
The idea that the economy determines all sectors of society.…
To Parsons, the subsystem of society that performs the functi…
Dynamic Density
The number of people and their frequency of interaction. An i…
Dysfunction
Observable consequences that have an adverse effect on the ab…
36 terms
Sociology 4 vocab
Status
Role
Ascribed Status
Achieved Status
Socially defined position in a group or in a society
Behavior... The rights and obligations
Status assigned according to standards that are beyond a pers…
Status acquired by an individual on the basis of some special…
Status
Socially defined position in a group or in a society
Role
Behavior... The rights and obligations
20 terms
chapter 4 - Sociology test
socialization
self-concept
looking glass self
significant others
Interactive process through which individuals learn the basic…
A sense of one's identity and personal worth
Charles Horton Cooley's term for a self-image based on how we…
Those people whose reactions are most important to your self-…
socialization
Interactive process through which individuals learn the basic…
self-concept
A sense of one's identity and personal worth
30 terms
Sociology Sociology Chapter 1-4 People
Max (V)Weber
Max (V)Weber
Max (V)Weber
Max (V)Weber
Religion: Became capitalist as result of religion
Theory: "iron cage"
Wrote The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism, German
Politics: Didn't agree with Communism
Max (V)Weber
Religion: Became capitalist as result of religion
Max (V)Weber
Theory: "iron cage"
23 terms
Sociology 4
Sex
Gender
Stratification
Gender roles
the biological difference between females and males
the difference between females and males that are based on be…
a structured ranking of entire group of people that perpetuat…
expectation regarding the power behavior, and attitude, and a…
Sex
the biological difference between females and males
Gender
the difference between females and males that are based on be…
56 terms
sociology 4
education
formal education
informal education
cultural transmission
a social institution through which a society's children are t…
describes the learning of academic facts and concepts through…
describes learning about cultural values, norms, and expected…
refers to the way people come to learn the values, beliefs, a…
education
a social institution through which a society's children are t…
formal education
describes the learning of academic facts and concepts through…
62 terms
Sociology 4
Race
ethnicity
The most common face on earth
Institutional racism
A group of human beings distinguished by physical traits, blo…
Affiliation or identity within a group of people bound by com…
male, 28-year-old Han Chinese man is the most typical person…
patterns of discrimination based on ethnicity that have becom…
Race
A group of human beings distinguished by physical traits, blo…
ethnicity
Affiliation or identity within a group of people bound by com…
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