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Study sets matching "sociology chapter 3"

25 terms
Sociology chapter 3
self-fullfilment
sanctions
ideology
reformulation
commitment to the development of a person's potential
rewards of punishments for behavior
a system of beliefs that justifies a societies beliefs
adapting borrowed cultural traits to a new culture
self-fullfilment
commitment to the development of a person's potential
sanctions
rewards of punishments for behavior
67 terms
Sociology Chapter 3 - Socialization
socialization
personality
Nature vs. Nurture
Social Isolation
The lifelong social experience by which people develop their…
a person's fairly consistent patterns of acting, thinking and…
Humans depend on others to provide care for physical growth a…
Cutting people off from the social work is very harmful. For…
socialization
The lifelong social experience by which people develop their…
personality
a person's fairly consistent patterns of acting, thinking and…
17 terms
Sociology Chapter 3 Vocabulary
Culture
Society
Instincts
Reflex
knowledge, values, customs and physical objects that are shar…
A specific territory inhabited by people who share a common c…
Innate (unlearned) patterns of behavior
automatic reaction to physical stimulus
Culture
knowledge, values, customs and physical objects that are shar…
Society
A specific territory inhabited by people who share a common c…
34 terms
Sociology Chapter 3 Terms
Beliefs
Counter cultures
Cultural imperialism
Cultural relativism
Tenets or convictions that people hold to be true
Groups that reject and oppose society's widely accepted cultu…
The deliberate imposition of ones own cultural values on anot…
The practice of accessing a culture by its own standards and…
Beliefs
Tenets or convictions that people hold to be true
Counter cultures
Groups that reject and oppose society's widely accepted cultu…
18 terms
Chapter 3 Sociology Review
Positive Sanctions
Ideology
Self-Fulfillment
Social Movement
Examples include praise, cheers, and applause.
System of beliefs or ideas that justifies some social, moral,…
Significant new value that has emerged in the United States
Long-Term conscious effort to promote or prevent social change.
Positive Sanctions
Examples include praise, cheers, and applause.
Ideology
System of beliefs or ideas that justifies some social, moral,…
16 terms
Sociology Chapter 3 Key Terms
Self-fulfillment
Narcissism
Internalization
Sanctions
Commitment to the full development of one's personality, tale…
(Coach Patton sometimes) Extreme self-centeredness (just kidd…
Process by which a norm becomes part of an individuals person…
Rewards or punishments used to enforce conformity to norms.
Self-fulfillment
Commitment to the full development of one's personality, tale…
Narcissism
(Coach Patton sometimes) Extreme self-centeredness (just kidd…
25 terms
Sociology Chapter 3
culture
society
sociobiology
symbol
knowledge, values, customs, and physical objects that are sha…
a specific territory inhabited by a people who share a common…
the study of the biological basis of human behavior
a thing that stands for or represents something else
culture
knowledge, values, customs, and physical objects that are sha…
society
a specific territory inhabited by a people who share a common…
Sociology Chapter 3
Id
What did Freud believe humans to basic…
Ego
Super-ego
The human beings basic drives. Which are unconscious and dema…
Sexual and emotional bonding, which is called life instincts,…
A person's conscious effort to balance innate Pleasure Seekin…
The cultural values and norms internalized by an individual.…
Id
The human beings basic drives. Which are unconscious and dema…
What did Freud believe humans to basic…
Sexual and emotional bonding, which is called life instincts,…
24 terms
Sociology Chapter 3 Vocabulary Terms
Culture
Society
Instincts
Reflex
Knowledge, values, customs, and physical objects that are sha…
A specific territory inhabited by people who share a common c…
Innate (unlearned) patterns of behavior.
Automatic reaction to physical stimulus.
Culture
Knowledge, values, customs, and physical objects that are sha…
Society
A specific territory inhabited by people who share a common c…
12 terms
Sociology Chapter 3-People
Kohlberg
Mead
Piaget
Gilligan
focused on levels of stages as we develop morality (amoral, p…
said that play & learning to take the role of others is cruci…
studied different levels of reasoning skills-sensorimotor, pr…
said that women and men look at morality differently
Kohlberg
focused on levels of stages as we develop morality (amoral, p…
Mead
said that play & learning to take the role of others is cruci…
24 terms
Sociology Vocab, Chapter 3
Cultural lag
Social Movement
Socialization
Informal sanction
A situation in which some aspects of the culture change less…
A long-term conscious effort to promote or prevent social cha…
The interactive process through which individuals learn the b…
Spontaneous expression of approval or disapproval by an indiv…
Cultural lag
A situation in which some aspects of the culture change less…
Social Movement
A long-term conscious effort to promote or prevent social cha…
34 terms
Sociology Chapter 3 Vocab
beliefs
countercultures
cultural imperialism
cultural relativism
tenets or convictions that people hold to be true
groups that reject and oppose society's widely accepted cultu…
the deliberate imposition of one's own cultural values on ano…
the practice of assessing a culture by its own standards, and…
beliefs
tenets or convictions that people hold to be true
countercultures
groups that reject and oppose society's widely accepted cultu…
33 terms
Sociology Chapter 3
Culture
Society
Material Culture
Culture Characteristics
A system of learned and shared behaviors
A group of people who share a culture and a defined territory
The physical objects that people make, use, and share
1. Culture is learned: shapes how we think, feel, and behave.…
Culture
A system of learned and shared behaviors
Society
A group of people who share a culture and a defined territory
35 terms
Sociology Chapter 3
Monopoly
Reproductive Technologies
Technological Imperative
Socialization
Exclusive possession of the supply trade
Tech to help fertilization
Once tech is available, it's difficult to not use it
Learning the rules, practices, and values needed to participa…
Monopoly
Exclusive possession of the supply trade
Reproductive Technologies
Tech to help fertilization
17 terms
sociology chapter 3 vocab
argot
counterculture
cultural relativism
culture
specialized language used by a subculture
subculture that disagrees with certain aspects of the larger…
viewing of peoples behavior from the perspective of their own…
socially transmitted customs
argot
specialized language used by a subculture
counterculture
subculture that disagrees with certain aspects of the larger…
31 terms
Sociology chapter 3
culture
material culture
nonmaterial culture
symbolic culture
the language, beliefs, values, norms, behaviours, and even ma…
the material objects that distinguish a group of people, such…
a group's ways of thinking (including its beliefs, values, an…
another term for nonmaterial culture
culture
the language, beliefs, values, norms, behaviours, and even ma…
material culture
the material objects that distinguish a group of people, such…
61 terms
Beach Sociology Chapter 3
Quantitative
Qualitative
Scientific Method
Literature Review
A type of data that can be converted into numbers, usually fo…
A type of data that can't be easily converted into numbers, u…
A procedure for acquiring knowledge that emphasizes collectin…
A thorough search through previously published studies releva…
Quantitative
A type of data that can be converted into numbers, usually fo…
Qualitative
A type of data that can't be easily converted into numbers, u…
25 terms
Sociology - Chapter 3
Technology
Self-fulfillment
Reformulation
Robin M. Williams
The knowledge and tools that people use to manipulate their e…
The commitment to the full development of one's personality,…
Adapting borrowed cultural traits.
Identified a set of 15 values that are central to the America…
Technology
The knowledge and tools that people use to manipulate their e…
Self-fulfillment
The commitment to the full development of one's personality,…
35 terms
Sociology- Chapter 3
Social Structure
Status
Role
Ascribed Status
the network of interrelated statuses and roles that guide hum…
defined position in a group or society
is the behavior expected of someone occupying a particular st…
is assigned according to qualities beyond a person's control
Social Structure
the network of interrelated statuses and roles that guide hum…
Status
defined position in a group or society
32 terms
Sociology Chapter 3
Culture
Society
Instincts
Reflex
Knowledge, values, customs, and physical objects shared by me…
A specific territory inhabited by people who share a common c…
Innate patterns of behaviors
Automatic reaction to physical stimulus
Culture
Knowledge, values, customs, and physical objects shared by me…
Society
A specific territory inhabited by people who share a common c…
26 terms
Sociology Chapter 3 Vocabulary
Culture
Society
Instincts
Reflex
knowledge, values, customs, and physical objects that are sha…
specific territory inhabited by people who share a common cul…
innate (unlearned) patterns of behavior
automatic reaction to physical stimuli
Culture
knowledge, values, customs, and physical objects that are sha…
Society
specific territory inhabited by people who share a common cul…
24 terms
Sociology Chapter 3 Vocabulary
Norms
Violation
Folkways
Mores
Societal rules that define the boundaries of acceptable behav…
a breaking of or failing to keep something like a law or a pr…
norms that lack moral significance
customary moral standards
Norms
Societal rules that define the boundaries of acceptable behav…
Violation
a breaking of or failing to keep something like a law or a pr…
22 terms
Sociology Chapter 3
Socialization
Personality
Id
Ego
The lifelong social experience by which people develop their…
A persons fairly consistent patterns of acting, thinking, and…
The human beings basic drives.
A persons conscious efforts to balance innate pleasure seekin…
Socialization
The lifelong social experience by which people develop their…
Personality
A persons fairly consistent patterns of acting, thinking, and…
32 terms
Sociology chapter 3
Culture
Society
Norms
Folkways
Ppeople's way of life that is passed from generation to gener…
A group of people living in a defined territory and participa…
Rules defining appropriate and inappropriate behavior
Rules that cover customary ways of thinking feeling and behav…
Culture
Ppeople's way of life that is passed from generation to gener…
Society
A group of people living in a defined territory and participa…
33 terms
Sociology Chapter 3 Culture
culture
material culture
non-material culture
society
the material and non-material knowledge, language, values, cu…
the concrete tangible objects of a culture
intangible world of ideas created by members of society
a defined territory and people with a common culture
culture
the material and non-material knowledge, language, values, cu…
material culture
the concrete tangible objects of a culture
17 terms
Holt Sociology Chapter 3
cultural lag
diffusion
formal sanction
ideology
the transformation of cultural traits that take a considerabl…
the process by which people often borrow ideas, beliefs, and…
a reward or punishment that's given by some organization or r…
a system of beliefs or ideas that justifies the social, moral…
cultural lag
the transformation of cultural traits that take a considerabl…
diffusion
the process by which people often borrow ideas, beliefs, and…
39 terms
Sociology Chapter 3 Culture
culture
nonmaterial culture
material culture
society
way of life or shared learned behavior or values, beliefs, be…
intangible world of ideas created by members of a society
tangible things created by members of a society
group of people interacting within a given territory, who are…
culture
way of life or shared learned behavior or values, beliefs, be…
nonmaterial culture
intangible world of ideas created by members of a society
19 terms
Sociology Chapter 3 Review
Counterculture
Cultural universal
Culture
Culture shock
A subculture that deliberately opposes certain aspects of the…
A common practice or belief shared by all societies.
Everything humans create in establishing our relationships to…
The feelings of disorientation, uncertainty, and even fear th…
Counterculture
A subculture that deliberately opposes certain aspects of the…
Cultural universal
A common practice or belief shared by all societies.
39 terms
Sociology Chapter 3
agents of socialization
anticipatory socialization
degradation ceremony
ego
individuals or groups that affect our self-concept, attitudes…
the process of learning in advance an anticipated future role…
a term coined by Harold Garfinkel to refer to a ritual whose…
Freud's term for a balancing force between the id and the dem…
agents of socialization
individuals or groups that affect our self-concept, attitudes…
anticipatory socialization
the process of learning in advance an anticipated future role…
47 terms
Sociology Chapter 3
barter
conflict
formal group
Competition
exchange of goods/services for trade
deliberate attempt to control person by force, oppose someone…
the structure, goals, and activities of the group are clearly…
occurs when two or more people or groups oppose each other to…
barter
exchange of goods/services for trade
conflict
deliberate attempt to control person by force, oppose someone…
29 terms
Sociology Chapter 3 Vocab
Culture
Nonmaterial Culture
Material Culture
Culture Shock
The ways of thinking, the ways of acting, and the material ob…
The ideas created by members of a society.
The physical things created by members of a society.
Personal disorientation when experiencing an unfamiliar way o…
Culture
The ways of thinking, the ways of acting, and the material ob…
Nonmaterial Culture
The ideas created by members of a society.
28 terms
Sociology Chapter 3-4
Sapir-Whorf hypothesis
self-concept
symbols
norms
your view of the world is affected by the language you speak
our image of ourselves as separate from those around us
transfers knowledge of culture from one generation to another
made up of folkways, mores, and laws
Sapir-Whorf hypothesis
your view of the world is affected by the language you speak
self-concept
our image of ourselves as separate from those around us
67 terms
Sociology Chapter 3 - Socialization
socialization
personality
Nature vs. Nurture
Social Isolation
The lifelong social experience by which people develop their…
a person's fairly consistent patterns of acting, thinking and…
Humans depend on others to provide care for physical growth a…
Cutting people off from the social work is very harmful. For…
socialization
The lifelong social experience by which people develop their…
personality
a person's fairly consistent patterns of acting, thinking and…
Sociology Chapter 3 Terms
Feral Children
Social Environment
Cooley and the Looking-Glass Self
We Learn to take the role of another by
Children that don't have the ability to talk
The entire human environment, including social interactions w…
We imagine how we appear to those around us. We interpret oth…
1.play 2.games 3. Imitation
Feral Children
Children that don't have the ability to talk
Social Environment
The entire human environment, including social interactions w…
16 terms
Sociology - Chapter 3
culture
society
Drive--... reflex--... instincts--
what is a main criticism of sociobiolo…
knowledge, values, customs, and physical objects that are sha…
an area where people live together and share a common culture
-impulse to reduce discomfort... -automatic reaction to physical…
The importance placed on genetics could be used as a justific…
culture
knowledge, values, customs, and physical objects that are sha…
society
an area where people live together and share a common culture
30 terms
Chapter 3 Sociology - Culture
Culture
Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis
Norms
Folkways
Knowledge, values and beliefs that members of a society agree…
How we think about a thing relates to the number and complexi…
Rules defining appropriate and inappropriate behavior.
Norms that lack moral significance
Culture
Knowledge, values and beliefs that members of a society agree…
Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis
How we think about a thing relates to the number and complexi…
28 terms
sociology chapter 3
culture
high culture
material culture
nonmaterial culture
the ways of thinking, the ways of acting, and the material ob…
cultural patterns that distinguish a society's elite
the physical things created by members of a society
the ideas created by members of a society
culture
the ways of thinking, the ways of acting, and the material ob…
high culture
cultural patterns that distinguish a society's elite
14 terms
Sociology Chapter 3
Nature vs Nurture
Socialization Effects
Socialization Process
Internalization
Nature- Human genetic makeup or biologically inherited traits…
Isolation
Lifelong learning process; developing human capacities
Process in which we make our society's norms, values, ad beli…
Nature vs Nurture
Nature- Human genetic makeup or biologically inherited traits…
Socialization Effects
Isolation
90 terms
sociology chapter 3
learning
stimulus
habituation
dishabituation
how we acquire new behaviors... stimulus+response... change in beha…
anything to which we respond to
decreased response after repeated exposure to the same stimul…
recovery of response to a stimulus after habituation as occur…
learning
how we acquire new behaviors... stimulus+response... change in beha…
stimulus
anything to which we respond to
25 terms
Sociology Chapter 3
Values
Instincts
Society
Informal Sanction
Broad ideas shared by people about what is good and desirable
Innate, biological, or unlearned patterns of behavior
Specific geographic territory inhabited by people who share a…
When a wife makes the husband sleep on the couch because he s…
Values
Broad ideas shared by people about what is good and desirable
Instincts
Innate, biological, or unlearned patterns of behavior
67 terms
Sociology Chapter 3 - Socialization
socialization
personality
Nature vs. Nurture
Social Isolation
The lifelong social experience by which people develop their…
a person's fairly consistent patterns of acting, thinking and…
Humans depend on others to provide care for physical growth a…
Cutting people off from the social work is very harmful. For…
socialization
The lifelong social experience by which people develop their…
personality
a person's fairly consistent patterns of acting, thinking and…
32 terms
Sociology Chapter 3
Age norms
Anticipatory socialization
Body language
Communication
Rules that define what is appropriate for people to be and do…
The process in which people think about, experiment with, and…
Physical motions and gestures that provide social signals.
The process by which people transmit information, ideas, atti…
Age norms
Rules that define what is appropriate for people to be and do…
Anticipatory socialization
The process in which people think about, experiment with, and…
27 terms
Sociology Chapter 3 Study Guide
Beliefs
Culture
Cultural Appropriation
Dominant Culture
shared ideas
Meaning and behavior that defines the way of life for a society
Adoption of elements of 1 culture by members of another cultu…
Most powerful group in society
Beliefs
shared ideas
Culture
Meaning and behavior that defines the way of life for a society
Sociology 102 Chapter 3
Racial Group
Ethnic Group
Dominant (Majority) Group
Subordinate (Minority) Group
A category of people who have been singled out by others or t…
A category of people who are distinguished, by others or by t…
One that is advantages and has superior resources and rights…
One whose members are disadvantages and subjected to unequal…
Racial Group
A category of people who have been singled out by others or t…
Ethnic Group
A category of people who are distinguished, by others or by t…
28 terms
Sociology Chapter 3 Terms
culture
nonmaterial culture
material culture
culture shock
the ways of thinking, the ways of acting, and the material ob…
ideas created by members of a society.
the physical things created by members of a society.
personal disorientation when experiencing an unfamiliar way o…
culture
the ways of thinking, the ways of acting, and the material ob…
nonmaterial culture
ideas created by members of a society.
18 terms
Sociology Chapter 3 Terms
Socialization
Cultural Determinism
Nature
Nurture
The process by which people develop personal identities and l…
Cultural influences determine the behaviors and personalities…
Hold that human behavior is the product of a person's heredit…
Argues that human beings are flexible and adaptable and that…
Socialization
The process by which people develop personal identities and l…
Cultural Determinism
Cultural influences determine the behaviors and personalities…
25 terms
Sociology Chapter 3 Vocabulary
Society
Instincts
Reflex
Drive
A group of people who inhabit a specific territory and share…
Innate (unlearned) patterns of behavior
Automatic reaction to physical stimuli
Impulse to reduce discomfort
Society
A group of people who inhabit a specific territory and share…
Instincts
Innate (unlearned) patterns of behavior
31 terms
Sociology Chapter 3
Society
Culture
Material Culture
Nonmaterial Culture
a group of people who live together and share a culture
the collection of values, beliefs, knowledge, norms, language…
physical objects produced by people in a particular culture i…
ideas of a culture including values and beliefs, accumulated…
Society
a group of people who live together and share a culture
Culture
the collection of values, beliefs, knowledge, norms, language…
24 terms
Sociology Chapter 3 Vocabulary
Social Environment
Feral Children
Self
Looking-Glass Self
the entire human environment including interaction with others
children assumed to ave been raised by animals in the wildern…
the unique human capacity of being able to see ourselves "fro…
a term coined by Charles Horton Cooley to refer to the proces…
Social Environment
the entire human environment including interaction with others
Feral Children
children assumed to ave been raised by animals in the wildern…
57 terms
Sociology - Chapter 3
culture
society
Theodore Adorno
culture industry
totality of learned, socially transmitted customs, knowledge,…
farily large number of peoplewho live in the same teritory ar…
globally the primary effct of popular culture is to limit peo…
the worldwide media industry tht standardizes the goods and s…
culture
totality of learned, socially transmitted customs, knowledge,…
society
farily large number of peoplewho live in the same teritory ar…
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