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Study sets matching "sociology social change"

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Study sets matching "sociology social change"

Sociology: Social Change
acting crowd
casual crowd
collective behavior
contagion theory
an excited, volatile collection of people who are engaged in…
a collection of people who have little in common with one ano…
ways of thinking, feeling, and acting that develop among a la…
an approach to crowd behavior that emphasizes the part played…
acting crowd
an excited, volatile collection of people who are engaged in…
casual crowd
a collection of people who have little in common with one ano…
13 terms
Sociology: social/cultural change
Cultural lag
Social Movement
Ideology
Vested interest
A situation in which some aspects of the culture change less…
A long-term conscious effort to promote or prevent social cha…
A set or system of beliefs that justifies the social, moral,…
When a person resists any change that threatens their securit…
Cultural lag
A situation in which some aspects of the culture change less…
Social Movement
A long-term conscious effort to promote or prevent social cha…
35 terms
Sociology- Social Change
Achievement
Morality and Humanitarianism
Efficiency and Practicality
Religion
built by people who believed in individualism and competition…
built on faith belief in justice and equality and charity
believe that every problem has a solution
believe that there is a higher power
Achievement
built by people who believed in individualism and competition…
Morality and Humanitarianism
built on faith belief in justice and equality and charity
32 terms
Sociology - Social Change
participatory democracy
direct democracy
liberal democracies
monarchies
a system of democracy in which all members of a group or comm…
a form of participatory democracy that allows citizens to vot…
exist in countries where voters can choose between two or mor…
systems of government in which unelected kings or queens rule
participatory democracy
a system of democracy in which all members of a group or comm…
direct democracy
a form of participatory democracy that allows citizens to vot…
9 terms
Sociology and Social Change
b
a
b
a
The original purpose of the Festinger and Carlsmith experimen…
In the Festinger-Carlsmith experiment, participants had to pe…
The Festinger-Carlsmith experiment did not have a control gro…
The group in the Festinger-Carlsmith experiment that was most…
b
The original purpose of the Festinger and Carlsmith experimen…
a
In the Festinger-Carlsmith experiment, participants had to pe…
15 terms
Sociology 121 Social Change
social change
contextual analysis
historical materialism
Karl Marx
the modification of structure or cultural pattern over time
taking into account the particular historical and social envi…
a theory suggesting that the economic base of a society is th…
Who comes up with historical materialism?
social change
the modification of structure or cultural pattern over time
contextual analysis
taking into account the particular historical and social envi…
10 terms
Sociology: Social Change
Modernism
Conservatism
Postmodernism
Evolution
the concept that what is modern or new will automatically be…
views social change as potentially more destructive, especial…
is a model of social change that recognizes that change can b…
is a model of social change in which change is seen as an adj…
Modernism
the concept that what is modern or new will automatically be…
Conservatism
views social change as potentially more destructive, especial…
20 terms
Sociology Final Social Change
sociocultural evolution
social change
pragmatic
social revolution
society moves forward by looking from different perspective
changes in the way society is organized, beliefs and or pract…
shift from one way of thinking to another
large uprising must occur for change
sociocultural evolution
society moves forward by looking from different perspective
social change
changes in the way society is organized, beliefs and or pract…
35 terms
Sociology (Social Change)
Social Change
3 Different Perspectives on Social Cha…
Evolutionary Theory
Equilibrium Model
-The result of a collective behavior, including Social moveme…
- Evolutionary Theory... - Equilibrium Model... - Conflict Theory
Changes in society moves towards a superior or improved end-p…
As changes occur in one area of society, adjustments must be…
Social Change
-The result of a collective behavior, including Social moveme…
3 Different Perspectives on Social Cha…
- Evolutionary Theory... - Equilibrium Model... - Conflict Theory
Sociology - Social movements and change
Social Movements
Social movement methods
Social change
Alternative movements - Limited change…
An organized activity that encourages or discourages social c…
Protest marches: public gatherings e.g. pro- and anti- climat…
the alteration of culture and social institutions over time,…
Groups that encourage individuals to change their own behavio…
Social Movements
An organized activity that encourages or discourages social c…
Social movement methods
Protest marches: public gatherings e.g. pro- and anti- climat…
15 terms
Sociology Social Change
social change
social trend
crowd behavior
historical materialism
the modification of structure or cultural patterns over time…
many individuals act independently but similarly... ex. UGGS... **d…
not organized, no leadership... ex. riots, mob
suggests that the economic base of society is the primary for…
social change
the modification of structure or cultural patterns over time…
social trend
many individuals act independently but similarly... ex. UGGS... **d…
15 terms
Sociology Social Change and the Environment
social change
modernization
triadic division of the globe
dialectical process of history
the alteration of cultures and societies over time
the transformation of traditional societies to industrial ones
Japan-centered East, Germany-centered Europe, US-centered wes…
each thesis contains antitheses which make the arrangement un…
social change
the alteration of cultures and societies over time
modernization
the transformation of traditional societies to industrial ones
22 terms
Sociology: Social Change and the Environment
Social Change*
How Social Change Transforms Social Life
Geopolitics*
Geopolitics since WWII
The alteration of culture and societies over time
-When technology changes so does social life... The first social…
Shifting economic and political relationships among the world…
-WWII marked the end of the British empire... -New alignment of…
Social Change*
The alteration of culture and societies over time
How Social Change Transforms Social Life
-When technology changes so does social life... The first social…
15 terms
Sociology Social Change and the Environment
social change
modernization
triadic division of the globe
dialectical process of history
the alteration of cultures and societies over time
the transformation of traditional societies to industrial ones
Japan-centered East, Germany-centered Europe, US-centered wes…
each thesis contains antitheses which make the arrangement un…
social change
the alteration of cultures and societies over time
modernization
the transformation of traditional societies to industrial ones
16 terms
sociology social change
what is a postindustrial society?
what do functionalists say about inequ…
at what speed do functionalists think…
what do functionalists say about socia…
a society that does not primarily produce goods, but provides…
it is functional, there is no problem
slowly
-it is slow and adaptive... -does not morally evaluate change... -p…
what is a postindustrial society?
a society that does not primarily produce goods, but provides…
what do functionalists say about inequ…
it is functional, there is no problem
44 terms
sociology unit 4 social change
collectivity
collective behavior
crowd
mob
lg. # of people whose activity occurs in the absence of well-…
activity involving a large number of people; often spontaneou…
temporary gathering of people who share a common focus & infl…
highly emotional crowd that pursues a violent or destructive…
collectivity
lg. # of people whose activity occurs in the absence of well-…
collective behavior
activity involving a large number of people; often spontaneou…
35 terms
Sociology--Social Change
conservatism
barbarism
civilization
Cycle of civilization
one of the interpretations of social change. views progress a…
the second stage of social human evolution on the way to mode…
the third and final stage of human evolution of all societies…
the supposed rise and falling of civilization in predictable…
conservatism
one of the interpretations of social change. views progress a…
barbarism
the second stage of social human evolution on the way to mode…
12 terms
Sociology Social Change
Social Change
Modernity
Modernization
Post-Modernity
The transformation of culture and social institutions over ti…
Social patterns resulting from industrialization.
The process of social change begun by industrialization.
Social patterns characteristic of postindustrial societies.
Social Change
The transformation of culture and social institutions over ti…
Modernity
Social patterns resulting from industrialization.
12 terms
AQA Sociology: The family, social structure and social change
nuclear family
right-wing
household
heterosexual
a couple (classically defined as heterosexual) and their depe…
those who support political or social or economic conservatis…
a person or group of people living in the same residence
Attracted to the opposite sex
nuclear family
a couple (classically defined as heterosexual) and their depe…
right-wing
those who support political or social or economic conservatis…
13 terms
Social Science: Sociology (Social Change)
Social change
Cultural Lag
Social movement
Reform movements
___ ___ is transition within a society.
Varying degrees of change within a society is a condition kno…
A ___ ___ is an organized effort on the part of many people t…
___ ___ seek to bring about change by using the current syste…
Social change
___ ___ is transition within a society.
Cultural Lag
Varying degrees of change within a society is a condition kno…
15 terms
Sociology - Social Change & Technology
Relative Deprivation
social change
vested interests
resource mobilization
the conscious feeling of a negative discrepancy(similarities)…
significant alteration over time in behavior patterns and cul…
those people or groups who will suffer in the event of social…
the ways in which a social movement utilizes such resources a…
Relative Deprivation
the conscious feeling of a negative discrepancy(similarities)…
social change
significant alteration over time in behavior patterns and cul…
7 terms
Sociology- Social Change
explain the connection between social…
internal v. external conflicts
paradigm
normal science
social change happens because of individuals; they move the w…
internal conflicts occur within scientific communities; exter…
a framework of reality within which scientists operate; parad…
is science that is conducted within the understandings, rules…
explain the connection between social…
social change happens because of individuals; they move the w…
internal v. external conflicts
internal conflicts occur within scientific communities; exter…
24 terms
sociology social change
Functionalists on social change
conflict theorists on social change
social movements
collective behavior
social change will occur, often in an adaptive, evolutionary…
social change will happen, driven either by those in power or…
purposeful, organized groups striving to work toward a common…
non-institutionalized activity in which several people volunt…
Functionalists on social change
social change will occur, often in an adaptive, evolutionary…
conflict theorists on social change
social change will happen, driven either by those in power or…
12 terms
Social Change (Sociology)
Discoveries
main barriers to scientific change
barrier to technological change
Normal science
come from individual efforts, but these efforts are organized…
Internal conflict within scientific communities - but more of…
paradigms
science that is conducted within the understandings, rules an…
Discoveries
come from individual efforts, but these efforts are organized…
main barriers to scientific change
Internal conflict within scientific communities - but more of…
33 terms
Sociology Test- Social Change
Social change
Reasons for social change
Population
Demography
new societal behaviors with important long-term consequences
migration/movement, war, media, population changes, technolog…
a group of people living in a particular place at a specific…
scientific study of population
Social change
new societal behaviors with important long-term consequences
Reasons for social change
migration/movement, war, media, population changes, technolog…
27 terms
Sociology, Population and Social change
Thomas Robert Malthus
4 Characteristics of social change
Pre-industrial stage
Early Industrial stage
He was a pessimist. He warned that population growth would ou…
1. Social change happens all the time.... 2. Social change can b…
Fertility and death rates were high. This equated to a steady…
Death rates declined and as a result growth of birth rates in…
Thomas Robert Malthus
He was a pessimist. He warned that population growth would ou…
4 Characteristics of social change
1. Social change happens all the time.... 2. Social change can b…
12 terms
sociology powerpoint: social change
what does POET stand for?
since 1967, the US has been a predomin…
service work accounts for ... % of the…
worldwide, every .... (fraction) worke…
population, organization, environment, technology
service dominated
63%
1/10
what does POET stand for?
population, organization, environment, technology
since 1967, the US has been a predomin…
service dominated
9 terms
Sociology AS - Social change
why was the family a unit of production?
what was the family like pre industria…
what was the family like during indust…
loss of functions.
family worked together for goods and services.
extended family rather than nuclear.... the family was multi fun…
cottages and farms turned into factories. mechanisation and u…
no longer a production unit, jobs were replaced by schools, h…
why was the family a unit of production?
family worked together for goods and services.
what was the family like pre industria…
extended family rather than nuclear.... the family was multi fun…
23 terms
Sociology Final: Social Change
contextual analyses
crude birth rate
crude death rate
demographic divide
analyses that take into account the particular historical and…
the number of lives births per 1,000 people in a population
the number of deaths per 1,000 people in a population
the inequality in population and health conditions between ri…
contextual analyses
analyses that take into account the particular historical and…
crude birth rate
the number of lives births per 1,000 people in a population
17 terms
Sociology Social Change
Types of collective behavior?
What are some of the specific causes (…
What is collective behavior?
Contagion theory? be able to apply the…
Riot- illegal, prolonged outbreak of violent behavior directe…
Environmental pressures... Population changes... Technology changes…
Voluntary action by individuals that occurs in situations in…
People in collective situations often lose their individualit…
Types of collective behavior?
Riot- illegal, prolonged outbreak of violent behavior directe…
What are some of the specific causes (…
Environmental pressures... Population changes... Technology changes…
11 terms
Sociology Social Change
Evolutionary perspective?
Cyclical perspective?
Functionalist perspective?
Conflict perspective?
Societies evolve overtime. Become better
Societies grow then decline
Social change occurs slowly; adapting when necessary.
To increase/maintain power, or to reduce inequality
Evolutionary perspective?
Societies evolve overtime. Become better
Cyclical perspective?
Societies grow then decline
25 terms
Sociology Test (SOCIAL CHANGE)
Social Change
Fertility
Mortality
Migration
Any alteration of behavior patterns, social relationships or…
Birthrate
Death rate
A movement from one country or region to another
Social Change
Any alteration of behavior patterns, social relationships or…
Fertility
Birthrate
17 terms
Sociology Social Change Review
Define demography
What is included in demographics?
What is the difference between fertili…
What is the U.S. current birth rate?
Scientific study of population
Size (#), distribution (location), composition (groups), age…
Fertility is how many kids are born to women, and fecundity i…
1.87 children
Define demography
Scientific study of population
What is included in demographics?
Size (#), distribution (location), composition (groups), age…
16 terms
Religion and social change - sociology
Religion as a conservative force - 2 k…
Weber: religion as a force for change
'The spirit of capitalism'
Hinduism and Confucianism
- it is 'traditional' and upholds traditional beliefs about h…
believes that the religion of Calvinism helped to bring about…
Modern capitalism is unique because it is based on the system…
- weber argues that India and china were materially more adva…
Religion as a conservative force - 2 k…
- it is 'traditional' and upholds traditional beliefs about h…
Weber: religion as a force for change
believes that the religion of Calvinism helped to bring about…
24 terms
Sociology (Social Changes)
Collective Action
takes place when members of a group ar…
Mass collective action
convergence theory,
is a collaborative effort that takes place in groups and dive…
Crowd collective action
is collective action in which close physical proximity is not…
collective action happens when people with similar ideas and…
Collective Action
is a collaborative effort that takes place in groups and dive…
takes place when members of a group ar…
Crowd collective action
29 terms
Sociology - Social Movements and Social Change
acting crowds
alternative movements
assembling perspective
casual crowds
crowds of people whoare focused on a specific action or goal
social movements that limit themselves to self-improvement ch…
a theory that credits individuals in crowds as behaving as ra…
people who share close proximity without really interacting
acting crowds
crowds of people whoare focused on a specific action or goal
alternative movements
social movements that limit themselves to self-improvement ch…
9 terms
Sociological Theories (Social Change)
Tension and Adpation
Accumulation
Diffusion of innovations
Geography (Max Weber)
When one part of the social system changes, tension arises be…
The growth of human knowledge from generation to generation a…
A new development-an innovation- emerges in society. Two thin…
Capitalism developed in northwest Europe because river system…
Tension and Adpation
When one part of the social system changes, tension arises be…
Accumulation
The growth of human knowledge from generation to generation a…
10 terms
Sociology Ch. 15 Social change
social change
evolutionary theory
equilibrium model
vested interests
significant alteration over time in behavior patterns and cul…
a theory of social change that holds that society is moving a…
the view that society tends toward a state of stability or ba…
those people or groups who will suffer in the event of social…
social change
significant alteration over time in behavior patterns and cul…
evolutionary theory
a theory of social change that holds that society is moving a…
10 terms
Sociology Chapter 15 Social Change
social change
social evolution
equilibrium model
vested interests
involves significance alteration over time in behavior patter…
theory, societies perspective, traditional societies contain…
societys natural tendency is toward social order with change…
refer to those people or groups, who will suffer in the event…
social change
involves significance alteration over time in behavior patter…
social evolution
theory, societies perspective, traditional societies contain…
19 terms
Social Change Sociology Ch 16
Social Change
Collective Behavior
Rumor
Gossip
Transformations of societies and social institutions over time
The spontaneous and unstructured behavior of a large number o…
Unfounded information that people spread quickly
Rumors, often negative, about other people's personal lives
Social Change
Transformations of societies and social institutions over time
Collective Behavior
The spontaneous and unstructured behavior of a large number o…
28 terms
Sociology Chapter 16 - Social Change
social change
collective behavior
contagian theory
emergent norm theory
transformation of culture over time
when individuals converge in a shared action
the belief it's easy to become a mob while protesting
people are individuals in crowds and are capable of determini…
social change
transformation of culture over time
collective behavior
when individuals converge in a shared action
25 terms
Sociology Chapter 16: Social Change
Social change
3 ways of social change
Collective behavior
Contagion theory
the transformation of a culture over time; this can be delibe…
Major physical event (hurricanes, earthquakes, or volcanic er…
a group or crowd of people who form together to take action t…
Individuals who join a crowd or mob become "infected" by a mo…
Social change
the transformation of a culture over time; this can be delibe…
3 ways of social change
Major physical event (hurricanes, earthquakes, or volcanic er…
26 terms
AS Sociology (paradigm - social change)
paradigm
participant observation
personal documents
phenomenology
a set of ideas and beliefs which define existing knowledge, c…
when the researcher takes a role in the social situation unde…
a term referring to papers and documents which can be used by…
perspective. Husserl and Schutz. sociology should be concerne…
paradigm
a set of ideas and beliefs which define existing knowledge, c…
participant observation
when the researcher takes a role in the social situation unde…
19 terms
Sociology- Ch 15: Social Change
social change
social movement
alternative movement
redemptive movement
any significant modification or transformation of social stru…
an ongoing, goal-directed effort to challenge social institut…
those that focus on making small changes in individual belief…
those that aim to change individual beliefs or activities fun…
social change
any significant modification or transformation of social stru…
social movement
an ongoing, goal-directed effort to challenge social institut…
57 terms
Sociology: Social Change over Time
Migration
Immigrant
Immigration
Emigration
the physical movement from one area to another
a person who comes to live in a foreign country
the act of going to live in a foreign country
the act of leaving the place where you were born
Migration
the physical movement from one area to another
Immigrant
a person who comes to live in a foreign country
35 terms
Sociology: Collective behavior and social change
social change
collective behavior
crowd
mass
the alteration, modification, or transformation of public pol…
voluntary, often spontaneous activity that is engaged in by a…
a relatively large number of people who are in one another's…
a number of people who share an interest in a specific idea o…
social change
the alteration, modification, or transformation of public pol…
collective behavior
voluntary, often spontaneous activity that is engaged in by a…
52 terms
Sociology - Childhood - Social Construction & Changes
Childhood
Socially constructed
Childhood is not f_____?
'Seperateness'
Socially constructed
Created and defined by society
Fixed
Jane Pilcher (1995)
Childhood
Socially constructed
Socially constructed
Created and defined by society
36 terms
Sociology Ch. 22 Social Change
What is social change?
endogenous force
exogenous force
macro-level social change
variations over time in the ecological ordering of population…
pressure for social change that builds within a society
pressure for social change that is exerted from outside a soc…
1. tribes -creates new markets; newcomers to the village. Giv…
What is social change?
variations over time in the ecological ordering of population…
endogenous force
pressure for social change that builds within a society
15 terms
Sociology 101 Social Movements and Change
3 Models of Social Movements
Classical Model
Resource Mobilization Theory
Problems of RMT
Classical, Resource Mobilization, Political Process.
Structural weaknesses in society cause psychological disrupti…
Emphasizes political context and goals but social movements r…
Free-rider problem and less rational aspects of individual mo…
3 Models of Social Movements
Classical, Resource Mobilization, Political Process.
Classical Model
Structural weaknesses in society cause psychological disrupti…
21 terms
Chapter 16 Sociology: Social Change
social change
collective behavior
crowd
mob
the transformation of culture and social institutions over ti…
activity involving a large number of people that is unplanned…
a temporary gathering of people who share a common focus of a…
a highly emotional crowd that purses a violent or destructive…
social change
the transformation of culture and social institutions over ti…
collective behavior
activity involving a large number of people that is unplanned…
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