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Study sets matching "soil 1213"

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Study sets matching "soil 1213"

16 terms
Plant Soil 1213 Haggard OSU
Moldboard plow
Chisel plow
Disk plow
Sweep plow
Moldboard plow
Chisel plow
6 terms
PLNT 1213 Soil and Land
soil
composition of typical soil
soil development
soil horizon
unconsolidated material at or near the earths surface with pr…
50% soild matter... 45% minerals ... 25% air... 25% water ... 5% organic…
soil develops as a result of the combined efect of climate an…
a layer of soil parallel to the surface differing in characte…
soil
unconsolidated material at or near the earths surface with pr…
composition of typical soil
50% soild matter... 45% minerals ... 25% air... 25% water ... 5% organic…
180 terms
PLNT 1213: Plant and Soil Final Exam
Food Security
What are the 12 soil orders?
What is Oklahoma's state soil?
What is soil composed of?
when all people at all times have access to sufficient, safe,…
1. Alfisols... 2. Andisols... 3. Aridisols... 4. Entisols... 5. Gelisols…
port silt loam
1. Minerals (45%)... 2. Air (25%)... 3. Water (25%)... 4. Organic matt…
Food Security
when all people at all times have access to sufficient, safe,…
What are the 12 soil orders?
1. Alfisols... 2. Andisols... 3. Aridisols... 4. Entisols... 5. Gelisols…
54 terms
Crops of the World
Cotton
Cotton
Cotton
Cotton
Gossympium hirsutum
Cotton
Gossympium hirsutum
Cotton
114 terms
PLNT Soil Exam 3
Organic Matter
When do you need to apply Nitrogen?
Phosphorus
Sources of Phosphorus
Source of Organic Nitrogen, Potassium, and other elements and…
Pre-Plant, Apply all N before the crop season or at planting…
Used in energy storage and transfer (ATP) ... Seed Formation
Synthetic Fertilizers, Minerals, Organic Matter
Organic Matter
Source of Organic Nitrogen, Potassium, and other elements and…
When do you need to apply Nitrogen?
Pre-Plant, Apply all N before the crop season or at planting…
9 terms
Planting Implements
row crop planter
row crop planter
row crop planter
broadcast spreader
row crop planter
row crop planter
127 terms
PLNT 1213 Exam #4
Physiological maturity
Harvest maturity
Forage maturity
Grain Elevators (Marketing)
When the plant stops depositing energy in seeds (Plant reache…
when the moisture content of seeds is appropriate for process…
forages are harvested for hay before they reach physiological…
Price based on moisture and test weigh
Physiological maturity
When the plant stops depositing energy in seeds (Plant reache…
Harvest maturity
when the moisture content of seeds is appropriate for process…
Exam 2- PLNT 1213
Top 3 crops by tonnage
Top 3 crops by dollars
Maize facts
Rice facts
1. Sugar... 2. Maize... 3. Paddy rice
1. Paddy rice... 2. Wheat... 3. Soybeans
Scientific name: Zea mays... Family: Poaceae... Center of Origin: M…
Scientific name: Oryza sativa... Family: Poaceae... Center of Origi…
Top 3 crops by tonnage
1. Sugar... 2. Maize... 3. Paddy rice
Top 3 crops by dollars
1. Paddy rice... 2. Wheat... 3. Soybeans
12 terms
Monocot vs Dicot
Monocot
Monocot
Monocot
Dicot
Hypogeal Emergence
Linear Leaves
Fibrous Roots
Taproots
Monocot
Hypogeal Emergence
Monocot
Linear Leaves
108 terms
PLNT 1213 - Exam 3
Soybean Name
Soybean
Soybean
Soybean
Glycine max
Soybean Name
Glycine max
Soybean
20 terms
Plant 1213 Exam 4 Arnall
Physiological Maturity
Harvest Maturity
Look at Harvest lecture slide 4
Ideal Grain Moisture at harvest
When the plant stops depositing energy into seeds... - Plant re…
When the moisture content of seeds is appropriate for process…
...
Soybean= 13%... Corn= 15.5%... Sorghum=13%... Wheat= 13.5%... Rice=18%
Physiological Maturity
When the plant stops depositing energy into seeds... - Plant re…
Harvest Maturity
When the moisture content of seeds is appropriate for process…
14 terms
Weeds
Morningglories
Morningglories
Pigweed
Pigweed
Morningglories
Morningglories
14 terms
Harvest Implements
Small Grain Header on Combine
Corn Header on Combine
Corn Header on Combine
Cotton Picker
Small Grain Header on Combine
Corn Header on Combine
14 terms
Soil and Land
Unconsolidated material at the Earth's…
Composition of Soil
- A result of the combined effect of c…
- A layer of soil parallel to the surf…
Soil
50% Air and Water... 50% Minerals and Organic Matter
Soil Development
Soil Horizon
Unconsolidated material at the Earth's…
Soil
Composition of Soil
50% Air and Water... 50% Minerals and Organic Matter
20 terms
Tillage Implements
Moldboard Plow
Moldboard Plow
Moldboard Plow
Moldboard Plow
Moldboard Plow
Moldboard Plow
13 terms
Conservation Tillage
No Till
No Till
No Till
Ridge Till
No Till
No Till
PLNT 1213 Final Exam
Cotton (Name, Family, and Center of Or…
Peanut (Name, Family, and Center of Or…
Soybean (Name, Family, and Center of O…
Wheat (Name, Family, and Center of Ori…
Gossypium, Malvaceae, South America and South Africa (Differe…
Arches hypogaea, Fabaceae, South America
Glycine max, Legumes, China
Triticum aestivum, Poaceae, Fertile Crescent
Cotton (Name, Family, and Center of Or…
Gossypium, Malvaceae, South America and South Africa (Differe…
Peanut (Name, Family, and Center of Or…
Arches hypogaea, Fabaceae, South America
20 terms
Final Review for PLNT 1213
Food Security
Twelve soil order
State soil of Oklahoma
What makes a soil a soil
Knowing you have food includes monetary and physical ability…
Alfisols, Andiols, Aridisols, Histosols, Entisols, Gelisols,…
Port Silt Loam
Soil consists of mineral matter, organic matter, water and ai…
Food Security
Knowing you have food includes monetary and physical ability…
Twelve soil order
Alfisols, Andiols, Aridisols, Histosols, Entisols, Gelisols,…
23 terms
Cropping Systems
Mixtures
Mixtures
Monoculture
Monoculture
Mixtures
Mixtures
186 terms
Exam 4 Plant and Soil
Physiological Maturity
Example of physiological maturity?
Harvest Maturity
What is dry down after physiological m…
When plant stops depositing energy in seeds
Plant reaches maximum dry weight
When moisture content of seeds is appropriate for processing…
Evaporative moisture loss
Physiological Maturity
When plant stops depositing energy in seeds
Example of physiological maturity?
Plant reaches maximum dry weight
21 terms
Overview
Combine
Picker or Stripper
Digger
Combine with Corn Header
Used to harvest grains
Used to harvest cotton
Used to harvest peanuts
Combine
Used to harvest grains
Picker or Stripper
Used to harvest cotton
5 terms
PLNT 1213 - Canola (Final)
Canola name
Uses
Center of origin
Soil
Brassica napus
Oil, food products, cosmetics, soap, inks
Himalayans and/or Mediterranean region
Canola does not tolerate water logged conditions
Canola name
Brassica napus
Uses
Oil, food products, cosmetics, soap, inks
168 terms
Plant and Soil Exam 2
What are the three major crops of the…
How much of the calories consumed on e…
What are the top five by tonnage?
What are the top five by dollars?
Wheat, Rice, Maize
60%
Sugar, Maize, Patty Rice, Wheat, Potatoes
Paddy Rice, Wheat, Soybean, Tomatoes, Sugar Cane
What are the three major crops of the…
Wheat, Rice, Maize
How much of the calories consumed on e…
60%
80 terms
Plant & Soil Science Final
Plant
Taxonomy
Kingdom
Species
A living organism that has the capacity to make its own food…
The classification of living things
The first stage of classification
The most specific stage in the taxonomic hierarchy for an org…
Plant
A living organism that has the capacity to make its own food…
Taxonomy
The classification of living things
10 terms
PLNT 1213 - Sesame (Final)
Sesame (name)
Originated from
Grown where
Use
Sesamum indicum
East africa
China, India, Myanmar, Sudan, Uganda ... US: Texas, Arizona, New…
Oil
Sesame (name)
Sesamum indicum
Originated from
East africa
51 terms
PLNT-1213 EXAM 2 (Growth & Development)
5 stages of plant development
The pre-step to germination is called...
Any process of breaking, scratching, o…
Scarification in nature:
Germination... Emergence... Vegetative growth... Reproductive growth... S…
Dormancy
Scarification
Microbial action, wildfire, freeze/thaw cycles
5 stages of plant development
Germination... Emergence... Vegetative growth... Reproductive growth... S…
The pre-step to germination is called...
Dormancy
29 terms
PLNT 1213 Exam 4
Plant in March, Seed head in July, and…
Disease only occurs if?
Mobile
Immobile
Corn Harvest
Susceptible Host, Favorable Environment, Virulent Pathogen
shows up lower in older leaves first
Shows up in higher newer leaves first
Plant in March, Seed head in July, and…
Corn Harvest
Disease only occurs if?
Susceptible Host, Favorable Environment, Virulent Pathogen
155 terms
PLNT 1213 Exam 3
Natural Ecosystem
Natural Ecosystem Characteristics
Agroecosystem
Agroecosystem Characteristics
A biological community interacting with the environment
Diversity... Equilibrium... Nutrient cycling
A community of selected plants and/or animals interacting wit…
Limited Diversity... Constant Disruption... Nutrient losses repleni…
Natural Ecosystem
A biological community interacting with the environment
Natural Ecosystem Characteristics
Diversity... Equilibrium... Nutrient cycling
114 terms
Plant and Soil Science Final Exam
Food Security
Oklahoma State Soil?
What soil order is in Oklahoma?
Soil consists of?
Exists when all people at all times have access to sufficient…
Port Silt Loam
Mollisol
-mineral matter... -organic matter ... -water... -air
Food Security
Exists when all people at all times have access to sufficient…
Oklahoma State Soil?
Port Silt Loam
28 terms
PLNT 1213 Plant Nutrition
Criteria for plant essential element
Elements plants need
Non-mineral nutrients
Macronutrients
-The plant cannot complete its life cycle without these eleme…
H, B, C, N, O, Mg, P, S, Cl, K, Ca, Mn, Fe, Ni, Cu, Zn, Mo
-Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen... -plant gets them from air/water
-Nitrogen, phosphorous, potassium, sulfur, calcium, magnesium…
Criteria for plant essential element
-The plant cannot complete its life cycle without these eleme…
Elements plants need
H, B, C, N, O, Mg, P, S, Cl, K, Ca, Mn, Fe, Ni, Cu, Zn, Mo
102 terms
Plant 1213 Arnall Final
Food Security
Population Distribution
How many soil orders are there?
What does soil consist of?
- Exists when all people at all times have access to sufficie…
South East Asia
12
-Mineral matter... -Organic matter ... -water... -air
Food Security
- Exists when all people at all times have access to sufficie…
Population Distribution
South East Asia
52 terms
Plant and soil exam 3
Natural ecology
Natural ecosystem characteristics
Agroecosystem
Agroecosystem characteristics
A biological community interacting with the environment.
Diversity... Equilibrium... Nutrient cycling
A community of selected plants and/or animals interacting wit…
Limited diversity... Constant disruption... Nutrient losses repleni…
Natural ecology
A biological community interacting with the environment.
Natural ecosystem characteristics
Diversity... Equilibrium... Nutrient cycling
15 terms
PLNT 1213 Exam 1 Plant Morphology
Linear Leaves with Parallel Veins
Fibrous Root System
Leaves with Netted Venation
Taproot System
Monocot
all roots are same size
Dicot
one root larger than the other
Linear Leaves with Parallel Veins
Monocot
Fibrous Root System
all roots are same size
24 terms
PLNT 1213 agroecosystems
agroecosystem
natural ecosystem
agroecosystem production
leibig's law of the minimum
a community of selected plants and/or animals interacting wit…
a biological community interacting with the environment ... cha…
-yield production: the max production capacity of a crop ... -re…
most limiting factor determines yield potential of a given pl…
agroecosystem
a community of selected plants and/or animals interacting wit…
natural ecosystem
a biological community interacting with the environment ... cha…
20 terms
PLNT 1213 Tillage
Tillage
Why do we till?
Soil Condition
Crusting
Agricultural preparation of soil by mechanical agitation, suc…
-Improve soil... -Shape soil... -Pest management
Improve seed to soil contact
Tillage is the cause and the cure (till -> heavy rain -> crust)
Tillage
Agricultural preparation of soil by mechanical agitation, suc…
Why do we till?
-Improve soil... -Shape soil... -Pest management
34 terms
PLNT tillage and soil conservation
tillage
why till?
soil condition *
crusting
the agricultural preparation of soil by mechanical agitation,…
-improve soil conditions... -shape soil... -pest management (insect…
improves seed/soil contact ... influences soil structure... -water…
tillage is cause and cure ... 1. you till to prepare the seedbe…
tillage
the agricultural preparation of soil by mechanical agitation,…
why till?
-improve soil conditions... -shape soil... -pest management (insect…
14 terms
PLNT1213 - Peanut (Final)
Center of origin
Top US producer
Types of peanuts
Spanish
South america
Georgia
1. Spanish... 2. Virginia... 3. Runner... 4. Valencia
Salted nuts... Candy... Small... Red/brown
Center of origin
South america
Top US producer
Georgia
PLNT 1213- Final
Scientific name of the peanut
Top peanut producer in U.S
Peanuts are grown on ___ acres in U.S.
Oklahoma peanut production
Arachis hypogaea L.
Georgia
~1.2 million
8th in U.S.
Scientific name of the peanut
Arachis hypogaea L.
Top peanut producer in U.S
Georgia
68 terms
Plant and Soil Chapter 1 Exam
Warm Season Crops (C4s)
What are examples of warm season crops?
Cool Season Crops (C3s)
What are examples of cool season crops?
1) Begin growing in late spring and grow until the temperatur…
Maze, bermudagrass, cotton
1)Begin growing in autumn or early spring ... 2) Often tolerant…
Wheat, tall fescue, canola, soybean
Warm Season Crops (C4s)
1) Begin growing in late spring and grow until the temperatur…
What are examples of warm season crops?
Maze, bermudagrass, cotton
116 terms
PLNT 1213 Exam 3 Haggard
Liebig's Law of the Minimum
Non-mineral
What are the 3 non-mineral nutrients
The 17 plant essential nutrients
Whichever input is limiting in the environment will limit yie…
the plant gets the nutrients from air and water.
C, H, and O
CHOPKNS CaFe Mg B Mn Cl CuZn MoNi
Liebig's Law of the Minimum
Whichever input is limiting in the environment will limit yie…
Non-mineral
the plant gets the nutrients from air and water.
84 terms
PLNT 1213
plant growth process
translocation
transpiration
recall: plant growth
respiration, photosynthesis, translocation, and transpiration
transport of sugars + other molecules through the phloem from…
water movement from the roots to the leaves through the xylem…
plant growth occurs through the increase in cell number and s…
plant growth process
respiration, photosynthesis, translocation, and transpiration
translocation
transport of sugars + other molecules through the phloem from…
49 terms
PLNT 1213 Final
Where and when soybeans were originated
Soybeans are often grown in rotations…
When do soybeans perform best?
At what percent moisture should soybea…
China in 2800s BC
corn, cotton, and small grains
When following a grass crop
13%
Where and when soybeans were originated
China in 2800s BC
Soybeans are often grown in rotations…
corn, cotton, and small grains
24 terms
Tillage and Soil Conservation
Tillage
Tillage benefits
Soil condition
Crusting
The agricultural preparation of soil by mechanical agitation,…
Improve soil condition... Shape Soil... Pest management (insects, d…
Improves seed/soil contact... Influences soil structure... Avoid cr…
Tillage is the cause and cure
Tillage
The agricultural preparation of soil by mechanical agitation,…
Tillage benefits
Improve soil condition... Shape Soil... Pest management (insects, d…
38 terms
PLNT 1213 Exam #3 (Old Review #2)
Agricultural Preparation of soil by me…
What is an advantage of tilling?
A no-till farmer reports an increase i…
What environmental situation might cau…
Tillage
Improves seed/soil contact
The fungal spores can live on the vegetative residue on the s…
The seeds can be planted in soil that contains moisture
Agricultural Preparation of soil by me…
Tillage
What is an advantage of tilling?
Improves seed/soil contact
38 terms
OSU Plant 1213 Test 2
Growing Degree Formula
Incomplete vs. complete flowers
Perfect vs. Imperfect
3 parts of seed
[(Tmax+Tmin)/2]-Tbase
Incomplete- Missin 1 or more parts; grasses... Complete- have al…
Perfect- flowers that have both the stamen and the pistil... Imp…
Embryo[baby], endosperm[lunch], testa(seed coat)[box]
Growing Degree Formula
[(Tmax+Tmin)/2]-Tbase
Incomplete vs. complete flowers
Incomplete- Missin 1 or more parts; grasses... Complete- have al…
82 terms
PLNT 1213 Haggard Final
Viability, purity, vigor, presence of…
Which of the following statements is n…
Which of these is the least precise wa…
Sesame can be planted behind which of…
Seed Quality
A. They are less important than macronutrients.
A. Broadcast Spreader
B. Failed Cotton
Viability, purity, vigor, presence of…
Seed Quality
Which of the following statements is n…
A. They are less important than macronutrients.
194 terms
PLNT 1213 Exam 2
Warm Season Crops
Warm Season Crops
Warm Season Crops
Cool Season Crops
Begin growing in late spring; grow until temperatures begin t…
Likely to be injured by low temps
Ex: Maize, bermuda grass, cotton
Begin growing in autumn or early spring; usually reach maturi…
Warm Season Crops
Begin growing in late spring; grow until temperatures begin t…
Warm Season Crops
Likely to be injured by low temps
13 terms
PLNT 1213 Exam 1 Agronomy
Agronomy
Early Agronomic Practices
Models of Agriculture
Sustainable
The science and technology of producing and using plants for…
Domestication of Plants, Irrigation, Hand Tools, Terraces
Conventional, Sustainable
A system which strives to view agriculture as an entire syste…
Agronomy
The science and technology of producing and using plants for…
Early Agronomic Practices
Domestication of Plants, Irrigation, Hand Tools, Terraces
26 terms
PLNT 1213 Exam 3 (Old review #1)
Organic Fertilizers (manure) can be co…
What are the nutrients required in sma…
What is soil tilth?
Which of the following is not consider…
Nitrogen and phosphorus
Micronutrients
Physical conditions of the soil
Loam
Organic Fertilizers (manure) can be co…
Nitrogen and phosphorus
What are the nutrients required in sma…
Micronutrients
130 terms
Plant 1213 Exam 3 Arnall
Natural Ecosystem
Agroecosystem
Yield Potential
Leibig's Law of the Minimum
A biological community interacting with the environment ... Div…
A community of selected plants and/ or animals interacting wi…
The maximum production capacity of a crop ... Result of interac…
The most limiting factors determines yield potential of a giv…
Natural Ecosystem
A biological community interacting with the environment ... Div…
Agroecosystem
A community of selected plants and/ or animals interacting wi…
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