Study sets matching "soil chapter 14"

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Study sets matching "soil chapter 14"

22 terms
Chapter 14 -Soil- Vocab
Soil
Weathering process
Topography
Humus
the complex mixture of loose material including minerals, org…
The disintegration of tics by the action of the weather, plan…
A regions features: such as its rivers, mountains, valleys, a…
dark, organic material formed in soil from the decayed remain…
Soil
the complex mixture of loose material including minerals, org…
Weathering process
The disintegration of tics by the action of the weather, plan…
11 terms
Chapter 14: Soil Resources
A-horizon
B-horizon
E-horizon
O-horizon
The topsoil; located just beneath the O-horizon of the soil.…
The light-colored, partially weathered soil layer underneath…
A heavily leached soil area that sometimes develops between t…
The uppermost layer of certain soils. composed of dead leaves…
A-horizon
The topsoil; located just beneath the O-horizon of the soil.…
B-horizon
The light-colored, partially weathered soil layer underneath…
43 terms
Environmental Studies - Chapter 14 - Soil
Soil
weathering processes
topography
humus
The uppermost layer of Earth's crust, which supports terrestr…
A biological, chemical, or physical process that helps form s…
the surface features of a place or region. The topography of…
black or dark-brown organic material that remains after much…
Soil
The uppermost layer of Earth's crust, which supports terrestr…
weathering processes
A biological, chemical, or physical process that helps form s…
23 terms
Chapter 14: Soil
soil
soil forming factors include:
what is soil made up of?
ecosystem services
uppermost layers of earth's crust that supports plants, anima…
parent material, climate, time, topography, organisms
45% of soil is made up of mineral particles, 5% is made up of…
important environmental benefits that ecosystems provide
soil
uppermost layers of earth's crust that supports plants, anima…
soil forming factors include:
parent material, climate, time, topography, organisms
5 terms
Chapter 14 Food and Soil Resources
3 Most Important Crops
Industrialized Agriculture
Plantation Agriculture
Traditional Subsistence Agriculture
...
...
...
...
3 Most Important Crops
...
Industrialized Agriculture
...
33 terms
APES Chapter 14: Soil
Soil
Topography
Humus
Leaching
the relatively thin surface layer of the Earth's crust consis…
a region's surface features
partly decomposed organic material in the soil; brown or blac…
removal of dissolved material from the soil by water percolat…
Soil
the relatively thin surface layer of the Earth's crust consis…
Topography
a region's surface features
44 terms
CHAPTER 14 SOIL RESOURCES
soil
soil forming factors
parent material
plant thickness (with latitude)
this surface layer of the earths crust, consisting of mineral…
parent material, plant thickness, organisms, topography
rock, is broken down by biological/physical/chemical weatheri…
at the poles- very little can survive in extremes... at the trop…
soil
this surface layer of the earths crust, consisting of mineral…
soil forming factors
parent material, plant thickness, organisms, topography
29 terms
Chapter 14: Soil Resources
state factors
weathering processes
topography
humus
determine the state of the soil system
rock that is slowly broken down, or fragmented, into smaller…
a region's surface features
the black or dark-brown organic material that remains after m…
state factors
determine the state of the soil system
weathering processes
rock that is slowly broken down, or fragmented, into smaller…
Chapter 14 Soil Resources
Soil
Soil Composition
Pore Spaces
Soil Organsims
Upper most layer of Earth's Crust. It supports Plants, animal…
Minerals form weathered rock and organic material.
occupy 50% of soils volume and are filled with air or water.…
In 1 tsp of soil there are millions of microorganisms. provid…
Soil
Upper most layer of Earth's Crust. It supports Plants, animal…
Soil Composition
Minerals form weathered rock and organic material.
50 terms
Chapter 14 Soil Resources
soil
state factors
weathering processes
topography
the uppermost layer of Earth's crust, which supports terrestr…
conditions that affect soil formation; include mineral type,…
biological, chemical, or physical processes that helps form s…
a region's surface features, such as the presence or absence…
soil
the uppermost layer of Earth's crust, which supports terrestr…
state factors
conditions that affect soil formation; include mineral type,…
23 terms
Chapter 14: Soil Resources
soil
soil formation
4 components of the soil system
inorganic materials
uppermost layer of the Earth's crust, which supports terrestr…
involves interactions among give main state factors: parent m…
inorganic material, organic materials, soil air, soil water
provides anchorage and essential nutrient minerals for plants…
soil
uppermost layer of the Earth's crust, which supports terrestr…
soil formation
involves interactions among give main state factors: parent m…
Chapter 14 soil resources
Soil
State factors
Weather process
Topography
Uppermost layer of earth which supports plants and animals
Determines the state they are in , material, climate, typogra…
Broken down into smaller materials
Regions surface features also involving soil formation
Soil
Uppermost layer of earth which supports plants and animals
State factors
Determines the state they are in , material, climate, typogra…
28 terms
Chapter 14: Soil Resources
soil
State factors
weathering processes
Topography
The uppermost layer of Earth's crust, which supports terrestr…
Factors that determine the state of the soil system. They inc…
Rock is slowly broken down into smaller particles by biologic…
A region's surface features
soil
The uppermost layer of Earth's crust, which supports terrestr…
State factors
Factors that determine the state of the soil system. They inc…
Chapter 14 - Soil Resources
Soil
State Factors: Soil-Forming Factors…
Soil-Forming (just look over this)
Topography
the uppermost layer of the Erth's crust, it is a thin surface…
they determine the state of the soil system (five main state…
1. Soil is formed from parent material (rock) that is slowl…
A region's surface features, such as the presence or absence…
Soil
the uppermost layer of the Erth's crust, it is a thin surface…
State Factors: Soil-Forming Factors…
they determine the state of the soil system (five main state…
52 terms
Enviro: Chapter 14 - Soil Resources
What is soil?
What are the five main state factors i…
State factors: Parental material
State factors: Climate & Organisms
•Uppermost layer of Earth's crust... •Supports terrestrial plant…
1. Parental material... 2. Climate... 3. Topography ... 4. Organisms... 5…
•Rock that is slowly broken down (fragmented) ... •Broken down t…
•Plant roots & soil organism respiration produces CO2... ◦Diffu…
What is soil?
•Uppermost layer of Earth's crust... •Supports terrestrial plant…
What are the five main state factors i…
1. Parental material... 2. Climate... 3. Topography ... 4. Organisms... 5…
46 terms
Chapter 14 Soil - APES
When parent rock material is exposed t…
Any physical breaking down of the rock…
When chemicals come in contact with th…
When small organisms begin breaking do…
How is soil formed?
What is mechanical weathering?
What is chemical weathering?
What is biological weathering?
When parent rock material is exposed t…
How is soil formed?
Any physical breaking down of the rock…
What is mechanical weathering?
Chapter 14: Soil Resources
What is soil?
what is parent material?
soil formation is a continuous process…
Name two factors essential to weatheri…
Soil is the relatively think surface layer of earth's crust c…
rock that is slowly broken down by biological, chemical or ph…
the earth's crust and the biosphere.
organisms and climate.
What is soil?
Soil is the relatively think surface layer of earth's crust c…
what is parent material?
rock that is slowly broken down by biological, chemical or ph…
Unit 7- Protecting Land and Soil, Soil Conservation, and Biodiversity (Chapter 14)
point source
nonpoint source
biodegradable
natural resource
A specific source of pollution that can be easily identified.
A widespread or unknown source of pollution.
Breaks down by natural resources and forms harmless substances.
Anything in the environment that humans use.
point source
A specific source of pollution that can be easily identified.
nonpoint source
A widespread or unknown source of pollution.
10 terms
Chapter 14: Soil Erosion
Why is soil erosion perceived as not a…
Which of the following is an erodibili…
What does the following equation estim…
Although there are many soil erosion m…
Only occurs infrequently in dramatic events.
Vegetation
Soil erosion by raindrop impact and surface runoff.
Lack of reliable soil erosion data.
Why is soil erosion perceived as not a…
Only occurs infrequently in dramatic events.
Which of the following is an erodibili…
Vegetation
APES Chapter 14 Food and Soil Resources
Why is most of the countries in the wo…
What is significant about China's farm…
1) 1 out of _____ people in developed…
What is one way that government agricu…
E. all pg275
B. Produce a little more than they use pg275
c) 6
e) By upgrading farming agriculture techniques
Why is most of the countries in the wo…
E. all pg275
What is significant about China's farm…
B. Produce a little more than they use pg275
9 terms
Chapter 14: Soil Resources
desertifacation
salinization
conservation tillage
crop rotation
degradation of rangeland, agricultural land, or tropical dry…
the gradual accumulation of of salt in a soil
residues from previous crops are left in the soil
the planting of a series of different crops in the same field…
desertifacation
degradation of rangeland, agricultural land, or tropical dry…
salinization
the gradual accumulation of of salt in a soil
30 terms
Chapter 14 Soil Resources
What are some impacts of mining?
What is soil made of?
Why is soil the key to terrestrial life?
What are the factors that contribute t…
Collapse/ landslides... Natural habitat degradation... Social explo…
Sediment... Organic material... Liquids... Gases... Micro/macroscopic org…
because they support almost all plant growth
Parent Material... Climate... Plants and animal life... Landscape posi…
What are some impacts of mining?
Collapse/ landslides... Natural habitat degradation... Social explo…
What is soil made of?
Sediment... Organic material... Liquids... Gases... Micro/macroscopic org…
10 terms
Chapter 14: Soil Erosion
Why is soil erosion perceived as not a…
which of the following is an erodibili…
What does the following equation estim…
Although there are many soil erosion m…
only occurs infrequently in dramatic events
vegetation
soil erosion by raindrop impact and surface runoff
lack of reliable soil erosion data
Why is soil erosion perceived as not a…
only occurs infrequently in dramatic events
which of the following is an erodibili…
vegetation
57 terms
Chapter 14 - Soils
Soil
Soil science
Pedology
Edaphology
Dynamic natural body made of fine particles in which plants g…
interdisciplinary study of soils involving: physics, biology,…
Study the origin, classification, distribution, and descripti…
Study of soil as a medium for sustaining the growth of higher…
Soil
Dynamic natural body made of fine particles in which plants g…
Soil science
interdisciplinary study of soils involving: physics, biology,…
Chapter 14 (Soils)
Definition of Soil
Soil formation processes
Soil Horizons
Soil Texture
A three dimensional living matrix comprised of mineral, chemi…
When parent rock material is exposed to the atmosphere or whe…
A soil horizon is a layer generally parallel to the soil surf…
Soil texture is a qualitative classification tool used in bot…
Definition of Soil
A three dimensional living matrix comprised of mineral, chemi…
Soil formation processes
When parent rock material is exposed to the atmosphere or whe…
Chapter 14 - Food and Soil Resources
What % of agriculture is organic in Ca…
What % of our food comes from cropland…
Which 3 crops provide over 90% of calo…
Traditional subsistence versus traditi…
1.8%
C: 77... R: 16... OF: 7
Wheat, corn, rice
Intensive involves more labour and fertilizer to increase yie…
What % of agriculture is organic in Ca…
1.8%
What % of our food comes from cropland…
C: 77... R: 16... OF: 7
APES Chapter 14: Food and Soil Resources
industrialized agriculture
high-input agriculture
plantation agriculture
traditional subsistence agriculture
Using large inputs of energy from fossil fuels (especially oi…
See industrialized agriculture.
Growing specialized crops such as bananas, coffee, and cacao…
Production of enough crops or livestock for a farm family's s…
industrialized agriculture
Using large inputs of energy from fossil fuels (especially oi…
high-input agriculture
See industrialized agriculture.
APES Chapter 14: Food and Soil Resources
industrialized agriculture
high-input agriculture
plantation agriculture
traditional subsistence agriculture
Using large inputs of energy from fossil fuels (especially oi…
See industrialized agriculture.
Growing specialized crops such as bananas, coffee, and cacao…
Production of enough crops or livestock for a farm family's s…
industrialized agriculture
Using large inputs of energy from fossil fuels (especially oi…
high-input agriculture
See industrialized agriculture.
25 terms
Soil Section (supplement to chapter 14)
What is soil made up of?
How does soil formation begin?
Bedrock is broken down by what?
What is the base of life on land?
eroded rock, mineral nutrients, decaying organic matter, wate…
bedrock is slowly broken down into small fragments and partic…
physical, chemical and biological weathering
soil
What is soil made up of?
eroded rock, mineral nutrients, decaying organic matter, wate…
How does soil formation begin?
bedrock is slowly broken down into small fragments and partic…
16 terms
Chapter 14: Canada's Soil and Natural Vegetation Connections
Soil
Humus
Soil Profile
Leaching
Surface layer of Earth, composed of mineral and organic mater…
Dark, upper layer of soil made up of partially decayed plant…
Different horizons (layers) in the soil and the rock layer (b…
Removal of minerals from soil by water as it moves downward t…
Soil
Surface layer of Earth, composed of mineral and organic mater…
Humus
Dark, upper layer of soil made up of partially decayed plant…
18 terms
Chapter 14 Soils and Fert Finals
Fritted trace elements (FTE)
Sulfate Salt
Chelates
water soluble
This trace element :salts added to molten glass then cooled,s…
This trace element: used dry as liquids since they are water…
This trace element: nutrient molecule surrounded by an organi…
Fertilizers must be what in order to be used for fertigation?
Fritted trace elements (FTE)
This trace element :salts added to molten glass then cooled,s…
Sulfate Salt
This trace element: used dry as liquids since they are water…
Chapter 14: Trace evidence 2: Paint, glass, soil
paint
electrocoat primer
primer surface
basecoat
primarily composed of a binder, pigments, and other additives…
first layer applied to the steel body of a car
epoxy-modified polyesters or urethanes usually following the…
acrylic-based polymer often composes the binder system of thi…
paint
primarily composed of a binder, pigments, and other additives…
electrocoat primer
first layer applied to the steel body of a car
39 terms
Chapter 14 sections 2-4 weathering, soil, erosion
weathering
abrasion
soil
soil profile
the natural process by which atmospheric and environmental ag…
the grinding and wearing away of rock surfaces through the me…
a loose mixture of rock fragments and organic material that c…
a vertical section of soil that shows the layers, or horizons
weathering
the natural process by which atmospheric and environmental ag…
abrasion
the grinding and wearing away of rock surfaces through the me…
33 terms
Ch 14 soil
Humus
Soil horizon
O horizon 1
A horizon 2
Dark brown organic materiwl that remaiks after decomposition
Horizontal layers into which Soule are organized
Uppermost, rich in organic material plant litter
Dark and rich w humus , plant roots and soil organisms
Humus
Dark brown organic materiwl that remaiks after decomposition
Soil horizon
Horizontal layers into which Soule are organized
26 terms
Chapter 14 Interactions in Ecosystems
Habitat
Competitive Exclusion
Ecological Niche
Ecological Equivalent
All of the biotic and abiotic factors in the area where an or…
When two species are competing for the same resources, one sp…
Composed of all of the physical, chemical, and biological fac…
Species that occupy similar niches but live in different geog…
Habitat
All of the biotic and abiotic factors in the area where an or…
Competitive Exclusion
When two species are competing for the same resources, one sp…
Chapter 14 sections 2-4 weathering, soil, erosion
weathering
abrasion
soil
soil profile
the natural process by which atmospheric and environmental ag…
the grinding and wearing away of rock surfaces through the me…
a loose mixture of rock fragments and organic material that c…
a vertical section of soil that shows the layers, or horizons
weathering
the natural process by which atmospheric and environmental ag…
abrasion
the grinding and wearing away of rock surfaces through the me…
Chapter 14 Interactions in Ecosystems
Habitat
Competitive Exclusion
Ecological Niche
Ecological Equivalent
All of the biotic and abiotic factors in the area where an or…
When two species are competing for the same resources, one sp…
Composed of all of the physical, chemical, and biological fac…
Species that occupy similar niches but live in different geog…
Habitat
All of the biotic and abiotic factors in the area where an or…
Competitive Exclusion
When two species are competing for the same resources, one sp…
12 terms
Chapter 14 - Groundwater
groundwater
porosity
permeability
zone of aeration
Water that enters and is then stored inside the ground.
The amount of pore space (tiny, open holes) in the ground.
The ability of water to pass through a material.
An area where water seeps down.
groundwater
Water that enters and is then stored inside the ground.
porosity
The amount of pore space (tiny, open holes) in the ground.
16 terms
SOIL VOCABULARY CHAPTER 4 -CORE
EROSION
WEATHERING
SOIL
BEDROCK
EROSION
WEATHERING
17 terms
Chapter 14 Groundwater
aquifer
artesian formation
capillary action
cavern
A permeable layer of rock and sediment that stores and carrie…
An arrangement of a permeable layer of rock sandwiched betwee…
A phenomenon whereby groundwater rises because the water mole…
A large underground chamber.
aquifer
A permeable layer of rock and sediment that stores and carrie…
artesian formation
An arrangement of a permeable layer of rock sandwiched betwee…
Ch 14 soil erosion
The most important agent of erosion is…
Weathered loosened rock material given…
Water plus carbon dioxide=
Rock type made from heat and pressure
Running water
Soil
Carbonic acid
Metamorphic
The most important agent of erosion is…
Running water
Weathered loosened rock material given…
Soil
31 terms
Soil chapter 1
anoxic
terra firma
lithosphere
atmosphere
water depleted of dissolved oxygen
solid ground
Minerals in rocks, clay, and sediments
air(carbon dioxide, oxygen, nitrogen)
anoxic
water depleted of dissolved oxygen
terra firma
solid ground
11 terms
Geo Exam - Chapter 14: Soils and Natural Vegetation
What are the 4 main components of soil?
What is humus?
What is Leaching?
What is Calcification?
Minerals... Bacteria and Organic Matter... Air... Moisture
Decomposed organisms which are dark in colour. Top layer of s…
Leaching is the downward movement of water in soil, which dis…
Calcification is the upward movement of water due to capillar…
What are the 4 main components of soil?
Minerals... Bacteria and Organic Matter... Air... Moisture
What is humus?
Decomposed organisms which are dark in colour. Top layer of s…
33 terms
Chapter 14
area strip mining
asthenosphere
contour strip mining
core
Type of surface mining used where the terrain is flat. An ear…
Zone within the earth's mantle made up of hot, partly melted…
Form of surface mining used on hilly or mountainous terrain.…
Inner zone of the earth. It consists of a solid inner core an…
area strip mining
Type of surface mining used where the terrain is flat. An ear…
asthenosphere
Zone within the earth's mantle made up of hot, partly melted…
Ch 14 Desertification and Soil
Desertification
3 main factors of desertification
pedology
Edaphology
The degradation of formerly productive land; a complex process
animals (livestock), farming, and deforestation
part of soil science concerned with the origin, classificatio…
part of soil science concerned with plant growth, fertility,…
Desertification
The degradation of formerly productive land; a complex process
3 main factors of desertification
animals (livestock), farming, and deforestation
7 terms
Chapter 14
aquifer
drainage basin
ground water
hydrologic cycle
layer of permeable rock or soil that allows groundwater to mo…
land area whose runoff is drained into one stream, in US the…
water that soaks into the ground and accumulates in connectin…
system of water circulation at Earth's surface
aquifer
layer of permeable rock or soil that allows groundwater to mo…
drainage basin
land area whose runoff is drained into one stream, in US the…
chapter 14
weathering
mechanical weathering
exfoliation
frost action
breaking down of rocks and other materials at the earth's sur…
weathering that does not involve changes in chemical makeup o…
bracking off of curved sheets or slabs parallel to a rock's s…
breaking apart of a rock caused by water freezing and expandi…
weathering
breaking down of rocks and other materials at the earth's sur…
mechanical weathering
weathering that does not involve changes in chemical makeup o…
21 terms
chapter 14
weathering
mechanical weathering
exfoliation
frost action
breaking down of rocks and other materials at the earth's sur…
weathering that does not involve changes in the chemical make…
breaking off of curved sheets or slabs parallel to a rock's s…
breaking apart of a rock caused by water freezing and expandi…
weathering
breaking down of rocks and other materials at the earth's sur…
mechanical weathering
weathering that does not involve changes in the chemical make…
7 terms
Chapter 14
aquifer
drainage basin
ground water
hydrologic cycle
layer of permeable rock or soil that allows groundwater to mo…
land area whose runoff is drained into one stream, in US the…
water that soaks into the ground and accumulates in connectin…
system of water circulation at Earth's surface
aquifer
layer of permeable rock or soil that allows groundwater to mo…
drainage basin
land area whose runoff is drained into one stream, in US the…
21 terms
Chapter 14
Weathering
Mechanical Weathering
Exfoliation
Frost Action
Breaking down of rocks and other materials at Earths surface.
Weathering that does not involve changes in the chemical mark…
Breaking off of curved sheets or slabs parallel to a rock's s…
Breaking apart of a rock caused by water freezing and expandi…
Weathering
Breaking down of rocks and other materials at Earths surface.
Mechanical Weathering
Weathering that does not involve changes in the chemical mark…
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