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Study sets matching "soils"

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Study sets matching "soils"

37 terms
Soils
25%
25%
45%
5%
What percentage of soil is air?
What percentage of soil is water?
What percentage of soil is mineral matter?
What percentage of soil is organic matter?
25%
What percentage of soil is air?
25%
What percentage of soil is water?
10 terms
Soils
Soil
Bedrock
Humus
Soil Horizon
a mixture of rock particles, minerals, decayed organic materi…
The solid layer of rock under the soil. Most pieces of rock i…
Decayed plant and animal remains that mix with rock particles…
A layer of soil that is different from the layer above or bel…
Soil
a mixture of rock particles, minerals, decayed organic materi…
Bedrock
The solid layer of rock under the soil. Most pieces of rock i…
12 terms
SOILS
HISTOSOLS
ULTISOLS
ALFISOLS
SPODOSOLS
ORGANIC, DARK COLOR. FOUND IN NORTHERN AMERICA/FLORIDA
REDDISH ORANGE, SILICATE CLAY. MESOTHERMAL CLIMATE
WASHED BROWN LOOKING COLOR. MICROTHERMAL CLIMATE
MIXTURE OF ORGANIC MATTER/ALUMINUM. ELUVIAL HORIZON. GRAY IN…
HISTOSOLS
ORGANIC, DARK COLOR. FOUND IN NORTHERN AMERICA/FLORIDA
ULTISOLS
REDDISH ORANGE, SILICATE CLAY. MESOTHERMAL CLIMATE
18 terms
Soils
Soils
bedrock
organic layer
slopes
loose covering of rock particle and decaying organic matter
bottom layer of soil
top layer of soil
have higher erosion and soils are thin
Soils
loose covering of rock particle and decaying organic matter
bedrock
bottom layer of soil
17 terms
Soils
component
compost
data
decay
a part of something
a mixture of decayed leaves, vegetables, and other plant mate…
information gathered during an experiment
the process when dead organic material breaks down
component
a part of something
compost
a mixture of decayed leaves, vegetables, and other plant mate…
24 terms
Soils
Eh
CEC
Pedogenic processes
Oi
Redox potential
Cation exchange capacity
1. Additions ... -alluvial: Sand, silt, clay, gravel, or other m…
Litter-recognizable plant tissue
Eh
Redox potential
CEC
Cation exchange capacity
37 terms
Soils
soil components
clay
silt
organic matter
main parts or ingredients in soil; mineral & organic matter,…
smallest mineral particle
middle size mineral particles
things that are or were living, worms, fungi, humus
soil components
main parts or ingredients in soil; mineral & organic matter,…
clay
smallest mineral particle
10 terms
Soils
Clinometer
Abney Level
Drip Torch
Hand Lens
Clinometer
Abney Level
12 terms
Soils
soil components
clay
silt
organic matter
main parts or ingredients in soil; mineral & organic matter,…
smallest mineral particle
middle size mineral particles
things that are or were living, worms, fungi, humus
soil components
main parts or ingredients in soil; mineral & organic matter,…
clay
smallest mineral particle
24 terms
Soils
25%
25%
45%
5%
What percentage of soil is air?
What percentage of soil is water?
What percentage of soil is mineral matter?
What percentage of soil is organic matter?
25%
What percentage of soil is air?
25%
What percentage of soil is water?
142 terms
soils
shoots
roots
phytotoxic substances
mineral nutrients
plant leaves, flowers, stems
part below ground
poisonous to plants
found in fertile soil
shoots
plant leaves, flowers, stems
roots
part below ground
37 terms
Soils
25%
25%
45%
5%
What percentage of soil is air?
What percentage of soil is water?
What percentage of soil is mineral matter?
What percentage of soil is organic matter?
25%
What percentage of soil is air?
25%
What percentage of soil is water?
12 terms
Soils
Soil
Humus
Sand
Loam
Made up of air, water, humus, and small particles of rock
A dark, rich mix of organic material made of bits of dead pla…
Tiny rock particles ... A naturally occurring grainy material ma…
A mixture of gravel, sand, silt, clay, and organic matter
Soil
Made up of air, water, humus, and small particles of rock
Humus
A dark, rich mix of organic material made of bits of dead pla…
Soils
weathering
erosion
texture
soil
mechanical and chemical processes that cause exposed rock to…
process by which the surface of the earth is worn away by the…
how something feels to the touch
portion of the earth's surface consisting of disintegrated ro…
weathering
mechanical and chemical processes that cause exposed rock to…
erosion
process by which the surface of the earth is worn away by the…
10 terms
Soils
Rhizosphere
Clay
Soil
Soil profile
region of soil where you find the plant roots
holds moisture and food elements; smallest soil particle
made of sand, silt and clay
made of layers or horizons of soil
Rhizosphere
region of soil where you find the plant roots
Clay
holds moisture and food elements; smallest soil particle
25 terms
Soils
soil
parent material
soil layers
soil forming control - geology
Medium for plant growth; also medium for the filtration of wa…
The source rock that was crushed to create the soil of a give…
soil - [see soil definition]... regolith - mixture of solid rock…
The parent material helps to determine the mineral content of…
soil
Medium for plant growth; also medium for the filtration of wa…
parent material
The source rock that was crushed to create the soil of a give…
16 terms
Soils
Horizons
O Horizon
A horizon
B Horizon
The distinctive layers of soil.
The layer of organic detritus such as leaves, needles, twigs,…
A mixture of rock particles and humus. This is the fertile la…
The subsoil - consists mainly of rock pieces and clay, which…
Horizons
The distinctive layers of soil.
O Horizon
The layer of organic detritus such as leaves, needles, twigs,…
8 terms
Soils
Soil
Bedrock
Humus
Soil Horizon
a mixture of rock particles, minerals, decayed organic materi…
The solid layer of rock under the soil. Most pieces of rock i…
Decayed plant and animal remains that mix with rock particles…
A layer of soil that is different from the layer above or bel…
Soil
a mixture of rock particles, minerals, decayed organic materi…
Bedrock
The solid layer of rock under the soil. Most pieces of rock i…
10 terms
Soils
Soil
Bedrock
Humus
Soil Horizon
a mixture of rock particles, minerals, decayed organic materi…
The solid layer of rock under the soil. Most pieces of rock i…
Decayed plant and animal remains that mix with rock particles…
A layer of soil that is different from the layer above or bel…
Soil
a mixture of rock particles, minerals, decayed organic materi…
Bedrock
The solid layer of rock under the soil. Most pieces of rock i…
10 terms
Soils
Properties
Soil
Sediment
Clay
properties are characteristics that are used to describe matt…
A mixture of organic (living) and inorganic (nonliving) mater…
Made up of small pieces of broken rocks formed by weathering…
Clay is a sediment that is produced by physical weathering of…
Properties
properties are characteristics that are used to describe matt…
Soil
A mixture of organic (living) and inorganic (nonliving) mater…
23 terms
Soils
life cycle stages of a tree
earthworm life cycle
importance of earthworms
egg
seed, plant, flower, fruit
egg, young, adult
they break down organic matter to make compost and mix it int…
first life cycle stage of many animals
life cycle stages of a tree
seed, plant, flower, fruit
earthworm life cycle
egg, young, adult
25 terms
Soils
Soil
Inorganic material
Organic material
Humus
Made up of inorganic material, organic material, air and water
Rocks that have been broken into tiny particles of sand and c…
Dead plants and animals that are decomposing
Organic material made up of dead plants and animals it is dar…
Soil
Made up of inorganic material, organic material, air and water
Inorganic material
Rocks that have been broken into tiny particles of sand and c…
25 terms
Soils
Soil Horizons
Eluviation
Illuviation
Humus
form as a result of the four horizon development processes, a…
Eluviation, the removal of inorganic and organic substances f…
zone where downward moving, especially fine material, is accu…
Transformation-> of materials added to the developing soil oc…
Soil Horizons
form as a result of the four horizon development processes, a…
Eluviation
Eluviation, the removal of inorganic and organic substances f…
8 terms
Soils
humus
clay
sand
compost
the best soil for growing plants
tightly packed, orange soil
soil made from broken down rocks
man-made soil
humus
the best soil for growing plants
clay
tightly packed, orange soil
11 terms
Soils
Soil
Texture
Retain
Clay
A mixture of rock, plant and animal remains, and minerals (di…
What something looks and feels like on the surface
To keep or hold within (as soil does with water)
Thick, heavy, sticky soil made of tiny pieces of minerals
Soil
A mixture of rock, plant and animal remains, and minerals (di…
Texture
What something looks and feels like on the surface
14 terms
Soils
Soil
Leaching
Organic material
Humus
a mixture of minerals, organic material, air, and water that…
the movement of chemicals that are dissolved in water, from a…
material that is derived from a living thing
the completely decomposed remains of organic debris, which is…
Soil
a mixture of minerals, organic material, air, and water that…
Leaching
the movement of chemicals that are dissolved in water, from a…
14 terms
Soils
Soil
Humus
Top soil
Subsoil
Made up of bits of rock, minerals and material that was part…
The decayed remains of plants and animals
The uppermost layer of soil
The layer of soil just below topsoil; contains little amounts…
Soil
Made up of bits of rock, minerals and material that was part…
Humus
The decayed remains of plants and animals
13 terms
Soils
weathering
soil
sand
clay
When wind and water break down rocks into smaller pieces
Small pieces of rock and once living things
Tiny pieces of rock.
Soil that is sticky when wet and smooth when dry. It holds wa…
weathering
When wind and water break down rocks into smaller pieces
soil
Small pieces of rock and once living things
14 terms
Soils
soil
humus
weathering
erosion
material made up of bits of rocks, minerals, and material tha…
a decayed remains of plants and animals that adds nutrients t…
The slow breaking apart or wearing away action on resources i…
The movement of weathered rock material from one place to ano…
soil
material made up of bits of rocks, minerals, and material tha…
humus
a decayed remains of plants and animals that adds nutrients t…
32 terms
Soils
7 Important Uses of Soil
3 Cycles involving soil
Land used for crops
Population of Earth
1. Food production (grains, vegetables, animal feeds)... 2. Wood…
1. Nutrient Cycle - transform nutrients into forms in soil th…
10%, 15.5 million sq km with good soil and climate
Just over 7 billion people
7 Important Uses of Soil
1. Food production (grains, vegetables, animal feeds)... 2. Wood…
3 Cycles involving soil
1. Nutrient Cycle - transform nutrients into forms in soil th…
21 terms
Soils
Soil
Soil
Three types of soil
Humus
Loose material in which plants can grow in the upper layer of…
A mixture of rock, humus, air, and water
Clay, water, and sand
Decayed remains of plants and animals in the soil
Soil
Loose material in which plants can grow in the upper layer of…
Soil
A mixture of rock, humus, air, and water
11 terms
soils
opinion
soil
sand
silt
A personal view, attitude, or appraisal.
A mixture of mineral particles and organic material that cove…
the coarsest soil, with particles 0.05,2.0 mm in diameter.
A mixture of rich soil and tiny rocks
opinion
A personal view, attitude, or appraisal.
soil
A mixture of mineral particles and organic material that cove…
10 terms
Soils
Soil
Bedrock
humus
Fertility
the loose weathered material on earth surface
is the solid layer of rock beneath the soil
a dark colored substance that forms as plant
is a measure of how well the soil supports plant growth
Soil
the loose weathered material on earth surface
Bedrock
is the solid layer of rock beneath the soil
32 terms
Soils
Sticks, decomposing organic matter fro…
Soil Horizon C
Stability, energy storage, water uptak…
Soil
What is soil made of?
Subsoil - weathered/loose rock mixes with soil
Name 5 things things roots provide.
Collection of natural particles that create the ground we liv…
Sticks, decomposing organic matter fro…
What is soil made of?
Soil Horizon C
Subsoil - weathered/loose rock mixes with soil
40 terms
Soils
Soils
Bedrock
Regolith
Soil
consist of rock and sediment that has been modified by physic…
unaltered rock of any kind
any kind of unconsolidated debris that covers bedrock
one type of regolith
Soils
consist of rock and sediment that has been modified by physic…
Bedrock
unaltered rock of any kind
38 terms
Soils
Soil
Farmer defintion
Geologist definition
Engineer definition
Unconsolidated material that exists by itself right above or…
Medium in which to raise crops
Sequence of layers ranging from inorganic to organic materials
Unconsolidated material
Soil
Unconsolidated material that exists by itself right above or…
Farmer defintion
Medium in which to raise crops
26 terms
Soils.
Pedology-
Pedon-
Polypedon-
Soil Horizons-
The origin, classification and description of soil.
Hexagonal column measuring 1 to 10m sq in the op surface area.
Soil mapping unit in soil maps.
O horizon undecomposed litter, decomposed organic debris, and…
Pedology-
The origin, classification and description of soil.
Pedon-
Hexagonal column measuring 1 to 10m sq in the op surface area.
65 terms
Soils
Nutrient balancing model
Immobilisation of nutrients in organic…
Soil porosity
SOIL: Key functions for productivity a…
- Spatial arrangement of soil and soil organisms leading to a…
soil porosity = volume of pores/total soil volume ... Topsoils:…
A reservoir of essential elements for plant and animal growth…
Nutrient balancing model
Immobilisation of nutrients in organic…
- Spatial arrangement of soil and soil organisms leading to a…
Soils
Clay
Geology
Humus
Leaching
The smallest type of soil particles that have the capacity to…
the study of soil and rocks
material in the upper layers of soil made up of the decaying…
the removal of minerals and clay as water drips through the s…
Clay
The smallest type of soil particles that have the capacity to…
Geology
the study of soil and rocks
21 terms
SOILS
Regolith
'O' horizon
'A' horizon
'E' horizon
the partially weathered rock below the surface which overlays…
Organic horizon, consisting primarily of organic material and…
Upper most layer developed from parent material, often darker…
Lighter colored layer just below the 'A' horizon, formed by D…
Regolith
the partially weathered rock below the surface which overlays…
'O' horizon
Organic horizon, consisting primarily of organic material and…
26 terms
Soils
surface mining
overburden
reclaimed
refining
process of removing minerals and ore from the earth by diggin…
soil, rock and vegetation that overlies the mineral deposits…
an expensive process in the United States which requires surf…
an expensive process which separates minerals from the ore
surface mining
process of removing minerals and ore from the earth by diggin…
overburden
soil, rock and vegetation that overlies the mineral deposits…
16 terms
Soils
soil
SOIL IS MADE OF 2 TYPES OF MATERIAL
mineral matter
sand
The weathering of the Earth's surface produces ____________
MINERAL MATTER and ORGANIC MATTER
The original soil surface. Examples include sand, silt, and c…
usually consists of quartz and mica
soil
The weathering of the Earth's surface produces ____________
SOIL IS MADE OF 2 TYPES OF MATERIAL
MINERAL MATTER and ORGANIC MATTER
49 terms
Soils
Soil
Topsoil
Subsoil
Soil Horizon A
Composed of solid particles separated by pores.
Soil Horizon "A", sometimes contains a lower portion referred…
Soil Horizon "B"
Topsoil 4 - 8" deep. Top layer.
Soil
Composed of solid particles separated by pores.
Topsoil
Soil Horizon "A", sometimes contains a lower portion referred…
18 terms
Soils
Earth's Surface is:
Soil consists of:
Humus
Soil Profile
1) 75% soil... 2) 15% Mountains, Deserts, Ice... 3) Usable
1) 50% Minerals... 2) 50% Pore Space... 3) Sliver of organic matter
AKA compost... Decayed organic matter to the extend that you can…
O- Horizon; organic grass roots.... A-Horizon; Top soil, Plow Z…
Earth's Surface is:
1) 75% soil... 2) 15% Mountains, Deserts, Ice... 3) Usable
Soil consists of:
1) 50% Minerals... 2) 50% Pore Space... 3) Sliver of organic matter
21 terms
Soils
soil additions
soil losses
soil translocations
soil transformatiosn
accumulation of organic matter or deposition by wind or rainf…
minerals and organic matter are leached from the soil or eroded
movement of soil from one place to another like through incom…
changes that take place in the soil; changes in parent materi…
soil additions
accumulation of organic matter or deposition by wind or rainf…
soil losses
minerals and organic matter are leached from the soil or eroded
294 terms
Soils
Abiotic
Abney level
Acid
Acid rain
Non-living factor in an environment; for example, light, wate…
A surveying instrument designed to measure angles of elevatio…
Substances with a pH of less than 7.
Rain, snow, or other forms of water that are made more acid b…
Abiotic
Non-living factor in an environment; for example, light, wate…
Abney level
A surveying instrument designed to measure angles of elevatio…
10 terms
Soils
Weathering
Rate of Weathering
Soil
Loam
Weathering-the breaking down or dissolving of rocks and miner…
Type of rock:... Some rocks/minerals dissolve faster in water th…
Soil is a mixture of loose, weathered minerals, organic matte…
Loam- soil that is made up of about equal parts clay, sand, a…
Weathering
Weathering-the breaking down or dissolving of rocks and miner…
Rate of Weathering
Type of rock:... Some rocks/minerals dissolve faster in water th…
9 terms
Soils
Factors that influence soil are:
Humus
Leaching
Irish Soils are:
Mineral Matter... Air... Water... Living Organisms... Humus
Is the dark, partly decayed matter found in soil. Very fertil…
Is water washing down materials and minerals down to the B ho…
Browm Earth Soils and Podzol soils
Factors that influence soil are:
Mineral Matter... Air... Water... Living Organisms... Humus
Humus
Is the dark, partly decayed matter found in soil. Very fertil…
41 terms
Soils!
Four features that define "soil"
Edaphology
Pedology
Pedon
1. Unconsolidated geological or organic material... 2. At least…
The study of soil as a medium for plant growth
The study of soils in relation to their environement
Smallest volume (3D) that can be regarded as a basic unit of…
Four features that define "soil"
1. Unconsolidated geological or organic material... 2. At least…
Edaphology
The study of soil as a medium for plant growth
126 terms
Soils
Detachment, transport, deposition
R
K
L
Soil erosion process
Rainfall erosivity factor
Soil erodibility factor
Length of the slope factor
Detachment, transport, deposition
Soil erosion process
R
Rainfall erosivity factor
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