Study sets matching "soils"

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Study sets matching "soils"

37 terms
Soils
25%
25%
45%
5%
What percentage of soil is air?
What percentage of soil is water?
What percentage of soil is mineral matter?
What percentage of soil is organic matter?
25%
What percentage of soil is air?
25%
What percentage of soil is water?
10 terms
Soils
Soil
Bedrock
Humus
Soil Horizon
a mixture of rock particles, minerals, decayed organic materi…
The solid layer of rock under the soil. Most pieces of rock i…
Decayed plant and animal remains that mix with rock particles…
A layer of soil that is different from the layer above or bel…
Soil
a mixture of rock particles, minerals, decayed organic materi…
Bedrock
The solid layer of rock under the soil. Most pieces of rock i…
12 terms
SOILS
HISTOSOLS
ULTISOLS
ALFISOLS
SPODOSOLS
ORGANIC, DARK COLOR. FOUND IN NORTHERN AMERICA/FLORIDA
REDDISH ORANGE, SILICATE CLAY. MESOTHERMAL CLIMATE
WASHED BROWN LOOKING COLOR. MICROTHERMAL CLIMATE
MIXTURE OF ORGANIC MATTER/ALUMINUM. ELUVIAL HORIZON. GRAY IN…
HISTOSOLS
ORGANIC, DARK COLOR. FOUND IN NORTHERN AMERICA/FLORIDA
ULTISOLS
REDDISH ORANGE, SILICATE CLAY. MESOTHERMAL CLIMATE
19 terms
Soils
parent rock
residual
transported
humus
the original rock from which soil sediments are formed
soil that remains above the bedrock from which it formed
soil that is blown or washed away from its parent rock
organic part of soil that is made of decayed plants and animals
parent rock
the original rock from which soil sediments are formed
residual
soil that remains above the bedrock from which it formed
Soils
Eh
CEC
Pedogenic processes
Oi
Redox potential
Cation exchange capacity
1. Additions ... -alluvial: Sand, silt, clay, gravel, or other m…
Litter-recognizable plant tissue
Eh
Redox potential
CEC
Cation exchange capacity
142 terms
soils
shoots
roots
phytotoxic substances
mineral nutrients
plant leaves, flowers, stems
part below ground
poisonous to plants
found in fertile soil
shoots
plant leaves, flowers, stems
roots
part below ground
28 terms
Soils
pH
Acidic
Neutral
Alkaline
Measure of acidity or alkalinity in a soil
Less that 7
7
Greater than 7
pH
Measure of acidity or alkalinity in a soil
Acidic
Less that 7
16 terms
Soils
Horizons
O Horizon
A horizon
B Horizon
The distinctive layers of soil.
The layer of organic detritus such as leaves, needles, twigs,…
A mixture of rock particles and humus. This is the fertile la…
The subsoil - consists mainly of rock pieces and clay, which…
Horizons
The distinctive layers of soil.
O Horizon
The layer of organic detritus such as leaves, needles, twigs,…
18 terms
Soils
Soils
bedrock
organic layer
slopes
loose covering of rock particle and decaying organic matter
bottom layer of soil
top layer of soil
have higher erosion and soils are thin
Soils
loose covering of rock particle and decaying organic matter
bedrock
bottom layer of soil
10 terms
Soils
Soil
Bedrock
Humus
Soil Horizon
a mixture of rock particles, minerals, decayed organic materi…
The solid layer of rock under the soil. Most pieces of rock i…
Decayed plant and animal remains that mix with rock particles…
A layer of soil that is different from the layer above or bel…
Soil
a mixture of rock particles, minerals, decayed organic materi…
Bedrock
The solid layer of rock under the soil. Most pieces of rock i…
Soils
soil components
clay
silt
organic matter
main parts or ingredients in soil; mineral & organic matter,…
smallest mineral particle
middle size mineral particles
things that are or were living, worms, fungi, humus
soil components
main parts or ingredients in soil; mineral & organic matter,…
clay
smallest mineral particle
Soils
soil components
clay
silt
organic matter
main parts or ingredients in soil; mineral & organic matter,…
smallest mineral particle
middle size mineral particles
things that are or were living, worms, fungi, humus
soil components
main parts or ingredients in soil; mineral & organic matter,…
clay
smallest mineral particle
24 terms
Soils
25%
25%
45%
5%
What percentage of soil is air?
What percentage of soil is water?
What percentage of soil is mineral matter?
What percentage of soil is organic matter?
25%
What percentage of soil is air?
25%
What percentage of soil is water?
Soils
soil components
clay
silt
organic matter
main parts or ingredients in soil; mineral & organic matter,…
smallest mineral particle
middle size mineral particles
things that are or were living, worms, fungi, humus
soil components
main parts or ingredients in soil; mineral & organic matter,…
clay
smallest mineral particle
5 terms
Soils
humus
worms
clay
sand
Soil containing plant and animal materials
creatures that live in soil
soil that has an orange color
soil that is soft with small pieces of rock
humus
Soil containing plant and animal materials
worms
creatures that live in soil
Soils
Soil
Humus
Sand
Loam
Made up of air, water, humus, and small particles of rock
A dark, rich mix of organic material made of bits of dead pla…
Tiny rock particles ... A naturally occurring grainy material ma…
A mixture of gravel, sand, silt, clay, and organic matter
Soil
Made up of air, water, humus, and small particles of rock
Humus
A dark, rich mix of organic material made of bits of dead pla…
37 terms
Soils
25%
25%
45%
5%
What percentage of soil is air?
What percentage of soil is water?
What percentage of soil is mineral matter?
What percentage of soil is organic matter?
25%
What percentage of soil is air?
25%
What percentage of soil is water?
Soils
decomposer
organic
sand
clay
organism that breaks down and obtains energy from dead organi…
of or relating to or derived from living organisms
small particles of various minerals and broken rocks, the res…
a very fine-grained soil that is plastic when moist but hard…
decomposer
organism that breaks down and obtains energy from dead organi…
organic
of or relating to or derived from living organisms
weathering
erosion
texture
soil
mechanical and chemical processes that cause exposed rock to…
process by which the surface of the earth is worn away by the…
how something feels to the touch
portion of the earth's surface consisting of disintegrated ro…
weathering
mechanical and chemical processes that cause exposed rock to…
erosion
process by which the surface of the earth is worn away by the…
Soils
Rhizosphere
Clay
Soil
Soil profile
region of soil where you find the plant roots
holds moisture and food elements; smallest soil particle
made of sand, silt and clay
made of layers or horizons of soil
Rhizosphere
region of soil where you find the plant roots
Clay
holds moisture and food elements; smallest soil particle
Soils
Soil
Bedrock
Humus
Soil Horizon
a mixture of rock particles, minerals, decayed organic materi…
The solid layer of rock under the soil. Most pieces of rock i…
Decayed plant and animal remains that mix with rock particles…
A layer of soil that is different from the layer above or bel…
Soil
a mixture of rock particles, minerals, decayed organic materi…
Bedrock
The solid layer of rock under the soil. Most pieces of rock i…
Soils
Detachment, transport, deposition
R
K
L
Soil erosion process
Rainfall erosivity factor
Soil erodibility factor
Length of the slope factor
Detachment, transport, deposition
Soil erosion process
R
Rainfall erosivity factor
27 terms
Soils
Approaches to Studying Soils
Critical Issues (understand, evaluate,…
Principle Components of Mineral Soils
Soil is a Biogeochemical Reactor
Pedological- origin, classification, description... Edaphologica…
Food, water, nutrients, energy, climate change, biodiversity,…
45% Mineral Material- texture (sand, silt, clay) and structur…
Regolith- unconsolidated material overlaying bedrock... Soil for…
Approaches to Studying Soils
Pedological- origin, classification, description... Edaphologica…
Critical Issues (understand, evaluate,…
Food, water, nutrients, energy, climate change, biodiversity,…
20 terms
soils
percolation
soil porosity
compaction
erosion
Percolation is the process of a liquid slowly passing through…
"Soil porosity" refers to the amount of pore, or open space b…
The process by which the porosity of a given form of sediment…
the process of eroding or being eroded by wind, water, or oth…
percolation
Percolation is the process of a liquid slowly passing through…
soil porosity
"Soil porosity" refers to the amount of pore, or open space b…
Soils
Organic matter
Top soil
Leaching
Weathered soil
...
...
...
...
Organic matter
...
Top soil
...
Soils
Humus
Silt
Sand
Clay
Made up of decayed parts of once living things
Found at the bottom of rivers and is soft like powder
Does not hold water very easliy
Sticky when wet but it will turn to clumps when dry
Humus
Made up of decayed parts of once living things
Silt
Found at the bottom of rivers and is soft like powder
43 terms
Soils
Soil Properties
Soil Development (what things form soi…
5 soil Forming Factors
Physical Weathering
Biological, physical, chemical
1.Additions (ex. Precipitations)... 2. Transformations (ex. Orga…
1.Climate... 2.Macro and Microorganisms... 3.Relief... 4.Parent Materi…
Rocks get broken into pieces but its chemical composition rem…
Soil Properties
Biological, physical, chemical
Soil Development (what things form soi…
1.Additions (ex. Precipitations)... 2. Transformations (ex. Orga…
17 terms
Soils
component
compost
data
decay
a part of something
a mixture of decayed leaves, vegetables, and other plant mate…
information gathered during an experiment
the process when dead organic material breaks down
component
a part of something
compost
a mixture of decayed leaves, vegetables, and other plant mate…
91 terms
Soils
The p in pH indicates
. Which type of organic compound is LE…
Gleyed soils are best defined as having
CO2 can contribute to soil acidity via
-log
Sugars and starches
Grey-blue colors due to Fe oxide reduction and leaching and i…
Combining with water to form carbonic acid
The p in pH indicates
-log
. Which type of organic compound is LE…
Sugars and starches
66 terms
Soils
Soil
Regolith
Pedon
Rocks
Natural body of layers (horizons) of mineral and organic mate…
Unconsolidated matter at the earth's surface, a mixture of ro…
Smallest unit of "soil" ~1-10 m2
Igneous, Metamorphic, Sedimentary
Soil
Natural body of layers (horizons) of mineral and organic mate…
Regolith
Unconsolidated matter at the earth's surface, a mixture of ro…
Soils
Chablis
Cote d'Or
Chalonnaise & Maconnais
Beaujolais
Limy, chalky (kimmeridgian) soil chalk, clay, oyster fossils.
lime, loam, marl (ideal for pinot noir), calcareous clay (ide…
limestone more sporadic, loamy & sandy soils
granite, schist, limestone
Chablis
Limy, chalky (kimmeridgian) soil chalk, clay, oyster fossils.
Cote d'Or
lime, loam, marl (ideal for pinot noir), calcareous clay (ide…
Soils
Mollic
Umbric
Histic
Ochric
thick A horizon and dark colored, at least 10" thick, 2 or le…
dark and deep A horizon, acidic
peat or muck A horizons, made up of mostly plant remains
light-colored or shallow A horizons that are not histic, moll…
Mollic
thick A horizon and dark colored, at least 10" thick, 2 or le…
Umbric
dark and deep A horizon, acidic
76 terms
Soils
2:1 crystalline silicate clays (smecti…
isomorphous substitution
cation exchange
smectite
colloids with high internal surface area
the replacement of an atom by another of similar size in the…
the electrostatic attraction of cations in soil solution to a…
clays that dominate vertisols
2:1 crystalline silicate clays (smecti…
colloids with high internal surface area
isomorphous substitution
the replacement of an atom by another of similar size in the…
Soils
Loam
Clay
sand
potting soil
Loam
Clay
36 terms
Soils
What are soils?
How is soil produced?
What type of weathering is there?
Why is soil considered a hotspot for b…
A natural body consisting of layers or horizons and/or organi…
Through weathering of parent material, this process takes a l…
Physical, chemical, and biological
It is important for recycling of nutrients, and is home to a…
What are soils?
A natural body consisting of layers or horizons and/or organi…
How is soil produced?
Through weathering of parent material, this process takes a l…
67 terms
soils
Capillarity in soils
The osmotic potential would likely be…
The matric potential of soil water is
which of the following means of estima…
involves both adhesion and cohesion
Aridisols
water content of a soil with water potential of about -10KPa
gravimetric determinations
Capillarity in soils
involves both adhesion and cohesion
The osmotic potential would likely be…
Aridisols
12 terms
Soils
alfisols
andisols
aridosols
entisols
high-nutrient soils; fertile, productive soils; moderately we…
volcanic soils; young soils with volcanic activity
desert soils; dry soils
new soils; limited change from parent material
alfisols
high-nutrient soils; fertile, productive soils; moderately we…
andisols
volcanic soils; young soils with volcanic activity
42 terms
Soils
Parent material is usually made up of…
The medium in which soil develops, usu…
In the first step of soil formation, r…
In the second step of soil formation,…
Weathered rock
Parent material
Parent material
Organic
Parent material is usually made up of…
Weathered rock
The medium in which soil develops, usu…
Parent material
10 terms
Soils
Clinometer
Abney Level
Drip Torch
Hand Lens
Clinometer
Abney Level
11 terms
Soils
soils
parent material
residual soil
horizons
loose rock fragments and clay
rock that provides the sediments
soil that has not been transported
soil layers
soils
loose rock fragments and clay
parent material
rock that provides the sediments
49 terms
Soils
Soil
Topsoil
Subsoil
Soil Horizon A
Composed of solid particles separated by pores.
Soil Horizon "A", sometimes contains a lower portion referred…
Soil Horizon "B"
Topsoil 4 - 8" deep. Top layer.
Soil
Composed of solid particles separated by pores.
Topsoil
Soil Horizon "A", sometimes contains a lower portion referred…
Soils
Soil
Erosion
Weathering
Abrasion
Is a mixture of rock fragments, organic material, water, and…
Is the process by which natural forces transport soil and sed…
Is the process by which rock materials are broken down by the…
Is the grinding and wearing away of rock surfaces through the…
Soil
Is a mixture of rock fragments, organic material, water, and…
Erosion
Is the process by which natural forces transport soil and sed…
Soils
humus
clay
sand
compost
the best soil for growing plants
tightly packed, orange soil
soil made from broken down rocks
man-made soil
humus
the best soil for growing plants
clay
tightly packed, orange soil
14 terms
Soils
soil
humus
weathering
erosion
material made up of bits of rocks, minerals, and material tha…
a decayed remains of plants and animals that adds nutrients t…
The slow breaking apart or wearing away action on resources i…
The movement of weathered rock material from one place to ano…
soil
material made up of bits of rocks, minerals, and material tha…
humus
a decayed remains of plants and animals that adds nutrients t…
10 terms
Soils
Properties
Soil
Sediment
Clay
properties are characteristics that are used to describe matt…
A mixture of organic (living) and inorganic (nonliving) mater…
Made up of small pieces of broken rocks formed by weathering…
Clay is a sediment that is produced by physical weathering of…
Properties
properties are characteristics that are used to describe matt…
Soil
A mixture of organic (living) and inorganic (nonliving) mater…
32 terms
Soils
soil
parent material
soil layers
soil forming control - geology
Medium for plant growth; also medium for the filtration of wa…
The source rock that was crushed to create the soil of a give…
soil - [see soil definition]... regolith - mixture of solid rock…
The parent material helps to determine the mineral content of…
soil
Medium for plant growth; also medium for the filtration of wa…
parent material
The source rock that was crushed to create the soil of a give…
soils
A clay loam soil will hold less water…
A fine textured soil when moist and ma…
The rate water moves through a soil (c…
A loam textured soil would be less pla…
FALSE
TRUE
TRUE
FALSE
A clay loam soil will hold less water…
FALSE
A fine textured soil when moist and ma…
TRUE
32 terms
Soils
Sticks, decomposing organic matter fro…
Soil Horizon C
Stability, energy storage, water uptak…
Soil
What is soil made of?
Subsoil - weathered/loose rock mixes with soil
Name 5 things things roots provide.
Collection of natural particles that create the ground we liv…
Sticks, decomposing organic matter fro…
What is soil made of?
Soil Horizon C
Subsoil - weathered/loose rock mixes with soil
Soils
surface mining
overburden
reclaimed
refining
process of removing minerals and ore from the earth by diggin…
soil, rock and vegetation that overlies the mineral deposits…
an expensive process in the United States which requires surf…
an expensive process which separates minerals from the ore
surface mining
process of removing minerals and ore from the earth by diggin…
overburden
soil, rock and vegetation that overlies the mineral deposits…
23 terms
Soils
life cycle stages of a tree
earthworm life cycle
importance of earthworms
egg
seed, plant, flower, fruit
egg, young, adult
they break down organic matter to make compost and mix it int…
first life cycle stage of many animals
life cycle stages of a tree
seed, plant, flower, fruit
earthworm life cycle
egg, young, adult
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