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Study sets matching "solar system earth science 2"

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Study sets matching "solar system earth science 2"

14 terms
Earth Science Solar System
solar system
planet
comet
star
a star and all the planets and other objects that revolve aro…
a large body that revolves around the sun
a ball of rock, ice, and frozen gases that revolves around th…
a huge ball of superheated gases
solar system
a star and all the planets and other objects that revolve aro…
planet
a large body that revolves around the sun
8 terms
Earth Science Solar System
photosphere
chromoshpere
corona
fusion
the innermost layer of the Sun which is also its visible surf…
the middle layer of the Sun only visible during a solar eclipse
the outermost layer of the sun and is not visible without spe…
the combination of lightweight atomic nuclei into heavier ato…
photosphere
the innermost layer of the Sun which is also its visible surf…
chromoshpere
the middle layer of the Sun only visible during a solar eclipse
19 terms
Earth Science - The Solar System
Asteroid
Astronomical Unit (AU)
Atmosphere
Comet
irregularly-shaped, rocky object revolving around the sun tha…
a unit of length used to measure distance in the solar system…
the envelope of gas that surrounds a planet
small objects that orbit the sun and are made of ice, dust, a…
Asteroid
irregularly-shaped, rocky object revolving around the sun tha…
Astronomical Unit (AU)
a unit of length used to measure distance in the solar system…
40 terms
Earth Science Solar System
Jupiter
Neptune
Mercury
Saturn
Largest planet in the solar system
Most distant planet in the solar system
Smallest planet in the solar system
Most extensive ring system in the solar system
Jupiter
Largest planet in the solar system
Neptune
Most distant planet in the solar system
24 terms
Earth Science Solar System
Nebula
Orbit
Solar system
Perihelion
Spinning cloud of hot gases
Curved path of one object around another object
Sun and all the objects
Point in a planet's orbit at which it is closest
Nebula
Spinning cloud of hot gases
Orbit
Curved path of one object around another object
21 terms
Science: Earth and the Solar System
Apollo 11
asteroid
asteroid belt
astronomical unit (AU)
Name of of the first mission in which people on the surface o…
chunk of rock which orbits the sun in an elliptical path
large collection of asteroids located between Mars and Jupiter
a measure of distance equal to 93 million miles
Apollo 11
Name of of the first mission in which people on the surface o…
asteroid
chunk of rock which orbits the sun in an elliptical path
28 terms
Earth Science-Solar System
Universe
Galaxy
Rotation
Revolution
All of space and everything in it.
A huge group of single stars, star systems, star clusters, du…
Circular movement around an axis.
Creating a 3D solid or surface by revolving a 2D shape about…
Universe
All of space and everything in it.
Galaxy
A huge group of single stars, star systems, star clusters, du…
21 terms
Earth Solar System 2
Law of Equal Areas
Red Shift
Blue Shift
Doppler Effect
describes the speed at which an given planet moves through sp…
A shift toward longer wavelengths of the spectral lines emitt…
the displacement of the spectrum to shorter wavelengths in th…
A change in sound frequency caused by motion of the sound sou…
Law of Equal Areas
describes the speed at which an given planet moves through sp…
Red Shift
A shift toward longer wavelengths of the spectral lines emitt…
20 terms
Earth Science - The Solar System
Asteroid
Astronomical Unit (AU)
Atmosphere
Comet
irregularly-shaped, rocky object revolving around the sun tha…
a unit of length used to measure distance in the solar system…
the envelope of gas that surrounds a planet
small objects that orbit the sun and are made of ice, dust, a…
Asteroid
irregularly-shaped, rocky object revolving around the sun tha…
Astronomical Unit (AU)
a unit of length used to measure distance in the solar system…
45 terms
Earth Science: Planets of the Solar System
density
Inner planets
Outer planets
Orbital period
How compact, or crowded, are the particles that make up ... matt…
Denser planets with no rings that are mainly constructed of s…
Planets mainly composed of hydrogen and helium that tend to b…
One complete circle around the Sun, which is equal to 1-... year.
density
How compact, or crowded, are the particles that make up ... matt…
Inner planets
Denser planets with no rings that are mainly constructed of s…
earth science: solar system
the planets, moons, and sun are part o…
the sun is the_________ that planets o…
the gases around a planet make up its…
a dark area that appears on the sun is…
solar system
star
atmosphere
sunspot
the planets, moons, and sun are part o…
solar system
the sun is the_________ that planets o…
star
17 terms
Earth Science- Solar System
terrestrial plantet
gas planets
galaxies
What do galaxies look like?
within the, terrestrial planets are inner planets closest to…
the gas giants of our solar system are jupiter, Saturn, Uranu…
Galaxies are systems containing billions of stars
Galaxies looks like hazy pathches with out a telescope
terrestrial plantet
within the, terrestrial planets are inner planets closest to…
gas planets
the gas giants of our solar system are jupiter, Saturn, Uranu…
14 terms
Earth and the Solar System Science
shooting star
part of comet that appears when close…
one complete rotation
one complete revolution
comet passing earth
tail
24 hours
365 days
shooting star
comet passing earth
part of comet that appears when close…
tail
28 terms
Semester 2: Science the Earth, Moon, and Solar System
Astronomical Unit
Mercury
Venus
Earth
Distance from the sun to Earth
Distance from the sun: .4 AU... Composition: terrestrial ... Size:…
Distance from the sun: .7 AU... Composition: terrestrial... Size: 1…
Distance from the sun: 1 AU ... Composition: terrestrial ... Size:…
Astronomical Unit
Distance from the sun to Earth
Mercury
Distance from the sun: .4 AU... Composition: terrestrial ... Size:…
37 terms
Earth Science: Solar System
When the earth is centered around ever…
___ is when the sun is the center, and…
In the early observations of the unive…
the thought that the solar system was…
geocentric
heliocentric
celestial objects
" the Golden Age of Astronomy"
When the earth is centered around ever…
geocentric
___ is when the sun is the center, and…
heliocentric
31 terms
Earth Science Solar System
Planet
Natural Satellite
Dwarf Planet
Asteroid
An astronomical object orbiting a star massive enough to have…
A celestial body that orbits another body
Similar to a planet but it lacks the strong gravitational field
A rocky, airless celestial body that orbits our sun but its t…
Planet
An astronomical object orbiting a star massive enough to have…
Natural Satellite
A celestial body that orbits another body
8 terms
Earth Science - Solar System
empty
gas
universe
lack
no place in space is truly
outer space is full of low-density ____ molecules
the ________ includes - stars, planets, galaxies, plant, anim…
_______ of oxygen and pressure
empty
no place in space is truly
gas
outer space is full of low-density ____ molecules
30 terms
The Solar System Ch. 24 Earth Science
Solar System
Nicholas Copernicus
Mercury
Venus
Made up of eight planets, including Earth, and many smaller o…
Developed the Sun-centered model of the solar system.
Closest planet to the Sun, surface has many craters and high…
Similar to Earth in size and mass, has a think atmosphere mad…
Solar System
Made up of eight planets, including Earth, and many smaller o…
Nicholas Copernicus
Developed the Sun-centered model of the solar system.
14 terms
earth science: the solar system
aurora
sunspot
CME
jupiter
it is the nothern lights
a darker cooler spot on the sun
coronal mass ejection
biggest planet in our solar system
aurora
it is the nothern lights
sunspot
a darker cooler spot on the sun
22 terms
earth science solar systems
What is the relationship between latit…
as latitude increases
as the angle of the sun increases
the seasons are caused by
as one increases the other one decreases
temperature decreases
temperature increases
the earths axis and the revolution around the sun
What is the relationship between latit…
as one increases the other one decreases
as latitude increases
temperature decreases
8 terms
Science-Earth and the Solar System Part 2, Gravity and the Solar System
What kind of force is gravity?
Where does gravity exist in the univer…
When two objects get closer, what happ…
If a planet travels in an elliptical o…
Attractive
Everywhere
Gravity increases.
When it's closest to the sun.
What kind of force is gravity?
Attractive
Where does gravity exist in the univer…
Everywhere
13 terms
Earth science solar system
My very energetic mother just served u…
Kepplers first law: law of ellipses
Kepplers second law law of equal area
Kepler's third law law of periods
Acronym for planet order
states that planets travel in elliptical orbits around the sun
Describes the speed objects travel at a different speed in or…
States the period of time it takes a planet to orbit the sun
My very energetic mother just served u…
Acronym for planet order
Kepplers first law: law of ellipses
states that planets travel in elliptical orbits around the sun
17 terms
Unit 2 Earth and the Solar System
Eclipse
Engineer
Engineering design process
Galaxy
Occurs when one object in the solar system moves into the sha…
A person who uses scientific knowledge and mathematics to sol…
A set of eight steps that guides engineers as they create a n…
A large cluster of stars held together by gravity
Eclipse
Occurs when one object in the solar system moves into the sha…
Engineer
A person who uses scientific knowledge and mathematics to sol…
21 terms
Solar system earth science
Terrestrial planets
Jovian planets
Nebula
Nebular theory
(Mercury, venus, earth, mars) relatively small and rocky plan…
(Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune) huge gas giants/ outer pla…
A cloud of dust and gas in space
Theory that the sun and planets formed from a rotating disk o…
Terrestrial planets
(Mercury, venus, earth, mars) relatively small and rocky plan…
Jovian planets
(Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune) huge gas giants/ outer pla…
25 terms
Earth Science: The Solar System
Solar System
Planet
Nebular Hypothesis
Planetesimal
The sun and all of the planets and other bodies that travel a…
A celestial body that orbit the sun, is round because of its…
states that the sun and the planets formed from an original n…
A small body from which a planet originated
Solar System
The sun and all of the planets and other bodies that travel a…
Planet
A celestial body that orbit the sun, is round because of its…
24 terms
Earth science vocab unit 2 solar system
Northern lights/aurora borealis
Aphelion
Chrome-sphere
Core
actually the result of collisions between gaseous particles i…
the point in the orbit of a planet, asteroid, or comet at whi…
a reddish gaseous layer above the photosphere of the sun. Tog…
he core is made primarily of iron and nickel and has two part…
Northern lights/aurora borealis
actually the result of collisions between gaseous particles i…
Aphelion
the point in the orbit of a planet, asteroid, or comet at whi…
62 terms
Earth Science - Chapter 2 - What Makes the Solar System
solar system
space
star
the sun
A collection of large and small bodies that orbit a star.
The area beyond the earth's atmosphere, where the stars and p…
A ball of hot gases that give off light and other types of en…
The ball of fire in the sky that the Earth goes around, and t…
solar system
A collection of large and small bodies that orbit a star.
space
The area beyond the earth's atmosphere, where the stars and p…
34 terms
Earth Science // The Solar System
Core
Photosphere
Chromosphere
Corona
Where nuclear fusion occurs and where energy is produced.
Surface of the sun
Lower atmosphere of the sun
Outer atmosphere of the sun and only visible during total sol…
Core
Where nuclear fusion occurs and where energy is produced.
Photosphere
Surface of the sun
12 terms
Earth Science- Solar System WC
Rotation
Apparent Motion
Revolution
Orbit
the act of spinning around
the way it appears to move, not whether or how it actually mo…
the act of moving around another object
the path one object takes around another object
Rotation
the act of spinning around
Apparent Motion
the way it appears to move, not whether or how it actually mo…
Earth Science Solar System
Who concluded that Earth was a planet?
Who concluded that orbits were ellipti…
Who finds moons around Jupiter and not…
Planets in order from the Sun:
Nicolaus Copernicus
Johannes Kepler
Galileo
Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune
Who concluded that Earth was a planet?
Nicolaus Copernicus
Who concluded that orbits were ellipti…
Johannes Kepler
21 terms
Science: Earth and the Solar System
Apollo 11
asteroid
asteroid belt
astronomical unit (AU)
Name of of the first mission in which people on the surface o…
chunk of rock which orbits the sun in an elliptical path
large collection of asteroids located between Mars and Jupiter
a measure of distance equal to 93 million miles
Apollo 11
Name of of the first mission in which people on the surface o…
asteroid
chunk of rock which orbits the sun in an elliptical path
16 terms
Earth Science Solar System Combined
photosphere
chromoshpere
corona
fusion
the innermost layer of the Sun which is also its visible surf…
the middle layer of the Sun only visible during a solar eclipse
the outermost layer of the sun and is not visible without spe…
the combination of lightweight atomic nuclei into heavier ato…
photosphere
the innermost layer of the Sun which is also its visible surf…
chromoshpere
the middle layer of the Sun only visible during a solar eclipse
40 terms
blms earth science: Solar system
Ptolemy
Copernicus
Brahe
Kepler
first to propose the geocentric model of the solar system
First to propose the heliocentric model of the solar system
believed geocentric model but all other planets revolved arou…
used data from Brahe to prove heliocentric model. Developed t…
Ptolemy
first to propose the geocentric model of the solar system
Copernicus
First to propose the heliocentric model of the solar system
17 terms
Earth Sciences-Solar System
solar system
planet
star
orbit
The planet Earth, the Moon, the Sun and seven other planets a…
A large body orbiting a star. A celestial body.
A huge gas sphere that radiates light.
To travel in a curved path around something.
solar system
The planet Earth, the Moon, the Sun and seven other planets a…
planet
A large body orbiting a star. A celestial body.
21 terms
Earth Solar System 2
Law of Equal Areas
Red Shift
Blue Shift
Doppler Effect
describes the speed at which an given planet moves through sp…
A shift toward longer wavelengths of the spectral lines emitt…
the displacement of the spectrum to shorter wavelengths in th…
A change in sound frequency caused by motion of the sound sou…
Law of Equal Areas
describes the speed at which an given planet moves through sp…
Red Shift
A shift toward longer wavelengths of the spectral lines emitt…
28 terms
CMS Earth Science Solar System
Inner Planets
Outer Planets
Asteroid Belt
Venus
These Planets are mostly rocky, small, and have few or no moons
These planets are large, gaseous and have many moons
Located between Mars and Jupiter
Hottest planet due to its thick atmosphere keeping the heat "…
Inner Planets
These Planets are mostly rocky, small, and have few or no moons
Outer Planets
These planets are large, gaseous and have many moons
30 terms
Science Earth and the Solar System
What does it mean a for a planet to ro…
What does it mean for a planet to revo…
What is the relationship between the E…
How do the planet's stay in their orbi…
How long it takes for the planet to have a full day
How long it takes the planet to revolve around the Sun
The Earth and Moon orbit around their common centre of mass
Gravity
What does it mean a for a planet to ro…
How long it takes for the planet to have a full day
What does it mean for a planet to revo…
How long it takes the planet to revolve around the Sun
14 terms
GenScience U2 Earth Ch17 Solar System
star
planet
moon
solar system
glowing ball or hot gas that makes its own energy and light
large object in space that orbits a star such as the sun
natural satellite that orbits a planet
a star, such as the sun, and all of the objects that revolve…
star
glowing ball or hot gas that makes its own energy and light
planet
large object in space that orbits a star such as the sun
21 terms
Earth Solar System 2
Law of Equal Areas
Red Shift
Blue Shift
Doppler Effect
describes the speed at which an given planet moves through sp…
A shift toward longer wavelengths of the spectral lines emitt…
the displacement of the spectrum to shorter wavelengths in th…
A change in sound frequency caused by motion of the sound sou…
Law of Equal Areas
describes the speed at which an given planet moves through sp…
Red Shift
A shift toward longer wavelengths of the spectral lines emitt…
13 terms
Science Vocabulary: The Solar System & The Earth
inhabit
universe
asteroid
rotate
to live in a place
all of space
a rocky body orbiting the sun
to spin around or turn like a wheel
inhabit
to live in a place
universe
all of space
20 terms
Earth Science - solar system topic
Polaris
no stars in solar system except...
when meteors or asteroids hit the surf…
Jovian planets
North star, not in our solar system
sun
craters are formed
"gas giants" - Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune.
Polaris
North star, not in our solar system
no stars in solar system except...
sun
15 terms
Earth Science - Ch. 24: Solar System
solar system
formation of solar system
shape of planet's orbit
Mercury
sun, planets, and all the other objects that revolve around t…
formed from a piece of nebula of gas, ice, and dust
elliptical
- closest to the Sun... - has a thin atmosphere w/ temp. extreme…
solar system
sun, planets, and all the other objects that revolve around t…
formation of solar system
formed from a piece of nebula of gas, ice, and dust
21 terms
Earth Solar System 2
Law of Equal Areas
Red Shift
Blue Shift
Doppler Effect
describes the speed at which an given planet moves through sp…
A shift toward longer wavelengths of the spectral lines emitt…
the displacement of the spectrum to shorter wavelengths in th…
A change in sound frequency caused by motion of the sound sou…
Law of Equal Areas
describes the speed at which an given planet moves through sp…
Red Shift
A shift toward longer wavelengths of the spectral lines emitt…
21 terms
Earth Science Ch 6 - Solar System
star
solar system
telescope
moon
an object in space that makes its own light and heat
the system of objects of, or around, the Sun
a tool used to see distant objects
an object that circles around a planet
star
an object in space that makes its own light and heat
solar system
the system of objects of, or around, the Sun
21 terms
Earth Solar System 2
Law of Equal Areas
Red Shift
Blue Shift
Doppler Effect
describes the speed at which an given planet moves through sp…
A shift toward longer wavelengths of the spectral lines emitt…
the displacement of the spectrum to shorter wavelengths in th…
A change in sound frequency caused by motion of the sound sou…
Law of Equal Areas
describes the speed at which an given planet moves through sp…
Red Shift
A shift toward longer wavelengths of the spectral lines emitt…
28 terms
6 Earth Science -- The Solar System
geocentric
heliocentric
ellipse
core
a model of the universe in which Earth is at the center of th…
a model of the solar system in which Earth and the other plan…
an oval shape, which may be elongated or nearly circular
the central region of the sun, where nuclear fusion takes place
geocentric
a model of the universe in which Earth is at the center of th…
heliocentric
a model of the solar system in which Earth and the other plan…
71 terms
Earth Science/Formation of Solar System
The early oceans became salty when
About 99% of all matter contained in t…
Which planet is not considered a planet?
Small bodies that orbit planets are ca…
dissolved solids were carried from land into the oceans
the sun
Pluto
moons
The early oceans became salty when
dissolved solids were carried from land into the oceans
About 99% of all matter contained in t…
the sun
31 terms
Science LEAP: Earth in the Solar System (Eagle)
A. supernova
D. red giant and then white dwarf
D. in the upper half of the diagram
B. large and blue-white
Very massive stars have a much shorter life cycle than main-s…
Stars of different sizes have different life cycles. What are…
Several factors affect the brightness of stars as seen from E…
An astronomer discovers a new star that would be placed at th…
A. supernova
Very massive stars have a much shorter life cycle than main-s…
D. red giant and then white dwarf
Stars of different sizes have different life cycles. What are…
67 terms
Earth Science - Space and Our Solar System
electromagnetic spectrum
refracting telescope
reflecting telescope
observatories
All of the frequencies or wavelengths of electromagnetic radi…
A telescope that uses convex lenses to gather and focus light
A telescope that uses a curved mirror to collect and focus li…
domed-buildings from which people could study the sky
electromagnetic spectrum
All of the frequencies or wavelengths of electromagnetic radi…
refracting telescope
A telescope that uses convex lenses to gather and focus light
11 terms
Science (earth science) chapter 6 lesson 1 Solar System & lesson 2 the Structure of the Solar System P. 292 -- 312
star
astronomical unit
fusion
solar system
an object that produces its own energy, including heat and li…
the average distance between the sun and the earth is 149, 59…
Inside of the sun hydrogen particles smashing together to mak…
a system of objects of, or around, the sun
star
an object that produces its own energy, including heat and li…
astronomical unit
the average distance between the sun and the earth is 149, 59…
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