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Study sets matching "solar system earth science"

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Study sets matching "solar system earth science"

31 terms
earth science kepler/solar system test
geocentric
heliocentric
retrograde motion
ptolemy
(wrong) the earth is at the center of the solar system... proble…
(correct) sun centered; the earth is rotating and revolving a…
planets appear to move backwards
produced a model that explains the geocentric model and fixes…
geocentric
(wrong) the earth is at the center of the solar system... proble…
heliocentric
(correct) sun centered; the earth is rotating and revolving a…
9 terms
Earth Science - Ch. 15 Solar System
Solar nebula
Planetesimals
Protoplanets
Due to frigid temperatures, the Jovian…
The sun and planets in a rotating cloud of interstellar gases…
Solid pieces of rock and metal that collect in a planetary ne…
created by accretion of planetesimals
contain a high percentage of ices
Solar nebula
The sun and planets in a rotating cloud of interstellar gases…
Planetesimals
Solid pieces of rock and metal that collect in a planetary ne…
11 terms
Earth science Chapter 26 The Sun and the Solar System
aurora
chromosphere
corona
fusion
A glow in the night sky produced in the upper atmosphere by p…
The e inner layer of the sun's atmosphere, located above the…
The outermost layer of the sun's atmosphere, located above th…
The combining of the nuclei of lighter elements to form a hea…
aurora
A glow in the night sky produced in the upper atmosphere by p…
chromosphere
The e inner layer of the sun's atmosphere, located above the…
26 terms
Earth Science Midterm - Formation of Universe/Solar System
astronomy
galaxy
astronomical unit
electromagnetic spectrum
the branch of science that deals with celestial objects, spac…
a system of millions or billions of stars, together with gas…
a unit of measurement equal to 149.6 million kilometers, the…
the range of wavelengths or frequencies over which electromag…
astronomy
the branch of science that deals with celestial objects, spac…
galaxy
a system of millions or billions of stars, together with gas…
21 terms
Science Test: Earth, Moon, and the Solar System
Universe
Force that holds galaxy together
We live in the
The sun is actually a
all of the living things, planets, stars, are galaxies in one…
gravity
Milky Way Galaxy
star
Universe
all of the living things, planets, stars, are galaxies in one…
Force that holds galaxy together
gravity
12 terms
Science Solar System Vocabulary
Rotate
Revolve
Orbit
Axis
to spin around an imaginary axis
to move in a circular or nearly circular path around somethin…
the path an object follows as it revolves
a real or imaginary line that a spinning object turns around
Rotate
to spin around an imaginary axis
Revolve
to move in a circular or nearly circular path around somethin…
18 terms
Earth in the Solar System
All planets within the solar system or…
Their interior structures are also ver…
Inner rocky planets
Outer gas giants
The solar system consists of 4 inner planets and 4 ... outer pla…
The inner rocky planets are much smaller than ... the outer gas…
have a crust, mantle, and ... metallic core, similar to those of…
have a small rocky core that is ... surrounded by metallic and g…
All planets within the solar system or…
The solar system consists of 4 inner planets and 4 ... outer pla…
Their interior structures are also ver…
The inner rocky planets are much smaller than ... the outer gas…
53 terms
Space Science - Solar System
Seasons
Eclipse
Solar System
Sun
The tilt of the earth causes four different _______.
One celestial body obscures another
The sun and its eight planets
A spherical body that makes up 99% of the mass of the solar s…
Seasons
The tilt of the earth causes four different _______.
Eclipse
One celestial body obscures another
32 terms
Earth Science Ch 25, Beyond Our Solar System
constellation
binary star
parallax
light-year
an area of sky with a specific pattern of stars
pair of stars that orbit each other
the slight shift in the apparent position of a nearby star co…
the distance that light travels in a year, about 9.5 trillion…
constellation
an area of sky with a specific pattern of stars
binary star
pair of stars that orbit each other
25 terms
Earth Science: Observing our Solar System and Sun
Early Greek Civilization
Ptolemy
Nicolaus Copernicus
Galileo
stars move, but stay in same positions relative to each other.
discovered Retrograde Motion, revolved around the Earth.
Thought the sun was at the center of the system of planets, h…
Used the telescope to discover more about the planets, showed…
Early Greek Civilization
stars move, but stay in same positions relative to each other.
Ptolemy
discovered Retrograde Motion, revolved around the Earth.
103 terms
Solar System Test Earth and Space Science
Small in mass and diameter
Solid Fe/Ni and Rock
High density - 5g/cm cubed
Rotate slowly - rigid rotators
Terrestrial Planet
Terrestrial Planet
Terrestrial Planet
Terrestrial Planet
Small in mass and diameter
Terrestrial Planet
Solid Fe/Ni and Rock
Terrestrial Planet
11 terms
Mr. Mac's Earth and Space Science Planets of the Solar System
solar system
planet
solar nebula
planetesimal
sun, planets, and all the other objects that revolve around t…
1) Round 2) Orbits the Sun 3) cleared most of its orbit of de…
A large cloud of gas and dust such as the one that formed our…
A small body from which a planet originated in the early stag…
solar system
sun, planets, and all the other objects that revolve around t…
planet
1) Round 2) Orbits the Sun 3) cleared most of its orbit of de…
11 terms
Earth Science Module 9 Observing the Solar System
What scientist was able to decipher an…
If you are standing at the North Pole…
In which way does the Big Dipper move…
Where would you be standing if you too…
Kepler
in a circle around and above you
around in a circle overhead
The north pole
What scientist was able to decipher an…
Kepler
If you are standing at the North Pole…
in a circle around and above you
26 terms
Honors Earth Science (Sun and Solar System)
Rotation
Revolution
Asteroid Belt
Solar Flares
The movement around an axis or center.
The movement of a planetary body around another object.
A circumstance disc in our solar system made up of asteroids,…
An eruption from the surface of the Sun's surface.
Rotation
The movement around an axis or center.
Revolution
The movement of a planetary body around another object.
25 terms
Earth and Space Science Planets and Solar System Review
Theory of how our solar system formed?
Which planet came closest to becoming…
Which planet has a great dark spot?
How lunar Maria are formed or theory m…
The Big Bang
Jupiter
Neptune
From asteroid impacts that triggered lava flooding the surface
Theory of how our solar system formed?
The Big Bang
Which planet came closest to becoming…
Jupiter
25 terms
Earth Science Chapter 20-Earth Science-The Solar System
ASTEROID BELT
ASTEROIDS
CHROMOSPHERE
COMET
The region of the solar system between the orbits of Mars and…
Objects revolving around the sun that are too small and too n…
The middle layer of the sun's atmosphere.
A ball of ice and dust whose orbit is a long, narrow ellipse.
ASTEROID BELT
The region of the solar system between the orbits of Mars and…
ASTEROIDS
Objects revolving around the sun that are too small and too n…
Science: The Solar System and the Universe
asteroids
comets
galaxy
planets
Relatively small celestial bodies that move around the sun ma…
A celestial body moving about the sun, usually in a oval-shap…
A group of stars, gas and dust held together by gravity.
A relatively large object moving around a star.
asteroids
Relatively small celestial bodies that move around the sun ma…
comets
A celestial body moving about the sun, usually in a oval-shap…
15 terms
Earth and the Solar System
Apollo 11
asteroid
asteroid belt
axis
name of the first mission in which people landed on the surfa…
chunk of rock which orbits the sun in an elliptical path
large collection of asteroids located between Mars and Jupiter
imaginary slanted line that runs through the center of the pl…
Apollo 11
name of the first mission in which people landed on the surfa…
asteroid
chunk of rock which orbits the sun in an elliptical path
11 terms
Earth Science Chapter 23; Touring our Solar System
Terrestrial Planet
Jovian Planet
Nebula
Planetestesimal
Are relatively small and rocky-Mercury, Venus, Earth and Mars
Are huge gas giants-Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune
Is a cloud of dust and gas in space
Is the colliding matter formed small, irregularly shaped bodies
Terrestrial Planet
Are relatively small and rocky-Mercury, Venus, Earth and Mars
Jovian Planet
Are huge gas giants-Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune
14 terms
GenScience U2 Earth Ch17 Solar System
star
planet
moon
solar system
glowing ball or hot gas that makes its own energy and light
large object in space that orbits a star such as the sun
natural satellite that orbits a planet
a star, such as the sun, and all of the objects that revolve…
star
glowing ball or hot gas that makes its own energy and light
planet
large object in space that orbits a star such as the sun
11 terms
Science (earth science) chapter 6 lesson 1 Solar System & lesson 2 the Structure of the Solar System P. 292 -- 312
star
astronomical unit
fusion
solar system
an object that produces its own energy, including heat and li…
the average distance between the sun and the earth is 149, 59…
Inside of the sun hydrogen particles smashing together to mak…
a system of objects of, or around, the sun
star
an object that produces its own energy, including heat and li…
astronomical unit
the average distance between the sun and the earth is 149, 59…
24 terms
Earth and the Solar System
solar system
Inner Planets (compared to gas giants)
Outer Planets
Objects in the Solar System
-Mercury, Venus, Earth and Mars... -rocky/terrestrial planets... -n…
-Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune... -gas giants... -lots of moo…
-planets... -asteroids... -meteoroids... -natural satellites (moons)... -…
solar system
Inner Planets (compared to gas giants)
-Mercury, Venus, Earth and Mars... -rocky/terrestrial planets... -n…
9 terms
solar system , planets and Earth
Atmosphere
Constellation
Crust
Hydrosphere
The blanket of gasses that surrounds the Earth
Any of the patterns formed by groups of stars in the night sk…
The rocky surface that makes up the top of the lithosphere an…
Earth's water found in continents and oceans, including the f…
Atmosphere
The blanket of gasses that surrounds the Earth
Constellation
Any of the patterns formed by groups of stars in the night sk…
28 terms
Earth Sc The solar system
What is a light-Year?
How fast does light travel?
A light-year is equal to:
Closest star to Earth other than the s…
It is the distance light ... travels in a vacuum in one year.
Light travels at a speed of 186,000 ... miles a second (700,000,…
5,878,630,000,000 miles ... (~ 6 trillion miles).
Proxima Centauri is 4.3 light-years away.... Light from Proxim…
What is a light-Year?
It is the distance light ... travels in a vacuum in one year.
How fast does light travel?
Light travels at a speed of 186,000 ... miles a second (700,000,…
SOLAR SYSTEM Earth Sci.
Binding/joining atoms what powers the…
Splitting atoms... What we use in nuclear…
The surface of the sun; 6000 degrees C…
Layer of hot gases only seen during an…
Fusion
Fision
Photosphere
Chromosphere
Binding/joining atoms what powers the…
Fusion
Splitting atoms... What we use in nuclear…
Fision
11 terms
Science 8 Final Exam Review Earth & Solar System
convergent boundaries
rock cycle
weathering
hydrosphere
plate tectonic boundary where lithospheric plates collide
relationship between rocks on Earth's surface and deep below…
physical or chemical breakdown of materials at or near Earth'…
all the waters on earth's surface
convergent boundaries
plate tectonic boundary where lithospheric plates collide
rock cycle
relationship between rocks on Earth's surface and deep below…
19 terms
Glencoe Earth Science, Chapter 24-1, The Solar System
Earth-centerd model
Sun-centered model
Copernicus
Galileo
Earth was at the center, surrounded by rotating spheres, one…
Earth revolves around the Sun
1543 Sun-centered model; Earth revolves around Sun, Moon arou…
He saw that Venus had cucles like the Moon. Since Venus was s…
Earth-centerd model
Earth was at the center, surrounded by rotating spheres, one…
Sun-centered model
Earth revolves around the Sun
18 terms
prentice hall earth science chapter 20: our solar system
geocentric
heliocentric
eclipse
core
a model of the solar system in which Earth and other planets…
a model of the solar system in which Earth and other planets…
The partial or total blocking of one object in space by anoth…
The central region of the sun, where nuclear fusion takes pla…
geocentric
a model of the solar system in which Earth and other planets…
heliocentric
a model of the solar system in which Earth and other planets…
19 terms
Glencoe Earth Science, Chapter 24-1, The Solar System
Earth-centerd model
Sun-centered model
Copernicus
Galileo
Earth was at the center, surrounded by rotating spheres, one…
Earth revolves around the Sun
1543 Sun-centered model; Earth revolves around Sun, Moon arou…
He saw that Venus had cucles like the Moon. Since Venus was s…
Earth-centerd model
Earth was at the center, surrounded by rotating spheres, one…
Sun-centered model
Earth revolves around the Sun
16 terms
Earth in Space: Solar System
What is a Astronomical Unit (AU)?
What is a solar system?
What is a planet?
Name the planets in our solar system f…
The distance between the Earth and the Sun
A star and all the objects bound to the star by gravity
An object that orbits a star, is rounded by its own gravity,…
Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Nep…
What is a Astronomical Unit (AU)?
The distance between the Earth and the Sun
What is a solar system?
A star and all the objects bound to the star by gravity
30 terms
Earth Science Unit 4 Test (The Solar System)- Clayton
Geocentric Model
Heliocentric Model
Kepler's 1st Law
Kepler's 2nd Law
early models; earth centered view
currently accepted model; sun centered view
Law of ellipses
Law of equal areas; a planet moves fastest when it is closer…
Geocentric Model
early models; earth centered view
Heliocentric Model
currently accepted model; sun centered view
10 terms
EARTH SCIENCE - Chapter 13 - Our Solar System and Beyond
outer planets
inner planets
universe
satellite
planets farthest from the sun
planets closest to the sun
all the energy and matter that exists
an object that moved around a larger object in space
outer planets
planets farthest from the sun
inner planets
planets closest to the sun
24 terms
Science Dictionary - Solar System
Solar System
Orbit
Revolve
Rotate
Planets and their moons in orbit around a sun, together with…
A curved (elliptical) path around a star or planet
To move around another object
To spin on an axis
Solar System
Planets and their moons in orbit around a sun, together with…
Orbit
A curved (elliptical) path around a star or planet
31 terms
Physical Science The Solar System
geocentric
heliocentric
ellipse
moon
a model of the universe in which Earth is at the center of th…
a model of the solar system in which Earth and the other plan…
an oval shape, which may be elongated or nearly circular, the…
a natural satellite that revolves around a planet
geocentric
a model of the universe in which Earth is at the center of th…
heliocentric
a model of the solar system in which Earth and the other plan…
16 terms
Science: The Solar System and Stars
asteroids
celestial object
comet
planet
Relatively small celestial bodies that move around the sun ma…
An object existing beyond earth's atmosphere.
A celestial body moving about the sun, usually in a oval-shap…
A relatively large object moving around a star.
asteroids
Relatively small celestial bodies that move around the sun ma…
celestial object
An object existing beyond earth's atmosphere.
19 terms
Science Chapter 10 Earth's Place in the Solar System
Axis
Roatation
Revolution
Moon Phases
a line which you cannot see that runs through the center of E…
the spinning of Earth on its axis
the movement of Earth one time around the sun
the different shapes that the moon seems to have in the sky w…
Axis
a line which you cannot see that runs through the center of E…
Roatation
the spinning of Earth on its axis
25 terms
Science- Our Solar System
telescope
magnify
sun
planet
a tool that makes distant objects appear larger, brighter, an…
make an object appear larger
the nearest star to Earth
a large body of rock or gas in space that moves around a star
telescope
a tool that makes distant objects appear larger, brighter, an…
magnify
make an object appear larger
31 terms
Earth in the Solar System
What are Galaxies?
What is the shape of a spiral galaxy?
What is the shape of an elliptical gal…
What is the shape of an irregular gala…
Collection of stars, dust, and gas bound together by gravity.
What are Galaxies?
Collection of stars, dust, and gas bound together by gravity.
What is the shape of a spiral galaxy?
10 terms
Solar System/Earth
solar system
moon
star
constellation
made up of the Sun and the objects that move around it
an object that revolves around a planet
a hot, glowing ball of gases
a group of stars that seem to form a picture
solar system
made up of the Sun and the objects that move around it
moon
an object that revolves around a planet
25 terms
Earth Science - Topic 1 - Global Systems and Solar Energy
System
Open System
Closed System
Isolated System
an object or group of objects that are to be studied
The oceans. Allows all energy and matter to cross the system.
The earth. Allows only energy but no matter to cross the boun…
The universe. No energy or matter can flow across the boundary.
System
an object or group of objects that are to be studied
Open System
The oceans. Allows all energy and matter to cross the system.
36 terms
Earth Science: BEYOND EARTH: THE SUN-EARTH-MOON SYSTEM; THE SOLAR SYSTEM; STARS
What are the long trails of ejecta tha…
Why is there no erosion on the Moon?
The sun is over what during the summer…
What type of telescope uses mirrors to…
rays
There is no atmosphere
Tropic of Cancer
Reflecting
What are the long trails of ejecta tha…
rays
Why is there no erosion on the Moon?
There is no atmosphere
10 terms
The Earth- Solar System and Plate Tectonics
Solar System
Solar energy
Earth's crust
Earth's mantle
the collection of eight planets and their moons in orbit arou…
energy from the sun
The solid, outer player of earth
The 2nd layer made of molten rock (thickest part of earth)
Solar System
the collection of eight planets and their moons in orbit arou…
Solar energy
energy from the sun
18 terms
Earth in the Solar System
Force
gravity
orbit
revolution
a push or a pull exerted on an object in order to change the…
the force of attraction between objects that is due to their…
the path that a body follows as it travels around another bod…
the motion of a body that travels around another body in spac…
Force
a push or a pull exerted on an object in order to change the…
gravity
the force of attraction between objects that is due to their…
17 terms
Earth Science Chapter 20 Solar System Key Terms
Jovian Planets
Terrestrial Planets
meteoroids
terrae
refer to a group of four planets in the solar system. They ar…
terrestrial planet, telluric planet, or rocky planet is a pla…
a small body moving in the solar system that would become a m…
A rough highland or mountainous region of the moon with a rel…
Jovian Planets
refer to a group of four planets in the solar system. They ar…
Terrestrial Planets
terrestrial planet, telluric planet, or rocky planet is a pla…
22 terms
The Solar System - Earth and Space
Kuiper
Nebula
Triton
Mercury
belt of comets that mark the far reaches of our solar system
this collapsed to form our solar system
moon that rotates in the opposite direction
the smallest planet
Kuiper
belt of comets that mark the far reaches of our solar system
Nebula
this collapsed to form our solar system
5 terms
Earth in the solar system
period of revolution
period of rotation
retrograde rotation
astronomical unit
the time it takes for an object to go around the sun
the time it takes an object to spin around once
the clockwise spin of an object
the average distance between the sun and earth
period of revolution
the time it takes for an object to go around the sun
period of rotation
the time it takes an object to spin around once
16 terms
Solar System & Life Beyond Earth
solar system
gravity
astronomical unit (AU)
planet
The system consisting of the sun and the planets and other ob…
The attractive force between objects. Two main factors determ…
A unit of distance equal to the average distance between Eart…
An object that orbits a star, is large enough to have become…
solar system
The system consisting of the sun and the planets and other ob…
gravity
The attractive force between objects. Two main factors determ…
26 terms
prentice hall earth science chapter 20: our solar system - easy
geocentric
heliocentric
ellipse
core
belief that everything revolved around the Earth
Earth and other planets revolve around the sun
an oval shape
central region
geocentric
belief that everything revolved around the Earth
heliocentric
Earth and other planets revolve around the sun
10 terms
Solar System and the Earth Study Guide
Order of the planets
2 things that cause seasons on Earth.
Surface of the Earth
Terrestrial planets
Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune
The tilt of the Earth. The Earth's revolution around the Sun.
Mostly water.
4 inner planets: Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars
Order of the planets
Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune
2 things that cause seasons on Earth.
The tilt of the Earth. The Earth's revolution around the Sun.
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