Study sets matching "solar system earth science"

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Study sets matching "solar system earth science"

17 terms
Kerns Science 2017 - U7 Solar System & Earth Formation
Gravity
Solar Nebula
Solar Wind
Accretion
The force of attraction between two masses
A nebula formed from a supernova creating a later generation…
A stream of charged particles from a star, carries materials…
Collision and growth of an object by electrostatic and gravit…
Gravity
The force of attraction between two masses
Solar Nebula
A nebula formed from a supernova creating a later generation…
Mr. Mac's Earth and Space Science Minor Bodies in the Solar System
satellite
moon
mare
crater
A projectile or small celestial body that orbits a larger cel…
A natural satellite that revolves around a planet.
A term used to describe a large, circular plain. The word mar…
A large round pit caused by the impact of a meteoroid.
satellite
A projectile or small celestial body that orbits a larger cel…
moon
A natural satellite that revolves around a planet.
26 terms
Earth Science Midterm - Formation of Universe/Solar System
astronomy
galaxy
astronomical unit
electromagnetic spectrum
the branch of science that deals with celestial objects, spac…
a system of millions or billions of stars, together with gas…
a unit of measurement equal to 149.6 million kilometers, the…
the range of wavelengths or frequencies over which electromag…
astronomy
the branch of science that deals with celestial objects, spac…
galaxy
a system of millions or billions of stars, together with gas…
Earth Science Chapter 20-Earth Science-The Solar System
ASTEROID BELT
ASTEROIDS
CHROMOSPHERE
COMET
The region of the solar system between the orbits of Mars and…
Objects revolving around the sun that are too small and too n…
The middle layer of the sun's atmosphere.
A ball of ice and dust whose orbit is a long, narrow ellipse.
ASTEROID BELT
The region of the solar system between the orbits of Mars and…
ASTEROIDS
Objects revolving around the sun that are too small and too n…
Earth Solar System 2
Law of Equal Areas
Red Shift
Blue Shift
Doppler Effect
describes the speed at which an given planet moves through sp…
A shift toward longer wavelengths of the spectral lines emitt…
the displacement of the spectrum to shorter wavelengths in th…
A change in sound frequency caused by motion of the sound sou…
Law of Equal Areas
describes the speed at which an given planet moves through sp…
Red Shift
A shift toward longer wavelengths of the spectral lines emitt…
64 terms
Our Solar System (Ch. 29) - Earth Science
What does the term "Geocentric" suggest?
What does the term "Heliocentric" sugg…
What is retrograde rotation?
Who suggested that the sun was the cen…
That the Earth is the center of the universe.
That the sun is the center of the universe.
When a planet moves the opposite way it's supposed to.
Copernicus
What does the term "Geocentric" suggest?
That the Earth is the center of the universe.
What does the term "Heliocentric" sugg…
That the sun is the center of the universe.
6 terms
Earth & Space: The Solar System
Telescopes
Functions of a Telescope
Jovian Planets
Terrestrial Planets
Span the entire length of the electromagnetic spectrum. ... Shor…
Light-gathering power-Able to see... Resolving Power- Detail of…
Larger and primarily made up of gas, they include Jupiter, Sa…
Smaller and primarily composed of rock and metal, they includ…
Telescopes
Span the entire length of the electromagnetic spectrum. ... Shor…
Functions of a Telescope
Light-gathering power-Able to see... Resolving Power- Detail of…
Earth in the Solar System
solar system
orbit
revolve
rotate
sun, planets, and all the other objects that revolve around t…
The path of an object as it moves around another object in sp…
to travel around something in a circle
to spin in place
solar system
sun, planets, and all the other objects that revolve around t…
orbit
The path of an object as it moves around another object in sp…
25 terms
Cornell Notes-Klein Science-Earth and the Solar System
Earth
Rotation
Tides
Satellite
the planet on which we live; the world.
the action of rotating around an axis or center.
the alternate rising and falling of the sea, usually twice in…
an artificial body placed in orbit around the earth or moon o…
Earth
the planet on which we live; the world.
Rotation
the action of rotating around an axis or center.
24 terms
Earth science vocab unit 2 solar system
Northern lights/aurora borealis
Aphelion
Chrome-sphere
Core
actually the result of collisions between gaseous particles i…
the point in the orbit of a planet, asteroid, or comet at whi…
a reddish gaseous layer above the photosphere of the sun. Tog…
he core is made primarily of iron and nickel and has two part…
Northern lights/aurora borealis
actually the result of collisions between gaseous particles i…
Aphelion
the point in the orbit of a planet, asteroid, or comet at whi…
earth science Solar system chapter 27
Alpha centauri
Astronomical unit (AU)
Mass
Milky way
Next nearest star
Average distance from the sun
How much matter is in something
Cloudy band across the night sky rotating around the center o…
Alpha centauri
Next nearest star
Astronomical unit (AU)
Average distance from the sun
21 terms
Science Test: Earth, Moon, and the Solar System
Universe
Force that holds galaxy together
We live in the
The sun is actually a
all of the living things, planets, stars, are galaxies in one…
gravity
Milky Way Galaxy
star
Universe
all of the living things, planets, stars, are galaxies in one…
Force that holds galaxy together
gravity
Earth Science Test Review: Sun and Solar System
Rotation
Revolution
Asteroid Belt
Solar Flares
One spin on Earth's axis
The time it takes for a planetary body to make one orbit arou…
Circumstellar disc occupied by asteroids or minor planets
A brief eruption of intense high-energy radiation or light on…
Rotation
One spin on Earth's axis
Revolution
The time it takes for a planetary body to make one orbit arou…
Earth in the Solar System
Gravity
Inertia
Orbit
Revolution
is a force of attraction or pull between tow objects
is the tendency of a moving object to keep moving in a straig…
is a path one object takes around another object.
one complete trip around the Sun.
Gravity
is a force of attraction or pull between tow objects
Inertia
is the tendency of a moving object to keep moving in a straig…
29 terms
Earth and the Solar System 1a- Science 8 Summit
Moon Phases
1 Month
The location of a full moon
Full Moon
Us being able to see different amounts of the lit side of the…
How much time it takes for the moon to revolve once around th…
On the Opposite side of Earth
The name of the fullest, brightest moon
Moon Phases
Us being able to see different amounts of the lit side of the…
1 Month
How much time it takes for the moon to revolve once around th…
11 terms
IN CORE Earth and Space Science--Solar System and the Universe
Star
Solar system
Galaxy
magnitude
an object in the universe that differs in size, mass, color,…
a vast region of space that includes the sun, planets, and al…
a huge collection of stars
the amount of light a star gives off
Star
an object in the universe that differs in size, mass, color,…
Solar system
a vast region of space that includes the sun, planets, and al…
12 terms
Science Solar System Vocabulary
Rotate
Revolve
Orbit
Axis
to spin around an imaginary axis
to move in a circular or nearly circular path around somethin…
the path an object follows as it revolves
a real or imaginary line that a spinning object turns around
Rotate
to spin around an imaginary axis
Revolve
to move in a circular or nearly circular path around somethin…
103 terms
Solar System Test Earth and Space Science
Small in mass and diameter
Solid Fe/Ni and Rock
High density - 5g/cm cubed
Rotate slowly - rigid rotators
Terrestrial Planet
Terrestrial Planet
Terrestrial Planet
Terrestrial Planet
Small in mass and diameter
Terrestrial Planet
Solid Fe/Ni and Rock
Terrestrial Planet
53 terms
Space Science - Solar System
Seasons
Eclipse
Solar System
Sun
The tilt of the earth causes four different _______.
One celestial body obscures another
The sun and its eight planets
A spherical body that makes up 99% of the mass of the solar s…
Seasons
The tilt of the earth causes four different _______.
Eclipse
One celestial body obscures another
Earth Science Module 9 Observing the Solar System
What scientist was able to decipher an…
If you are standing at the North Pole…
In which way does the Big Dipper move…
Where would you be standing if you too…
Kepler
in a circle around and above you
around in a circle overhead
The north pole
What scientist was able to decipher an…
Kepler
If you are standing at the North Pole…
in a circle around and above you
28 terms
Semester 2: Science the Earth, Moon, and Solar System
Astronomical Unit
Mercury
Venus
Earth
Distance from the sun to Earth
Distance from the sun: .4 AU... Composition: terrestrial ... Size:…
Distance from the sun: .7 AU... Composition: terrestrial... Size: 1…
Distance from the sun: 1 AU ... Composition: terrestrial ... Size:…
Astronomical Unit
Distance from the sun to Earth
Mercury
Distance from the sun: .4 AU... Composition: terrestrial ... Size:…
Science exam: solar system, earth and moon
Period of revolution
One year
Period Of rotation
a day on that planet
The time it takes a planet to move one revolution around the…
How long is a planets period of revolution?
The time it takes a planet to make one rotation on its axis.
How long is one period of rotation?
Period of revolution
The time it takes a planet to move one revolution around the…
One year
How long is a planets period of revolution?
11 terms
Earth Science Chapter 23; Touring our Solar System
Terrestrial Planet
Jovian Planet
Nebula
Planetestesimal
Are relatively small and rocky-Mercury, Venus, Earth and Mars
Are huge gas giants-Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune
Is a cloud of dust and gas in space
Is the colliding matter formed small, irregularly shaped bodies
Terrestrial Planet
Are relatively small and rocky-Mercury, Venus, Earth and Mars
Jovian Planet
Are huge gas giants-Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune
24 terms
Earth and the Solar System
solar system
Inner Planets (compared to gas giants)
Outer Planets
Objects in the Solar System
-Mercury, Venus, Earth and Mars... -rocky/terrestrial planets... -n…
-Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune... -gas giants... -lots of moo…
-planets... -asteroids... -meteoroids... -natural satellites (moons)... -…
solar system
Inner Planets (compared to gas giants)
-Mercury, Venus, Earth and Mars... -rocky/terrestrial planets... -n…
solar system , planets and Earth
Atmosphere
Constellation
Crust
Hydrosphere
The blanket of gasses that surrounds the Earth
Any of the patterns formed by groups of stars in the night sk…
The rocky surface that makes up the top of the lithosphere an…
Earth's water found in continents and oceans, including the f…
Atmosphere
The blanket of gasses that surrounds the Earth
Constellation
Any of the patterns formed by groups of stars in the night sk…
21 terms
Earth and the Solar System
Revolves
Orbit
Rotates
Axis
traveling in a closed path, around the sun.
the path Earth takes as it revolves
spins on its axis
an imaginary line that passes through Earth's center and its…
Revolves
traveling in a closed path, around the sun.
Orbit
the path Earth takes as it revolves
Earth Science Unit 4 Test (The Solar System)- Clayton
Geocentric Model
Heliocentric Model
Kepler's 1st Law
Kepler's 2nd Law
early models; earth centered view
currently accepted model; sun centered view
Law of ellipses
Law of equal areas; a planet moves fastest when it is closer…
Geocentric Model
early models; earth centered view
Heliocentric Model
currently accepted model; sun centered view
Earth Science 9, Chapter 3, Solar System
Solar system
Geocentric
retrograde motion
heliocentric
collection of planets and their moons in orbit around the sun…
having or representing the earth as the center as in former a…
is the apparent motion of a planet in a direction opposite to…
having or representing the sun as the center
Solar system
collection of planets and their moons in orbit around the sun…
Geocentric
having or representing the earth as the center as in former a…
11 terms
Science 8 Final Exam Review Earth & Solar System
convergent boundaries
rock cycle
weathering
hydrosphere
plate tectonic boundary where lithospheric plates collide
relationship between rocks on Earth's surface and deep below…
physical or chemical breakdown of materials at or near Earth'…
all the waters on earth's surface
convergent boundaries
plate tectonic boundary where lithospheric plates collide
rock cycle
relationship between rocks on Earth's surface and deep below…
Science: The Solar System and the Universe
asteroids
comets
galaxy
planets
Relatively small celestial bodies that move around the sun ma…
A celestial body moving about the sun, usually in a oval-shap…
A group of stars, gas and dust held together by gravity.
A relatively large object moving around a star.
asteroids
Relatively small celestial bodies that move around the sun ma…
comets
A celestial body moving about the sun, usually in a oval-shap…
Earth Science Chapter 20 Solar System Key Terms
Jovian Planets
Terrestrial Planets
meteoroids
terrae
refer to a group of four planets in the solar system. They ar…
terrestrial planet, telluric planet, or rocky planet is a pla…
a small body moving in the solar system that would become a m…
A rough highland or mountainous region of the moon with a rel…
Jovian Planets
refer to a group of four planets in the solar system. They ar…
Terrestrial Planets
terrestrial planet, telluric planet, or rocky planet is a pla…
28 terms
Earth Science - The Solar System - Study Sheet
rotate
revolve
gravity
Earth-Moon system
When an object spins on its axis.... The Sun, Earth and Moon eac…
When an object moves around another object.... The force of grav…
The force of attraction between two objects.... The larger the o…
Term that describes the relationship between the Earth and th…
rotate
When an object spins on its axis.... The Sun, Earth and Moon eac…
revolve
When an object moves around another object.... The force of grav…
6 terms
The Earth and the Solar System
eclipse
orbit
revolution
rotation
an alignment of the sun, moon, earth in which the moon blocks…
the path of an object in space as it travels around another o…
the movement of an object around another object. For example,…
the spin of something on its axis. For example, it takes the…
eclipse
an alignment of the sun, moon, earth in which the moon blocks…
orbit
the path of an object in space as it travels around another o…
26 terms
prentice hall earth science chapter 20: our solar system
geocentric
heliocentric
ellipse
core
belief that everything revolved around the Earth
Earth and other planets revolve around the sun
an oval shape
central region
geocentric
belief that everything revolved around the Earth
heliocentric
Earth and other planets revolve around the sun
25 terms
Earth and Space Science Planets and Solar System Review
Theory of how our solar system formed?
Which planet came closest to becoming…
Which planet has a great dark spot?
How lunar Maria are formed or theory m…
The Big Bang
Jupiter
Neptune
From asteroid impacts that triggered lava flooding the surface
Theory of how our solar system formed?
The Big Bang
Which planet came closest to becoming…
Jupiter
25 terms
Science- Our Solar System
telescope
magnify
sun
planet
a tool that makes distant objects appear larger, brighter, an…
make an object appear larger
the nearest star to Earth
a large body of rock or gas in space that moves around a star
telescope
a tool that makes distant objects appear larger, brighter, an…
magnify
make an object appear larger
28 terms
Earth Sc The solar system
What is a light-Year?
How fast does light travel?
A light-year is equal to:
Closest star to Earth other than the s…
It is the distance light ... travels in a vacuum in one year.
Light travels at a speed of 186,000 ... miles a second (700,000,…
5,878,630,000,000 miles ... (~ 6 trillion miles).
Proxima Centauri is 4.3 light-years away.... Light from Proxim…
What is a light-Year?
It is the distance light ... travels in a vacuum in one year.
How fast does light travel?
Light travels at a speed of 186,000 ... miles a second (700,000,…
12 terms
Science Chapter 10 Earth's Place in the Solar System
axis
rotation
revolution
moon phases
the imaginary line that runs through the center of the Earth…
the spinning of Earth on its axis
the movement of Earth one time around the sun
the different shapes that the moon seems to have in the sky w…
axis
the imaginary line that runs through the center of the Earth…
rotation
the spinning of Earth on its axis
Earth Science Module 9 Solar System - Introduction
Select all of the characteristics that…
Asteroids are primarily found in the b…
Which of the following are characteris…
A comet's tail is as a result of _____…
low density... gaseous... solid iron core
between Jupiter and Mars
dense core... rocky landmass... high density
solar wind blowing particles off the comet nucleus as it is n…
Select all of the characteristics that…
low density... gaseous... solid iron core
Asteroids are primarily found in the b…
between Jupiter and Mars
earth, solar system
Earth
orbit
solar system
astronomer
the planet we live on
to move around
the sun and the planets that move around it
studies the objects in the sky
Earth
the planet we live on
orbit
to move around
19 terms
Glencoe Earth Science, Chapter 24-1, The Solar System
Earth-centerd model
Sun-centered model
Copernicus
Galileo
Earth was at the center, surrounded by rotating spheres, one…
Earth revolves around the Sun
1543 Sun-centered model; Earth revolves around Sun, Moon arou…
He saw that Venus had cucles like the Moon. Since Venus was s…
Earth-centerd model
Earth was at the center, surrounded by rotating spheres, one…
Sun-centered model
Earth revolves around the Sun
11 terms
Science (earth science) chapter 6 lesson 1 Solar System & lesson 2 the Structure of the Solar System P. 292 -- 312
star
astronomical unit
fusion
solar system
an object that produces its own energy, including heat and li…
the average distance between the sun and the earth is 149, 59…
Inside of the sun hydrogen particles smashing together to mak…
a system of objects of, or around, the sun
star
an object that produces its own energy, including heat and li…
astronomical unit
the average distance between the sun and the earth is 149, 59…
8 terms
earths solar system and earth
what planets are the gas giants?
Asteroids
Stars
Planets
jupiter, saturn, uranus, and neptune
chunks of rock that orbit a star and could be called space po…
Classified by color, size, and brightness
The 7 planets are mercury, venus, earth, mars, jupiter, satur…
what planets are the gas giants?
jupiter, saturn, uranus, and neptune
Asteroids
chunks of rock that orbit a star and could be called space po…
solar system Earth
some notable things about the earth's…
plate tectonics
strato / composite volcano
why do leap years exist?
oceans... thick atmosphere... difference between continental and oc…
earth's peculiar cooling process. Causes mountains.
volcano caused by plate tectonics. Does not seem to appear in…
orbital period of 365.25 days
some notable things about the earth's…
oceans... thick atmosphere... difference between continental and oc…
plate tectonics
earth's peculiar cooling process. Causes mountains.
Earth science Chapter 26 The Sun and the Solar System
aurora
chromosphere
corona
fusion
A glow in the night sky produced in the upper atmosphere by p…
The e inner layer of the sun's atmosphere, located above the…
The outermost layer of the sun's atmosphere, located above th…
The combining of the nuclei of lighter elements to form a hea…
aurora
A glow in the night sky produced in the upper atmosphere by p…
chromosphere
The e inner layer of the sun's atmosphere, located above the…
12 terms
Earth & The Solar System 1B- Science 8 Summit
Planet
Sun
Geocentric
Heliocentric
a large body in space that orbits a star and does not produce…
a medium sized star at the center of the solar system
a model of the universe in which Earth is at the center of th…
a model of the solar system in which earth & the other planet…
Planet
a large body in space that orbits a star and does not produce…
Sun
a medium sized star at the center of the solar system
11 terms
Solar System and the Universe (Earth and Space Science)
Star
Solar system
Galaxy
Magnitude
An object in the universe that differs in size, mass, color,…
A vast region of space that includes the sun, planets, and al…
A huge collection of stars.
The amount of light a star gives off.
Star
An object in the universe that differs in size, mass, color,…
Solar system
A vast region of space that includes the sun, planets, and al…
42 terms
Formation of Earth and Solar system
Earth's structure
Earth's internal structure
Peridotite
Xenolith
Crust: Continental 25-90km thick... Oceanic 6-11km thick... Lithos…
Crust ... Upper mantle... Transition zone... Lower mantle... Outer core... I…
A dense, coarse grained plutonic rock containing a large amou…
A piece of rock within an igneous mass which isn;t derived fr…
Earth's structure
Crust: Continental 25-90km thick... Oceanic 6-11km thick... Lithos…
Earth's internal structure
Crust ... Upper mantle... Transition zone... Lower mantle... Outer core... I…
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