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Study sets matching "solar system science astronomy"

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Study sets matching "solar system science astronomy"

24 terms
Science - Astronomy (The Solar System)
The sun
The sun is made up of.....
The Sun is how old?
How many layers does the Sun have?
A typical medium sized star in the center of our solar system…
73% of hydrogen and 25% helium with the rest are heavier meta…
4.5 billion years old
6 main layers
The sun
A typical medium sized star in the center of our solar system…
The sun is made up of.....
73% of hydrogen and 25% helium with the rest are heavier meta…
43 terms
Science- Astronomy- Solar System
How many plants are in our solar system
How many of the plants are gas
Why are there gas plants and rocky pla…
what is a solar nebula
9 planets
4 of the plants are gas
There are both gas plants and rocky plants because of how the…
it is a massive cloud of gas and dust that forms our solar sy…
How many plants are in our solar system
9 planets
How many of the plants are gas
4 of the plants are gas
12 terms
JC Science Astronomy and the Solar System
Heliocentric model
Geocentric model
Planet
Star
Model of the solar system with the Sun at the center
Model of the solar system with the Earth at the center
Orbits a star... Is round in shape... Can clear its orbit of other…
Hot, glowing sphere of gas
Heliocentric model
Model of the solar system with the Sun at the center
Geocentric model
Model of the solar system with the Earth at the center
Science- Astronomy- The Solar System Vocab
star
artificial satellite
light-year
1 light year =
an enormous, spinning sphere of glowing gases that gives off…
a HUMAN MADE satellite used for research, communication, weat…
the distance light can travel in a year
5.9 trillion miles
star
an enormous, spinning sphere of glowing gases that gives off…
artificial satellite
a HUMAN MADE satellite used for research, communication, weat…
10 terms
Astronomy "The Solar System"
Comet
Oort Cloud
Asteroids
Asteroid Belt
A small body of ice, rock, and cosmic dust that follows an el…
A spherical region of comets that surrounds the solar system.
Rocky, metallic objects that orbit the sun but are too small…
The Rocky material that orbits the Sun between Mars and Jupit…
Comet
A small body of ice, rock, and cosmic dust that follows an el…
Oort Cloud
A spherical region of comets that surrounds the solar system.
46 terms
Astronomy - Science Chapter 3 Solar System
Geocentric
Heliocentric
ellipse
What are the geocentric and heliocentr…
A model of the universe in which Earth is at the center of th…
A model of the solar system in which Earth and the other plan…
An oval shape, which may be enlongated or nearly circular, th…
Geocentirc- Earth is at the center of the revolving planets... H…
Geocentric
A model of the universe in which Earth is at the center of th…
Heliocentric
A model of the solar system in which Earth and the other plan…
21 terms
science solar system astronomy review
proposed a heliocentric universe
explains the physics that cause planet…
planets orbit around the sun countercl…
observed that planets appear to be mov…
Nicolas copernicus
Nicolas copernicus
Nicolas copernicus
ancient greeks
proposed a heliocentric universe
Nicolas copernicus
explains the physics that cause planet…
Nicolas copernicus
29 terms
Earth Science: Astronomy/Solar System
planet
solar system
orbital period
satellite/moon
a celestial body moving in an elliptical orbit around a star
the collection of eight planets and their moons in orbit arou…
the time taken for a given orbit around another object
celestial body orbiting the earth or another planet
planet
a celestial body moving in an elliptical orbit around a star
solar system
the collection of eight planets and their moons in orbit arou…
5 terms
Science Astronomy Benchmark- Solar System
List order of the planets from closest…
What is the shape of the orbits the pl…
why do our planets stay in orbit aroun…
what is the distance from the earth to…
mercury venus earth mars jupiter saturn uranus neptune
Ellipse
Suns gravitational pull because of the mass. Greater mass mea…
223,000 miles
List order of the planets from closest…
mercury venus earth mars jupiter saturn uranus neptune
What is the shape of the orbits the pl…
Ellipse
34 terms
Astronomy - Science Chapter 3 Solar System
ellipse
What are the geocentric and heliocentr…
Copernicus
Galileo
An oval shape, which may be elongated or nearly circular, the…
Geocentric- Earth is at the center of the revolving planets... H…
Was able to work out the arrangment of the known planets and…
used the telescope to make discoveries that supported the hel…
ellipse
An oval shape, which may be elongated or nearly circular, the…
What are the geocentric and heliocentr…
Geocentric- Earth is at the center of the revolving planets... H…
19 terms
Astronomy: The Solar System vocab
planet
orbit
Mercury
Venus
an object that orbits the Sun, has a nearly spherical shape,…
the path an object follows as it moves around another object
1st planet from the Sun; smallest planet in the solar system
2nd planet from the Sun; about the same size as Earth
planet
an object that orbits the Sun, has a nearly spherical shape,…
orbit
the path an object follows as it moves around another object
30 terms
SB Astronomy -- Solar System
Theory of how the universe was formed
Earth centered model of the solar system
Sun centered model of the solar system
Discovered that Venus goes though phases
Big Bang Theory
Geocentric system
Heliocentric system
Galileo
Theory of how the universe was formed
Big Bang Theory
Earth centered model of the solar system
Geocentric system
34 terms
Astronomy - Science Chapter 3 Solar System
ellipse
What are the geocentric and heliocentr…
Copernicus
Galileo
An oval shape, which may be elongated or nearly circular, the…
Geocentric- Earth is at the center of the revolving planets... H…
Was able to work out the arrangment of the known planets and…
used the telescope to make discoveries that supported the hel…
ellipse
An oval shape, which may be elongated or nearly circular, the…
What are the geocentric and heliocentr…
Geocentric- Earth is at the center of the revolving planets... H…
13 terms
Solar System Astronomy
Jovian Planets
Terrestrial Planets
As Distance from Sun Increases
Ellipse
outer planets; Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune
Inner planets; Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars
Period of Revolution Increases (Longer Year)
A stretched out circle. Shape of all planetary orbits
Jovian Planets
outer planets; Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune
Terrestrial Planets
Inner planets; Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars
21 terms
Astronomy-The Solar System
asteroids
celestial object
comets
galaxy
Relatively small celestial bodies that move around the sun ma…
An object existing beyond earth's atmosphere.
A celestial body moving about the sun, usually in a oval-shap…
A group of stars, gas and dust held together by gravity.
asteroids
Relatively small celestial bodies that move around the sun ma…
celestial object
An object existing beyond earth's atmosphere.
46 terms
Astronomy - Science Chapter 3 Solar System
Geocentric
Heliocentric
ellipse
What are the geocentric and heliocentr…
A model of the universe in which Earth is at the center of th…
A model of the solar system in which Earth and the other plan…
An oval shape, which may be enlongated or nearly circular, th…
Geocentirc- Earth is at the center of the revolving planets... H…
Geocentric
A model of the universe in which Earth is at the center of th…
Heliocentric
A model of the solar system in which Earth and the other plan…
[Science] (ES.3) Astronomy {Earth & Solar System}
What is an astronomical unit?
What are the two types of planets?
What are characteristics of terrestria…
What are the characteristics of Jovian…
The distance of the Earth to the Sun
Terrestrial / Inner & Jovian / Outer / Gas Giants
Small, Rocky, High Density, Slow Rotation
Large, Gaseous, Low Density, Quick Rotation
What is an astronomical unit?
The distance of the Earth to the Sun
What are the two types of planets?
Terrestrial / Inner & Jovian / Outer / Gas Giants
38 terms
Astronomy Solar System Unit
Lift
Center of Lift
Center of Mass
Staging of rockets
An upward force
the point at which all of the lift on the airplane is conside…
The average location of all the mass in an object. It is repr…
The process whereby sections of the rocket that are used are…
Lift
An upward force
Center of Lift
the point at which all of the lift on the airplane is conside…
15 terms
Our Solar System - Astronomy (Elemental Science)
Photosphere
Prominence
Solar wind
Sunspot
The surface of the Sun
Large eruptions or loops of flaming gas from the Sun's surface
A constant stream of particles that flow into space from the…
Dark, cooler areas of the Sun's photosphere
Photosphere
The surface of the Sun
Prominence
Large eruptions or loops of flaming gas from the Sun's surface
24 terms
Astronomy 3: The Solar System
geocentric
heliocentric
nuclear fusion
radiation zone
a model of the universe in which Earth is at the center of th…
a model of the solar system in which Earth and the other plan…
a nuclear reaction in which atomic nuclei of low atomic numbe…
a region of very tightly packed gas in the sun's interior whe…
geocentric
a model of the universe in which Earth is at the center of th…
heliocentric
a model of the solar system in which Earth and the other plan…
14 terms
Science: Astronomy - Origin of the Galaxy and Solar System
Geocentric
Heliocentric
What is a heliocentric system?
How did the universe begin?
The Greeks had a geocentric view—they thought the Earth was a…
Aristarchus was the first Greek to believe in the heliocentri…
Copernicus proposed a ... heliocentric view of the solar system—…
The current understanding of the how the universe began is de…
Geocentric
The Greeks had a geocentric view—they thought the Earth was a…
Heliocentric
Aristarchus was the first Greek to believe in the heliocentri…
18 terms
Astronomy Solar System Review
Mars
Jupiter
Saturn
Uranus
4th planet from the Sun
largest planet
6th planet from the Sun
coldest of all planets
Mars
4th planet from the Sun
Jupiter
largest planet
10 terms
Astronomy "The Solar System"
Comet
Oort Cloud
Asteroids
Asteroid Belt
A small body of ice, rock, and cosmic dust that follows an el…
A spherical region of comets that surrounds the solar system.
Rocky, metallic objects that orbit the sun but are too small…
The Rocky material that orbits the Sun between Mars and Jupit…
Comet
A small body of ice, rock, and cosmic dust that follows an el…
Oort Cloud
A spherical region of comets that surrounds the solar system.
10 terms
Astronomy "The Solar System"
Comet
Oort Cloud
Asteroids
Asteroid Belt
A small body of ice, rock, and cosmic dust that follows an el…
A spherical region of comets that surrounds the solar system.
Rocky, metallic objects that orbit the sun but are too small…
The Rocky material that orbits the Sun between Mars and Jupit…
Comet
A small body of ice, rock, and cosmic dust that follows an el…
Oort Cloud
A spherical region of comets that surrounds the solar system.
20 terms
Astronomy: Solar System Motion
Day
Year
Month
Counterclockwise
The amount of time it takes for Earth to rotate on it's axis…
The amount of time it takes for the Earth to revolve around t…
The amount of time it takes for the moon to revolve around th…
movement in the opposite direction of the hands of a clock.
Day
The amount of time it takes for Earth to rotate on it's axis…
Year
The amount of time it takes for the Earth to revolve around t…
20 terms
Science chapter 2 astronomy formation of the solar system
Solar system
Nebulas
Solar nebula
Planetesimals
Composed of thw sun(a star) and the planets and other bidies…
Dust and gas clump together in huge interstellar clouds
The name of the nebula that formed into our own solar system
Bits of dust within the solar
Solar system
Composed of thw sun(a star) and the planets and other bidies…
Nebulas
Dust and gas clump together in huge interstellar clouds
60 terms
Astronomy- Solar System Overview
meotor
meotorite
meotoroid
star
burned up rock that comes through our atmosphere (shooting st…
when meotor lands on Earth
before the rock comes in contact with Earth's atmosphere
ball of gas that is extremely hot undergoing nuclear reaction
meotor
burned up rock that comes through our atmosphere (shooting st…
meotorite
when meotor lands on Earth
10 terms
Astronomy "The Solar System"
Comet
Oort Cloud
Asteroids
Asteroid Belt
A small body of ice, rock, and cosmic dust that follows an el…
A spherical region of comets that surrounds the solar system.
Rocky, metallic objects that orbit the sun but are too small…
The Rocky material that orbits the Sun between Mars and Jupit…
Comet
A small body of ice, rock, and cosmic dust that follows an el…
Oort Cloud
A spherical region of comets that surrounds the solar system.
29 terms
Astronomy Chapter 3 The Solar System
Geocentric
Heliocentric
Ellipse
Core
System based on an Earth-centered model.
System based on a sun-centered model.
An oval shape that may be elongated or nearly circular.
Central region.
Geocentric
System based on an Earth-centered model.
Heliocentric
System based on a sun-centered model.
10 terms
04 Astronomy "The Solar System"
Comet
Oort Cloud
Asteroids
Asteroid Belt
A small body of ice, rock, and cosmic dust that follows an el…
A spherical region of comets that surrounds the solar system.
Rocky, metallic objects that orbit the sun but are too small…
The Rocky material that orbits the Sun between Mars and Jupit…
Comet
A small body of ice, rock, and cosmic dust that follows an el…
Oort Cloud
A spherical region of comets that surrounds the solar system.
9 terms
Astronomy & Solar System #1
visible light
refracting telescope
reflecting telescope
prism
limit of wavelengths
lens
mirror
separates white light into colors
visible light
limit of wavelengths
refracting telescope
lens
9 terms
astronomy the solar system vocab 6th grade science
nebula
nebula theory
comet
asteroid
A giant cloud of gas and dust
proposes that the bodies of our solar system evolved from the…
A frozen mass of different types of ice and dust that orbit t…
A rocky body that orbits the sun
nebula
A giant cloud of gas and dust
nebula theory
proposes that the bodies of our solar system evolved from the…
Astronomy (Solar System)
Planet
Dwarf Planet
Satellite
Asteroid Belt
A large, round object in space that travels around a star.
A celestial body that orbits around the sun and had a spheric…
A machine that is sent to space that moves around a planet.
The region between Mars and Jupiter occupied by asteroids.
Planet
A large, round object in space that travels around a star.
Dwarf Planet
A celestial body that orbits around the sun and had a spheric…
14 terms
Astronomy: Solar System
solar system
planet
dwarf planet
nebular hypothesis
the collection of eight planets and their moons in orbit arou…
An object that orbits a star, is large enough to have become…
An object that orbits the sun and is spherical, but has not c…
a model for the origin of the solar system that assumes a rot…
solar system
the collection of eight planets and their moons in orbit arou…
planet
An object that orbits a star, is large enough to have become…
9 terms
Astronomy "The Solar System"
Comet
Oort Cloud
Asteroids
Asteroid Belt
A small body of ice, rock, and cosmic dust that follows an el…
A spherical region of comets that surrounds the solar system.
Rocky, metallic objects that orbit the sun but are too small…
The Rocky material that orbits the Sun between Mars and Jupit…
Comet
A small body of ice, rock, and cosmic dust that follows an el…
Oort Cloud
A spherical region of comets that surrounds the solar system.
29 terms
Astronomy ch 2: The Solar System
Ptolemy & Archemedes
Copernicus & Galileo
Kepler
Newton
thought Earth was the center of the universe
thought sun was the center of the universe
discovered the the orbits of the planets were ellipses
concluded that inertia & gravity combined to keep planets in…
Ptolemy & Archemedes
thought Earth was the center of the universe
Copernicus & Galileo
thought sun was the center of the universe
25 terms
Chapter 3 Astronomy The Solar System
geocentric
heliocentric
solar system
dwarf planet
an Earth centered model of the solar system
a model of the solar system where the Earth & other planets r…
consists of the sun, planets, their moons, and a variety of s…
a object that orbits the sun & has enough gravity to be spher…
geocentric
an Earth centered model of the solar system
heliocentric
a model of the solar system where the Earth & other planets r…
43 terms
Astronomy-Universe and Solar System Vocabulary
geocentric model
heliocentric model
ellipse
solar system
Model of the solar system with earth in the middle.
Model of the solar system with sun in the middle.
A oval that is very close to a circle. The shape of the orbits.
The system that includes the sun, planets, and other objects…
geocentric model
Model of the solar system with earth in the middle.
heliocentric model
Model of the solar system with sun in the middle.
23 terms
Science - Grade 2 - Solar System and Astronomy Study Guide
star
constellation
solar system
Sun
Stars are huge, glowing balls of gases.
Constellation is a group of stars that forms a shape in the s…
Solar system is a group of planets to orbit around a star, li…
Sun is the star that the Earth moves around and that gives th…
star
Stars are huge, glowing balls of gases.
constellation
Constellation is a group of stars that forms a shape in the s…
21 terms
Chapter 3 Astronomy The Solar System
geocentric
heliocentric
solar system
dwarf planet
an Earth centered model of the solar system
a model of the solar system where the Earth & other planets r…
consists of the sun, planets, their moons, and a variety of s…
a object that orbits the sun & has enough gravity to be spher…
geocentric
an Earth centered model of the solar system
heliocentric
a model of the solar system where the Earth & other planets r…
28 terms
9th Astronomy - Solar System
Luminosity
Light-year
Andromeda
Mercury
How bright a star is as viewed from the Earth.
The distance light travels in a vacuum in one year.
Closest galaxy to us.
Closest planet to the sun
Luminosity
How bright a star is as viewed from the Earth.
Light-year
The distance light travels in a vacuum in one year.
18 terms
Astronomy Solar System-1Moore
Mars
Jupiter
Saturn
Uranus
4th planet from the Sun
largest planet
6th planet from the Sun
coldest of all planets
Mars
4th planet from the Sun
Jupiter
largest planet
24 terms
Astronomy Unit: Solar System
Milky Way
geocentric
heliocentric
ellipse
the galaxy that contains the solar system
means Earth-centered
means Sun-centered
oval shaped
Milky Way
the galaxy that contains the solar system
geocentric
means Earth-centered
28 terms
Astronomy - The Solar System
Mercury
Mercury
Venus
Venus
The planet closest to the Sun. The smallest rocky planet, it…
Which planet is this?
The second planet from the Sun. Named after the Roman goddess…
Which planet is this?
Mercury
The planet closest to the Sun. The smallest rocky planet, it…
Mercury
Which planet is this?
18 terms
Solar system astronomy
Main sequence
White dwarf
Red giant
Supernova
a series of star types to which most stars belong, represente…
a small very dense star that is typically the size of a plane…
a very large star of high luminosity and low surface temperat…
a star that suddenly increases greatly in brightness because…
Main sequence
a series of star types to which most stars belong, represente…
White dwarf
a small very dense star that is typically the size of a plane…
12 terms
Astronomy - The Solar System
asteroids
comets
core
craters
irregularly shaped rocks that orbit stars
space objects made of ice and dust that orbit a star and deve…
the center of an object
holes in the ground caused by the impact of an object from sp…
asteroids
irregularly shaped rocks that orbit stars
comets
space objects made of ice and dust that orbit a star and deve…
19 terms
Unit 12 - Astronomy - Solar System
tides
meteorite
satellite
rotation
The periodic rise and fall of water level caused by the gravi…
Debris that has broken apart into smaller pieces before reach…
A body (natural or artificial) that revolves around a celesti…
The spin of a body on its axis.
tides
The periodic rise and fall of water level caused by the gravi…
meteorite
Debris that has broken apart into smaller pieces before reach…
38 terms
Astronomy-Solar System
Our solar system is made up of one sta…
The real name for the earth is
The nicknames for the moon are
The nickname for the sun is
true
terra.
Diana/Artemis or Luna
Sol
Our solar system is made up of one sta…
true
The real name for the earth is
terra.
26 terms
Solar System/Astronomy Test
The four inner planets are:
The four outer planets are:
What is the order of the planets?
What planets have rings?
Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars and are small and made of rocks
Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune and are large and made of ga…
Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune
The four outer planets: Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune
The four inner planets are:
Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars and are small and made of rocks
The four outer planets are:
Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune and are large and made of ga…
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