How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Study sets matching "solids forces liquids"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "solids forces liquids"

12 terms
Intermolecular forces > Liquids & Solids
Dipole-Dipole
Hydrogen bonding
Ion-induced dipole
Dipole-induced dipole
the force attraction that enables two polar molecules to attr…
the force of attraction between the hydrogen atom of one mole…
the force of attraction between a charged ion and a nonpolar…
the force of attraction between a polar molecules and a nonpo…
Dipole-Dipole
the force attraction that enables two polar molecules to attr…
Hydrogen bonding
the force of attraction between the hydrogen atom of one mole…
30 terms
Intermolecular Forces, Solids, Liquids
Intermolecular force
London dispersion force
dipole-dipole
hydrogen bonding
attractive forces which exist between molecules; responsible…
default IMF force, present in all molecules and atoms, caused…
exists in all polar molecules; polar molecules have permanent…
polar molecules which contain atoms bonded to oxygen, fluorin…
Intermolecular force
attractive forces which exist between molecules; responsible…
London dispersion force
default IMF force, present in all molecules and atoms, caused…
77 terms
Liquids, Solids, and Intermolecular Forces
Properties of Gases
Properties of Liquids
Properties of Solids
States of Matter: Intermolecular Forces
→ low densities, indefinite shape, and indefinite volume (exp…
→ high densities, indefinite shape, and definite volume (flow…
→ high densities, definite shape, and definite volume (do not…
The state in which matter exists depends on the strength of t…
Properties of Gases
→ low densities, indefinite shape, and indefinite volume (exp…
Properties of Liquids
→ high densities, indefinite shape, and definite volume (flow…
34 terms
Liquids, Solids, and Intermolecular Forces
The state of a sample of matter--solid…
Ice is less dense than liquid water be…
crystalline solid (crystal)
amorphous solid
magnitude of intermolecular forces between the constituent pa…
the unique crystal structure of ice results in water molecule…
a solid in which atoms, molecules, or ions are arranged in pa…
a solid in which atoms or molecules do not have any long-rang…
The state of a sample of matter--solid…
magnitude of intermolecular forces between the constituent pa…
Ice is less dense than liquid water be…
the unique crystal structure of ice results in water molecule…
18 terms
Intermolecular Forces Liquids and Solids
Ionic Solids
Ionic Solids
Ionic Solids
Ionic Solids
Hard and brittle
High melting points and boiling points
Poor electrical conductors as solids
Good conductors as liquids and when dissolved in water
Ionic Solids
Hard and brittle
Ionic Solids
High melting points and boiling points
9 terms
Liquids/ Solids Intermolecular Forces
negligible
liquid
Ion Dipole
Dipole Dipole
inter-molecular forces are _____ in gas
Molecules are able to move around freely within bulk without…
An ion attracted to a molecule that as a dipole moment
An attractive force between two polar molecules
negligible
inter-molecular forces are _____ in gas
liquid
Molecules are able to move around freely within bulk without…
72 terms
Intermolecular Forces, liquids, and solids
state of a substance depends on two co…
intermolecular forces
four types of intermolecular bonds
all intermolecular bonds are
kinetic energy of the particles and interparticle energy of a…
weaker that ionic and covalent bonds, less energy is needed t…
dipole-dipole, london dispersion, hydrogen bonding, ion dipole
electrostatic, less than 15 % as strong as intramolecular for…
state of a substance depends on two co…
kinetic energy of the particles and interparticle energy of a…
intermolecular forces
weaker that ionic and covalent bonds, less energy is needed t…
38 terms
Forces, solids, and liquids
intramolecular forces
intermolecular forces
five IMFs in increasing strength order
Ion dipole
forces within the molecule
forces between the molecules
Ion-Dipole, Hydrogen Bonds, Dipole Dipole, Dipole Induced Dip…
interaction between ions and molecules with permanent dipole
intramolecular forces
forces within the molecule
intermolecular forces
forces between the molecules
18 terms
Liquids, Solids and Intermolecular Forces
London Dispersion Forces
Dipole-Dipole
Hydrogen Bonding
Physical Change
Temporary shift in the electron cloud creating an instantaneo…
Force of attraction between molecules with permanent dipole m…
Special case of Dipole-Dipole; very strong dipole moments cre…
From solid to liquid to gas molecules stay intact
London Dispersion Forces
Temporary shift in the electron cloud creating an instantaneo…
Dipole-Dipole
Force of attraction between molecules with permanent dipole m…
26 terms
Liquids, Solids, and Intermolecular Forces
Surface tension
Viscosity
Evaporation
Volatile
the tendency of liquids to minimize their surface area
the resistance of a liquid to flow
a physical change in which a substance is converted from a li…
term used to describe liquids that evaporate easily
Surface tension
the tendency of liquids to minimize their surface area
Viscosity
the resistance of a liquid to flow
64 terms
Intermolecular Forces, Solids, and Liquids
Intermolecular
Intramolecular
Intramolecular examples
Atomic/Metallic Are...
(IMF) The attractions between molecules or unit cells
Bonds inside the molecule (bonds between atoms)
Covalent and ionic bonds
Pure metals and alloys
Intermolecular
(IMF) The attractions between molecules or unit cells
Intramolecular
Bonds inside the molecule (bonds between atoms)
24 terms
Intermolecular Forces (liquids and solids)
Intermolecular forces
Intramolecular forces (chemical bonds)
Dispersion Force
Intermolecular Force strength depends…
-Bonds between molecules... +Dispersion... +Dipole-dipole... +Hydro…
-Chemical bonds:... +covalent... +ionic
- Both polar and nonpolar molecules ... -Attraction between indu…
-Size of atom (molar mass)... +larger electron cloud -> more po…
Intermolecular forces
-Bonds between molecules... +Dispersion... +Dipole-dipole... +Hydro…
Intramolecular forces (chemical bonds)
-Chemical bonds:... +covalent... +ionic
76 terms
Liquids and Solids & Intermolecular Forces
Intermolecular forces influence...
Describe the kinetic energy of gases
Describe the attractive forces in Liqu…
Describe the forces in solids
Physical properties of liquids and solids
The kinetic energy of the molecules is greater than any attra…
1) the intermolecular attractive forces enough to hold molecu…
The intermolecular forces between neighboring molecules are s…
Intermolecular forces influence...
Physical properties of liquids and solids
Describe the kinetic energy of gases
The kinetic energy of the molecules is greater than any attra…
76 terms
Liquids, Solids, and Intermolecular Forces
The phases of matter depend on the mag…
When thermal energy is high relative t…
When thermal energy is low relative to…
Definite shape means this.
thermal energy
gaseous
liquid or solid
Matter keeps its shape when placed in a container.
The phases of matter depend on the mag…
thermal energy
When thermal energy is high relative t…
gaseous
27 terms
Liquids, solids, and intermolecular forces
Intermolecular Forces
Definite
Indefinite
Gases
Are the attractive forces that exist between all molecules an…
Matter keeps its shape when placed in a container
Matter takes the shapes of the container
Compressible because there is a lot of empty space, so the pa…
Intermolecular Forces
Are the attractive forces that exist between all molecules an…
Definite
Matter keeps its shape when placed in a container
30 terms
Liquids, Solids and Intermolecular Forces
Atomic solid
Boiling point
Condensation
Covalent atomic solid
a solid whose component units are individual atoms such as di…
temperature at which the vapor pressure of a liquid is equal…
physical change in which a substance is converted from its ga…
such as diamond that is held together by covalent bonds
Atomic solid
a solid whose component units are individual atoms such as di…
Boiling point
temperature at which the vapor pressure of a liquid is equal…
27 terms
Liquids, Solids and Intermolecular Forces
Intermolecular Forces
Vapor Pressure
Boiling Point
Heat of Vaporization
Attractive forces that exists between molecules
Parcial pressure of a vapor in dynamic equilibrium with it's…
Temp where the vapor pressure is equal to the pressure of the…
Amount of liquid required to vaporize 1 mol of liquid. 40.7 K…
Intermolecular Forces
Attractive forces that exists between molecules
Vapor Pressure
Parcial pressure of a vapor in dynamic equilibrium with it's…
22 terms
Intermolecular Forces, Liquids, and Solids
What determines a sample's phase of ma…
When the temperature of a gas is _____…
What are the three types of intermolec…
What is the difference between an intr…
Strength of its intermolecular forces.
High (room temperature or higher); low (1 atm or less)
London Dispersion Forces, Dipole-Dipole Interactions (also Io…
An intramolecular force is the force which keeps molecules to…
What determines a sample's phase of ma…
Strength of its intermolecular forces.
When the temperature of a gas is _____…
High (room temperature or higher); low (1 atm or less)
47 terms
Intermolecular Forces, Liquids, and Solids
What is the fundamental difference bet…
Gas
Liquid
Crystalline solid
The distance between particles of molecules
Total disorder, much empty space, particles have complete fre…
Disorder, particles or clusters of particles of clusters are…
Ordered arrangement, particles are essentially in fixed posit…
What is the fundamental difference bet…
The distance between particles of molecules
Gas
Total disorder, much empty space, particles have complete fre…
9 terms
Liquids and Solids and intermolecular forces
IM forces
What is the state of a substance depen…
Pressure
H2O highest....
Non covalent bonds... Pull particles together ... Weakest to strong…
Balance between kinetic energy and IM forces
Increasing pressure on substance forces molecules closer toge…
Boiling point
IM forces
Non covalent bonds... Pull particles together ... Weakest to strong…
What is the state of a substance depen…
Balance between kinetic energy and IM forces
9 terms
Intermolecular Forces and Liquids and Solids
State of matter
Phase
Gas-volume/shape, density, compressabi…
Liquid-volume/shape, density, compress…
A state of matter is one of the distinct forms that different…
A homogeneous part of the system in contact with other parts…
Assumes volume and shape of its container. Density is low. Co…
Assumes the shape but not the volume of its container. Densit…
State of matter
A state of matter is one of the distinct forms that different…
Phase
A homogeneous part of the system in contact with other parts…
26 terms
Liquid solids and intermolecular forces
intermolecular forces
surface tension
viscosity
volatile
attractive forces that exist between molecules
a tendency of liquids to minimize their surface area
the resistance of liquid to flow
liquids that evaporate easily
intermolecular forces
attractive forces that exist between molecules
surface tension
a tendency of liquids to minimize their surface area
25 terms
Intermolecular Forces: Liquids and Solids - 1
Intermolecular Forces: Liquids and So…
I. Intermolecular forces - They are at…
II. Dispersion or London forces
III. Dipole-dipole interactions
I. Intermolecular forces... II. Dispersion or London forces... III.…
A. Van der Waals Forces - week attraction between + and -... 1.A…
A. Instantaneous and Induced Dipoles must happen at the same…
A. They are attractive forces that act between polar molecules.
Intermolecular Forces: Liquids and So…
I. Intermolecular forces... II. Dispersion or London forces... III.…
I. Intermolecular forces - They are at…
A. Van der Waals Forces - week attraction between + and -... 1.A…
37 terms
Ch. 11 Liquids, Solids, Intermolecular Forces
States of Matter
Coulomb's Law
Bond vs. IMF
Solid to Liquid
Gas: weak IMF... Liquid: moderate IMF... Solids: strong IMF
Potential Energy between 2 opposite particles decreases (more…
IMF are only about 2-5% the strength of a bond... - bonds are la…
Melting/Fusion... ENDOTHERMIC
States of Matter
Gas: weak IMF... Liquid: moderate IMF... Solids: strong IMF
Coulomb's Law
Potential Energy between 2 opposite particles decreases (more…
74 terms
SOLUTIONS , SOLIDS, IM FORCES, LIQUIDS
Volumetric flask
Solute
Solubility
Homogenous mixture
Accurate piece of glassware used to prepare molar solutions
Particles dissolved in a solution
Amount that dissolves in a given amount of solvent to produce…
means there is more than one substance but it only looks like…
Volumetric flask
Accurate piece of glassware used to prepare molar solutions
Solute
Particles dissolved in a solution
11 | Liquids, Solids, Intermolecular Forces
Translational freedom
Rotational freedom
Vibrational freedom
Kinetic-Molecular Theory | Material's…
ability to move from one position in space to another... (gases)
ability to reorient the particles direction in space... (liquids)
ability to oscillate about a particular point in space... (solids)
1) The amount of kinetic energy the particles possess... 2) The…
Translational freedom
ability to move from one position in space to another... (gases)
Rotational freedom
ability to reorient the particles direction in space... (liquids)
20 terms
Gas, Liquids, Solids and Intermolecular Forces
Solids
Liquids
Gas
Melting point
The particles of a solid have fixed positions and exhibit mot…
The particles of a liquid are free to move within the confine…
The particles of a gas are far apart and move randomly and ra…
The temperature at which a solid becomes a liquid.
Solids
The particles of a solid have fixed positions and exhibit mot…
Liquids
The particles of a liquid are free to move within the confine…
8 terms
11 Intermolecular Forces, Liquids, and Solids &
pay attention to
many substances are molecular
virtually all substances that are liqu…
INTRAmolecular forces WITHIN give rise…
physical properties of liquids and solids and to the phase ch…
non-metal + non-metal
molecular
molecular shape, bond energies, and chemical behavior
pay attention to
physical properties of liquids and solids and to the phase ch…
many substances are molecular
non-metal + non-metal
26 terms
Gases, Liquids, Solids, Intermolecular Forces
characteristics of intermolecular forces
it takes _____energy to break intramol…
melting point and freezing point both…
this process allows a substance to go…
- determines state of matter (packed tight = solid)... -distance…
more
32 degrees F
sublimation
characteristics of intermolecular forces
- determines state of matter (packed tight = solid)... -distance…
it takes _____energy to break intramol…
more
13 terms
Chemistry liquids and solids (intermolecular forces)
Intramolecular force
Intermolecular force
Polarizability
Surface tension
Forces that exist within a molecule (ex. Covalent bonds)
Forces that exist between molecules (ex. Dipole-dipole forces)
The ease at which the electron cloud of an atom can be distor…
The resistance of a liquid to increase in its surface area.
Intramolecular force
Forces that exist within a molecule (ex. Covalent bonds)
Intermolecular force
Forces that exist between molecules (ex. Dipole-dipole forces)
10 terms
Chemistry: Intermolecular Forces in Liquids and Solids
molecular substances tend to be...
Intermolecular forces
boiling point
melting point
nonconductors of electricity when pure; insoluble in water; s…
attractive forces between molecules; affects boiling point, m…
the temperature at which a liquid changes to a gas; the stron…
the temperature at which a solid changes to a liquid; the str…
molecular substances tend to be...
nonconductors of electricity when pure; insoluble in water; s…
Intermolecular forces
attractive forces between molecules; affects boiling point, m…
33 terms
Intermolecular Forces: Liquids, Solids, and Phase
p
s
q
r
the substance is in the solid phase
the substance is changing from liquid to vapor
Both solid and liquid phases are present
the kinetic energy of the liquid particles is increasing
p
the substance is in the solid phase
s
the substance is changing from liquid to vapor
15 terms
12 LIQUIDS SOLIDS AND INTERMOLECULAR FORCES
liquid properties
surface tension
cohesive
adhesive
indefinite shape, fixed volume, flow readily, no compression…
resistance for the surface of the liquid to an external force…
forces between like molecules-water droplets intact on waxed…
forces between unlike molecules- water droplets spread out ov…
liquid properties
indefinite shape, fixed volume, flow readily, no compression…
surface tension
resistance for the surface of the liquid to an external force…
38 terms
Intermolecular Forces, Solids, Liquids and Solutions
What is electronegativity?
How does electronegativity help determ…
What is the range of electronegativity…
How are electron distributed in a pola…
An atom's ability to attract an electron
Polarity (Electronegativity differences of .5 or higher)
non-polar = 0 - 0.5... polar = 0.5 - 1.7... ionic = 1.7 or higher
In a polar bond there is partial positivity and partial negat…
What is electronegativity?
An atom's ability to attract an electron
How does electronegativity help determ…
Polarity (Electronegativity differences of .5 or higher)
42 terms
Forces and Motion + Solids Liquids and Gases
What does the gradient represent in a…
what doe the gradient represent in a v…
how can we tell the distance travelled…
what is the equation to work out avera…
Gradient represents the speed of the object
the acceleration
the area underneath the graph
speed= distance/time
What does the gradient represent in a…
Gradient represents the speed of the object
what doe the gradient represent in a v…
the acceleration
48 terms
Intermolecular Forces and Liquids and Solids Flashcards
What are the characteristic properties…
What are the characteristic properties…
What are the characteristic properties…
What are dipole-dipole forces?
Volume/Shape: Assumes the volume and shape of its container... D…
Volume/Shape: Has a definite volume but assumes the shape of…
Volume/Shape: Has a definite volume and shape... Density: High... C…
Attractive forces between polar molecules, that is, between m…
What are the characteristic properties…
Volume/Shape: Assumes the volume and shape of its container... D…
What are the characteristic properties…
Volume/Shape: Has a definite volume but assumes the shape of…
14 terms
Solids, Liquids, Gases, Force, Motion
magnetism
gravity
force
speed
a force that pushes or pulls objects made of iron or nickel
a force that pulls objects toward each other. The Earth uses…
a push or pull. Pushing an object moves it away and pulling a…
a measure of how fast or slow an object is moving
magnetism
a force that pushes or pulls objects made of iron or nickel
gravity
a force that pulls objects toward each other. The Earth uses…
18 terms
Effects of Force on Solids and Liquids
Pressure
Formula of Pressure for Solids
Formula of Pressure for Liquids
P
- around of force exerted per unit area
P = F/A
P = dgh
- is pressure in N/M2 or Pascal
Pressure
- around of force exerted per unit area
Formula of Pressure for Solids
P = F/A
Chapter 12: Liquids, Solids, Intermolecular Forces
Liquid (Common Properties)
Surface Tension
Cohesive
Adhesive
indefinite shape(fixed volume), flow dependent on viscosity,…
The resistance for the surface of the liquid to an external f…
Forces between like molecules. (water droplets would stay int…
Forces between unlike molecules. (water droplets would spread…
Liquid (Common Properties)
indefinite shape(fixed volume), flow dependent on viscosity,…
Surface Tension
The resistance for the surface of the liquid to an external f…
32 terms
Ch 13: Liquids, Solids and Intermolecular Forces
crystalline
amorphous
dispersion force
dipole-dipole force
atoms or molecules are arranged in a well-ordered three-dimen…
atoms or molecules have no long range order
present in every atom and compound, fluctuations in dispersio…
polar molecules have electron rich areas which become negativ…
crystalline
atoms or molecules are arranged in a well-ordered three-dimen…
amorphous
atoms or molecules have no long range order
27 terms
Chapter 11 - Liquids, Solids and Intermolecular Forces
Solids
Liquids
Gases
Changing phases
have a rigid shape and a fixed volume. The external shape can…
have no fixed shape and may not fill a container completely... -…
expand to fill their container... -low density, indefinite shape…
Matter can be transformed from one phase to another by changi…
Solids
have a rigid shape and a fixed volume. The external shape can…
Liquids
have no fixed shape and may not fill a container completely... -…
Chapter 11: Liquids, Solids, and Intermolecaular Forces
Physical Change (State Change)
Fusion
Freezing
Vaporization
A change in physical form but not the chemical identity of a…
AKA melting, solid to liquid
liquid to solid
liquid to gas
Physical Change (State Change)
A change in physical form but not the chemical identity of a…
Fusion
AKA melting, solid to liquid
60 terms
Chapter 9: Intermolecular Forces, Liquids, and Solids
In liquids, the intermolecular forces…
In gases, the intermolecular forces ar…
In solids, the intermolecular forces a…
The phase of matter changes when the _…
less than or equal to, temporary
less, disorder
greater than, long-term
internal energy, attractive forces, kinetic energy
In liquids, the intermolecular forces…
less than or equal to, temporary
In gases, the intermolecular forces ar…
less, disorder
29 terms
Chapter 12 - Liquids, Solids, and Intermolecular Forces
Intermolecular Forces
Thermal Energy
Surface Tension
Viscosity
Attractive forces that exist BETWEEN molecules. Responsible f…
The energy a substance or system has related to its temperatu…
(THINK Spherical Water Drops) The tendency of liquids to MINI…
The RESISTANCE of a LIQUID to FLOW. Viscosity is GREATER in s…
Intermolecular Forces
Attractive forces that exist BETWEEN molecules. Responsible f…
Thermal Energy
The energy a substance or system has related to its temperatu…
55 terms
AP Chem Intermolecular Forces, Liquids, and Solids
Gases
Liquids
Solids
the state of a substance depends on..
- takes shape and volume of its container... - compressible... - fl…
- takes shape of container; keeps volume... - incompressible... - f…
- keeps own shape and volume... - incompressible... - not fluid... - d…
comparison of the kinetic energies of the particals to the in…
Gases
- takes shape and volume of its container... - compressible... - fl…
Liquids
- takes shape of container; keeps volume... - incompressible... - f…
53 terms
CH 11: Intermolecular Forces and Liquids and Solids
phase
characteristic properties of a gas
characteristic properties of a liquid
characteristic properties of a solid
a homogeneous part of the system in contact with other parts…
assumes the volume and shape of its container; low density; v…
has a definite volume but assumes the shape of its container;…
has a definite volume and shape; high density; virtually inco…
phase
a homogeneous part of the system in contact with other parts…
characteristic properties of a gas
assumes the volume and shape of its container; low density; v…
75 terms
APCHEM Ch 10: Liquids and Solids; Intermolecular Forces
What does intramolecular mean and what…
What does intermolecular mean and what…
Ionic compounds have _____ forces
What are dipole forces?
within the molecule; covalent and ionic
between the molecules; attractive forces b/t "like" molecules…
coulombic
an IMBALANCE OF ELECTRON DISTRIBUTION in an atom that creates…
What does intramolecular mean and what…
within the molecule; covalent and ionic
What does intermolecular mean and what…
between the molecules; attractive forces b/t "like" molecules…
30 terms
AP Chem [Intermolecular Forces and Liquids and Solids]
Intermolecular Forces
Intramolecular Forces
What type of intermolecular force do i…
What type of intermolecular force do c…
Attractive forces between molecules.
Hold atoms (or ions) together in a molecule (or crystal)
Electrostatic Force
Hydrogen boding... Dipole-dipole... Dispersion forces
Intermolecular Forces
Attractive forces between molecules.
Intramolecular Forces
Hold atoms (or ions) together in a molecule (or crystal)
32 terms
AP Chemistry Solids, Liquids, and Intermolecular Forces
What are dipole-dipole forces?
Molecules held together by dipole-dipo…
The more polar a molecule is the _____…
Hydrogen bonds
These forces result from the attraction of the positive end o…
Solid or liquid
stronger
Type of dipole-dipole force. Commonly formed between nitrogen…
What are dipole-dipole forces?
These forces result from the attraction of the positive end o…
Molecules held together by dipole-dipo…
Solid or liquid
65 terms
Chapter 11 - Intermolecular Forces and Liquids and Solids
Interaction between molecules in a gas
principal difference between gases and…
Liquids:
Solids:
there is no appreciable interaction, thus why not dense, free…
the distance between the molecules
definite volume but changes shape, high density, only slightl…
definite volume and shape, highest density, virtually incompr…
Interaction between molecules in a gas
there is no appreciable interaction, thus why not dense, free…
principal difference between gases and…
the distance between the molecules
1 of 10