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Study sets matching "solids liquids behavior"

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Study sets matching "solids liquids behavior"

10 terms
Behavior of solids, liquids, gases
A solid
A liquid
A gas
Gas to solid
- fixed shape and size... - particles vibrate... -particles are clo…
- fills in any container you put it in... - fairly close togethe…
- random straight line direction... - smaller than distance betw…
Sublimation
A solid
- fixed shape and size... - particles vibrate... -particles are clo…
A liquid
- fills in any container you put it in... - fairly close togethe…
56 terms
Behavior of matter-solids, liquids and gases
sublimation
substances that sublime have weak ...
sublimation is written as
deposition
occurs when a substance changes from solid to gas
intermolecular forces
CO2 (s)---CO2 (g)
is the reverse of sublimation (CO2 (g) --- CO2 (s))
sublimation
occurs when a substance changes from solid to gas
substances that sublime have weak ...
intermolecular forces
36 terms
Solids, Liquids, and Gases Lesson 3 - Gas Behavior
If you heat a ___, its particles will…
They will collide with the walls of th…
When the ___________ of a gas at const…
When the temperature _________, the pr…
Gas
Force
Temperature
Decreases
If you heat a ___, its particles will…
Gas
They will collide with the walls of th…
Force
16 terms
Solids and Liquids
matter
states
solid
liquid
anything that takes up space
one of the three groups of matter
matter that holds its own shape and always takes up the same…
matter that flows freely and takes the shape of the container
matter
anything that takes up space
states
one of the three groups of matter
13 terms
Behavior of Solids, Liquids, and Gases and Kinetic theory
Has a fixed position
Vibrates back and forth in a fixed pos…
Strong attraction between atoms restri…
Average speed of the atom is much slow…
Solid
Solid
Solid
Liquid
Has a fixed position
Solid
Vibrates back and forth in a fixed pos…
Solid
36 terms
Solids and Liquids
kinetic-molecular theory
ideal gas
elastic collision
diffusion
a theory that explains that the behavior of physical systems…
an imaginary gas whose particles are infinitely small and do…
a collision between ideally elastic bodies in which the final…
the movement of particles from regions of higher density to r…
kinetic-molecular theory
a theory that explains that the behavior of physical systems…
ideal gas
an imaginary gas whose particles are infinitely small and do…
32 terms
Solids, Liquids and Gases
PARTICLE MODEL
SOLIDS
LIQUIDS
GASES
The particle model explains the different states of matter in…
Particles are bonded and packed closely that they have little…
Particles are weakly bonded so they are easily broken allowin…
There are no bonds between gaseous particles. They are very e…
PARTICLE MODEL
The particle model explains the different states of matter in…
SOLIDS
Particles are bonded and packed closely that they have little…
20 terms
Solids and Liquids
What is matter?
What are the 3 states of matter?
True or False: Solids have a definite…
True or False: Examples of solids are…
Anything that takes up space
solids, liquids and gases
True
False
What is matter?
Anything that takes up space
What are the 3 states of matter?
solids, liquids and gases
35 terms
Liquids and Solids
Gases
Liquids
Miscibility
Emulsion
Atoms are far apart and move around rapidly. Weak intramolecu…
Atoms held close together. Have definite volumes (unlike gase…
Degree to which two liquids can mix.
extreme mixing of immiscible liquids. ( not actually mixing)
Gases
Atoms are far apart and move around rapidly. Weak intramolecu…
Liquids
Atoms held close together. Have definite volumes (unlike gase…
10 terms
Liquids and solids
phase diagram
molecular substances
network covalent substances
ionic substances
a diagram that shows pressures and temperatures at different…
1. low boiling and melting point... 2. insoluble polar substance…
1. poor conductors of electricity... 2. high boiling point... 3. in…
1. high boiling point... 2. nonconductors of electricity, unless…
phase diagram
a diagram that shows pressures and temperatures at different…
molecular substances
1. low boiling and melting point... 2. insoluble polar substance…
19 terms
solids and liquids
Matter
mass
volume
energy
anything that has mass that takes up space
the measure of how much matter is in an object
the amount of space an object takes up
ability to cause change
Matter
anything that has mass that takes up space
mass
the measure of how much matter is in an object
Liquids and Solids
Intermolecular forces
magnitude (and type) of intermolecular…
One molecule within a liquid
Surface tension
attractive forces that hold particles together in the condens…
is what determines whether the particles that make up a subst…
is pulled in all directions by intermolecular forces.
amount of energy required to stretch or increase the surface…
Intermolecular forces
attractive forces that hold particles together in the condens…
magnitude (and type) of intermolecular…
is what determines whether the particles that make up a subst…
10 terms
Solids and Liquids
Solid
Solid
Solid
Solid
Legos
Phone
Pencil
Paper
Solid
Legos
Solid
Phone
11 terms
Solids and Liquids
matter
solid
liquid
bubbly
anything that takes up space
matter that takes a definite shape and always takes up the sa…
matter that flows freely. water is one kind
describes a liquid that is full of bubbles
matter
anything that takes up space
solid
matter that takes a definite shape and always takes up the sa…
20 terms
Liquids and Solids
condensed phases
miscibility
emulsion
crystalline
liquids and solids
mixability. affected by polarity
mixture between two immiscible liquids
ordered structure. specific, 3D geometric arrangement with re…
condensed phases
liquids and solids
miscibility
mixability. affected by polarity
15 terms
Liquids and Solids
Formation of solids and liquids
Different forms of solids
ionic solid properties
metallic solid properties
-when attractive forces overcome KE
Crystalline -> atoms exist in specific 3D geometry ... -ionic so…
-high MP and BP ... -poor electrical conductivity ... -due to stron…
-high MP and BP ... -strong covalent attraction
Formation of solids and liquids
-when attractive forces overcome KE
Different forms of solids
Crystalline -> atoms exist in specific 3D geometry ... -ionic so…
11 terms
Liquids and Solids
Properties of Solids
Properties of Liquid
Properties of Gas
Phase Changes
Density: High... Volume and Shape: Definite volume and shape... Com…
Density: High (lower than solid)... Volume and Shape: Definite v…
Density: Low... Volume and Shape: Indefinite volume and shape... Co…
Phase changes involve changing the physical state of a substa…
Properties of Solids
Density: High... Volume and Shape: Definite volume and shape... Com…
Properties of Liquid
Density: High (lower than solid)... Volume and Shape: Definite v…
14 terms
Solids and Liquids
Viscous
Bubbly
Dissolve
Foamy
A liquid that is thick and slow. (honey)
A liquid that is full of bubbles
A solid is mixed with a liquid and the solid breaks down into…
A liquid that has a layer of bubbles
Viscous
A liquid that is thick and slow. (honey)
Bubbly
A liquid that is full of bubbles
6 terms
Solids and Liquids
Formula for Density
Volume
Mass
Solution
Density= Mass/Volume
Amount of space occupied by an object
A measure of the amount of matter in an object
The entire process of dissolving in water is a solution.
Formula for Density
Density= Mass/Volume
Volume
Amount of space occupied by an object
49 terms
Liquids and Solids
Which three phases or states can matte…
Condensed Phases
Gas Properties
Liquid Properties
Gas, liquid, and solid
Liquids and Solids due to their smaller volume relative to ga…
Conforms to the volume and shape of the container it is in, i…
Conforms to the shape of the container; however has a definit…
Which three phases or states can matte…
Gas, liquid, and solid
Condensed Phases
Liquids and Solids due to their smaller volume relative to ga…
14 terms
Solids and Liquids
gases
liquids
solids
crystalline solids
only weak intermolecular forces allows them to expand and mov…
atoms held closely together, still able to diffuse and evapor…
atoms only vibrate around fixed positions, only energy is vib…
has an ordered structure, defined by unit cells
gases
only weak intermolecular forces allows them to expand and mov…
liquids
atoms held closely together, still able to diffuse and evapor…
32 terms
Liquids and Solids
Dipoles
Dipole-Dipole Forces
Polar molecules are attracted to...
Gaseous polar molecules show _____ att…
A molecule with only one positive and one negative end; also…
The attraction between the partial positive end of one dipole…
Each other, the negative end of one to the positive end of an…
Very little. They are so far apart.
Dipoles
A molecule with only one positive and one negative end; also…
Dipole-Dipole Forces
The attraction between the partial positive end of one dipole…
13 terms
Liquids and Solids
Intermolecular Attractive Forces
Intramolecular Forces
Dispersion Forces
Dipole-Dipole Forces
Also known as IMAFs, the three types are Dispersion forces, D…
Occur within two or more atoms in the same molecule
Occur between all molecules, mainly in non-polar ones. When a…
Occur in polar molecules, the strength of the bond is directl…
Intermolecular Attractive Forces
Also known as IMAFs, the three types are Dispersion forces, D…
Intramolecular Forces
Occur within two or more atoms in the same molecule
29 terms
Solids and Liquids
Intermolecular Forces
Chemical Bonds
London Dispersion Forces
Non-polar
What holds molecular compounds together. They are weak attrac…
The type of bonds that are way stronger than IMFs. They hold…
Instantaneous dipoles that are caused by the motion of electr…
Do LDFs contain polar or non-polar molecules?
Intermolecular Forces
What holds molecular compounds together. They are weak attrac…
Chemical Bonds
The type of bonds that are way stronger than IMFs. They hold…
33 terms
Liquids and Solids
What are the 3 different physical phas…
Gas: ... -Volume and Shape... -Motion... -Dens…
Liquid: ... -Volume and Shape... -Motion... -D…
Solid:... -Volume and Shape... -Motion... -Den…
Gas... Liquid ... Solid
Volume ... Conforms to the volume and shape of container... Motion…
Volume and Shape: ... Conforms to the shape of the container. Bu…
Volume and Shape: ... Defined volume and shape... Motion: ... Particl…
What are the 3 different physical phas…
Gas... Liquid ... Solid
Gas: ... -Volume and Shape... -Motion... -Dens…
Volume ... Conforms to the volume and shape of container... Motion…
9 terms
Liquids and Solids
Hydrogen bonding
Why can't formaldehyde bond as a pure…
ion-induced dipole forces
ion-dipole forces
N, O, F + H
No polar bond (aka H is not partially positive) between C-H s…
ion + nonpolar substance
ion + polar substance (aka H2O and NaCl --> HNaCl)
Hydrogen bonding
N, O, F + H
Why can't formaldehyde bond as a pure…
No polar bond (aka H is not partially positive) between C-H s…
15 terms
Solids, Liquids, and Gases
solid
liquid
gas
gas
a state of matter that has a definite shape and volume
a state of matter that has a definite volume (space)
a state of matter that has no definite shape or volume
the particles will move and spread apart as they fill a conta…
solid
a state of matter that has a definite shape and volume
liquid
a state of matter that has a definite volume (space)
49 terms
Solids and Liquids
What are the two types of compounds?
What are the properties and rules for…
What are the properties and rules for…
What are terminal atoms?
Ionic-metal with nonmetal, electrons are transferred... Molecula…
-Elements gain and lose electrons to obtain a full valence sh…
-These structures help predict how the molecule is put togeth…
Atoms that are only bonded to the central atom
What are the two types of compounds?
Ionic-metal with nonmetal, electrons are transferred... Molecula…
What are the properties and rules for…
-Elements gain and lose electrons to obtain a full valence sh…
28 terms
Solids & Liquids
Vaporization
Evaporation
Vapor Pressure
Boiling Point
the conversion of a liquid to a gas or vapor
vaporization that occurs at the surface of a liquid that is n…
a measure of the force exerted by a gas above a liquid in a s…
the temperature at which the vapor pressure of a liquid is ju…
Vaporization
the conversion of a liquid to a gas or vapor
Evaporation
vaporization that occurs at the surface of a liquid that is n…
15 terms
Liquids & Solids
Phase Dynamic
Capillary Rise
Dynamic Equilibrium
Triple Point
Shows how the states of matter in a system are affected by ch…
Rise of liquid in a tube of small diameter.
Two opposing process come into balance and no further change…
Refers to the pressure where pressure and temperature at whic…
Phase Dynamic
Shows how the states of matter in a system are affected by ch…
Capillary Rise
Rise of liquid in a tube of small diameter.
37 terms
Solids/Liquids
Kinetic Theory
Gases
Liquids
Solids
heory that explains the physical properties of matter in term…
airlike fluid substance which expands freely to fill any spac…
fluid substance; has a definite volume, but no definite shape
particles arranged such that their shape and volume are relat…
Kinetic Theory
heory that explains the physical properties of matter in term…
Gases
airlike fluid substance which expands freely to fill any spac…
16 terms
Solids & Liquids
Amorphous solid
Gas
Network crystal/macromolecule
Isomorphous solid
Substance that appears to be a solid but is not crystal. Can…
Substance in the gaseous state at room temperature
When solid substances link many unit cells together
Substance whose crystal shape and structure are same
Amorphous solid
Substance that appears to be a solid but is not crystal. Can…
Gas
Substance in the gaseous state at room temperature
15 terms
Solids/Liquids
Solid
Liquid
Gas
vaporization
definite volume and shape
Volume but indefinite shape
Neither definite volume nor shape
evaporation
Solid
definite volume and shape
Liquid
Volume but indefinite shape
9 terms
Solids, liquids and gases
Solid
Liquid
Gas
Particle
A form of matter that has a definite shape and volume
A state of matter that has no definite shape but has a defini…
A state of matter with no definite shape or volume
the tiny pieces matter is made of (atoms and molecules)
Solid
A form of matter that has a definite shape and volume
Liquid
A state of matter that has no definite shape but has a defini…
14 terms
Solids & liquids
TOS: Molecular
TOS: Covalent Network
TOS: Ionic
TOS: Metallic
- IMFs... - soft... - low-high mp... - poor electrical conductions ... -…
- Covalent Bonds... - Hard... - high mp... - poor electrical conductio…
- Ionic bonds... - hard & brittle... - high mp... - poor electrical co…
- Metallic bonds (sea of electrons)... - soft-hard... - low-high mp…
TOS: Molecular
- IMFs... - soft... - low-high mp... - poor electrical conductions ... -…
TOS: Covalent Network
- Covalent Bonds... - Hard... - high mp... - poor electrical conductio…
27 terms
Liquids & Solids
Liquid
Solutions
Miscibility
Immiscible
-definite volume, indefinite shape... -particles slide past each…
liquids have ability to mix w/ each other and other phases
degree to which 2 liquids can mix
two liquids repel each other b/c of polarity difference
Liquid
-definite volume, indefinite shape... -particles slide past each…
Solutions
liquids have ability to mix w/ each other and other phases
17 terms
Solids & Liquids
Smooth
Rough
Bubbly
Foamy
Opposite of rough
Bumpy, uneven surface
Bubbles are inside
Bubbles are on the surface or on the top
Smooth
Opposite of rough
Rough
Bumpy, uneven surface
19 terms
Solids/liquids
solid
crystalline solids
amorphous solids
liquid
A state of matter that has a definite shape and a definite vo…
A solid that is made up of crystals in which particles are ar…
A solid made up of particles that are not arranged in a regul…
A state of matter that has no definite shape but has a defini…
solid
A state of matter that has a definite shape and a definite vo…
crystalline solids
A solid that is made up of crystals in which particles are ar…
15 terms
Solids liquids
Amorphous solid
Boiling point
Condensation
Condensed state
Plasma
Temp at which water boils
Water outside cold cup
State matter is most condensed
Amorphous solid
Plasma
Boiling point
Temp at which water boils
6 terms
Liquids and Solids
vaporization
condensation
crystallization
fusion
liquid to gas
gas to liquid
liquid to solid
solid to liquid
vaporization
liquid to gas
condensation
gas to liquid
18 terms
liquids/solids
ion-dipole
dipole-dipole
hydrogen bonding
dipole-induced dipole
interactions between ions and molecules with a permanent dipole
interactions between molecules with a dipole
an extreme form of dipole-dipole forces where one atom involv…
interaction between a polar molecule an a nonpolar molecule
ion-dipole
interactions between ions and molecules with a permanent dipole
dipole-dipole
interactions between molecules with a dipole
49 terms
Solids & Liquids
Evaporation
All particles have...
What does evaporation rate depend on?
Surface tension
Molecules at a surface of a liquid gains enough KE to escape…
Intermolecular forces (IMFS) (attractive forces)
1) temp- higher temp, higher KE = more molecules to escape, f…
Resistance of a liquid to an increase of its surface area (wa…
Evaporation
Molecules at a surface of a liquid gains enough KE to escape…
All particles have...
Intermolecular forces (IMFS) (attractive forces)
50 terms
Liquids/ Solids
Vapor to solid
Vapor to liquid
Liquid to solid
Solid to vapor
Deposition, exothermic
Condensation, exothermic
Freezing, exothermic
Sublimation, endothermic
Vapor to solid
Deposition, exothermic
Vapor to liquid
Condensation, exothermic
46 terms
Liquids & Solids
electronegativity
polarity
dipole moments given to ___________
partial charges
a measure of how much an element attracts electrons
occurs when there is an unequal sharing of electrons in a bon…
more electronegative element in each bond
negative given to most electronegative element in molecule/co…
electronegativity
a measure of how much an element attracts electrons
polarity
occurs when there is an unequal sharing of electrons in a bon…
39 terms
Solids and Liquids
Kinetic Theory
Gases
Liquids
Solids
The body of theory that explains the physical properties of m…
Matter that has no fixed volume or shape; it conforms to the…
Matter that has a distinct volume but no specific shape
Matter that has both a definite shape and definite volume
Kinetic Theory
The body of theory that explains the physical properties of m…
Gases
Matter that has no fixed volume or shape; it conforms to the…
8 terms
Solids And Liquids
Dissolve
Filter
Gas
Liquid
When a solid becomes part of a liquid
To separate Fine solid particles from a liquid
One of the three states of matter. Gasses fill all available…
One of the three states of matter. Liquids pour and take on t…
Dissolve
When a solid becomes part of a liquid
Filter
To separate Fine solid particles from a liquid
70 terms
liquids & solids
intramolecular forces
intermolecular forces
ion-dipole interaction
dipole-dipole forces
bonds between molecules
attractions between particles
ions and polar solvents
between polar molecules
intramolecular forces
bonds between molecules
intermolecular forces
attractions between particles
17 terms
Liquids and solids
Allotropes
Amorphous solid
Boiling
Boiling point
A structurally differentiated form of an element
A solid which does not exhibit a crystalline structure
The transition of a liquid into a gas at the boiling point
The temperature at a liquid is vapor pressure equals the pres…
Allotropes
A structurally differentiated form of an element
Amorphous solid
A solid which does not exhibit a crystalline structure
20 terms
Liquids and Solids
Liquid and Solid particles are in cons…
Forces of attraction keep liquid parti…
______ attractive force holds particle…
ability to flow
motion and limited
flowing and fixed
strong and vibration
fludity
Liquid and Solid particles are in cons…
motion and limited
Forces of attraction keep liquid parti…
flowing and fixed
41 terms
Liquids and Solids
Intermolecular Forces
Between two dipoles, responsible for h…
Not really bonds but strong forces, st…
The intermolecular attractions resulti…
the attraction between molecules
Dipole-Dipile
Hydrogen Bonds
London Dispersion
Intermolecular Forces
the attraction between molecules
Between two dipoles, responsible for h…
Dipole-Dipile
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