Study sets matching "solids liquids behavior"

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Study sets matching "solids liquids behavior"

Behavior of solids, liquids, gases
A solid
A liquid
A gas
Gas to solid
- fixed shape and size... - particles vibrate... -particles are clo…
- fills in any container you put it in... - fairly close togethe…
- random straight line direction... - smaller than distance betw…
Sublimation
A solid
- fixed shape and size... - particles vibrate... -particles are clo…
A liquid
- fills in any container you put it in... - fairly close togethe…
56 terms
Behavior of matter-solids, liquids and gases
sublimation
substances that sublime have weak ...
sublimation is written as
deposition
occurs when a substance changes from solid to gas
intermolecular forces
CO2 (s)---CO2 (g)
is the reverse of sublimation (CO2 (g) --- CO2 (s))
sublimation
occurs when a substance changes from solid to gas
substances that sublime have weak ...
intermolecular forces
Solids, Liquids, and Gases Lesson 3 - Gas Behavior
If you heat a ___, its particles will…
They will collide with the walls of th…
When the ___________ of a gas at const…
When the temperature _________, the pr…
Gas
Force
Temperature
Decreases
If you heat a ___, its particles will…
Gas
They will collide with the walls of th…
Force
physical behavior of matter: solids, liquids and gases
potential energy
kinetic energy
particles of a solid are
solids have strong
stored energy
energy associated with motion
packed closely together, usually in a regular pattern
intermolecular forces between their atoms
potential energy
stored energy
kinetic energy
energy associated with motion
27 terms
Physical Behavior of Matter: Solids, Liquids, and Gases
Crystalline Solids
Liquids
Gas
Higher kinetic energy
Definite volume, definite shape, strong intermolecular forces…
Definite volume, takes on shape of container, less order.
No definite volume, no definite shape, no order, particles mo…
Causes high temperature
Crystalline Solids
Definite volume, definite shape, strong intermolecular forces…
Liquids
Definite volume, takes on shape of container, less order.
Behavior of Solids, Liquids, and Gases and Kinetic theory
Has a fixed position
Vibrates back and forth in a fixed pos…
Strong attraction between atoms restri…
Average speed of the atom is much slow…
Solid
Solid
Solid
Liquid
Has a fixed position
Solid
Vibrates back and forth in a fixed pos…
Solid
16 terms
Solids and Liquids
matter
states
solid
liquid
anything that takes up space
one of the three groups of matter
matter that holds its own shape and always takes up the same…
matter that flows freely and takes the shape of the container
matter
anything that takes up space
states
one of the three groups of matter
Liquids and Solids
Formation of solids and liquids
Different forms of solids
ionic solid properties
metallic solid properties
-when attractive forces overcome KE
Crystalline -> atoms exist in specific 3D geometry ... -ionic so…
-high MP and BP ... -poor electrical conductivity ... -due to stron…
-high MP and BP ... -strong covalent attraction
Formation of solids and liquids
-when attractive forces overcome KE
Different forms of solids
Crystalline -> atoms exist in specific 3D geometry ... -ionic so…
Physical Behavior of Matter: Solids, Liquids and Gases
What does all matter consist of?
How are particles of solids packed?
Particles of Solids vibrate back and f…
How are particles in Liquids arranged?
Extremely tiny particles (atoms, molecules, ions) that are in…
Closely together, usually in a regular pattern
they are not able to overcome the intermolecular force of the…
Randomly
What does all matter consist of?
Extremely tiny particles (atoms, molecules, ions) that are in…
How are particles of solids packed?
Closely together, usually in a regular pattern
Solids and Liquids
kinetic-molecular theory
ideal gas
elastic collision
diffusion
a theory that explains that the behavior of physical systems…
an imaginary gas whose particles are infinitely small and do…
a collision between ideally elastic bodies in which the final…
the movement of particles from regions of higher density to r…
kinetic-molecular theory
a theory that explains that the behavior of physical systems…
ideal gas
an imaginary gas whose particles are infinitely small and do…
6 terms
Solids and Liquids
chalk
cloudy
salt
transparent
one form of the material calcium carbonate
not clear
a solid white material that dissolves in water; also known as…
clear
chalk
one form of the material calcium carbonate
cloudy
not clear
6 terms
Liquids and Solids
Dispersion force
viscosity
amorphous solid
covalent-network solid
the weakest of all bonds and forces, it is the force that (wh…
the flow of molecules in a liquid that decreases when the tem…
a solid without crystalline structure and repeating unit cell…
like sand, diamond, and quartz, these solids, by nature of th…
Dispersion force
the weakest of all bonds and forces, it is the force that (wh…
viscosity
the flow of molecules in a liquid that decreases when the tem…
32 terms
Solids, Liquids and Gases
PARTICLE MODEL
SOLIDS
LIQUIDS
GASES
The particle model explains the different states of matter in…
Particles are bonded and packed closely that they have little…
Particles are weakly bonded so they are easily broken allowin…
There are no bonds between gaseous particles. They are very e…
PARTICLE MODEL
The particle model explains the different states of matter in…
SOLIDS
Particles are bonded and packed closely that they have little…
20 terms
Solids and Liquids
What is matter?
What are the 3 states of matter?
True or False: Solids have a definite…
True or False: Examples of solids are…
Anything that takes up space
solids, liquids and gases
True
False
What is matter?
Anything that takes up space
What are the 3 states of matter?
solids, liquids and gases
12 terms
Liquids & Solids
melting
ionic bonding
freezing
vaporisation
energy is transferred the particles which now vibrate more vi…
strongest type of bonding, between ions
particles lose kinetic energy and experience increasing force…
the particles with the most energy are the first to escape fr…
melting
energy is transferred the particles which now vibrate more vi…
ionic bonding
strongest type of bonding, between ions
19 terms
solids and liquids
Matter
mass
volume
energy
anything that has mass that takes up space
the measure of how much matter is in an object
the amount of space an object takes up
ability to cause change
Matter
anything that has mass that takes up space
mass
the measure of how much matter is in an object
22 terms
Solids, Liquids, and Gases
solids
crystalline solid
amorphous solid
liquid
a state of matter that has definite shape and definite volume
a solid that is made up of crystal is which particles are arr…
a solid made up of particles that are not arranged in a regul…
a state of matter that has no definite shape but has a defini…
solids
a state of matter that has definite shape and definite volume
crystalline solid
a solid that is made up of crystal is which particles are arr…
35 terms
Liquids and Solids
Gases
Liquids
Miscibility
Emulsion
Atoms are far apart and move around rapidly. Weak intramolecu…
Atoms held close together. Have definite volumes (unlike gase…
Degree to which two liquids can mix.
extreme mixing of immiscible liquids. ( not actually mixing)
Gases
Atoms are far apart and move around rapidly. Weak intramolecu…
Liquids
Atoms held close together. Have definite volumes (unlike gase…
Liquids and Solids
Intermolecular forces
magnitude (and type) of intermolecular…
One molecule within a liquid
Surface tension
attractive forces that hold particles together in the condens…
is what determines whether the particles that make up a subst…
is pulled in all directions by intermolecular forces.
amount of energy required to stretch or increase the surface…
Intermolecular forces
attractive forces that hold particles together in the condens…
magnitude (and type) of intermolecular…
is what determines whether the particles that make up a subst…
15 terms
Liquids and Solids
Formation of solids and liquids
Different forms of solids
ionic solid properties
metallic solid properties
-when attractive forces overcome KE
Crystalline -> atoms exist in specific 3D geometry ... -ionic so…
-high MP and BP ... -poor electrical conductivity ... -due to stron…
-high MP and BP ... -strong covalent attraction
Formation of solids and liquids
-when attractive forces overcome KE
Different forms of solids
Crystalline -> atoms exist in specific 3D geometry ... -ionic so…
14 terms
Solids and Liquids
Viscous
Bubbly
Dissolve
Foamy
A liquid that is thick and slow. (honey)
A liquid that is full of bubbles
A solid is mixed with a liquid and the solid breaks down into…
A liquid that has a layer of bubbles
Viscous
A liquid that is thick and slow. (honey)
Bubbly
A liquid that is full of bubbles
10 terms
Liquids and solids
phase diagram
molecular substances
network covalent substances
ionic substances
a diagram that shows pressures and temperatures at different…
1. low boiling and melting point... 2. insoluble polar substance…
1. poor conductors of electricity... 2. high boiling point... 3. in…
1. high boiling point... 2. nonconductors of electricity, unless…
phase diagram
a diagram that shows pressures and temperatures at different…
molecular substances
1. low boiling and melting point... 2. insoluble polar substance…
10 terms
Solids and Liquids
Solid
Solid
Solid
Solid
Legos
Phone
Pencil
Paper
Solid
Legos
Solid
Phone
Liquids and Solids
translucent
transparent
foamy
bubbly
Clear enough to let light through but not clear enough to see…
You can see through (liquid or solid)
A liquid that has a layer of bubbles on TOP
A liquid that is full of bubbles
translucent
Clear enough to let light through but not clear enough to see…
transparent
You can see through (liquid or solid)
Liquids and Solids
condensed phases
miscibility
emulsion
crystalline
liquids and solids
mixability. affected by polarity
mixture between two immiscible liquids
ordered structure. specific, 3D geometric arrangement with re…
condensed phases
liquids and solids
miscibility
mixability. affected by polarity
Solids and Liquids
Formula for Density
Volume
Mass
Solution
Density= Mass/Volume
Amount of space occupied by an object
A measure of the amount of matter in an object
The entire process of dissolving in water is a solution.
Formula for Density
Density= Mass/Volume
Volume
Amount of space occupied by an object
Liquids and Solids
Properties of Solids
Properties of Liquid
Properties of Gas
Phase Changes
Density: High... Volume and Shape: Definite volume and shape... Com…
Density: High (lower than solid)... Volume and Shape: Definite v…
Density: Low... Volume and Shape: Indefinite volume and shape... Co…
Phase changes involve changing the physical state of a substa…
Properties of Solids
Density: High... Volume and Shape: Definite volume and shape... Com…
Properties of Liquid
Density: High (lower than solid)... Volume and Shape: Definite v…
14 terms
Solids and Liquids
gases
liquids
solids
crystalline solids
only weak intermolecular forces allows them to expand and mov…
atoms held closely together, still able to diffuse and evapor…
atoms only vibrate around fixed positions, only energy is vib…
has an ordered structure, defined by unit cells
gases
only weak intermolecular forces allows them to expand and mov…
liquids
atoms held closely together, still able to diffuse and evapor…
32 terms
Liquids and Solids
Dipoles
Dipole-Dipole Forces
Polar molecules are attracted to...
Gaseous polar molecules show _____ att…
A molecule with only one positive and one negative end; also…
The attraction between the partial positive end of one dipole…
Each other, the negative end of one to the positive end of an…
Very little. They are so far apart.
Dipoles
A molecule with only one positive and one negative end; also…
Dipole-Dipole Forces
The attraction between the partial positive end of one dipole…
13 terms
Liquids and Solids
Intermolecular Attractive Forces
Intramolecular Forces
Dispersion Forces
Dipole-Dipole Forces
Also known as IMAFs, the three types are Dispersion forces, D…
Occur within two or more atoms in the same molecule
Occur between all molecules, mainly in non-polar ones. When a…
Occur in polar molecules, the strength of the bond is directl…
Intermolecular Attractive Forces
Also known as IMAFs, the three types are Dispersion forces, D…
Intramolecular Forces
Occur within two or more atoms in the same molecule
11 terms
Solids and Liquids
matter
solid
liquid
bubbly
anything that takes up space
matter that takes a definite shape and always takes up the sa…
matter that flows freely. water is one kind
describes a liquid that is full of bubbles
matter
anything that takes up space
solid
matter that takes a definite shape and always takes up the sa…
29 terms
Solids and Liquids
Intermolecular Forces
Chemical Bonds
London Dispersion Forces
Non-polar
What holds molecular compounds together. They are weak attrac…
The type of bonds that are way stronger than IMFs. They hold…
Instantaneous dipoles that are caused by the motion of electr…
Do LDFs contain polar or non-polar molecules?
Intermolecular Forces
What holds molecular compounds together. They are weak attrac…
Chemical Bonds
The type of bonds that are way stronger than IMFs. They hold…
Liquids and Solids
Which three phases or states can matte…
Condensed Phases
Gas Properties
Liquid Properties
Gas, liquid, and solid
Liquids and Solids due to their smaller volume relative to ga…
Conforms to the volume and shape of the container it is in, i…
Conforms to the shape of the container; however has a definit…
Which three phases or states can matte…
Gas, liquid, and solid
Condensed Phases
Liquids and Solids due to their smaller volume relative to ga…
Liquids and Solids
Hydrogen bonding
Why can't formaldehyde bond as a pure…
ion-induced dipole forces
ion-dipole forces
N, O, F + H
No polar bond (aka H is not partially positive) between C-H s…
ion + nonpolar substance
ion + polar substance (aka H2O and NaCl --> HNaCl)
Hydrogen bonding
N, O, F + H
Why can't formaldehyde bond as a pure…
No polar bond (aka H is not partially positive) between C-H s…
Liquids and Solids
What are the 3 different physical phas…
Gas: ... -Volume and Shape... -Motion... -Dens…
Liquid: ... -Volume and Shape... -Motion... -D…
Solid:... -Volume and Shape... -Motion... -Den…
Gas... Liquid ... Solid
Volume ... Conforms to the volume and shape of container... Motion…
Volume and Shape: ... Conforms to the shape of the container. Bu…
Volume and Shape: ... Defined volume and shape... Motion: ... Particl…
What are the 3 different physical phas…
Gas... Liquid ... Solid
Gas: ... -Volume and Shape... -Motion... -Dens…
Volume ... Conforms to the volume and shape of container... Motion…
Solids and Liquids
What are the two types of compounds?
What are the properties and rules for…
What are the properties and rules for…
What are terminal atoms?
Ionic-metal with nonmetal, electrons are transferred... Molecula…
-Elements gain and lose electrons to obtain a full valence sh…
-These structures help predict how the molecule is put togeth…
Atoms that are only bonded to the central atom
What are the two types of compounds?
Ionic-metal with nonmetal, electrons are transferred... Molecula…
What are the properties and rules for…
-Elements gain and lose electrons to obtain a full valence sh…
18 terms
Solids, Liquids, and Gasses
solids
crystalline solid
amorphous solid
liquid
a state of matter that has definite shape and definite volume
a solid that is made up of crystal is which particles are arr…
a solid made up of particles that are not arranged in a regul…
a state of matter that has no definite shape but has a defini…
solids
a state of matter that has definite shape and definite volume
crystalline solid
a solid that is made up of crystal is which particles are arr…
15 terms
Solids, Liquids, and Gases
solid
liquid
gas
gas
a state of matter that has a definite shape and volume
a state of matter that has a definite volume (space)
a state of matter that has no definite shape or volume
the particles will move and spread apart as they fill a conta…
solid
a state of matter that has a definite shape and volume
liquid
a state of matter that has a definite volume (space)
Solids & Liquids
Bubbly
Dissolve
Evaporate
Flexible
A liquid that is full of bubbles
When a solid mixes into a liquid and breaks down into small p…
When a liquid is heated and becomes a gas
A solid that can bend easily
Bubbly
A liquid that is full of bubbles
Dissolve
When a solid mixes into a liquid and breaks down into small p…
Solids & Liquids
Vaporization
Evaporation
Vapor Pressure
Boiling Point
the conversion of a liquid to a gas or vapor
vaporization that occurs at the surface of a liquid that is n…
a measure of the force exerted by a gas above a liquid in a s…
the temperature at which the vapor pressure of a liquid is ju…
Vaporization
the conversion of a liquid to a gas or vapor
Evaporation
vaporization that occurs at the surface of a liquid that is n…
solids liquids
matter
atom
solid
liquids
anything that has mass and takes up space
smallest unit of matter, building blocks of matter.
particles are compact, fixed volume, vibrating in place.
particles are spread out flowing, moving faster, fixed volume…
matter
anything that has mass and takes up space
atom
smallest unit of matter, building blocks of matter.
14 terms
Solids/Liquids
Molecular
Ionic
Covalent network
Metallic
Intermolecular forces... Soft, low melting points, gas at room t…
Ionic bonds... Strength depends on charge... Salts (NaCl)
Covalent bonds... Harder than molecular, higher melting point th…
Metal atoms in sea of delocalized e-... Mobility and number of e…
Molecular
Intermolecular forces... Soft, low melting points, gas at room t…
Ionic
Ionic bonds... Strength depends on charge... Salts (NaCl)
9 terms
Solids, liquids and gases
Solid
Liquid
Gas
Particle
A form of matter that has a definite shape and volume
A state of matter that has no definite shape but has a defini…
A state of matter with no definite shape or volume
the tiny pieces matter is made of (atoms and molecules)
Solid
A form of matter that has a definite shape and volume
Liquid
A state of matter that has no definite shape but has a defini…
Solids/Liquids
Kinetic Theory
Gases
Liquids
Solids
heory that explains the physical properties of matter in term…
airlike fluid substance which expands freely to fill any spac…
fluid substance; has a definite volume, but no definite shape
particles arranged such that their shape and volume are relat…
Kinetic Theory
heory that explains the physical properties of matter in term…
Gases
airlike fluid substance which expands freely to fill any spac…
39 terms
solids/liquids
Kinetic Theory
Gases
Liquids
Solids
A set of assumptions about the nature of gases. These assumpt…
Matter that has no fixed volume or shape; it conforms to the…
Matter that has a distinct volume but no specific shape.
Matter that has both a definite volume and a definite shape.
Kinetic Theory
A set of assumptions about the nature of gases. These assumpt…
Gases
Matter that has no fixed volume or shape; it conforms to the…
15 terms
Liquids & Solids
Phase Dynamic
Capillary Rise
Dynamic Equilibrium
Triple Point
Shows how the states of matter in a system are affected by ch…
Rise of liquid in a tube of small diameter.
Two opposing process come into balance and no further change…
Refers to the pressure where pressure and temperature at whic…
Phase Dynamic
Shows how the states of matter in a system are affected by ch…
Capillary Rise
Rise of liquid in a tube of small diameter.
Liquids & Solids
Liquid
Solutions
Miscibility
Immiscible
-definite volume, indefinite shape... -particles slide past each…
liquids have ability to mix w/ each other and other phases
degree to which 2 liquids can mix
two liquids repel each other b/c of polarity difference
Liquid
-definite volume, indefinite shape... -particles slide past each…
Solutions
liquids have ability to mix w/ each other and other phases
17 terms
Solids & Liquids
Smooth
Rough
Bubbly
Foamy
Opposite of rough
Bumpy, uneven surface
Bubbles are inside
Bubbles are on the surface or on the top
Smooth
Opposite of rough
Rough
Bumpy, uneven surface
16 terms
Solids & Liquids
Amorphous solid
Gas
Network crystal/macromolecule
Isomorphous solid
Substance that appears to be a solid but is not crystal. Can…
Substance in the gaseous state at room temperature
When solid substances link many unit cells together
Substance whose crystal shape and structure are same
Amorphous solid
Substance that appears to be a solid but is not crystal. Can…
Gas
Substance in the gaseous state at room temperature
15 terms
Solids liquids
Amorphous solid
Boiling point
Condensation
Condensed state
Plasma
Temp at which water boils
Water outside cold cup
State matter is most condensed
Amorphous solid
Plasma
Boiling point
Temp at which water boils
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