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Study sets matching "sonography"

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Study sets matching "sonography"

29 terms
sonography
Sonography
Components Ultrasound Machine
Types Ultrasound imagines
2D
A transducer, or probe, is connected by a cord to a larger ul…
Transducer, computer, control panel, monitor, keyboard, print…
2D, 3D, 4D, Doppler
basic flat imagines
Sonography
A transducer, or probe, is connected by a cord to a larger ul…
Components Ultrasound Machine
Transducer, computer, control panel, monitor, keyboard, print…
66 terms
Sonography
Ultrasonography
Any disruption of normal pattern
Advantages of Ultrasound
Disadvantage of Ultrasound
A dynamic means of evaluating structures within the body in a…
suggests anomaly or abnormality
Non-invasive, patients tolerate procedures well, no radiation…
Can be limited, cannot determine level of function of a struc…
Ultrasonography
A dynamic means of evaluating structures within the body in a…
Any disruption of normal pattern
suggests anomaly or abnormality
79 terms
Sonography
Ultrasonography
Gray scales
Technical impression
Technical impressions consist of:
evaluating structures within the body in a cross section
strength of the soundwaves that make it back to the transduce…
YOUR observation of correlation of images taken for the exam
-echo pattern and size... -location... -number... -composition
Ultrasonography
evaluating structures within the body in a cross section
Gray scales
strength of the soundwaves that make it back to the transduce…
88 terms
Sonography
AR
Ao
AoV
ASD
Aortic regurgitation
Aorta
Aortic valve
Atrial Septal Defect
AR
Aortic regurgitation
Ao
Aorta
180 terms
Sonography
Ultrasonograpy
Transducer process
The gray scale is what
what does the visible dot correspond to
A dynamic means of evaluating structures within the body in a…
Transducer ->Sound waves->structures->echoes->transducer->ima…
the echo coming back
echo strength
Ultrasonograpy
A dynamic means of evaluating structures within the body in a…
Transducer process
Transducer ->Sound waves->structures->echoes->transducer->ima…
68 terms
sonography
what is our hearing range?
how fast do soundwaves travel?
If mechanical stress is put on some... ma…
in ultrasound what is the range of fre…
20 - 20,000 HZ
768 mph
electric field
5 - 20 mhz
what is our hearing range?
20 - 20,000 HZ
how fast do soundwaves travel?
768 mph
43 terms
Sonography
Gallbladder functions:
Gallbladder anatomy
Common Hepatic Duct
Cystic Duct
Collects... -stores... -concentrates... -transports
pear-shaped... -Inferior and posterior of right liver lobe (extr…
3 cm long... -Lies anterior to MPV... -Becomes to CBD once it joint…
Begins at neck of gallbladder... joins CHD from liver= CBD
Gallbladder functions:
Collects... -stores... -concentrates... -transports
Gallbladder anatomy
pear-shaped... -Inferior and posterior of right liver lobe (extr…
64 terms
Sonography
What is the diagnostic frequency of so…
What is the frequency of transmission…
What was described by the Curie brothe…
What describes the property of certian…
1-10 MHz
Greater than 20 KHz
Piezoelectric Effect
Pressure Electric
What is the diagnostic frequency of so…
1-10 MHz
What is the frequency of transmission…
Greater than 20 KHz
25 terms
Sonography
Ultrasound produces sound waves beyond…
Ultrasound also permits the transmissi…
The Piezoelectric effect was described…
The Piezoelectric effect includes "___…
1-10 MHz
20 kHz
Curie brothers, 1880
Pressure electric, quartz, electric field
Ultrasound produces sound waves beyond…
1-10 MHz
Ultrasound also permits the transmissi…
20 kHz
180 terms
Sonography
Ultrasonograpy
Transducer process
The gray scale is what
what does the visible dot correspond to
A dynamic means of evaluating structures within the body in a…
Transducer ->Sound waves->structures->echoes->transducer->ima…
the echo coming back
echo strength
Ultrasonograpy
A dynamic means of evaluating structures within the body in a…
Transducer process
Transducer ->Sound waves->structures->echoes->transducer->ima…
14 terms
Sonography
Contour
anechoic
attenuation
complex
Shape and referring to objects boundaries
structure that doesn't produce any internal echoes
progressive weakening of the beam as it penetrates and gets a…
mass that is both fluid filled and solid parts
Contour
Shape and referring to objects boundaries
anechoic
structure that doesn't produce any internal echoes
47 terms
Sonography
3 classifications of thrombosis
Acute Thrombosis
Subacute Thrombosis
Chronic
-acute... -subacute... -chronic
1 day to 1-2 weeks old... non-compressible... -anechoic or display…
1-2 months old... undergoes change: gets smaller and breaks down…
Remaining thrombosis in vessel months to years... lysis only occ…
3 classifications of thrombosis
-acute... -subacute... -chronic
Acute Thrombosis
1 day to 1-2 weeks old... non-compressible... -anechoic or display…
88 terms
Sonography
AR
Ao
AoV
ASD
Aortic regurgitation
Aorta
Aortic valve
Atrial Septal Defect
AR
Aortic regurgitation
Ao
Aorta
8 terms
Sonography
Is what kind of a device
Emits
Receives signals
Avoids harmful effects of
handheld device against skin
high-frequency ultrasound
reflected back from internal organs
X-rays
Is what kind of a device
handheld device against skin
Emits
high-frequency ultrasound
Sonography
The prenatal development of the abdomi…
The aorta is a intraperitoneal structu…
At the level of the diaphragm the aort…
When is the aorta considered or diagno…
Angioblast, 3rd
false
2cm, 2.5 cm
When it exceeds 3cm
The prenatal development of the abdomi…
Angioblast, 3rd
The aorta is a intraperitoneal structu…
false
12 terms
Sonography
Sonography is a good tool for measurin…
type of sonography that is used to vie…
type of sonography that is used to vie…
what are some disadvantages of sonogra…
blood
transcranial doppler
neurosonography
requires skill operator, cannot scan through bone, bowel gas,…
Sonography is a good tool for measurin…
blood
type of sonography that is used to vie…
transcranial doppler
15 terms
Sonography
What produces the image in sonography?
Describe 2D, 3D, and 4D imaging
What does high frequency allow you to…
What does low frequency allow you to s…
The intensity of the sound waves is what produces the images
○ Originally 2D, now we have 3D and 4D ... ○ 3D is a frozen ima…
More superficial structures
Deeper structures
What produces the image in sonography?
The intensity of the sound waves is what produces the images
Describe 2D, 3D, and 4D imaging
○ Originally 2D, now we have 3D and 4D ... ○ 3D is a frozen ima…
93 terms
Sonography
What does DMS stand for?
What does RDMS stand for?
What does an RDMS specialize in?
What does RDCS stand for?
Diagnostic Medical Sonography
Registered Diagnostic Medical Sonographer
Abdomen, obstetrics/gynecology, breast, and/or neonatal neuro…
Registered Diagnostic Cardiac Sonographer
What does DMS stand for?
Diagnostic Medical Sonography
What does RDMS stand for?
Registered Diagnostic Medical Sonographer
389 terms
Sonography Final
WRDMS:
MSI:
RSI:
RMI:
work-related musculoskeletal disorder
musculoskeletal injury
repetitive strain injury
repetitive motion injury
WRDMS:
work-related musculoskeletal disorder
MSI:
musculoskeletal injury
23 terms
sonography pictures
echogenic
anechoic
echopenic
isoechoic
echogenic
anechoic
137 terms
Intro to Sonography
anechoic
echogenic or hyperechoic
enhancement, increased through transmi…
fluid-filled level
opposite of echogenic, without internal echoes, the structure…
echo-producing structure, reflects sound with a bright intens…
sound that travels through an anechoic (fluid-filled) substan…
interface between two fluids with different acoustic characte…
anechoic
opposite of echogenic, without internal echoes, the structure…
echogenic or hyperechoic
echo-producing structure, reflects sound with a bright intens…
863 terms
Sonography (abdomen)
Depth
Focus
Gain
Time gain compensation
This is referred to the field of view on the sonography machi…
This is the narrowest area of sound beam on the sonography ma…
This control amplifies all echoes returning from body to brig…
This allows the sonographer to control or compensate for atte…
Depth
This is referred to the field of view on the sonography machi…
Focus
This is the narrowest area of sound beam on the sonography ma…
55 terms
Scrotal Sonography
What is the average size of testicles?
What carries sperm from the epididymis…
What is seen as a hyprechoic line with…
The epididymis is composed of a___, __…
3-5 cm long, 2-4 cm wide, 3 cm height
Vas Defrens (ductus deferens)
Mediastinum testis
Head, body, tail
What is the average size of testicles?
3-5 cm long, 2-4 cm wide, 3 cm height
What carries sperm from the epididymis…
Vas Defrens (ductus deferens)
16 terms
Sonography History
Who did peripheral US?
What was Strandness' article about?
Who invented gray scale?
What was bi stable imagine
Strandness
Doppler
Kossoff
it was black and white only
Who did peripheral US?
Strandness
What was Strandness' article about?
Doppler
72 terms
Sonography terms
ipsilateral
contralateral
unilateral
bilateral
affecting same side of the body
affecting opposite side of the body
occurring on one side of the body
occurring on both sides of the body
ipsilateral
affecting same side of the body
contralateral
affecting opposite side of the body
174 terms
Sonography Terms
gastr
cardi
megal
Itis
stomach
means hearts
enlarged
Inflammation
gastr
stomach
cardi
means hearts
115 terms
Sonography Abbreviations
AAA
Ab
Amnio
A-mode
Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm
Abortion
Amniocentesis
Amplitude Mode, amplitude modulation scan
AAA
Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm
Ab
Abortion
95 terms
sonography terminology
continuous wave
continuous wave
pulsed wave
pulse
cannot create anatomical images
one transducer with 2 crystals one continuously sending sound…
one crystal sends out short burst of sound and the same cryst…
what type of sound wave is transmitted along a beam into the…
continuous wave
cannot create anatomical images
continuous wave
one transducer with 2 crystals one continuously sending sound…
13 terms
Sonography Terminology
Gray scale
Gain
Static image
Texture
Display mode in which echo intensity is recorded as degrees o…
Compensates for attenuation by adjusting the overall strength…
not real time (still)
The sonographic echo pattern within an organ. Each organ has…
Gray scale
Display mode in which echo intensity is recorded as degrees o…
Gain
Compensates for attenuation by adjusting the overall strength…
42 terms
Liver (sonography)
Lobes
Segments
Liver is surrounded by?
Glisson's capsule contains?
Right Lobe, Left Lobe, Caudate Lobe
Left Lobe of liver into medial and lateral, Right lobe of liv…
Glission's Capsule, except for the bare area
Fibrous connective tissue with nerves, blood vessels and lymp…
Lobes
Right Lobe, Left Lobe, Caudate Lobe
Segments
Left Lobe of liver into medial and lateral, Right lobe of liv…
51 terms
Sonography Terminology
Anterior
Posterior
Medial
Superior (cranial)
-toward the front
-toward the back
-toward the midline
-above or directed upward toward the head
Anterior
-toward the front
Posterior
-toward the back
101 terms
sonography terms
transverse is also known as the ______…
transverse plane
what does sagittal mean
sagittal plane
axial
divides body into superior and inferior portions... runs paralle…
flight of an arrow
runs vertically through the body, dividing into left and righ…
transverse is also known as the ______…
axial
transverse plane
divides body into superior and inferior portions... runs paralle…
42 terms
Sonography Terminology
Tranverse
Sagittal
Midsagittal
Parasagittal
AKA: Axial; divides body into superior and inferior portions,…
literally means "flight of an arrow," plane running verticall…
describes an equal midline division
plane running vertically thru the body dividing into off-midl…
Tranverse
AKA: Axial; divides body into superior and inferior portions,…
Sagittal
literally means "flight of an arrow," plane running verticall…
38 terms
Sonography Terminology
Tranverse
Sagittal
Parasagittal
Coronal
AKA: Axial; divides body into superior and inferior portions,…
literally means "flight of an arrow," plane running verticall…
plane running vertically thru the body dividing into off-midl…
divides body into anterior and posterior portions
Tranverse
AKA: Axial; divides body into superior and inferior portions,…
Sagittal
literally means "flight of an arrow," plane running verticall…
78 terms
Sonography Terminology
Transverse
Sagittal
Parasagittal
Coronal
Aka. Axial. Divides body into superior and infoerior portions…
means "flight of an arrow" plane running vertically thru the…
plane running vertically thru the body dividing into off-midl…
divides the body into anterior and posterior portions
Transverse
Aka. Axial. Divides body into superior and infoerior portions…
Sagittal
means "flight of an arrow" plane running vertically thru the…
30 terms
Sonography Terminology
Directional Terms
General Position
General Position
Patient Positioning
Ipsilaterall*: affecting same side of body.... •Contralaterall*…
Proximall*: nearest the point of attachment.... •Distall*: away…
Anterior/Ventral: structure lying toward frontt* of patien…
Supinee*: lying on your spine.... •Pronee*: lying face down.... •*…
Directional Terms
Ipsilaterall*: affecting same side of body.... •Contralaterall*…
General Position
Proximall*: nearest the point of attachment.... •Distall*: away…
21 terms
Essentials of sonography Terminology
anterior
caudal
cephalic
coronal
Front... Front of body
At the tail end of the body
Pertaining to the head... toward the head
A plane that divides a structure into anterior and posterior…
anterior
Front... Front of body
caudal
At the tail end of the body
25 terms
Introduction to Sonography
Diagnostic Medical Sonography (DMS)
Transducer
Acoustics
Acoustic Window
an imaging modality that is used alone or in conjunction with…
device that converts one form of energy to another (in ultras…
deals with generation, propagation, and receiving of sound wa…
term to describe an area of the body that easily transmits a…
Diagnostic Medical Sonography (DMS)
an imaging modality that is used alone or in conjunction with…
Transducer
device that converts one form of energy to another (in ultras…
49 terms
Breast Sonography
Breast
Breast
Parenchymal Elements
Stromal Elements
Paired, subcutaneous, accessory organs to female reproductive…
Made up of;... Fibrous, Glandular, Adipose tissue
Lobe... Lobules... Ducts... Acini
Connective tissue... Fat
Breast
Paired, subcutaneous, accessory organs to female reproductive…
Breast
Made up of;... Fibrous, Glandular, Adipose tissue
46 terms
Abdominal Sonography-Intro to Sonography
Interchangable terms denoting a struct…
Terms denoting a structure closer to t…
Structure lying toward the front of th…
Structure lying toward the back of the…
Superior, Cranial, Cephalad, Rostral
Inferior, Caudal
Anterior, Ventral
Posterior, Dorsal
Interchangable terms denoting a struct…
Superior, Cranial, Cephalad, Rostral
Terms denoting a structure closer to t…
Inferior, Caudal
265 terms
Sonography (abdomen)
Depth
Focus
Gain
Time gain compensation
This is referred to the field of view on the sonography machi…
This is the narrowest area of sound beam on the sonography ma…
This control amplifies all echoes returning from body to brig…
This allows the sonographer to control or compensate for atte…
Depth
This is referred to the field of view on the sonography machi…
Focus
This is the narrowest area of sound beam on the sonography ma…
50 terms
Scrotal sonography
Epididymis
Vas deferens
Androgen
Spermatic cord
Location is posterior and superior to testicle. Size is 6-7cm…
Continuation of the tail of the epididymis. This transports s…
Fetal testes produce ______________
This connects the scrotum to the abdomen through the inguinal…
Epididymis
Location is posterior and superior to testicle. Size is 6-7cm…
Vas deferens
Continuation of the tail of the epididymis. This transports s…
11 terms
postmenopausal sonography
normal physiology
menopause
postmeno bleeding
s/a postmenopausal patient
-ovaries become unresponsive to gonadotropins... -stop producing…
-occurs at 45-55 years... -endo, uterus, and vagina eventually a…
may be due to atrophic endo
-uterus and cervix proportion maintained... -myometrium may calc…
normal physiology
-ovaries become unresponsive to gonadotropins... -stop producing…
menopause
-occurs at 45-55 years... -endo, uterus, and vagina eventually a…
25 terms
Sonography Physics
S... O... N... A... R
Ultrasound History - WWII
1940's - 1950's
1960's
Sound... Navigation... and... Range... range = depth
sonar was used to find objects below the water.
The first use of diagnostic medical ultrasound was in the exa…
An image of the infant's head was visualized. This image was…
S... O... N... A... R
Sound... Navigation... and... Range... range = depth
Ultrasound History - WWII
sonar was used to find objects below the water.
51 terms
Sonography - People
Albert Waxman
Pythagoras
Archytas
Aristotle
Produced Digital Scan Converter with 64 shades of grey... Produc…
Observed relationship between sound, pitch, and frequency... Inv…
Idea that sound is produced by the motion of one object strik…
Developed the theory of sound propagation... (sound is carried b…
Albert Waxman
Produced Digital Scan Converter with 64 shades of grey... Produc…
Pythagoras
Observed relationship between sound, pitch, and frequency... Inv…
124 terms
Breast Sonography
ectoderm
sweat
exocrine
milk
***The mammary glands develop along two strips of _________,…
***The mammary glands are modified ... _________ glands.
***They are _________ glands.
***Their main function is to produce and secrete _________ .
ectoderm
***The mammary glands develop along two strips of _________,…
sweat
***The mammary glands are modified ... _________ glands.
265 terms
Sonography (abdomen)
Depth
Focus
Gain
Time gain compensation
This is referred to the field of view on the sonography machi…
This is the narrowest area of sound beam on the sonography ma…
This control amplifies all echoes returning from body to brig…
This allows the sonographer to control or compensate for atte…
Depth
This is referred to the field of view on the sonography machi…
Focus
This is the narrowest area of sound beam on the sonography ma…
50 terms
Pictures for sonography exam 1
A= Common Bile Duct... B= Hepatic Artery…
portal vein
1= aorta... 2= hepatic artery ... 3= splenic…
A= liver... B= Spine... C= IVC... D= Aorta
What are A, B, and C?
identify the structure
identify 1,2,3, and 4
identify A, B, C, and D
A= Common Bile Duct... B= Hepatic Artery…
What are A, B, and C?
portal vein
identify the structure
124 terms
Breast Sonography
ectoderm
sweat
exocrine
milk
***The mammary glands develop along two strips of _________,…
***The mammary glands are modified ... _________ glands.
***They are _________ glands.
***Their main function is to produce and secrete _________ .
ectoderm
***The mammary glands develop along two strips of _________,…
sweat
***The mammary glands are modified ... _________ glands.
133 terms
breast sonography board
Propagation speed error
What is the best transducer for breast…
Temporal resolution
spatial resolution
Causes structures to look deeper or more superficial than the…
8MHz Linear
The ability to sonographically distinguish moving structures…
axial res + lateral res
Propagation speed error
Causes structures to look deeper or more superficial than the…
What is the best transducer for breast…
8MHz Linear
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