Study sets matching "sp 3"

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Study sets matching "sp 3"

43 terms
Psychology 3 - Social Psychology
Social Psychology
What do we need in order to survive?
Prisoner's Dilemma
The Ultimatum Game
the study of the causes and consequences of sociality
Resources like food, water, and shelter. Sociality is one str…
benefits of cooperation, risk of non-cooperation
exposes a case in which people don't cooperate / 2 participan…
Social Psychology
the study of the causes and consequences of sociality
What do we need in order to survive?
Resources like food, water, and shelter. Sociality is one str…
98 terms
Social Psychology Test #3
conformity
norm of obedience
their role or job... symbols (lab coat, u…
75 9 of 12
a change in behavior due to the real or imagined influence of…
shared view that people should obey (conform to) those with l…
2 things that shape norms of obedience
In BBC's Milgram Obedience Experiment, _______% or __________…
conformity
a change in behavior due to the real or imagined influence of…
norm of obedience
shared view that people should obey (conform to) those with l…
44 terms
Social Psychology 3
Cognitive Dissonance Theory
Reducing Dissonence
Insufficient Justification
Spreading of Alternatives
situation where two cognitions conflict with each other... produ…
change one cognition ... make third cognition... reduce importance…
Better ratings when feel like its a reward and not being paid…
Denies cognitive truths and plays them down
Cognitive Dissonance Theory
situation where two cognitions conflict with each other... produ…
Reducing Dissonence
change one cognition ... make third cognition... reduce importance…
65 terms
Social Psychology #3
Discontinuity Effect
Prisoner's Dilemna Game (PDG)
Discontinuity (Fear/Greed)
Social Identity Theory
Intergroup behavior is much more competitive than inter-indiv…
Study to choose to split reward or keep reward to self... Indiv…
Fear Schema: Fearful that the other groups will behave compet…
Self-esteem is tied to the groups we belong to. Therefore we…
Discontinuity Effect
Intergroup behavior is much more competitive than inter-indiv…
Prisoner's Dilemna Game (PDG)
Study to choose to split reward or keep reward to self... Indiv…
11 terms
social psychology test #3
self-awareness
the rouge test
self-awareness theory
self-perception theory
the act of thinking about ourselves is referred to as _______…
what method described in the text has been used to determine…
according to__________________________ if you were to catch s…
According to Bem's _______________________ we find out how we…
self-awareness
the act of thinking about ourselves is referred to as _______…
the rouge test
what method described in the text has been used to determine…
Social Psychology: Chapter 3
Social cognition
self-fulfilling prophecy
dispositional inference
correspondence bias (fundamental attri…
the process of thinking about and making sense of oneself and…
when an initially inaccurate expectation leads to actions tha…
the judgement that a person's behavior has been caused by an…
the tendency for observers to overestimate the causal influen…
Social cognition
the process of thinking about and making sense of oneself and…
self-fulfilling prophecy
when an initially inaccurate expectation leads to actions tha…
15 terms
Social Psychology Chapter 3
Social Cognition
Automatic Thinking
Schemas
Accessibility
(pg. 48) How people think about themselves and the social wor…
(pg. 48) Thinking that is nonconscious, unintentional, involu…
(pg. 49) Mental structures people use to organize their knowl…
(pg. 51) The extent to which schemas and concepts are at the…
Social Cognition
(pg. 48) How people think about themselves and the social wor…
Automatic Thinking
(pg. 48) Thinking that is nonconscious, unintentional, involu…
23 terms
Social Psychology Chapter 3
Automatic Thinking
Stroop effect
Schemas
Accessibility
unconscious, unintentional, involuntary and effortless thinking
color test
mental representation of capturing the general characteristic…
the ease with which schemas can be brought to mind
Automatic Thinking
unconscious, unintentional, involuntary and effortless thinking
Stroop effect
color test
SPA3 - Social Psychology
Acquisition
Storage
Retrieval
Own-Race Bias
The process by which people notice and pay attention of infor…
The process by which people store in memory information they…
The process by which people recall information stored in thei…
The fact that people are better at recognizing faces of their…
Acquisition
The process by which people notice and pay attention of infor…
Storage
The process by which people store in memory information they…
PSY Ex3: Social Psychology
Examples of Loss of Personal Responsib…
Social Loafing
Deindividuation
Experiments that tested the effects of…
• Social loafing... • Deindividuation... • The baiting crowd... • Phys…
People exert less effort when individual efforts are pooled a…
When groups arouse & diffuse responsibility to the point of l…
1. Zimbardo (1970)... 2. Johnson & Downing (1979)... 3. Postman & S…
Examples of Loss of Personal Responsib…
• Social loafing... • Deindividuation... • The baiting crowd... • Phys…
Social Loafing
People exert less effort when individual efforts are pooled a…
21 terms
Social Psychology Chapter 3
priming
embodied cognition
belief perseverance
misinformation effect
the activation, often unconsciously, of particular associatio…
In psychological science, the influence of bodily sensations,…
clinging to one's initial conceptions after the basis on whic…
A tendency to misremember an event, particularly when mislead…
priming
the activation, often unconsciously, of particular associatio…
embodied cognition
In psychological science, the influence of bodily sensations,…
social psychology unit 3
conformity
obedience
Stanley Milgram
Milgram human behavior
going along with others that have no special right to direct…
compliance with higher authorities in a hierarchical structure
we ar socialized to submit to impersonal authority figures, w…
believed obedience to authority had less to do w authority fi…
conformity
going along with others that have no special right to direct…
obedience
compliance with higher authorities in a hierarchical structure
Social Psychology [Chapter 3]
Social Cognition
Schemas
Karsakov's Syndrome
Accessibility
"social thinking"; how people think about themselves and the…
mental structures that we have in our minds that people use t…
neurological disorder characterized by the inability to form…
the extent to which schemas and concepts are at the forefront…
Social Cognition
"social thinking"; how people think about themselves and the…
Schemas
mental structures that we have in our minds that people use t…
Social Psychology EX3
social psychology definition
attribution theory
internal attribution
external attribution
the study of how people interact with other people... how peo…
study of how people perceive the causes of behavior... proces…
concluding that a behavior was caused by ones internal dispos…
concluding that a behavior was caused by the external situati…
social psychology definition
the study of how people interact with other people... how peo…
attribution theory
study of how people perceive the causes of behavior... proces…
Social Psychology 3
Pro social behaviour
Why are humans called the bi polar ape?
Kitty Genovese
Pluralistic ignorance
-to help others... -bonobos
-mix of bonobos and chimpanzees
-stabbed 3 dif times in ny and no one called
-error that we think no one else sees it like we do... -e.g thin…
Pro social behaviour
-to help others... -bonobos
Why are humans called the bi polar ape?
-mix of bonobos and chimpanzees
Social Psychology Test 3
attitude
three components of attitudes
Situational hurdle
cognitively based attitude
evaluations of people, objects, and ideas
cognitive, behavioral, affective
...
an attitude based primarily on people's beliefs about the pro…
attitude
evaluations of people, objects, and ideas
three components of attitudes
cognitive, behavioral, affective
14 terms
Social Psychology: chapter 3 (Socialization)
Socialization
Agents of Socialization
Primary Socialization
Secondary Socialization
The ways in which individuals learn and recreate skills, know…
- family ... - religion ... - peers... - mass media ... - school/ educati…
ex: family setting
Process where we are learning appropriate behaviour and value…
Socialization
The ways in which individuals learn and recreate skills, know…
Agents of Socialization
- family ... - religion ... - peers... - mass media ... - school/ educati…
158 terms
Social Psychology Exam 3
What is social influence?
What are three types of social influen…
What is conformity?
What is a norm?
the exercise of social power by a person or group in order to…
1. conformity... 2. compliance... 3. obedience
giving in to perceived group pressure by copying the behavior…
an expected standard of behavior and belief established and e…
What is social influence?
the exercise of social power by a person or group in order to…
What are three types of social influen…
1. conformity... 2. compliance... 3. obedience
93 terms
Social Psychology Exam 3
Social Influence
Conformity
Norm
Pluralistic Ignorance
The exercise of social power by a person or group in order to…
Giving into perceived group pressure by copying the behavior…
An expected standard of behavior and belief established and e…
The tendency to think that everyone else is interpreting a si…
Social Influence
The exercise of social power by a person or group in order to…
Conformity
Giving into perceived group pressure by copying the behavior…
158 terms
Social Psychology Exam 3
What is Beauty?
Is beauty an objective quality?
Is beauty subjective quality?
What is Attraction?
The quality or aggregate of abilities in a person or thing th…
Some argue yes, that certain faces are inherently more attrac…
People from different cultures enhance their beauty in differ…
the action or power of drawing forth a response... -something t…
What is Beauty?
The quality or aggregate of abilities in a person or thing th…
Is beauty an objective quality?
Some argue yes, that certain faces are inherently more attrac…
196 terms
Social Psychology Exam 3
Define stereotype. Give an example.
What are 2 problems with stereotyping…
Define prejudice.... Give an example.
Prejudice involves
A belief about the personal attributes of a group of people.…
They can't be applied to everyone in the group.... They may inac…
An unjustifiable negative attitude toward a group and its ind…
Treating others as interchangeable exemplars of their groups…
Define stereotype. Give an example.
A belief about the personal attributes of a group of people.…
What are 2 problems with stereotyping…
They can't be applied to everyone in the group.... They may inac…
37 terms
AP Psychology Unit 3-Social Psychology
social psychology
attribution theory
fundamental attribution error
attitude
the scientific study of how we think about, influence, and re…
the theory that we explain someone's behavior by crediting ei…
the tendency for observers, when analyzing another's behavior…
feelings, often influenced by our beliefs, that predispose us…
social psychology
the scientific study of how we think about, influence, and re…
attribution theory
the theory that we explain someone's behavior by crediting ei…
20 terms
Social Psychology Chapter 3
Social perception
Paul Ekman (1994)
Universal emotions
Microexpressions
Trying to know and understand other people's traits, motives,…
Evidence for universality of at least six basic facial expres…
Happiness, sadness, fear, surprise, anger and disgust... -Found…
Fleeting facial expressions that indicate true feelings and r…
Social perception
Trying to know and understand other people's traits, motives,…
Paul Ekman (1994)
Evidence for universality of at least six basic facial expres…
Social Psychology: Test 3
Social Psychology
Person Perception
Effects of Personal Appearance
Stereotypes
The branch of psychology concerned with the way individuals'…
process of forming impressions of others.
Good looking people command more attention than less attracti…
Widely held beliefs that people have certain characteristics…
Social Psychology
The branch of psychology concerned with the way individuals'…
Person Perception
process of forming impressions of others.
Social Psychology Chapter 3
social cognition
expectation
self fulfilling prophecy
dispositional inference
the process through which people think about and make sense o…
a belief that something will happen with the people and envir…
when an initially inaccurate expectation leads to actions tha…
the judgement that a person's behavior has been caused by an…
social cognition
the process through which people think about and make sense o…
expectation
a belief that something will happen with the people and envir…
16 terms
PROBLEM 3 - Social Psychology
Conformity
5 Types of Conformity
Sherif's Experiment
Solomon Asch's Experiment
Change in opinion to stay consistent with that of a group
1. Compliance - Privately disagree, but publicly agree... 2. Con…
Red moving dot of light in the dark room, and subjects are as…
Showed two images of various sizes of string and asked the su…
Conformity
Change in opinion to stay consistent with that of a group
5 Types of Conformity
1. Compliance - Privately disagree, but publicly agree... 2. Con…
Social Psychology Chapter 3
Social Perception
Nonverbal Communication
Attribution
Impression Formation
The process through which we seek to know and understand othe…
Communication between individuals that does not involve the c…
The process through which we seek to identify the causes of o…
The process through which we form impressions of others.
Social Perception
The process through which we seek to know and understand othe…
Nonverbal Communication
Communication between individuals that does not involve the c…
Social Psychology Ch. 3
social cognition
automatic thinking
schemas
accessibility
how people think about themselves and the social world;... more…
thinking that is nonconscious, unintentional, involuntary, an…
mental structures people use to organize their knowledge abou…
the extent to which schemas and concepts are at the forefront…
social cognition
how people think about themselves and the social world;... more…
automatic thinking
thinking that is nonconscious, unintentional, involuntary, an…
34 terms
Social Psychology Exam 3
propinquity effect
functional distance
mere exposure
results of Leon Festinger's apartment…
the more we see and interact with people, the more likely we…
more likely that some people will come into contact with each…
The finding that the more exposure we have to a stimulus, the…
41% of the next-door neighbors indicated they were close frie…
propinquity effect
the more we see and interact with people, the more likely we…
functional distance
more likely that some people will come into contact with each…
65 terms
Social Psychology: Exam #3
Continuum of Social Influence
Yielding to Influence
Resisting Influence
Conformity
Yielding to Influence <--> Resisting Influence
Obedience... Compliance... Conformity
Defiance... Assertiveness ... Independence
The tendency to change our perceptions, opinions, or behavior…
Continuum of Social Influence
Yielding to Influence <--> Resisting Influence
Yielding to Influence
Obedience... Compliance... Conformity
23 terms
Social Psychology (Myers) Ch 3
priming
embodied cognition
belief perseverance
misinformation effect
activating particular associations in memory
the mutual influence of bodily sensations on cognitive prefer…
persistence of one's initial conceptions, such as when the ba…
incorporating "misinformation" into one's memory of the event…
priming
activating particular associations in memory
embodied cognition
the mutual influence of bodily sensations on cognitive prefer…
3 Social Psychology
Social psychology
Nonverbal actions and expressions affe…
The first thing we notice about anothe…
Thin slices of behavior
Social psychology is concerned with how people influence othe…
How you initially feel about others will be determined mostly…
the face
Seconds-long observations offer powerful cues for impression…
Social psychology
Social psychology is concerned with how people influence othe…
Nonverbal actions and expressions affe…
How you initially feel about others will be determined mostly…
32 terms
Social Psychology test 3
Stereotype
Preudice
Discrimination
French Canadians are working class, ea…
A belief about the personal attributed of a group of people
Negative evaluation of a group
Unequal treatment of a group
Stereotyping
Stereotype
A belief about the personal attributed of a group of people
Preudice
Negative evaluation of a group
Psychology Exam #3: Social Psychology
Milgram's Obedience Experiments
Cognitive Dissonance Theory
Ways to Reduce Cognitive Dissonance
Sherif's Studies of Conformity
Tested people's obedience with his "shock experiment". 75% of…
Festinger: evidence against our positive self-image produces…
Change behavior... Justify behavior... Justify behavior by changing…
"Ambiguity"... Rate, direction, and amount a dot moves on a scre…
Milgram's Obedience Experiments
Tested people's obedience with his "shock experiment". 75% of…
Cognitive Dissonance Theory
Festinger: evidence against our positive self-image produces…
Social Psychology Chapter 3
Thinking that is non-conscious, uninte…
Pause and think about the right course…
Basing a judgement on the ease with wh…
Classifying something according to how…
Automatic thinking
Controlled thinking
Availabilit Heuristic
Representative Heuristic
Thinking that is non-conscious, uninte…
Automatic thinking
Pause and think about the right course…
Controlled thinking
1,187 terms
Social Psychology-3
role
attitude
Where do attitudes come from?
Cognitive Sources
a set of norms that defines how people in a given social posi…
a favorable or unfavorable evaluative reaction toward somethi…
*Cognitive sources... (Salient goals)... *Affective sources... -Evalua…
-active goals ... goal-relevant objects are evaluated more posit…
role
a set of norms that defines how people in a given social posi…
attitude
a favorable or unfavorable evaluative reaction toward somethi…
96 terms
Social Psychology 3
hostile aggression
instrumental aggression
Crime and heat
What prompted President Reagan's attem…
behavior intended to harm another, motivated by feelings of a…
behavior intended to harm another in the service of motives o…
The number of hot days predicted higher violent crime rates b…
Previous viewing of a movie in which a psychopath attempts to…
hostile aggression
behavior intended to harm another, motivated by feelings of a…
instrumental aggression
behavior intended to harm another in the service of motives o…
13 terms
AP Psychology #3: Social Psychology
Attribution Theory
Fudamental Attribution Error
Attitudes
Foot-In-The-Door Phenomenon
suggests how we explain someone's behavior-by crediting eithe…
The tendency for observers, when analyzing another's behavior…
Are feelings, often based on your beliefs, that predispose us…
The tendency for people who have first agreed to a request to…
Attribution Theory
suggests how we explain someone's behavior-by crediting eithe…
Fudamental Attribution Error
The tendency for observers, when analyzing another's behavior…
50 terms
Social Psychology
Social Psychology
Attribution Theory
Fundamental Attribution Error
Attitude
the scientific study of how we think about, influence, and re…
the theory that we explain someone's behavior by crediting ei…
the tendency for observers, when analyzing another's behavior…
feelings, often influenced by our beliefs, that predispose us…
Social Psychology
the scientific study of how we think about, influence, and re…
Attribution Theory
the theory that we explain someone's behavior by crediting ei…
Social Psychology L3
Actions influence attitudes
Grasshopper example
Cognitive dissonance
Dissonance prevention
• Attitude: A cognitive representation that summarizes an ind…
• Host says: 'Try the grasshoppers, they're excellent'... • Host…
• Definition: An unpleasant state caused by awareness of inco…
• Disrupting any step, stops dissonance.... • Example: Go to a r…
Actions influence attitudes
• Attitude: A cognitive representation that summarizes an ind…
Grasshopper example
• Host says: 'Try the grasshoppers, they're excellent'... • Host…
27 terms
Social Psychology Chapt. 3
individual self
relational self
collective self
reflected self-appraisals
beliefs about our unique personal traits, abilities, preferen…
beliefs about our identities in specific relationships
beliefs about our identities as members of social groups to w…
beliefs about what others think of our social selves
individual self
beliefs about our unique personal traits, abilities, preferen…
relational self
beliefs about our identities in specific relationships
30 terms
Social Psychology Ch. 3
self-schema
reflected self-appraisals
working self-concept
social comparison theory
A cognitive structure, derived from past experience, that rep…
A belief about what others think of one's self.
A subset of self-knowledge that is brought to mind in a parti…
The hypothesis that people compare themselves to other people…
self-schema
A cognitive structure, derived from past experience, that rep…
reflected self-appraisals
A belief about what others think of one's self.
19 terms
Social Psychology L-3
Sympathy breakthroughts
emotion
appraisal processes
Core-relational themes
have led to shift in constructs (from fight or flight to altr…
Brief, specific psychological and physiological responses tha…
The ways people evaluate events and objects in their environm…
distinct themes, such as danger or offense or fairness, that…
Sympathy breakthroughts
have led to shift in constructs (from fight or flight to altr…
emotion
Brief, specific psychological and physiological responses tha…
23 terms
Social Psychology 3
Priming
Embodied cognition
Belief persistence
Misinformation effect
Activating particular associations in memory
The mutual influence of bodily sensations on cognitive prefer…
Persistence of one's original conceptions in the face of disc…
Incorporating misinformation into one's memory of an even aft…
Priming
Activating particular associations in memory
Embodied cognition
The mutual influence of bodily sensations on cognitive prefer…
27 terms
Social Psychology Ch. 3
Attribution theory
♫ Internal (dispositional) attribution
♫ External (situational) attribution
Distinctiveness
the theory of how people explain others' behavior
internal characteristics such as attitude, mood, personality…
behavior caused by some outside factors
Is behavior unique?
Attribution theory
the theory of how people explain others' behavior
♫ Internal (dispositional) attribution
internal characteristics such as attitude, mood, personality…
Social Psychology Chapter 2&3
What is the general relationship betwe…
In his study of obedience to authority…
If a person makes a prior commitment t…
In which situation is there likely to…
When a person knows he will be accountable to a group for his…
when the experimenter was out of the room, fewer subjects wer…
less susceptible to group pressure to conform
when women are in an experiment with a male researcher
What is the general relationship betwe…
When a person knows he will be accountable to a group for his…
In his study of obedience to authority…
when the experimenter was out of the room, fewer subjects wer…
social psychology 3
social facilitation
social facilitation
deindividuation
deindividuation
stronger responses on simple or well learned tasks in the pre…
stronger drive to do better around others... competitive drive... s…
the loss of self awareness and self restraint occurring in gr…
while in a group, you become less of an individual and act mo…
social facilitation
stronger responses on simple or well learned tasks in the pre…
social facilitation
stronger drive to do better around others... competitive drive... s…
55 terms
Social Psychology Test #3
When do people conform?
Minority Influence
Types of Social Power: Rewards
Types of Social Power: Coercion
- The size of the group (bigger groups people conform more)…
Influence that members of a minority have over the majority i…
Getting a reward for doing something nice for someone
Threats or physical force to get someone to do something
When do people conform?
- The size of the group (bigger groups people conform more)…
Minority Influence
Influence that members of a minority have over the majority i…
Social Psychology Ch. 3
Self-schema
Reflected self-appraisal
Working self-concept
Social comparison theory
A cognitive structure, derived from past experience, that rep…
A belief about what others think of one's self.
A subset of self-knowledge that is brought to mind in a parti…
The hypothesis that people compare themselves to other people…
Self-schema
A cognitive structure, derived from past experience, that rep…
Reflected self-appraisal
A belief about what others think of one's self.
Social Psychology Exam 3
Research concerning automatic prejudic…
Ayres' (1991) research team visited 90…
Linking good fortune with virtue and m…
More lynching of Blacks took place in…
automatic processing involves primitive areas of the brain as…
Black females
just-world
displaced aggression.
Research concerning automatic prejudic…
automatic processing involves primitive areas of the brain as…
Ayres' (1991) research team visited 90…
Black females
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