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Study sets matching "sp 3"

43 terms
Psychology 3 - Social Psychology
Social Psychology
What do we need in order to survive?
Prisoner's Dilemma
The Ultimatum Game
the study of the causes and consequences of sociality
Resources like food, water, and shelter. Sociality is one str…
benefits of cooperation, risk of non-cooperation
exposes a case in which people don't cooperate / 2 participan…
Social Psychology
the study of the causes and consequences of sociality
What do we need in order to survive?
Resources like food, water, and shelter. Sociality is one str…
98 terms
Social Psychology Test #3
conformity
norm of obedience
their role or job... symbols (lab coat, u…
75 9 of 12
a change in behavior due to the real or imagined influence of…
shared view that people should obey (conform to) those with l…
2 things that shape norms of obedience
In BBC's Milgram Obedience Experiment, _______% or __________…
conformity
a change in behavior due to the real or imagined influence of…
norm of obedience
shared view that people should obey (conform to) those with l…
11 terms
social psychology test #3
self-awareness
the rouge test
self-awareness theory
self-perception theory
the act of thinking about ourselves is referred to as _______…
what method described in the text has been used to determine…
according to__________________________ if you were to catch s…
According to Bem's _______________________ we find out how we…
self-awareness
the act of thinking about ourselves is referred to as _______…
the rouge test
what method described in the text has been used to determine…
65 terms
Social Psychology #3
Discontinuity Effect
Prisoner's Dilemna Game (PDG)
Discontinuity (Fear/Greed)
Social Identity Theory
Intergroup behavior is much more competitive than inter-indiv…
Study to choose to split reward or keep reward to self... Indiv…
Fear Schema: Fearful that the other groups will behave compet…
Self-esteem is tied to the groups we belong to. Therefore we…
Discontinuity Effect
Intergroup behavior is much more competitive than inter-indiv…
Prisoner's Dilemna Game (PDG)
Study to choose to split reward or keep reward to self... Indiv…
22 terms
PSY Ex3: Social Psychology
Examples of Loss of Personal Responsib…
Social Loafing
Deindividuation
Experiments that tested the effects of…
• Social loafing... • Deindividuation... • The baiting crowd... • Phys…
People exert less effort when individual efforts are pooled a…
When groups arouse & diffuse responsibility to the point of l…
1. Zimbardo (1970)... 2. Johnson & Downing (1979)... 3. Postman & S…
Examples of Loss of Personal Responsib…
• Social loafing... • Deindividuation... • The baiting crowd... • Phys…
Social Loafing
People exert less effort when individual efforts are pooled a…
15 terms
Social Psychology Chapter 3
Social Cognition
Automatic Thinking
Schemas
Accessibility
(pg. 48) How people think about themselves and the social wor…
(pg. 48) Thinking that is nonconscious, unintentional, involu…
(pg. 49) Mental structures people use to organize their knowl…
(pg. 51) The extent to which schemas and concepts are at the…
Social Cognition
(pg. 48) How people think about themselves and the social wor…
Automatic Thinking
(pg. 48) Thinking that is nonconscious, unintentional, involu…
46 terms
social psychology unit 3
conformity
obedience
Stanley Milgram
Milgram human behavior
going along with others that have no special right to direct…
compliance with higher authorities in a hierarchical structure
we ar socialized to submit to impersonal authority figures, w…
believed obedience to authority had less to do w authority fi…
conformity
going along with others that have no special right to direct…
obedience
compliance with higher authorities in a hierarchical structure
37 terms
AP Psychology Unit 3-Social Psychology
social psychology
attribution theory
fundamental attribution error
attitude
the scientific study of how we think about, influence, and re…
the theory that we explain someone's behavior by crediting ei…
the tendency for observers, when analyzing another's behavior…
feelings, often influenced by our beliefs, that predispose us…
social psychology
the scientific study of how we think about, influence, and re…
attribution theory
the theory that we explain someone's behavior by crediting ei…
50 terms
Social Psychology
Social Psychology
Attribution Theory
Fundamental Attribution Error
Attitude
the scientific study of how we think about, influence, and re…
the theory that we explain someone's behavior by crediting ei…
the tendency for observers, when analyzing another's behavior…
feelings, often influenced by our beliefs, that predispose us…
Social Psychology
the scientific study of how we think about, influence, and re…
Attribution Theory
the theory that we explain someone's behavior by crediting ei…
56 terms
Social Psychology, Chapter 3
Traits
Introductory Example
The Self
Five-factor model (Biological)
Consistent ways that people think, feel, and act across class…
Patty Hearst was the daughter of a newspaper tycoon. She was…
4 approaches to the nature of the self:... 1. Nature is shaped b…
Five personality traits (openness, conscientiousness, extrave…
Traits
Consistent ways that people think, feel, and act across class…
Introductory Example
Patty Hearst was the daughter of a newspaper tycoon. She was…
44 terms
Social Psychology 3
Cognitive Dissonance Theory
Reducing Dissonence
Insufficient Justification
Spreading of Alternatives
situation where two cognitions conflict with each other... produ…
change one cognition ... make third cognition... reduce importance…
Better ratings when feel like its a reward and not being paid…
Denies cognitive truths and plays them down
Cognitive Dissonance Theory
situation where two cognitions conflict with each other... produ…
Reducing Dissonence
change one cognition ... make third cognition... reduce importance…
158 terms
Social Psychology Exam 3
What is Beauty?
Is beauty an objective quality?
Is beauty subjective quality?
What is Attraction?
The quality or aggregate of abilities in a person or thing th…
Some argue yes, that certain faces are inherently more attrac…
People from different cultures enhance their beauty in differ…
the action or power of drawing forth a response... -something t…
What is Beauty?
The quality or aggregate of abilities in a person or thing th…
Is beauty an objective quality?
Some argue yes, that certain faces are inherently more attrac…
23 terms
Social Psychology Chapter 3
Automatic Thinking
Stroop effect
Schemas
Accessibility
unconscious, unintentional, involuntary and effortless thinking
color test
mental representation of capturing the general characteristic…
the ease with which schemas can be brought to mind
Automatic Thinking
unconscious, unintentional, involuntary and effortless thinking
Stroop effect
color test
34 terms
Social Psychology Exam 3
propinquity effect
functional distance
mere exposure
results of Leon Festinger's apartment…
the more we see and interact with people, the more likely we…
more likely that some people will come into contact with each…
The finding that the more exposure we have to a stimulus, the…
41% of the next-door neighbors indicated they were close frie…
propinquity effect
the more we see and interact with people, the more likely we…
functional distance
more likely that some people will come into contact with each…
1,187 terms
Social Psychology-3
role
attitude
Where do attitudes come from?
Cognitive Sources
a set of norms that defines how people in a given social posi…
a favorable or unfavorable evaluative reaction toward somethi…
*Cognitive sources... (Salient goals)... *Affective sources... -Evalua…
-active goals ... goal-relevant objects are evaluated more posit…
role
a set of norms that defines how people in a given social posi…
attitude
a favorable or unfavorable evaluative reaction toward somethi…
1,994 terms
Social Psychology 3
What are the 4 components of group eff…
What is the definition of performance
Definition of member satisfaction
What is group learning
performance... member satisfaction... group learning... outsider satis…
How well group members produce output in terms of quality, qu…
How well group members create a positive experience through t…
How well members can acquire new skills, perspectives + behav…
What are the 4 components of group eff…
performance... member satisfaction... group learning... outsider satis…
What is the definition of performance
How well group members produce output in terms of quality, qu…
9 terms
SPA3 - Social Psychology
Acquisition
Storage
Retrieval
Own-Race Bias
The process by which people notice and pay attention of infor…
The process by which people store in memory information they…
The process by which people recall information stored in thei…
The fact that people are better at recognizing faces of their…
Acquisition
The process by which people notice and pay attention of infor…
Storage
The process by which people store in memory information they…
160 terms
Social Psychology - Exam 3
need to belong
proximity
functional distance
anticipation of interaction
a motivation to bond with others in relationships that provid…
geographical nearness ... -powerfully predicts liking
how often peoples paths cross
merely anticipating an interaction increases liking of another
need to belong
a motivation to bond with others in relationships that provid…
proximity
geographical nearness ... -powerfully predicts liking
21 terms
Social Psychology Chapter 3
priming
embodied cognition
belief perseverance
misinformation effect
the activation, often unconsciously, of particular associatio…
In psychological science, the influence of bodily sensations,…
clinging to one's initial conceptions after the basis on whic…
A tendency to misremember an event, particularly when mislead…
priming
the activation, often unconsciously, of particular associatio…
embodied cognition
In psychological science, the influence of bodily sensations,…
107 terms
Social Psychology Exam 3
Research concerning automatic prejudic…
Ayres' (1991) research team visited 90…
Linking good fortune with virtue and m…
More lynching of Blacks took place in…
automatic processing involves primitive areas of the brain as…
Black females
just-world
displaced aggression.
Research concerning automatic prejudic…
automatic processing involves primitive areas of the brain as…
Ayres' (1991) research team visited 90…
Black females
20 terms
social psychology unit 3
_____________ attitudes are composed o…
_____________... - rate statements from "…
strong desirability bias (honesty)... fa…
- Stress, sweat, conductivity... - Streng…
Tripartite View
Lickert Scaling
Self reports
Galvanic skin response
_____________ attitudes are composed o…
Tripartite View
_____________... - rate statements from "…
Lickert Scaling
14 terms
Social Psychology: chapter 3 (Socialization)
Socialization
Agents of Socialization
Primary Socialization
Secondary Socialization
The ways in which individuals learn and recreate skills, know…
- family ... - religion ... - peers... - mass media ... - school/ educati…
ex: family setting
Process where we are learning appropriate behaviour and value…
Socialization
The ways in which individuals learn and recreate skills, know…
Agents of Socialization
- family ... - religion ... - peers... - mass media ... - school/ educati…
16 terms
Social Psychology [Chapter 3]
Social Cognition
Schemas
Karsakov's Syndrome
Accessibility
"social thinking"; how people think about themselves and the…
mental structures that we have in our minds that people use t…
neurological disorder characterized by the inability to form…
the extent to which schemas and concepts are at the forefront…
Social Cognition
"social thinking"; how people think about themselves and the…
Schemas
mental structures that we have in our minds that people use t…
43 terms
Social Psychology EX3
social psychology definition
attribution theory
internal attribution
external attribution
the study of how people interact with other people... how peo…
study of how people perceive the causes of behavior... proces…
concluding that a behavior was caused by ones internal dispos…
concluding that a behavior was caused by the external situati…
social psychology definition
the study of how people interact with other people... how peo…
attribution theory
study of how people perceive the causes of behavior... proces…
23 terms
Social Psychology (Myers) Ch 3
priming
embodied cognition
belief perseverance
misinformation effect
activating particular associations in memory
the mutual influence of bodily sensations on cognitive prefer…
persistence of one's initial conceptions, such as when the ba…
incorporating "misinformation" into one's memory of the event…
priming
activating particular associations in memory
embodied cognition
the mutual influence of bodily sensations on cognitive prefer…
50 terms
Psychology - Social Psychology (Nicdao)
Social Psychology
Attribution Theory
Fundamental Attribution Error
Attitude
the scientific study of how we think about, influence, and re…
the theory that we explain someone's behavior by crediting ei…
the tendency for observers, when analyzing another's behavior…
feelings, often influenced by our beliefs, that predispose us…
Social Psychology
the scientific study of how we think about, influence, and re…
Attribution Theory
the theory that we explain someone's behavior by crediting ei…
52 terms
Social Psychology Test 3
attitude
three components of attitudes
Situational hurdle
cognitively based attitude
evaluations of people, objects, and ideas
cognitive, behavioral, affective
...
an attitude based primarily on people's beliefs about the pro…
attitude
evaluations of people, objects, and ideas
three components of attitudes
cognitive, behavioral, affective
19 terms
Social Psychology 3
Pro social behaviour
Why are humans called the bi polar ape?
Kitty Genovese
Pluralistic ignorance
-to help others... -bonobos
-mix of bonobos and chimpanzees
-stabbed 3 dif times in ny and no one called
-error that we think no one else sees it like we do... -e.g thin…
Pro social behaviour
-to help others... -bonobos
Why are humans called the bi polar ape?
-mix of bonobos and chimpanzees
50 terms
Social Psychology
Social Psychology
Attribution Theory
Fundamental Attribution Error
Attitude
the scientific study of how we think about, influence, and re…
the theory that we explain someone's behavior by crediting ei…
the tendency for observers, when analyzing another's behavior…
feelings, often influenced by our beliefs, that predispose us…
Social Psychology
the scientific study of how we think about, influence, and re…
Attribution Theory
the theory that we explain someone's behavior by crediting ei…
21 terms
Social Psychology: The Social Self 3
self-concept
self-schema
affective forecasting
self-perception theory
The sum total of an individual's beliefs about his or her own…
A belief people hold about themselves that guides the process…
The process of predicting how one would feel in response to f…
The theory that when internal cues are difficult to interpret…
self-concept
The sum total of an individual's beliefs about his or her own…
self-schema
A belief people hold about themselves that guides the process…
196 terms
Social Psychology Exam 3
Define stereotype. Give an example.
What are 2 problems with stereotyping…
Define prejudice.... Give an example.
Prejudice involves
A belief about the personal attributes of a group of people.…
They can't be applied to everyone in the group.... They may inac…
An unjustifiable negative attitude toward a group and its ind…
Treating others as interchangeable exemplars of their groups…
Define stereotype. Give an example.
A belief about the personal attributes of a group of people.…
What are 2 problems with stereotyping…
They can't be applied to everyone in the group.... They may inac…
43 terms
Social Psychology
Social Psychology
Attribution Theory
Fundamental Attribution Error
Attitude
the scientific study of how we think about, influence, and re…
the theory that we explain someone's behavior by crediting ei…
the tendency for observers, when analyzing another's behavior…
feelings, often influenced by our beliefs, that predispose us…
Social Psychology
the scientific study of how we think about, influence, and re…
Attribution Theory
the theory that we explain someone's behavior by crediting ei…
27 terms
Social Psychology 3
Affective
Behavioural
Cognitvite
Ambivalent sexism
Prejudice
Discrimination
Stereotype
attitudes about women that reflect negative, resentful belief…
Affective
Prejudice
Behavioural
Discrimination
20 terms
Social Psychology Chapter 3
Social perception
Paul Ekman (1994)
Universal emotions
Microexpressions
Trying to know and understand other people's traits, motives,…
Evidence for universality of at least six basic facial expres…
Happiness, sadness, fear, surprise, anger and disgust... -Found…
Fleeting facial expressions that indicate true feelings and r…
Social perception
Trying to know and understand other people's traits, motives,…
Paul Ekman (1994)
Evidence for universality of at least six basic facial expres…
47 terms
AP Psychology Unit 14(3) - Social Psychology
Social Psychology
Attribution Theory
Fundamental Attribution Error
Attitude
The scientific study of how we think about, influence, and re…
The theory that we explain someone's behavior by crediting ei…
The tendency for observers, when analyzing another's behavior…
Feelings, often influenced by our beliefs, that predispose us…
Social Psychology
The scientific study of how we think about, influence, and re…
Attribution Theory
The theory that we explain someone's behavior by crediting ei…
17 terms
Social Psychology: Chapter 3
Social cognition
self-fulfilling prophecy
dispositional inference
correspondence bias (fundamental attri…
the process of thinking about and making sense of oneself and…
when an initially inaccurate expectation leads to actions tha…
the judgement that a person's behavior has been caused by an…
the tendency for observers to overestimate the causal influen…
Social cognition
the process of thinking about and making sense of oneself and…
self-fulfilling prophecy
when an initially inaccurate expectation leads to actions tha…
27 terms
Social Psychology
Social Psychology
Attribution Theory
Fundamental Attribution Error
Attitude
the scientific study of how we think about, influence, and re…
the theory that we explain someone's behavior by crediting ei…
the tendency for observers, when analyzing another's behavior…
feelings, often influenced by our beliefs, that predispose us…
Social Psychology
the scientific study of how we think about, influence, and re…
Attribution Theory
the theory that we explain someone's behavior by crediting ei…
31 terms
Social Psychology Chapter 3
social cognition
expectation
self fulfilling prophecy
dispositional inference
the process through which people think about and make sense o…
a belief that something will happen with the people and envir…
when an initially inaccurate expectation leads to actions tha…
the judgement that a person's behavior has been caused by an…
social cognition
the process through which people think about and make sense o…
expectation
a belief that something will happen with the people and envir…
13 terms
AP Psychology #3: Social Psychology
Attribution Theory
Fudamental Attribution Error
Attitudes
Foot-In-The-Door Phenomenon
suggests how we explain someone's behavior-by crediting eithe…
The tendency for observers, when analyzing another's behavior…
Are feelings, often based on your beliefs, that predispose us…
The tendency for people who have first agreed to a request to…
Attribution Theory
suggests how we explain someone's behavior-by crediting eithe…
Fudamental Attribution Error
The tendency for observers, when analyzing another's behavior…
Psychology Exam #3: Social Psychology
Milgram's Obedience Experiments
Cognitive Dissonance Theory
Ways to Reduce Cognitive Dissonance
Sherif's Studies of Conformity
Tested people's obedience with his "shock experiment". 75% of…
Festinger: evidence against our positive self-image produces…
Change behavior... Justify behavior... Justify behavior by changing…
"Ambiguity"... Rate, direction, and amount a dot moves on a scre…
Milgram's Obedience Experiments
Tested people's obedience with his "shock experiment". 75% of…
Cognitive Dissonance Theory
Festinger: evidence against our positive self-image produces…
25 terms
Social Psychology Chapter 3
Social Perception
Nonverbal Communication
Attribution
Impression Formation
The process through which we seek to know and understand othe…
Communication between individuals that does not involve the c…
The process through which we seek to identify the causes of o…
The process through which we form impressions of others.
Social Perception
The process through which we seek to know and understand othe…
Nonverbal Communication
Communication between individuals that does not involve the c…
16 terms
PROBLEM 3 - Social Psychology
Conformity
5 Types of Conformity
Sherif's Experiment
Solomon Asch's Experiment
Change in opinion to stay consistent with that of a group
1. Compliance - Privately disagree, but publicly agree... 2. Con…
Red moving dot of light in the dark room, and subjects are as…
Showed two images of various sizes of string and asked the su…
Conformity
Change in opinion to stay consistent with that of a group
5 Types of Conformity
1. Compliance - Privately disagree, but publicly agree... 2. Con…
31 terms
Social Psychology 3
Primary effect
Regency effect
Schemas
Prototype
Information we receive first is more influential... First impres…
Information we receive most recently is more influential... Late…
Help guide thoughts, feelings and actions and make prediction…
Typical defining member of the category
Primary effect
Information we receive first is more influential... First impres…
Regency effect
Information we receive most recently is more influential... Late…
79 terms
Social Psychology (Ex. 3)
social psychology
stereotype
attribution theory
fundamental attribution error
study of how people think about, influence, and relate to oth…
generalization about a group's characteristics that does not…
view that people are motivated to discover the underlying cau…
observers' overestimation of the importance of internal trait…
social psychology
study of how people think about, influence, and relate to oth…
stereotype
generalization about a group's characteristics that does not…
15 terms
Social Psychology Ch. 3
social cognition
automatic thinking
schemas
accessibility
how people think about themselves and the social world;... more…
thinking that is nonconscious, unintentional, involuntary, an…
mental structures people use to organize their knowledge abou…
the extent to which schemas and concepts are at the forefront…
social cognition
how people think about themselves and the social world;... more…
automatic thinking
thinking that is nonconscious, unintentional, involuntary, an…
48 terms
Unit 3: Social Psychology
Prejudice
false consensus effect
Stereotype
Discrimination
An unjustifiable and usually negative attitude toward a group…
the tendency to overestimate the extent to which others share…
A generalized (sometimes accurate but often overgeneralized)…
Unjustifiable negative behavior towards a group and its members
Prejudice
An unjustifiable and usually negative attitude toward a group…
false consensus effect
the tendency to overestimate the extent to which others share…
19 terms
Social Psychology Section 3
Power of situation
Catharsis
Altruism
Arousal cost-reward theory
According to Philip Zimbardo, during the Stanford Prison Stud…
According to Sigmund Freud, the releasing of instinctual aggr…
The genuine concern for other people and their well-being Alt…
Contemplating overall effort and options before deciding whet…
Power of situation
According to Philip Zimbardo, during the Stanford Prison Stud…
Catharsis
According to Sigmund Freud, the releasing of instinctual aggr…
51 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 14 - Social Psychology #3
Social Psychology
Attribution Theory
Fundamental Attribution Error
Attitude
the scientific study of how we think about, influence, and re…
the theory that we explain someone's behavior by crediting ei…
the tendency for observers, when analyzing another's behavior…
feelings, often influenced by our beliefs, that predispose us…
Social Psychology
the scientific study of how we think about, influence, and re…
Attribution Theory
the theory that we explain someone's behavior by crediting ei…
65 terms
Social Psychology: Exam #3
Continuum of Social Influence
Yielding to Influence
Resisting Influence
Conformity
Yielding to Influence <--> Resisting Influence
Obedience... Compliance... Conformity
Defiance... Assertiveness ... Independence
The tendency to change our perceptions, opinions, or behavior…
Continuum of Social Influence
Yielding to Influence <--> Resisting Influence
Yielding to Influence
Obedience... Compliance... Conformity
12 terms
Social Psychology
bystander effect
Asch conformity study
conformity
Stanley Milgram's experiment
the tendency for people not to offer help to victims when oth…
Observed a 35% complete conformity rate; 75% conformed at lea…
tendency for people to adopt the behavior and opinions presen…
research the idea of obedience to authority; 2/3 of participa…
bystander effect
the tendency for people not to offer help to victims when oth…
Asch conformity study
Observed a 35% complete conformity rate; 75% conformed at lea…
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