Study sets matching "sp chapter 3"

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Study sets matching "sp chapter 3"

Social Psychology: Chapter 3
Social cognition
self-fulfilling prophecy
dispositional inference
correspondence bias (fundamental attri…
the process of thinking about and making sense of oneself and…
when an initially inaccurate expectation leads to actions tha…
the judgement that a person's behavior has been caused by an…
the tendency for observers to overestimate the causal influen…
Social cognition
the process of thinking about and making sense of oneself and…
self-fulfilling prophecy
when an initially inaccurate expectation leads to actions tha…
21 terms
Social Psychology Chapter 3
priming
embodied cognition
belief perseverance
misinformation effect
the activation, often unconsciously, of particular associatio…
In psychological science, the influence of bodily sensations,…
clinging to one's initial conceptions after the basis on whic…
A tendency to misremember an event, particularly when mislead…
priming
the activation, often unconsciously, of particular associatio…
embodied cognition
In psychological science, the influence of bodily sensations,…
Social Psychology [Chapter 3]
Social Cognition
Schemas
Karsakov's Syndrome
Accessibility
"social thinking"; how people think about themselves and the…
mental structures that we have in our minds that people use t…
neurological disorder characterized by the inability to form…
the extent to which schemas and concepts are at the forefront…
Social Cognition
"social thinking"; how people think about themselves and the…
Schemas
mental structures that we have in our minds that people use t…
Social Psychology Chapter 3
social cognition
expectation
self fulfilling prophecy
dispositional inference
the process through which people think about and make sense o…
a belief that something will happen with the people and envir…
when an initially inaccurate expectation leads to actions tha…
the judgement that a person's behavior has been caused by an…
social cognition
the process through which people think about and make sense o…
expectation
a belief that something will happen with the people and envir…
23 terms
Social Psychology Chapter 3
Automatic Thinking
Stroop effect
Schemas
Accessibility
unconscious, unintentional, involuntary and effortless thinking
color test
mental representation of capturing the general characteristic…
the ease with which schemas can be brought to mind
Automatic Thinking
unconscious, unintentional, involuntary and effortless thinking
Stroop effect
color test
20 terms
Social Psychology Chapter 3
Social perception
Paul Ekman (1994)
Universal emotions
Microexpressions
Trying to know and understand other people's traits, motives,…
Evidence for universality of at least six basic facial expres…
Happiness, sadness, fear, surprise, anger and disgust... -Found…
Fleeting facial expressions that indicate true feelings and r…
Social perception
Trying to know and understand other people's traits, motives,…
Paul Ekman (1994)
Evidence for universality of at least six basic facial expres…
Social Psychology Chapter 3
Thinking that is non-conscious, uninte…
Pause and think about the right course…
Basing a judgement on the ease with wh…
Classifying something according to how…
Automatic thinking
Controlled thinking
Availabilit Heuristic
Representative Heuristic
Thinking that is non-conscious, uninte…
Automatic thinking
Pause and think about the right course…
Controlled thinking
15 terms
Social Psychology Chapter 3
Social Cognition
Automatic Thinking
Schemas
Accessibility
(pg. 48) How people think about themselves and the social wor…
(pg. 48) Thinking that is nonconscious, unintentional, involu…
(pg. 49) Mental structures people use to organize their knowl…
(pg. 51) The extent to which schemas and concepts are at the…
Social Cognition
(pg. 48) How people think about themselves and the social wor…
Automatic Thinking
(pg. 48) Thinking that is nonconscious, unintentional, involu…
Social Psychology Chapter 3
Social Perception
Nonverbal Communication
Attribution
Impression Formation
The process through which we seek to know and understand othe…
Communication between individuals that does not involve the c…
The process through which we seek to identify the causes of o…
The process through which we form impressions of others.
Social Perception
The process through which we seek to know and understand othe…
Nonverbal Communication
Communication between individuals that does not involve the c…
14 terms
Social Psychology: chapter 3 (Socialization)
Socialization
Agents of Socialization
Primary Socialization
Secondary Socialization
The ways in which individuals learn and recreate skills, know…
- family ... - religion ... - peers... - mass media ... - school/ educati…
ex: family setting
Process where we are learning appropriate behaviour and value…
Socialization
The ways in which individuals learn and recreate skills, know…
Agents of Socialization
- family ... - religion ... - peers... - mass media ... - school/ educati…
Social Psychology - Chapter 3
Self-Schema
Reflected Self-Appraisal
Working self-concept
Social comparison theory
A cognitive structure, derived from past experience, that rep…
A belief about what others think of one's self
A subset of self-knowledge that is brought to mind in a parti…
The hypothesis that people compare themselves to other people…
Self-Schema
A cognitive structure, derived from past experience, that rep…
Reflected Self-Appraisal
A belief about what others think of one's self
22 terms
Aronson Social Psychology Chapter 3 Social Cognition
Social cognition
Automatic thinking
Schemas
Accessibility
Social Thinker... how people think about themselves and the soci…
thinking that is non-conscious, unintentional, involuntary, a…
mental structures people use to organise their knowledge abou…
the extent to which schemas and concepts are at the forefront…
Social cognition
Social Thinker... how people think about themselves and the soci…
Automatic thinking
thinking that is non-conscious, unintentional, involuntary, a…
18 terms
Social Psychology Chapter 3
Actor-observer difference
Anchoring and adjustment heuristic
Augmenting principle
Availability heuristic
The tendency for individuals to judge their own behaviors as…
A mental shortcut through which people begin with a rough est…
The judgmental rule that states that if an event occurs despi…
A mental shortcut through which one estimates the likelihood…
Actor-observer difference
The tendency for individuals to judge their own behaviors as…
Anchoring and adjustment heuristic
A mental shortcut through which people begin with a rough est…
20 terms
Social Psychology Chapter3
Social Perception
Nonverbal Communication
4 Basic Channels of Nonverbal Communic…
Facial Feedback Hypothesis
Processing social information in an attempt to understand oth…
Communication between individuals relying on unspoken language
Facial expressions, eye contact, bodily movements, touching
There's a close link between the facial expressions we show a…
Social Perception
Processing social information in an attempt to understand oth…
Nonverbal Communication
Communication between individuals relying on unspoken language
17 terms
Chapter 3 social psychology
anchoring and adjustment heuristic pg 83
attribution theories pg 96
augmenting principle pg 97
availability heuristic pg 82
mental shortcut through which people begin with a rough estim…
theories designed to explain how people determine the causes…
if an event occurs despite powerful opposing forces we can vi…
a mental shortcut people use to estimate the likelihood of an…
anchoring and adjustment heuristic pg 83
mental shortcut through which people begin with a rough estim…
attribution theories pg 96
theories designed to explain how people determine the causes…
24 terms
Social Psychology Chapter 3
social cognition
automatic thinking
schemas
accessibility
How people think about themselves and the social world; more…
Thinking that is nonconscious, unintentional, involuntary, an…
Mental structures people use to organize their knowledge abou…
The extent to which schemas and concepts are at the forefront…
social cognition
How people think about themselves and the social world; more…
automatic thinking
Thinking that is nonconscious, unintentional, involuntary, an…
8 terms
Social Psychology 2e Chapter 3
Evolutionary theory
Gender
Gender roles
Gender stereotype
The theory that... characteristics of organisms that help them... s…
Differences between men and... women that are based in culture o…
Cultural or group-based... norms for appropriate behaviors and... a…
A set of beliefs about... what individuals of a certain gender a…
Evolutionary theory
The theory that... characteristics of organisms that help them... s…
Gender
Differences between men and... women that are based in culture o…
16 terms
Social Psychology Chapter 3
Social Cognition
Automatic Thinking
Schemas
Accessibility
How people think about themselves and the social world, or mo…
Thinking that is non-conscious, unintentional, involuntary, a…
Mental structures people use to organize their knowledge abou…
The extent to which schemas and concepts are at the forefront…
Social Cognition
How people think about themselves and the social world, or mo…
Automatic Thinking
Thinking that is non-conscious, unintentional, involuntary, a…
21 terms
Social Psychology Chapter 3
HPA Axis
Amygdala
Anxiety
Arousal
A physiological response to stress involving interactions amo…
The region in the limbic system that is primarily responsible…
A physiological disorder that may be accompanied by a number…
The changes in bodily sensations caused by the activation of…
HPA Axis
A physiological response to stress involving interactions amo…
Amygdala
The region in the limbic system that is primarily responsible…
Social Psychology Chapter 3
social cognition
automatic thinking
schemas
accessibility
how people think about themselves and the social world; more…
thinking that is nonconscious, unintentional, involuntary, an…
mental structures people use to organize their knowledge abou…
the extent to which schemas and concepts are at the forefront…
social cognition
how people think about themselves and the social world; more…
automatic thinking
thinking that is nonconscious, unintentional, involuntary, an…
Social Psychology Chapter 3
Self-Schema
Reflected Self-Appraisals
Working Self-Concept
Social Comparison Theory
A cognitive structure, derived from past experience, that rep…
A belief about what others think of one's self
A subset of self-knowledge that is brought to mind in a parti…
The hypothesis that people compare themselves to other people…
Self-Schema
A cognitive structure, derived from past experience, that rep…
Reflected Self-Appraisals
A belief about what others think of one's self
Social Psychology Chapter 3
Automatic Thinking
Schema
Accessibility
Priming
Thinking that is nonconscious, unintentional, involuntary, an…
Mental structures people use to organize their knowledge abou…
The extent to which schemas and concepts are at the forefront…
The process by which recent experiences increase the accessib…
Automatic Thinking
Thinking that is nonconscious, unintentional, involuntary, an…
Schema
Mental structures people use to organize their knowledge abou…
33 terms
Social Psychology Chapter 3
Self Appraisal
Self Consistency
Self Enhancement
Individualism & Independent Self const…
The desire to obtain knowledge about our "true" selves
The desire to obtain information that confirms what we alread…
The desire to obtain favorable or flattering information abou…
Believe in Autonomy and personal distinctiveness.... When asked…
Self Appraisal
The desire to obtain knowledge about our "true" selves
Self Consistency
The desire to obtain information that confirms what we alread…
22 terms
Social Psychology Chapter 3: The Social Self
overjustification effect
self-monitoring
downward social comparison
self-presentation
The tendency for intrinsic motivation to diminish for activit…
The tendency to change behavior in response to the self-prese…
Defensive tendency to compare ourselves with others who are w…
Strategies people use to shape what others think of them.
overjustification effect
The tendency for intrinsic motivation to diminish for activit…
self-monitoring
The tendency to change behavior in response to the self-prese…
50 terms
Social Psychology- Chapter 3 - The Social Self
The Self
self concept
Gallup Experiment
3 Dimensions of the social self
the conscious reflection of one's own being or identity as an…
-starts at infancy... -kids acquire and organize info about them…
dot on forehead of 18 months they touch their own forehead in…
-self concept (cognitive aspect)... -self esteem (emotional aspe…
The Self
the conscious reflection of one's own being or identity as an…
self concept
-starts at infancy... -kids acquire and organize info about them…
28 terms
Social Psychology Chapter 3
individual self
relational self
collective self
reflective self-appraisals
beliefs about or unique personal traits, abilities, preferenc…
beliefs about our identities in specific relationships
beliefs about our identities as members of social groups to w…
beliefs about what others think of our social selves
individual self
beliefs about or unique personal traits, abilities, preferenc…
relational self
beliefs about our identities in specific relationships
Social Psychology chapter 3
System 1
System 2
Priming
Embodied cognition
Intuitive, automatic, unconscious, and fast way of thinking
Deliberate, controlled, conscious, slower way of thinking
Activating particular associations in memory
Mutual influence of bodily sensations on cognitive preference…
System 1
Intuitive, automatic, unconscious, and fast way of thinking
System 2
Deliberate, controlled, conscious, slower way of thinking
15 terms
Social Psychology Chapter 3
Accessibility
Analytic Thinking Style
Automatic Thinking
Availability Heuristic
The extent to which schemas and concepts are at the forefront…
A type of thinking in which people focus on the properties of…
Thinking that is non conscious, unintentional, involuntary, a…
A mental rule of thumb whereby people base a judgement on the…
Accessibility
The extent to which schemas and concepts are at the forefront…
Analytic Thinking Style
A type of thinking in which people focus on the properties of…
Social psychology chapter 3
Social cognition
automatic thinking
schemas
accessibility
How people think about themselves and the social world; more…
thinking that is nonconscious, unintentional, involuntary, an…
mental structures people use to organize their knowledge abou…
the extent to which schemas and concepts are at the forefront…
Social cognition
How people think about themselves and the social world; more…
automatic thinking
thinking that is nonconscious, unintentional, involuntary, an…
Social Psychology Chapter 3
Priming
Embodied Cognition
Belief Perseverance
Misinformation Effect
activating particular associations in memory
the mutual influence of bodily sensations on cognitive prefer…
persistence of one's initial conceptions, such as when the ba…
incorporating "misinformation" into one's memory of the event…
Priming
activating particular associations in memory
Embodied Cognition
the mutual influence of bodily sensations on cognitive prefer…
Social Psychology - Chapter 3
Self-Concept
Self-Schema
Affective Forecasting
Self-Perception Theory
The sum total of an individual's beliefs about his or her own…
A belief people hold about themselves that guide the processi…
The process of predicting how one would feel in response to f…
The theory that when internal cues are difficult to interpret…
Self-Concept
The sum total of an individual's beliefs about his or her own…
Self-Schema
A belief people hold about themselves that guide the processi…
Social Psychology chapter 3
Cognitive system
Experimental system
Dual process theories
Heuristics
A conscious, rational, and controlled system of thinking.
an unconscious, intuitive, and automatic system of thinking.
theories that are used to explain a wide range of phenomena a…
mental short cuts, or rules of thumb, that are used for makin…
Cognitive system
A conscious, rational, and controlled system of thinking.
Experimental system
an unconscious, intuitive, and automatic system of thinking.
13 terms
CHAPTER 3 SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY
social cognition
automatic thinking
schemas
stereotype
how people think about themselves and the social world; selec…
automatic analysis of our environment; non-conscious involunt…
mental structure used to organize knowledge around subjects,…
schema for sepcific group
social cognition
how people think about themselves and the social world; selec…
automatic thinking
automatic analysis of our environment; non-conscious involunt…
23 terms
Social Psychology- Chapter 3
priming
embodied cognition
belief perseverance
misinformation effect
activating particular associations in memory
the mutual influence of bodily sensations on cognitive prefer…
persistence of one's initial conceptions, such as when the ba…
incorporating "misinformation" into one's memory of the event…
priming
activating particular associations in memory
embodied cognition
the mutual influence of bodily sensations on cognitive prefer…
15 terms
Social Psychology Chapter 3
social cognition
automatic thinking
schemas
accessibilty
how people think about themselves and the social word; more s…
thinking that is non conscious, unintentional, involuntary an…
mental structures people use to organize their knowledge abou…
the extent to which schemas and concepts are at the forefront…
social cognition
how people think about themselves and the social word; more s…
automatic thinking
thinking that is non conscious, unintentional, involuntary an…
social psychology chapter 3
priming
preconceptions
death penalty
belief perseverance
activating certain associations in memory. social processing…
have the greatest impact on us when there are multiple interp…
experiment showed identical groups contradictory information…
the persistence of an internal belief even though it has been…
priming
activating certain associations in memory. social processing…
preconceptions
have the greatest impact on us when there are multiple interp…
16 terms
Social Psychology-Chapter 3
Social Cognition
Self-Fulfilling Prophecy
Dispositional Inference
Correspondence Bias
The process of thinking about and making sense of oneself and…
When an initially inaccurate expectation leads to actions tha…
The judgment that a person's behavior has been causes by an a…
(fundamental attribution error) The tendency for observers to…
Social Cognition
The process of thinking about and making sense of oneself and…
Self-Fulfilling Prophecy
When an initially inaccurate expectation leads to actions tha…
Social Psychology Chapter 3
Self-schemas
Reflected self-appraisals
Working self-concept
Individual Self
A cognitive structure, derived from past experience, that rep…
Our beliefs about what others think of us. ... Example: By seein…
A subset of self-knowledge that is brought to mind in a parti…
A person's beliefs about his or her unique personal traits, a…
Self-schemas
A cognitive structure, derived from past experience, that rep…
Reflected self-appraisals
Our beliefs about what others think of us. ... Example: By seein…
31 terms
Social Psychology Chapter 3
Cognitive Misers
Satisficers
Meaning Makers
Automatic Social Cognition
Misers are cheap; Cognitive misers have limited capacity of c…
We don't expand our cognitive resources enough to maximize ou…
Actively seek in the experiences in sensations and perception…
Non-conscious... Unintentional... Involuntary... Effortless... Fast
Cognitive Misers
Misers are cheap; Cognitive misers have limited capacity of c…
Satisficers
We don't expand our cognitive resources enough to maximize ou…
27 terms
Social Psychology Chapter 3
Priming
Embodied Cognition
Belief Perseverance
Misinformation Effect
Activating particular associations in memory.
The mutual influence of bodily cognitive preferences and soci…
Persistence of one's initial conceptions, such as when the ba…
Incorporating wrong information into one's memory of the even…
Priming
Activating particular associations in memory.
Embodied Cognition
The mutual influence of bodily cognitive preferences and soci…
23 terms
Social Psychology Chapter 3
Priming
Embodied cognition
Belief perseverance
Misinformation effect
Activating particular associations in memory
The mutual influence of bodily sensations on cognitive prefer…
Persistence of one's initial conceptions, such as when the ba…
Incorporating "misinformation" into one's memory of the even,…
Priming
Activating particular associations in memory
Embodied cognition
The mutual influence of bodily sensations on cognitive prefer…
Social Psychology Chapter 3
Priming
preconception
Belief Perseverance
Fundamental Attribution Error
Watching a scary movie at home may prime us to interpret furn…
any opinion or attitude about everything especially politics
Persistence of one's initial conceptions, as when the basis f…
Tendency for observers to underestimate situational influence…
Priming
Watching a scary movie at home may prime us to interpret furn…
preconception
any opinion or attitude about everything especially politics
Social Psychology Chapter 3
self-concept (ABCs)
automatic thinking
schemas
self-schema
the sum total of an individual's beliefs about his or her own…
unconscious, unintentional, involuntary thought; we think thi…
mental organizational structures that accounts for what we no…
a belief people hold about themselves that guides the process…
self-concept (ABCs)
the sum total of an individual's beliefs about his or her own…
automatic thinking
unconscious, unintentional, involuntary thought; we think thi…
23 terms
Social Psychology: Chapter 3
priming
embodied cognition
belief preserverance
misinformation effect
Activating particular association in memory.
The mutual influence of bodily sensations on cognitive prefer…
Persistence of one's initial conceptions, such as when the ba…
Incorporating "misinformation" into one's memory of the event…
priming
Activating particular association in memory.
embodied cognition
The mutual influence of bodily sensations on cognitive prefer…
15 terms
Social Psychology Chapter 3
priming
belief perseverance
constructing memories... >constructivist…
Relationship between mood, memory, jud…
activating specific associations in memory either consciously…
cling to past or current beliefs and fight against alternate…
1. memories change as we do... 2. misinformation effect: receive…
Current mood affects judgment by triggering and affecting per…
priming
activating specific associations in memory either consciously…
belief perseverance
cling to past or current beliefs and fight against alternate…
42 terms
Social Psychology Chapter 3
Priming
Belief perseverance
Misinformation effect
Controlled processing
Activating particular associations in memory.
Persistence of one's initial conceptions, as when the basis f…
incorporating "misinformation" into one's memory of the event…
"Explicit" thinking that is deliberate reflective, and consci…
Priming
Activating particular associations in memory.
Belief perseverance
Persistence of one's initial conceptions, as when the basis f…
8 terms
Introduction to Social Psychology Chapter 3
Attribution
Explanatory self
External attribution
Fundamental attribution error
An explanation of the behavior of others or the self.
The way a person explains events. Explanations include whethe…
Attributing of an action that involves something external to…
Attributing behavior to dispositional factors when there are…
Attribution
An explanation of the behavior of others or the self.
Explanatory self
The way a person explains events. Explanations include whethe…
21 terms
Social Psychology: Chapter 3
Priming
Embodied Cognition
Belief Perseverance
Misinformation Effect
Activating particular associations in memory.
The mutual influence of bodily sensations on cognitive prefer…
Persistence of one's initial conceptions, such as when the ba…
Incorporating "misinformation" into one's memory of the event…
Priming
Activating particular associations in memory.
Embodied Cognition
The mutual influence of bodily sensations on cognitive prefer…
15 terms
Social Psychology chapter 3
Controlled Thinking
Counterfactual Thinking
Judgmental Heuristics
Social Cognition
Thinking that is conscious, intentional, voluntary, and effor…
Mentally changing some aspect of the past as a way of imagini…
Mental shortcuts people use to make judgments quickly and eff…
How people think about themselves and the social world; more…
Controlled Thinking
Thinking that is conscious, intentional, voluntary, and effor…
Counterfactual Thinking
Mentally changing some aspect of the past as a way of imagini…
29 terms
Social Psychology Chapter 3
Self-Concept... • General points... • Defi…
self schema
Can nonhuman animals show self-recogni…
What other factors develop self-concept?
definition- the sum total beliefs that people have about them…
beliefs about oneself that guide the processing of self-relev…
The ability to see yourself as a distinct entity in the world…
social factors... the self is relational- we draw our sense of w…
Self-Concept... • General points... • Defi…
definition- the sum total beliefs that people have about them…
self schema
beliefs about oneself that guide the processing of self-relev…
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