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Study sets matching "sp i chapter 6"

40 terms
Chapter 6 Social Psychology
Even though you hate wearing one, you…
When William McGuire and his Yale Univ…
Although he made a promise to himself…
In a follow-up series of experiments a…
compliance
distinctive attributes
normative influence
a majority of participants still fully obeyed the experimente…
Even though you hate wearing one, you…
compliance
When William McGuire and his Yale Univ…
distinctive attributes
20 terms
Social Psychology: Chapter 6
Social Influence
conformity
compliance
obedience
a change in overt behavior caused by real or imagined pressur…
behavior change designed to match the actions of others
behavior change that occurs as a result of a direct request
compliance that occurs in response to a directive from an aut…
Social Influence
a change in overt behavior caused by real or imagined pressur…
conformity
behavior change designed to match the actions of others
12 terms
Social Psychology Chapter 6
cognitive dissonance
self-affirmation
impact bias
postdecision dissonance
A drive or feeling of discomfort, originally defined as being…
In the context of dissonance theory, a way of reducing disson…
The tendency to overestimate the intensity and duration of on…
Dissonance aroused after making a decision, typically reduced…
cognitive dissonance
A drive or feeling of discomfort, originally defined as being…
self-affirmation
In the context of dissonance theory, a way of reducing disson…
Chapter 6- Social Psychology
Cognitive Dissonance
Reducing Dissonance
Self-Affirmation
Impact Bias
The discomfort caused when two cognitions (beliefs, attitudes…
1. Changing our Behavior ... 2. Justifying Behavior... 3. Adding ne…
A way of reducing dissonance where one focuses on one or more…
Overestimating the intensity and duration of their negative e…
Cognitive Dissonance
The discomfort caused when two cognitions (beliefs, attitudes…
Reducing Dissonance
1. Changing our Behavior ... 2. Justifying Behavior... 3. Adding ne…
26 terms
Social Psychology Chapter 6
Agency
Historical and social context
Linked lives
Timing
An aspect of life-course sociology referring to our ability t…
An aspect of life-course sociology referring to how historic…
An aspect of life-course sociology referring to our relations…
An aspect of life-course sociology referring to the incidence…
Agency
An aspect of life-course sociology referring to our ability t…
Historical and social context
An aspect of life-course sociology referring to how historic…
33 terms
myers social psychology chapter 6
Compliance
Obedience
Conformity
Acceptance
Conformity that involves publicly acting in accord with an im…
Acting in accord with a direct order or command
A change in behavior or belief as the result of real or imagi…
Acting and believing in accord with social pressure
Compliance
Conformity that involves publicly acting in accord with an im…
Obedience
Acting in accord with a direct order or command
11 terms
Social Psychology Chapter 6
Cognitive Dissonance
Impact Bias
Postdecision Dissonance
Lowballing
A drive or feeling of discomfort, originally defined as being…
The tendency to overestimate the intensity and duration of ou…
Dissonance aroused after making a decision, typically reduced…
An unscrupulous strategy whereby a salesperson induces a cust…
Cognitive Dissonance
A drive or feeling of discomfort, originally defined as being…
Impact Bias
The tendency to overestimate the intensity and duration of ou…
22 terms
Social psychology: chapter 6
weak
norms
respond publicly; write down their res…
unanimity
According to the text, personality predicts behavior when soc…
Standards established by society to tell its members what typ…
In experiments, people have been found to conform more when t…
According to conformity research, a group's social power is d…
weak
According to the text, personality predicts behavior when soc…
norms
Standards established by society to tell its members what typ…
37 terms
Social Psychology Chapter 6
Attitude
An Affective Component
A Cognitive Component
A Behavioural Component
an evaluation of a person, object, or idea. (ex. Order of the…
(of attitude) consisting of emotional reactions towards the a…
(of attitude) consisting of thoughts and beliefs about the at…
(of attitude) consisting of actions or observable behaviour t…
Attitude
an evaluation of a person, object, or idea. (ex. Order of the…
An Affective Component
(of attitude) consisting of emotional reactions towards the a…
20 terms
Social Psychology Chapter 6
Actor-Observer Difference
Attribution style
Causal Attribution
Central Traits
The tendency to make more personal attributions for the behav…
The type of attributions that people tend to make for the eve…
The process of trying to determine the causes of other people…
The traits of warm and cold, which have a very strong influen…
Actor-Observer Difference
The tendency to make more personal attributions for the behav…
Attribution style
The type of attributions that people tend to make for the eve…
10 terms
Introduction to Social Psychology Chapter 6
Contact hypothesis
Discrimination
Ingroup
Ingroup favoritism
The idea that contact between groups will lessen conflict.
Negative behavior toward individuals or groups based on belie…
The group to which one belongs.
The tendency to show preferential treatment toward members of…
Contact hypothesis
The idea that contact between groups will lessen conflict.
Discrimination
Negative behavior toward individuals or groups based on belie…
11 terms
Social Psychology: Chapter 6
Sherif's studies of norm formation
conformity
autokinetic phenomenon
Asch's studies of group pressure
using the autokinetic phenomenon, people reported distances t…
acting in different ways around others than you would if you…
phenomenon of visual perception in which a stationary, small…
Asch's line judgement task
Sherif's studies of norm formation
using the autokinetic phenomenon, people reported distances t…
conformity
acting in different ways around others than you would if you…
18 terms
Social Psychology - Chapter 6
Attitude
Most common way to measure attitude:
Implicit measures:
Implicit attitude
A positive, negative, or mixed reaction to a person, object,…
Self-report: Straight forward single questions we ask ourselv…
A convert measure of unconscious attitudes derived from the s…
An attitude, such as prejudice, that one is not aware of havi…
Attitude
A positive, negative, or mixed reaction to a person, object,…
Most common way to measure attitude:
Self-report: Straight forward single questions we ask ourselv…
15 terms
Social Psychology Chapter 6
Cognitive Dissonance
Methods of reducing cognitive dissonance
self-affirmation
Impact bias
A drive or feeling of discomfort, originally defined as being…
by changing our behavior to bring it in line with our dissona…
In the context of dissonance theory, a way of reducing disson…
The tendency to overestimate the intensity and duration of on…
Cognitive Dissonance
A drive or feeling of discomfort, originally defined as being…
Methods of reducing cognitive dissonance
by changing our behavior to bring it in line with our dissona…
115 terms
Chapter 6 Social Psychology
"A change in overt behavior caused by…
Peter doesn't like pizza, but he went…
Telling yourself, "I should wear what…
Obedience is
D) social influence.
B) social influence
A) conformity.
C) a behavior change that occurs as a result of a directive f…
"A change in overt behavior caused by…
D) social influence.
Peter doesn't like pizza, but he went…
B) social influence
14 terms
Social Psychology Chapter 6
Attitude
Attitude Scale
Bogus Pipeline
Facial Electromyograph (EMG)
A positive, negative, or mixed reaction to a person, object,…
A multiple-item questionnaire designed to measure a person's…
A phony lie-detector device that is sometimes used to get res…
An electronic instrument that records facial muscle activity…
Attitude
A positive, negative, or mixed reaction to a person, object,…
Attitude Scale
A multiple-item questionnaire designed to measure a person's…
13 terms
Social Psychology Chapter 6
emotion
appraisal processes
emotional accents
focal emotions
brief, specific psychological and physiological responses tha…
A component of emotion; patterns of construal for evaluating…
specific ways that individuals from different cultures expres…
emotions that are especially common within a particular culture
emotion
brief, specific psychological and physiological responses tha…
appraisal processes
A component of emotion; patterns of construal for evaluating…
21 terms
Social Psychology Chapter 6
attitude
attitude scale
bogus pipeline
facial electromyograph
a positive, negative, or mixed reaction to a person, object,…
a multiple-item questionnaire designed to measure a person's…
a phony lie-decetor device that is sometimes use to get corre…
an electronic instrument that records facial muscle activity…
attitude
a positive, negative, or mixed reaction to a person, object,…
attitude scale
a multiple-item questionnaire designed to measure a person's…
26 terms
Chapter 6 Social Psychology
Interpersonal Processes
Psychological Science
Social Psychology
Fundamental Attribution Error
1. Psychological Science... 2. Social Psychology... 3. Fundamental…
study of mind, brain and behavior
scientific study of how individuals think, feel and behave in…
tendency to attribute causes more personal trades rather than…
Interpersonal Processes
1. Psychological Science... 2. Social Psychology... 3. Fundamental…
Psychological Science
study of mind, brain and behavior
30 terms
Social Psychology Chapter 6
ambivalent sexism
authoritarian personality
aversive racism
contact hypothesis
sexism directed against women based on both positive and nega…
a personality type characterized by submissiveness to authori…
attitudes toward members of a racial group that incorporate b…
the theory that under certain conditions, direct contact betw…
ambivalent sexism
sexism directed against women based on both positive and nega…
authoritarian personality
a personality type characterized by submissiveness to authori…
21 terms
social psychology chapter 6
Accessibility
Ambivalence
Attitudes
Chronic accessibility
the degree to which a concept is active in our consciousness.
simultaneously experiencing strong contradictory emotions or…
having an evaluative component toward a stimulus that is made…
accessibility arising from frequent and recent exposure to a…
Accessibility
the degree to which a concept is active in our consciousness.
Ambivalence
simultaneously experiencing strong contradictory emotions or…
39 terms
Chapter 6- Social Psychology
altruism
assess the costs to intervene
attractiveness "rubs off"
bystander intervention effect
prosocial behavior motivated primarily by a desire to benefit…
includes potential harm to themselves as well as what benefit…
being with individuals who are a little bit more attractive t…
states that as group size increases, assistance in an emergen…
altruism
prosocial behavior motivated primarily by a desire to benefit…
assess the costs to intervene
includes potential harm to themselves as well as what benefit…
9 terms
Social Psychology Chapter 6
Conformity
Compliance
Obedience
Acceptance
a change in behavior or belief as the result of real or imagi…
conformity that involves publicly acting in accord with an im…
acting in Accord with a direct order or command
conformity that involves both acting and believing in accord…
Conformity
a change in behavior or belief as the result of real or imagi…
Compliance
conformity that involves publicly acting in accord with an im…
51 terms
Social Psychology Chapter 6
Emotions
1) Emotions are brief.
Moods & Emotional Disorders
2) Emotions are specific.
Emotions: brief, specific psychological and physiological res…
1) They last for seconds or minutes; not hours or days. Facia…
Moods: can last for hours or days (i.e., feeling blue or irri…
2) Our emotions are in response to specific people or events.…
Emotions
Emotions: brief, specific psychological and physiological res…
1) Emotions are brief.
1) They last for seconds or minutes; not hours or days. Facia…
19 terms
Social Psychology Chapter 6
Attitude
Attitude Scale
Bogus Pipeline
Facial Electromyograph (EMG)
A positive, negative, or mixed reaction to a person, object,…
Multiple-item questionnaire designed to measure a person's at…
Phony lie-detector device that is sometimes used to get respo…
Electronic instrument that records facial muscle activity ass…
Attitude
A positive, negative, or mixed reaction to a person, object,…
Attitude Scale
Multiple-item questionnaire designed to measure a person's at…
12 terms
Social Psychology Chapter 6
Cognitive Dissonance
Counter-attitudinal Advocacy
External Justification
Hypocrisy induction
A drive or feeling of discomfort, originally defined as being…
Stating an opinion or attitude that runs counter to one's pri…
A reason for dissonant personal behavior that resides outside…
The arousal of dissonance by having individuals make statemen…
Cognitive Dissonance
A drive or feeling of discomfort, originally defined as being…
Counter-attitudinal Advocacy
Stating an opinion or attitude that runs counter to one's pri…
15 terms
Social Psychology Chapter 6.
Cognitive Dissonance
Self-Affirmation
Impact Bias
Postdecision Dissonance
A drive or feeling of discomfort, originally defined as being…
In the context of dissonance theory, a way of reducing disson…
The tendency to overestimate the intensity and duration of on…
Dissonance aroused after making a decision, typically reduces…
Cognitive Dissonance
A drive or feeling of discomfort, originally defined as being…
Self-Affirmation
In the context of dissonance theory, a way of reducing disson…
22 terms
Social psychology: chapter 6
weak
norms
respond publicly; write down their res…
unanimity
According to the text, personality predicts behavior when soc…
Standards established by society to tell its members what typ…
In experiments, people have been found to conform more when t…
According to conformity research, a group's social power is d…
weak
According to the text, personality predicts behavior when soc…
norms
Standards established by society to tell its members what typ…
28 terms
Social Psychology: Chapter 6
ingroup
outgroup
outgroup homogeneity effect
stereotypes
a group to which we belong and that forms a part of our socia…
any group with which we do not share membership
perception of outgroup members as being more similar to one a…
beliefs about the personalities, abilities, and motives of a…
ingroup
a group to which we belong and that forms a part of our socia…
outgroup
any group with which we do not share membership
Social Psychology Chapter 6
The theory of cognitive Dissonance
Impact Bias
Lowballing
External Justification
feeling of discomfort cause by performing an action that runs…
The tendency to overestimate the intensity and duration of ou…
an unscrupulous stately whereby a salesperson induce a custom…
a reason or an explanation for dissonant personal behavior th…
The theory of cognitive Dissonance
feeling of discomfort cause by performing an action that runs…
Impact Bias
The tendency to overestimate the intensity and duration of ou…
17 terms
Social Psychology Chapter 6
Conformity
Compliance
Obedience
Acceptance
A change in your beliefs or behaviors in order to match the b…
Outward conformity even when you do not agree with the behavi…
Acting in accord with a direct order or command. I think a pe…
Inward conformity because we agree with others in our social…
Conformity
A change in your beliefs or behaviors in order to match the b…
Compliance
Outward conformity even when you do not agree with the behavi…
14 terms
Social Psychology Chapter 6
cognitive dissonance
three ways to reduce dissonance
self affirmation
impact bias
the feeling of discomfort caused by performing an action that…
change your behavior... change your cognition... add a new cognition
a way of reducing dissonance by reminding one self of one or…
the tendency to overestimate the intensity and duration of on…
cognitive dissonance
the feeling of discomfort caused by performing an action that…
three ways to reduce dissonance
change your behavior... change your cognition... add a new cognition
9 terms
Social Psychology- Chapter 6
conformity
compliance
obedience
acceptance
a change in behavior or belief as the result of real or imagi…
conformity that involves publicly acting in accord with an im…
acting in accord with a direct order or command
conformity that involves both acting and believing in accord…
conformity
a change in behavior or belief as the result of real or imagi…
compliance
conformity that involves publicly acting in accord with an im…
22 terms
Social Psychology Chapter 6
Emotion
Mood
Affect
Conscious Emotion
A conscious evaluative reaction to some event
A feeling state that is not clearly linked to some event
The automative response that someting is good or bad
A powerful and clearly unified feeling state, such as anger o…
Emotion
A conscious evaluative reaction to some event
Mood
A feeling state that is not clearly linked to some event
12 terms
Social Psychology Chapter 6
Insufficient Punishment
External Justification
Self-Persuasion
Impact Bias
The dissonance aroused when individuals lack sufficient exter…
A reason or an explanation for dissonant personal behavior th…
A long-lasting form of attitude change that results from atte…
The tendency to overestimate the intensity and duration of on…
Insufficient Punishment
The dissonance aroused when individuals lack sufficient exter…
External Justification
A reason or an explanation for dissonant personal behavior th…
19 terms
Social psychology chapter 6
Social influence
Conformity
Compliance
Obedience
A change in overt behavikr caused by real ot imagined pressur…
Behavior change designed to match the actions of others
Behavior change that occurs as a result of a direct request
Compliance that occurs in response to a directive from an aut…
Social influence
A change in overt behavikr caused by real ot imagined pressur…
Conformity
Behavior change designed to match the actions of others
9 terms
Social Psychology: Chapter 6
Conformity
Compliance
Obedience
Acceptance
A change in bahaviour or belief as the result of real or imag…
Conformity that involves publicly acting in accord with an im…
Acting in accord with a direct order or command.
Conformity that involves both acting and believing in accord…
Conformity
A change in bahaviour or belief as the result of real or imag…
Compliance
Conformity that involves publicly acting in accord with an im…
21 terms
Social Psychology Chapter 6
emotions
emotion accent
core-relational themes
primary appraisal stage
brief, specific psychological and physiological responses tha…
A specific way people from different cultures express a parti…
distinct themes, such as danger or offense or fairness, that…
an initial, automatic positive or negative evaluation of ongo…
emotions
brief, specific psychological and physiological responses tha…
emotion accent
A specific way people from different cultures express a parti…
35 terms
Social Psychology Chapter 6
stereotypes
gender stereotypes
Vivid cases
How stereotypes form:
generalizations about the "typical" characteristics or traits…
behaviors and traits that are considered masculine or feminine
These are more easily remembered and can feed stereotypes (ex…
Social categorization and social learning
stereotypes
generalizations about the "typical" characteristics or traits…
gender stereotypes
behaviors and traits that are considered masculine or feminine
12 terms
Social Psychology Chapter 6
cognitive dissonance
self affirmation
impact bias
post decision dissonance
a drive or feeling of discomfort, originally defined as being…
in the context of dissonance theory, a way of reducing disson…
the tendency to overestimate the intensity and duration of on…
dissonance aroused after making a decision, typically reduced…
cognitive dissonance
a drive or feeling of discomfort, originally defined as being…
self affirmation
in the context of dissonance theory, a way of reducing disson…
13 terms
Social Psychology Chapter 6
cognitive dissonance
How to reduce dissonance (3)
self-affirmation
impact bias
the discomfort people feel when 2 cognitions conflict
1. chance behavior ... 2. justify the behavior by changing disso…
a way of reducing dissonance by reminding yourself of your go…
the tendency to overestimate the intensity and duration of on…
cognitive dissonance
the discomfort people feel when 2 cognitions conflict
How to reduce dissonance (3)
1. chance behavior ... 2. justify the behavior by changing disso…
11 terms
Social Psychology Chapter 6
Conformity
Three types of conformity
Compliance
Obedience
Change in behavior or belief as the result of real or imagine…
Compliance (outward conformity)... Obedience... Acceptance (inward…
Outward Conformity... acting publicly in accord with an implied…
acting in according with a direct order or command
Conformity
Change in behavior or belief as the result of real or imagine…
Three types of conformity
Compliance (outward conformity)... Obedience... Acceptance (inward…
17 terms
psychology - chapter 6 (social psychology)
social psychology
attributions
internal attribution
external attribution
the study of how people think about, influence, and relate to…
ideas about why people behave the way they do
causes internal to the person (personality traits, intelligen…
causes external to the person (social pressures, economics, t…
social psychology
the study of how people think about, influence, and relate to…
attributions
ideas about why people behave the way they do
52 terms
Chapter 6: Social Psychology
Social Psychology
Social Cognition
Schema
Schemas help us make quick judgments a…
Interested in how a person influences and is influenced by th…
How people make sense of their social world and their place w…
A mental representation of any "thing" (e.g., any person, any…
...
Social Psychology
Interested in how a person influences and is influenced by th…
Social Cognition
How people make sense of their social world and their place w…
14 terms
Social Psychology, Chapter 6
emotions
appraisal processes
core relational themes
primary appraisal stage
brief, specific psychological and physiological responses tha…
ways people evaluate events and objects in their environment…
distinct themes, such as danger or offense or fairness, that…
initial, automatic positive or negative evaluation of ongoing…
emotions
brief, specific psychological and physiological responses tha…
appraisal processes
ways people evaluate events and objects in their environment…
25 terms
Social Psychology of Leisure: Chapter 6
Motive
Drives
Need
Expectations
Something that impels people to action and gives direction to…
Biologically-based physiological, survival needs.
Both psychological and socially learned motives.
Motivational force underlying leisure behaviour.... - Assumptio…
Motive
Something that impels people to action and gives direction to…
Drives
Biologically-based physiological, survival needs.
11 terms
Social Psychology, Chapter 6
Cognitive Dissonance
Self-Affirmation Theory
Impact Bias
Postdecision Dissonance
a drive or feeling of discomfort, originally defined as being…
the idea that people will reduce the impact of a dissonacne-a…
the tendency to overestimate the intensity and duration of ou…
dissonance aroused after making a decision, typically reduced…
Cognitive Dissonance
a drive or feeling of discomfort, originally defined as being…
Self-Affirmation Theory
the idea that people will reduce the impact of a dissonacne-a…
9 terms
Social Psychology Chapter 6
conformity
compliance
obedience
acceptance
a change in behavior or belief as the result of real or imagi…
conformity that involves publicly acting in accord with an im…
acting in accord with a direct order or command
conformity that involves both acting and believing in accord…
conformity
a change in behavior or belief as the result of real or imagi…
compliance
conformity that involves publicly acting in accord with an im…
31 terms
Social Psychology Chapter 6
cognitive dissonance theory
free choice paradigm
induced compliance paradigm
induced hypocrisy paradigm
the idea that people have such distaste for perceiving incons…
a laboratory situation in which people make a choice between…
a laboratory situation in which participants are induced to e…
a laboratory situation in which participants are asked to adv…
cognitive dissonance theory
the idea that people have such distaste for perceiving incons…
free choice paradigm
a laboratory situation in which people make a choice between…
9 terms
Social Psychology: Chapter 6
Conformity
Compliance
Obedience
Acceptance
A change in behavior or belief as the result of real or imagi…
Conformity that involves publicity acting in accord with an i…
Acting in accord with a direct order or command
Conformity that involves both acting and believing in accord…
Conformity
A change in behavior or belief as the result of real or imagi…
Compliance
Conformity that involves publicity acting in accord with an i…
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