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Study sets matching "sp stem changing"

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Study sets matching "sp stem changing"

9 terms
Psychology and Social Change
b
b
b
a
Social change for a psychologist refers to the transformation…
B.F. Skinner... a. Psychoanalytic theory... b. Learning theory
John B. Watson... a. Psychoanalytic theory... b. Learning theory
Sigmund Freud... a. Psychoanalytic theory... b. Learning theory
b
Social change for a psychologist refers to the transformation…
b
B.F. Skinner... a. Psychoanalytic theory... b. Learning theory
8 terms
Social Psychology: Attitudes and change
Attitudes
Mere exposure effect
Elaboration likelihood model
Central route or persuasion
Learned predisposition to respond favorably and unfavorably t…
Increase liking for a person or another stimulus resulting fr…
Attitudinal change; central or peripheral route
Relatively stable change by carefully scrutinizing facts, sta…
Attitudes
Learned predisposition to respond favorably and unfavorably t…
Mere exposure effect
Increase liking for a person or another stimulus resulting fr…
18 terms
Psychological Theories (Social Change)
Discourse
Experimental Psychology
Clinical Psychology
Negative Reinforcement
Different groups of people tend to share expressions that are…
Deals with measuring and explaining human behaviour
The treatment of problem of human behaviours
If you do something that is not acceptable in society, societ…
Discourse
Different groups of people tend to share expressions that are…
Experimental Psychology
Deals with measuring and explaining human behaviour
11 terms
Social psychology: social influence - Understanding social change
Social change
Social change can either be positive:
Social change can also be negative:
What are the several ways social chang…
Occurs when society embraces new behaviours and beliefs and i…
e.g. the Suffragette movement gaining votes for women.
e.g. the acceptance of illegal interrogation methods by the m…
~The promotion of group status... ~Rebellious role models... ~Rever…
Social change
Occurs when society embraces new behaviours and beliefs and i…
Social change can either be positive:
e.g. the Suffragette movement gaining votes for women.
50 terms
Social Psychology: Attitude Formation and Change
Attitude
Attitude
Cognitive Dissonance
Cognitive Dissonance
A tendency, based on one's beliefs and experience, to react t…
A relatively enduring evaluative reaction to other individual…
Unpleasant feelings resulting from a lack of agreement betwee…
A state of psychological tension which occurs when new inform…
Attitude
A tendency, based on one's beliefs and experience, to react t…
Attitude
A relatively enduring evaluative reaction to other individual…
24 terms
Social Psychology: Attitude Change and Persuasion
associative
propositional
associative-propositional evaluation m…
semantic network
________ processes build the basis for implicit attitudes; __…
________ processes build the basis for explicit attitudes; ch…
the framework that represents attitudes according to the dist…
in order to change our implicit attitudes, we must change the…
associative
________ processes build the basis for implicit attitudes; __…
propositional
________ processes build the basis for explicit attitudes; ch…
13 terms
Social Psychology: Attitudes and Attitude Change
Attitudes
Cognitively Based Attitude
Affectively Based Attitude
Behaviorally Based Attitude
Evaluations of people, objects, and ideas
An attitude based primarily on people's beliefs about the pro…
An attitude based more on people's feelings and values than o…
An attitude based on observations of how one behaves toward a…
Attitudes
Evaluations of people, objects, and ideas
Cognitively Based Attitude
An attitude based primarily on people's beliefs about the pro…
56 terms
Community Psychology: social change and intervention
community psychology
community psychologist
social, systems, institutions
community, individuals, interventions
scientific study of community phenomena
applies scientific discoveries and interventions to community
Focus: ___ settings, ___ and ___ that influence groups and or…
Goal: to optimise well being of __ and ___ with ___ for bette…
community psychology
scientific study of community phenomena
community psychologist
applies scientific discoveries and interventions to community
18 terms
psychology- conformity, social influence, obedience & social change
psychology
conformity
obedience
locus of control
scientific study of the human mind and behaviour
change in a persons behaviour or opinion due to real or imagi…
following instructions of an authority figure who has greater…
the amount of control a person has over their behaviour
psychology
scientific study of the human mind and behaviour
conformity
change in a persons behaviour or opinion due to real or imagi…
15 terms
A-level Psychology Social Influence and Social Change
Social Influence
Social Change
Special Role of Minority Influence- St…
Special Role of Minority Influence- St…
- Process by which individuals and groups change each others…
- Occurs when whole societies, rather than just individuals,…
- E.g. looking at how minority influence creates social chang…
2.- Consistency- Many marches and many people taking part. Ev…
Social Influence
- Process by which individuals and groups change each others…
Social Change
- Occurs when whole societies, rather than just individuals,…
25 terms
Psychology-Social Psychology-The role of social influence processes in social change
Minority influence
Social change
What are the 5 conditions necessary fo…
Drawing attention to an issue
-people neglect the already established majority norm and mov…
-when a society adopts a new belief or way of behaving ... -this…
-drawing attention to an issue... -the role of conflict... -consist…
-a minority viewpoint that opposes the majority creates confl…
Minority influence
-people neglect the already established majority norm and mov…
Social change
-when a society adopts a new belief or way of behaving ... -this…
9 terms
Social Psychology: Chapter 6- Attitudes and attitude change
Attitude
Affectively Based Attitude
Cognitively Based Attitude
Behaviourally Based Attitude
An evaluation of a person, object or idea
An attitude based primary on people's emotion and feelings ab…
An attitude based primarily on a person's beliefs about the p…
An attitude based primarily on observations of how one behave…
Attitude
An evaluation of a person, object or idea
Affectively Based Attitude
An attitude based primary on people's emotion and feelings ab…
44 terms
Psychology of Personal and Social Change: Final
Meditation
mindfulness
how does mindfulness work?
what are the five hindrances
-meditation is an act of reflection or contemplation. It is d…
-Paying intimate attention on purpose to whatever is... happenin…
-we suspend our usual mode of judging what we notice and then…
•Desire... •Aversion... •Restlessness... •Sloth and Torpor... •Doubt
Meditation
-meditation is an act of reflection or contemplation. It is d…
mindfulness
-Paying intimate attention on purpose to whatever is... happenin…
25 terms
Psychology-Social Psychology-The role of social influence processes in social change
Minority influence
Social change
What are the 5 conditions necessary fo…
Drawing attention to an issue
-people neglect the already established majority norm and mov…
-when a society adopts a new belief or way of behaving ... -this…
-drawing attention to an issue... -the role of conflict... -consist…
-a minority viewpoint that opposes the majority creates confl…
Minority influence
-people neglect the already established majority norm and mov…
Social change
-when a society adopts a new belief or way of behaving ... -this…
22 terms
AP Psychology: Social Psychology // Jasmine Chang
Fundamental attribution error
Foot-in-the-door phenomena
Normative social influence
Informational social influence
-can lead us to unwarranted conclusions about other's persona…
-the tendency for people who agree to a small request to comp…
-gain social approval
-influence resulting from one's willingness to accept others…
Fundamental attribution error
-can lead us to unwarranted conclusions about other's persona…
Foot-in-the-door phenomena
-the tendency for people who agree to a small request to comp…
5 terms
Psychology: Social influence processes in social change
What is 'conversion'?
How can social change be adapted throu…
How can social change be adapted throu…
Evaluation for social influence proces…
-Moscovici (1980) referred to the process of an individual be…
-Drawing attention to an issue... -Minority creates a conflict b…
-If people perceive something as the norm, they alter their b…
-Influence of minority more likely to be latent than direct,…
What is 'conversion'?
-Moscovici (1980) referred to the process of an individual be…
How can social change be adapted throu…
-Drawing attention to an issue... -Minority creates a conflict b…
9 terms
Social Psychology of Change: Working with Groups
social psychology
norms
negative & positive sanctions
social learning theory
study of behavioral relations among individuals & groups... -sel…
all groups have... -accepted or normative ways of doing things... -…
control group members' behaviors
trying out observed behaviors
social psychology
study of behavioral relations among individuals & groups... -sel…
norms
all groups have... -accepted or normative ways of doing things... -…
21 terms
Social Psychology Chapter 7: Attitudes and Attitude Change
Cognitively Based Attitude
Affectiively Based Attitude
Attitude
Classical Conditioning
Attitude based primarily on people's beliefs about the proper…
Attitude based more on people's feelings and values than on t…
Evaluations of people, objects and ideas
When stimulus elicits an emotional response in repeatedly pai…
Cognitively Based Attitude
Attitude based primarily on people's beliefs about the proper…
Affectiively Based Attitude
Attitude based more on people's feelings and values than on t…
21 terms
Social Psychology Ch. 7 Attitudes and Attitude Change
Attitudes
Cognitively Based Attitudes
Affectively Based Attitude
Classical Conditioning
evaluations of people, objects, and ideas
an attitude based primarily on people's beliefs about the pro…
an attitude based more on people's feelings and values than o…
the phenomenon whereby a stimulus that elicits an emotional r…
Attitudes
evaluations of people, objects, and ideas
Cognitively Based Attitudes
an attitude based primarily on people's beliefs about the pro…
21 terms
Social Psychology Chapter 7: Attitudes and Attitude Change
Attitudes
Cognitively Based Attitude
Affectively Based Attitude
Classical Conditioning
Evaluations of people, objects, and ideas
An attitude based primarily on people's beliefs about the pro…
An attitude based more on people's feelings and values than o…
The phenomenon whereby a stimulus that elicits an emotional r…
Attitudes
Evaluations of people, objects, and ideas
Cognitively Based Attitude
An attitude based primarily on people's beliefs about the pro…
21 terms
Social Psychology - Chapter 7 - Attitudes and Attitude Change
Attitudes
Cognitively Based Attitude
Affectively Based Attitude
Classical Conditioning
Evaluations of people, objects and ideas.
An attitude based primarily on people's beliefs about the pro…
An attitude based more on people's feelings and values than o…
The phenomenon whereby a stimulus that elicits an emotional r…
Attitudes
Evaluations of people, objects and ideas.
Cognitively Based Attitude
An attitude based primarily on people's beliefs about the pro…
49 terms
Social Psychology: Attitudes & Attitude Change Chapter 7
Attitudes
Genetic origins
Social experiences
Affective
evaluation of people, objects, and ideas
predisposed to like or dislike something... identical twins have…
exposure to various situations shapes our world-view
based on emotional reactions or values... *you like a car bc it…
Attitudes
evaluation of people, objects, and ideas
Genetic origins
predisposed to like or dislike something... identical twins have…
46 terms
Social Psychology (Unit 5- Attitudes and Attitude change)
Attitude
Object- Appraisal function
Value- Expressive function
Attitude stems from three sources...
is an individual's evaluation of a target (person, object or…
determine whether attitude of object is positive or negative.…
Allow us to convey identity to others
1. Affective reactions (emotions) ... 2. Cognitive appraisals (b…
Attitude
is an individual's evaluation of a target (person, object or…
Object- Appraisal function
determine whether attitude of object is positive or negative.…
Attitudes & Attitude Changes (PSYC 154 - Social Psychology)
Attitude
Tricomponent Model of Attitudes
Knowledge Funtion
Social Adjustive
A general and enduring evaluation about some attitude object.
What model involves cognitive, affective, and behavioral info…
The way an attitude contributes to mastery by organizing, sum…
The role a person's attitude plays in starting social interac…
Attitude
A general and enduring evaluation about some attitude object.
Tricomponent Model of Attitudes
What model involves cognitive, affective, and behavioral info…
21 terms
Social Psychology Ch 7 Attitudes and Attitude Change
Attitudes
Cognitively Based Attitude
Affectively Based Attitude
Classical Conditioning
Evaluations of people, objects, and ideas.
An attitude based primarily on people's beliefs about the pro…
An attitude based more on people's feelings and values than o…
The phenomenon whereby a stimulus that elicits an emotional r…
Attitudes
Evaluations of people, objects, and ideas.
Cognitively Based Attitude
An attitude based primarily on people's beliefs about the pro…
31 terms
Social Psychology: Chapter 7-Attitudes and Attitude Change
Attitude
Explicit Attitude
Implicit Attitude
Cognitive Perspective: How do we acqui…
Relatively stable positive or negative evaluation of somethin…
Attitudes you consciously report... EX: What are your attitudes…
Involuntary, uncontrollable and often unconscious attitudes... *…
-People acquire their attitudes according to a rational thoug…
Attitude
Relatively stable positive or negative evaluation of somethin…
Explicit Attitude
Attitudes you consciously report... EX: What are your attitudes…
27 terms
Social Psychology Ch. 7(Attitudes & Attitude Change)
Cognitively based attitudes
Affectively based attitudes
Affectively based attitude
Affectively based attitude conditioning
Peoples evaluations based on primarily their beliefs about th…
An attitude based more on peoples feelings and values rather…
These attitudes come from many sources like:... peoples values (…
Attitudes can take on positive or negative affect through cla…
Cognitively based attitudes
Peoples evaluations based on primarily their beliefs about th…
Affectively based attitudes
An attitude based more on peoples feelings and values rather…
21 terms
Social Psychology Chapter 7: Attitude and Attitude Change
Attitudes
Cognitively Based Attitude
Affectively Based Attitude
Classical Conditioning
Evaluations of people, objects, and ideas
An attitude based primarily on people's beliefs about the pro…
an attitude based more on people's feelings and values than o…
The phenomenon whereby a stimulus that elicits an emotional r…
Attitudes
Evaluations of people, objects, and ideas
Cognitively Based Attitude
An attitude based primarily on people's beliefs about the pro…
21 terms
Social Psychology- Chapter 7: Attitudes and Attitude Change
attitudes
cognitively based attitude
affectively based attitude
classical conditioning
evaluations of people, objects, and ideas
an attitude based primarily on people's beliefs about the pro…
an attitude based more on people's feelings and values than o…
the phenomenon whereby a stimulus that elicits an emotional r…
attitudes
evaluations of people, objects, and ideas
cognitively based attitude
an attitude based primarily on people's beliefs about the pro…
Social Psychology Chapter 6: Attitudes and Attitude Change
attitudes
three components of an attitude
affective component
cognitive component
an evaluation of a person, object, or idea
affective component... cognitive component... behavioural component
consisting of emotional reactions toward the attitude object…
consisting of thoughts and beliefs about the attitude object
attitudes
an evaluation of a person, object, or idea
three components of an attitude
affective component... cognitive component... behavioural component
41 terms
Social psychology - Attitudes and Attitude Change Ch 7
attitudes
cognitively based attitude
affectively based attitudes
classical conditioning
Evaluations of people, objects and ideas.
An attitude based primarily on people's beliefs about the pro…
An attitude based more on people's feelings and values than o…
The phenomenon whereby a stimulus that elicits and emotional…
attitudes
Evaluations of people, objects and ideas.
cognitively based attitude
An attitude based primarily on people's beliefs about the pro…
46 terms
Social Psychology Terms Chapter (Attitudes and Attitude Change)
Attitudes
3 Components of Attitudes
Affective Component
Behavioral Component
Evaluations of people, objects, and ideas. (People evaluate w…
Affective, behavioral, and cognitive
People's emotional reactions towards the object.
Actions or observable behavior.
Attitudes
Evaluations of people, objects, and ideas. (People evaluate w…
3 Components of Attitudes
Affective, behavioral, and cognitive
25 terms
Social Psychology Final Exam: Attitudes and Attitude Change
Affective Component of Attitude
Behavioral Component of Attitude
Cognitive Component of Attitude
Self Reports
likes/dislikes, emotions
intentions to act in certain ways
beliefs/info
questionnaires and rating scales (Likert Scale)
Affective Component of Attitude
likes/dislikes, emotions
Behavioral Component of Attitude
intentions to act in certain ways
Social Psychology: Chapter 7 Attitudes and Attitude Changes
Attitudes
Effective Component
Cognitive Component
Behavioral Component
Evaluations of people, objects, and ideas
emotional reactions
your thoughts and beliefs
your actions or observable behavior toward the attitude object
Attitudes
Evaluations of people, objects, and ideas
Effective Component
emotional reactions
27 terms
Social Psychology Ch. 7 Attitudes and Attitude Change
Attitudes
Cognitively Based Attitude
Affectively Based Attitude
Classical Conditioning
Evaluations of people, objects and ideas.
An attitude based primarily on people's beliefs about the pro…
An attitude based more on people's feelings and values than o…
The phenomenon whereby a stimulus that elicits emotional resp…
Attitudes
Evaluations of people, objects and ideas.
Cognitively Based Attitude
An attitude based primarily on people's beliefs about the pro…
59 terms
Psychology of Personal and Social Change: test 1
What are the three ways Psychology mea…
Hedonism (greek philosophical approach)
Eudaimonia (greek philosophical approa…
Epicurus Hedonism
-global well-being: how happy are you generally?... -life satisf…
(Aristippus, Epicurus): Happiness... comes from maximizing pleas…
(Aristotle): Happiness comes from... fulfilling one's potential…
Epicurus urges us to avoid momentary pleasures which may be i…
What are the three ways Psychology mea…
-global well-being: how happy are you generally?... -life satisf…
Hedonism (greek philosophical approach)
(Aristippus, Epicurus): Happiness... comes from maximizing pleas…
9 terms
PSYCHOLOGY: Role of Social Influence Processes in Explaining Social Change
Social change
Social influence
Social change through MAJORITY influence
Social change through MINORITY influence
Occurs when society adopt new belief which becomes widely acc…
Process by which individuals & groups change each other's att…
Social Norms Approach "if ppl perceive something as norm = ad…
Moscovici "if certain conditions exist & minority is persuasi…
Social change
Occurs when society adopt new belief which becomes widely acc…
Social influence
Process by which individuals & groups change each other's att…
Social Psychology Chapter 7: Attitudes and Attitude change
3 Kinds of attitudes (List and Describe)
explicit attitudes
implicit attitdues
Do attitudes predict behavior? And when?
1. Cognitively based; Facts that are relevant, critical think…
attitudes that we consciously endorse and can easily report
attitudes that exist outside of the conscious awareness; unco…
Attitude accessibility-Attitudes will predict behaviors only…
3 Kinds of attitudes (List and Describe)
1. Cognitively based; Facts that are relevant, critical think…
explicit attitudes
attitudes that we consciously endorse and can easily report
social psychology lecture 3 - persuasion and attitude change
who made dissonance theory
what is dissonance theory about
what does dissonance theory address
paradigms of dissonance- induced compl…
Leon Festinger
a theory of how we rationalize behaviour
the relations between different cognitions in an individuals…
ask participants to do something that is inconsistent with th…
who made dissonance theory
Leon Festinger
what is dissonance theory about
a theory of how we rationalize behaviour
14 terms
AS Psychology - Minority Influence + Social Change
What are the 3 things the minority inf…
Minority Influence is stronger if the…
Commitment - minority influence is mor…
Flexibility - the minority influence i…
Consistency, Commitment, Flexibility
same
sacrifices
flexibility
What are the 3 things the minority inf…
Consistency, Commitment, Flexibility
Minority Influence is stronger if the…
same
13 terms
6 Social Psychology - Strategies of Attitude and Behaviour Change
Definieren Sie Persuasion
Nennen Sie die Schritte des Informatio…
Welche zentralen Annahmen liegen dem M…
Wodurch definieren sich Zwei-Prozess-T…
Persuasion („Überzeugen") bedeutet, durch Kommunikationon* (B…
- Aufmerksamkeit... - Verstehen... - Akzeptieren... - Beibehalten... - Ve…
- Überzeugungsargumente stimulieren Gedanke... - *Vorteilhaft…
- Verbinden systematische Art (Verarbeitung von Argumenten)…
Definieren Sie Persuasion
Persuasion („Überzeugen") bedeutet, durch Kommunikationon* (B…
Nennen Sie die Schritte des Informatio…
- Aufmerksamkeit... - Verstehen... - Akzeptieren... - Beibehalten... - Ve…
47 terms
L3 Social Psychology: How can we change social behaviour
What are the two approaches to thinkin…
What is the traditional strategy's end…
What are some potential barriers to th…
What is the Yale communication Paradigm?
They centre around mass media communication as most organizat…
Present a well-informed and well reasoned argument to an indi…
Capturing audience's attention and ensure message gets throug…
ONe way communication bw sender and receiver. ... Mass communica…
What are the two approaches to thinkin…
They centre around mass media communication as most organizat…
What is the traditional strategy's end…
Present a well-informed and well reasoned argument to an indi…
11 terms
Social influence and social change Psychological research can help us change society
Social change
Conversion
Needed for minority influence to occur
Augmentation principle
Minority impacting on the majority
If an individual is exposed to a persuasive argument they may…
Consistency ... Commitment ... Flexibility
Minority are willing to suffer for their cause
Social change
Minority impacting on the majority
Conversion
If an individual is exposed to a persuasive argument they may…
35 terms
Social Psychology Ch 7: Attitudes and attitude change: Influencing thoughts and feelings
Ted talk ... How does advertising work to…
Two routes to persuasion
Central route
Peripheral route
https://new.ted.com/talks/rory_sutherland_life_lessons_from_a…
Central route & peripheral route
Person thinks carefully about a message.... Influenced by the st…
Person does not think critically about the contents of a mess…
Ted talk ... How does advertising work to…
https://new.ted.com/talks/rory_sutherland_life_lessons_from_a…
Two routes to persuasion
Central route & peripheral route
10 terms
Social influence and social change Psychological research can help us change society
Social change
Conversion
Needed for social change to occur
Stages of change
Minority impacting on the majority
If an individual is exposed to a persuasive argument under ce…
Consistency ... Commitment ... Flexibility
Drawing attention to the minority ... Consistency of the movemen…
Social change
Minority impacting on the majority
Conversion
If an individual is exposed to a persuasive argument under ce…
38 terms
Social Psychology Notes- Chapter 7- Attitudes and Attitude Change
Attitudes
3 Main Components of Attitudes
Cognitively Based Attitude
Affectively Based Attitude
Evaluations of people, objects and ideas
1. Cognitive Component... 2. Affective Component... 3. Behavioral C…
An attitude based primarily on people's beliefs about the pro…
An attitude based more on people's feelings and values than o…
Attitudes
Evaluations of people, objects and ideas
3 Main Components of Attitudes
1. Cognitive Component... 2. Affective Component... 3. Behavioral C…
20 terms
Social Psychology 7th Edition Chapter 7 Attitude and Attitude Change
attitudes
persuasion
Cognitively Based Attitude
Affectively Based Attitude
Evaluations of people, objects and ideas in a positive or neg…
An attempt to change attitudes
An attitude based primarily on people's beliefs about the pro…
An attitude based more on people's feelings and values than o…
attitudes
Evaluations of people, objects and ideas in a positive or neg…
persuasion
An attempt to change attitudes
30 terms
Social Psychology (ch. 9) Psy 121: UNCG-Yoojin Chang
Social Psychology
Social Influence
Informational Social Influence
Normative Social Influence
The scientific study of how we influence one another's behavi…
People often do things they don't want to, or are persuaded b…
Results from desire to be correct in actions of judgement tha…
Results from desire to gain approval and avoid disapproval--b…
Social Psychology
The scientific study of how we influence one another's behavi…
Social Influence
People often do things they don't want to, or are persuaded b…
7 terms
Social Psychology Midterm #2 Review- Attitudes and Attitude Change (Chapter 7)
Where do attitudes come from? Mostly b…
Affectively Based Attitudes:
Genetic Attitudinal Aspects (Tesser)
Yale Attitude Change School [Carl Hovl…
Cognitively Based Attitudes: (belief) Based on relevant facts…
Can be created through conditioning: 2 types... Classical Condi…
Concordance rates... Ex: if one twin has attitude, does the othe…
Summed Up As: "who said what to whom"... Study of the condition…
Where do attitudes come from? Mostly b…
Cognitively Based Attitudes: (belief) Based on relevant facts…
Affectively Based Attitudes:
Can be created through conditioning: 2 types... Classical Condi…
applications psychology-- week 12- social research for behaviour change programs..
induced complicance-- festinger and ca…
mimicry explored
mimicry explored..
are we persuaded by a mimic sales pers…
- paying for persuasion... - Festinger... - get people to do boring…
We automatically mimic the mannerisms, postures and gestures…
* Tanner et al., 2007... Independent variables:... 4 conditions..…
...
induced complicance-- festinger and ca…
- paying for persuasion... - Festinger... - get people to do boring…
mimicry explored
We automatically mimic the mannerisms, postures and gestures…
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