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Study sets matching "sp2"

45 terms
Social Psychology Exam2
Cognitive Dissonance
Self-Affirmation
Impact Bias
Postdecision Dissonance
A drive or feeling of discomfort, origionally defined as bein…
In the context of dissonance theory, a way of reducing disson…
The tendency to overestimate the intensity and duration of on…
Dissonance aroused after making a decision, typically reduced…
Cognitive Dissonance
A drive or feeling of discomfort, origionally defined as bein…
Self-Affirmation
In the context of dissonance theory, a way of reducing disson…
345 terms
Social Psychology-Exam 2
what is the process by which people th…
what kind of thought to people have a…
when do controlled behaviors occur?
what are the goals of social cognition?
social cognition
effortful, conscious thought
when something is vitally important to meeting goals and stan…
to conserve mental effort, to be accurate, and to manage self…
what is the process by which people th…
social cognition
what kind of thought to people have a…
effortful, conscious thought
60 terms
Social Psychology exam 2
Persuasion
Who started research in Persuassion
Opinion
Attitude
Communication designed to influence attitudes... -the process by…
Research began with Hovland (1930-1950s) Yale Professor... -rese…
Judgement expressed in verbal responses
favorable or unfavorable evaluative reaction toward a stimuli…
Persuasion
Communication designed to influence attitudes... -the process by…
Who started research in Persuassion
Research began with Hovland (1930-1950s) Yale Professor... -rese…
61 terms
Social Psychology exam 2
Who said "Know thyself"?... Who said "Exi…
______________ : the sum total of beli…
____________ - Different siblings take…
___________ - establishment niche (hen…
1. Socrates... 2. Jean-Paul Sartre
Self Concept
Diversification
Older Siblings
Who said "Know thyself"?... Who said "Exi…
1. Socrates... 2. Jean-Paul Sartre
______________ : the sum total of beli…
Self Concept
20 terms
Social Psychology Part 2
prejudice
Stereotype
ingroup
outgroup
an unjustifiable attitude toward a group and its members
a generalized belief about a group of people
"us" - people with whom one shares a common identity
"Them" - those perceived as different or apart from one's ing…
prejudice
an unjustifiable attitude toward a group and its members
Stereotype
a generalized belief about a group of people
65 terms
Psychology 2 (Social Psychology)
Social psychology
Social context
Social reality
Situationism
branch of psychology that deals with social interactions, ori…
how someone reacts to something depending on their social/ ph…
A reality or a fact of life peculiar to a particular society
the theory that human behavior is determined by surrounding c…
Social psychology
branch of psychology that deals with social interactions, ori…
Social context
how someone reacts to something depending on their social/ ph…
50 terms
Social Psychology
Social Psychology
Attribution Theory
Fundamental Attribution Error
Attitude
the scientific study of how we think about, influence, and re…
the theory that we explain someone's behavior by crediting ei…
the tendency for observers, when analyzing another's behavior…
feelings, often influenced by our beliefs, that predispose us…
Social Psychology
the scientific study of how we think about, influence, and re…
Attribution Theory
the theory that we explain someone's behavior by crediting ei…
69 terms
Unit 2: Social Psychology
social psychology
attribution theory
fundamental attribution error
attitude
the scientific study of how we think about, influence, and re…
how we explain someone's behavior—by crediting either the sit…
tendency for observers, when analyzing another's behavior, to…
feelings often based on our beliefs, which predispose us to r…
social psychology
the scientific study of how we think about, influence, and re…
attribution theory
how we explain someone's behavior—by crediting either the sit…
50 terms
Social Psychology
Social Psychology
Attribution Theory
Fundamental Attribution Error
Attitude
the scientific study of how we think about, influence, and re…
the theory that we explain someone's behavior by crediting ei…
the tendency for observers, when analyzing another's behavior…
feelings, often influenced by our beliefs, that predispose us…
Social Psychology
the scientific study of how we think about, influence, and re…
Attribution Theory
the theory that we explain someone's behavior by crediting ei…
48 terms
social psychology test #2
introspection
Self-Perception Theory
Feedback and reaction from others
Social Comparison Theory
The examination or observation of one's mental and emotional…
Individuals come to know their own attitudes, emotions and in…
Socialization - e.g., How parents/friends/teachers treat you…
The theory that proposes that we evaluate our thoughts and ac…
introspection
The examination or observation of one's mental and emotional…
Self-Perception Theory
Individuals come to know their own attitudes, emotions and in…
32 terms
Social Psychology Chapter 2
Hindsight Bias
Observational Method
Ethnography
Interjudge Reliability
(pg. 22) The tendency for people to exaggerate how much they…
(pg. 24) The technique whereby a researcher observes people a…
(pg. 24) The method by which researchers attempt to understan…
(pg. 25) The level of agreement between two or more people wh…
Hindsight Bias
(pg. 22) The tendency for people to exaggerate how much they…
Observational Method
(pg. 24) The technique whereby a researcher observes people a…
35 terms
Social Psychology Exam 2
Evolutionary Psychology
Conformity
Compliance
Obedience
The study of the evolution of cognition and behavior using pr…
Changing behavior to match that of other in the group.
Changing behavior as a result of a direct request.
Acting in accord with a direct request from an authority.
Evolutionary Psychology
The study of the evolution of cognition and behavior using pr…
Conformity
Changing behavior to match that of other in the group.
Social Cognition Stage 2 Psychology
Structure of attitudes
Affective
Behavioural
Cognitive
ABC model A- affective, B - behavioural C- cognitive
the feelings or emotions an individual can hold e.g. positive…
Action the individual wishes to take, or takes, because of th…
refers to the beliefs, ideas and opinions the individual hold…
Structure of attitudes
ABC model A- affective, B - behavioural C- cognitive
Affective
the feelings or emotions an individual can hold e.g. positive…
37 terms
Social Psychology Exam #2
Culture
Norms
Normative Culture variations
Universal cultural variations
the enduring behaviors, ideas, attitudes, and traditions shar…
standards of accepted and expected behavior
Expressiveness, punctuality, rule-breaking, personal space
friendships, trait dimensions, social belief dimensions, stat…
Culture
the enduring behaviors, ideas, attitudes, and traditions shar…
Norms
standards of accepted and expected behavior
34 terms
Social Psychology Exam 2
cognitive dissonance
cognitive dissonance - changing behavi…
cognitive dissonance - self affirmation
cognitive dissonance - unconscious pro…
This feeling of discomfort caused by performing an action tha…
the first to try and explain why our behaviors sometimes lead…
Reduce dissonance by bolstering the self concept in a differe…
People do not anticipate how successfully they will reduce di…
cognitive dissonance
This feeling of discomfort caused by performing an action tha…
cognitive dissonance - changing behavi…
the first to try and explain why our behaviors sometimes lead…
67 terms
Social Psychology Test 2
Attitude
Ambivalent Attitudes
Explicit Attitudes
Implicit Attitudes
individuals evaluation of target good/bad dimension... -emotiona…
evaluations of targets that include both positive and negativ…
evaluations people can report conciously
Automatic elevate responses to a target which may occur witho…
Attitude
individuals evaluation of target good/bad dimension... -emotiona…
Ambivalent Attitudes
evaluations of targets that include both positive and negativ…
45 terms
Social Psychology Chapter 2
Hindsight Bias
Observational Method
Ethnography
Interjudge Reliability
The tendency for people to exaggerate, after knowing that som…
observes people and systematically records measurements or im…
The method by which researchers attempt to understand a group…
The level of agreement b/w two or more people observe a set o…
Hindsight Bias
The tendency for people to exaggerate, after knowing that som…
Observational Method
observes people and systematically records measurements or im…
161 terms
Social Psychology Exam 2
William James (1890) on the self
the material self
the social self
George Herbert Mead
-self concept: people's ideas about who they are and what the…
the extended self
-social roles... -"basking in reflected glory"
socialization is synonymous with self development ... -"symbolic…
William James (1890) on the self
-self concept: people's ideas about who they are and what the…
the material self
the extended self
169 terms
Social Psychology exam 2
Fundamental attribution error (FAE)
FAE example
Why do we use FAE?
Situational salience
tendency to overestimate the extent to which other people's b…
The people who had to say whether the students were pro or an…
1. situational salience... 2. perceptual salience
being unaware of target's environment
Fundamental attribution error (FAE)
tendency to overestimate the extent to which other people's b…
FAE example
The people who had to say whether the students were pro or an…
96 terms
Social Psychology-Exam 2
conformity
compliance
acceptance
Sherif's studies
a change in behavior or belief as a result of real or imagine…
conformity that involves publicly acting in accord with socia…
conformity that involves both acting and believing in accord…
assessing suggestibility -the estimates of an apparent moveme…
conformity
a change in behavior or belief as a result of real or imagine…
compliance
conformity that involves publicly acting in accord with socia…
24 terms
Social Psychology Chapter 2
Explain why social psychological resul…
Identify the origins of hypothesis.
Distinguish among the three research m…
Identify the goal of the observational…
the results of some experiments that you encounter may seem o…
Research often observe something in their lives/lives of othe…
1. observational: observes people and systematically records…
simple observation... one records and observes from the inside
Explain why social psychological resul…
the results of some experiments that you encounter may seem o…
Identify the origins of hypothesis.
Research often observe something in their lives/lives of othe…
85 terms
PSY 360 Social Psychology 2
Self-Recognition
Self-Knowledge
Independent view of the self
Interdependent view of the self
Identification of the self as a physically unique being; deve…
Beliefs about who we are; Formulating and organizing what we…
Way of defining oneself in terms of one's own internal though…
Way of defining oneself in terms of one's relationships to ot…
Self-Recognition
Identification of the self as a physically unique being; deve…
Self-Knowledge
Beliefs about who we are; Formulating and organizing what we…
73 terms
Social Psychology Chapter 2
hindsight bias
An Empirical Science
Formulating Hypotheses and Theories
Hypotheses Based on Personal Observati…
the tendency for people to exaggerate how much they could hav…
Social Psychology... -research allows us to test the validity of…
Inspiration from Earlier Theories and Research... --• Studies of…
• Personal experience, current events, and literature can ser…
hindsight bias
the tendency for people to exaggerate how much they could hav…
An Empirical Science
Social Psychology... -research allows us to test the validity of…
32 terms
Social Psychology Midterm #2
Persuasion
Types (Routes) of Persuasion
Central Route
Peripheral Route
The process of changing someone's attitude by means of a dire…
~Central Route... ~Peripheral Route
Persuasion through the strength of the arguments themselves
Persuasion through peripheral cues - features of the communic…
Persuasion
The process of changing someone's attitude by means of a dire…
Types (Routes) of Persuasion
~Central Route... ~Peripheral Route
43 terms
Social Psychology
Social Psychology
Attribution Theory
Fundamental Attribution Error
Attitude
the scientific study of how we think about, influence, and re…
the theory that we explain someone's behavior by crediting ei…
the tendency for observers, when analyzing another's behavior…
feelings, often influenced by our beliefs, that predispose us…
Social Psychology
the scientific study of how we think about, influence, and re…
Attribution Theory
the theory that we explain someone's behavior by crediting ei…
307 terms
CONTEXT 2 - Social Psychology
Psychology definiton
Social psychology
Insect social behaviour
Mammalian social behaviour
"the science of human behaviour and mental life"
"the science of human behaviour and mental life in... social sit…
role of social influence is limited,... depends on unlearned, fi…
increasingly large element of learning,... influence mediated by…
Psychology definiton
"the science of human behaviour and mental life"
Social psychology
"the science of human behaviour and mental life in... social sit…
111 terms
Social Psychology Exam 2
A psychiatrist who interviewed 40 of M…
If we were to conclude that Milgram's…
In Western individualistic societies,…
Mullen and her colleagues (1990) found…
none had been harmed.
committing the fundamental attribution error.
a negative value judgment.
status
A psychiatrist who interviewed 40 of M…
none had been harmed.
If we were to conclude that Milgram's…
committing the fundamental attribution error.
43 terms
Social Psychology Chapter 2
moviation
goal
motive
attention
the force that moves people toward desired outcomes
a desired outcome, something one wishes to accomplish
a high level goal fundamental to social survival
the process of consciously focusing on aspects of our environ…
moviation
the force that moves people toward desired outcomes
goal
a desired outcome, something one wishes to accomplish
30 terms
Social Psychology Chapter 2
hindsight bias
observational method
ethnography
interjudge reliability
the tendency for people to exaggerate how much they could hav…
the technique whereby a researcher observes people and system…
the method by which researchers attempt to understand a group…
the level of agreement between two or more people who indepen…
hindsight bias
the tendency for people to exaggerate how much they could hav…
observational method
the technique whereby a researcher observes people and system…
68 terms
Social Psychology Exam 2
The video we watched about the "Summer…
(picture of Martha Stewart & Snoop Dog…
Describe the self-serving bias.
We learn about ourselves from other pe…
availability heuristic
representativeness
something good happens its our fault, something bad happens n…
looking-glass self
The video we watched about the "Summer…
availability heuristic
(picture of Martha Stewart & Snoop Dog…
representativeness
40 terms
Social Psychology Chapter 2
Spotlight effect
Illusion of transparency
Self-concept
Self-schema
The belief that others are paying more attention to our appea…
The illusion that our concealed emotions leak out and can be…
What we know and believe about ourselves
Beliefs about the self that organize and guide the processing…
Spotlight effect
The belief that others are paying more attention to our appea…
Illusion of transparency
The illusion that our concealed emotions leak out and can be…
38 terms
Psychology Exam 2 Social Psychology
Three main findings about how you tend…
Spotlight Effect
Gilovich's T-shirt Experiment
"Lake Wobegon" effect and possible exp…
1. You're the hero of your own story. 2. You are above averag…
People overestimate the degree to which others pay attention…
In an experiment, participants wearing an embarrassing t-shir…
Systematic tendency to see ourselves as better than average.…
Three main findings about how you tend…
1. You're the hero of your own story. 2. You are above averag…
Spotlight Effect
People overestimate the degree to which others pay attention…
60 terms
Social Psychology Exam 2
attitude
Theory of Planned Behavior
Central Route to Persuasion
Peripheral Route to Persuasion
evaluation of people, objects, or ideas
The theory that attitudes toward a specific behavior (or a cl…
A person thinks carefully about the message and is influenced…
A person does not think carefully about the message and is in…
attitude
evaluation of people, objects, or ideas
Theory of Planned Behavior
The theory that attitudes toward a specific behavior (or a cl…
32 terms
Social Psychology [Chapter 2]
Bystander Effect
Hindsight Bias
Where are many studies conducted?
Explain theory refinement.
witnesses failing to help in the case of emergencies; results…
the tendency for people to exaggerate how much they could hav…
Social psychological studies often stem from a researcher's d…
Continual process of developing theories, testing specific hy…
Bystander Effect
witnesses failing to help in the case of emergencies; results…
Hindsight Bias
the tendency for people to exaggerate how much they could hav…
92 terms
Exam 2 - Social Psychology
What is the Process of Cognitive Disso…
How to reduce Dissonance?
Cognitive Dissonance in totality (the…
Insufficient Justification Effect
Inconsistency between two cognitions produces dissonance ... Di…
Least important or most easily changeable element (usually th…
1. Tension arises between two cognitions ... 2. the two cogniti…
reduction of dissonance by internally justifying one's behavi…
What is the Process of Cognitive Disso…
Inconsistency between two cognitions produces dissonance ... Di…
How to reduce Dissonance?
Least important or most easily changeable element (usually th…
41 terms
Social Psychology - Exam 2
Evolutionary Psychology
How are we different from animals?
What is our purpose in life?
Natural Selection
The study of the evolution of cognition and behavior using pr…
...
To continue our family and have grandchildren.
the process whereby organisms better adapted to their environ…
Evolutionary Psychology
The study of the evolution of cognition and behavior using pr…
How are we different from animals?
...
122 terms
Social Psychology Test 2
Cognitive Dissonance
Impact Bias
Self-Affirmation
Self-Esteem
inconsistency between thoughts, feelings and actions create a…
tendency to overestimate the intensity and duration of one's…
reminding yourself of one or more of your positive attributio…
increase experience most when they go against personal belief…
Cognitive Dissonance
inconsistency between thoughts, feelings and actions create a…
Impact Bias
tendency to overestimate the intensity and duration of one's…
53 terms
Social Psychology Exam #2
gender role
prenatal testosterone
testosterone
free testosterone
a set of behavior expectations (norms) for males & females
what the embryo is exposed to while in the uterus; organizes…
causes increased aggression, higher sex drive
in a person's bloodstream that influences our daily behavior;…
gender role
a set of behavior expectations (norms) for males & females
prenatal testosterone
what the embryo is exposed to while in the uterus; organizes…
45 terms
Social Psychology
Social Psychologists
Attribution theory
Fundamental attribution error
Attitudes
Psychologists who study the social influences that explain wh…
The theory that we explain someone's behavior by crediting ei…
The tendency for observers, when analyzing others' behavior,…
Feelings often influenced by our beliefs, that predispose us…
Social Psychologists
Psychologists who study the social influences that explain wh…
Attribution theory
The theory that we explain someone's behavior by crediting ei…
50 terms
Psychology - Social Psychology (Nicdao)
Social Psychology
Attribution Theory
Fundamental Attribution Error
Attitude
the scientific study of how we think about, influence, and re…
the theory that we explain someone's behavior by crediting ei…
the tendency for observers, when analyzing another's behavior…
feelings, often influenced by our beliefs, that predispose us…
Social Psychology
the scientific study of how we think about, influence, and re…
Attribution Theory
the theory that we explain someone's behavior by crediting ei…
28 terms
Social Psychology (Myers) Ch 2
spotlight effect
illusion of transparency
self-concept
self-schema
the belief that others are paying more attention to our behav…
the illusion that our concealed emotions leak out and can be…
what we know and believe about ourselves
beliefs about self that organize guide the processing of self…
spotlight effect
the belief that others are paying more attention to our behav…
illusion of transparency
the illusion that our concealed emotions leak out and can be…
27 terms
Social Psychology
Social Psychology
Attribution Theory
Fundamental Attribution Error
Attitude
the scientific study of how we think about, influence, and re…
the theory that we explain someone's behavior by crediting ei…
the tendency for observers, when analyzing another's behavior…
feelings, often influenced by our beliefs, that predispose us…
Social Psychology
the scientific study of how we think about, influence, and re…
Attribution Theory
the theory that we explain someone's behavior by crediting ei…
12 terms
Social Psychology 2 - Social Influence
Conformity
Obedience
Normative Conformity
Compliance
Change in thoughts, feelings, or behaviour as result of... real…
Change in thoughts, feelings, or behaviour as result of... direc…
Yielding to group pressure because the person wants to... fit in…
Publicly changing behaviour to fit in with the group while pr…
Conformity
Change in thoughts, feelings, or behaviour as result of... real…
Obedience
Change in thoughts, feelings, or behaviour as result of... direc…
33 terms
Social Psychology 2: Social Cognition
Attribution
Fundamental Error of Attribution
Self-Enhancement Bias
Self-Serving Bias
Judgment involved in assigning a cause to the behavior of oth…
Tendency to over attribute behavior to internal causes--espec…
Tendency to believe that we are above average along most dime…
Tendency to attribute our own successes to internal causes, w…
Attribution
Judgment involved in assigning a cause to the behavior of oth…
Fundamental Error of Attribution
Tendency to over attribute behavior to internal causes--espec…
27 terms
Social Psychology: Doing Social Psychology Research 2
hypothesis
theory
basic research
applied research
a testable prediction about the conditions under which an out…
on organized set of principles used to explain observed pheno…
research whose goal is to understand human behaviour, often b…
research whose goals are to enlarge the understanding of natu…
hypothesis
a testable prediction about the conditions under which an out…
theory
on organized set of principles used to explain observed pheno…
95 terms
Social Psychology Exam 2
Emotion
5 key components of an emotion
Appraisal Process
evidence for universality of emotions
Brief responses that are subjectively experienced as feelings…
- brief responses that are subjectively experienced as feelin…
...
- universality of facial expressions; cross-species continuit…
Emotion
Brief responses that are subjectively experienced as feelings…
5 key components of an emotion
- brief responses that are subjectively experienced as feelin…
Social Psychology
Fundamental Attribution Error
Cognitive Dissonance
The Bystander Effect
Reciprocity Norm
The tendency for observers to underestimate the impact of the…
The theory that we act to reduce the discomfort we feel when…
The tendency for any given bystander to be less likely to giv…
an expectation that people will help, not hurt, those who hav…
Fundamental Attribution Error
The tendency for observers to underestimate the impact of the…
Cognitive Dissonance
The theory that we act to reduce the discomfort we feel when…
12 terms
Social Psychology
Diffusion of responsibility
Fundamental attribution error
Reward theory of attraction
Proximity
The phenomenon wherein each bystander's sense of responsibili…
emphasize personality traits and ignore situational influences
the theory that we like those whose behavior is rewarding to…
Nearness
Diffusion of responsibility
The phenomenon wherein each bystander's sense of responsibili…
Fundamental attribution error
emphasize personality traits and ignore situational influences
17 terms
Social Psychology - 2
Attitude
Attitude Scale
Bogus pipeline
Central route
an effective, evaluative reaction towards a person, place, is…
A multiple-item questionnaire designed to measure a person's…
a Phoney lie-detector device that is sometimes used to get re…
the process by which a person thinks carefully about a commun…
Attitude
an effective, evaluative reaction towards a person, place, is…
Attitude Scale
A multiple-item questionnaire designed to measure a person's…
15 terms
Social Psychology chapter 2
Social perception
Nonverbal communication
Encode
Decode
The study of how we format impressions of and make inferences…
The way I. Which people communicate, intentionally or uninten…
To express or emit nonverbal behavior, such as smiling or pat…
To interpret the meaning of the nonverbal behavior other peop…
Social perception
The study of how we format impressions of and make inferences…
Nonverbal communication
The way I. Which people communicate, intentionally or uninten…
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