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Study sets matching "spanish grammar"

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Study sets matching "spanish grammar"

13 terms
Spanish Grammar
Spanish
Cognate
Usted
Vosotros
...
when a word seem identical/ similar in both languages means t…
You (formal)i
Estáis
Spanish
...
Cognate
when a word seem identical/ similar in both languages means t…
81 terms
Spanish Grammar
Adjectives of quantity usually come __…
Adjectives that are descriptive usuall…
When an adjective speaks of a quality…
Comparisons of inequality
before. pocos libros, muchos libros
follow. casa blanca, chica alta
precedes. pocos libros, muchos libros
Más o menos que
Adjectives of quantity usually come __…
before. pocos libros, muchos libros
Adjectives that are descriptive usuall…
follow. casa blanca, chica alta
24 terms
Spanish Grammar
Preterite -ar endings
Preterite -er/-ir endings
Imperfect -ar endings
Imperfect -er/-ir endings
Preterite -ar endings
Preterite -er/-ir endings
Spanish Grammar
Subject Pronouns
present tense -AR VERB ENDINGS
present tense - ER/IR VERB ENDINGS
present tense - ESTAR=to be (PLACE - P…
I - yo... you (informal) - tú... he - él... she - ella... you (formal) -u…
-o... -as... -a... -amos... -áis... -an
-o... -es... -e... -emos/-imos... -éis/-ís... -en
estoy... estás... está... estamos... estáis... están
Subject Pronouns
I - yo... you (informal) - tú... he - él... she - ella... you (formal) -u…
present tense -AR VERB ENDINGS
-o... -as... -a... -amos... -áis... -an
79 terms
Practical Spanish Grammar -- Grammar
un (masculine indefinite article)
una (feminine indefinite article)
un señor, una señora
un hombre, una mujer, un gato, una gat…
a, an (masculine singular)
a, an (feminine singular)
a gentleman (Mr.), a lady (Mrs.)
a man, a woman, a [male] cat, a [female] cat, a boy, a girl
un (masculine indefinite article)
a, an (masculine singular)
una (feminine indefinite article)
a, an (feminine singular)
30 terms
Spanish Grammar
The women are from the United States.
How old are the girls from England?
Juan and Lupe are not from Spain.
Are they fifteen years old?
Las mujeres son de los Estados Unidos.
¿Cuántos años tienen las chicas de Inglaterra?
Juan y Lupe no son de España.
¿Tienen ellos quince años?
The women are from the United States.
Las mujeres son de los Estados Unidos.
How old are the girls from England?
¿Cuántos años tienen las chicas de Inglaterra?
155 terms
Spanish Grammar
-ar verb conjugation endings (order: y…
"ir" (to go) verb conjugation endings…
possessive adjectives (1 thing possess…
possessive adjective (2+ things posses…
o as a amos an
voy vas va vamos van
mi tu su nuestro sus
mis tus su nuestros sus
-ar verb conjugation endings (order: y…
o as a amos an
"ir" (to go) verb conjugation endings…
voy vas va vamos van
Spanish Grammar
Subject Pronouns
present tense -AR VERB ENDINGS
present tense - ER/IR VERB ENDINGS
present tense - ESTAR=to be (PLACE - P…
I - yo... you (informal) - tú... he - él... she - ella... you (formal) -u…
-o... -as... -a... -amos... -áis... -an
-o... -es... -e... -emos/-imos... -éis/-ís... -en
estoy... estás... está... estamos... estáis... están
Subject Pronouns
I - yo... you (informal) - tú... he - él... she - ella... you (formal) -u…
present tense -AR VERB ENDINGS
-o... -as... -a... -amos... -áis... -an
77 terms
Spanish grammar
el almuerzo
la clase
la clase de...
arte
lunch
the class
the class of...
art
el almuerzo
lunch
la clase
the class
SPANISH GRAMMAR
-o... -as... -a... -Amos... -àis... -an
Present -ER verbs
PRESENT OF CONTENER
Present -Ar verbs
Take away -ER and add:... -o... -es... -e... -emos... -éis... -en
contengo... Contienes... Contiene... Contenemos... Contenéis... Contienen
-o... -as... -a... -Amos... -àis... -an
Present -Ar verbs
Present -ER verbs
Take away -ER and add:... -o... -es... -e... -emos... -éis... -en
13 terms
****Spanish Grammar
Spanish
Cognate
Usted
Vosotros
...
when a word seem identical/ similar in both languages means t…
You (formal)i
Estáis
Spanish
...
Cognate
when a word seem identical/ similar in both languages means t…
13 terms
Spanish Grammar: words of location
¿Dónde?
al lado (de)
cerca (de)
lejos (de)
Where?
next to, beside
close to, near
far from
¿Dónde?
Where?
al lado (de)
next to, beside
24 terms
Spanish Grammar
Preterite -ar endings
Preterite -er/-ir endings
Imperfect -ar endings
Imperfect -er/-ir endings
Preterite -ar endings
Preterite -er/-ir endings
25 terms
Spanish Grammar
Haz
Ven
Di
Sal
make
Come
Say
Go
Haz
make
Ven
Come
96 terms
Spanish Grammar
Gender of Nouns I
Gender of Nouns II
Plural Forms of Nouns
Definite & Indefinite Articles
-Nouns describe a person, place, thing or idea.... -Most nouns i…
-Masculine nouns that end in a consonant often have a corresp…
-If a noun ends in a vowel, add -s.... -If a noun ends in a cons…
-Definite: Used when talking about something specific. (Ex: t…
Gender of Nouns I
-Nouns describe a person, place, thing or idea.... -Most nouns i…
Gender of Nouns II
-Masculine nouns that end in a consonant often have a corresp…
20 terms
spanish grammar
Preterite
preterite conjugations
Imperfect
imperfect conjugations
When to use:... -completed action in the past... -actions that move…
Regular:... Form -AR verbs... Yo -é... Tú -aste... El/ella/Usted -ó... N…
When to use:... -middle aspects of a story... -"were + -ing"... -"used…
Form -AR verbs... Yo -aba... Tú -abas... El/ella/Usted -aba... Nosotr…
Preterite
When to use:... -completed action in the past... -actions that move…
preterite conjugations
Regular:... Form -AR verbs... Yo -é... Tú -aste... El/ella/Usted -ó... N…
81 terms
Spanish Grammar
Adjectives of quantity usually come __…
Adjectives that are descriptive usuall…
When an adjective speaks of a quality…
Comparisons of inequality
before. pocos libros, muchos libros
follow. casa blanca, chica alta
precedes. pocos libros, muchos libros
Más o menos que
Adjectives of quantity usually come __…
before. pocos libros, muchos libros
Adjectives that are descriptive usuall…
follow. casa blanca, chica alta
17 terms
Spanish grammar
I
You
You formal
He
Yo
Tu
Usted
El
I
Yo
You
Tu
14 terms
Spanish Grammar: Commands
siéntense
levántense
caminen dos en dos
paren
sit down
stand up / get up
walk two by two
stop
siéntense
sit down
levántense
stand up / get up
6 terms
Spanish Grammar
-----------------Singular... Masculine... --…
-------------Singular... Feminine... -------…
🇪🇸🇪🇸🇪🇸🇪🇸🇪🇸🇪🇸🇪🇸🇪🇸🇪🇸🇪🇸🇪🇸🇪🇸🇪🇸🇪🇸🇪🇸🇪🇸
Masculine
El Chico | Un Chico... ---------------------- |-----------------…
La Chica | Una Chica... ---------------------|------------------…
🇪🇸🇪🇸🇪🇸🇪🇸🇪🇸🇪🇸🇪🇸🇪🇸🇪🇸🇪🇸🇪🇸🇪🇸🇪🇸🇪🇸🇪🇸🇪🇸
El chicO altO; los chicOS altOS
-----------------Singular... Masculine... --…
El Chico | Un Chico... ---------------------- |-----------------…
-------------Singular... Feminine... -------…
La Chica | Una Chica... ---------------------|------------------…
19 terms
Spanish grammar
Nunca
Nada
Siempre
Algo
Never
None
Always
Some
Nunca
Never
Nada
None
19 terms
SAT II Spanish Grammar
Subjuntivo Presente
Mandatos
Por/Para
Ser/Estar
Needs to be triggered by a WEIRDO word and a "que"... Wishes... Emo…
Formal : (Usted/Ustedes) When talking to adults/clients/patie…
POR= DREAMS... Duration... Reason or motive... Emotion... An Exchange... Mo…
Ser = DOCTOR ... Estar = PLACE
Subjuntivo Presente
Needs to be triggered by a WEIRDO word and a "que"... Wishes... Emo…
Mandatos
Formal : (Usted/Ustedes) When talking to adults/clients/patie…
92 terms
Spanish grammar
Comparatives & superlatives
Alta/o
Baja/o
Famosa/o
...
Tall
Small
Famous
Comparatives & superlatives
...
Alta/o
Tall
36 terms
Spanish Grammar
el hombre que volaba un poquito charac…
why did the boss fire susana
present perfect "ar"
present perfect "er"
susana, anselmo, suso, jefe
she told him to shut up and that he was an idiot
he comprado, has comprado, ha, hemos, habeis, han.
he bebido, has bebido, ha, hemos, habeis, han.
el hombre que volaba un poquito charac…
susana, anselmo, suso, jefe
why did the boss fire susana
she told him to shut up and that he was an idiot
62 terms
Spanish Grammar
Fui
Fuiste
Fue
Fuimos
I went
You went
He/she/Ud went
We went
Fui
I went
Fuiste
You went
13 terms
Spanish grammar
preterite -ar verbs... hablar
preterite -er verbs... comer
I spoke
you, he, she spoke
yo hablé... tú hablaste... él, ella, utd. habló... nosotros hamblamos…
yo comí... tú comiste... él, ella, ud. comió... nosotros comimos... ellos…
hablé
habló
preterite -ar verbs... hablar
yo hablé... tú hablaste... él, ella, utd. habló... nosotros hamblamos…
preterite -er verbs... comer
yo comí... tú comiste... él, ella, ud. comió... nosotros comimos... ellos…
10 terms
Spanish grammar
dar
forms of dar
decir
forms of decir
to give
doy, das, da, damos, dan
to say
digo, dices, dice, decimos, dicen
dar
to give
forms of dar
doy, das, da, damos, dan
67 terms
Spanish Grammar
Abburido
Activo
Alto
Antipático
Abburido
Activo
5 terms
Spanish Grammar
Tener
Estar
-ar
ser
to have... -Yo.... tengo... -Tu ....tienes... -el,ella... tiene... -noso…
To be... -estoy... -estas... -esta... -estamos... -estais... -estan
drop -ar and add........ - o... -as... -a... -amus... - ais... -an
to be... -soy... -eres... -es... -somos... -son
Tener
to have... -Yo.... tengo... -Tu ....tienes... -el,ella... tiene... -noso…
Estar
To be... -estoy... -estas... -esta... -estamos... -estais... -estan
20 terms
spanish grammar
I eat
You were working
We went
I was
Como
trabajaba
Fuimos
era
I eat
Como
You were working
trabajaba
312 terms
Midterm grammar review- Spanish 3
prefiero
dormimos
sirven
juegan
I prefer
we sleep
they serve
they play
prefiero
I prefer
dormimos
we sleep
10 terms
Spanish Grammar
Preterit endings for -ar verbs
Preterit endings for -er/-ir verbs
Preterit irregulars with y in the so…
-ir stem changing verbs
only in the sole of the boot
Preterit endings for -ar verbs
Preterit endings for -er/-ir verbs
12 terms
Spanish Grammar
I
He
She
You (Formal Plural)
Yo
él
ella
ustedes
I
Yo
He
él
67 terms
Spanish Grammar
el ajederez
aburrido
activo
alto
el ajederez
aburrido
26 terms
Spanish Grammar
alto(a)
bajo(a)
grande
pequeño(a)
tall
short
big
small
alto(a)
tall
bajo(a)
short
16 terms
Spanish Grammar
Indirect Object Pronouns
Imperfect Tense
Había
Hubo
me, te, le, nos, os, les
desription, recuring actions, location, emotion/feelings, age…
used to describe a situation that exsisted in the past.
used to say that an event took place.
Indirect Object Pronouns
me, te, le, nos, os, les
Imperfect Tense
desription, recuring actions, location, emotion/feelings, age…
12 terms
Spanish Grammar
-ar conjugations
-er conjugations
-ir conjugations
Stem Changing Rules (Present Tense)
Yo: -o... Tú: -as... Ud: -a... nosotros: -amos... vosotros: -áis... Uds: -an
Yo: -o... Tú: -es... Ud: -e... nosotros: -emos... vosotros: -éis... Uds: -en
Yo: -o... Tú: -es... Ud: -e... nosotros: -imos... vosotros: -ís... Uds: -en
1. e -> ie... 2. o -> ue ... 3. e -> i... *nos/vos do not change
-ar conjugations
Yo: -o... Tú: -as... Ud: -a... nosotros: -amos... vosotros: -áis... Uds: -an
-er conjugations
Yo: -o... Tú: -es... Ud: -e... nosotros: -emos... vosotros: -éis... Uds: -en
24 terms
Spanish Grammar 1 - Additional Grammar
estudiar
planear
cuidar
llegar
To study
To plan
To look after
To arrive
estudiar
To study
planear
To plan
68 terms
Spanish Grammar
abburido(a)
active(a)
alto(a)
antipático(a)
...
...
...
abburido(a)
active(a)
...
46 terms
Spanish 1 Final grammar
soy
eres
el es
ella es
I am (ser)
you are (ser)
he is (ser)
she is (ser)
soy
I am (ser)
eres
you are (ser)
21 terms
Spanish Grammar
Verbs with -ar
Verbs with -er and -ir
Present Perfect - I have
Past Perfect - I had gone
-ado
-ido
Yo he ... Tu has... el ha... Nosotros hemos... ellos han
Yo había... Tú habías... El había... Nosotros habíamos... Ellos habían
Verbs with -ar
-ado
Verbs with -er and -ir
-ido
26 terms
Spanish grammar
Ser
Estar
Yo (conjugate ser)
Tu (conjugate ser)
Permanet
Temporary
Soy
eres
Ser
Permanet
Estar
Temporary
22 terms
Spanish Grammar
Preterit endings for -ar verbs
Preterit endings for -er/-ir verbs
Preterit irregulars with y in the so…
decir/traer preterit
decir = dij_... traer = traj_
Preterit endings for -ar verbs
Preterit endings for -er/-ir verbs
44 terms
Spanish Grammar
A ellos/ellas les gusta....
alquilar vidoes
el básquetbol
el béisbol
They like to...
A ellos/ellas les gusta....
They like to...
alquilar vidoes
13 terms
Spanish Grammar
Modo indicativo
Modo Subjuntivo... Conceptos hipotéticos…
Modo Condicional
Modo Imperativo
1. Presente... 2. Pretérito imperfecto... 3. Pretérito indefinido /…
1. Presente ( no se indica el hecho sino la opinión) Ex. Llue…
Expresar incertidumbre... Ex. Si yo comiera más, estaría muy gor…
1. Afirmativo... ( ¡ Canta ! , siéntese usted )... 2. Negativo ... ( ¡…
Modo indicativo
1. Presente... 2. Pretérito imperfecto... 3. Pretérito indefinido /…
Modo Subjuntivo... Conceptos hipotéticos…
1. Presente ( no se indica el hecho sino la opinión) Ex. Llue…
48 terms
spanish grammar
el
la
los
las
the (man singular)
the (woman singular)
the (man plural)
the (woman plural)
el
the (man singular)
la
the (woman singular)
15 terms
Spanish grammar
yo
usted
él
I
you (familiar)
you (polite)
he
yo
I
you (familiar)
57 terms
Spanish grammar+
nieta
nieto
sobrino/a
tío/a
granddaughter
grandson
nephwe/niece
uncle/aunt
nieta
granddaughter
nieto
grandson
125 terms
Spanish 2 Final Grammar
Subject Pronouns
Telling time and date
Ser conjugations
Adjective Agreement
Yo, tú, él, ella usted, ellos, ellas, ustedes
Es mediodia, es medionoche, es la uña(1:00-1:59), Son las...
Soy/eres/es/somos/son
Ex: piñas rojas
Subject Pronouns
Yo, tú, él, ella usted, ellos, ellas, ustedes
Telling time and date
Es mediodia, es medionoche, es la uña(1:00-1:59), Son las...
62 terms
grammar for spanish
preterite er/ir
preterite ar
imperfect endings ar
imperfect er/ir
í... iste ... ió... imos... isteis ... ieron
é... aste... ó... Amos... asteis... aron
aba... abas... ábamos... abáis... aban
Ía... ías... ía... íamos... Ías... ían
preterite er/ir
í... iste ... ió... imos... isteis ... ieron
preterite ar
é... aste... ó... Amos... asteis... aron
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