Study sets matching "spanish iv honors chapter 8"

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Study sets matching "spanish iv honors chapter 8"

Biology Honors Chapter 8
Synapsis
tetrad
Crossing over
Genetic recombination
The pairing of Homologous chromosomes
Each pair of Homologous chromosomes
When chromatids break off and attach to adjacent chromatids
When new genetic material is created
Synapsis
The pairing of Homologous chromosomes
tetrad
Each pair of Homologous chromosomes
11 terms
Chapter 8 Honors Bio
basophil
eosinophil
neutrophil
lymphocyte
release "heparin" - prevent blood from clotting
remove poisonous substances
engulf pathogens
cytotoxic killer (killer T cell) helper T cell, suppressor ce…
basophil
release "heparin" - prevent blood from clotting
eosinophil
remove poisonous substances
31 terms
Biology Honors Chapter 8
Cells
Chromosomes
Chromatin
Replication Origins
The basic units of living organisms
Structures found in dividing eukaryotic cell nuclei that carr…
Long strands of DNA wrapped around proteins in the nuclei of…
Specific DNA sequences that initiate DNA synthesis
Cells
The basic units of living organisms
Chromosomes
Structures found in dividing eukaryotic cell nuclei that carr…
26 terms
Chapter 8 - Honors Gov.
Political party
Party-centered politics
Candidate-centered politics
Party competition
An ongoing coalition of interests joined together in an effor…
Republican and Democratic parties compete across the country…
Individual candidates devise their own strategies, choose the…
Narrows options to two and in the process enables people with…
Political party
An ongoing coalition of interests joined together in an effor…
Party-centered politics
Republican and Democratic parties compete across the country…
10 terms
Honors Physics chapter 8
Heat (Q)
Thermal energy
1 cal ... 1 Cal
Temperature
Thermal energy that is absorbed, released, transferred
Total Ek and Ep of particles
4.18 joules ... 1000 cal
Average kinetic nervy of particles; determines the direction…
Heat (Q)
Thermal energy that is absorbed, released, transferred
Thermal energy
Total Ek and Ep of particles
Honors bio chapter 8
Phases of mitosis
Spindle poles
Cell cycle
Mitosis
Interphase, prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase
Protein structure surrounding each centriole
Eukaryotic cell division that proceeds in a series of stages
The sorting and distributing of chromosomes
Phases of mitosis
Interphase, prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase
Spindle poles
Protein structure surrounding each centriole
24 terms
chapter 8 honors geometry
circumscribed
circumcircle
circumcenter
concurrent
a circle that contains all the vertices of a polygon is _____…
when a circle goes through all the vertices of the polygon th…
the center of the circumcircle is called the ________ of the…
three or more lines are __________ if they intersect at the s…
circumscribed
a circle that contains all the vertices of a polygon is _____…
circumcircle
when a circle goes through all the vertices of the polygon th…
33 terms
Chapter 8: Honors Biology
Energy
Thermodynamics
1st Law of Thermodynamics
2nd Law of Thermodynamics
The ability to do work
the study of the flow and transformation of energy in the uni…
the law of conservation of energy, which states that energy c…
states that energy cannot be converted without the loss of of…
Energy
The ability to do work
Thermodynamics
the study of the flow and transformation of energy in the uni…
Chapter 8 Honors Bio
autotrophs
photoautotrophs
heterotrophs
sources of energy
organisms that produce their own food
autotrophs that produce their own food using the sun
organisms that consume food for energy
light, heat, electricity are the sources and living things re…
autotrophs
organisms that produce their own food
photoautotrophs
autotrophs that produce their own food using the sun
42 terms
Honors Bio Chapter 8
genetics
monohybrid cross
true-breeding
P generation (parental)
the branch of biology that focuses on on heredity
a cross that involves one pair of contrasting traits
all of the offspring would display only one form of the chara…
the first two individuals that are crossed in a breeding expe…
genetics
the branch of biology that focuses on on heredity
monohybrid cross
a cross that involves one pair of contrasting traits
132 terms
Honors Bio Chapter 8
remember that ______ is filled with __…
in human cells DNA can consist of up t…
in eukaryotic cells, during ________ _…
chromosomes are rod-shaped structures…
DNA, genetic information
6 billion
cell division, chromosomes
DNA molecule and proteins
remember that ______ is filled with __…
DNA, genetic information
in human cells DNA can consist of up t…
6 billion
106 terms
Honors Bio Chapter 8
During ____ _____, carbohydrates, fats…
___ provides an immediate source of en…
When the (#)__ phosphate group is remo…
___ will be converted back to ATP in a…
cellular respiration
ATP
3rd
ADP
During ____ _____, carbohydrates, fats…
cellular respiration
___ provides an immediate source of en…
ATP
33 terms
Honors Chem Chapter 8
Diatomic molecules
Molecule
Covalent Bond
Single Covalent Bond
-form in pairs (because molecules are more stable than for th…
-the general name of a compound formed when two or more atoms…
-weaker than ionic or metallic ... (properties: low mp, soft)... -v…
- one e- pair shared ... (sigma bonds only)
Diatomic molecules
-form in pairs (because molecules are more stable than for th…
Molecule
-the general name of a compound formed when two or more atoms…
Chapter 8 Splash Ammo (Spanish III Honors)
at the same time
advances
to change
competent
a la vez
los adelantos
cambiar
competente
at the same time
a la vez
advances
los adelantos
14 terms
Honors Environmental: Chapter 8-Natalie Schilling
Population
Density
Dispersion
Growth Rate
A group of organisms of the same species that live in a speci…
Number of individuals of the same species that live in a spec…
The pattern of distribution of organisms in a population.... Ex…
An expression of the increase in the size of an organism or p…
Population
A group of organisms of the same species that live in a speci…
Density
Number of individuals of the same species that live in a spec…
Honors Geometry Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Simplifying Radicals
Perfect Squares
Dividing Radicals Rule
Sine
Factor out the largest common factor
4, 9, 16, 25, 36, 49, 64, 81, 100, 121, 144
You can't have a radical in the denominator.
Opposite/hypotenuse
Simplifying Radicals
Factor out the largest common factor
Perfect Squares
4, 9, 16, 25, 36, 49, 64, 81, 100, 121, 144
12 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 8
Interphase
G1 Stage
S Stage
G2 Stage
Period of time between cell divisions ... Includes G1, G2, and S…
Cell recovers from the previous division ... Period of time in w…
Period of time during which DNA replication occurs so chromos…
Period of time after S stage and before the M Stage during wh…
Interphase
Period of time between cell divisions ... Includes G1, G2, and S…
G1 Stage
Cell recovers from the previous division ... Period of time in w…
43 terms
honors geometry chapter 8
convex
concave
regular polygon
exterior angle of a triangle
a polygon where any 2 vertices can be connected by a segment…
a polygon that has an interior angle greater than 180 degrees
a polygon that is equilateral and equilangular
forms a linear pair with the interior angle
convex
a polygon where any 2 vertices can be connected by a segment…
concave
a polygon that has an interior angle greater than 180 degrees
45 terms
Spanish III honors: chapter 8 section 1
absurdo(a)
el acto
el análisis
el antecedente
absurd
act
analysis
background event
absurdo(a)
absurd
el acto
act
7 terms
Honors Chemistry chapter 8
Linear
Bent
Trigonal planar
Trigonal pyramidal
180
104.5
120
107.3
Linear
180
Bent
104.5
Honors Bio Chapter 8
binary fission
interphase
gap phase
synthesis/s-phase
Prokaryotic cell division "cracks"
period between divisions
growth and if given signal prep for s-phase
Copies genomes into multiple, linear chromosomes
binary fission
Prokaryotic cell division "cracks"
interphase
period between divisions
Biology Honors Chapter 8
Chromosome
Histone
Chromatid
Centromere
A threadlike, gene-carrying structure found in the nucleus.
Protein molecule around which DNA is tightly coiled in chroma…
One of two identical "sister" parts of a duplicated chromosome.
Area where the chromatids of a chromosome are attached.
Chromosome
A threadlike, gene-carrying structure found in the nucleus.
Histone
Protein molecule around which DNA is tightly coiled in chroma…
22 terms
honors chem chapter 8
soluble
solution
solvent
solute
Capable of being dissolved
A homogeneous mixture of two or more substances
A liquid substance capable of dissolving other substances
A substance that is dissolved in a solution.
soluble
Capable of being dissolved
solution
A homogeneous mixture of two or more substances
Honors Chemistry Chapter 8
Noble gases are ______ which means the…
What information does a molecular form…
Ionic bonds form when combining elemen…
Covalent bonds from when elements ____…
monoatomic; atoms
A molecular formula shows how many atoms of each element a su…
gain or lose
share
Noble gases are ______ which means the…
monoatomic; atoms
What information does a molecular form…
A molecular formula shows how many atoms of each element a su…
Geometry Honors Chapter 8
Polygon Interior Angle Theorem
Polygon Exterior Angles Theorem
Definition of a Parallelogram
Parallelogram: Opposite Sides
The sum of a convex n-gon's interior angle measures is (n-2)…
The sum of the measures of the exterior angles of a convex po…
A quadrilateral with two pairs of parallel sides.
They are congruent AND parallel.
Polygon Interior Angle Theorem
The sum of a convex n-gon's interior angle measures is (n-2)…
Polygon Exterior Angles Theorem
The sum of the measures of the exterior angles of a convex po…
Honors Geo Chapter 8
Geometric Mean
30-60-90 Triangle
45-45-90 Triangle
Law of Sins
a=x... - -... x b
Hyp.= 2 times short length ... Long= square root of 3 times short
Legs are =... Hyp. = square root of 2 times leg
SinA/a=SinB/b=SinC/c
Geometric Mean
a=x... - -... x b
30-60-90 Triangle
Hyp.= 2 times short length ... Long= square root of 3 times short
28 terms
Spanish III Honors: chapter 8 section 2
el accesorio
el (la) acomodador(a)
aplaudir
el diálogo
accessory
usher
to clap
dialog
el accesorio
accessory
el (la) acomodador(a)
usher
7 terms
Honors 130H Chapter 8
Free Radical
Production of Free Radicals
Free Radicals can cause damage to:
Diseases linked to Free Radicals
Atom that has an unpaired electron;
many metabolic processes with oxidation reactions;... pollution…
cell membranes... low-density lipoproteins... proteins in the cell…
Cancer, Heart Disease, T2D, Arthritis, Cataracts, Alzheimers,…
Free Radical
Atom that has an unpaired electron;
Production of Free Radicals
many metabolic processes with oxidation reactions;... pollution…
41 terms
Chemistry Honors Chapter 8
diatomic molecules
molecule
molecular compound
Molecular formula
anything that's 7 on 7 including hydrogen
a neutral group of atoms joined together
a molecule that is made up of different elements, like water…
this shows us how many atoms of each element a molecule conta…
diatomic molecules
anything that's 7 on 7 including hydrogen
molecule
a neutral group of atoms joined together
55 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 8
Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA)
Nucleotide
Nitrogenous Base
Pyrimidine
...
...
...
...
Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA)
...
Nucleotide
...
47 terms
Honors Bio chapter 8
Mitosis
Meiosis
46
23
Growth and repair of the body
Makes reproductive cells
Humans usually have a total of how many chromosomes
Humans usually have how many pairs of chromosomes
Mitosis
Growth and repair of the body
Meiosis
Makes reproductive cells
20 terms
Chapter 8 Bio Honors
Cell Division
Chromosome
Asexual Reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
The reproduction of a cell through duplication of the genome…
A threadlike, gene-carrying structure found in the nucleus of…
The creation of genetically identical offspring by a single p…
The creation of genetically unique offspring by the fusion of…
Cell Division
The reproduction of a cell through duplication of the genome…
Chromosome
A threadlike, gene-carrying structure found in the nucleus of…
32 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 8
DNA
chromosome
gene
alleles
double-helix nucleic acid; organism's genetic material
gene-carrying structure in nucleus of a eukaryotic cell; main…
discrete unit of hereditary information; segment of DNA that…
alternate version of a gene
DNA
double-helix nucleic acid; organism's genetic material
chromosome
gene-carrying structure in nucleus of a eukaryotic cell; main…
16 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 8
Atom
Electrons
Protons
Neutrons
the smallest particle of an element that retains the properti…
Negatively charged subatomic particles
Positively charged subatomic particles
Subatomic particles with no charge
Atom
the smallest particle of an element that retains the properti…
Electrons
Negatively charged subatomic particles
Chapter 8 Honors Biology
Cell division
Chromosomes
Asexual reproduction
Sexual reproduction
Cell reproduction that creates two daughter cells
The structures that today most of the cell's DNA
Reproduction with out egg fertilization which involved cells…
Requires fertilization of an egg by a sperm
Cell division
Cell reproduction that creates two daughter cells
Chromosomes
The structures that today most of the cell's DNA
46 terms
Chapter 8 Honors Biology
Cell division
Chromosomes
Asexual reproduction
Sexual reproduction
Cell reproduction that creates two daughter cells
The structures that today most of the cell's DNA
Reproduction with out egg fertilization which involved cells…
Requires fertilization of an egg by a sperm
Cell division
Cell reproduction that creates two daughter cells
Chromosomes
The structures that today most of the cell's DNA
Honors Chemistry Chapter 8
Catalysts
Synthesis Reaction
Decomposition Reaction
Cationic... Single Replacement
Make the reaction occur more quickly and provides a "meeting…
A+B -> AB
AB -> A + B
AB + C -> CB + A
Catalysts
Make the reaction occur more quickly and provides a "meeting…
Synthesis Reaction
A+B -> AB
15 terms
Honors Geometry Chapter 8
Ratio
proportion
Means extremes product theorem
Means extremes ratio theorem
quotient of two numbers
equation where two or more rations are equal
If a/b=c/d then ad=bc
If ad=bc then a/b=c/d
Ratio
quotient of two numbers
proportion
equation where two or more rations are equal
27 terms
Honors Geometry Chapter 8
Trapezoid, parallelogram, rectangle, r…
Rhombus and square
Isosceles trapezoid, rectangle, and sq…
Square and rectangle
1 pair of opposite sides are parallel
All Sides congruent
Diagonals congruent
All angles 90 degrees
Trapezoid, parallelogram, rectangle, r…
1 pair of opposite sides are parallel
Rhombus and square
All Sides congruent
Chapter 8 Honors Biology
Chromosome
Histone
Chromatid
Chromatin
In a eukaryotic cell, one of the structures in the nucleus th…
A type of protein molecule found in the chromosomes of eukary…
One of the two strands of a chromosome that become visible du…
The region of the chromosome that holds the two sister chroma…
Chromosome
In a eukaryotic cell, one of the structures in the nucleus th…
Histone
A type of protein molecule found in the chromosomes of eukary…
10 terms
Chapter 8 honors vocab
attrition
circumvent
cohesive
grievous
natural loss of individual
to avoid
connected
terrible
attrition
natural loss of individual
circumvent
to avoid
Honors Chemistry- Chapter 8
Linear
Bent
Trigonal Planar
Trigonal Pyramidal
180. Conected to two elements. No dots on center atom.
104.5. Connected to two elements. Dots on the center atom.
120. Connected to three elements. No dots on the center atom.
107.3. Connected to three elements. Dots on the center atom.
Linear
180. Conected to two elements. No dots on center atom.
Bent
104.5. Connected to two elements. Dots on the center atom.
33 terms
Honors Chem Chapter 8
covalent bonds
diatomic molecules
H, O, N, F, Cl, Br, I
octet rule
sharing pairs of electrons
a molecule consisting of two atoms, never found alone in nature
diatomic molecules
electron sharing occurs so that the atoms attain noble gas co…
covalent bonds
sharing pairs of electrons
diatomic molecules
a molecule consisting of two atoms, never found alone in nature
33 terms
honors geometry chapter 8
a segment that joins two nonconsecutiv…
the sum of the measures of the interio…
The sum of the measures of the interio…
the sum of the measures of the exterio…
diagonal
Polygon Interior Angles Theorem
Interior Angles of a Quadrilateral Theorem
Polygon Exterior Angles Theorem
a segment that joins two nonconsecutiv…
diagonal
the sum of the measures of the interio…
Polygon Interior Angles Theorem
Chapter 8 Honors CHEM
Types of Chemical Reactions
Decomposition
Synthesis
Combustion
Types of Chemical Reactions
Substances break up when energy is supplied, Energy can be he…
two or more substances combine to form one new substance, mor…
Hydrocarbons burning in the air with oxygen, organic compound…
Types of Chemical Reactions
Types of Chemical Reactions
Decomposition
Substances break up when energy is supplied, Energy can be he…
22 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 8
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
binary fission
G1, S, G2, and M
genes from one parent, offspring identical to parent
inherits unique sets of genes from 2 parents, similar to pare…
how do prokaryotes reproduce
what are the checkpoints of the cell cycle?
asexual reproduction
genes from one parent, offspring identical to parent
sexual reproduction
inherits unique sets of genes from 2 parents, similar to pare…
23 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 8
Nutrition
Nutrients
Functions of Nutritents
Diet
Life process that includes:... 1. obtaining food... 2. using it to…
substances in food needed by organisms
1. Acts as fuels to provide for all the life activities of ce…
kinds and amounts of food that an organism consumes to obtain…
Nutrition
Life process that includes:... 1. obtaining food... 2. using it to…
Nutrients
substances in food needed by organisms
44 terms
Chapter 8: Biology Honors
Heterotrophs
Autotrophs
Photosynthesis
Energy
get food by consuming (eating) other organisms
use energy in the sunlight to make their own food
process that uses light energy to produce food molecules or p…
(E) is the ability to do work
Heterotrophs
get food by consuming (eating) other organisms
Autotrophs
use energy in the sunlight to make their own food
Biology Honors Chapter 8
Histones
Nonhistones
Chromatid
Centromere
Proteins in which the DNA in eukaryotic cells wrap around
Proteins involved in controlling the activity of specific reg…
Each half of the chromosome
The constricted area that holds the chromatids together
Histones
Proteins in which the DNA in eukaryotic cells wrap around
Nonhistones
Proteins involved in controlling the activity of specific reg…
47 terms
Chapter 8 honors anatomy
Plane joint
Hinge joint
Pivot joint
Condyloid joint
Nonaxial, flat articular surfaces, allow only short gliding o…
Uniaxial, cylindrical projection of one bone fits into a trou…
Uniaxial, rounded end of one bone protrudes into a "sleeve" o…
Biaxial, the oval articular surface of one bone fits into a c…
Plane joint
Nonaxial, flat articular surfaces, allow only short gliding o…
Hinge joint
Uniaxial, cylindrical projection of one bone fits into a trou…
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