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Study sets matching "spanish language chapter 10"

46 terms
Chapter 10: Language
phoneme
morpheme
content morpheme
function morpheme
smallest unit of sound in language... - roughly correspond to al…
smallest unit of meaning in a word (e.g., the word boys has t…
morpheme that carries the main semantic and referential conte…
morpheme that, while adding such content as time, mode, indiv…
phoneme
smallest unit of sound in language... - roughly correspond to al…
morpheme
smallest unit of meaning in a word (e.g., the word boys has t…
39 terms
Chapter 10 Spanish Vocab
el cine
la taquilla, la boletería.
la entrada, el boleta
la sesión
movie theater
Ticket booth
entrance
show
el cine
movie theater
la taquilla, la boletería.
Ticket booth
26 terms
Chapter 10- Language and Thought
Cognition
Language
Phonemes
Morphemes
mental process of thinking
Symbols that convey meaning plus rules of combining those sym…
Smallest speech units that distinguish perceptually
Smallest units of meaning in language
Cognition
mental process of thinking
Language
Symbols that convey meaning plus rules of combining those sym…
35 terms
Chapter 10: The Thinking Mind - Thinking, Language, and Intelligence
cognition
The mind uses symbols to
concepts
concept formation
Internal mental processes including information processing, t…
signify information
An organizing principle derived from experience.
Describe a dog as "a domesticated carnivorous mammal (Canis f…
cognition
Internal mental processes including information processing, t…
The mind uses symbols to
signify information
10 terms
Language Vocabulary Chapter 10
Donor
Apprehensive
Phobia
Prudent
A person who gives or contributes
Frighten; uneasy; anxious
A continuing, abnormally extreme fear of a particular situati…
Cautious; careful; wise
Donor
A person who gives or contributes
Apprehensive
Frighten; uneasy; anxious
27 terms
Thinking and Language (Chapter 10)
cognition
concept
prototype
algorithm
The mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, reme…
A mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people.
A mental image or best example of a category.
A methodical, logical rule or procedure that guarantees solvi…
cognition
The mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, reme…
concept
A mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people.
Chapter 10 Thinking and Language
cognition
concept
prototype
algorithm
the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, reme…
a mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people
a mental image or best example of a category
a methodical, logical rule or procedure that guarantees solvi…
cognition
the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, reme…
concept
a mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people
27 terms
Chapter 10 Thinking & Language
cognition
concept
prototype
algorithm
all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,…
a mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or peopl…
a mental image or best example of a category. Matching new it…
a methodical, logical rule or procedure that guarantees solvi…
cognition
all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,…
concept
a mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or peopl…
Chapter 10- Language and the Brain
psycholinguistics
parallel processing
bottom-up processing
top-down processing
the area of linguistics concerned with linguistic performance…
successful language comprehension requires that a lot of oper…
moves step-by-step from the incoming signal (acoustic or visu…
the listener relies on higher-level semantic, syntactic, and…
psycholinguistics
the area of linguistics concerned with linguistic performance…
parallel processing
successful language comprehension requires that a lot of oper…
The Outsiders Chapter 10- Figurative Language
Irony 1
Flashback 1
Flashback 2
Figurative language 1
Dally died because he actually cared about someone and that s…
When Ponyboy remembers what it was like to wake up in the mor…
On page 156 it says "And then I remembered. Dallas and Johnny…
On page 152 it says " 'he ran out like the devil was after hi…
Irony 1
Dally died because he actually cared about someone and that s…
Flashback 1
When Ponyboy remembers what it was like to wake up in the mor…
130 terms
Exploring Medical Language Chapter 10
heart
right and left atrium
right and left ventricle
atrial septum
muscular cone-shaped organ the size of a fist, located behind…
upper chambers of the heart
lower chambers of the heart
separates the atria chambers of the heart from one another
heart
muscular cone-shaped organ the size of a fist, located behind…
right and left atrium
upper chambers of the heart
27 terms
Myers Chapter 10 - Thinking and Language
cognition
concept
prototype
algorithm
all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,…
a mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or peopl…
a mental image or best example of a category. (Myers Psycholo…
a methodical, logical rule or procedure that guarantees solvi…
cognition
all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,…
concept
a mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or peopl…
130 terms
Exploring Medical Language Chapter 10
heart
right and left atrium
right and left ventricle
atrial septum
muscular cone-shaped organ the size of a fist, located behind…
upper chambers of the heart
lower chambers of the heart
separates the atria chambers of the heart from one another
heart
muscular cone-shaped organ the size of a fist, located behind…
right and left atrium
upper chambers of the heart
Chapter 10 Exploring Medical Language
heart
valves
pericardium
visceral pericardium
organ lying behind sternum and between lungs consisting of fo…
structures that regulate the flow of blood through heart cham…
two-layered sac containing heart
part of sac lying next to heart
heart
organ lying behind sternum and between lungs consisting of fo…
valves
structures that regulate the flow of blood through heart cham…
20 terms
Chapter 10--Using Language Well
Alliteration
Antithesis
Clichés
Colloquialisms
The repetition of the initial sounds of words.
Rhetorical strategy that uses contrasting statements in order…
Phrases or expressions that, because of overuse, have lost th…
Words or phrases used in informal speech but not typically us…
Alliteration
The repetition of the initial sounds of words.
Antithesis
Rhetorical strategy that uses contrasting statements in order…
69 terms
Chapter 10 Spanish II
acostarse
despertarse
prepararse
divertirse
acostarse
despertarse
30 terms
The Language of Medicine, Chabner, Chapter 10
cerebell/o
cerebr/o
dur/o
encephal/o
cerebellum
cerebrum
dura mater
brain
cerebell/o
cerebellum
cerebr/o
cerebrum
30 terms
Child Language - Chapter 10 (Language)
language
communication
vocables
psycholinguists
small number of individually meaningless symbols (sounds lett…
the process by which one organism transmits information to an…
unique patterns of sound that pre linguistic infants use to r…
those who study the structure and development of children's l…
language
small number of individually meaningless symbols (sounds lett…
communication
the process by which one organism transmits information to an…
29 terms
chapter 10 Language
sentences
morphemes
phonemes
voicing
A sequence of words that conforms to the rules of syntax
The smallest unit of language that carries meaning.
The basic categories of sound that are used to convey languag…
One of the properties that distinguishes different categories…
sentences
A sequence of words that conforms to the rules of syntax
morphemes
The smallest unit of language that carries meaning.
10 terms
Chapter 10 Language Vocabulary
babbling
grammar
innate language aquitsition device
morpheme
The stage of speech development in which the infant utters va…
A system of rules that enables us to communicate with and und…
Chompsky's theory that we are born with a way to help childre…
The smallest sound unit that carries a meaning, a word or a p…
babbling
The stage of speech development in which the infant utters va…
grammar
A system of rules that enables us to communicate with and und…
55 terms
Chapter 10: Language
the organization of language
sentences
phoneme
morpheme
relies on patterns ... -language is heriarchial
coherent sequences of words that express the intended meaning…
smallest unit of language
smallest unit of sound with meaning (includes prefixes)
the organization of language
relies on patterns ... -language is heriarchial
sentences
coherent sequences of words that express the intended meaning…
6 terms
Chapter 10 language
Pyro
En
Chrome(others like chromo , chromato e…
Gyn
Fire
Made of
Color
Women
Pyro
Fire
En
Made of
14 terms
Chapter 10 Terms - Language
Phonology
Syntax
Phonemes
Phones
Sounds
How language is produced in word order. (order of words)
Speech sound that a native speaker classifies
Speech sound as it really is - as a linguist classifies it.
Phonology
Sounds
Syntax
How language is produced in word order. (order of words)
31 terms
Language chapter 10
what is language?
Purpose of language
Phonemes
morphemes
consists of the use of symbols to represent, transmit, and st…
to communicate information and meaning to others.
the smallest unit of sound... vowels and consonants
the smallest meaningful unit of sound ... words and meaningful p…
what is language?
consists of the use of symbols to represent, transmit, and st…
Purpose of language
to communicate information and meaning to others.
25 terms
Chapter 10 Language
indirect object
object of a preposition
direct object
case
tells to or for whom or what an action is done
is the noun/pronoun that follows a preposition
is the noun/pronoun that tells who/what receives the action/v…
is the form a noun/pronoun takes to show the relationship it…
indirect object
tells to or for whom or what an action is done
object of a preposition
is the noun/pronoun that follows a preposition
31 terms
Chapter 10: Language
Language
Phoneme
Morpheme
Syntax
A communication in which a limited number of symbols can be c…
Sound system of language ... Basic unit of sound... Corresponds to…
Smallest unit of language that carries meaning
The order of words in a sentence.... Getting meaning from ... adje…
Language
A communication in which a limited number of symbols can be c…
Phoneme
Sound system of language ... Basic unit of sound... Corresponds to…
51 terms
Language Files Chapter 10
language variety
idiolect
accent
a-prefixing
any form of language characterized by systematic features
the language variety of an individual speaker
systematic phonological variation inherent in any person's sp…
the process of attaching the prefix "a-" to the beginning of…
language variety
any form of language characterized by systematic features
idiolect
the language variety of an individual speaker
28 terms
language chapter 10
cognition
concept
prototype
algorithm
the mental activities associated with thinking knowing rememb…
the mental grouping of similar objects events ideas or people
a mental image or best example of a category. matching new it…
methodical logical rule or procedure that guarantees solving…
cognition
the mental activities associated with thinking knowing rememb…
concept
the mental grouping of similar objects events ideas or people
17 terms
The Study of Language: Chapter 10 - Pragmatics
physical context
deixis
Reference
inference
the situation, time or place in which words are used... i.e. "ba…
pointing expressions -> words that have no meaning without co…
to identify a person or object the speaker (or writer) gives…
An inference is additional information used by the listener t…
physical context
the situation, time or place in which words are used... i.e. "ba…
deixis
pointing expressions -> words that have no meaning without co…
Language Development, Chapter 10
Academic (oral) language characteristics
Importance of literacy
big differences between spoken and wri…
deep orthography
more formal... more linguistically demanding... • abstract... • monolo…
• Crucial to academic success... high school drop out rate high…
Language is more inherent, LITERACY more SECONDARY/SPECIALIZE…
• Grapheme ≠ Phoneme... • Alphabet (graphemes):... 21 consonants…
Academic (oral) language characteristics
more formal... more linguistically demanding... • abstract... • monolo…
Importance of literacy
• Crucial to academic success... high school drop out rate high…
32 terms
Normal Language: Chapter 10
Academic Language
Extended discourse
Paradigmantic mode
Narrative mode
A talk that focuses on phenomena that are not immediately pre…
Refers to people, events, and experiences beyond the immediat…
-Scientific and logical... -it's consistent and noncontradictory…
-more varied... -Reflects both the content of the story and the…
Academic Language
A talk that focuses on phenomena that are not immediately pre…
Extended discourse
Refers to people, events, and experiences beyond the immediat…
71 terms
Cognitive Psychology: Chapter 10 Reading (Written Language)
Written language
Two functions of written language
Reading is Fundamental
Reading is not natural
We've done so much reading, it's become a fluent and automati…
(ア) Historically-preserved things; long distances ... (イ) Compre…
* 75% of high school dropouts report reading difficulties... * 5…
oral language vs. written language
Written language
We've done so much reading, it's become a fluent and automati…
Two functions of written language
(ア) Historically-preserved things; long distances ... (イ) Compre…
23 terms
Chapter 10: Language
Sentences
Phrases
Morphemes
Function Morphemes
Express the speaker's intended meaning to listeners.
Combinations of words.
Smallest language units that carry meaning can be words or fu…
S, ing, ed are examples of
Sentences
Express the speaker's intended meaning to listeners.
Phrases
Combinations of words.
21 terms
LANGUAGE (CHAPTER 10)
Key Features of Language
Reference
Productivity
Specialization
Reference... Productivity... Specialization... Displacement
symbols stand for things
combine symbols -> new meanings
communicate with others
Key Features of Language
Reference... Productivity... Specialization... Displacement
Reference
symbols stand for things
12 terms
Chapter 10: Language
Linguistic units
word meaning
prototypes
garden paths
-phonemes: smallest unit of sound, the most fundamental part…
Word meanings consist of a necessary and sufficient set of se…
a typical or most familiar example of a category
a premature, false syntactic analysis of a sentence as it is…
Linguistic units
-phonemes: smallest unit of sound, the most fundamental part…
word meaning
Word meanings consist of a necessary and sufficient set of se…
30 terms
Chapter 10: Language
Sentence
Morpheme
Phonemes
Voicing
A sequence of words that conforms to the rules of syntax (and…
The smallest language unit that carries meaning. Psycholingui…
The basic categories of sound that are used to convey languag…
One of the properties that distinguishes different categories…
Sentence
A sequence of words that conforms to the rules of syntax (and…
Morpheme
The smallest language unit that carries meaning. Psycholingui…
28 terms
Chapter 10- Language
cognition
algorithm
heuristic
concept
mental processes
going through every possible option to get an answer
using things you already know
an idea (general idea)
cognition
mental processes
algorithm
going through every possible option to get an answer
15 terms
Language of Medicine - Chapter 10 - Nervous System
arachnoid membrane
astrocyte
autonomic nervous system
axon
middle layer of three membranes (meninges) that surround the…
type of glial (neuroglial) cell that transports water and sal…
nerves that control involuntary body functions of muscles, gl…
microscopic fiber that carries the nervous impulse along a ne…
arachnoid membrane
middle layer of three membranes (meninges) that surround the…
astrocyte
type of glial (neuroglial) cell that transports water and sal…
29 terms
Chapter 10 Language
congnition
concept
prototype
algorithm
the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, reme…
a mental grouping of similar objects, ideas or people. Mental…
a mental image or best example of a category. ex: robin is mo…
a methodical, logical rule or procedure that guarantees solvi…
congnition
the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, reme…
concept
a mental grouping of similar objects, ideas or people. Mental…
27 terms
Chapter 10: Language
American Sign Language (ASL)
aphasia
basic level
case marker
The manual-visual language used by most deaf persons in the U…
Any of a number of linguistic disorders caused by injury to o…
A concept at some accessible, middling degree of abstractness…
A word or affix that indicates the semantic role played by so…
American Sign Language (ASL)
The manual-visual language used by most deaf persons in the U…
aphasia
Any of a number of linguistic disorders caused by injury to o…
35 terms
Chapter 10: language
cognition
concept- Schema
prototype
algorithm
everything that involves thinking, knowing, remembering, and…
a mental grouping of things that are similar, connecting them
the best example of a category, your number 1 choice when you…
you will absolutely solve the problem using this, but its the…
cognition
everything that involves thinking, knowing, remembering, and…
concept- Schema
a mental grouping of things that are similar, connecting them
Chapter 10: Language
phoneme
morpheme
content morpheme
function morpheme
the smallest significant unit of sound in a language. Alphabe…
the smallest significant unit of emaning in a word (ex. "boys…
a morpheme that carries the main semantic and referential con…
a morpheme that, while adding such content as time, mode, ind…
phoneme
the smallest significant unit of sound in a language. Alphabe…
morpheme
the smallest significant unit of emaning in a word (ex. "boys…
27 terms
Chapter 10: Language
phoneme
morpheme
content morpheme
function morpheme
the smallest significant unit of sound in a language. alphabe…
the smallest significant unit of meaning in a word (e.g., the…
a morpheme that carries the main semantic and referential con…
a morpheme that, while adding such content as time, mode, ind…
phoneme
the smallest significant unit of sound in a language. alphabe…
morpheme
the smallest significant unit of meaning in a word (e.g., the…
11 terms
Chapter 10 (Language)
Language
Phoneme
Morpheme
Grammar
A system of communication through the use of speech, a collec…
In language, the smallest distinctive sound unit.
In a language, the smallest unit that carries meaning; may be…
In a language, a system of rules that enables us to communica…
Language
A system of communication through the use of speech, a collec…
Phoneme
In language, the smallest distinctive sound unit.
27 terms
Chapter 10: Language
American Sign Language (ASL)
aphasia
basic level
case marker
the manual-visual language used by most deaf persons in the U…
any of a number of linguistic disorders caused by injury to o…
a concept at some accessible, middling degree of abstractness…
a word or affix that indicates the semantic role played by so…
American Sign Language (ASL)
the manual-visual language used by most deaf persons in the U…
aphasia
any of a number of linguistic disorders caused by injury to o…
31 terms
chapter 10 language
language
grammar
phomemes
morphemes
a system of communication composed of symbols
a set of ruler governing the proper use of word, phrases and…
basic units of sound in language
-formed by combination of phonemes... -smallest unit of meaning…
language
a system of communication composed of symbols
grammar
a set of ruler governing the proper use of word, phrases and…
28 terms
Chapter 10: Language
PHONEME
MORPHEME
CONTENT MORPHEME
FUNCTION MORPHEME
The smallest significant unit of sound in a language. Alphabe…
The smallest significant unit of meaning in a word ... -i.e. the…
A morpheme that carries the main semantic and referential con…
A morpheme that, while adding such content as time mode, indi…
PHONEME
The smallest significant unit of sound in a language. Alphabe…
MORPHEME
The smallest significant unit of meaning in a word ... -i.e. the…
10 terms
Chapter 10: Language
Phonemes
morphemes
current morphemes
function morphemes
units of sound: English uses about 40 different phonemes, oth…
the smallest language units that carry meaning
carry the main burden of meaning
add details to the meaning and serve various grammatical purp…
Phonemes
units of sound: English uses about 40 different phonemes, oth…
morphemes
the smallest language units that carry meaning
30 terms
Chapter 10: Psychology of Language
Psycholinguistics/Psychology of language
Speech/Language Production
Grammatical encoding
Phonological encoding
study of the psychological and neurobiological factors that e…
the process involved in creating and expressing meaning throu…
- selecting syntactic frame and lexical items... - lemma
- specify phonetic form/apply phonological processes ... - fill…
Psycholinguistics/Psychology of language
study of the psychological and neurobiological factors that e…
Speech/Language Production
the process involved in creating and expressing meaning throu…
30 terms
LFNM I, Chapter 10, Language Facts
iaciō, iacere, iēcī, iactum
Iacere
iaciō
iacīs
I throw, to throw, I threw, thrown
to throw
I throw
you throw
iaciō, iacere, iēcī, iactum
I throw, to throw, I threw, thrown
Iacere
to throw
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