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Study sets matching "special senses hearing equilibrium"

49 terms
Special senses: hearing and equilibrium
external ear
middle ear
inner ear
pinna (auricle)
outer structures of the ear that collect sound
the chamber between the eardrum and cochlea containing three…
the innermost part of the ear, containing the cochlea, semici…
external portion of ear
external ear
outer structures of the ear that collect sound
middle ear
the chamber between the eardrum and cochlea containing three…
31 terms
Special Senses- Hearing and Equilibrium
Vestibulocochlear nerve
Medulla oblongata
Thalamus
Temporal lobe
Vestibulocochlear nerve
Medulla oblongata
Special Senses: Hearing and Equilibrium
Bony Labyrinth
Membranous Labyrinth
Perilymph
Endolymph
Inner Ear: outer bony shell that houses a network of membrano…
Inner Ear: a network of membranous capsules (ORANGE)
aqueous fluid in the bony labyrinth that suspends the membran…
aqueous fluid in the membranous labyrinth
Bony Labyrinth
Inner Ear: outer bony shell that houses a network of membrano…
Membranous Labyrinth
Inner Ear: a network of membranous capsules (ORANGE)
Special Senses - Hearing and Equilibrium
Whole outer ear
pina
Stapes
Air Conduction
Orecal
What is A
7?
Need air; Rinne test
Whole outer ear
Orecal
pina
What is A
13 terms
Special Senses - Hearing and Equilibrium
pinna
malleus
incus
semicircular canals
outer ear.... collects and directs sound waves into the externa…
the first bone of the middle ear... transmits and amplifies vib…
the second bone of the middle ear... transmits and amplifies vi…
in the inner ear... equilibrium: rotations acceleration of the…
pinna
outer ear.... collects and directs sound waves into the externa…
malleus
the first bone of the middle ear... transmits and amplifies vib…
20 terms
Special Senses: Hearing and Equilibrium
pinna, external auditory canal, tympan…
semicircular canals, vestibule, cochlea
malleus (hammer), incus (anvil), stape…
pharyngotympanic (auditory) tube
structures composing the external ear
structures composing the internal ear
collectively called the ossicles
involved in equalizing the pressure in the middle ear with at…
pinna, external auditory canal, tympan…
structures composing the external ear
semicircular canals, vestibule, cochlea
structures composing the internal ear
53 terms
Special Senses: Hearing and Equilibrium
Hairs of the ear are called
Hair cells involved with equilibrium a…
Three sections of the ear
Middle ear connection with pharynx is
Stereocilia - large microvilli... Actin filaments ... Hairs have…
kinocilium... a true cillium with microtubules
Outer - surface ectoderm... Middle - pharyngeal endoderm... Inner -…
Auditory (eustachian) tube
Hairs of the ear are called
Stereocilia - large microvilli... Actin filaments ... Hairs have…
Hair cells involved with equilibrium a…
kinocilium... a true cillium with microtubules
14 terms
Special Senses: Hearing and Equilibrium
External ear
External acoustic meatus
Auricle
Tympanic Membrane
External ear
External acoustic meatus
21 terms
Hearing and Equilibrium Special Senses
the external ear
auricle (pinna)
lobule
external acoustic meatus (external aud…
portion of the ear formed by the auricle and external acousti…
the skin-covered cartilaginous structure encircling the audit…
the portion of the pinna lying inferior to the external audit…
the short, narrow (2.5 cm long by 0.6 cm wide) chamber carved…
the external ear
portion of the ear formed by the auricle and external acousti…
auricle (pinna)
the skin-covered cartilaginous structure encircling the audit…
36 terms
Special senses: hearing and equilibrium
pinna (auricle), external auditory can…
cochlea, semicircular canals, vestibule
malleus (hammer), incus (anvil), stape…
phyaryngotymanic (auditory) tube
structure composing external ear
structures composing the internal ear
collectively called the ossicles
involved in equalizing the pressure int he middle ear with at…
pinna (auricle), external auditory can…
structure composing external ear
cochlea, semicircular canals, vestibule
structures composing the internal ear
31 terms
Special Senses: Hearing & Equilibrium
• STRUCTURE COMPOSING THE EXTERNAL EAR
• STRUCTURES COMPOSING THE INTERNAL EAR
• COLLECTIVELY CALLED THE OSSICLES
• INVOLVED IN EQUALIZING THE PRESSURE…
PINNA (AURICLE), EXTERNAL AUDITORY CANAL, TYMPANIC MEMBRANE
COCHLEA, SEMICIRCULAR CANALS, VESTIBULE
INCUS (ANVIL), MALLEUS (HAMMER), STAPES (STIRRUP)
PHARYNGOTYMPANIC (AUDITORY) TUBE
• STRUCTURE COMPOSING THE EXTERNAL EAR
PINNA (AURICLE), EXTERNAL AUDITORY CANAL, TYMPANIC MEMBRANE
• STRUCTURES COMPOSING THE INTERNAL EAR
COCHLEA, SEMICIRCULAR CANALS, VESTIBULE
26 terms
Special Senses: Hearing/Equilibrium
LOSS OF ABILITY TO HEAR HIGH TONES AND…
ACUITY TEST
AMPULLA
AUDIOMOTER
DEFINE: PRESBYCUSIS
WHICH HEARING TEST DONE IN LAB USED A TICKING CLOCK?
THE ENLARGED REGION AT THE BASE OF EACH SEMICIRCULAR CANAL IS…
WHAT IS THE DEVICE USED IN THE AUDIOMETRY TEST?
LOSS OF ABILITY TO HEAR HIGH TONES AND…
DEFINE: PRESBYCUSIS
ACUITY TEST
WHICH HEARING TEST DONE IN LAB USED A TICKING CLOCK?
31 terms
Special Senses: Hearing & Equilibrium
• STRUCTURE COMPOSING THE EXTERNAL EAR
• STRUCTURES COMPOSING THE INTERNAL EAR
• COLLECTIVELY CALLED THE OSSICLES
• INVOLVED IN EQUALIZING THE PRESSURE…
PINNA (AURICLE), EXTERNAL AUDITORY CANAL, TYMPANIC MEMBRANE
COCHLEA, SEMICIRCULAR CANALS, VESTIBULE
INCUS (ANVIL), MALLEUS (HAMMER), STAPES (STIRRUP)
PHARYNGOTYMPANIC (AUDITORY) TUBE
• STRUCTURE COMPOSING THE EXTERNAL EAR
PINNA (AURICLE), EXTERNAL AUDITORY CANAL, TYMPANIC MEMBRANE
• STRUCTURES COMPOSING THE INTERNAL EAR
COCHLEA, SEMICIRCULAR CANALS, VESTIBULE
10 terms
Special Senses: Hearing & Equilibrium
external ear structures
internal ear structures
ear ossicles
pharyngotympanic (auditory) tube
aurcle (pinna)... external acoustic meatus... tympanic membrane
cochlea... semicirculuar canals... vestibule
malleus (hammer)... incus ... stapes
involved in equilizing the pressure in the middle ear with at…
external ear structures
aurcle (pinna)... external acoustic meatus... tympanic membrane
internal ear structures
cochlea... semicirculuar canals... vestibule
16 terms
Special Senses: Hearing & Equilibrium
rinne
weber
auditory acuity
Romberg
__ test = for conduction deafness or abnormalities of outer o…
__ test = for sensory deafness, disorder of inner ear structu…
ability to localize sound
__ test = determine static equilibrium, and role vision plays…
rinne
__ test = for conduction deafness or abnormalities of outer o…
weber
__ test = for sensory deafness, disorder of inner ear structu…
65 terms
special senses: equilibrium & hearing
equilibrium informs us of h____ positi…
hearing enables d___ & i_____ of s___…
mechanoreceptors are h___ cells for h_…
external ear c___ & d___ s___ w___ to…
head... gravity... linear acceleration
detection & interpretation. sound waves
hair ... hearing & equilibrium
collects & directs sound waves to middle ear
equilibrium informs us of h____ positi…
head... gravity... linear acceleration
hearing enables d___ & i_____ of s___…
detection & interpretation. sound waves
31 terms
Special Senses: Hearing & Equilibrium
• STRUCTURE COMPOSING THE EXTERNAL EAR
• STRUCTURES COMPOSING THE INTERNAL EAR
• COLLECTIVELY CALLED THE OSSICLES
• INVOLVED IN EQUALIZING THE PRESSURE…
PINNA (AURICLE), EXTERNAL AUDITORY CANAL, TYMPANIC MEMBRANE
COCHLEA, SEMICIRCULAR CANALS, VESTIBULE
INCUS (ANVIL), MALLEUS (HAMMER), STAPES (STIRRUP)
PHARYNGOTYMPANIC (AUDITORY) TUBE
• STRUCTURE COMPOSING THE EXTERNAL EAR
PINNA (AURICLE), EXTERNAL AUDITORY CANAL, TYMPANIC MEMBRANE
• STRUCTURES COMPOSING THE INTERNAL EAR
COCHLEA, SEMICIRCULAR CANALS, VESTIBULE
28 terms
Special Senses: Hearing and Equilibrium
Auricle, external auditory meatus, tym…
Cochlea, semicircular canals, vestibule
Pharyngotympanic tube
Tympanic membrane
Structures compising the external ear
Structures composing the internal ear
Equalizes pressure in the middle ear w/atmospheric pressure
Vibrates at the same rate as sound waves hitting it; transmit…
Auricle, external auditory meatus, tym…
Structures compising the external ear
Cochlea, semicircular canals, vestibule
Structures composing the internal ear
13 terms
Special Senses: Hearing and Equilibrium
outer ear
middle ear
inner ear
hearing
includes the pinna or auricle... contains the external audito…
also called the tympanic cavity... contains the three smalles…
divided into the cochlea, vestibule, and the semicircular can…
includes the tectorial membrane
outer ear
includes the pinna or auricle... contains the external audito…
middle ear
also called the tympanic cavity... contains the three smalles…
20 terms
Special Senses: Hearing and Equilibrium
pinna (auricle), external auditory can…
cochlea, semicircular canals, and vest…
incus (anvil), malleous (hammer), stap…
pharyngotympanic (auditory) tube
structure composing the external ear
structures composing of the internal ear
collectively called the ossicles
involved in equalizing the pressure in the middle ear with at…
pinna (auricle), external auditory can…
structure composing the external ear
cochlea, semicircular canals, and vest…
structures composing of the internal ear
30 terms
Special Senses: Hearing and Equilibrium
Three divisions of the ear
external ear
pinna
external auditory canal
external, middle and inner
pinna and external auditory canal. filled with air
skin-covered cartilaginous structure encircling the auditory…
narrow chamber carved into the temporal bone, skin lined wall…
Three divisions of the ear
external, middle and inner
external ear
pinna and external auditory canal. filled with air
13 terms
Special Senses: Hearing and Equilibrium
Otitis Media
Perilymph
Endolymph
Presbycusis
Inflammation of the middle ear
Fluid within the bony labyrinth
Fluid within the membranous labyrinth
Deafness in old people
Otitis Media
Inflammation of the middle ear
Perilymph
Fluid within the bony labyrinth
33 terms
Special senses: hearing & equilibrium
Structures composing the external ear
Structures composing the internal ear
collectively called ossicles
involved in equalizing the pressure in…
auricle (pinna),tympanic membrane (eardrum), external acousti…
semicircular canals, vestibule, cochlea
Incus (anvil), Malleous (hammer), stapes (stirrup)
Pharyngotympanic (auditory) tube
Structures composing the external ear
auricle (pinna),tympanic membrane (eardrum), external acousti…
Structures composing the internal ear
semicircular canals, vestibule, cochlea
9 terms
Special senses: hearing and equilibrium
Endolymph
External ear
Tympanic membrane(eardrum)
Middle ear
The membranous labyrinth that is filled with a more viscous f…
Tympanic membrane (eardrum)
Vibrates at exactly the same frequency as the sound waves hit…
Malleus(hammer), incus(anvil),stapes(stirrup), pharyngotympan…
Endolymph
The membranous labyrinth that is filled with a more viscous f…
External ear
Tympanic membrane (eardrum)
44 terms
Special Senses: Hearing and Equilibrium
The ear is a complex structure contain…
3 major areas of the ear:
The ______ and _________ ear structure…
__________ ear structures function bot…
hearing; equilibrium
1) external ear... 2) middle ear... 3) internal ear
external; middle
Internal
The ear is a complex structure contain…
hearing; equilibrium
3 major areas of the ear:
1) external ear... 2) middle ear... 3) internal ear
26 terms
Special Senses: Hearing/Equilibrium
PRESBYCUSIS IS THE LOSS OF ABILITY TO…
ACUITY TEST
AMPULLA
TUNING FORK
DEFINE: PRESBYCUSIS
WHICH HEARING TEST DONE IN LAB USED A TICKING CLOCK?
THE ENLARGED REGION AT THE BASE OF EACH SEMICIRCULAR CANAL IS…
WHAT IS THE DEVICE USED IN THE AUDIOMETRY TEST?
PRESBYCUSIS IS THE LOSS OF ABILITY TO…
DEFINE: PRESBYCUSIS
ACUITY TEST
WHICH HEARING TEST DONE IN LAB USED A TICKING CLOCK?
59 terms
Special Senses: Hearing & Equilibrium
Why is sound amplified prior to enteri…
What is the function of the tympanic m…
What are the names of the 3 ossicles?
What two muscles are attached to the o…
It needs to be amplified because it is going from air to flui…
Transmits vibration
Maleus, Incus, and Stapes
The stapedius and the tensor tympani
Why is sound amplified prior to enteri…
It needs to be amplified because it is going from air to flui…
What is the function of the tympanic m…
Transmits vibration
28 terms
Special Senses: Hearing/Equilibrium
Define: Presbycusis
Which hearing test done in lab used a…
The enlarged region at the base of eac…
What is the device used in the audiome…
"Old hearing". Loss of high frequency and frequencies involve…
Acuity test
Ampulla
Audiometer
Define: Presbycusis
"Old hearing". Loss of high frequency and frequencies involve…
Which hearing test done in lab used a…
Acuity test
26 terms
Special Senses: Hearing/Equilibrium
PRESBYCUSIS IS THE LOSS OF ABILITY TO…
ACUITY TEST
AMPULLA
TUNING FORK
DEFINE: PRESBYCUSIS
WHICH HEARING TEST DONE IN LAB USED A TICKING CLOCK?
THE ENLARGED REGION AT THE BASE OF EACH SEMICIRCULAR CANAL IS…
WHAT IS THE DEVICE USED IN THE AUDIOMETRY TEST?
PRESBYCUSIS IS THE LOSS OF ABILITY TO…
DEFINE: PRESBYCUSIS
ACUITY TEST
WHICH HEARING TEST DONE IN LAB USED A TICKING CLOCK?
Special senses: Hearing and equilibrium
Can result from the fusion of the ossi…
can result from a lesion on the cochle…
sound heard in one ear but not in the…
can result from otitis media
conduction deafness
sensorineural (central) deafness
sensorineural deafness
conduction and sensorineural deafness
Can result from the fusion of the ossi…
conduction deafness
can result from a lesion on the cochle…
sensorineural (central) deafness
20 terms
Special Senses: Hearing and Equilibrium
Pinna
Malleus
Incus
Semicircular canals
Collects and directs wavs, but has little to no function in t…
one of the ossicles that articulates form a level system that…
one of the ossicles that articulates form a level system that…
monitor the angular movement of the head; equilibrium
Pinna
Collects and directs wavs, but has little to no function in t…
Malleus
one of the ossicles that articulates form a level system that…
21 terms
Special Senses, Hearing And Equilibrium
List the five senses by using the corr…
What are receptors and what purpose do…
Define taste buds and papillae
List the four basic taste sensations t…
Gustation- taste... Olfaction- Smell... Vision- Seeing... Equilibrium-…
Receptors are specialized structures that select specific sti…
Gustatory receptors are taste buds... • Taste buds are located d…
Sweet... Sour... Salty... Bitter
List the five senses by using the corr…
Gustation- taste... Olfaction- Smell... Vision- Seeing... Equilibrium-…
What are receptors and what purpose do…
Receptors are specialized structures that select specific sti…
17 terms
Special Senses: Hearing and Equilibrium
External Ear
Middle Ear
Internal Ear
Anatomy of External Ear
Region which uses air to collect and channel sound waves
Region which uses a bony system to amplify sound vibrations
Region which generates action potentials to transmit sound an…
Auricle (flap of elastic cartilage); external auditory canal…
External Ear
Region which uses air to collect and channel sound waves
Middle Ear
Region which uses a bony system to amplify sound vibrations
9 terms
Special Senses: Hearing and Equilibrium
What structure is responsible for hear…
What structure is responsible for Dyna…
What structure is responsible for Stat…
Nystagmus
Cochlea
Semicircular Canals
Hair Cells
Uncontrollable rolling of the eyes in any direction
What structure is responsible for hear…
Cochlea
What structure is responsible for Dyna…
Semicircular Canals
13 terms
Special Senses of Hearing and Equilibrium
Sound
Pitch
Loudness
Eqilibrium
Produced when a vibrating object creates disturbance in a med…
Determined by frequency at which an object vibrates (measured…
Perception of sound intensity determined by energy of vibration
Involves sensations of balance and motion
Sound
Produced when a vibrating object creates disturbance in a med…
Pitch
Determined by frequency at which an object vibrates (measured…
22 terms
Special Senses: Hearing and Equilibrium
What is the external ear composed of?
What are the wax secreting glands call…
What is the scientific name for the ea…
What is found in the middle ear?
The Auricle, helix, lobule, and external acoustic meatus
ceruminous glands
the tympanic membrane
The auditory ossicles
What is the external ear composed of?
The Auricle, helix, lobule, and external acoustic meatus
What are the wax secreting glands call…
ceruminous glands
50 terms
Special Senses of Hearing and Equilibrium
define sound
define pitch
loudness
what does equilibrium involve?
produced when a vibrating object creates a disturbance in a m…
determined by frequency @ which object vibrates
perception of sound intensity determined by energy of vibration
balance and motion
define sound
produced when a vibrating object creates a disturbance in a m…
define pitch
determined by frequency @ which object vibrates
22 terms
Special Sense- Hearing & Equilibrium
Outer Ear
Middle Ear
Inner Ear
middle ear ossicles
collects sound waves... direct sound to the tympanic membrane... co…
mechanical vibration transmitted to the ossicles... allow for mi…
contains receptors for hearing and equilibrium fluid vibratio…
auditory ossicles are located in the tympanic membrane
Outer Ear
collects sound waves... direct sound to the tympanic membrane... co…
Middle Ear
mechanical vibration transmitted to the ossicles... allow for mi…
14 terms
Special Senses of Hearing and Equilibrium (Equilibrium)
Response, often without awareness, to…
Contain thickened maculae that serve a…
In the walls of utricle and saccule, c…
Otolithic membrane is covered with a...
Equilibrium
Wall of utricle and saccule
Otolithic membrane
Layer otoliths
Response, often without awareness, to…
Equilibrium
Contain thickened maculae that serve a…
Wall of utricle and saccule
50 terms
Special Senses: Taste, Hearing, Equilibrium
external ear structures
auricle
tragus
antitragus
auricle, tragus, antitragus, lobule, helix, external auditory…
external ear structures
auricle, tragus, antitragus, lobule, helix, external auditory…
auricle
52 terms
Special Sense: Equilibrium and Hearing
internal ear
external ear
middle ear
auricle and external acoustic meatus
where is equilibrium and hearing provided by
collects and directs sound waves to middle ear
collect sound waves and direct them to the inner ear
what is the external ear composed of
internal ear
where is equilibrium and hearing provided by
external ear
collects and directs sound waves to middle ear
52 terms
Special Sense: Hearing and equilibrium
Labyrinths of the inner ear
Bony labyrinth
Membranous Labyrinth
Labyrinths are divided into three areas
Bony and Membranous
Surrounds and protects membranous labyrinth, contains perilymph
Contains endolymph
Vestibule, semicircular canals, cochlea
Labyrinths of the inner ear
Bony and Membranous
Bony labyrinth
Surrounds and protects membranous labyrinth, contains perilymph
33 terms
Special Sense: Equilibrium and Hearing
Name the three distinct anatomic regio…
What bones are in the middle and inner…
Briefly describe the three parts of th…
What is the purpose of the tympanic me…
External, Middle, Inner Ear
The petrous portion of the temporal bone
Auricle: A skin covered piece of elastic cartilage, protectiv…
Causes the bones to vibrate and the sound waves are sent to t…
Name the three distinct anatomic regio…
External, Middle, Inner Ear
What bones are in the middle and inner…
The petrous portion of the temporal bone
33 terms
Special Sense: Equilibrium and Hearing
Name the three distinct anatomic regio…
What bones are in the middle and inner…
Briefly describe the three parts of th…
What is the purpose of the tympanic me…
External, Middle, Inner Ear
The petrous portion of the temporal bone
Auricle: A skin covered piece of elastic cartilage... External…
Causes the bones to vibrate and the sound waves are sent to t…
Name the three distinct anatomic regio…
External, Middle, Inner Ear
What bones are in the middle and inner…
The petrous portion of the temporal bone
33 terms
Special Sense: Equilibrium and Hearing
Name the three distinct anatomic regio…
What bone the middle and inner ear por…
Briefly describe the three parts of th…
What is the purpose of the tympanic me…
External, Middle, Inner Ear
The petrous portion of the temporal bone
Auricle: A skin covered piece of elastic cartilage... collects s…
Causes the bones to vibrate and the sound waves are sent to t…
Name the three distinct anatomic regio…
External, Middle, Inner Ear
What bone the middle and inner ear por…
The petrous portion of the temporal bone
15 terms
25 - Special Senses - Hearing & Equilibrium
auricle (pinna)
lobule
external acoustic meatus (external aud…
ceruminous glands (Describe location &…
collects and directs sound waves to EAM
complete formation of auricle
transmits sound waves from auricle to tympanic membrane
-in the skin of the human external auditory canal ... -produce c…
auricle (pinna)
collects and directs sound waves to EAM
lobule
complete formation of auricle
24 terms
Special Senses (Vision, Hearing, and Equilibrium)
3 eye tunics (layers)
fibrous layer of eye
vascular layer of eye
choroid
fibrous layer... vascular layer... sensory layer (retina)
consists of sclera-white of the eye... and cornea-transparent, a…
also called uvea. consists of choriod, tapetum lucidum, cilia…
most posterior portion of vascular layer. has dark pigments t…
3 eye tunics (layers)
fibrous layer... vascular layer... sensory layer (retina)
fibrous layer of eye
consists of sclera-white of the eye... and cornea-transparent, a…
66 terms
SPECIAL SENSES: Vision, Hearing, and Equilibrium
Superior Rectus Eye
Inferior Rectus Eye
Lateral Rectus Eye
Medial Rectus Eye
Superior Rectus Eye
Inferior Rectus Eye
30 terms
Special Senses: Taste, Hearing and Equilibrium
Pinna
Tragus
Lobule
Helix
outside of ear
collects sounds from behind
equilibrium
Pinna
outside of ear
Tragus
collects sounds from behind
30 terms
Special Senses: Taste, Hearing, and Equilibrium
Auricle (pinna)
Tragus
Lobule
Helix
Auricle (pinna)
Tragus
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