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Study sets matching "species chapter 25"

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Study sets matching "species chapter 25"

19 terms
Chapter 25 Identification of Species
Macroevolution
Species
How many species are there
Criteria used to distinguish species
-leads to new species... -*Evolutionary changes the produce new…
Group of interbreeding natural populations that are reproduct…
1.7 million describes ... -estimates about 10 million ... -Bacteria…
1) Morphology ... 2) Reproductive Isolation ... 3) DNA/ Chromosomes…
Macroevolution
-leads to new species... -*Evolutionary changes the produce new…
Species
Group of interbreeding natural populations that are reproduct…
27 terms
Chapter 25-Origin of Species and Macroevolution
macroevolution
(biological) species
speciation
subspecies
Evolutionary changes that create new species and groups of sp…
A group of related organisms that share a distinctive form in…
The formation of new species.
A subdivision of a species; this designation is used when two…
macroevolution
Evolutionary changes that create new species and groups of sp…
(biological) species
A group of related organisms that share a distinctive form in…
43 terms
Chapter 25 Origin of Species and Macroevolution
Macroevolution
Species
Speciation
Number of species on earth.
Refers to the evolutionary changes that produce new species a…
Group of organisms that share similar attributes in nature. T…
The formation of a new species.
Known= 1.4-1.3 million. ... Estimates of total= 5-50 million.
Macroevolution
Refers to the evolutionary changes that produce new species a…
Species
Group of organisms that share similar attributes in nature. T…
41 terms
Chapter 25 Origin of Species and Macroevolution
macroevolution
species
speciation
subspecies
evolutionary changes that produce new species and groups of s…
a group of related organisms tat share a distinctive set of a…
formation of a new species
two or more geographically restricted groups of the same spec…
macroevolution
evolutionary changes that produce new species and groups of s…
species
a group of related organisms tat share a distinctive set of a…
18 terms
Chapter 25 Origin of Species
macroevolution
morphological traits
reproductive isolation
molecular traits
evolutionary changes that produce a new species or groups of…
how similar organisms are in structure and appearance
whether or not two organisms can interbreed to produce viable…
how similar the genomes are
macroevolution
evolutionary changes that produce a new species or groups of…
morphological traits
how similar organisms are in structure and appearance
41 terms
Chapter 25 Invertebrate Species
Hydrozoa
Scyphozoa
Anthozoa
Cubozoa
-Cnidaria... -Portuguese man-of-war... -Hydra... -Corals
-Cnidaria... -Jellyfish
-Cnidaira... -Sea Anemones... -Sea Fans... -Most Coral
-Cnidaira... -Box Jellies... -Sea Wasps
Hydrozoa
-Cnidaria... -Portuguese man-of-war... -Hydra... -Corals
Scyphozoa
-Cnidaria... -Jellyfish
15 terms
Chapter 25: Origin of Species and Macroevolution
Macroevolution
Speciation
Biological species concept
Reproductive isolation
Evolutionary changes that create new species and group of spe…
The origin of new species, is at the focal point of evolution…
States that a species is a group of populations whose members…
The existence of biological factors that impede two species f…
Macroevolution
Evolutionary changes that create new species and group of spe…
Speciation
The origin of new species, is at the focal point of evolution…
17 terms
Chapter 25: Origin of Species and Macroevolution
macroevolution
species
What is considered when defining a spe…
Reproductive isolation
evolutionary changes that produce a new species of group of s…
group of related organisms sharing distinct characteristics;…
Similarity of genomes, ecological niche, reproductive isolation
prevents reproduction between different species
macroevolution
evolutionary changes that produce a new species of group of s…
species
group of related organisms sharing distinct characteristics;…
14 terms
Origin of Species and Macroevolution Chapter 25
Macroevolution
Species
Speciation
Subspecies
Evolutionary changes that produce new species and groups of s…
A group of related organisms that share a distinctive set of…
An evolutionary process by which reproductively isolated biol…
When two or more geographically restricted groups of the same…
Macroevolution
Evolutionary changes that produce new species and groups of s…
Species
A group of related organisms that share a distinctive set of…
33 terms
Chapter 25: Origin of Species and Macroevolution
Macroevolution
Species
Characteristics Used to Distinguish Sp…
Morphological Traits
evolutionary changes creating new species and groups of species
a group of organisms that maintains a distinctive set of attr…
...
physical characteristics... drawbacks:... -how dissimilar must trai…
Macroevolution
evolutionary changes creating new species and groups of species
Species
a group of organisms that maintains a distinctive set of attr…
22 terms
Chapter 25: Origin of Species and Macroevolution
Characteristics used to classify species
Biological Species Concept
Evolutionary Lineage Concept
Ecological Species Concept
morphological traits, reproductive iso, molecular features, a…
uses reproductive isolation to define species
uses common ancestry to define species
uses habitat and role in environment to define species
Characteristics used to classify species
morphological traits, reproductive iso, molecular features, a…
Biological Species Concept
uses reproductive isolation to define species
Origin of Species and Macroevolution Chapter 25
Species
Subspecies
How are species established?
Morphological Traits
A group of related organisms that share a distinctive set of…
When two or more geographically restricted groups of the same…
Morphological traits, the ability to interbreed, molecular fe…
Physical characteristics, organisms are classified as the sam…
Species
A group of related organisms that share a distinctive set of…
Subspecies
When two or more geographically restricted groups of the same…
28 terms
Chapter 25- Origin of Species & Macroevolution
Macroevolution
Species
Speciation
Subspecies
Evolutionary changes that create new species and group of spe…
A group of related organisms that share a distinctive form in…
The form of new species
A subdivision of a species; this designation is used when two…
Macroevolution
Evolutionary changes that create new species and group of spe…
Species
A group of related organisms that share a distinctive form in…
27 terms
Chapter 25: Origin of Species and Macroevolution
species
macroevolution
differentiating between species
morphological traits
group of organisms that maintains a distinctive set of attrib…
creates new species/ groups of species
use: morphological traits, ability to interbreed, molecular f…
based on physical characteristics; drawbacks include how many…
species
group of organisms that maintains a distinctive set of attrib…
macroevolution
creates new species/ groups of species
12 terms
Chapter 25: Origin of Species and Macroevolution
Allopatric speciation
Adaptive radiation
Sympatric speciation
Polyploidy
Gene flow is interrupted or reduced when a population is divi…
Single species evolved into array of descendants that differs…
Occurs when members of a species that are within the same ran…
Organism has two or more sets of chromosomes
Allopatric speciation
Gene flow is interrupted or reduced when a population is divi…
Adaptive radiation
Single species evolved into array of descendants that differs…
28 terms
Chapter 25 - Origin of Species and Macroevolution
Macroevolution is
Evolution on a grand scale:
A species is
Speciation is
the study of evolutionary changees that create new species an…
concerns the diversity of the organisms established over long…
aa group of related organisms that share a distinctive set of…
the process of generating a new species
Macroevolution is
the study of evolutionary changees that create new species an…
Evolution on a grand scale:
concerns the diversity of the organisms established over long…
32 terms
Chapter 25: Origin of Species and Macroevolution
macroevolution
Morphological traits... Reproductive isol…
Morphological traits
Reproductive isolation
Evolutionary changes that result in the formation of new spec…
What factors are considered when deciding whether two organis…
how similar the organisms are in structure and appearance:
whether or not two organisms can interbreed to produce viable…
macroevolution
Evolutionary changes that result in the formation of new spec…
Morphological traits... Reproductive isol…
What factors are considered when deciding whether two organis…
16 terms
Chapter 25: Origin of Species and Macroevolution
What is macroevolution?
What factors are considered when decid…
Over time, how does reproductive isola…
What is a prezygotic barrier that prom…
Evolutionary changes that result in the formation of new spec…
Morphological traits: how similar the organisms are in struct…
If two populations of organisms become reproductively isolate…
A prezygotic barrier is a barrier that prevents the formation…
What is macroevolution?
Evolutionary changes that result in the formation of new spec…
What factors are considered when decid…
Morphological traits: how similar the organisms are in struct…
34 terms
chapter 25: origin of species and macroevolution
evolutionary changes that produce a ne…
group of related organisms that share…
geographically distinct groups of the…
many _______ have been characterized u…
macroevolution
species
sub-species
bacterial species
evolutionary changes that produce a ne…
macroevolution
group of related organisms that share…
species
33 terms
Chapter 25: Origin of Species and Macroevolution
What is macroevolution?
What factors are considered when decid…
What are Morphological traits?
What is reproductive isolation?
Evolutionary changes that result in the formation of new spec…
Morphological Traits, Reproductive Isolation, Molecular Trait…
How similar the organisms are in structure and appearance.
Whether or not two organisms can interbreed to produce viable…
What is macroevolution?
Evolutionary changes that result in the formation of new spec…
What factors are considered when decid…
Morphological Traits, Reproductive Isolation, Molecular Trait…
25 terms
Biology 1134: Chapter 25- Origins of Species and Macroevolution
macroevolution
species
speciation
characteristics used by biologists
the study of evolutionary changes that create new species and…
a group of related organisms that share a distinctive set of…
the process of generating a new species
morphological traits, reproductive isolation, molecular featu…
macroevolution
the study of evolutionary changes that create new species and…
species
a group of related organisms that share a distinctive set of…
32 terms
Chapter 25 Origin of Species and Macroevolution
Macroevolution
Species
Sub-Species
Short time
evolutionary changes that create new species and groups of sp…
a group of organisms that maintains a distinctive set of attr…
geographically distinct groups of the same species that have…
likely to be similar and considered the same species
Macroevolution
evolutionary changes that create new species and groups of sp…
Species
a group of organisms that maintains a distinctive set of attr…
29 terms
BIO- Chapter 25 Origin of Species and Macroevolution
Origin of Species
macroevolution is the study of evoluti…
evolution on a grand scale: concerns t…
members have the potential to interbre…
...
macroevolution generally refers to evolution above the specie…
a species is a group of related organisms that share a distin…
speciation is the process of generating a new species
Origin of Species
...
macroevolution is the study of evoluti…
macroevolution generally refers to evolution above the specie…
34 terms
Biology Chapter 25- Origin of Species and Macroevolution
macroevolution
species
morphological traits
reproductive isolation
evolutionary changes creating new species and groups of speci…
a group of organisms that maintains a distinctive set of attr…
physical characteristics
inability to breed in nature, used to distinguish many sexual…
macroevolution
evolutionary changes creating new species and groups of speci…
species
a group of organisms that maintains a distinctive set of attr…
22 terms
Chapter 25 Origin of Species and Macroevolution
Macroevolution
Species
Sub-species
Morphological traits
evolutionary changes that produce a new species or group of s…
group of related organisms that share distinctive characteris…
geographically distinct groups of the same species that have…
how similar two organisms look
Macroevolution
evolutionary changes that produce a new species or group of s…
Species
group of related organisms that share distinctive characteris…
24 terms
Biology II Chapter 25: Origin of Species and Macroevolution
Macroevolution
Species
Evolutionary Lineage Concept
Ecological Species Concept
Large scale evolutionary change, leading to new speices
A group of organisms that maintain a distinctive set of attri…
Categorize species based on family trees
Categorize species based on role in environment
Macroevolution
Large scale evolutionary change, leading to new speices
Species
A group of organisms that maintain a distinctive set of attri…
25 terms
Bio 2 Chapter 25 Origin of Species and Macroevolution
macroevolution
speciation
subspecies
ecotypes
Evolutionary changes that create new species and groups of sp…
The formation of new species.
A subdivision of a species; this designation is used when two…
Genetically distinct populations adapted to their local envir…
macroevolution
Evolutionary changes that create new species and groups of sp…
speciation
The formation of new species.
27 terms
Chapter 25: Origin of Species and Macroevolution
What occurs when a species distributed…
Usually results from gene flow between…
What is an example of clinal variation?
Three most common species concepts:
Clinal variation
Clinal variation
Yarrow plants in Sierra Nevada
Morphological species concept, Biological species concept, an…
What occurs when a species distributed…
Clinal variation
Usually results from gene flow between…
Clinal variation
40 terms
Chapter 25 Terms: Origin of Species and Macroevolution
Macroevolution
Species
Speciation
Subspecies
Evolutionary changes that produce new species and groups of s…
A group of related organisms that share a distinctive set of…
Formation of new species (1.4 million estimated on earth)
When two or more geographically restricted groups of the same…
Macroevolution
Evolutionary changes that produce new species and groups of s…
Species
A group of related organisms that share a distinctive set of…
17 terms
Biology Chapter 25: Origin of Species and Macroevolution
What is macroevolution?
What factors are considered when decid…
Over time, how does reproductive isola…
What is a prezygotic barrier that prom…
Evolutionary changes that result in the formation of new spec…
Morphological traits: how similar the organisms are in struct…
If two populations of organisms become reproductively isolate…
A prezygotic barrier is a barrier that prevents the formation…
What is macroevolution?
Evolutionary changes that result in the formation of new spec…
What factors are considered when decid…
Morphological traits: how similar the organisms are in struct…
23 terms
Biology II Chapter 25: Origin of Species and Macroevolution
Macroevolution
Species
Evolutionary Lineage Concept
Ecological Species Concept
Large scale evolutionary change, leading to new speices
A group of organisms that maintain a distinctive set of attri…
Categorize species based on family trees
Categorize species based on role in environment
Macroevolution
Large scale evolutionary change, leading to new speices
Species
A group of organisms that maintain a distinctive set of attri…
10 terms
Chapter 25: Pathogenic Bacteria - Heliobacter pylori (genus and species)
Grows in the Stomach
- Gram Negative (-)... - Spiral
Acidic Environments
Gastric Ulcers
In which part of the body does Heliobacter pylori (genus and…
Which Gram ( ) cell type is Heliobacter pylori (genus and spe…
Because Heliobacter pylori (genus and species) prefers to gro…
Which type of disease is linked to the presence of Heliobacte…
Grows in the Stomach
In which part of the body does Heliobacter pylori (genus and…
- Gram Negative (-)... - Spiral
Which Gram ( ) cell type is Heliobacter pylori (genus and spe…
41 terms
Biology 225 Chapter 25 Origin of Species and Macroevolution Dr. Sattler
species
morphology has been used but some spec…
in the late 1920s Theodosius Dobzhansk…
SPECIES CONCEPTS
-it is difficult to define species since they are so varied... -…
similar
many species (bacteria, plants, and fungi) do not reproduce s…
-biological species concept... -evolutionary linage concept... -eco…
species
-it is difficult to define species since they are so varied... -…
morphology has been used but some spec…
similar
31 terms
Chapter 25: Origin of Species and Macroevolution Study Question Solutions
What is macroevolution?
What factors are considered when decid…
What are Morphological traits
What is reproductive isolation
Evolutionary changes that result in the formation of new spec…
Morphological traits... Reproductive isolation... Molecular traits…
how similar the organisms are in structure and appearance.
whether or not two organisms can interbreed
What is macroevolution?
Evolutionary changes that result in the formation of new spec…
What factors are considered when decid…
Morphological traits... Reproductive isolation... Molecular traits…
41 terms
Bio 113 Chapter 25 - Origin of Species and Macro Evolution
Macroevolution
species
Subspecies
bacterial species subdivided into
creation of new species
group with distinctive attributes
somewhat different but not enough to be an actual new species…
ecotypes
Macroevolution
creation of new species
species
group with distinctive attributes
55 terms
World History Chapter 25 Review
Kyoto
greenhouse effect
Bhopal
sustainable development
site of conference on global warming
global warming caused by a buildup of carbon dioxide in the a…
site of 1984 Indian chemical disaster
satisfaction of basic needs for current and future generations
Kyoto
site of conference on global warming
greenhouse effect
global warming caused by a buildup of carbon dioxide in the a…
20 terms
Chapter 25
Phylogeny
Systematics
Homology
Analogy
Evolutionary history of a group of organisms
A scientific discipline focused on classifying organisms and…
Similarity in characteristics resulting from a shared ancestry.
Similarity in characteristics resulting from convergent evolu…
Phylogeny
Evolutionary history of a group of organisms
Systematics
A scientific discipline focused on classifying organisms and…
12 terms
Chapter 25: Pathogenic Bacteria - Streptococcus mutans (genus and species)
T or F: The microorganism, Streptococc…
Which Gram ( ) cell type is Streptococ…
Which type of effect does Streptococcu…
Tooth Decay is also called ___________…
False... - The microorganism, Streptococcus mutans (genus and sp…
- Gram Positive (+)... - Sphere
May cause Tooth Decay
Tooth Decay is also called Dental Caries.
T or F: The microorganism, Streptococc…
False... - The microorganism, Streptococcus mutans (genus and sp…
Which Gram ( ) cell type is Streptococ…
- Gram Positive (+)... - Sphere
13 terms
Chapter 25: Pathogenic Bacteria - Staphylococcus aureus (genus and species)
T or F: Bacterial pathogens that affec…
How do the toxins that are released by…
Which Gram ( ) cell type is Staphyloco…
Which type of food-borne illness is ca…
False... - Bacterial pathogens that affect the digestive system…
They are ingested
- Gram Positive (+)... - Sphere
Food Poisoning
T or F: Bacterial pathogens that affec…
False... - Bacterial pathogens that affect the digestive system…
How do the toxins that are released by…
They are ingested
14 terms
Chapter 25: Pathogenic Bacteria - Salmonella enterica (genus and species)
In which part of the body does Salmone…
Which Gram ( ) cell type is Salmonella…
In which type of commonly ingested sub…
Which live animals contain Salmonella…
Grows in the Intestine
- Gram Negative (-)... - Rod
In Meats, specifically Poultry
Reptiles
In which part of the body does Salmone…
Grows in the Intestine
Which Gram ( ) cell type is Salmonella…
- Gram Negative (-)... - Rod
13 terms
Chapter 25: Pathogenic Bacteria - Escherichia coli (genus and species)
In which part of the body does Escheri…
Which Gram ( ) cell type is Escherichi…
Which type of infectious disease is ca…
Which specific cells in a specific par…
Grows in the Intestine
- Gram Negative (-)... - Rod
Gastroenteritis
Intestinal Epithelial Cells
In which part of the body does Escheri…
Grows in the Intestine
Which Gram ( ) cell type is Escherichi…
- Gram Negative (-)... - Rod
11 terms
Chapter 25: Pathogenic Bacteria - Vibrio cholerae (genus and species)
In which part of the body does Vibrio…
Which Gram ( ) cell type is Vibrio cho…
Which form of infection is commonly ca…
Which type of Toxin is produced by Cho…
Grows in the Intestine
- Gram Negative (-)... - Rod
Cholera
Cholera Toxin
In which part of the body does Vibrio…
Grows in the Intestine
Which Gram ( ) cell type is Vibrio cho…
- Gram Negative (-)... - Rod
15 terms
Chapter 25
Protocells
Hydrothermal vents
Alkaline vents
radiometric dating
droplets with membranes that maintained an internal chemistry…
spots on the ocean floor where hot gases and minerals escape…
deep sea vents that release water that has a high pH (9-11) a…
the process of measuring the absolute age of geologic materia…
Protocells
droplets with membranes that maintained an internal chemistry…
Hydrothermal vents
spots on the ocean floor where hot gases and minerals escape…
26 terms
Chapter 25
Phylogeny
Taxonomy
Binomial nomenclature
Division of binomial nomenclature
Evolutionary history of a species or group of species
Scientific classification
Ex: Panthera Pardus, genus, species.
Family, orders, classes, phyla, domains... DKPCOFGS
Phylogeny
Evolutionary history of a species or group of species
Taxonomy
Scientific classification
61 terms
Chapter 25
II, III, I, IV
a surrounding membrane or membrane-lik…
self-replicating RNA molecules
How did RNA sequences come to carry th…
Which of the following is the correct sequence of events in t…
Which of the following is a defining characteristic that all…
The first genetic material on Earth was probably _____.
Several scientific laboratories across the globe are involved…
II, III, I, IV
Which of the following is the correct sequence of events in t…
a surrounding membrane or membrane-lik…
Which of the following is a defining characteristic that all…
44 terms
Chapter 25
macroevolution
protocells
The Conditions that Made Life Possible
First condition
the broad pattern of evolution above the species level... ex) em…
droplets with membranes that maintain an internal chemistry d…
4 conditions
1) The abiotic synthesis of small organic molecules, such as…
macroevolution
the broad pattern of evolution above the species level... ex) em…
protocells
droplets with membranes that maintain an internal chemistry d…
16 terms
Chapter 25
anthropocentric
biocentric
environmental ethics
environmental movement
Human-centered, in sustainable development, anthropocentric r…
a worldview that considers human beings to be just one of man…
Human beliefs about what is right or wrong with how we treat…
movement geared towards protecting the environment and conser…
anthropocentric
Human-centered, in sustainable development, anthropocentric r…
biocentric
a worldview that considers human beings to be just one of man…
27 terms
Campbell Reece 7th Ed - Chapter 25 and 26 - Phylogeny and Systematics; Biological Diversity Vocab
phylogeny
molecular systematics
homology vs. analogy
Taxonomy
the evolutionary history of a species or groups of species (t…
using technology to analyze DNA and RNA sequences to determin…
analogous structures are different structures that just happe…
the science of classifying organisms
phylogeny
the evolutionary history of a species or groups of species (t…
molecular systematics
using technology to analyze DNA and RNA sequences to determin…
Chapter 25
Macroevolution
Protocell
ribozymes
Radiometric dating
the broad pattern evolution above the species level
abiotic precursor of a living that had a membrane-like struct…
RNA catalysts, which plays a central role in protein synthesi…
technique of determining the age of a fossil, which is based…
Macroevolution
the broad pattern evolution above the species level
Protocell
abiotic precursor of a living that had a membrane-like struct…
24 terms
Chapter 25 Vocabulary
adaptations
anaerobic cellular respiration
anaerobic environment
asexual reproduction
any phenotypic change in behavior, structure, or reproduction…
a metabolic reaction that takes place in the cytoplasm that c…
environment containing no free oxygen
a type of reproduction that produces an identical offspring b…
adaptations
any phenotypic change in behavior, structure, or reproduction…
anaerobic cellular respiration
a metabolic reaction that takes place in the cytoplasm that c…
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