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Study sets matching "species chapter 4"

32 terms
Chapter 4: Species Interaction
Competition
Resource Partitioning
Predation
Parasitism
Multiple organisms seeking the same limited resource (food, w…
Resource is divided between competitors. Species adapt to com…
One species hunts, and consumes another organism. One species…
One organism depends on another (the host) for nourishment or…
Competition
Multiple organisms seeking the same limited resource (food, w…
Resource Partitioning
Resource is divided between competitors. Species adapt to com…
8 terms
Apes chapter 4 Species
Natural selection
Endemic species
Niche
Generalists species
Individual's ability to survive and produce offspring with th…
Species that are only found in one area
The rule that species plane its ecosystem
thrive in a wide variety of environmental conditions and can…
Natural selection
Individual's ability to survive and produce offspring with th…
Endemic species
Species that are only found in one area
15 terms
Chapter 4 Species and Speciation
Microevolution
Macroevolution
Testes
Biological Species Concept
Evolution of populations within a species.
Evolution of new species, families, and higher taxa.
The male organs responsible for sperm production.
The concept that species are defined as a group of organisms…
Microevolution
Evolution of populations within a species.
Macroevolution
Evolution of new species, families, and higher taxa.
73 terms
Chapter 4: Origin of Species
What is speciation?
What does speciation help explain?
What is microevolution?
What is macroevolution?
The process by which one species splits into two or more spec…
The unity of life.
Changes over time in allele frequencies in a population
The broad pattern of evolution above the species level.
What is speciation?
The process by which one species splits into two or more spec…
What does speciation help explain?
The unity of life.
59 terms
Chapter 4: Distributions of Species
Central part of biogeography
Geographic range
Edge of a range
Range maps
The proposition that each species has a unique geographic range
Area over which the populations of a species are distributed
Species are more sparsely located and more likely to undergo…
Maps depicting the geographic distribution of particular spec…
Central part of biogeography
The proposition that each species has a unique geographic range
Geographic range
Area over which the populations of a species are distributed
59 terms
Chapter 4: Distributions of Species
Central part of biography
Geographic range
Edge of a range
Range maps
The proposition that each species has a unique geographic range
Area over which the populations of a species are distributed
Species are more sparsely located and more likely to undergo…
Maps depicting the geographic distribution of particular spec…
Central part of biography
The proposition that each species has a unique geographic range
Geographic range
Area over which the populations of a species are distributed
13 terms
Miller.Chapter 4- Evolution and Foundation species
Geographic isolation
Reproductive isolation
Genetic engineering
Native species
Form of reproductive isolation in which two populations are s…
Separation of species or populations so that they cannot inte…
A technology that includes the process of manipulating or alt…
Plants, animals, fungi, and micro-organisms that occur natura…
Geographic isolation
Form of reproductive isolation in which two populations are s…
Reproductive isolation
Separation of species or populations so that they cannot inte…
21 terms
Chapter 4: Species and Ecosystem Diversity
Ecosystem 3
biodiversity
biomes
on large islands near the mainland
#1 Which of the following ecosystems would you expect to have…
#2 Regions supporting at least 1,500 endemic plant species ha…
#3 Ocean reefs, mangrove forests and salt marshes are all exa…
#4 Where would you find the highest number of species?
Ecosystem 3
#1 Which of the following ecosystems would you expect to have…
biodiversity
#2 Regions supporting at least 1,500 endemic plant species ha…
51 terms
Chapter 4: Species and Ecosystem Diversity
Conservation
Species Diversity
Species Richness
Species Evenness
The protection, management or restoration of species, ecosyst…
A measure of diversity that combines the number of species in…
The number of species in a community or living in a local are…
How evenly individuals are apportioned among the species inha…
Conservation
The protection, management or restoration of species, ecosyst…
Species Diversity
A measure of diversity that combines the number of species in…
8 terms
Chapter 4-Evolution and Species Interactions
habitat
ecological niche
adaptation
natural selection
place where an organism lives
role the organism has
a characteristic that improves an individual's ability to sur…
the features of an organism that help it survive and reproduc…
habitat
place where an organism lives
ecological niche
role the organism has
53 terms
Chapter 4 "The Human Species" Relethford
When scientists deny evolution, what d…
Things tell use WHAT happened and we m…
Biological Species Concept
If species A evolved into Species B, a…
Macroevolution, not microevolution
Why
A definition of species that focuses on reproductive capabili…
one of the probelms of BSC
When scientists deny evolution, what d…
Macroevolution, not microevolution
Things tell use WHAT happened and we m…
Why
34 terms
Chapter 4: Biological Communities & Species Interaction Vocabulary
Environmental indicators
Evolution
Natural Selection
Habitat
Sometimes the requirements and tolerances of species are usef…
A type of adaptation that operates at the population level an…
A process in which those members that are best suited for a p…
The place or set of environmental conditions in which a parti…
Environmental indicators
Sometimes the requirements and tolerances of species are usef…
Evolution
A type of adaptation that operates at the population level an…
27 terms
Chapter 4 - Species and Ecosystem Diversity
What was the world's first national pa…
What is richness?
What is evenness?
What is Diversity?
Yellowstone - 1872
Number of different species
Relative abundance of each species
Combines richness and eveness
What was the world's first national pa…
Yellowstone - 1872
What is richness?
Number of different species
38 terms
APES Chapter 4: Species Interactions and Community Ecology
competition
resource partitioning
predation
Parasitism
when multiple organisms seek the same limited resource.
the process in which species partition, or divide the resourc…
the process by which individuals of one species, a predator,…
the relationship in which one organism, the parasite depends…
competition
when multiple organisms seek the same limited resource.
resource partitioning
the process in which species partition, or divide the resourc…
30 terms
Chapter 4: Species Interactions & Community Ecology
Zebra Mussels
Phytoplankton
Zooplankton
Intraspecific Competition
Invasive species that disrupts aquatic ecosystems.
Microscopic, free-floating, autotrophic organisms that functi…
Animal-like. Consumers- will eat each other or the phytoplank…
Competition that takes places among members of the same speci…
Zebra Mussels
Invasive species that disrupts aquatic ecosystems.
Phytoplankton
Microscopic, free-floating, autotrophic organisms that functi…
67 terms
Chapter 4 - Species interactions and community ecology
biotic potential
phytoplankton
zooplankton
intraspecific competition
an organism's capacity to produce offspring
microscopic photosynthetic algae, protests, and cyanobacteria…
tiny aquatic animals that eat phytoplankton
competitive interactions between members of the same species
biotic potential
an organism's capacity to produce offspring
phytoplankton
microscopic photosynthetic algae, protests, and cyanobacteria…
21 terms
Chapter 4 Human Species Test Q's
"Deme" refers to
Gene Pool
Species are defined on the basis of
The Hardy-Weinberg Law is a __________…
the gene pool
breeding population
Reproductive Isolation
Mathematical
"Deme" refers to
the gene pool
Gene Pool
breeding population
30 terms
Chapter 4 Species Interactions and Community Ecology
Species Inteactions
Competition
Intraspecification
Interspecification
-Mutualism... -Commensalism... -Predation... -Parasitism... -Herbivory... -N…
Occurs when multiple species seek the same limited resources
Within one species
Between two species
Species Inteactions
-Mutualism... -Commensalism... -Predation... -Parasitism... -Herbivory... -N…
Competition
Occurs when multiple species seek the same limited resources
10 terms
Chapter 4: Species Interactions and Community Ecology
Temperate Deciduous Forest
Temperate Grasslands
Temperate Rainforest
Tropical rainforest
• Deciduous trees lose their leaves each fall and remain dorm…
• More extreme temperature difference between winter and summ…
• Coastal Pacific Northwest region... • Great deal of precipitat…
• Central America, South America, southeast Asia, and west Af…
Temperate Deciduous Forest
• Deciduous trees lose their leaves each fall and remain dorm…
Temperate Grasslands
• More extreme temperature difference between winter and summ…
17 terms
Chapter 4: Evolution, Biological Communities, and Species Interactions
Adaptation
Evolution
Natural selection
Mutations
Acquisition of traits that allow a species to survive in it's…
Species change over generations because individuals compete f…
The process of better-selected individuals passing their trai…
Changes to the DNA coding sequence and the changed sequences…
Adaptation
Acquisition of traits that allow a species to survive in it's…
Evolution
Species change over generations because individuals compete f…
49 terms
Chapter 4 Evolution, Biological Communities and Species Interactions
Adaptation
Trait must be
natural selection
Mutations
the acquisition of traits that allow a species to survive in…
genetic for it to evolve
The process of better-selected individuals passing their trai…
changes in DNA coding sequence that occur by chance (e.g., ra…
Adaptation
the acquisition of traits that allow a species to survive in…
Trait must be
genetic for it to evolve
22 terms
Chapter 4: Evolution, Biological Communities and Species Interactions
Indicators
Habitat
Ecological Niche
Competitive Exclusion Principle
Those whose critical tolerance limits can be used to judge en…
The place or set of environmental conditions in which a parti…
The fundamental role and position of a species (population) w…
A theory that no two populations of different species will oc…
Indicators
Those whose critical tolerance limits can be used to judge en…
Habitat
The place or set of environmental conditions in which a parti…
46 terms
Common Anatomical Terms for Equine Species (Chapter 4)
barrel
bars
cannon bone / shin bone
cheek
capacity of the chest or trunk
raised V-shaped structure on distal surface of hoof
third metacarpal (metatarsal) of the horse
fleshy portion of either side of the face; forms the sides of…
barrel
capacity of the chest or trunk
bars
raised V-shaped structure on distal surface of hoof
38 terms
APES Chapter 4: Species Interactions and Community Ecology
competition
resource partitioning
predation
Parasitism
when multiple organisms seek the same limited resource.
the process in which species partition, or divide the resourc…
the process by which individuals of one species, a predator,…
the relationship in which one organism, the parasite depends…
competition
when multiple organisms seek the same limited resource.
resource partitioning
the process in which species partition, or divide the resourc…
24 terms
ENV 1301 Chapter 4- Species and Ecosystem Diversity
Species Diversity
Species Richness
Species Evenness
Ecosystem Diversity
a measure of diversity that combines the number of species in…
number of different species in a community
how evenly individuals are apportioned among the species inha…
variety and extent of ecosystems in an area
Species Diversity
a measure of diversity that combines the number of species in…
Species Richness
number of different species in a community
40 terms
ENV 1301 - Chapter 4 - Species and Ecosystem Diversity
Conservation
Species Diversity
Species Richness
Species Evenness
The protection, management, or restoration of species, ecosys…
A measure of diversity that combines the number of species in…
The number of species in a community or living in a local are…
How evenly individuals are apportioned among the species inha…
Conservation
The protection, management, or restoration of species, ecosys…
Species Diversity
A measure of diversity that combines the number of species in…
22 terms
Chapter 4 - Evolution and Classification of Species
Biological species concept
Phylogenetic tree
Anagenesis
Chronospecies
A definition of species that focuses on reproductive capabili…
A diagram showing the evolutionary relationships between spec…
The transformation of a single species over time.
Labels given to different points in the evolutionary lineage…
Biological species concept
A definition of species that focuses on reproductive capabili…
Phylogenetic tree
A diagram showing the evolutionary relationships between spec…
39 terms
Chapter 4: The Forces of Evolution and the Formation of Species
Directional Selection... Pg. 98
Stabilizing Selection... Pg. 98
Gene Flow... Pg. 100
Inbreeding... Pg. 100
Natural selection that drives evolutionary change by selectin…
Selection that maintains a certain phenotype by selecting aga…
Movement of genes between populations.
Mating between close relatives.
Directional Selection... Pg. 98
Natural selection that drives evolutionary change by selectin…
Stabilizing Selection... Pg. 98
Selection that maintains a certain phenotype by selecting aga…
39 terms
chapter 4: the forces of evolution and the formation of species
directional selection
stabilizing selection
gene flow
inbreeding
natural selection that drives evolutionary change by selectin…
selection that maintains a certain phenotype by selecting aga…
movements of genes between populations
mating between close relatives
directional selection
natural selection that drives evolutionary change by selectin…
stabilizing selection
selection that maintains a certain phenotype by selecting aga…
22 terms
Chapter 4 (Section 1: Species Interactions)
Phytoplankton
Zooplankton
Intraspecific Competition
Interspecific Competition
Microscopic photosynthetic algae, protists, and cyanobacteria…
Tiny aquatic animals that feed on phytoplankton.
Competition that takes place among members of the same species.
Competition that takes place among members of two or more dif…
Phytoplankton
Microscopic photosynthetic algae, protists, and cyanobacteria…
Zooplankton
Tiny aquatic animals that feed on phytoplankton.
33 terms
Chapter 4 Species Interactions & Community Ecology
Amensalism
Biome
Boreal Forest
Carnivore
A relationship between organisms of two different species in…
A major regional complex of similar plant communities; a larg…
A broad band of mixed coniferous and deciduous trees that str…
A consumer that eats only animals (meat).
Amensalism
A relationship between organisms of two different species in…
Biome
A major regional complex of similar plant communities; a larg…
23 terms
Anthropology 201 - Chapter 4 From Variant to Species
What Darwin didn't know
What Huxley didn't know
Hardy-Weinburg Equillibrium
Microevolutionary Forces
Where variation came from (Mutation)... How it was maintained an…
Natural selection isn't the only force changing... gene frequenc…
An equation that specifies the conditions under which... frequen…
Mutation, Gene Flow, Genetic Drift, Natural Selection
What Darwin didn't know
Where variation came from (Mutation)... How it was maintained an…
What Huxley didn't know
Natural selection isn't the only force changing... gene frequenc…
30 terms
Chapter 4: Species Interactions & Community Ecology
Zebra Mussels
Phytoplankton
Zooplankton
Intraspecific Competition
Invasive species that disrupts aquatic ecosystems.
Microscopic photosynthetic algae, Protista, and Cyanobacteria…
Tiny aquatic animals that feed on on phytoplankton an general…
Competition that takes places among members of the same speci…
Zebra Mussels
Invasive species that disrupts aquatic ecosystems.
Phytoplankton
Microscopic photosynthetic algae, Protista, and Cyanobacteria…
44 terms
Chapter 4: Species Interactions and Community Ecology
Amensalism
Autotrophs
Biome
Boreal Forest (Taiga)
a relationship in which one organism is harmed and the other…
organisms that make their own food
a large region characterized by a specific type of climate an…
a swamp filled, moist forest
Amensalism
a relationship in which one organism is harmed and the other…
Autotrophs
organisms that make their own food
17 terms
Chapter 4 (Different Shapes & Different Species): Key Terms
Information
Genome
Gene
Genotype
What any arrangement that can code for some activity has
A set of information that has sufficient information to guide…
A single instruction within a genome
An organism's specific constitution of genetic information
Information
What any arrangement that can code for some activity has
Genome
A set of information that has sufficient information to guide…
66 terms
Chapter 4 "Species Interaction and Community Ecology"
Zebra Mussels
Competition
Exploitative
Mutualism
In 1988, mussels were accidentally introduced to Lake St. Cla…
Both species are harmed and multiple organisms seek limited r…
One species benefits and the other is harmed
Both species benefit from their interactions (2 or more)
Zebra Mussels
In 1988, mussels were accidentally introduced to Lake St. Cla…
Competition
Both species are harmed and multiple organisms seek limited r…
44 terms
Chapter 4: Species Interactions and Community Ecology
Autotrophs
Biome
Boreal Forest(taiga)
Chaparral
An organism that is able to form nutritional organic substanc…
A large naturally occurring community of flora and fauna occu…
Swampy moist forest is found nearly continuous belt across No…
Vegetation consisting chiefly of tangled shrubs
Autotrophs
An organism that is able to form nutritional organic substanc…
Biome
A large naturally occurring community of flora and fauna occu…
44 terms
Chapter 4: Species Interactions and Community Ecology
Amensalism
Autotrophs
Biome
Boreal Forest(taiga)
Any relationship between organisms of different species in wh…
An organism that is able to form nutritional organic substanc…
A large naturally occurring community of flora and fauna occu…
Swampy moist forest is found nearly continuous belt across No…
Amensalism
Any relationship between organisms of different species in wh…
Autotrophs
An organism that is able to form nutritional organic substanc…
8 terms
Chapter 4 lesson 2- How species changed?
Selective breeding
Homologous structure
Natural selection
Charles Darwin
The mating of plants and animals with certain traits to produ…
Similar body structures on different species
The idea that organisms best adapted to their environment wil…
Proposed the theory of evolution by natural selection
Selective breeding
The mating of plants and animals with certain traits to produ…
Homologous structure
Similar body structures on different species
44 terms
Chapter 4: Species Interactions and Community Ecology
Amensalism
Autotrophs
Biome
Boreal Forest (Taiga)
a relationship in which one organism is harmed and the other…
organisms that make their own food
A large region characterized by a specific type of climate an…
a swamp filled, moist forest
Amensalism
a relationship in which one organism is harmed and the other…
Autotrophs
organisms that make their own food
60 terms
Chapter 4- Species interactions and community ecology
intraspecific competition
interspecific competition
competition
competitive exclusion
competition between the same species
competition between different species
when multiple organisms seek the same limited resource
when one species if an effective competitor and excludes anot…
intraspecific competition
competition between the same species
interspecific competition
competition between different species
43 terms
Chapter 4 Species Interactions and Community Ecology
amensalism
autotrophs
boreal forest(taiga)
chapparral
a relationship between organisms of two different species in…
organisms that create their own food
Dense forest of evergreens located in the upper regions of th…
-Very hot and dry summer, mild wet winter, slight variation o…
amensalism
a relationship between organisms of two different species in…
autotrophs
organisms that create their own food
32 terms
Chapter 4 - Species Interactions and Community Ecology
Competition
Resource Partitioning
Predation
Parasitism
When multiple organisms seek the same limited resource, their…
Species partition, or divide, the resources they use in commo…
Process by which individuals of one species, the predator, hu…
A relationship in which one organism, the parasite, depends o…
Competition
When multiple organisms seek the same limited resource, their…
Resource Partitioning
Species partition, or divide, the resources they use in commo…
8 terms
Chapter 4 lesson 2-How species change
Selective breeding
Homologous structure
Natural selection
Charles Darwin
The mating of plants and animals with certain traits to produ…
Similar body structures on different species
The idea that organisms best adapted to their environment wil…
Proposed the theory of evolution by natural selection
Selective breeding
The mating of plants and animals with certain traits to produ…
Homologous structure
Similar body structures on different species
48 terms
Chapter 4: Species Interactions and Community Ecology
competition
exploitative interaction
Mutualism
infraspecific competition
relationship in which both species are harmed
one species benefits and the other is harmed... predation, para…
relationship in which both species benefit
occurs between members of the same species... high population d…
competition
relationship in which both species are harmed
exploitative interaction
one species benefits and the other is harmed... predation, para…
12 terms
Ch 4. Species Interactions
Mullerian mimicry
Competitive exclusion principle
Fundamental niche
Exploitation
Dangerous or distasteful species resemble each other
States that 2 species with identical niches cannot coexist ov…
Includes environmental conditions that the species can tolera…
One organism benefits, while the other is harmed from the int…
Mullerian mimicry
Dangerous or distasteful species resemble each other
Competitive exclusion principle
States that 2 species with identical niches cannot coexist ov…
21 terms
Chapter 4: Species Interaction and Community Ecology
Predators vs. Prey
Parasites
Herbivores
Mutualism
individuals of one species hunt and consume individuals of an…
specie depends on the host species for nourishments or other…
plant eating insects
when species interact, they may benefit each other by providi…
Predators vs. Prey
individuals of one species hunt and consume individuals of an…
Parasites
specie depends on the host species for nourishments or other…
43 terms
Chapter 4 Species Interactions and Community Ecology
amensalism
autotrophs
biome
boreal forest (taiga)
Association between two organisms of two different species in…
An organism that can use the energy from sunlight to produce…
A major regional complex of similar plant communities; a ecol…
A biome of northern coniferous forest that stretches in a bro…
amensalism
Association between two organisms of two different species in…
autotrophs
An organism that can use the energy from sunlight to produce…
59 terms
Chapter 4: Species Interactions and Community Ecology
Phytoplankton
Zooplankton
Competition
Intraspecific Competition
Microscopic photosynthetic algae, protists, and cyanobacteria…
Tiny aquatic animals that feed on phytoplankton and comprise…
A relationship in which multiple organisms seek the same limi…
Competition that takes place among members of the same species.
Phytoplankton
Microscopic photosynthetic algae, protists, and cyanobacteria…
Zooplankton
Tiny aquatic animals that feed on phytoplankton and comprise…
42 terms
Chapter 4 Species Interactions and Community Ecology
Amensalism
Autotrophs
Biome
Boreal Forest (Taiga)
association between organisms of two different species in whi…
An organism that is able to use the energy of sunlight to pro…
A major regional complex with similar plant communities
A biome of northern coniferous forests that stretches across…
Amensalism
association between organisms of two different species in whi…
Autotrophs
An organism that is able to use the energy of sunlight to pro…
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