Study sets matching "spinal anatomy lab"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "spinal anatomy lab"

49 terms
Spinal Anatomy
Uncinate Process
Semi-Lunar Facets
Articular Pillars
True Transverse Process
The lips on the superior lateral aspects of the vertebral bod…
Lateral depressions on the inferior aspect of the of the vert…
The combination of correctly aligned and stacked Zygapophysea…
The posterior "bar," ending laterally with the posterior tube…
Uncinate Process
The lips on the superior lateral aspects of the vertebral bod…
Semi-Lunar Facets
Lateral depressions on the inferior aspect of the of the vert…
109 terms
Spinal Anatomy
Spinal Column, Backbone, Spine
Skull, vertebral column, ribs, sternum…
Bony vertebrae and fibrocartilagenous…
By strong ligaments
What are the other descriptive names of the vertebral column?
What structures make up the axial skeleton?
The vertebral column is formed by what two alternating struct…
How are the vertebrae connected?
Spinal Column, Backbone, Spine
What are the other descriptive names of the vertebral column?
Skull, vertebral column, ribs, sternum…
What structures make up the axial skeleton?
195 terms
Spinal Anatomy
How many segments are in an adult huma…
What other bones are closely integrate…
What is a kyphotic curve?
What is a lordotic curve?
26 (24 vertebrae, sacrum, coccyx)
occipital, temporal, 12 ribs, sternum, and os coxae bones
posterior convexity, anterior concavity
posterior concavity, anterior convexity
How many segments are in an adult huma…
26 (24 vertebrae, sacrum, coccyx)
What other bones are closely integrate…
occipital, temporal, 12 ribs, sternum, and os coxae bones
45 terms
Spinal Anatomy
Abduction
Adduction
Axial parts
Appendicular parts
Moving away from body
moving toward body
includes the head, neck, and trunk
includes the limbs which are attached to the body's axis
Abduction
Moving away from body
Adduction
moving toward body
42 terms
Spinal Anatomy
superficial layer of intrinsic back mu…
intermediate layer of intrinsic back m…
deep layer of intrinsic back muscles
minor deep layer of intrinsic back mus…
splenius
erector spinae (iliocostalis, longissimus, spinalis)
transversospinalis (semispinalis, multifidus, rotatores)
interspinalis, intertransverseraii, levatores costarum)
superficial layer of intrinsic back mu…
splenius
intermediate layer of intrinsic back m…
erector spinae (iliocostalis, longissimus, spinalis)
289 terms
Spinal Anatomy Exam 1
What are the four basic tissues of the…
What is the function of each type of b…
What is the primary constituent of the…
What types of glycoaminoglycans predom…
epithelial, muscle, neural and connective tissue
osteoblast - form bone; osteocyte - maintain or nurture bone;…
glycosaminoglycans
chondroitin sulfates, keratin sulfates & hyaluronic acid
What are the four basic tissues of the…
epithelial, muscle, neural and connective tissue
What is the function of each type of b…
osteoblast - form bone; osteocyte - maintain or nurture bone;…
Spinal Anatomy
spinal nerve
dura mater
arachnoid mater
subarachnoid space
spinal nerve
dura mater
41 terms
Spinal Anatomy II
Which muscle(s) can do ipsilateral spi…
Which muscle(s) can do contralateral s…
Levator Scapula (I/O/A/N)
Typical location of motatory nerves
Splenius
Semispinalis, Multifidus, and Rotatores
O: TP of C1-C4... I: Superior portion of medial border of Scapul…
Deep to the Muscle they intervate
Which muscle(s) can do ipsilateral spi…
Splenius
Which muscle(s) can do contralateral s…
Semispinalis, Multifidus, and Rotatores
50 terms
Spinal Cord Anatomy
epidural space
subarachnoid space
central canal
dura mater
What is the area labelled A called?
What is the area labelled B called?
What is the area labelled C called?
Identify A.
epidural space
What is the area labelled A called?
subarachnoid space
What is the area labelled B called?
205 terms
Spinal Anatomy, Fall 2016
Osteology
How many elements are in the vertebral…
What elements make up the vertebral co…
What other bones are functionally asso…
The study of bones
26
24 vertebrae, the sacrum, and the coccyx
The occipital and temporal bones of the skull, the 12 ribs an…
Osteology
The study of bones
How many elements are in the vertebral…
26
119 terms
Spinal Anatomy
Stages in development of Vertebrae
Mesodermal
Chondrification
Ossification
1. Mesodermal... 2. Chondrification... 3.Ossification
-Blue print... -mesenchymal condensation of paired sclerotomes a…
-Base... -mesodermal layer replaced by cartilage... -begins in cerv…
-Building... -last stage of vertebral development... -occurs in the…
Stages in development of Vertebrae
1. Mesodermal... 2. Chondrification... 3.Ossification
Mesodermal
-Blue print... -mesenchymal condensation of paired sclerotomes a…
Spinal Anatomy
Translation movements
Transitional movements
Kyphotic curve
Lordotic curve
Forward translation: +Z ... Backward translation: -Z... Upward tran…
Flexion :+ӨX... Extension: -ӨX... Right Lateral Flexion: +ӨZ... Left L…
-Concave ... -prenatal... -thoracic & sacrum
-convex... -postnatal ... -cervical & lumbar regions
Translation movements
Forward translation: +Z ... Backward translation: -Z... Upward tran…
Transitional movements
Flexion :+ӨX... Extension: -ӨX... Right Lateral Flexion: +ӨZ... Left L…
418 terms
Spinal Anatomy Exam 2
What nerve indents the articular pilla…
What is the classic angulation of a ty…
Recent work suggests what angulation f…
What is the orientation of the typical…
the medial branch of the dorsal ramus of a cervical spinal ne…
40 to 45 degrees from the coronal plane
55-60 degrees
backward, upward, medial (BUM)
What nerve indents the articular pilla…
the medial branch of the dorsal ramus of a cervical spinal ne…
What is the classic angulation of a ty…
40 to 45 degrees from the coronal plane
Anatomy Spinal Nerves
Ventral Rootlets
Dorsal rootlets
Ventral roots
Dorsal roots
12
18
Ventral Rootlets
Dorsal rootlets
159 terms
Spinal Anatomy
What are the four basic tissues of the…
What is osteology?
What are the three primary cell types…
what are the bone cells embedded in?
epithelial, muscle, neural & connective tissue
the study of bone
osteoblast-form bone; osteocyte-maintain or nurture bone; ost…
an amorphous matrix consisting of ground substance, protein f…
What are the four basic tissues of the…
epithelial, muscle, neural & connective tissue
What is osteology?
the study of bone
10 terms
Spinal anatomy section 1
Fibrous capsule
Periosteum
What makes pop noise
Bones connected to bones by
Continuation of periosteum
Skin of the bone, covers the bone
Nitrogen gas
Ligaments
Fibrous capsule
Continuation of periosteum
Periosteum
Skin of the bone, covers the bone
Spinal Anatomy
# of segments in a child's spinal colu…
When do the first three segments of th…
When do the lower two segments of the…
When do the coccegeal segments fuse?
33 (24 spine, 5 saccryl, 4 coccygeal
between 9-11 years old
18-20 yrs old
1 every 5 years. Done between 25-30 years old.
# of segments in a child's spinal colu…
33 (24 spine, 5 saccryl, 4 coccygeal
When do the first three segments of th…
between 9-11 years old
23 terms
Spinal Cord & Spinal Nerves Anatomy
Dorsal Ramus (Sensory and Somatic moto…
Ventral Ramus (Sensory and Somatic mot…
Sympathetic ANS Motor (Thoracolumbar)
Dura Mater
Name of ramus? Sensory, Somatic motor, and/or ANS motor? Fron…
#20. Name of ramus? Sensory, Somatic motor, and/or ANS motor?…
Chain ganglia. Sympathetic or parasympathetic? Sensory, Somat…
#9. Mater?
Dorsal Ramus (Sensory and Somatic moto…
Name of ramus? Sensory, Somatic motor, and/or ANS motor? Fron…
Ventral Ramus (Sensory and Somatic mot…
#20. Name of ramus? Sensory, Somatic motor, and/or ANS motor?…
12 terms
Spinal Cord Anatomy
A
B
C
D
Dorsal root ganglion
Central canal
White matter
Dorsal horn of gray matter
A
Dorsal root ganglion
B
Central canal
116 terms
Spinal Anatomy
What is the primary curvature of the s…
What is the secondary curvature of the…
What are the borders of the vertebral…
What are the contents of the vertebral…
Kyphosis (12 thoracic and 5 sacral)
Lordosis (7 cervical and 5 lumbar)
Anterior= body, Lateral= pedicles, Posterior= spinous process
Spinal cord, meninges, nerve roots, and blood vessels
What is the primary curvature of the s…
Kyphosis (12 thoracic and 5 sacral)
What is the secondary curvature of the…
Lordosis (7 cervical and 5 lumbar)
201 terms
Spinal Anatomy Exam 2
How many false vertebrae do you have i…
Swayback is aka?
How many pairs of IVFs do you have?
The transverse ligament begins and end…
2
Hyper-lordosis
31
C1
How many false vertebrae do you have i…
2
Swayback is aka?
Hyper-lordosis
Spinal anatomy
first layer
second layer
shoulder muscles
third layer
trapezius muscle, thoracolumbar fascia, latissimus dorsi muscle
rhomboid major, rhomboid minor, levator scapulae
supraspinatus muscle, infraspinatus muscle, teres major, tere…
serratus posterior superior, serratus posterior inferior
first layer
trapezius muscle, thoracolumbar fascia, latissimus dorsi muscle
second layer
rhomboid major, rhomboid minor, levator scapulae
33 terms
Spinal anatomy - spinal cord
The spinal cord is transversely broad…
What enlargement is found between C3 a…
In which segment we can find the great…
C6 has the greatest transverse diamete…
T
Cervical enlargement
C6
38
The spinal cord is transversely broad…
T
What enlargement is found between C3 a…
Cervical enlargement
127 terms
Spinal Anatomy
Element number of vertebral column
Comprises vertebral column
Length of vertebral column
Bones functionally associated with ver…
26 (formed from 32-34 segments)
24 vertebrae, sacrum, coccyx
25 in in females, 28 inches in males
occipital and temporal bones of skull, ribs, sternum, hip bones
Element number of vertebral column
26 (formed from 32-34 segments)
Comprises vertebral column
24 vertebrae, sacrum, coccyx
39 terms
Spinal Anatomy
Trapezius
Scapula
scapular spine
rhomboid minor
origin: T1... insertion: medial border at level of spine of scap…
Trapezius
Scapula
38 terms
Spinal Anatomy
Cervical Level (C1-C8)
Cervical Enlargement
Thoracic Level (T1-T12)
Lumbar Level (L1-L5)
Top
Orange
Middle
Submiddle
Cervical Level (C1-C8)
Top
Cervical Enlargement
Orange
52 terms
Spinal Anatomy
How many vertebrae are there?
cervical vertebrae
thoracic vertebrae
lumbar vertebrae
33
7
12
5
How many vertebrae are there?
33
cervical vertebrae
7
38 terms
Spinal Anatomy section 1 spinal column
The spinal column is also known as the:
Different parts of the spinal column:
Parts of the spinal cord in a child 8…
Spinal column in the adult
Vertebral column, central axis, back bone
The spine... The sacrum... The coccyx
-33 individual segments... A. 24 segments in the spine... B. 5 segm…
-26 individual segments... A. 24 in the spine... B. 1 sacrum... -firs…
The spinal column is also known as the:
Vertebral column, central axis, back bone
Different parts of the spinal column:
The spine... The sacrum... The coccyx
83 terms
Spinal Anatomy
Cervical enlargement
Thoracic vertebrae
Lumbar enlargement
Sacral region
The cervical enlargement corresponds with the attachments of…
thoracic vertebrae compose the middle segment of the vertebra…
A widened area of the spinal cord that gives attachment to th…
The sacral region (sacrum) is at the bottom of the spine and…
Cervical enlargement
The cervical enlargement corresponds with the attachments of…
Thoracic vertebrae
thoracic vertebrae compose the middle segment of the vertebra…
17 terms
Spinal Anatomy
Erector Spinae - Origin (Iliocostalis,…
Erector Spinae - Insertion (Iliocostal…
Erector Spinae - Insertion (Longissimus)
Erector Spinae - Insertion (Spinalis)
Posterior sacrum, Iliac Crest, Sacrospinous ligament, suprasp…
Angles of lower ribs, cervical transverse processes
Between tubercles and angels of ribs, transverse processes of…
Spinous processes of upper thoracic and midclavicular vertebrae
Erector Spinae - Origin (Iliocostalis,…
Posterior sacrum, Iliac Crest, Sacrospinous ligament, suprasp…
Erector Spinae - Insertion (Iliocostal…
Angles of lower ribs, cervical transverse processes
229 terms
SPINAL ANATOMY
What are the three main types of joint…
Explain a fibrous joint ?
Give three types of fibrous joint exam…
Give an example of a suture joint.
Fibrous joints... Cartilaginous joints... Synovial joints
No cavity and is held together from fibrous connective tissue
Sutures... Syndesmosis... Gomphosis
The flat bones of the skull where they meet at are called sut…
What are the three main types of joint…
Fibrous joints... Cartilaginous joints... Synovial joints
Explain a fibrous joint ?
No cavity and is held together from fibrous connective tissue
SPINAL ANATOMY
What are the three main types of joint…
Explain a fibrous joint ?
Give three types of fibrous joint exam…
Give an example of a suture joint.
Fibrous joints... Cartilaginous joints... Synovial joints
No cavity and is held together from fibrous connective tissue
Sutures... Syndesmosis... Gomphosis
The flat bones of the skull where they meet at are called sut…
What are the three main types of joint…
Fibrous joints... Cartilaginous joints... Synovial joints
Explain a fibrous joint ?
No cavity and is held together from fibrous connective tissue
5 terms
spinal anatomy: Splenius capitiis
splenius capitis origin:
splenius capitis insertion:
splenius action:
splenius capitis innervation
(inferior attachment): Fascia and spinous processes of sevent…
(superior attachment): lateral one third of the superior nuch…
extends and hyper extends the head; contraction of only one s…
dodrsal rami of the middle cervical nerves
splenius capitis origin:
(inferior attachment): Fascia and spinous processes of sevent…
splenius capitis insertion:
(superior attachment): lateral one third of the superior nuch…
26 terms
Spinal Anatomy
Bone-forming cells
Bone nurturing or mature cells
Bone remodeling cells
Cells in bone are surrounded by or emb…
Osteoblasts
Osteoctyes
Osteoclasts
matrix
Bone-forming cells
Osteoblasts
Bone nurturing or mature cells
Osteoctyes
38 terms
Spinal anatomy: muscles
Muscle strucure
Myofibrils
Actin
Myosin
Each muscle has things called myofibrils
Are individual proteins inside muscles
Thin filaments
Thick filaments
Muscle strucure
Each muscle has things called myofibrils
Myofibrils
Are individual proteins inside muscles
28 terms
Spinal Anatomy
thoracic diaphragm
intercostal muscles
psoas
iliacus
A main muscle used in the process of breathing; a dome-shaped…
Muscles located in between the ribs that play a role in venti…
Flexes the thigh
Flexes thigh at the hip
thoracic diaphragm
A main muscle used in the process of breathing; a dome-shaped…
intercostal muscles
Muscles located in between the ribs that play a role in venti…
455 terms
Spinal Anatomy - Test 1
What comprises the axial skeleton?
What comprises the appendicular skelet…
What are the functions of bone (there…
What is the primary mineral found in b…
Bones of the skull, ribs, sternum, vertebral column, and hyoi…
Bones of the limbs, pectoral girdle, and pelvic girdle
Support, storage of minerals, blood cell production, protecti…
Calcium
What comprises the axial skeleton?
Bones of the skull, ribs, sternum, vertebral column, and hyoi…
What comprises the appendicular skelet…
Bones of the limbs, pectoral girdle, and pelvic girdle
38 terms
Anatomy of the Spinal Cord and Spinal Nerve
COMPONENTS OF A SPINAL NERVE
AFFERENT PATHWAY
EFFERENT PATHWAY
SOMATIC DIVISION OF THE NERVOUS SYSTEM
- Each spinal nerve arises from a spinal cord segment. Each s…
brings sensory information to the CNS from receptors in perip…
carries motor commands from CNS to muscles, glands, and adipo…
the efferent division of the nervous systems that innervates…
COMPONENTS OF A SPINAL NERVE
- Each spinal nerve arises from a spinal cord segment. Each s…
AFFERENT PATHWAY
brings sensory information to the CNS from receptors in perip…
21 terms
spinal cord anatomy
autonomic nervous system
sympathetic system
3 cervical ganglia
middle cervical ganglion
sympathetic system... parasympathetic system
22 ganglia... 3 cervical... 11 thoracic... 4 lumbar... 4 sacral
stellate... middle ... superior
1. most at risk a level of c6... 2. it lies close to the medial…
autonomic nervous system
sympathetic system... parasympathetic system
sympathetic system
22 ganglia... 3 cervical... 11 thoracic... 4 lumbar... 4 sacral
Anatomy Spinal Cord
Anterior median fissure
Posterior median sulcus
Cervical enlargement
Lumbar enlargement
Anterior median fissure
Posterior median sulcus
spinal anatomy
most of the arterial supply to the spine
segemental arteries from vertebral, as…
venous drainage of the spine
T or F venous drainage of the spine is…
the anterior and posterior spinal aa. from the vertebral aa.
radiuclar aa. mostly from the vertebral aa.
anterior and posterior spinal veins and radicular veins--> in…
T
most of the arterial supply to the spine
the anterior and posterior spinal aa. from the vertebral aa.
segemental arteries from vertebral, as…
radiuclar aa. mostly from the vertebral aa.
10 terms
Spinal Cord Anatomy
Central Canal
Dorsal Root
Dorsal Root Ganglion
Ventral Root
location of cell bodies of sensory neurons.
Central Canal
Dorsal Root
62 terms
Spinal Anatomy
Bones that make up the axial and appen…
Classifications of bone
Anterior bony landmarks
Posterior bony landmarks
a) Axial (80 bones) - skull, vertebral column, ossicles, hyoi…
a) Long bones - found in limbs, length > width, diaphysis → m…
C3 Hyoid bone... C4-C5 Thyroid cartilage... C6 Cricoid cartilage... C5…
EOP Same line as superior nuchal line... C2 SP First prominent s…
Bones that make up the axial and appen…
a) Axial (80 bones) - skull, vertebral column, ossicles, hyoi…
Classifications of bone
a) Long bones - found in limbs, length > width, diaphysis → m…
36 terms
Spinal Anatomy: Week 1
primary functions of the spine (5)
axial skeleton (3)
appendicular skeleton (4)
regions of the spine (5)
-support of the body... -protection & conduit of the pinal cord…
-spine... -skull... -thoracic cage
-shoulder girdle... -upper extremities... -pelvis... -lower extremities
-Cervical—neck... -Thoracic—mid-‐back... -Lumbar—low back... -Sacral—b…
primary functions of the spine (5)
-support of the body... -protection & conduit of the pinal cord…
axial skeleton (3)
-spine... -skull... -thoracic cage
43 terms
Spinal Anatomy2: Spinal Osteology
What is part 1 of vertebral a?
What is part 2 of vertebral a.?
What is part 3 of vertebral a.?
What is part 4 of vertebral a.?
ascends through lower cervical transverse foramen starting at…
ascends through upper cervical transverse foramen
goes through transverse foramen and around lateral mass ... lat…
passes superiorly and mediially to foramen magnum
What is part 1 of vertebral a?
ascends through lower cervical transverse foramen starting at…
What is part 2 of vertebral a.?
ascends through upper cervical transverse foramen
15 terms
Anatomy Lab: Spinal Cord
Components of gray matter
Dorsal horn
Ventral horn
Lateral horn
-dorsal horn... -ventral horn... -lateral horn... -gray commissure
Components of gray matter
-dorsal horn... -ventral horn... -lateral horn... -gray commissure
Dorsal horn
Spinal Anatomy
Superior Articular Process
Spinous Process
Transverse Process
Inferior Articular Process
Superior Articular Process
Spinous Process
Spinal Anatomy (Cervical and Thoracic)
Osteology
Axial skeleton
Kyphotic
Anteriorly
the scientific study of bones
bones of the head and trunk
primary curves are considered to be
in primary curves, which direction does concavity face?
Osteology
the scientific study of bones
Axial skeleton
bones of the head and trunk
53 terms
Spinal Cord and Spinal Nerve Anatomy
Spinal cord
Spinal nerves
Cervical enlargement
Spinal nerve root
Plays two important roles:... Convey sensory information from i…
31 pairs
Supplies nerves to the brachial plexus
Point at which spinal nerve arises from spinal cord
Spinal cord
Plays two important roles:... Convey sensory information from i…
Spinal nerves
31 pairs
Spinal Cord Anatomy
Meninges
Spinal Cord
Conus Medullaris
Cauda Equina
Meninges
Spinal Cord
1 of 10