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Study sets matching "spinal anatomy somatic reflexes"

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Study sets matching "spinal anatomy somatic reflexes"

52 terms
Lecture 23: Spinal Cord Anatomy and Somatic Reflexes
spinal cord
vertebral foramina
intervertebral foramina
conus medullaris
a cylinder of nervous tissue that begins at the inferior end…
Where does the spinal cord pass through?
Where do the spinal nerves that stem from the spinal cord pas…
location where the solid tissue ends on the spinal cord
spinal cord
a cylinder of nervous tissue that begins at the inferior end…
vertebral foramina
Where does the spinal cord pass through?
52 terms
Lecture 23: Spinal Cord Anatomy and Somatic Reflexes
spinal cord
vertebral foramina
intervertebral foramina
conus medullaris
a cylinder of nervous tissue that begins at the inferior end…
Where does the spinal cord pass through?
Where do the spinal nerves that stem from the spinal cord pas…
location where the solid tissue ends on the spinal cord
spinal cord
a cylinder of nervous tissue that begins at the inferior end…
vertebral foramina
Where does the spinal cord pass through?
65 terms
Anatomy 2: Chapter 13 The Spinal Cord, Spinal Nerves, and Somatic Reflexes
False
True
True
True
Spinal cord conducts signals up and down the body passing thr…
Cervical and lumbar enlargements are wide points in the cord…
Each portion of the spinal cord served by a spinal nerve is c…
Nerve fibers in a given tract in the white matter are similar…
False
Spinal cord conducts signals up and down the body passing thr…
True
Cervical and lumbar enlargements are wide points in the cord…
27 terms
Anatomy Exam 3: The Spinal Cord, Spinal Nerves, and Somatic Reflexes
precentral gyrus of the cerebrum
corticospinal
anterior horn
touch
The upper motor neurons that control skeletal muscles begin w…
The signals that control your handwriting travel down the spi…
Many upper motor neurons synapse with lower motor neurons in…
Which of the following sensory functions involves neurons in…
precentral gyrus of the cerebrum
The upper motor neurons that control skeletal muscles begin w…
corticospinal
The signals that control your handwriting travel down the spi…
81 terms
Ch. 13 Anatomy and Physiology: Spinal Cord, Spinal Nerves and Somatic reflexes
what are the functions of the spinal c…
How far does the spinal cord run?
How many spinal nerve pairs are there?
What is a segment?
conduction, neural integration, locomotion, reflexes
from brainstem through foramen magnum and goes to L1
31
part of spinal cord supplied by each pair of spinal nerves
what are the functions of the spinal c…
conduction, neural integration, locomotion, reflexes
How far does the spinal cord run?
from brainstem through foramen magnum and goes to L1
46 terms
Anatomy Chapter 13: Spinal cord, spinal nerves, and somatic reflexes
Conduction
Neural integration
Locomotion
Reflexes
Contains bundles of nerve fibers that conduct information up…
Pools of spinal neurons receive input from multiple sources,…
Walking involves repetitive, coordinated contractions of seve…
quick, involuntary, stereotyped reactions of glands or muscle…
Conduction
Contains bundles of nerve fibers that conduct information up…
Neural integration
Pools of spinal neurons receive input from multiple sources,…
16 terms
Somatic Spinal Reflexes
Signal transmission occurs both ______…
Monosynaptic v. Polysynaptic reflexes
Extrafusal fibers
Muscle spindles
Within cell:... - Occurs either via ... 1) Propagation of local p…
Monosynaptic reflexes... - Involve 2 neurons ... Polysynaptic ... - 2…
Muscle fibers that produce power of muscles ... *Muscle spindle…
Embedded within extrafusal fibers... Measures stretch & consist…
Signal transmission occurs both ______…
Within cell:... - Occurs either via ... 1) Propagation of local p…
Monosynaptic v. Polysynaptic reflexes
Monosynaptic reflexes... - Involve 2 neurons ... Polysynaptic ... - 2…
56 terms
Anatomy Chapter 13 Spinal Cord, Spinal Nerves, and Somatic Reflexes
Functions of Spinal Cord
Anatomy of Spinal Cord
Lower Spinal Cord
Meninges of Spinal Cord
- conduction... - neural integration ... - locomotion... - reflexes
- cylinder of nerve tissue within vertebral canal... - 31 pairs…
- cervical and lumbar enlargements... - Medullary Cone: tapered…
- 3 fibrous layers enclosing spinal cord ... 1.) Dura mater... 2.)…
Functions of Spinal Cord
- conduction... - neural integration ... - locomotion... - reflexes
Anatomy of Spinal Cord
- cylinder of nerve tissue within vertebral canal... - 31 pairs…
8 terms
somatic spinal reflexes
define spinal reflex
2 types of muscle fibers involved in a…
define muscle spindle
steps of a spinal reflex
stereotyped and fixed motor response to an external stimulus
1. extrafusal fibers: produce muscle pwr... 2. intrafusal fibers…
embedded within extrafusal fibers. sensory structures. measur…
1. tap stretches extrafusal and intrafusal fibers, exciting m…
define spinal reflex
stereotyped and fixed motor response to an external stimulus
2 types of muscle fibers involved in a…
1. extrafusal fibers: produce muscle pwr... 2. intrafusal fibers…
119 terms
Anatomy chapter 13: The spinal cord,spinal nerves, and somatic reflexs
what are the four functions of the spi…
A group of motor neurons in the brain…
The ____ is a cylinder of nervous tiss…
what are the four divisions of the spi…
conduction, neural integration, locomotion, and reflexes
central pattern generators
spinal cord
cervical, thoracic, lumbar, and sacral
what are the four functions of the spi…
conduction, neural integration, locomotion, and reflexes
A group of motor neurons in the brain…
central pattern generators
33 terms
Anatomy midterm (chapter 13) The Spinal Cord, Spinal Nerves, and Somatic Reflexes
Name the two types of tissue that prot…
Name the outer most layer of the menin…
Name the inner most layer of the menin…
Name the middle layer of the meninges.
1. Vertebral bone ... 2. Connective tissue Meninges (meninx)
Dura mater
Pita mater
Arachnoid mater
Name the two types of tissue that prot…
1. Vertebral bone ... 2. Connective tissue Meninges (meninx)
Name the outer most layer of the menin…
Dura mater
62 terms
Spinal nerves and somatic reflexes
PNS
Ganglia
Motor or Efferents division
Sensory or afferent division
all nervous tissue outside of the CNS, includes cranial and s…
clusters of cell bodies in PNS
which innervates muscle cells and glands
which innervates the skin, joints, special sensory organs, an…
PNS
all nervous tissue outside of the CNS, includes cranial and s…
Ganglia
clusters of cell bodies in PNS
12 terms
Somatic Spinal reflexes
4 somatic spinal reflexes
Stretch Reflex
Ipsilateral reflex
Reciprocal innervation:
1. Stretch Reflex... 2. Tendon Reflex... 3. Flexor (withdrawal) Ref…
monosynaptic reflex with only one synapse in the CNS
Sensory nerve impulses enter the spinal cord on the SAME side…
components of a neural circuit simultaneously cause contracti…
4 somatic spinal reflexes
1. Stretch Reflex... 2. Tendon Reflex... 3. Flexor (withdrawal) Ref…
Stretch Reflex
monosynaptic reflex with only one synapse in the CNS
119 terms
Anatomy chapter 13: The spinal cord,spinal nerves, and somatic reflexs
what are the four functions of the spi…
A group of motor neurons in the brain…
The ____ is a cylinder of nervous tiss…
what are the four divisions of the spi…
conduction, neural integration, locomotion, and reflexes
central pattern generators
spinal cord
cervical, thoracic, lumbar, and sacral
what are the four functions of the spi…
conduction, neural integration, locomotion, and reflexes
A group of motor neurons in the brain…
central pattern generators
20 terms
Ch. 13 - The Spinal Cord, Spinal Nerves, and Somatic Reflexes (2/3) - General Anatomy of Nerves and Ganglia & Poliomyelitis and ALS
spinal nerves
nerve
mixed nerves
poliomyelitis... ALS
spinal cord communicates with the rest of the body by way of...
a cordlike organ composed of numerous nerve fibers (axons) bo…
contain both afferent and efferent fibers
cause destruction of motor neurons and production of skeletal…
spinal nerves
spinal cord communicates with the rest of the body by way of...
nerve
a cordlike organ composed of numerous nerve fibers (axons) bo…
26 terms
Ch. 13 - The Spinal Cord, Spinal Nerves, and Somatic Reflexes (2/1) - Cross-Sectional Anatomy & Gray Matter
gray matter
gray matter
gray matter
central area of gray matter... white matt…
neuron cell bodies with little myelin
info-processing occurs
synaptic integration occurs
______________ shaped like a butterfly and surrounded by ____…
gray matter
neuron cell bodies with little myelin
gray matter
info-processing occurs
27 terms
Lecture 23: Spinal Cord Anatomy and Somatic Reflexes - Labeling
cervical
thoracic
lumbar
sacral
What is A? (the purple portion)
What is B? (the orange portion)
What is C? (the blue portion)
What is D? (the pink portion)
cervical
What is A? (the purple portion)
thoracic
What is B? (the orange portion)
24 terms
Spinal cord and Somatic Reflexes
Dermatome
Somatic reflex
Reflex arc
Interneurons
Section of skin innervated by pair of spinal nerves
Of skeletal muscle that is quick involuntary response to a st…
Pathway of signal from somatic receptor to sensory axon to in…
In integrating center, more means more complex info processing
Dermatome
Section of skin innervated by pair of spinal nerves
Somatic reflex
Of skeletal muscle that is quick involuntary response to a st…
22 terms
Class 23-Spinal cord anatomy, somatic reflexes, and nerve tracts
Spinal cord
Conus medullaris
Cauda equine
Posterior root ganglion
Extends from the medulla oblongata in the brainstem all the w…
Tapering end of the spinal cord proper, it's the spot where t…
Area inferior to the conus medullaris, consists of L2-L5, S1-…
Location of sensory neuron cell bodies
Spinal cord
Extends from the medulla oblongata in the brainstem all the w…
Conus medullaris
Tapering end of the spinal cord proper, it's the spot where t…
42 terms
The Spinal Cord and Somatic Reflexes
meninges
dura mater
pia mater
arachnoid mater
Three layers of protective tissue: dura mater, arachnoid, pia…
The tough, outermost membrane enveloping the brain and spinal…
The delicate, innermost membrane enveloping the brain and spi…
A fine, delicate membrane in the middle of the three membrane…
meninges
Three layers of protective tissue: dura mater, arachnoid, pia…
dura mater
The tough, outermost membrane enveloping the brain and spinal…
30 terms
The Spinal Cord and Somatic Reflexes
Meninges
Ascending Tracts
Descending Tracts
Decussation
The three membranes that envelop the brain and spinal cord.
The pathways by which sensory information from the peripheral…
The descending tracts are the pathways by which motor signals…
A crossed tract of nerve fibers passing between centers on op…
Meninges
The three membranes that envelop the brain and spinal cord.
Ascending Tracts
The pathways by which sensory information from the peripheral…
5 terms
Spinal Somatic Reflex Arc
sensory receptor
sensory neuron
interneuron
motor neuron
1
2
3
4
sensory receptor
1
sensory neuron
2
5 terms
Spinal cord and Somatic reflexes
Nerves from the cervical region of the…
Nerves from the thoracic region extend…
Lumber spinal nerves innervate the
Sacral region extend to the
Chest, head, neck, shoulders, arms, hands, and diaphragm.
The intercostal muscles of the ribcage, the abdominal muscles…
Lower abdominal wall and parts of the thighs and legs.
Thighs, buttocks, skin of the legs and feet, and anal and gen…
Nerves from the cervical region of the…
Chest, head, neck, shoulders, arms, hands, and diaphragm.
Nerves from the thoracic region extend…
The intercostal muscles of the ribcage, the abdominal muscles…
12 terms
Somatic Spinal Reflexes
Muscle fibers (two types)
Patellar Tendon Reflex
Stretch Reflex
Spatial summation
1) Extrafusal... - contractile... - sarcomere... - blue neuron (the mo…
a) neuron type: pseudounipolar... b) gray matter part of spinal…
a) Stretch Reflex: monosynaptic reflex... - two neurons and one…
- bunch of info from MANY neurons... - cell needs to decide whet…
Muscle fibers (two types)
1) Extrafusal... - contractile... - sarcomere... - blue neuron (the mo…
Patellar Tendon Reflex
a) neuron type: pseudounipolar... b) gray matter part of spinal…
9 terms
Somatic Spinal reflexes
stretch reflex
Stimulus
Receptor
Sensory Neuron
patellar reflex
muscle stretch (quadriceps)
Muscle spindle
Type A (fast)
stretch reflex
patellar reflex
Stimulus
muscle stretch (quadriceps)
88 terms
Anatomy - chapter 13 - spinal cord + nerves + somatic reflexes
3 principal functions of the spinal cord
what is the gross, microscopic structu…
spinal cord segment characteristics
another word for spinal cord
conduction, locomotion, reflexes
the intervertebral foramina
easy to see with naked eye, rootlets for each nerve
vertebral canal
3 principal functions of the spinal cord
conduction, locomotion, reflexes
what is the gross, microscopic structu…
the intervertebral foramina
14 terms
PHYSIO - Somatic Spinal Reflexes
How does signal transmission occur wit…
How does signal transmission occur bet…
What is a spinal reflex?
Monosynaptic vs. Polysynaptic reflex
Either by propagation of local potentials or by conduction of…
Transmission between cells occurs at the synapse. Can be eith…
A stereotyped and fixed motor response to an external stimulu…
Monosynaptic: involves only 2 neurons (1 synapse)... Polysynapti…
How does signal transmission occur wit…
Either by propagation of local potentials or by conduction of…
How does signal transmission occur bet…
Transmission between cells occurs at the synapse. Can be eith…
43 terms
Spinal & Somatic Reflexes
Muscle Strength Reflex AKA Myotatic Re…
Gamma Loop
Golgi Tendon Organ Reflex (GTO) AKA In…
Flexion/ Withdrawal Reflex
Controls muscle length.... - BOTH Static & Dynamic components... -…
After gamma motor neurons activate:... - Propagation out via axo…
- Controls muscle TENSION... - GTO is attached in SERIES with th…
- Helps protect the limb from damage by moving it away from i…
Muscle Strength Reflex AKA Myotatic Re…
Controls muscle length.... - BOTH Static & Dynamic components... -…
Gamma Loop
After gamma motor neurons activate:... - Propagation out via axo…
25 terms
Spinal Cord and Somatic Reflexes
Conduction
Reflexes
Spinal Cord Functions
Locomotion
bundles of fibers passing information up and down spinal cord…
Involuntary, stereotyped responses to stimuli. Involves the b…
Conduction, locomotion, reflexes
the spinal cord executes rhythmic and sequential activation o…
Conduction
bundles of fibers passing information up and down spinal cord…
Reflexes
Involuntary, stereotyped responses to stimuli. Involves the b…
9 terms
Spinal Cord and Somatic Reflexes
Functions of the Spinal Cord
Cross-sectional anatomy of the Spinal…
Meninges of Spinal Cord
Spinal Nerves
CONDUCTION... - bundles of fibers passing information up and dow…
Gray matter... - in the center, butterfly shaped... - composed of…
Spine in the vertebrae containing all three maters Dura, Arac…
8 cervical - upper area... 12 thoracic - midsection... 5 lumbar - H…
Functions of the Spinal Cord
CONDUCTION... - bundles of fibers passing information up and dow…
Cross-sectional anatomy of the Spinal…
Gray matter... - in the center, butterfly shaped... - composed of…
21 terms
Spinal cord, somatic reflex
Conduction
Neural integration
Locomotion
Reflexes
Contains bundles of nerve fibers that conduct info up &down c…
Spinal neurons recieve info, integrate it and act accordingly.
Walking
Invulentary stereotypical response to stimuli
Conduction
Contains bundles of nerve fibers that conduct info up &down c…
Neural integration
Spinal neurons recieve info, integrate it and act accordingly.
36 terms
Anatomy Chapter 13 Spinal Cord/Nerves/Somatic Reflexes
Dura Mater
Epidural Space
Arachnoid Mater
Subdural Space
OUTERMOST layer made of dense irregular connective tissue whi…
Outside and contains fat, CT, blood vessels, and epidural ane…
MIDDLE layer, collagen and elastic fibers
Contains interstitial fluid between dura and arachnoid layers
Dura Mater
OUTERMOST layer made of dense irregular connective tissue whi…
Epidural Space
Outside and contains fat, CT, blood vessels, and epidural ane…
70 terms
spinal cord, spinal nerves, and somatic reflexes
conduction
locomotion
reflexes
sensory
bundles of fibers passing info up & down spinal cord... (electri…
walking involves repetitive, coordinated actions of several m…
involuntary, stereotyped responses to stimuli... - withdrawal of…
info travels up spinal cord
conduction
bundles of fibers passing info up & down spinal cord... (electri…
locomotion
walking involves repetitive, coordinated actions of several m…
15 terms
Lecture 23: SPINAL CORD ANATOMY, SOMATIC REFLEXES & NERVE TRACTS
4 properties of reflexes
Steps of withdrawal reflex
crossed-extensor reflex... -steps... -function
nerve fiber
1) Require stimulation... 2) Quick (few if any interneurons)... 3)…
1. Pain receptors send a stimulus via a sensory nerve into th…
Sensory neurons from the injured side synapses with excitator…
axon
4 properties of reflexes
1) Require stimulation... 2) Quick (few if any interneurons)... 3)…
Steps of withdrawal reflex
1. Pain receptors send a stimulus via a sensory nerve into th…
208 terms
Spinal cord, spinal nerves, and somatic reflexes
Functions of the spinal cord
For spinal cord conduction there are b…
Locomotion
Reflexes
Conduction, locomotion, reflexes
Sensory, motor, output
Walking
Involve the brain, spinal cord and peripheral nerves
Functions of the spinal cord
Conduction, locomotion, reflexes
For spinal cord conduction there are b…
Sensory, motor, output
65 terms
Chapter 13 The Spinal Cord, Spinal Nerves, and Somatic Reflexes ANATOMY FINAL EXAM
False
True
True
True
Spinal cord conducts signals up and down the body passing thr…
Cervical and lumbar enlargements are wide points in the cord…
Each portion of the spinal cord served by a spinal nerve is c…
Nerve fibers in a given tract in the white matter are similar…
False
Spinal cord conducts signals up and down the body passing thr…
True
Cervical and lumbar enlargements are wide points in the cord…
71 terms
Spinal cord, spinal nerves, and somatic reflexes
CNS spinal cord
functions of spinal cord
conduction/communication
locomotion
length: foramen magnum to L1... brain to/from PNS... 31 pairs of sp…
conduction/communication... locomotion... reflexes
sensory/motor... function of the spinal cord
central pattern generators... simple repetitive motors- walking…
CNS spinal cord
length: foramen magnum to L1... brain to/from PNS... 31 pairs of sp…
functions of spinal cord
conduction/communication... locomotion... reflexes
43 terms
Spinal Cord, Spinal Nerves, & Somatic Reflexes
CNS: spinal cord
functions of spinal cord
reflexes
locomotion
31 pairs of spinal nerves, foramen magnum to L1
conduction/communication... locomotion... reflexes
involuntary, automatic response to stimulus to maintain homeo…
central pattern generators & simple repetitive motions
CNS: spinal cord
31 pairs of spinal nerves, foramen magnum to L1
functions of spinal cord
conduction/communication... locomotion... reflexes
14 terms
Spinal Cord, Nerves, Somatic Reflexes
Ganglion
plexus
What are the 4 types of Neuroglia in C…
ogilodendrocytes
knot-like swelling in a nerve
interconnecting ganglia
ogilodendrocytes, astrocytes, ependymal, and microglia
form myelin sheath
Ganglion
knot-like swelling in a nerve
plexus
interconnecting ganglia
32 terms
The Spinal Cord and Somatic Reflexes Terminology
Meninges
Ascending Tracts
Descending Tracts
Decussation
The organs of the central nervous system (brain and spinal co…
Carries sensory info up the spinal cord into the brain... -typi…
Carries motor signals down the spinal cord... -typically involv…
Areas where sensory/motor tracts cross IN the brain stem or s…
Meninges
The organs of the central nervous system (brain and spinal co…
Ascending Tracts
Carries sensory info up the spinal cord into the brain... -typi…
Spinal Cord, Spinal Nerves, and Somatic Reflexes
stretch reflex
meningeal branch
axillary nerve
ilioinguinal nerve
specific reflex that helps to maintain equilibrium and posture
branch of spinal nerve that re-enters vertebral canal and inn…
nerve of the brachial plexus whose sensory innervation is the…
nerve of the lumbar plexus that innervates the internal abdom…
stretch reflex
specific reflex that helps to maintain equilibrium and posture
meningeal branch
branch of spinal nerve that re-enters vertebral canal and inn…
26 terms
Spinal Cord, Spinal Nerves, & Somatic Reflexes
Paraplegia
Quadriplegia
Hemiplegia
Functions of Spinal Cord
Paralysis of lower limbs
Paralysis of all four limbs
Paralysis of one side of the body only
Conduction, Locomotion, and Reflexes
Paraplegia
Paralysis of lower limbs
Quadriplegia
Paralysis of all four limbs
7 terms
PHYSIO121 - Somatic Spinal Reflexes
Definition: spinal reflex
Cellular and functional difference bet…
Describe a monosynaptic myostatic refl…
Describe the withdrawal reflex
stereotyped and fixed motor response to an external stimulus
- number of neurons/synapses: mono = 2 neurons, 1 synapse; po…
- stimulus/stretch detected by intrafusal muscle fibers... - sig…
- overview: withdrawal of an extremity from a painful stimulu…
Definition: spinal reflex
stereotyped and fixed motor response to an external stimulus
Cellular and functional difference bet…
- number of neurons/synapses: mono = 2 neurons, 1 synapse; po…
19 terms
Spinal Cord,Nerves & Somatic Reflexes
Functions of the Spinal Cord
conduction
locomotion
reflexes
•conduction... •locomotion... •reflexes
•bundles of fibers passing information up and down spinal cord
•repetitive, coordinated actions of several muscle groups
•involuntary.stereotypes responses to stimuli(remove hand fro…
Functions of the Spinal Cord
•conduction... •locomotion... •reflexes
conduction
•bundles of fibers passing information up and down spinal cord
51 terms
Spinal Cord, Nerves, Somatic Reflexes
How many pairs of spinal roots are the…
What happens to everything above and b…
How many rootlets are in 1 root?
What are the anterior and posterior ro…
31 pairs: 8 cervical, 12 thoracic, 5 lumbar, 5 sacral, 1 coccyx
Above - in tact... Below - affected
6-8 rootlets
Anterior - Motor and Efferent... Posterior - Sensory and Afferent
How many pairs of spinal roots are the…
31 pairs: 8 cervical, 12 thoracic, 5 lumbar, 5 sacral, 1 coccyx
What happens to everything above and b…
Above - in tact... Below - affected
78 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 13 Spinal Cord, Spinal Nerves, and Somatic Reflexes Terms
Conduction
Neural Integration
Locomotion
Reflexes of the spinal cord
Information moves up and down the cord connecting different l…
Neurons receive input, integrate the information and execute…
Neurons in the cord coordinate the repetitive muscle contract…
Involuntary responses to stimuli
Conduction
Information moves up and down the cord connecting different l…
Neural Integration
Neurons receive input, integrate the information and execute…
37 terms
Spinal Cord, Nervous and somatic reflexes
conduction
locomotion
reflexes
segment
Bundles of fibers passing information up and down spinal cord…
walking involves repetitive,coordinated actions of several mu…
Involuntary, stereotyped responses to stimuli... Involves brain,…
part of the spinal cord supplied by each pair of spinal nerves
conduction
Bundles of fibers passing information up and down spinal cord…
locomotion
walking involves repetitive,coordinated actions of several mu…
81 terms
Spinal Cord and Nerves: Somatic Reflexes
Reflexes
Somatic reflexes
Visceral Reflexes
How do we can we use reflexes?
Quick, involuntary reactions of effectors to stimulation
Skeletal muscle
ANS
For diagnosis. Ex: Corneal blink reflex tests trigeminal. Gag…
Reflexes
Quick, involuntary reactions of effectors to stimulation
Somatic reflexes
Skeletal muscle
21 terms
Ch.13 Spinal cord, nerves, & somatic reflexes
Dendrite>>cell body>>axon>>synapse
Dorsal roots
Ventral roots
Conduction... Neural integration... Locomoti…
A neuron conducts a signal in which direction?
Which spinal cord structures carry ONLY sensory information?
Which spinal cord structures carry ONLY motor information?
4 functions of the spinal cord:
Dendrite>>cell body>>axon>>synapse
A neuron conducts a signal in which direction?
Dorsal roots
Which spinal cord structures carry ONLY sensory information?
23 terms
Anatomy Mid-Term Review(Chapter 13) Spinal Cord, Spinal Nerves, and Somatic Reflexes
What are the 4 functions of the spina…
Conduction
Neural Integration
Locomotion
1.) Conduction... 2.) Neural Integration ... 3.) Locomotion... 4.) Ref…
Contains bundles of nerve fibers that conduct information up-…
Pools of spinal neurons receive input from multiple sources,…
walking involves repetitive, coordinated contractions of seve…
What are the 4 functions of the spina…
1.) Conduction... 2.) Neural Integration ... 3.) Locomotion... 4.) Ref…
Conduction
Contains bundles of nerve fibers that conduct information up-…
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