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Study sets matching "spinal anatomy"

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Study sets matching "spinal anatomy"

31 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Anatomy Lab Final
Muscles, bones, movements, and bone fe…
Cat muscles (bolded on Week 11 O&I she…
Identify cranial nerves on brain model
Cranial nerve innervations and functio…
...
...
...
...
Muscles, bones, movements, and bone fe…
...
Cat muscles (bolded on Week 11 O&I she…
...
52 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Lecture 6: The Larynx and Pharynx
1. Maintenance of airway... 2. Act as a v…
Anterior
C3-C6
Superior... Inferior
Functions of the larynx (4):
What part of the neck is the larynx?
What spinal level is the larynx?
2 groups of lymphatics in the larynx area:
1. Maintenance of airway... 2. Act as a v…
Functions of the larynx (4):
Anterior
What part of the neck is the larynx?
27 termscreated on December 4, 2016
parasympathetic and sympathetic autonomic etc
preganglionic neuron anatomy
postganglionic neuron anatomy
autonomic nervous system
somatic nervous system
cell body resides in brain or spinal cord axon is myelinated…
cell body lies outside CNS in autonomic ganglion axon is unmy…
receives input from limbic system and cerebrum
one neuron pathway somatic motor neurons extending from CNS s…
preganglionic neuron anatomy
cell body resides in brain or spinal cord axon is myelinated…
postganglionic neuron anatomy
cell body lies outside CNS in autonomic ganglion axon is unmy…
30 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Biology 2 Chapter 20
Kingdom
Phylum
Subphylum
Class
Animalia
Chordata
Vertebrata
Mammalia
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
18 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Cranial Nerves Quiz 1, Exam 2
damage to the corticospinal tract prod…
atonia... areflexia... hypertrophy... are found…
sensory modalities that ascend the spi…
which part of the body do you expect t…
spastic paralysis
flaccid paralysis
discriminative touch... joint poisition... vibration
lips
damage to the corticospinal tract prod…
spastic paralysis
atonia... areflexia... hypertrophy... are found…
flaccid paralysis
17 termscreated on December 4, 2016
A&P semester 1 final
What are the levels of organization wi…
Give a detailed explanation of the pos…
What are the four abdominal quadrants…
What are the various organ systems wit…
chemical, cellular, tissue, organ, organ system, and organismal
the body is erect with feet slightly apart. This position is…
right upper quadrant (liver, right kidney, gall bladder, colo…
integumentary, skeletal, muscular, lymphatic, respiratory, di…
What are the levels of organization wi…
chemical, cellular, tissue, organ, organ system, and organismal
Give a detailed explanation of the pos…
the body is erect with feet slightly apart. This position is…
11 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Anatomy lab 8-10 nerve supply
facial expressions MM
tongue MM
mandible MM
pharyngeal MM
facial n
hypoglossal n
mandibular n
glossopharyngeal and vagus nn
facial expressions MM
facial n
tongue MM
hypoglossal n
24 termscreated on December 4, 2016
ANATOMY: Unit 5 Vertebral Column/Rib Cage
Anterior/Posterior Longitudinal
Intervertebral Disk
Vertebrae
Body
Anterior/Posterior Longitudinal
Intervertebral Disk
26 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Anatomy Final Review 2
Sagittal/Median
Parasagittal
Transverse
Coronal (frontal)
separates right/left
separates into not perfect right & left halves
superior/inferior
anterior/posterior
Sagittal/Median
separates right/left
Parasagittal
separates into not perfect right & left halves
9 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Motor Systems
Lower Motor Neurons
LMNs in spinal cord
LMNs in brainstem
Motor unit
(LMNs) located in spinal cord and brainstem, innervates muscl…
spinal nerves, muscles of the body
cranial nerves, muscles of the head and neck
a single motor neuron and all the muscle fibers it synapses on
Lower Motor Neurons
(LMNs) located in spinal cord and brainstem, innervates muscl…
LMNs in spinal cord
spinal nerves, muscles of the body
26 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Quiz 5 (Ch. 10)
Astr
Astrocyte
Ax
Axon
Starlike
Star-shaped neuroglia
Axle
Cylindrical nerve process that conducts impulses away from a…
Astr
Starlike
Astrocyte
Star-shaped neuroglia
45 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Anatomy Final Chapter 14
medulla, midbrain, pons
prosencephalon, mesencephalon, rhomben…
prosencephalon
mesencephalon
3 parts of the brain stem
3 main sections of embryological brain
forebrain; includes telencephalon and diencephalon
midbrain
medulla, midbrain, pons
3 parts of the brain stem
prosencephalon, mesencephalon, rhomben…
3 main sections of embryological brain
26 termscreated on December 4, 2016
CNS VS PNS
Central Nervous System (CNS
Brain
Spinal cord function
Sensory receptors
1.Brain and spinal cord... 2. receives sensory information, figu…
1. initiates voluntary control and sends motor impulses origi…
to provide communication between the brain and the peripheral…
generate nerve impulses that pass on to the sensory nerve fib…
Central Nervous System (CNS
1.Brain and spinal cord... 2. receives sensory information, figu…
Brain
1. initiates voluntary control and sends motor impulses origi…
61 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Shoulder Muscular Anatomy
Rotator Cuff Muscles
Supraspinatus Origin
Supraspinatus Insertion
Supraspinatus Innervation
Supraspinatus, Infraspinatus, Teres Minor, Subscapularis
suprasipinatus fossa of the scapula
superior facet on the greater tubercle of the humerus
suprascapular nerve
Rotator Cuff Muscles
Supraspinatus, Infraspinatus, Teres Minor, Subscapularis
Supraspinatus Origin
suprasipinatus fossa of the scapula
42 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Anatomy Ch 9 Vocab
Neuron
Cell body
Dendrites
Axon
Masses of nerve cells; functional units of the nervous system…
Rounded area of neuron
Numerous extensions on a neuron that receive electrochemical…
Extensions from neurons that send information in the form of…
Neuron
Masses of nerve cells; functional units of the nervous system…
Cell body
Rounded area of neuron
22 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Anatomy and Physiology Quiz Study Guide Chapter: 10
Temporal Lobe
Action Potential
Synapse
Cerebrospinal fluid
Brain lobe located in an area just above the ear on the later…
A nerve impulse
Helps the "information" move from one neuron to another neuron.
Fluid that circulates around the brain and spinal cord, acts…
Temporal Lobe
Brain lobe located in an area just above the ear on the later…
Action Potential
A nerve impulse
78 termscreated on December 4, 2016
anatomy chapter 15 - the ANS and visceral reflexes
where does the somatic NS send signals…
where does the autonomic NS send signa…
where does the somatic NS send Ach to?
what does the "effector" mean for soma…
skeletal muscles
glands and involuntary muscle
the effector
skeletal muscles
where does the somatic NS send signals…
skeletal muscles
where does the autonomic NS send signa…
glands and involuntary muscle
10 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Hind Limb Muscles Anatomy
Biceps femoris
caudofemoralis
gastrocnemius
gluteus maximus
ischium, tibia and patella, extends thigh
2 and 3 caudual vertebrae, patella, abducts thigh
condyles of femur, calcaneus, extends foot
fibers of the posterior spinal area, greater trochanter, abdu…
Biceps femoris
ischium, tibia and patella, extends thigh
caudofemoralis
2 and 3 caudual vertebrae, patella, abducts thigh
102 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Anatomy and Physiology Organization of Nervous Tissue Test
Functions of Nervous System
Sensory Input
Integration
Motor Output
Sensory Input... Integration... Motor Output
receptors monitor internal and external stimuli
NS processes input and respond appropriately
NS produces a response by activating effectors (organs, muscl…
Functions of Nervous System
Sensory Input... Integration... Motor Output
Sensory Input
receptors monitor internal and external stimuli
7 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Chapter 20 CNS 1_D: Game S13-14 Meninges Who Am I?
Pia mater
Arachnoid mater
Dura mater
Epidural space
I am a transparent layer that sticks to the outer surface of…
I am a delicate spider web-like layer. Who am I?
I am a strong, white fibrous tissue. Who am I?
I am the space between dura mater of spinal cord and vertebra…
Pia mater
I am a transparent layer that sticks to the outer surface of…
Arachnoid mater
I am a delicate spider web-like layer. Who am I?
18 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Nervous tissue/spinal cord
2 types of nervous tissue
Astrocyte
Oligodendrocyte
Microglia
neurons and neuroglia
CNS... blood-brain barrier, maintains environment around neurons
CNS... form myelin sheath around axons of neurons
CNS... engulf invading microbes, clears debris, migrates to inju…
2 types of nervous tissue
neurons and neuroglia
Astrocyte
CNS... blood-brain barrier, maintains environment around neurons
24 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Anatomy Unit 7
What are the components of the CNS?
What is the name of the junction found…
Which neural process usually receives…
What is the name of collections of neu…
Brain and Spinal cord
Synapse
Dendrites
Peripheral Nervous System
What are the components of the CNS?
Brain and Spinal cord
What is the name of the junction found…
Synapse
37 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Anatomy Chapter 7
Bones of the axial skeleton
sinuse
sutures
lambdoid suture
the skull, vertebral column, and thoracic cage
cavities that decrease the weight of the skull
the immoveable joints of the skull
separates occipital from parietal bones
Bones of the axial skeleton
the skull, vertebral column, and thoracic cage
sinuse
cavities that decrease the weight of the skull
50 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Final Brain objectives-
Bone
Membranes
3 layers of the membrane
Dura mater
-Protects from injury/trauma... -Ex: skull
-Surrounds the neural tissue... -Covers and protects the CNS... -Pr…
-Dura, arachnoid, and pia
-Outer layer... -Two layer sheet of dense irregular connective t…
Bone
-Protects from injury/trauma... -Ex: skull
Membranes
-Surrounds the neural tissue... -Covers and protects the CNS... -Pr…
21 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Midterm 3
dorsal ramus (of spinal nerve)
ventural ramus (of spinal nerve)
nerve plexus
brachial plexus
supplies dorsal muscles and skin, contain motor and sensory f…
supplies lateral and ventral parts of the body including limb…
a network of nerves, branching and joining in a complex patte…
originates in cervical region/first thoracic, goes from neck,…
dorsal ramus (of spinal nerve)
supplies dorsal muscles and skin, contain motor and sensory f…
ventural ramus (of spinal nerve)
supplies lateral and ventral parts of the body including limb…
41 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Anatomy Assignment #13
I, Olfactory nerve
II, Optic nerve
III, Oculomotor nerve
IV, Trochlear
Sensory... Sense of smell from nose to brain
Sensory... Sense of sight from eye to brain
Motor... Supplies most muscles that move eye in different direct…
Motor... Supplies superior oblique muscle that moces eye downwar…
I, Olfactory nerve
Sensory... Sense of smell from nose to brain
II, Optic nerve
Sensory... Sense of sight from eye to brain
76 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Lab 7: Central Nervous Systema and Regional Anatomy Pt. II
cerebrum
dura mater
falx cerebri
tentorium cerebelli
principle and most anterior part of the brain; responsible fo…
one of three meninges; tough, leathery outer covering
fold of dura mater that depends into the longitudinal fissure
located between the cerebrum and the cerebellum
cerebrum
principle and most anterior part of the brain; responsible fo…
dura mater
one of three meninges; tough, leathery outer covering
14 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Cranial Nerves
Overview
3 Sensory Only Cranial Nerves
Olfactory Nerve CNI
Olfactory
-part of peripheral nervous system... -sensory and motor nerve f…
Olfactory: CNI... Optic:CN II... Vestibulocochlear: CN VIII... -innerv…
Sensory: olfaction(smell)... Origin: olfactory epithelium(termin…
Overview
-part of peripheral nervous system... -sensory and motor nerve f…
3 Sensory Only Cranial Nerves
Olfactory: CNI... Optic:CN II... Vestibulocochlear: CN VIII... -innerv…
56 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Rosen's - Part II. Section 2 - System Injuries (Trauma)
Describe facial bone anatomy:... (Ch. 42)
Describe bony anatomy of the orbit:... (C…
Five types of facial fractures:... (Ch. 42)
Describe Le Fort facial fractures (I-I…
1. Orbital (blowout most common, beware retrobulbar hematoma)…
Describe facial bone anatomy:... (Ch. 42)
Describe bony anatomy of the orbit:... (C…
8 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Anatomy ascending and descending tracts spinal cord
Ascending tract 1: fasciculus gracilis
Ascending tract 2: fasciculus cuneatus
Ascending tract 3: spinocerebellar tra…
Ascending tract 4: spinothalamic tracts
Carries somatosensory infro from lower limbs
Carries somatosensory info from trunk, neck, upper limbs
Carries position/movement info to cerebellum
Carries info about pain, temperature, and certain types of to…
Ascending tract 1: fasciculus gracilis
Carries somatosensory infro from lower limbs
Ascending tract 2: fasciculus cuneatus
Carries somatosensory info from trunk, neck, upper limbs
23 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Anatomy and Physiology December 4, 2016
Diabetes Mellitus
Type 1 Diabetes
Type 2 Diabetes
Furuncles
Lifelong chronic condition that affects your body's ability t…
The body attacks its own pancreas with antibodies
A chronic condition that affects the way the body processes b…
A painful, pus filled bump under the skin caused by inflamed…
Diabetes Mellitus
Lifelong chronic condition that affects your body's ability t…
Type 1 Diabetes
The body attacks its own pancreas with antibodies
19 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Chapter 5: Part C-E
Fontanels
Names of the 3 locations on the verteb…
1rst Cervical Vertebrae
2nd Cervical vertebrae
fibrous membranes connecting the cranial bones, allow brain t…
cervical, thoracic, lumbar
atlas
axis
Fontanels
fibrous membranes connecting the cranial bones, allow brain t…
Names of the 3 locations on the verteb…
cervical, thoracic, lumbar
36 termscreated on December 4, 2016
anatomy quiz 4
how many pairs of spinal nerves
_____ come together - form Roots
Dorsal root are _____ to ______
group of neuron cell bodies in PNS
31
rootlets
receptors, cord
ganglion
how many pairs of spinal nerves
31
_____ come together - form Roots
rootlets
10 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Anatomy CNS Cerebral Spinal Fluid
Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF)
Functions of CSF
Choroid plexus
CSF circulates
Surrounds all exposed surfaces of CNS... Interchanges with inter…
Cushions delicate neural structures... Supports brain... Transports…
Specialized ependymal cells and capillaries... Secrete CSF into…
From choroid plexus... Through ventricles... To central canal of sp…
Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF)
Surrounds all exposed surfaces of CNS... Interchanges with inter…
Functions of CSF
Cushions delicate neural structures... Supports brain... Transports…
121 termscreated on December 4, 2016
chapter 6 quiz anatomy
8
lacrimal fossa
supraorbital margin
sagittal suture
how many bones are a part of the cranium?
what houses the tear gland that lubricates the surface of the…
what marks the end of the frontal bone and forms the top of t…
the midline suture that runs from the lambdoid and the corona…
8
how many bones are a part of the cranium?
lacrimal fossa
what houses the tear gland that lubricates the surface of the…
19 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Spinal Cord
Cervical Enlargement
Lumbar Enlargement
Conus Medularis
Cauda Equina
Cervical Enlargement
Lumbar Enlargement
9 termscreated on December 4, 2016
a&p ch1 body regions
axial region
appendicular region
abdominal quadrants
cranial cavity
consists of head, neck, and trunk
consists of the extremities and connections to axial region
right upper, right lower, left upper, left lower quadrants
houses the brain
axial region
consists of head, neck, and trunk
appendicular region
consists of the extremities and connections to axial region
21 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Sympathetic Division Structure
cell bodies of sympathetic preganglion…
intervertebral foramina
white communicating ramus
3
located i lateral gray horns of T1-T12 and some L3
after exiting the axons enter anterior root of spinal nerve
axons enter before entering sympathetic trunk ganglion, are w…
cervical ganglia
cell bodies of sympathetic preganglion…
located i lateral gray horns of T1-T12 and some L3
intervertebral foramina
after exiting the axons enter anterior root of spinal nerve
16 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Plexuses
Nerve Plexus
Four Nerve Plexuses
Lumbo Sacral Plexus
Brachial Plexus
-a network of nerves-formed by ventral rami only... -all spinal…
1. Cervical Plexus(C1-C5)... 2. Brachial Plexus(C5-T1)... 3. Lumbar…
-combined name for the lumbar and sacral plexuses as they are…
-partly in neck, partly in axilla... -Gives rise to mose nerves…
Nerve Plexus
-a network of nerves-formed by ventral rami only... -all spinal…
Four Nerve Plexuses
1. Cervical Plexus(C1-C5)... 2. Brachial Plexus(C5-T1)... 3. Lumbar…
32 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Anatomy Chapter 6
sutural bone
irregular bone
short bones
flat bones
small irregular bone found between flat bones of the skull
have complex shapes... spinal vertebrae; pelvic bones
small and thick... ankle and wrist
thin with parallel surfaces... found in the skull, sternum, fing…
sutural bone
small irregular bone found between flat bones of the skull
irregular bone
have complex shapes... spinal vertebrae; pelvic bones
16 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Peripheral Nerves, Spinal Cord, Neuroglia
Dendrites
Single Axon
Hilloc (Axon Hilloc)
Myelin
reciveve signals, transfer information, electrical signals en…
carries information away from the cell body (Effarent)
first portion, clear zone; short distance beyond the axon is…
Insulation; insures quick, efferent information transfer. Mye…
Dendrites
reciveve signals, transfer information, electrical signals en…
Single Axon
carries information away from the cell body (Effarent)
34 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Neurology
the central nervous system contains wh…
The PNS separates into what two parts?
This consists of your voluntary moveme…
This consists of your involuntary move…
the brain and spinal cord
sensory and motor
somatic
autonomic
the central nervous system contains wh…
the brain and spinal cord
The PNS separates into what two parts?
sensory and motor
17 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Gross Anatomy Of Muscles: Muscle Nerves
Trigeminal (CN 5)
Accesory (CN 11)
Facial (CN 7)
Intercostal
...
...
...
...
Trigeminal (CN 5)
...
Accesory (CN 11)
...
19 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Bio 129 Lab: Skull Structure Activity (Exam 4)
Olfactory I
Optic II
Oculomotor III
Trochlear IV
cribriform plate
optic canal
superior orbital fissure
superior orbital fissure
Olfactory I
cribriform plate
Optic II
optic canal
6 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Anatomy 101: Nervous System
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Somatic Nervous System
Autonomic Nervous System
Brain, spinal cord
All other nervous tissue outside CNS
Voluntary movement; skeletal muscle
Involuntary movement; smooth muscle, cardiac muscle, & glands
Central Nervous System
Brain, spinal cord
Peripheral Nervous System
All other nervous tissue outside CNS
119 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Final for A&P 1
Order of life
Tissue
Cellular product
Organ
sub-atomic... protons and electrons = neutrons... atom... molecule... cel…
group of specialized cells and their products that work toget…
protruded out of the body
combination of tissues that preform a function
Order of life
sub-atomic... protons and electrons = neutrons... atom... molecule... cel…
Tissue
group of specialized cells and their products that work toget…
13 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Anatomy quiz
Lordosis
Thoratic vertebrae
Kyohosis
Coccyx
Swayback ... Exaggerated lumbar curve
12 bones ... Body increases and decreases in size ... Articulation…
Hunchback ... Vertebrae collapsed bending causes it
Triangular shaped bone ... Tailbone ... Attached by ligaments to ma…
Lordosis
Swayback ... Exaggerated lumbar curve
Thoratic vertebrae
12 bones ... Body increases and decreases in size ... Articulation…
47 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Anatomy Chapter 8
How many muscles are in the human body
General info about muscles
Functions of muscles
Types of muscles
600-700
- 3 types of muscle tissue... - 40% of body weight... - myo = muscl…
- move skeleton ... - maintenance of posture... - generation of heat
- smooth... - cardiac... - skeletal
How many muscles are in the human body
600-700
General info about muscles
- 3 types of muscle tissue... - 40% of body weight... - myo = muscl…
27 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Nervous system Structural, functional, and neuroglial cells.
Anaxonic Neurons (structural)
Bipolar Neurons (structural
Unipolar (structural)
multipolar (structural)
They are interneurons within the Central Nervous System. Have…
Have a single axon and dendrite extending from opposite sides…
Have an axon and dendrite arising from a single short fiber e…
Have many dendrites arising from the cell bodies and one axon…
Anaxonic Neurons (structural)
They are interneurons within the Central Nervous System. Have…
Bipolar Neurons (structural
Have a single axon and dendrite extending from opposite sides…
24 termscreated on December 4, 2016
anatomy lab practical 3
reflex
reflex arc
stretch reflex
jendrassik maneuver
fast predicatable automatic respo9nse to changes in the envir…
specific nerve impulse pathway... 5 components of reflex arc... 1.…
1. stretch stimulates sensory receptor... 2. sensory neuron exci…
patient locks fingers together and pulls hard as you tap the…
reflex
fast predicatable automatic respo9nse to changes in the envir…
reflex arc
specific nerve impulse pathway... 5 components of reflex arc... 1.…
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