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Study sets matching "star galaxies science"

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Study sets matching "star galaxies science"

23 terms
Physical Science: Stars and Galaxies
Astronomer
Astronaut
Observatory
Light Year
a scientist who studies the stars and other objects in the sky
a person trained to travel in a spacecraft
a building that contains one or more telescopes.
distance light travels in one year.
Astronomer
a scientist who studies the stars and other objects in the sky
Astronaut
a person trained to travel in a spacecraft
36 terms
Earth Science: Galaxies and Stars
Star
Doppler Effect
Red Shift
Light Year
A large celestial body that is composed of gas and emits light.
A change in the speed (frequency) of a wave due to the moveme…
A shift towards the red end of the electromagnetic spectrum d…
The distance that light travels in one year
Star
A large celestial body that is composed of gas and emits light.
Doppler Effect
A change in the speed (frequency) of a wave due to the moveme…
13 terms
Science Stars and Galaxies
Star
Constellation
Parallax
Light Year
A large, hot ball of gases that gives off light and is held t…
A group of stars that suggests a pattern.
The apparent shift of an astronomical object.
The distance light travels in one year.
Star
A large, hot ball of gases that gives off light and is held t…
Constellation
A group of stars that suggests a pattern.
21 terms
Physical Science: Stars and Galaxies
Astronomer
Astronaut
Observatory
Light Year
a scientist who studies the stars and other objects in the sky
a person trained to travel in a spacecraft
a building that contains one or more telescopes.
distance light travels in one year.
Astronomer
a scientist who studies the stars and other objects in the sky
Astronaut
a person trained to travel in a spacecraft
23 terms
Physical Science: Stars and Galaxies
Astronomer
Astronaut
Observatory
Light Year
a scientist who studies the stars and other objects in the sky
a person trained to travel in a spacecraft
a building that contains one or more telescopes.
distance light travels in one year.
Astronomer
a scientist who studies the stars and other objects in the sky
Astronaut
a person trained to travel in a spacecraft
36 terms
Science: Stars and Galaxies
Milky Way
Hydrostatic Equilibrium
Supernova
Cluster
the name of our galaxy
when a star is in "balance" and will not change; energy pushi…
when a massive star collapses in on itself and explodes
a group of galaxies, ours is called the Local Group
Milky Way
the name of our galaxy
Hydrostatic Equilibrium
when a star is in "balance" and will not change; energy pushi…
25 terms
science- stars systems and galaxies
Big Bang theory
gravity
galaxy
spiral galaxies
theory that states that the universe began to expand with the…
the force of attraction between all stars
a huge collection of stars, planets, comets
a galaxy shaped like a spiral
Big Bang theory
theory that states that the universe began to expand with the…
gravity
the force of attraction between all stars
13 terms
Galaxies and Stars Quiz Science
A galaxy
Billions
The Universe
The universe
is a collection of stars, dust and gas held together by gravity
Is the amount of stars a galaxy contains
Is defined as all of space and everything in it
Is constantly expanding and changing
A galaxy
is a collection of stars, dust and gas held together by gravity
Billions
Is the amount of stars a galaxy contains
16 terms
Science Stars and Galaxies Test
Telescopes in space are better because…
Spiral Galaxy
Nebula
What type of galaxy is shaped like a f…
They are beyond Earth's atmosphere
What kind of galaxy is this?
a cloud of gas and dust where new stars form
Elliptical galaxy
Telescopes in space are better because…
They are beyond Earth's atmosphere
Spiral Galaxy
What kind of galaxy is this?
22 terms
Science - Stars and Galaxies
star
Constellation
Magnitude
3 properties of a star
A large ball of gas that is held by gravity
a number of stars that appear to form a pattern
used to describe the brightness of a star
1. color 2. temperature 3. brightness
star
A large ball of gas that is held by gravity
Constellation
a number of stars that appear to form a pattern
30 terms
Science: Star Systems and Galaxies
binary star
Open cluster
star systems
galaxy
A star system with 2 stars
Have a loose disorganized appearance and contain no more than…
groups of 2 or more stars
a huge group of single stars, star systems, star clusters, du…
binary star
A star system with 2 stars
Open cluster
Have a loose disorganized appearance and contain no more than…
11 terms
Science Star & Galaxies Test
aerosol
Cumulonimbus
Hurricanes
Areas where hurricanes form
a substance enclosed under pressure and able to be released a…
Cloud that produces thunderstorms
Tropical Storms that form over the Atlantic
The areas have high humidity, light winds, and high sea surfa…
aerosol
a substance enclosed under pressure and able to be released a…
Cumulonimbus
Cloud that produces thunderstorms
25 terms
Science- planets-stars-galaxies
Dwarf Star
Stellar Nebula
Black Eye Galaxy
Black Hole
low luminosity, mass, and size
Massive clouds of dust
The light-absorbing dust appears in front of the star systems…
has a strong gravitational pull that cannot escape
Dwarf Star
low luminosity, mass, and size
Stellar Nebula
Massive clouds of dust
25 terms
Science- Galaxies-Stars- planets
Milky Way
Elliptical galaxies
Spiral Galaxy
Irregular galaxies
Big, some galaxies, and is from our universe
Galaxy having smooth, nearly featureless brightness profile.
Galaxy where stars and gas clouds are focused mainly in one o…
Galaxy that does not have a distinct regular shape among the…
Milky Way
Big, some galaxies, and is from our universe
Elliptical galaxies
Galaxy having smooth, nearly featureless brightness profile.
20 terms
Science-Galaxies and Stars
Galaxy
Spiral Galaxy
Barred Spiral Galaxy
Elliptical Galaxy
A huge group of single stars, star systems, star clusters, du…
a galaxy with a bulge in the middle and arms that spiral outw…
A galaxy that is similar to a spiral galaxy, except that the…
A galaxy shaped like a round or flattened ball, generally con…
Galaxy
A huge group of single stars, star systems, star clusters, du…
Spiral Galaxy
a galaxy with a bulge in the middle and arms that spiral outw…
21 terms
Galaxies and Stars-Science
Galaxy
Big Bang Theory
Doppler Shift
Light-Year
A huge cluster of stars
The theory that the Universe began from one point billions of…
The shift to a different wavelength
The distance light travels in a year
Galaxy
A huge cluster of stars
Big Bang Theory
The theory that the Universe began from one point billions of…
48 terms
Science: Stars and Galaxies
What is the Sun?
What is the sun mad of?
Why is the core of the sun so dense?
What is Nuclear fusion?
An enormous hot sphere of plasma
75% Hydrogen and 25% Helium
There's so much gravity pushing on it
When the core's density causes 4 Hydrogen atoms to combine to…
What is the Sun?
An enormous hot sphere of plasma
What is the sun mad of?
75% Hydrogen and 25% Helium
35 terms
Science Stars and Galaxies
Astronomical unit
Light-Year
Luminosity
Corona
the average distance between earth and the moon
the distance light travels in one year
the true brightness of an object
the wide, outermost layer of a star's atmosphere
Astronomical unit
the average distance between earth and the moon
Light-Year
the distance light travels in one year
11 terms
Science-Star Systems and Galaxies
binary star
eclipsing binary
open cluster
globular cluster
systems that have 2 stars. can also be called "double stars"
a system in which one star periodically blocks the light from…
have a lost and disorganized appearance. they contain only ab…
big groups of older stars. they are round and densely packed…
binary star
systems that have 2 stars. can also be called "double stars"
eclipsing binary
a system in which one star periodically blocks the light from…
17 terms
Science star and galaxies test
Galaxy
Gravity
Dark matter
Spiral galaxies
Are huge collections of stars
An attractive force that exist between all objects that have…
Matter that emits no light at any wavelength
A galaxy that contains central bolds
Galaxy
Are huge collections of stars
Gravity
An attractive force that exist between all objects that have…
23 terms
Science Stars and Galaxies
Stars
Galaxies
Spiral Galaxies
Spiral Barred Galaxies
Gas and dust
combos of stars
Galaxies that form a spiral shape with no extended bar.
This galaxy is a spiral but has a bar extension to each end.
Stars
Gas and dust
Galaxies
combos of stars
48 terms
Science- Astromony- Stars and Galaxies
galaxies
Scientists
Galaxies come in...
Edwin Hubble
large groups of stars, dust, gas; come in many shapes/sizes
Can estimate stars in galaxies by looking at the size and bri…
many types
created the method of classification for galaxies that we sti…
galaxies
large groups of stars, dust, gas; come in many shapes/sizes
Scientists
Can estimate stars in galaxies by looking at the size and bri…
37 terms
Science Test Stars and Galaxies
When analyzing starlight, astronomers…
What is a dark line spectra? What does…
What color star has the coolest temper…
What color star has the highest temper…
Emission, or bright line, absorption, or dark line, and conti…
Bands of color crossed by dark lines where the color is dimin…
Red, 3000c
Blue 30000c
When analyzing starlight, astronomers…
Emission, or bright line, absorption, or dark line, and conti…
What is a dark line spectra? What does…
Bands of color crossed by dark lines where the color is dimin…
21 terms
Earth Science: Stars & Galaxies
Star
Nuclear fusion
Heliocentric
Geocentric
A massive, glwoing body made from gas. Creates its own light…
When two hydrogen protons combine and make a star.
Sun in the middle of the center of the universe
The idea that the sun is in the center of the universe
Star
A massive, glwoing body made from gas. Creates its own light…
Nuclear fusion
When two hydrogen protons combine and make a star.
13 terms
Science Stars and Galaxies
Galaxy
Gravity
Dark matter
Spiral galaxy
huge collection of stars; the milky way, for example
the force that holds galaxies together
90 percent of the universe's mass
includes a region called the central bulge
Galaxy
huge collection of stars; the milky way, for example
Gravity
the force that holds galaxies together
16 terms
Science vocab(stars and galaxies)
Absolute magnitude
Apparent magnitude
Big Bang theory
Black hole
Measure of the amount of light a star actually gives off
Measure of the amount of light from a star is reciecived on e…
States that 13.7 million years ago, the universe began with a…
Final stage in the evolution of a very massive star where the…
Absolute magnitude
Measure of the amount of light a star actually gives off
Apparent magnitude
Measure of the amount of light from a star is reciecived on e…
44 terms
Science stars and galaxies
Astronomy
Ptolemy
Copernicus
Galileo
is the scientific way study of extraterrestrial objects and p…
theorized that Earth was the center of the universe and that…
...
Used telescope to observe objects in space including creates…
Astronomy
is the scientific way study of extraterrestrial objects and p…
Ptolemy
theorized that Earth was the center of the universe and that…
13 terms
Science//stars and galaxies
spiral galaxy
doppler shift
irregular galaxy
Milky Way
includes a region called the central budge
wavelength of light or sound depends on the position of the o…
can form from the gravitational pull of neighboring galaxies
spiral galaxy that contains our solar system
spiral galaxy
includes a region called the central budge
doppler shift
wavelength of light or sound depends on the position of the o…
25 terms
Science Galaxies Stars and Constilation
Galaxy
Spiral
Elliptical
Irregular
Very large group of stars
Nucleus with arms the center is full with yellow stars which…
Spherical , without spiral arms the oldest stars are in this…
Doesn't have a definite shape could be the result of two gala…
Galaxy
Very large group of stars
Spiral
Nucleus with arms the center is full with yellow stars which…
10 terms
Science (Stars and Galaxies)
How do scientists classify stars? (5)
Red stars are the...
Yellow stars are the...
Blue stars are the...
Size, temperature, color, chemical composition, brightness
Coolest stars
Average stars
Hottest stars
How do scientists classify stars? (5)
Size, temperature, color, chemical composition, brightness
Red stars are the...
Coolest stars
science galaxies and stars
star
nebulae
galaxy
irregular galaxy
large ball of gas that produces its own energy
it is where stars are born and it is hot clouds of gaseous el…
collection of millions of stars with a lot of cloud and dust
galaxy that has no definite shape
star
large ball of gas that produces its own energy
nebulae
it is where stars are born and it is hot clouds of gaseous el…
20 terms
Science stars and galaxies
Classifing galaxies
Milky way
Irregular galaxies
Elliptical galaxies
We still use hubbles method
We are not fully sure what type of Galaxy
All the leftover galaxies
A huge mass of stars
Classifing galaxies
We still use hubbles method
Milky way
We are not fully sure what type of Galaxy
31 terms
Science (Stars/Galaxies)
Light year
Apperent magnitude
Absolute magnitude
Blue star
The distance light travels in a year.
The brightness of a star as seen from Earth.
How bright a star actually is.
The hottest type of star.
Light year
The distance light travels in a year.
Apperent magnitude
The brightness of a star as seen from Earth.
61 terms
Science: stars and galaxies
the name of our galaxy
Balance between two forces, star does…
when a massive star collapses in on it…
a large number (100s-1000s) of galaxie…
milky way
hydrostatic equilibrium
supernova
cluster
the name of our galaxy
milky way
Balance between two forces, star does…
hydrostatic equilibrium
17 terms
Galaxies and Stars science vocab.
constellations
super giant
astronomical unit
solar flares
patterns of stars
an exceptionally large luminous star whose diameter is more t…
used to measure the Solar System, equivalent to the distance…
violent eruptions coming off of the sun
constellations
patterns of stars
super giant
an exceptionally large luminous star whose diameter is more t…
29 terms
science; stars&galaxies
astronomical unit (AU)
light year
sunspots
solar flares
the average distance between the earth and the sun
the distance light travels in one year (9.5 trillion km)
dark, cooler areas on the photosphere caused by disturbances…
intense magnetic storms on surface
astronomical unit (AU)
the average distance between the earth and the sun
light year
the distance light travels in one year (9.5 trillion km)
19 terms
Science sun stars and galaxies
Core
Radiation zone
Convection zone
Photosphere
Central region where the sun produces energy
Region of very tightly packed gas where energy is transfetred…
Outmost layer of the sun's interior, hot gases rise and move…
Inner layer of the sun that we see when we look at it
Core
Central region where the sun produces energy
Radiation zone
Region of very tightly packed gas where energy is transfetred…
10 terms
Science : (Stars and Galaxies) || Quarterly
Size, color, tempature, chemical compo…
Coolest tempature of star
average tempature of a star
hottest tempature of a star
How do scientists classify stars? (5)
red stars are the......
yellow stars are......
blue stars are the......
Size, color, tempature, chemical compo…
How do scientists classify stars? (5)
Coolest tempature of star
red stars are the......
39 terms
Physical Science: Stars and Galaxies
H-R diagram
nebula
how stars are born
how stars evolve
as stars form, they can be plotted on the H-R digram. ... about…
large cloud of gas, ice and dust.
the nebula contracts and a protostar forms in the center of t…
a protostar continues to collapse until nuclear fusion begins
H-R diagram
as stars form, they can be plotted on the H-R digram. ... about…
nebula
large cloud of gas, ice and dust.
98 terms
Science Final: Stars and Galaxies
constellations
mythology or everyday items
88
Because the Earth revolves around the…
What are patterns of stars called?
What did ancient cultures use to name the constellations?
How many constellations does modern astronomy study?
Why aren't some constellations visible all year?
constellations
What are patterns of stars called?
mythology or everyday items
What did ancient cultures use to name the constellations?
40 terms
Stars and galaxies - Science
Supergiant
CONSTELLATIONS
photosphere
Main Sequence
relatively cool star that has expanded to more than 700 times…
groups of stars whose positions in the sky seem to change as…
lowest layer of the sun's atmosphere that gives off light
classification of about 90% of the stars
Supergiant
relatively cool star that has expanded to more than 700 times…
CONSTELLATIONS
groups of stars whose positions in the sky seem to change as…
5 terms
Science stars galaxies
Star
Big bang theory
Estimate
Galaxy
Large sphere of hydrogen gas hot enough for nuclear reactions…
States that the universe began from one point and has been ex…
To determine roughly the value size or extent of
Huge collection of stars gas and dust
Star
Large sphere of hydrogen gas hot enough for nuclear reactions…
Big bang theory
States that the universe began from one point and has been ex…
16 terms
Science stars galaxies and the universe
The distance between the crest of one…
What is a building that has one or mor…
Patterns of the stars in the sky are c…
What do astronomers use to measure the…
Wavelength
Observatory
Constellations
Lightyears
The distance between the crest of one…
Wavelength
What is a building that has one or mor…
Observatory
16 terms
Science - Stars and Galaxies Vocab / Concepts
Black Hole
Corona
Galaxy
Elliptical Galaxy
a hypothetical region in space, with such a strong gravitatio…
outermost layer of the Sun's atmosphere
a collection of thousands of stars
shape is round or oval, has a mix of old and new stars
Black Hole
a hypothetical region in space, with such a strong gravitatio…
Corona
outermost layer of the Sun's atmosphere
27 terms
Science- Stars, Galaxies and the Universe
electromagnetic radiation
telescope
reflecting telescope
optical telescope
The energy transferred through space by electromagnetic waves.
An optical instrument that forms enlarged images of distant o…
A telescope that uses a curved mirror to collect and focus li…
A telescope that uses lenses or mirrors to collect and focus…
electromagnetic radiation
The energy transferred through space by electromagnetic waves.
telescope
An optical instrument that forms enlarged images of distant o…
32 terms
Science: stars and galaxies
the name of our galaxy
when a star is in "balance" and will n…
when a massive star collapses in on it…
a large number (100s-1000s) of galaxie…
milky way
hydrostatic equilibrium
supernova
cluster
the name of our galaxy
milky way
when a star is in "balance" and will n…
hydrostatic equilibrium
15 terms
Science Vocabulary - Stars + Galaxies
Galaxy
Nebula
Lunar Phases
Black Hole
A collection of stars, dust, and gas, bound by gravity.
A large cloud of gas and dust in interstellar space; a region…
The different appearances of the moon from the earth througho…
A place in space where gravity pulls in so much that even lig…
Galaxy
A collection of stars, dust, and gas, bound by gravity.
Nebula
A large cloud of gas and dust in interstellar space; a region…
39 terms
Science-Stars and Galaxies
Nebula
What does the nebula do?
How do stars evolve?
Equlilibrium
A large cloud of ice, gas, and dust where stars form.
The nebula contracts and a protostar forms in the center of t…
A protostar continues to collapse until nuclear fusion begins.
The balance between outward pressure exerted by fusion and in…
Nebula
A large cloud of ice, gas, and dust where stars form.
What does the nebula do?
The nebula contracts and a protostar forms in the center of t…
Science- stars and galaxies
Color
Absolute magnitude
Apparent magnitude
Light year
The cooler the color the warmer the star
The actual brightness
The brightness of a star that we see on earth
The measurement used to measure distance, how much a light tr…
Color
The cooler the color the warmer the star
Absolute magnitude
The actual brightness
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