Study sets matching "star galaxies"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "star galaxies"

38 terms
Stars and Galaxies
Parallax
Absolute Magnitude
Apparent Magnitude
Lightyear
Shift of stars' appearance used to calculate distance
The exact amount of light given off by a star, no matter how…
How bright a star is compared to other stars in the night sky
The distance it takes light to travel in one year. About 5 tr…
Parallax
Shift of stars' appearance used to calculate distance
Absolute Magnitude
The exact amount of light given off by a star, no matter how…
20 terms
Galaxies & Stars
Milky Way Galaxy
Galaxy
Local Group
Dark Matter
A gigantic cluster of billions of stars that is home to our s…
A huge group of single stars, star systems, star clusters, du…
A group of about 30 galaxies that includes the Milky Way
A hypothetical form of matter that is believed to make up 90…
Milky Way Galaxy
A gigantic cluster of billions of stars that is home to our s…
Galaxy
A huge group of single stars, star systems, star clusters, du…
Galaxies and Stars
Galaxy
An irregular is misshapen in appearanc…
Apparent Magnitude
Absolute Magnitude
large groups of stars, dust, and gas
gravitational force from nearby galaxies
The brightness of a star viewed from earth
The exact brightness of a star
Galaxy
large groups of stars, dust, and gas
An irregular is misshapen in appearanc…
gravitational force from nearby galaxies
Star and Galaxies
Astronomical unit
Light years
AU or Light Year
Star
distances in the solar system measured in?
distances in the universe measured in?
measure how far an object is from Earth
large ball of gas held together by gravity with a core so hot…
Astronomical unit
distances in the solar system measured in?
Light years
distances in the universe measured in?
Star Systems and Galaxies
Binary Star
Eclipsing Binary
Open Cluster
Globular Cluster
A star system with two stars.
A binary star system in which one star periodically blocks th…
A star cluster that has a loose, disorganized appearance and…
A large, round densely-packed grouping of older stars.
Binary Star
A star system with two stars.
Eclipsing Binary
A binary star system in which one star periodically blocks th…
Star Systems and Galaxies
Binary Star
Eclipsing Binary
Open Cluster
globular cluster
A star system with two stars are called double stars or
A binary star system in which one star periodically blocks th…
A star cluster that has a loose, disorganized appearance and…
A large, round,densely-packed grouping of older stars
Binary Star
A star system with two stars are called double stars or
Eclipsing Binary
A binary star system in which one star periodically blocks th…
76 terms
stars and galaxies
constellations
mythological characters
88
Circumpolar
Patterns of stars
what did ancient cultures to name constellations.
Modern astrononmy studies ____ constellations.
These appear in the northern sky to cirlce around Polaris and…
constellations
Patterns of stars
mythological characters
what did ancient cultures to name constellations.
Star Galaxies
Nebula
Protostar
White Dwarf
Supernova
A large cloud of gas amd dust spread out in a immense volume.
Is the earliest stage of a stars life.
Blue-white Core of the star that is left behind
When a super giant runs out of fuel, it can explode
Nebula
A large cloud of gas amd dust spread out in a immense volume.
Protostar
Is the earliest stage of a stars life.
Stars and Galaxies
constellations
magnitude
light-year
spectra
A group of stars that forms a shape or pattern.
Greatness of size, strength, or importance-- brightness of a…
The distance light travels in one year
range of wavelengths in light
constellations
A group of stars that forms a shape or pattern.
magnitude
Greatness of size, strength, or importance-- brightness of a…
21 terms
Galaxies, Stars
galaxy
Milky Way Galaxy
Spiral Galaxy
Elliptical Galaxy
A huge group of single stars, star systems, star clusters, du…
the name of our galaxy, a spiral galaxy that contains about 4…
A galaxy with a bulge in the middle and arms that spiral outw…
An oval or egg shaped galaxy with older stars and little gas…
galaxy
A huge group of single stars, star systems, star clusters, du…
Milky Way Galaxy
the name of our galaxy, a spiral galaxy that contains about 4…
11 terms
Star, Galaxies
Electromagnetic radiation
Visible light
Wavelength
Spectrum
The energy transferred through space by electromagnetic waves…
Electromagnetic radiation that can be seen with the unaided e…
The distance between the crest of one wave and the crest of t…
A range of wavelengths of electromagnetic waves; A range of d…
Electromagnetic radiation
The energy transferred through space by electromagnetic waves…
Visible light
Electromagnetic radiation that can be seen with the unaided e…
stars,galaxies
spectrum
apparent magnitude
absolute magnitude
light-year
color produced when white light passes.
the brightness of a star.
the brightness that a star would have from a distance to earth.
the distance that light travels in one year.
spectrum
color produced when white light passes.
apparent magnitude
the brightness of a star.
20 terms
Galaxies & Stars
Milky Way Galaxy
Galaxy
Local Group
Dark Matter
A gigantic cluster of billions of stars that is home to our s…
A huge group of single stars, star systems, star clusters, du…
A group of about 30 galaxies that includes the Milky Way
A hypothetical form of matter that is believed to make up 90…
Milky Way Galaxy
A gigantic cluster of billions of stars that is home to our s…
Galaxy
A huge group of single stars, star systems, star clusters, du…
Stars & Galaxies
universe
solar system
galaxy
apparent magnitude
everything scientists can find using telescopes & technology.…
a single star & its planets, moons, asteroids, etc
group of stars held together by gravity, orbiting a black hole
brightness of a star as it appears from Earth
universe
everything scientists can find using telescopes & technology.…
solar system
a single star & its planets, moons, asteroids, etc
Stars and Galaxies
Fusion
Magnitude
Apparent magnitude
Absolute magnitude
Process by which particles combine to form a new particle.
Brightness of a star
How bright a star looks
How bright a star actually is
Fusion
Process by which particles combine to form a new particle.
Magnitude
Brightness of a star
12 terms
Stars and Galaxies
Galaxy
Milky Way Galaxy
Spiral Galaxy
Elliptical Galaxy
A huge group of single stars, star systems, star clusters, du…
the name of our galaxy, a spiral galaxy that contains about 4…
A galaxy with a bulge in the middle and arms that spiral outw…
An oval or egg shaped galaxy with older stars and little gas…
Galaxy
A huge group of single stars, star systems, star clusters, du…
Milky Way Galaxy
the name of our galaxy, a spiral galaxy that contains about 4…
38 terms
Stars and Galaxies
Parallax
Absolute Magnitude
Apparent Magnitude
Lightyear
Shift of stars' appearance used to calculate distance
The exact amount of light given off by a star, no matter how…
How bright a star is compared to other stars in the night sky
The distance it takes light to travel in one year. About 5 tr…
Parallax
Shift of stars' appearance used to calculate distance
Absolute Magnitude
The exact amount of light given off by a star, no matter how…
Stars & Galaxies
Light Year
HR Diagram
Main Sequence
Nebula
Distance light travels in one year.
Chart of absolute brightness and surface temperature
The stage in which stars spend the majority of their lifetime…
A large cloud of dust and gas in space
Light Year
Distance light travels in one year.
HR Diagram
Chart of absolute brightness and surface temperature
16 terms
Stars and Galaxies
Composition
Parallax
Apparent Magnitude
Absolute Magnitude
what something is made of, or what makes it up
An apparent shift in the position of an object when viewed fr…
the brightness of a star when viewed from Earth
The actual brightness of a star in space
Composition
what something is made of, or what makes it up
Parallax
An apparent shift in the position of an object when viewed fr…
10 terms
Stars and Galaxies
apparent magnitude
astronomical unit
light-year
corona
measure of how bright an object appears from Earth
average distance between Earth and the Sun
distance that light travels in 1 year
wide, outermost layer of a star's atmosphere
apparent magnitude
measure of how bright an object appears from Earth
astronomical unit
average distance between Earth and the Sun
Star Systems and Galaxies
binary star
eclipsing binary
open cluster
globular cluster
a star system with two stars
a star system in which one star periodically blocks the light…
a star cluster that has a loose, disorganized appearance and…
a large, round, densely-packed grouping of older stars
binary star
a star system with two stars
eclipsing binary
a star system in which one star periodically blocks the light…
38 terms
Stars and Galaxies
Parallax
Absolute Magnitude
Apparent Magnitude
Lightyear
Shift of stars' appearance used to calculate distance
The exact amount of light given off by a star, no matter how…
How bright a star is compared to other stars in the night sky
The distance it takes light to travel in one year. About 5 tr…
Parallax
Shift of stars' appearance used to calculate distance
Absolute Magnitude
The exact amount of light given off by a star, no matter how…
Stars and Galaxies
Chromosphere
Prominence
Sunspot Cycle
Solar Wind
The layer of the Sun's atmosphere which creates a reddish glo…
A huge looping eruption of gases that arch out from the photo…
The number of years between which numbers of sunspots go from…
Electrically charged particles sent out into space by the Sun…
Chromosphere
The layer of the Sun's atmosphere which creates a reddish glo…
Prominence
A huge looping eruption of gases that arch out from the photo…
20 terms
Stars and Galaxies
Spiral Galaxy
Red Shift/Longer Wavelength
Spiral, Elliptical, and Irregular... The…
Elliptical Galaxy
What type of galaxy is pictured here?
According to the Doppler effect, light emitted from stars or…
What are the three types of galaxies, and what are they class…
What type of galaxy is pictured here?
Spiral Galaxy
What type of galaxy is pictured here?
Red Shift/Longer Wavelength
According to the Doppler effect, light emitted from stars or…
14 terms
Stars & Galaxies
Which of the following properties is n…
The one property of a main-sequence st…
A star classified as a KOIII star is:
The evolutionary cutoff between low- a…
Luminosity
Mass
A giant that is cooler than the sun
8 M
Which of the following properties is n…
Luminosity
The one property of a main-sequence st…
Mass
Stars and Galaxies
Constellations
Circumpolar Constellations
Zodiac Constellations
Absolute Magnitude
Patterns of stars in the night sky
Constellation that rotate around polaris every 24 hours
Constellations that follow the elipticle
The measure of the amount of light given off
Constellations
Patterns of stars in the night sky
Circumpolar Constellations
Constellation that rotate around polaris every 24 hours
19 terms
Stars and Galaxies
Nebular Hypothesis
Star
Radiation
Telescope
A theory on how the solar system came from a hot gaseous nebula
A ball of gas in space that gives off radiation
When electromagnetic waves move
A tool used to look at objects that are far away
Nebular Hypothesis
A theory on how the solar system came from a hot gaseous nebula
Star
A ball of gas in space that gives off radiation
8 terms
Stars and Galaxies
Stars
light year
Nuclear fusion
apparent magnitude
objects in space, made of gases, produce their own light
measures distances in space
when hydrogen atoms combine to form helium atoms
measures how bright a star appears to be when you see it from…
Stars
objects in space, made of gases, produce their own light
light year
measures distances in space
24 terms
star and galaxies
light year
parallax
spectrograph
constellation
a unit of astronomical distance equivalent to the distance th…
the effect whereby the position or direction of an object app…
an apparatus for photographing or otherwise recording spectra.
a group of stars forming a recognizable pattern that is tradi…
light year
a unit of astronomical distance equivalent to the distance th…
parallax
the effect whereby the position or direction of an object app…
Star and galaxies
Spectroscope
AU
Light-Year
Apparent magnitude
Spreads light into different wavelengths
The average distance between Earth and the Sun
The distance light travels in one year
An object is a measure of how bright it appears from Earth
Spectroscope
Spreads light into different wavelengths
AU
The average distance between Earth and the Sun
38 terms
Stars and Galaxies
Parallax
Absolute Magnitude
Apparent Magnitude
Lightyear
Shift of stars' appearance used to calculate distance
The exact amount of light given off by a star, no matter how…
How bright a star is compared to other stars in the night sky
The distance it takes light to travel in one year. About 5 tr…
Parallax
Shift of stars' appearance used to calculate distance
Absolute Magnitude
The exact amount of light given off by a star, no matter how…
26 terms
"Stars and Galaxies"
Constellations
Circumpolar Constellations
Parsec
Apparent Magnitude
A group of stars that forms a shape or pattern.
These constellations are visible all year long because of the…
Also known as a "parallax second" it is a unit of distance re…
The apparent brightness of a star as observed from the Earth.
Constellations
A group of stars that forms a shape or pattern.
Circumpolar Constellations
These constellations are visible all year long because of the…
27 terms
Star and Galaxies
Nebula
Main sequence
Red giant
Red Super Giant
A large cloud of dust and gas in interstellar space.
The diagonal pattern on the HR diagram where most stars lie.
A large-reddish star late in its life cycle.
The atmosphere grows very large, but cools down.
Nebula
A large cloud of dust and gas in interstellar space.
Main sequence
The diagonal pattern on the HR diagram where most stars lie.
18 terms
Stars and Galaxies
Spiral Galaxy
Red Shift/Longer Wavelength
Spiral, Elliptical, and Irregular... The…
Elliptical Galaxy
What type of galaxy is pictured here?
According to the Doppler effect, light emitted from stars or…
What are the three types of galaxies, and what are they class…
What type of galaxy is pictured here?
Spiral Galaxy
What type of galaxy is pictured here?
Red Shift/Longer Wavelength
According to the Doppler effect, light emitted from stars or…
19 terms
Star and galaxies
Main sequence
What the sun fuses hydrogen into
Shapes and names of the three types of…
Black hole
90% of all starts are what types of stars
Helium
Elliptical spiral irregular
Dense that nothing including light can escape it's gravity fi…
Main sequence
90% of all starts are what types of stars
What the sun fuses hydrogen into
Helium
27 terms
Stars and Galaxies
parallax
apparent magnitude
absolute magnitude
nebula
The most basic way of measuring the distance to an object in…
The perceived brightness of a star as viewed from Earth.
The actual brightness of a star based on an imagined distance…
A cloud of gas and dust in space from which stars are born.
parallax
The most basic way of measuring the distance to an object in…
apparent magnitude
The perceived brightness of a star as viewed from Earth.
33 terms
Stars and Galaxies
constellations
supergiant
astronomical unit
solar flares
patterns of stars
an exceptionally luminous star whose diameter is more than 10…
used to measure the Solar System, equivalent to the distance…
violent eruptions coming off the Sun
constellations
patterns of stars
supergiant
an exceptionally luminous star whose diameter is more than 10…
17 terms
Stars & Galaxies
galaxy
Milky Way Galaxy
Spiral Galaxy
Elliptical Galaxy
A huge group of single stars, star systems, star clusters, du…
the name of our galaxy, a spiral galaxy that contains about 4…
A galaxy with a bulge in the middle and arms that spiral outw…
An oval or egg shaped galaxy with older stars and little gas…
galaxy
A huge group of single stars, star systems, star clusters, du…
Milky Way Galaxy
the name of our galaxy, a spiral galaxy that contains about 4…
7 terms
Galaxies and star
What is the em spectrum?
How do we measure a wavelength?
Explain ROYGBIV?
Describe a galaxy?
It is a model that shows the entire range of light that exists
Is the distance between two adjacent high points on a wave
White light is actually made up of different colors. ... Red, or…
A massive assemblage of stars and other cosmic material held…
What is the em spectrum?
It is a model that shows the entire range of light that exists
How do we measure a wavelength?
Is the distance between two adjacent high points on a wave
23 terms
Stars & Galaxies
Apparent Magnitude
Absolute Magnitude
Big Bang Theory
Blue Shift
how bright a star appears from Earth
how bright a star truly is
scientific explanation of the origins/beginnings of the unive…
the shortening of wavelengths; moving toward
Apparent Magnitude
how bright a star appears from Earth
Absolute Magnitude
how bright a star truly is
29 terms
Stars & Galaxies
Star Size
Hydrogen
Fusion
Sun
Characteristic determined by the initial mass and the balance…
primary fuel for energy production in stars
process creating energy in all stars; fusing of nuclei to mak…
yellow, dwarf star located in the middle of the main sequence
Star Size
Characteristic determined by the initial mass and the balance…
Hydrogen
primary fuel for energy production in stars
Stars & Galaxies
black hole
Corona
Galaxy
Elliptical Galaxy
a hypothetical region in space, with such a strong gravitatio…
outermost layer of the Sun's atmosphere
a collection of thousands of stars
shape is round or oval; contains mostly old starts
black hole
a hypothetical region in space, with such a strong gravitatio…
Corona
outermost layer of the Sun's atmosphere
galaxies + stars
absolute magnitude
apparent magnitude
magnitude
galaxies
the true brightness of a star
how bright a star is as we it from earth
how bright or dim a star is
a system of millions or billions of stars
absolute magnitude
the true brightness of a star
apparent magnitude
how bright a star is as we it from earth
Stars & Galaxies
constellation
absolute magnitude
apparent magnitude
light-year
A group of stars that forms a pattern in the sky that looks l…
The measure of the amount of light a star actually gives off.
The measure of the amount of light from a star that is receiv…
Unit representing the distance light travels in one year.
constellation
A group of stars that forms a pattern in the sky that looks l…
absolute magnitude
The measure of the amount of light a star actually gives off.
80 terms
Stars & Galaxies
Lagrangian orbits
three body problem
cataclysmic variable systems
type Ia supernova
5 positions where a 3rd body of negligible mass remains fixed…
solving for the motion of three bodies interacting through an…
white dwarf stars in close binary star systems, accretion of…
when white dwarf star is near Chandrasekhar mass limit, accre…
Lagrangian orbits
5 positions where a 3rd body of negligible mass remains fixed…
three body problem
solving for the motion of three bodies interacting through an…
10 terms
Stars & Galaxies
sunspots
galaxy
apparent magnitude
light- year
Dark, cooler areas of Sun's surface
Large group of stars, gas, dust held by gravity
Amount of star's light from Earth
Distance that light travels in 1 year
sunspots
Dark, cooler areas of Sun's surface
galaxy
Large group of stars, gas, dust held by gravity
5 terms
Stars & Galaxies
A huge system of stars, dust, and gas…
A point in space that has such a stron…
a group of stars that forms a pattern…
A gigantic explosion that occurs near…
galaxy
black hole
constellation
supernova
A huge system of stars, dust, and gas…
galaxy
A point in space that has such a stron…
black hole
Stars and Galaxies
Describe... circumpolar constellations.
Explain... why some constellations are vi…
Infer... how two stars could have the sam…
Explain... how a star is similar to the S…
As Earth rotates, several constellations spin around polaris,…
Due to Earth's rotation and some constellation's positioning,…
"One star could be brighter but its distance from earth and t…
The star could have the same elements in its atmosphere as th…
Describe... circumpolar constellations.
As Earth rotates, several constellations spin around polaris,…
Explain... why some constellations are vi…
Due to Earth's rotation and some constellation's positioning,…
20 terms
Stars and Galaxies
constellation
absolute magnitude
apparent magnitude
light-year
a group of stars forming a recognizable pattern that is tradi…
Measure of the amount of light a star actually gives off
How bright a star appears from Earth.
Distance light travels in one year
constellation
a group of stars forming a recognizable pattern that is tradi…
absolute magnitude
Measure of the amount of light a star actually gives off
51 terms
Stars and galaxies
Big Bang
CMB
Hubble's Law
V=Hd
The leading explanation in science for how the universe began…
Cosmic microwave background radiation, remnant radiation crea…
Galaxies are moving away from Earth in an expanding universe,…
Hubble's Law. Recessional velocity is equal to the product of…
Big Bang
The leading explanation in science for how the universe began…
CMB
Cosmic microwave background radiation, remnant radiation crea…
1 of 10