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Study sets matching "starches"

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Study sets matching "starches"

36 terms
Starches
Polysaccharides
Macromolecules
Starch
Polymer
Complex carbohydrates made of many sugar units
Very large molecules that contain hundreds or thousands of at…
100-1,000s of glucose units linked in chains
Large molecule that consists of large numbers of small molecu…
Polysaccharides
Complex carbohydrates made of many sugar units
Macromolecules
Very large molecules that contain hundreds or thousands of at…
Starches
Polysaccharides
Macromolecules
Starch
Polymer
Complex carbohydrates made of many sugar units
Very large molecules that contain hundreds or thousands of at…
100-1,000s of glucose units linked in chains
Large molecule that consists of large numbers of small molecu…
Polysaccharides
Complex carbohydrates made of many sugar units
Macromolecules
Very large molecules that contain hundreds or thousands of at…
9 terms
Starches
Structure
Sources and Types
Uses
Syneresis
2 fractions, both polymers of D-glucose... -Amylose (linear)... -Am…
Sources: plant starch granules... size depends on plant ... Types... -…
-Thicken sauces... - Binds fats... -Edible coating on foods ... - Comb…
-Loss of liquid from a gel... -As a gel ages, some amylose molec…
Structure
2 fractions, both polymers of D-glucose... -Amylose (linear)... -Am…
Sources and Types
Sources: plant starch granules... size depends on plant ... Types... -…
28 terms
Starches
What is starch?
What is starch consist of?
What is starch use for?
What is the difference between native…
Common name applied to a white, granular or powder, odourless…
Long chain of glucose polymers
Native starch = natural and derived from plants ... Modified st…
What is starch?
Common name applied to a white, granular or powder, odourless…
What is starch consist of?
Long chain of glucose polymers
39 terms
Starches
Cereal Starches
Root Starches
Differences in starches
Uses for starch
Wheat, rice, corn
potato, arrowroot, tapioca
flavor, viscosity, stability, consistency, & appearance
thickener, stabilizer, texture, bind, fat substitute, & emuls…
Cereal Starches
Wheat, rice, corn
Root Starches
potato, arrowroot, tapioca
9 terms
Starches
Relative thickening power: wheat flour
Relative thickening power: rice flour
Relative thickening power: corn
Relative thickening power: tapioca
1.00
0.60
0.53
0.38
Relative thickening power: wheat flour
1.00
Relative thickening power: rice flour
0.60
25 terms
Starches
starch
bread
pasta
cereal
el almidón
el pan
pasta
cereal
starch
el almidón
bread
el pan
10 terms
Starches
The two main starch molecules and desc…
Describe starch granules, including ap…
Define birefringence
Define waxy starch
Amylose - straight; 1-4 bonds. Amylopectin - branched; 1-6 an…
Microscopic packages within plant cells. Have concentric stri…
Maltese cross shape that shows on starch granules under polar…
Have very little amylose.
The two main starch molecules and desc…
Amylose - straight; 1-4 bonds. Amylopectin - branched; 1-6 an…
Describe starch granules, including ap…
Microscopic packages within plant cells. Have concentric stri…
17 terms
Starches
Polymer
Amylose
Amylopectin
Cellulose
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
Linear chain of several hundred glucose molecules
-Branched, complex form of starch.
A substance (made of sugars) that is common in the cell walls…
Polymer
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
Amylose
Linear chain of several hundred glucose molecules
41 terms
Starches
Solanine
Frostbitten
Starch
Russet
A bitter tasting and somwhat toxic substance that can cause i…
potatos if they have a black ring under the skin when cut in…
what content happen when potatos age
known as Burbank or Idaho potatoes but makes the inside less…
Solanine
A bitter tasting and somwhat toxic substance that can cause i…
Frostbitten
potatos if they have a black ring under the skin when cut in…
30 terms
Starches
Solanine
Frost bitten
Russet potatoes
Bump
Bitter tasting and somewhat toxic substance that can cause in…
Watery and have black ring under the skin when cut in cross s…
Also known as Burbank or Idaho potatoes, Are white and oval s…
Baked potatoes on a hard surface before serving to increase m…
Solanine
Bitter tasting and somewhat toxic substance that can cause in…
Frost bitten
Watery and have black ring under the skin when cut in cross s…
30 terms
Starches
solanine
Frostbitten potatoes
Starch
Russet potatoes
a better tasting and somewhat toxic substance that can cause…
potatoes that are watery and have a black ring under the skin…
Increases with the age of the potato
Also known as burbank or idaho potatoes, are white and oval s…
solanine
a better tasting and somewhat toxic substance that can cause…
Frostbitten potatoes
potatoes that are watery and have a black ring under the skin…
84 terms
Starches
bagel
biscuit
breads
reduced-calorie light breads
1/4 large bagel
1 biscuit, 2.5 inches across
1 slice
2 slices
bagel
1/4 large bagel
biscuit
1 biscuit, 2.5 inches across
Starches
Cart Wheels
Farley
Shells
Routine
'route' is Italian for 'wheel', seldom used in America
butterflies or bowties
Conchiglie; available in many sizes
twist
Cart Wheels
'route' is Italian for 'wheel', seldom used in America
Farley
butterflies or bowties
42 terms
Starches
starch is
starch granule
common food sources of starch
sensory changes of cooked starch produ…
a polymer of glucose units ... - provides complex carbs for energy
storage of CHO in plants
cereal grains legumes roots and tubers
moist heat gelatinizes starch, softer texture
starch is
a polymer of glucose units ... - provides complex carbs for energy
starch granule
storage of CHO in plants
8 terms
Starches
Starch Reserves Underground
White Potato
Ireland
Why are potatoes easy to grow?
Plants store starch in underground organs roots or modified s…
Solanum tuberosum
-lack of iron on island prevented development of good plows... -…
-native of high altitudes... -acustomed to thin soils... -High alti…
Starch Reserves Underground
Plants store starch in underground organs roots or modified s…
White Potato
Solanum tuberosum
13 terms
Starches
starch sources
use for starches
starch structure
starch as a thickening agent
-cereals made from wheat, rice and corn... -roots and tubers lik…
-texture... -taste... -appearance... -thickener... -stabilizer... -texturize…
-primary component of grain (83%)... -contained in the leucoplas…
starch+cold water+stirring=opaque dispersion that separates w…
starch sources
-cereals made from wheat, rice and corn... -roots and tubers lik…
use for starches
-texture... -taste... -appearance... -thickener... -stabilizer... -texturize…
12 terms
Starches
Differentiate between the two fraction…
Describe a starch granule and its solu…
Describe factors that affect the thick…
Compare thickening ability of cereal s…
Amylose: Straight chains of glucose; linear fraction. ... 1,4 -…
Semi-crystalline structure of the 2 structures.... Insoluble in…
Time and temperature... Agitation/stirring... Acid: Acid can start…
Potato starch > root starches > cereal starches > wheat starc…
Differentiate between the two fraction…
Amylose: Straight chains of glucose; linear fraction. ... 1,4 -…
Describe a starch granule and its solu…
Semi-crystalline structure of the 2 structures.... Insoluble in…
17 terms
starches
Germination
Pectin
Modified starches
Gel
beginning of the development of an embryo into a new plant
is a naturally occurring substance (a polyscaccaride) found i…
starches that have been changed structurally by chemical or m…
...
Germination
beginning of the development of an embryo into a new plant
Pectin
is a naturally occurring substance (a polyscaccaride) found i…
6 terms
Starches
Function of Starches in Baking
Types of Starch In Dessert
Specific Uses of Starches... Cornstarch
Specific Uses of Starches... Waxy Maize
Used as thickening agents for puddings, pie fillings, and sim…
1. Cornstarch... 2. Waxy Maize and other Modified Starches... 3. In…
Products thickened with cornstarch set up almost like gelatin…
Does not break down when frozen so is used for... -products tha…
Function of Starches in Baking
Used as thickening agents for puddings, pie fillings, and sim…
Types of Starch In Dessert
1. Cornstarch... 2. Waxy Maize and other Modified Starches... 3. In…
20 terms
starches
starchy veggies
storage organs
rhizome
tuber
• Most plants store food as starch... o Often underground in mo…
• Modified stems... o Rhizome... o Tuber... o Bulb... o Corm... • Modifi…
• Horizontal underground stems... • Function in asexual propagat…
• Enlarged tip of rhizome... • Potato
starchy veggies
• Most plants store food as starch... o Often underground in mo…
storage organs
• Modified stems... o Rhizome... o Tuber... o Bulb... o Corm... • Modifi…
35 terms
Starches
Solanine
Frostbitten
Starch
Russet
A bitter tasting and somewhat toxic substance that can cause…
If potatoes are watery and have a black ring under the skin w…
This content increases with age.
White and oval shaped. Also known as Burbank or Idaho potatoes.
Solanine
A bitter tasting and somewhat toxic substance that can cause…
Frostbitten
If potatoes are watery and have a black ring under the skin w…
17 terms
Starches
Germination
Pectin
Modified Starches
Gel
the sprouting of a seed
a complex carbohydrate (polysaccharide) composed of galacturo…
also called starch derivatives, are prepared by physically, e…
a colloidal dispersion that shows some rigidity and will, whe…
Germination
the sprouting of a seed
Pectin
a complex carbohydrate (polysaccharide) composed of galacturo…
30 terms
Starches
Solanine
Russet
chefs
New potatoes
A bitter tasting and somewhat toxic substance that can cause…
Known as Burbank or Idaho potatoes
red or white potatoes
small, immature red potatoes that are harvested when they are…
Solanine
A bitter tasting and somewhat toxic substance that can cause…
Russet
Known as Burbank or Idaho potatoes
45 terms
Starches
plumpy'nut
plant organs
rhizome
rhizome
high-calorie nutritional paste to combat severe malnutrition…
fruits, stem, leaves
horizontal underground stem... asexual propagation primary funct…
ginger, iris
plumpy'nut
high-calorie nutritional paste to combat severe malnutrition…
plant organs
fruits, stem, leaves
5 terms
Starches
Rice
Pasta
Noodle
Mashed potatoes
El arroz
La pasta
El fideo
Puré de papas
Rice
El arroz
Pasta
La pasta
Starches
Polysaccharides
Macromolecules
Starch
Polymer
Complex carbohydrates made of many sugar units
Very large molecules that contain hundreds or thousands of at…
100-1,000s of glucose units linked in chains
Large molecule that consists of large numbers of small molecu…
Polysaccharides
Complex carbohydrates made of many sugar units
Macromolecules
Very large molecules that contain hundreds or thousands of at…
36 terms
Starches
Polysaccharides
Macromolecules
Starch
Polymer
Complex carbohydrates made of many sugar units
Very large molecules that contain hundreds or thousands of at…
100-1,000s of glucose units linked in chains
Large molecule that consists of large numbers of small molecu…
Polysaccharides
Complex carbohydrates made of many sugar units
Macromolecules
Very large molecules that contain hundreds or thousands of at…
133 terms
Starches
Plumpy'nut
6
peanuts
sugar
high-calorie nutritional paste to combat severe malnutrition
How many ingredients in Plumpy'nut?
Plumpy'nut ingredients (1)
Plumpy'nut ingredients (2)
Plumpy'nut
high-calorie nutritional paste to combat severe malnutrition
6
How many ingredients in Plumpy'nut?
24 terms
Starches
Plumpy Nut
Starchy veggie traits
Plant organs
Rhiozome
high calorie nutrion paste to combat severe malnutrition. Hig…
most plants store food as starch underground to protect from…
root, stem, leaves.
modify stems to store starch. Have horizontal stems, asexual…
Plumpy Nut
high calorie nutrion paste to combat severe malnutrition. Hig…
Starchy veggie traits
most plants store food as starch underground to protect from…
Starches
Today ______ is the fourth largest foo…
Over 80% of production is in _____ and…
Although a tropical plant, potato does…
Cassava scientific name:
potato
Europe, Asia
Temperate
Manihot esculenta
Today ______ is the fourth largest foo…
potato
Over 80% of production is in _____ and…
Europe, Asia
30 terms
Starches
Solanine
frostbitten
russet
chefs
bitter tasting somewhat toxic substance that can cause intest…
they are watery and have a black ring under the skin when cut…
known as burbank or idaho potatoes, white and oval shaped
red or white round potatoes, all purpose potatoes
Solanine
bitter tasting somewhat toxic substance that can cause intest…
frostbitten
they are watery and have a black ring under the skin when cut…
47 terms
Starches
Solanine
frostbitten
Russet
exploding
a bitter tasting and somewhat toxic substance that can cause…
discard these potatoes. They are watery and have a black ring…
also know as Burbank or Idaho potatoes. White and oval shaped
poke holes in the potatoes to allow steam and heat to escape…
Solanine
a bitter tasting and somewhat toxic substance that can cause…
frostbitten
discard these potatoes. They are watery and have a black ring…
Starches
Starch
Amylose
Amylopectin
Sol
Complex carbohydrate (sugar)... -Presents itself to us in a line…
Presents in linear change with up to 500 molecules in strand
Still linear change but presents itself in a branch formation
Where the gelatin substance is energized from the heat and re…
Starch
Complex carbohydrate (sugar)... -Presents itself to us in a line…
Amylose
Presents in linear change with up to 500 molecules in strand
45 terms
Starches
solanine
frostbitten
starch
russet potatoes
potatoes that are exposed to light or have been sunburned may…
potatoes that are watery and have a black ring under the skin…
the amount increases with age
also known as burbank or idaho potatoes
solanine
potatoes that are exposed to light or have been sunburned may…
frostbitten
potatoes that are watery and have a black ring under the skin…
18 terms
Starches
Bread, wheat or white
Tortilla, corn or flour
Cornbread
Pancake
1 slice or 1 oz
1 small 6in
1 3/4 inch cube or 1.5 oz
4 inches
Bread, wheat or white
1 slice or 1 oz
Tortilla, corn or flour
1 small 6in
46 terms
Starches
Solanine
Frostbitten
Starch
Russet
a bitter tasting and somewhat toxic substance that can cause…
watery potatoes that have a black ring under the skin when cu…
what increases within the age of a potato?
Burbank or Idaho potatoes. White and oval-shaped.
Solanine
a bitter tasting and somewhat toxic substance that can cause…
Frostbitten
watery potatoes that have a black ring under the skin when cu…
30 terms
Starches
solanine
Russet potatoes
steaming
pilaf
a bitter tasting and somewhat toxic substance that is found i…
a white and oval-shaped potato
cooked over boiling liquid, leaving them tender and flavorful
the grain is sauteed briefly in fat, then simmered in a seaso…
solanine
a bitter tasting and somewhat toxic substance that is found i…
Russet potatoes
a white and oval-shaped potato
50 terms
Starches
what is the dispersion phase?
what is a true solution?
what is a collodial dispersion?
what is a suspension?
dispersed throughout another continuous substance or the medi…
molecules no larger than 1 millimicron, the most stable of al…
contains intermediate size molecules that may separate
have the largest molecules
what is the dispersion phase?
dispersed throughout another continuous substance or the medi…
what is a true solution?
molecules no larger than 1 millimicron, the most stable of al…
27 terms
Starches
Bran: Aleuron layer
Germ
Endosperm
What does fat do to the grain.
Closest layer to the grain... addition to fiber we get these nu…
Fat, B Vitamins, iron (has a lot of nutrients) get all 3 B vi…
strip grain of it's layer... ex. Plain White flour... Starch, protein
It causes the grain to go bad easily
Bran: Aleuron layer
Closest layer to the grain... addition to fiber we get these nu…
Germ
Fat, B Vitamins, iron (has a lot of nutrients) get all 3 B vi…
30 terms
Starches
Potatoes exposed to light, Sunburnt.
Discard if there's a black ring under…
White oval shaped, also known as Idaho…
Russet potatoes are best for?
Solanine
Frostbitten
Russet Potatoes
Baking
Potatoes exposed to light, Sunburnt.
Solanine
Discard if there's a black ring under…
Frostbitten
24 terms
Starches
2 types of starches
amylose has what types of glucose chains
amylopectin has what type of glucose c…
what type of starch is cloudy when hea…
amylose and amylopectin
linear
branched
amylose
2 types of starches
amylose and amylopectin
amylose has what types of glucose chains
linear
39 terms
Starches
What toxic substance does a potato con…
What content of any potato increases w…
What potatoes are known as Burbank or…
What potatoes are red or white round?
solanine
Starch
Russet
Chefs
What toxic substance does a potato con…
solanine
What content of any potato increases w…
Starch
Starches
Define what it means to shear.
Describe gelatinization
Where can you find starch?
What are some ways to make sure you ge…
a lot of manipulation and a lot of stirring
starch absorbs water
in the granules of a plant
separate starch granules then heat slowly so it doesn't agitate
Define what it means to shear.
a lot of manipulation and a lot of stirring
Describe gelatinization
starch absorbs water
9 terms
Starches
define polysaccharide
where is glycogen stored in animals
where is chitin stored in animals
is cellulose digestable?
3 or more monosaccharides
liver
cell walls of fungi and exoskeletons
no
define polysaccharide
3 or more monosaccharides
where is glycogen stored in animals
liver
22 terms
Starches
How do plants store food?
What is a rhizome?
What is the difference between tuber a…
What is corm?
1. Plants store food as starch... 2. Often underground as modifi…
1. Has horizontal underground stems... 2. Asexual propagation... 3.…
Tuber is enlarged type of rhizome (potato) and bulb has short…
Short underground stem found in monocots (taro, crocus, gladi…
How do plants store food?
1. Plants store food as starch... 2. Often underground as modifi…
What is a rhizome?
1. Has horizontal underground stems... 2. Asexual propagation... 3.…
11 terms
Starches
Where are starches found?
What is starch used for?
Why does starch need to be insoluble?
Why does starch need to be easily hydr…
in plants
as an energy store molecule
so it doesn't diffuse and stays in the plant
allow easy release of glucose
Where are starches found?
in plants
What is starch used for?
as an energy store molecule
30 terms
Starches
What turns the potatoes green?
Is soline toxic?
Discard potatoes that have been___?
What content of the potato increases w…
Soline
Yes, somewhat.
Frostbitten
Starch content
What turns the potatoes green?
Soline
Is soline toxic?
Yes, somewhat.
20 terms
starches
Which common starch has the greatest t…
Starch's main use in processed foods i…
Most starches contain about _____.... a.…
The increase in volume, viscosity, and…
c
d
d
a
Which common starch has the greatest t…
c
Starch's main use in processed foods i…
d
3 terms
Starch
Starch are made of....
What element do the molecules share in…
What are the different molecules invol…
Long complex chains of simple sugars
Oxygen
Oxygen, Hydroxide, and a monosaccaride sugar-CH2OH
Starch are made of....
Long complex chains of simple sugars
What element do the molecules share in…
Oxygen
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