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Study sets matching "stars galaxies and the universe"

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Study sets matching "stars galaxies and the universe"

33 terms
Mustache - Stars, Galaxies and the Universe
Constellation
Absolute Magnitude
Apparent Magnitude
Parallax
a group of stars that form a pattern that looks like a famili…
a measure of the amount of light that a star actually emits
the brightness of a star when viewed from Earth
The apparent change in position of an object when seen from d…
Constellation
a group of stars that form a pattern that looks like a famili…
Absolute Magnitude
a measure of the amount of light that a star actually emits
19 terms
Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe
spectrum
apparent magnitude
absolute magnitude
light-year
colored band produced when a beam of light passes through a p…
the brightness of a star when viewed from Earth
brightness of a star as it would appear if located 32.6 light…
the distance light travels in one year
spectrum
colored band produced when a beam of light passes through a p…
apparent magnitude
the brightness of a star when viewed from Earth
31 terms
Universe, Galaxies, and Stars
Big Bang Theory
Cosmic Background Radiation
Temperature (Big Bang)
Expanding Universe
the theory that the universe originated 20 billion years ago…
The electromagnetic radiation left over from the big bang
Evidence that states there is still heat in the universe left…
the idea that the space between galaxies or clusters of galax…
Big Bang Theory
the theory that the universe originated 20 billion years ago…
Cosmic Background Radiation
The electromagnetic radiation left over from the big bang
51 terms
Universe, Galaxies, and Stars
Big Bang Theory
Cosmic Background Radiation
Temperature (Big Bang)
Expanding Universe
the theory that the universe originated 20 billion years ago…
The electromagnetic radiation left over from the big bang
Evidence that states there is still heat in the universe left…
the idea that the space between galaxies or clusters of galax…
Big Bang Theory
the theory that the universe originated 20 billion years ago…
Cosmic Background Radiation
The electromagnetic radiation left over from the big bang
31 terms
Stars, Galaxies, and the universe
Electromagnetic spectrum diagram
H-R diagram
evidence of the big bang theory
Electromagnetic radiation
universe is expanding, proven with red shift, cosmic wave, ab…
a type of radiation including visible light, radio waves and…
Electromagnetic spectrum diagram
H-R diagram
Vocabulary Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe
electromagnetic radiation
visible light
wavelength
spectrum
energy that can travel through space in the form of waves.
Type of electromagnetic radiation you can see. Light
The distance between the crest of one wave and the crest of t…
includes the entire range of radio waves, infrared radiation,…
electromagnetic radiation
energy that can travel through space in the form of waves.
visible light
Type of electromagnetic radiation you can see. Light
28 terms
Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe
Apparent magnitude
Absolute magnitude
Luminosity
Hertzsprung-Russell diagram
The brightness of a star as seen from Earth.
The actual brightness of a star as seen from a distance of 32…
A measure of the total amount of energy that the star emits p…
A plot of stars on a graph of absolute magnitude vs color.
Apparent magnitude
The brightness of a star as seen from Earth.
Absolute magnitude
The actual brightness of a star as seen from a distance of 32…
45 terms
Stars, galaxies and the Universe
parallax
universe
light-year
scientific notation
An apparent shift in the position of an object when viewed fr…
All of space and everything in it
The distance light travels in one year
a method of expressing a quantity as a number multiplied by 1…
parallax
An apparent shift in the position of an object when viewed fr…
universe
All of space and everything in it
15 terms
Stars, Galaxies and the Universe
Spectrum
Apparent magnitude
Absolute magnitude
Light-year
The band of color produced when white light passes through a…
The brightness of a star as seen from the Earth
The brightness that a star would have at a distance of 32.6 l…
The distance that light travels in one year: about 9.5 trilli…
Spectrum
The band of color produced when white light passes through a…
Apparent magnitude
The brightness of a star as seen from the Earth
42 terms
Ch. 15: Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe
electromagnetic radiation
visible light
wavelength
spectrum
energy that can travel through space in the form of waves
electromagnetic radiation that can be seen with the unaided eye
the distance between the crest of one wave and the crest of t…
the range of wavelengths of electromagnetic waves
electromagnetic radiation
energy that can travel through space in the form of waves
visible light
electromagnetic radiation that can be seen with the unaided eye
59 terms
Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe
stars
spectrum
continuous spectrum
spectrograph
huge, hot, bright balls of gas that are trillions of kilomete…
the band of color produced when white light passes through a…
a spectrum that shows all the colors (hot solid object)
astronomers use this to break a star's light into a spectrum;…
stars
huge, hot, bright balls of gas that are trillions of kilomete…
spectrum
the band of color produced when white light passes through a…
28 terms
Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe
visible light
spectrum
constellation
spectrograph
electromagnetic radiation that can be seen with the unaided eye
the range of wavelengths of electromagnetic waves
an imaginary pattern of stars in the sky
an instrument that separates light into colors and makes an i…
visible light
electromagnetic radiation that can be seen with the unaided eye
spectrum
the range of wavelengths of electromagnetic waves
Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe
Apparent magnitude
Absolute magnitude
Luminosity
Hertzsprung-Russell diagram
The brightness of a star as seen from Earth.
The actual brightness of a star as seen from a distance of 32…
A measure of the total amount of energy that the star emits p…
A plot of stars on a graph of absolute magnitude vs color.
Apparent magnitude
The brightness of a star as seen from Earth.
Absolute magnitude
The actual brightness of a star as seen from a distance of 32…
51 terms
Universe, Galaxies, and Stars
Big Bang Theory
Cosmic Background Radiation
Temperature (Big Bang)
Expanding Universe
the theory that the universe originated 20 billion years ago…
The electromagnetic radiation left over from the big bang
Evidence that states there is still heat in the universe left…
the idea that the space between galaxies or clusters of galax…
Big Bang Theory
the theory that the universe originated 20 billion years ago…
Cosmic Background Radiation
The electromagnetic radiation left over from the big bang
51 terms
Universe, Galaxies, and Stars
Big Bang Theory
Cosmic Background Radiation
Temperature (Big Bang)
Expanding Universe
the theory that the universe originated 20 billion years ago…
The electromagnetic radiation left over from the big bang
Evidence that states there is still heat in the universe left…
the idea that the space between galaxies or clusters of galax…
Big Bang Theory
the theory that the universe originated 20 billion years ago…
Cosmic Background Radiation
The electromagnetic radiation left over from the big bang
13 terms
Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe
Parallax
Universe
Light Year
Scientific Notation
change in position of an object based on your location
all of space and everything in it
distance light travels in one year
powers of 10 to shorten large or small numbers
Parallax
change in position of an object based on your location
Universe
all of space and everything in it
22 terms
Stars, Galaxies & the Universe review
Star
Continuous Spectrum
Spectrograph
Emission Lines
huge, hot bright ball of gas
band of color produced when white light passes through a prism
instrument that breaks a star's light into a spectrum
made when certain wavelengths of light are given off by hot g…
Star
huge, hot bright ball of gas
Continuous Spectrum
band of color produced when white light passes through a prism
41 terms
Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe
Electromagnetic spectrum
The color of stars indicates what?
Red stars
blue stars
the temperature of the star
the coolest
the hottest
Electromagnetic spectrum
The color of stars indicates what?
the temperature of the star
31 terms
Stars, Galaxies and the Universe
Constellation
Absolute Magnitude
Apparent Magnitude
Parallax
a group of stars that form a pattern that looks like a famili…
a measure of the amount of light that a star actually emits
the brightness of a star when viewed from Earth
The apparent change in position of an object when seen from d…
Constellation
a group of stars that form a pattern that looks like a famili…
Absolute Magnitude
a measure of the amount of light that a star actually emits
7 terms
Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe
star
Milky Way
Light-year
Galaxy
A large sphere of hydrogen gas hot enough for nuclear reactio…
The galaxy we live in.
The distance light travels in one year.
A huge collection of stars, gas, and dust.
star
A large sphere of hydrogen gas hot enough for nuclear reactio…
Milky Way
The galaxy we live in.
18 terms
Stars, Galaxies, and Universe
spectrum
apparent magnitude
absolute magnitude
light year
BAND OF COLORS PRODUCED WHEN SUNLIGHT PASSES THROUGH A PRISM;…
A measure of the amount of light from a star that is received…
(astronomy) the magnitude that a star would have if it were v…
Distance light travels in one year.
spectrum
BAND OF COLORS PRODUCED WHEN SUNLIGHT PASSES THROUGH A PRISM;…
apparent magnitude
A measure of the amount of light from a star that is received…
44 terms
Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe
telescope
electromagnetic radiation
visible light
wavelength
A device built to observe distant objects by making them appe…
Energy that travels through space in the form of waves.
Electromagnetic radiation that can be seen with the unaided e…
The distance between the crest of one wave and the crest of t…
telescope
A device built to observe distant objects by making them appe…
electromagnetic radiation
Energy that travels through space in the form of waves.
18 terms
Stars, Galaxies, and Universe
spectrum
apparent magnitude
absolute magnitude
light year
BAND OF COLORS PRODUCED WHEN SUNLIGHT PASSES THROUGH A PRISM;…
A measure of the amount of light from a star that is received…
(astronomy) the magnitude that a star would have if it were v…
Distance light travels in one year.
spectrum
BAND OF COLORS PRODUCED WHEN SUNLIGHT PASSES THROUGH A PRISM;…
apparent magnitude
A measure of the amount of light from a star that is received…
20 terms
Mustache - Stars, Galaxies and the Universe
Constellation
Absolute Magnitude
Apparent Magnitude
Light-year
a group of stars that form a pattern that looks like a famili…
a measure of the amount of light that a star actually emits
the brightness of a star when viewed from Earth
The distance that light travels in one year
Constellation
a group of stars that form a pattern that looks like a famili…
Absolute Magnitude
a measure of the amount of light that a star actually emits
25 terms
CMS Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe
binary star system
black hole
main sequence star
neutron star
two stars that orbit each other
An object in space whose gravity is so strong not even light…
a star filled with hydrogen atoms fused to form helium atoms…
a star entirely made of neutrons, has more mass than the sun…
binary star system
two stars that orbit each other
black hole
An object in space whose gravity is so strong not even light…
25 terms
Mustache - Stars, Galaxies and the Universe
Constellation
Absolute Magnitude
Apparent Magnitude
Parallax
a group of stars that form a pattern that looks like a famili…
a measure of the amount of light that a star actually emits
the brightness of a star when viewed from Earth
The apparent change in position of an object when seen from d…
Constellation
a group of stars that form a pattern that looks like a famili…
Absolute Magnitude
a measure of the amount of light that a star actually emits
31 terms
Universe, Stars, and Galaxies Review
The earliest stage of a star's "life"…
How long a star "lives" depends on it'…
Parallax can only be used on a star if…
A light year is a unit of ______?
protostar
mass/size
close
distance
The earliest stage of a star's "life"…
protostar
How long a star "lives" depends on it'…
mass/size
22 terms
Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe
electromagnetic radiation
wavelength
transverse wave
refracting telescope
energy that can travel through space in the form of waves
the distance between the crest of one wave and the crest of t…
an up and down wave
uses convex lenses to gather and focus light
electromagnetic radiation
energy that can travel through space in the form of waves
wavelength
the distance between the crest of one wave and the crest of t…
53 terms
Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe
Spectrum
Apparent Magnitude
Absolute Magnitude
Light-Year
Band of colors from a white light going through a prism.
The brightness of a star from seen on Earth.
The actual brightness of the star from 32.6 light-years away.
The distance that light travels in one year.
Spectrum
Band of colors from a white light going through a prism.
Apparent Magnitude
The brightness of a star from seen on Earth.
Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe
spectrum
apparent magnitude
absolute magnitude
light-year
a band of colors produced when white light passes through a p…
the brightness of a star as seen from earth
the brightness that a star would have at a distance of 32.6 l…
the distance light travels in 1 year; about 9.5 trillion kilo…
spectrum
a band of colors produced when white light passes through a p…
apparent magnitude
the brightness of a star as seen from earth
Stars, Galaxies and the Universe
Fusion
Solar Wind
Main Sequence
Quasar
Creation of energy by joining the nuclei of two hydrogen atom…
the stage in which stars produce energy through the fusion of…
An enormously bright, distant galaxy with a giant black hole…
Fusion
Creation of energy by joining the nuclei of two hydrogen atom…
Solar Wind
25 terms
Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe
Big Bang
solar nebula
Cosmic background radiation
dark energy
a theory that the universe formed in a huge explosion
a large cloud of gas and dust, such as the one that formed ou…
leftover thermal energy from the big bang
a force that is causing the expansion of the universe to acce…
Big Bang
a theory that the universe formed in a huge explosion
solar nebula
a large cloud of gas and dust, such as the one that formed ou…
13 terms
Stars, Galaxies and the Universe
Characteristics to classify stars
Main-sequence stars
birth of a star
Elliptical Galaxies
size, brightness and temperature
increase in brightness as they increase in temperature
nuclear fusion
have almost no gas or dust between the stars
Characteristics to classify stars
size, brightness and temperature
Main-sequence stars
increase in brightness as they increase in temperature
29 terms
Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe
telescope
electromagnetic radiation
visible light
wavelength
a device built to observe distant objects by making them appe…
energy that travels through space in the form of waves
electromagnetic radiation that can be seen with the unaided eye
the horizontal distance from the crest of a wave to the trough
telescope
a device built to observe distant objects by making them appe…
electromagnetic radiation
energy that travels through space in the form of waves
19 terms
Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe
spectrum
apparent magnitude
absolute magnitude
light-year
colored band produced when a beam of light passes through a p…
the brightness of a star when viewed from Earth
brightness of a star as it would appear if located 32.6 light…
the distance light travels in one year
spectrum
colored band produced when a beam of light passes through a p…
apparent magnitude
the brightness of a star when viewed from Earth
52 terms
Chapter 21 Stars, galaxies, and the universe
Telescope
Refracting telescope
Reflecting telescope
Radio telescope
a device that gathers and focuses distant light to make objec…
uses convex lenses to gather and focus light
uses a curved mirror to gather and focus light
telescope that does not use optics
Telescope
a device that gathers and focuses distant light to make objec…
Refracting telescope
uses convex lenses to gather and focus light
46 terms
Stars, Galaxies and the Universe
parallax
universe
light-year
star
An apparent shift in the position of an object when viewed fr…
All of space and everything in it
The distance light travels in one year
(astronomy) a celestial body of hot gases that radiates energ…
parallax
An apparent shift in the position of an object when viewed fr…
universe
All of space and everything in it
18 terms
Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe
Universe
Constellation
Big Dipper
Solar System
Everything that exists. There are at least one hundred billio…
A group of stars that appears to form a pattern.... An example i…
A group of the seven brightest stars in the Ursa Major conste…
A star and the planets and other bodies that travel around it.
Universe
Everything that exists. There are at least one hundred billio…
Constellation
A group of stars that appears to form a pattern.... An example i…
7 terms
Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe
galaxy
light-year
Big Bang Theory
Milky Way
a huge collection of stars, dust, and gas; classified by shape
how we measure the distance between stars
a theory that states that the universe has been expanding fro…
a spiral galaxy where Earth is located
galaxy
a huge collection of stars, dust, and gas; classified by shape
light-year
how we measure the distance between stars
41 terms
Stars, Galaxies and the Universe Vocab
electromagnetic radiation
visible light
wavelength
spectrum
or energy that can travel through space in the form of waves.
scientists call the light you can see.
the distance between the crest of one wave and the crest of t…
if you shine white light through a prism, the light spreads o…
electromagnetic radiation
or energy that can travel through space in the form of waves.
visible light
scientists call the light you can see.
34 terms
Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe
Spectrum
Apparent magnitude
Absolute magnitude
Light-year
the band of colors produced after white light goes through a…
the brightness from a star we can observe from earth
the brightness a star actually is from 32.6 light years away
how far light travels in one year
Spectrum
the band of colors produced after white light goes through a…
Apparent magnitude
the brightness from a star we can observe from earth
32 terms
Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe
constellations
visible light
electromagnetic radiation
wavelength
Patterns of stars in the sky
The light you see with your eyes
Energy that travels through space in the form of waves.
The distance between the crest of one wave and the crest of t…
constellations
Patterns of stars in the sky
visible light
The light you see with your eyes
15 terms
Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe
constellation
Types of telescopes.
electromagnetic energy
Obstacles for studying the cosmos.
imaginary patterns of stars... Examples:... Orion... Cancer... Capricornu…
A form of energy that travels through space as waves.
TIME!
constellation
imaginary patterns of stars... Examples:... Orion... Cancer... Capricornu…
Types of telescopes.
42 terms
Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe
Electromagnetic spectrum
The color of stars indicates what?
Red stars
blue stars
the temperature of the star
the coolest
the hottest
Electromagnetic spectrum
The color of stars indicates what?
the temperature of the star
44 terms
Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe
telescope
electromagnetic radiation
visible light
wavelength
A device built to observe distant objects by making them appe…
Energy that travels through space in the form of waves.
Electromagnetic radiation that can be seen with the unaided e…
The distance between the crest of one wave and the crest of t…
telescope
A device built to observe distant objects by making them appe…
electromagnetic radiation
Energy that travels through space in the form of waves.
26 terms
Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe
stars
protostar
stars are classified by
supernova
huge, hot, bright balls of gas that are trillions of kilomete…
early form of a star; a large gas spehere... Early form of a sta…
their size, mass, brightness, color, temperature, spectrum, a…
gigantic explosion in which a massive star collapses (massive…
stars
huge, hot, bright balls of gas that are trillions of kilomete…
protostar
early form of a star; a large gas spehere... Early form of a sta…
9 terms
Stars , Galaxies And The Universe
Star (sun)
Light Year
Proxima Centauri
3 Type Of Stars
A large sphere of hydrogen gas hot enough for nuclear reactio…
-The distance light travels in one yea... -9.46 trillion km.
-Star nearest the sun... -4.2 light year away
-Blue white -Hottest... -yellow orange (our sun )
Star (sun)
A large sphere of hydrogen gas hot enough for nuclear reactio…
Light Year
-The distance light travels in one yea... -9.46 trillion km.
83 terms
Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe
Sun's layers starting from the core
Sunspots
Magnetic Fields
Solar Wind
Radiative Zone, Convection Zone, Photosphere, Chromosphere (s…
Sunspots are temporary phenomena on the photosphere of the Su…
The sun's magnetic field has two poles, like a bar magnet. Th…
The solar wind is a stream of energized, charged particles, p…
Sun's layers starting from the core
Radiative Zone, Convection Zone, Photosphere, Chromosphere (s…
Sunspots
Sunspots are temporary phenomena on the photosphere of the Su…
Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe Terms
constellations
optical telescope
apparent brightness
light-year
patterns of stars in the sky
a telescope that uses lenses or mirrors to collect and focus…
a star's brightness as seen from Earth
the distance that light travels in one year
constellations
patterns of stars in the sky
optical telescope
a telescope that uses lenses or mirrors to collect and focus…
29 terms
Stars, Galaxies and the Universe
spectrum
constellations
spectrograph
apparent brightness
A collection of waves with a range of frequencies (visible sp…
A group of stars that forms a shape or ... an imaginary pattern…
A device that breaks light into colors and produces an image…
The brightness of a star as seen from Earth.
spectrum
A collection of waves with a range of frequencies (visible sp…
constellations
A group of stars that forms a shape or ... an imaginary pattern…
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