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23 terms
Statistics chapter 1
Statistics
Population
Sample
Statistic
The science of collecting, organizing, analyzing, and interpr…
The collection of all outcomes, responses, measurments, or co…
A subset, or part, of a population.
A numerical description of a sample chacharacgeris.
Statistics
The science of collecting, organizing, analyzing, and interpr…
Population
The collection of all outcomes, responses, measurments, or co…
29 terms
Statistics Chapter 1
Hawthorn Effect
Placebo Effect
Telephone, Mail, In person, Observation
Random
People act differently if they suspect they are being observed.
If we think something is going to happen, we believe it.
Survey Methods
random selection of people.
Hawthorn Effect
People act differently if they suspect they are being observed.
Placebo Effect
If we think something is going to happen, we believe it.
40 terms
AP Statistics Vocabulary Chapter 1
Individuals
Variable
Categorical Variable
Quantitative Variable
the objects described by a set of data. Individuals may be pe…
any characteristic of an individual. A variable can take diff…
places an individual into one of several groups or categories.
take numerical values for which it makes sense to find an ave…
Individuals
the objects described by a set of data. Individuals may be pe…
Variable
any characteristic of an individual. A variable can take diff…
25 terms
Statistics - Chapter 1 Review
Data
Statistics
Population
Sample
Information coming from observations, counts, measurements, o…
The science of collecting, organizing, analyzing, and interpr…
The collection of all outcomes, responses, measurements, or c…
A subset of a population.
Data
Information coming from observations, counts, measurements, o…
Statistics
The science of collecting, organizing, analyzing, and interpr…
37 terms
Statistics - Chapter 1
continuous variable
descriptive variable
discrete variable
element
take on any value within a finite or infinite interval
methods for summarizing and organizing the information in a d…
values are distinct and separate; take either a finite or a c…
specific entity about which information is collected
continuous variable
take on any value within a finite or infinite interval
descriptive variable
methods for summarizing and organizing the information in a d…
60 terms
Statistics Chapter 1
Data
Statistics
Population
Sample
_______ = Collections of observations such as measurements, c…
_______ = The science of collecting data and then organizing,…
_______ = The complete collection of ALL measurements or data…
_______ = A subcollection of members selected from a populati…
Data
_______ = Collections of observations such as measurements, c…
Statistics
_______ = The science of collecting data and then organizing,…
Statistics Chapter 1 Vocabulary
Statistics
Population
Sample
Parameter
Science of collecting, organizing, analyzing, and interpretin…
Collection of all outcomes, responses measurements, or counts…
Subset, or part, of a population.
Numerical description of a population characteristic.
Statistics
Science of collecting, organizing, analyzing, and interpretin…
Population
Collection of all outcomes, responses measurements, or counts…
29 terms
Statistics Chapter 1
cluster sampling
Random sampling
Stratified sampling
Systematic sampling
Subjects selected by using an intact group that is representa…
Subjects selected by random numbers
Subjects are divided into groups and then subjects are random…
Subjects are selected by using every kth number after the fir…
cluster sampling
Subjects selected by using an intact group that is representa…
Random sampling
Subjects selected by random numbers
23 terms
Statistics Chapter 1
statistics
descriptive statistics
inferential statistics
population
A group of methods used to collect, analyze, present, and int…
Consists of methods for organizing, displaying, and describin…
Collection of methods that help make decisions about a popula…
The collection of all elements whose characteristics are bein…
statistics
A group of methods used to collect, analyze, present, and int…
descriptive statistics
Consists of methods for organizing, displaying, and describin…
52 terms
Statistics chapter 1-2
statistics
population
sample
descriptive
___ is the science of collecting, organizing, summarizing, an…
The entire group of individuals to be studied is called the _…
A ___ is a subset of the population that is being studied.
___ statistics deals with the organization and summarization…
statistics
___ is the science of collecting, organizing, summarizing, an…
population
The entire group of individuals to be studied is called the _…
10 terms
Ch1 Intro to Statistics
Context
Data
Data table
Case
Tells WHO was measured, WHAT was measured, HOW the data were…
Systematically recorded information, whether numbers or label…
An arrangement of data in which each row represents a case an…
An individual about whom or which we have data
Context
Tells WHO was measured, WHAT was measured, HOW the data were…
Data
Systematically recorded information, whether numbers or label…
42 terms
AP Statistics Chapter 1
Variables
Categorical Variable
Quantitative Variable
Frequency Table
Characteristic of an individual
Places individual into a category
Takes numerical values for which it makes sense to find an av…
Table of counts
Variables
Characteristic of an individual
Categorical Variable
Places individual into a category
35 terms
AP Statistics Chapter 1
Population
Sample
Observational Study
Experiment
The entire collection of individuals or objects that you want…
Part of the population selected for the study.
Investigators observe subjects and measure variables of inter…
Investigators apply the treatments to experimental units (peo…
Population
The entire collection of individuals or objects that you want…
Sample
Part of the population selected for the study.
46 terms
AP Statistics Chapter 1
Individuals
Variables
Categorical Variable
Quantitative Variable
Objects
Characteristic of an individual
Places individual into a category
Takes numerical values for which it makes sense to find an av…
Individuals
Objects
Variables
Characteristic of an individual
43 terms
Statistics Chapter 1
Statistics
data
lurking variables
population
science of collecting, organizing, summarizing, and analyzing…
facts or propositions used to draw conclusions
influencing variable that affects other variables
group studied
Statistics
science of collecting, organizing, summarizing, and analyzing…
data
facts or propositions used to draw conclusions
40 terms
Statistics Chapter 1
Statistics
Population
A statistic
Parameter
The science of conducting studies to collect, organize, sumar…
All the members of the group that you are studying
Something factual that describes the sample
Something factual that describes the population
Statistics
The science of conducting studies to collect, organize, sumar…
Population
All the members of the group that you are studying
64 terms
Statistics chapter 1-3
statistics
population
sample
descriptive
___ is the science of collecting, organizing, summarizing, an…
The entire group of individuals to be studied is called the _…
A ___ is a subset of the population that is being studied.
___ statistics deals with the organization and summarization…
statistics
___ is the science of collecting, organizing, summarizing, an…
population
The entire group of individuals to be studied is called the _…
52 terms
Statistics Chapter 1
OGIVE graph is for
OGIVE graph components
Group frequency distribution categories
Quantitative variable
Cumulative frequency or cumulative relative -> %'s frequency…
Title, Vertical scale with either cumulative frequencies or c…
Class, boundaries, tally, class mark, frequency, relative fre…
Arithmetic operations are meaningful
OGIVE graph is for
Cumulative frequency or cumulative relative -> %'s frequency…
OGIVE graph components
Title, Vertical scale with either cumulative frequencies or c…
25 terms
Statistics Chapter 1
statistics
variables
Data
data set/sample
the science/art of collecting and analyzing observations to l…
a characteristic/measurement for an observation
observations you or someone else records
a collection of data that is part of a bigger set of data
statistics
the science/art of collecting and analyzing observations to l…
variables
a characteristic/measurement for an observation
54 terms
Statistics Chapter 1 Vocabulary
blinding
boundary
completely randomized design
double blinding
subjects of the study are not aware if they are receiving a p…
class of numbers in which the data will be included before th…
a study where the groups and statements being studied are all…
technique of study where the subjects and the researchers do…
blinding
subjects of the study are not aware if they are receiving a p…
boundary
class of numbers in which the data will be included before th…
52 terms
Understandable Statistics - Chapter 1
Statistics
Individuals
Variable
Quantitative variable
is the study of how to collect, organize, analyze, and interp…
are the people or objects included in the study.
is a characteristic of the individual to be measured or obser…
has a value or numerical measurement for which operations suc…
Statistics
is the study of how to collect, organize, analyze, and interp…
Individuals
are the people or objects included in the study.
37 terms
the practice of statistics chapter 1
Individuals
Variable
To better understand the date. When yo…
Categorical Variable
are objects described by a set of data. Individuals may be pe…
is any characteristics of an individual. A variable can take…
1) Who are the individuals described by the data? How many…
places an individual into one of several groups or categories…
Individuals
are objects described by a set of data. Individuals may be pe…
Variable
is any characteristics of an individual. A variable can take…
80 terms
Statistics: Chapter 1
Statistics
Statistical Research in Behavioural Sc…
Statistics Two General Purposes:
Statistical Procedures
Defined as facts and figures that are informative and time sa…
Involves gathering information for analyzation and interpreta…
1. To organize and summarize information so the researcher ca…
Help to ensure that the information or observations are prese…
Statistics
Defined as facts and figures that are informative and time sa…
Statistical Research in Behavioural Sc…
Involves gathering information for analyzation and interpreta…
33 terms
Chapter 1 Statistics
Data
Statistics
Population
Sample
Consists of information coming from observations, counts, mea…
The science of collecting, organizing, analyzing, and interpr…
The collection of data of ALL outcomes, responses, measuremen…
A subset of the population.
Data
Consists of information coming from observations, counts, mea…
Statistics
The science of collecting, organizing, analyzing, and interpr…
30 terms
Chapter 1- Introduction to Statistics
Data
Statistics
Population
Sample
consist from information coming from observations, counts, me…
the science of collecting, organizing, analyzing, and interpr…
the collection of all outcomes, responses, measurements, or c…
a subset, or part, of a population
Data
consist from information coming from observations, counts, me…
Statistics
the science of collecting, organizing, analyzing, and interpr…
26 terms
Statistics - Chapter 1 Vocabulary
Statistics
Individual
Variable
Quantitative
the study of how to collect, organize, analyze, and interpret…
people or objects included in the study
the characteristic of the individual to be measured or observed
numerical measure
Statistics
the study of how to collect, organize, analyze, and interpret…
Individual
people or objects included in the study
15 terms
Statistics: Chapter 1
statistics
descriptive statistics
inferential statistics
population
the science of collecting, analyzing, presenting, and interpr…
organize and describe data with tables, graphs, and summary m…
uses results from a sample that help make predictions about a…
all the elements who are being studied
statistics
the science of collecting, analyzing, presenting, and interpr…
descriptive statistics
organize and describe data with tables, graphs, and summary m…
27 terms
Statistics - Chapter 1
Statistics
Population
Sample
Parameters
The art and science of collecting, analyzing, and using data…
Entire collection of individuals or units that a researcher i…
Smaller set of individuals selected from the population. The…
Characteristics of populations.... 1) The actual truth about a…
Statistics
The art and science of collecting, analyzing, and using data…
Population
Entire collection of individuals or units that a researcher i…
42 terms
Statistics - Chapter 1 Vocabulary
Population
statistician
variable
data
entire set of subjects with the characteristics of interest t…
one who specializes in the preparation and application of the…
any measurable characteristic in a population or sample
set of values or evidence collected from each unit
Population
entire set of subjects with the characteristics of interest t…
statistician
one who specializes in the preparation and application of the…
46 terms
Statistics chapter 1
statistics
population
sample
descriptive
___ is the science of collecting, organizing, summarizing, an…
The entire group of individuals to be studied is called the _…
A ___ is a subset of the population that is being studied.
___ statistics deals with the organization and summarization…
statistics
___ is the science of collecting, organizing, summarizing, an…
population
The entire group of individuals to be studied is called the _…
31 terms
Chapter 1- Introduction to Statistics
Data
Statistics
Population
Sample
consist from information coming from observations, counts, me…
the science of collecting, organizing, analyzing, and interpr…
every individual involved in the study
portion of a population
Data
consist from information coming from observations, counts, me…
Statistics
the science of collecting, organizing, analyzing, and interpr…
34 terms
Statistics Chapter 1
statistics
individuals
variable
quantitative variable
The study of how to collect, organize, analyze, and interpret…
The people or objects included in a study.
This is a characteristic of the individual to be measured or…
a value or numerical measurement for which operations such ad…
statistics
The study of how to collect, organize, analyze, and interpret…
individuals
The people or objects included in a study.
Statistics Chapter 1
Data
Statistics
Two kinds of data sets
Population data set
Consists of information coming from observations, counts, mea…
The science of collecting, organizing, analyzing, and interpr…
Populations and samples
Collection of all outcomes
Data
Consists of information coming from observations, counts, mea…
Statistics
The science of collecting, organizing, analyzing, and interpr…
47 terms
AP Statistics: Chapter 1
Statistics
Individuals
Variable
Objects
the science of collecting, organizing, and interpreting numer…
Objects described by a set of data
Any characteristic of an individual (can be measured, recorded)
People, animals, things
Statistics
the science of collecting, organizing, and interpreting numer…
Individuals
Objects described by a set of data
57 terms
Chapter 1 - Introduction to Statistics
Data
Statistics
Population
Census
Collections of observations.
The science of planning studies and experiments, obtaining da…
The complete collection of all individuals or things to be st…
The collection of data from every member of the population.
Data
Collections of observations.
Statistics
The science of planning studies and experiments, obtaining da…
37 terms
the practice of statistics chapter 1
Individuals
Variable
To better understand the date. When yo…
Categorical Variable
are objects described by a set of data. Individuals may be pe…
is any characteristics of an individual. A variable can take…
1) Who are the individuals described by the data? How many…
places an individual into one of several groups or categories…
Individuals
are objects described by a set of data. Individuals may be pe…
Variable
is any characteristics of an individual. A variable can take…
93 terms
Statistics: Chapter 1 Terms
Statistics
Descriptive Statistics
Inferential Statistics
Population
the art of collecting, organizing, summarizing, and describin…
collecting data, organizing data, summarizing data, and descr…
drawing conclusions about the data
the complete set of units we are studying; may be people, ani…
Statistics
the art of collecting, organizing, summarizing, and describin…
Descriptive Statistics
collecting data, organizing data, summarizing data, and descr…
25 terms
Statistics Chapter 1
Data
Statistics
Population
Census
Are observations (such as measurements) that have been collec…
A collection of methods for planning experiments, obtaining d…
The complete collection of all elements (such as scores, peop…
Collection of data from EVERY member of the population.
Data
Are observations (such as measurements) that have been collec…
Statistics
A collection of methods for planning experiments, obtaining d…
32 terms
Statistics chapter 1
Data
population
census
sample
collections of observations
the complete set of people or things that are being studied.…
the collection of data from every member of the population. T…
a subset of the population. We use samples to estimate the re…
Data
collections of observations
population
the complete set of people or things that are being studied.…
30 terms
Statistics Ch 1-2 Review
Bar Graph
Histogram
Frequency Histogram
Circle Graph (Pie Chart)
a graph with bars that are of uniform width and are evenly sp…
a graph with bars that represent a range of values on the hor…
a histogram that shows the ratio between class frequency and…
shows the total quantity divided into component parts using p…
Bar Graph
a graph with bars that are of uniform width and are evenly sp…
Histogram
a graph with bars that represent a range of values on the hor…
18 terms
Chapter 1 - Descriptive Statistics
Frequency Distribution
Scatter Diagram (Scatter Plot)
Linear Regression
Sample
A table that displays the frequency of certain outcomes in a…
A graph of pairs of data with one variable on each axis to co…
A process used to find the best fitting line between graphed…
A subset or smaller group representing the population
Frequency Distribution
A table that displays the frequency of certain outcomes in a…
Scatter Diagram (Scatter Plot)
A graph of pairs of data with one variable on each axis to co…
23 terms
Statistics Vocab: chapter 1
Data
Statistics
Population
Census
collections of observations
is the science of planning studies and experiments, obtaining…
the complete collection of all ... individuals to be studied
Collection of data from every... member of a population
Data
collections of observations
Statistics
is the science of planning studies and experiments, obtaining…
14 terms
Statistics Chapter 1
Study of statistics
Descriptive Statistics
Inferential Statistics
Population
the way we collect, analyze, and interpret data
tables, graphs, and numerical summaries of data (average, max…
using data from a sample to make estimates or tests hypothesi…
the whole collection of people or objects under study
Study of statistics
the way we collect, analyze, and interpret data
Descriptive Statistics
tables, graphs, and numerical summaries of data (average, max…
53 terms
Statistics Chapter 1
Statistics
Descriptive Statistics
Inferential Statistics
Population
the science of collecting, analyzing and drawing conclusions…
the methods of organizing and summarizing data
involves making conclusions from a sample to a population
the entire collection of individuals or objects about which i…
Statistics
the science of collecting, analyzing and drawing conclusions…
Descriptive Statistics
the methods of organizing and summarizing data
22 terms
Statistics Chapter 1 Quiz
Data
Population
Parameter
Statistic
Observations that have been collected; "data are", i.e. surve…
The complete collection of all elements/subjects to be studie…
A numerical measurement that describes a characteristic of a…
A numerical measurement that describes a characteristic of a…
Data
Observations that have been collected; "data are", i.e. surve…
Population
The complete collection of all elements/subjects to be studie…
54 terms
Bluman Statistics Chapter 1 Vocabulary
blinding
boundary
completely randomized design
double blinding
subjects of the study are not aware if they are receiving a p…
class of numbers in which the data will be included before th…
a study where the groups and statements being studied are all…
technique of study where the subjects and the researchers do…
blinding
subjects of the study are not aware if they are receiving a p…
boundary
class of numbers in which the data will be included before th…
68 terms
Statistics Chapter 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, and 12
Context
Data
Data Table
Case
The 5 W's of what is being measured.
Information coded into a suitable form for computer input, pr…
A chart that organizes information into rows and columns
A case is an individual about whom or which we have data
Context
The 5 W's of what is being measured.
Data
Information coded into a suitable form for computer input, pr…
40 terms
AP Statistics Vocabulary Chapter 1 Exploring Data
Individuals
Variable
Categorical Variable
Quantitative Variable
the objects described by a set of data. Individuals may be pe…
any characteristic of an individual. A variable can take diff…
places an individual into one of several groups or categories.
take numerical values for which it makes sense to find an ave…
Individuals
the objects described by a set of data. Individuals may be pe…
Variable
any characteristic of an individual. A variable can take diff…
17 terms
Statistics - Chapter 1 Terms
statistics
variable
descriptive statistics
inferential statistics
the science of conducing studies to collect, organize, summar…
a characteristic or attribute that can assume different values
consists of the collection, organization, summarization, and…
consists of generalizing from samples to populations, perform…
statistics
the science of conducing studies to collect, organize, summar…
variable
a characteristic or attribute that can assume different values
64 terms
Intro to statistics: chapter 1 and 2
Statistics
What does statistics involve?
Descriptive statistics
Inferential statistics
Science of data
Collecting, classifying, summarizing, organizing, analyzing,…
Utilizes numerical and graphical methods to look for patterns…
Utilizes sample data to make estimates, decisions, prediction…
Statistics
Science of data
What does statistics involve?
Collecting, classifying, summarizing, organizing, analyzing,…
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