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Statistics

Population

Sample

Statistic

The science of collecting, organizing, analyzing, and interpr…

The collection of all outcomes, responses, measurments, or co…

A subset, or part, of a population.

A numerical description of a sample chacharacgeris.

Statistics

The science of collecting, organizing, analyzing, and interpr…

Population

The collection of all outcomes, responses, measurments, or co…

Hawthorn Effect

Placebo Effect

Telephone, Mail, In person, Observation

Random

People act differently if they suspect they are being observed.

If we think something is going to happen, we believe it.

Survey Methods

random selection of people.

Hawthorn Effect

People act differently if they suspect they are being observed.

Placebo Effect

If we think something is going to happen, we believe it.

Individuals

Variable

Categorical Variable

Quantitative Variable

the objects described by a set of data. Individuals may be pe…

any characteristic of an individual. A variable can take diff…

places an individual into one of several groups or categories.

take numerical values for which it makes sense to find an ave…

Individuals

the objects described by a set of data. Individuals may be pe…

Variable

any characteristic of an individual. A variable can take diff…

Data

Statistics

Population

Sample

Information coming from observations, counts, measurements, o…

The science of collecting, organizing, analyzing, and interpr…

The collection of all outcomes, responses, measurements, or c…

A subset of a population.

Data

Information coming from observations, counts, measurements, o…

Statistics

The science of collecting, organizing, analyzing, and interpr…

continuous variable

descriptive variable

discrete variable

element

take on any value within a finite or infinite interval

methods for summarizing and organizing the information in a d…

values are distinct and separate; take either a finite or a c…

specific entity about which information is collected

continuous variable

take on any value within a finite or infinite interval

descriptive variable

methods for summarizing and organizing the information in a d…

Data

Statistics

Population

Sample

_______ = Collections of observations such as measurements, c…

_______ = The science of collecting data and then organizing,…

_______ = The complete collection of ALL measurements or data…

_______ = A subcollection of members selected from a populati…

Data

_______ = Collections of observations such as measurements, c…

Statistics

_______ = The science of collecting data and then organizing,…

Statistics

Population

Sample

Parameter

Science of collecting, organizing, analyzing, and interpretin…

Collection of all outcomes, responses measurements, or counts…

Subset, or part, of a population.

Numerical description of a population characteristic.

Statistics

Science of collecting, organizing, analyzing, and interpretin…

Population

Collection of all outcomes, responses measurements, or counts…

cluster sampling

Random sampling

Stratified sampling

Systematic sampling

Subjects selected by using an intact group that is representa…

Subjects selected by random numbers

Subjects are divided into groups and then subjects are random…

Subjects are selected by using every kth number after the fir…

cluster sampling

Subjects selected by using an intact group that is representa…

Random sampling

Subjects selected by random numbers

statistics

descriptive statistics

inferential statistics

population

A group of methods used to collect, analyze, present, and int…

Consists of methods for organizing, displaying, and describin…

Collection of methods that help make decisions about a popula…

The collection of all elements whose characteristics are bein…

statistics

A group of methods used to collect, analyze, present, and int…

descriptive statistics

Consists of methods for organizing, displaying, and describin…

statistics

population

sample

descriptive

___ is the science of collecting, organizing, summarizing, an…

The entire group of individuals to be studied is called the _…

A ___ is a subset of the population that is being studied.

___ statistics deals with the organization and summarization…

statistics

___ is the science of collecting, organizing, summarizing, an…

population

The entire group of individuals to be studied is called the _…

Context

Data

Data table

Case

Tells WHO was measured, WHAT was measured, HOW the data were…

Systematically recorded information, whether numbers or label…

An arrangement of data in which each row represents a case an…

An individual about whom or which we have data

Context

Tells WHO was measured, WHAT was measured, HOW the data were…

Data

Systematically recorded information, whether numbers or label…

Variables

Categorical Variable

Quantitative Variable

Frequency Table

Characteristic of an individual

Places individual into a category

Takes numerical values for which it makes sense to find an av…

Table of counts

Variables

Characteristic of an individual

Categorical Variable

Places individual into a category

Population

Sample

Observational Study

Experiment

The entire collection of individuals or objects that you want…

Part of the population selected for the study.

Investigators observe subjects and measure variables of inter…

Investigators apply the treatments to experimental units (peo…

Population

The entire collection of individuals or objects that you want…

Sample

Part of the population selected for the study.

Statistics

data

lurking variables

population

science of collecting, organizing, summarizing, and analyzing…

facts or propositions used to draw conclusions

influencing variable that affects other variables

group studied

Statistics

science of collecting, organizing, summarizing, and analyzing…

data

facts or propositions used to draw conclusions

Statistics

Population

A statistic

Parameter

The science of conducting studies to collect, organize, sumar…

All the members of the group that you are studying

Something factual that describes the sample

Something factual that describes the population

Statistics

The science of conducting studies to collect, organize, sumar…

Population

All the members of the group that you are studying

statistics

population

sample

descriptive

___ is the science of collecting, organizing, summarizing, an…

The entire group of individuals to be studied is called the _…

A ___ is a subset of the population that is being studied.

___ statistics deals with the organization and summarization…

statistics

___ is the science of collecting, organizing, summarizing, an…

population

The entire group of individuals to be studied is called the _…

OGIVE graph is for

OGIVE graph components

Group frequency distribution categories

Quantitative variable

Cumulative frequency or cumulative relative -> %'s frequency…

Title, Vertical scale with either cumulative frequencies or c…

Class, boundaries, tally, class mark, frequency, relative fre…

Arithmetic operations are meaningful

OGIVE graph is for

Cumulative frequency or cumulative relative -> %'s frequency…

OGIVE graph components

Title, Vertical scale with either cumulative frequencies or c…

statistics

variables

Data

data set/sample

the science/art of collecting and analyzing observations to l…

a characteristic/measurement for an observation

observations you or someone else records

a collection of data that is part of a bigger set of data

statistics

the science/art of collecting and analyzing observations to l…

variables

a characteristic/measurement for an observation

blinding

boundary

completely randomized design

double blinding

subjects of the study are not aware if they are receiving a p…

class of numbers in which the data will be included before th…

a study where the groups and statements being studied are all…

technique of study where the subjects and the researchers do…

blinding

subjects of the study are not aware if they are receiving a p…

boundary

class of numbers in which the data will be included before th…

Statistics

Individuals

Variable

Quantitative variable

is the study of how to collect, organize, analyze, and interp…

are the people or objects included in the study.

is a characteristic of the individual to be measured or obser…

has a value or numerical measurement for which operations suc…

Statistics

is the study of how to collect, organize, analyze, and interp…

Individuals

are the people or objects included in the study.

Individuals

Variable

To better understand the date. When yo…

Categorical Variable

are objects described by a set of data. Individuals may be pe…

is any characteristics of an individual. A variable can take…

1) **Who** are the individuals described by the data? How many…

places an individual into one of several groups or categories…

Individuals

are objects described by a set of data. Individuals may be pe…

Variable

is any characteristics of an individual. A variable can take…

Statistics

Statistical Research in Behavioural Sc…

Statistics Two General Purposes:

Statistical Procedures

Defined as facts and figures that are informative and time sa…

Involves gathering information for analyzation and interpreta…

1. To organize and summarize information so the researcher ca…

Help to ensure that the information or observations are prese…

Statistics

Defined as facts and figures that are informative and time sa…

Statistical Research in Behavioural Sc…

Involves gathering information for analyzation and interpreta…

Data

Statistics

Population

Sample

Consists of information coming from observations, counts, mea…

The science of collecting, organizing, analyzing, and interpr…

The collection of data of ALL outcomes, responses, measuremen…

A subset of the population.

Data

Consists of information coming from observations, counts, mea…

Statistics

The science of collecting, organizing, analyzing, and interpr…

Data

Statistics

Population

Sample

consist from information coming from observations, counts, me…

the science of collecting, organizing, analyzing, and interpr…

the collection of all outcomes, responses, measurements, or c…

a subset, or part, of a population

Data

consist from information coming from observations, counts, me…

Statistics

the science of collecting, organizing, analyzing, and interpr…

Statistics

Individual

Variable

Quantitative

the study of how to collect, organize, analyze, and interpret…

people or objects included in the study

the characteristic of the individual to be measured or observed

numerical measure

Statistics

the study of how to collect, organize, analyze, and interpret…

Individual

people or objects included in the study

statistics

descriptive statistics

inferential statistics

population

the science of collecting, analyzing, presenting, and interpr…

organize and describe data with tables, graphs, and summary m…

uses results from a sample that help make predictions about a…

all the elements who are being studied

statistics

the science of collecting, analyzing, presenting, and interpr…

descriptive statistics

organize and describe data with tables, graphs, and summary m…

Statistics

Population

Sample

Parameters

The art and science of collecting, analyzing, and using data…

Entire collection of individuals or units that a researcher i…

Smaller set of individuals selected from the population. The…

Characteristics of populations.... 1) The actual truth about a…

Statistics

The art and science of collecting, analyzing, and using data…

Population

Entire collection of individuals or units that a researcher i…

Population

statistician

variable

data

entire set of subjects with the characteristics of interest t…

one who specializes in the preparation and application of the…

any measurable characteristic in a population or sample

set of values or evidence collected from each unit

Population

entire set of subjects with the characteristics of interest t…

statistician

one who specializes in the preparation and application of the…

statistics

population

sample

descriptive

___ is the science of collecting, organizing, summarizing, an…

The entire group of individuals to be studied is called the _…

A ___ is a subset of the population that is being studied.

___ statistics deals with the organization and summarization…

statistics

___ is the science of collecting, organizing, summarizing, an…

population

The entire group of individuals to be studied is called the _…

Data

Statistics

Population

Sample

consist from information coming from observations, counts, me…

the science of collecting, organizing, analyzing, and interpr…

every individual involved in the study

portion of a population

Data

consist from information coming from observations, counts, me…

Statistics

the science of collecting, organizing, analyzing, and interpr…

statistics

individuals

variable

quantitative variable

The study of how to collect, organize, analyze, and interpret…

The people or objects included in a study.

This is a characteristic of the individual to be measured or…

a value or numerical measurement for which operations such ad…

statistics

The study of how to collect, organize, analyze, and interpret…

individuals

The people or objects included in a study.

Data

Statistics

Two kinds of data sets

Population data set

Consists of information coming from observations, counts, mea…

The science of collecting, organizing, analyzing, and interpr…

Populations and samples

Collection of all outcomes

Data

Consists of information coming from observations, counts, mea…

Statistics

The science of collecting, organizing, analyzing, and interpr…

Statistics

Individuals

Variable

Objects

the science of collecting, organizing, and interpreting numer…

Objects described by a set of data

Any characteristic of an individual (can be measured, recorded)

People, animals, things

Statistics

the science of collecting, organizing, and interpreting numer…

Individuals

Objects described by a set of data

Data

Statistics

Population

Census

Collections of observations.

The science of planning studies and experiments, obtaining da…

The complete collection of all individuals or things to be st…

The collection of data from every member of the population.

Data

Collections of observations.

Statistics

The science of planning studies and experiments, obtaining da…

Individuals

Variable

To better understand the date. When yo…

Categorical Variable

are objects described by a set of data. Individuals may be pe…

is any characteristics of an individual. A variable can take…

1) **Who** are the individuals described by the data? How many…

places an individual into one of several groups or categories…

Individuals

are objects described by a set of data. Individuals may be pe…

Variable

is any characteristics of an individual. A variable can take…

Statistics

Descriptive Statistics

Inferential Statistics

Population

the art of collecting, organizing, summarizing, and describin…

collecting data, organizing data, summarizing data, and descr…

drawing conclusions about the data

the complete set of units we are studying; may be people, ani…

Statistics

the art of collecting, organizing, summarizing, and describin…

Descriptive Statistics

collecting data, organizing data, summarizing data, and descr…

Data

Statistics

Population

Census

Are observations (such as measurements) that have been collec…

A collection of methods for planning experiments, obtaining d…

The complete collection of all elements (such as scores, peop…

Collection of data from EVERY member of the population.

Data

Are observations (such as measurements) that have been collec…

Statistics

A collection of methods for planning experiments, obtaining d…

Data

population

census

sample

collections of observations

the complete set of people or things that are being studied.…

the collection of data from every member of the population. T…

a subset of the population. We use samples to estimate the re…

Data

collections of observations

population

the complete set of people or things that are being studied.…

Bar Graph

Histogram

Frequency Histogram

Circle Graph (Pie Chart)

a graph with bars that are of uniform width and are evenly sp…

a graph with bars that represent a range of values on the hor…

a histogram that shows the ratio between class frequency and…

shows the total quantity divided into component parts using p…

Bar Graph

a graph with bars that are of uniform width and are evenly sp…

Histogram

a graph with bars that represent a range of values on the hor…

Frequency Distribution

Scatter Diagram (Scatter Plot)

Linear Regression

Sample

A table that displays the frequency of certain outcomes in a…

A graph of pairs of data with one variable on each axis to co…

A process used to find the best fitting line between graphed…

A subset or smaller group representing the population

Frequency Distribution

A table that displays the frequency of certain outcomes in a…

Scatter Diagram (Scatter Plot)

A graph of pairs of data with one variable on each axis to co…

Data

Statistics

Population

Census

collections of observations

is the science of planning studies and experiments, obtaining…

the complete collection of all ... individuals to be studied

Collection of data from every... member of a population

Data

collections of observations

Statistics

is the science of planning studies and experiments, obtaining…

Study of statistics

Descriptive Statistics

Inferential Statistics

Population

the way we collect, analyze, and interpret data

tables, graphs, and numerical summaries of data (average, max…

using data from a sample to make estimates or tests hypothesi…

the whole collection of people or objects under study

Study of statistics

the way we collect, analyze, and interpret data

Descriptive Statistics

tables, graphs, and numerical summaries of data (average, max…

Statistics

Descriptive Statistics

Inferential Statistics

Population

the science of collecting, analyzing and drawing conclusions…

the methods of organizing and summarizing data

involves making conclusions from a sample to a population

the entire collection of individuals or objects about which i…

Statistics

the science of collecting, analyzing and drawing conclusions…

Descriptive Statistics

the methods of organizing and summarizing data

Data

Population

Parameter

Statistic

Observations that have been collected; "data are", i.e. surve…

The complete collection of all elements/subjects to be studie…

A numerical measurement that describes a characteristic of a…

A numerical measurement that describes a characteristic of a…

Data

Observations that have been collected; "data are", i.e. surve…

Population

The complete collection of all elements/subjects to be studie…

blinding

boundary

completely randomized design

double blinding

subjects of the study are not aware if they are receiving a p…

class of numbers in which the data will be included before th…

a study where the groups and statements being studied are all…

technique of study where the subjects and the researchers do…

blinding

subjects of the study are not aware if they are receiving a p…

boundary

class of numbers in which the data will be included before th…

Context

Data

Data Table

Case

The 5 W's of what is being measured.

Information coded into a suitable form for computer input, pr…

A chart that organizes information into rows and columns

A case is an individual about whom or which we have data

Context

The 5 W's of what is being measured.

Data

Information coded into a suitable form for computer input, pr…

Individuals

Variable

Categorical Variable

Quantitative Variable

the objects described by a set of data. Individuals may be pe…

any characteristic of an individual. A variable can take diff…

places an individual into one of several groups or categories.

take numerical values for which it makes sense to find an ave…

Individuals

the objects described by a set of data. Individuals may be pe…

Variable

any characteristic of an individual. A variable can take diff…

statistics

variable

descriptive statistics

inferential statistics

the science of conducing studies to collect, organize, summar…

a characteristic or attribute that can assume different values

consists of the collection, organization, summarization, and…

consists of generalizing from samples to populations, perform…

statistics

the science of conducing studies to collect, organize, summar…

variable

a characteristic or attribute that can assume different values

Statistics

What does statistics involve?

Descriptive statistics

Inferential statistics

Science of data

Collecting, classifying, summarizing, organizing, analyzing,…

Utilizes numerical and graphical methods to look for patterns…

Utilizes sample data to make estimates, decisions, prediction…

Statistics

Science of data

What does statistics involve?

Collecting, classifying, summarizing, organizing, analyzing,…