# Study sets matching "statistics probability"

frequency table

relative frequency table

pictograph

circle graphs

shows how frequently each unique value appears in the set

shows the proportions of each unique value compared to the ent…

graph, generally in the hoorizontal orientation, thta uses pic…

also known as pie charts, provide a visual depiction of the re…

frequency table

shows how frequently each unique value appears in the set

relative frequency table

shows the proportions of each unique value compared to the ent…

Probability

Outcome

Event

Independent Event

is the measure of how likely an event is (where 0 indicates im…

is the result of a single trial of an experiment.

is one or more outcomes of an experiment

Two events, A and B, are independent if the fact that A occurs…

Probability

is the measure of how likely an event is (where 0 indicates im…

Outcome

is the result of a single trial of an experiment.

Theoretical Probability

Experimental Probability

Law of Large Numbers

Fundamental Counting Principle

the expected... probability and can be found with a formula.

determined by carrying out a simulation or an... experiment.

In experimental probability, as the number of trials... increases…

a computational procedure to determine the number of... possible…

Theoretical Probability

the expected... probability and can be found with a formula.

Experimental Probability

determined by carrying out a simulation or an... experiment.

Box-and-Whisker Plot

Outlier

Quartile

Bar Graph

shows the distribution of data. The middle... half of the data is…

a number in a set of data that is much larger or much smaller…

1) Division of data into 4 equal parts

A graph that uses horizontal or vertical bars to display data

Box-and-Whisker Plot

shows the distribution of data. The middle... half of the data is…

Outlier

a number in a set of data that is much larger or much smaller…

Statistics ?

Variables?

What is Descriptive Statistics ?

What is Inferential Statistics?

Study of how to collect, organize, analyze, and interpret

Characteristics of the person or object being measured or obse…

Consists of the collection organization summarization and pres…

Uses probability (the chance of something occurring) to determ…

Statistics ?

Study of how to collect, organize, analyze, and interpret

Variables?

Characteristics of the person or object being measured or obse…

Dot Plot

Range

Quartiles

Box Plot

a graphical display of data using dots

the difference between the lowest and highest value

the values that divide a list of numbers into quarters

a visual display of the minimum, maximum, Q1, Q3, and median

Dot Plot

a graphical display of data using dots

Range

the difference between the lowest and highest value

P(Sample Set)

Range of probability values

Probability of a complement of an event

Sample Space

P(S) = 1

Set of all possible outcomes for an experiment

P(Sample Set)

P(S) = 1

Range of probability values

experiment

outcomes

event

favorable outcomes

an investigation or a procedure that has varying results

the possible results of an experiment

a collection of one or more outcomes

outcomes of a specific event

experiment

an investigation or a procedure that has varying results

outcomes

the possible results of an experiment

Alpha

Alternate Hypothesis

Analysis of variance

Beta

committing a Type I error

Denoted by H(a), is the assertion that is contradictory to H(n…

refers broadly to a collection of experimental situations and…

a Type II error

Alpha

committing a Type I error

Alternate Hypothesis

Denoted by H(a), is the assertion that is contradictory to H(n…

Frequency distribution

Event

Population

Mean

Given 2, 3, 1, 2, 1, 3, 2, 3, 4, 5, 4, 2, 2, 3: 1 happens 2 ti…

is an outcome or a collection of outcomes... Examples:Rolling a d…

The whole group from which a sample is taken; an entire group…

The mean is the average of the numbers: a calculated "central"…

Frequency distribution

Given 2, 3, 1, 2, 1, 3, 2, 3, 4, 5, 4, 2, 2, 3: 1 happens 2 ti…

Event

is an outcome or a collection of outcomes... Examples:Rolling a d…

Factorial

Permutation

0!

Theoretical probability

n! = n x (n-1) x (n-2) x (n-3)...1... Ex: 5! = 5 x 4 x 3 x 2 x 1…

n! / (n-r)!... n = total ... r = limited total

1

What should occur or what we expect to happen in an experiment

Factorial

n! = n x (n-1) x (n-2) x (n-3)...1... Ex: 5! = 5 x 4 x 3 x 2 x 1…

Permutation

n! / (n-r)!... n = total ... r = limited total

Probability

Sample

Census

Inference

A number that describes how likely it is that a particular eve…

A part of a population

An official count of the population

A conclusion based on evidence

Probability

A number that describes how likely it is that a particular eve…

Sample

A part of a population

probability

equally likely

likely

unlikely

The likelihood that a particular event will occur

same probability of occurring

an event has a 75% chance or more of occurring

an event has a 25% chance or less of occurring

probability

The likelihood that a particular event will occur

equally likely

same probability of occurring

Practical Significance

Statistical Significance

Parameter

Statistic

State practical significance/implications of the results

When results achieved are very unlikely to occur by chance

Numerical measurement describing some characteristic of a popu…

Numerical measurement describing a sample

Practical Significance

State practical significance/implications of the results

Statistical Significance

When results achieved are very unlikely to occur by chance

randomness

Apophenia

Gambler´s fallacy

Law of large numbers

Random is not just a property of that phenomenom, but very muc…

We see all sorts of patterns in what is really ramdom data. We…

the false idea that a ramdom phenomenom can be predicted from…

randomness changes from something which is variable and unpred…

randomness

Random is not just a property of that phenomenom, but very muc…

Apophenia

We see all sorts of patterns in what is really ramdom data. We…

Median

Mode

Arithmetic Mean

Central Tendency

The 'median' is the 'middle' value in a list of odd numbered d…

The 'mode' of a set of data is the value in the set that occur…

The Arithmetic Mean is found by taking the sum of the data, an…

The center or middle of a distribution. There are many measure…

Median

The 'median' is the 'middle' value in a list of odd numbered d…

Mode

The 'mode' of a set of data is the value in the set that occur…

Random

Probability

sample space "S"

event "X"

individual outcomes are uncertain but there is nonetheless a r…

Any outcome oa a random phenomenon is the proportion of times…

random phenomenon is the set of all possible outcomes

an outcome or a set of outcomes of arandom phenonmenon. That i…

Random

individual outcomes are uncertain but there is nonetheless a r…

Probability

Any outcome oa a random phenomenon is the proportion of times…

Fundamental Counting Principle

Counting Rule

Permutation

Permutation Formula

Identify the # of outcomes of a given experiment and encompass…

If one experiment can be performed in M ways, and a second exp…

An arrangement of specific objects in which order is of partic…

nPr=n!/(n-r)! ... n is the number of objects in a given set.... r is…

Fundamental Counting Principle

Identify the # of outcomes of a given experiment and encompass…

Counting Rule

If one experiment can be performed in M ways, and a second exp…

outcome

event

sample space

probability

the possible result of a situation or experiment

a single outcome or a group of outcomes

the set of all possible outcomes

the numerical value from 0 to 1 that measures the likelihood o…

outcome

the possible result of a situation or experiment

event

a single outcome or a group of outcomes

frequency table

relative frequency table

pictograph

circle graphs

shows how frequently each unique value appears in the set

shows the proportions of each unique value compared to the ent…

graph, generally in the hoorizontal orientation, thta uses pic…

also known as pie charts, provide a visual depiction of the re…

frequency table

shows how frequently each unique value appears in the set

relative frequency table

shows the proportions of each unique value compared to the ent…

Practical Significance

Statistical Significance

Parameter

Statistic

State practical significance/implications of the results

When results achieved are very unlikely to occur by chance

Numerical measurement describing some characteristic of a popu…

Numerical measurement describing a sample

Practical Significance

State practical significance/implications of the results

Statistical Significance

When results achieved are very unlikely to occur by chance

mean (average)

first quartile

interquartile range

mean absolute deviation

sum of numbers in a set of data divided by the number of piece…

the median of the data values less than the median of the tota…

distance between the first and third quartiles of a data set

mean (average)

sum of numbers in a set of data divided by the number of piece…

first quartile

the median of the data values less than the median of the tota…

Box-and-Whisker Plot

Outlier

Quartile

Event

shows the distribution of data. The middle... half of the data is…

a number in a set of data that is much larger or much smaller…

1) Division of data into 4 equal parts

A collection of one or more outcomes of an experiment

Box-and-Whisker Plot

shows the distribution of data. The middle... half of the data is…

Outlier

a number in a set of data that is much larger or much smaller…

population

random sample

statistics

survey

the set that is used for sampling - where we get the informati…

there is an equal chance of each thing within the population o…

a branch of mathematics dealing with the collection, analysis,…

to gather information by individual samples so as to learn abo…

population

the set that is used for sampling - where we get the informati…

random sample

there is an equal chance of each thing within the population o…