#### Study sets matching "statistics vocabulary"

#### Study sets matching "statistics vocabulary"

Population

Sample

Sampling

Census

The entire group of individuals we want data or information a…

The subset of population we collect data from.

Studying a part to gain info about the whole (studying the sa…

Contacts every individual of the population.

Population

The entire group of individuals we want data or information a…

Sample

The subset of population we collect data from.

Data

Statistics

Population

Sample

consists of information coming from observations, counts, mea…

The science of collecting, organizing, analyzing, and interpr…

A type of data set that is the collection of all outcomes, re…

A type of data set that is a subset, or part, of a population.

Data

consists of information coming from observations, counts, mea…

Statistics

The science of collecting, organizing, analyzing, and interpr…

Statistics

Statistical question

Sample size

Data

Science of collecting, organizing, representing, and explaini…

A question that may have many answers

Number of people asked a statistical question

Information often in number form and usually organized

Statistics

Science of collecting, organizing, representing, and explaini…

Statistical question

A question that may have many answers

bell curve

statistic

variance

standard deviation

the shape of a normal or standard normal distribution

a data value that summarizes something about a population or…

standard deviation squared; measures the spread of the data

represented by sigma; measures the spread of the data

bell curve

the shape of a normal or standard normal distribution

statistic

a data value that summarizes something about a population or…

bar graph

categorical frequency distribution

class

class boundaries

represents the data by using vertical or horizontal bars whos…

a frequency distribution used when the data are categorical (…

quantitative or qualitative category

the upper and lower values of a class for a grouped frequency…

bar graph

represents the data by using vertical or horizontal bars whos…

categorical frequency distribution

a frequency distribution used when the data are categorical (…

Symmetric

Parameter

Statistic

Median

data on which both sides are fairly the same shape and size.…

value of a population (typically unknown)

a calculated value about a population from a sample(s).

the middle point of the data (50th percentile) when the data…

Symmetric

data on which both sides are fairly the same shape and size.…

Parameter

value of a population (typically unknown)

Data

Population

Categorical variable

Quantitative variable

Systematically recorded information, together with its context.

All the cases that we wish we knew about.

A variable that names categories.

A variable in which the numbers act as numerical values. Alwa…

Data

Systematically recorded information, together with its context.

Population

All the cases that we wish we knew about.

Qualitative

Quantitative

Distribution

Marginal Distribution

AKA: Categorical. A variable that places an individual into o…

A variable that takes numerical values for which it makes sen…

The distribution of a variable tells us what values the varia…

In a two-way table; is the distribution values of THAT variab…

Qualitative

AKA: Categorical. A variable that places an individual into o…

Quantitative

A variable that takes numerical values for which it makes sen…

Anecdotal Evidence

Experiment

Treatment

Random Assignment

- Ideas from situations that have little scientific value ... -…

- Study in which experimenter actively imposes treatment on s…

- Explanatory variable imposed on group

- Preferred method of assigning subjects to treatments ... - Eac…

Anecdotal Evidence

- Ideas from situations that have little scientific value ... -…

Experiment

- Study in which experimenter actively imposes treatment on s…

Statistics

Individuals

Variable

Quantitative variable

The study of the collection, analysis, interpolation, present…

People or objects included in a study.

What you are studying about individuals.

A numerical variable.

Statistics

The study of the collection, analysis, interpolation, present…

Individuals

People or objects included in a study.

Statistics

Population

Sample

Parameter

Science of collecting, organizing, analyzing, and interpretin…

Collection of all outcomes, responses measurements, or counts…

Subset, or part, of a population.

Numerical description of a population characteristic.

Statistics

Science of collecting, organizing, analyzing, and interpretin…

Population

Collection of all outcomes, responses measurements, or counts…

Quantitative Variable

Categorical Variable

discrete data vs continuous data

descriptive statistics vs inferential…

Variables that are numerical and represent measures of quanti…

Variables that take on values that are names or labels.

If a variable can take on any value between two specified val…

Descriptive statistics provide a concise summary of data whic…

Quantitative Variable

Variables that are numerical and represent measures of quanti…

Categorical Variable

Variables that take on values that are names or labels.

Statistics

mean

median

mode

The study of data: how to collect, summarize and present it.

mean is the average of the numbers.It is easy to calculate: a…

the middle piece of data, it is easy to find, put data in ord…

the most frequent data point

Statistics

The study of data: how to collect, summarize and present it.

mean

mean is the average of the numbers.It is easy to calculate: a…

Statistics

Population

Sample

Random Sample

The science of collecting, organizing, analyzing, and interpr…

A type of data set that is the collection of all outcomes, re…

A type of data set that is a subset, or part, of a population.

Statistics

The science of collecting, organizing, analyzing, and interpr…

Population

A type of data set that is the collection of all outcomes, re…

Mean

median

mode

range

adding numbers and then dividing the sum by the number of dig…

list orders from least to greatest; the number in the middle…

the number that appears most often in a set of data **there c…

The difference (-) between the greatest and least values in a…

Mean

adding numbers and then dividing the sum by the number of dig…

median

list orders from least to greatest; the number in the middle…

population

sample

statistics

mode

the entire group of objects or individuals considered for a s…

a part of a population. i.e. the girls in the 10th grade class

the math of data (information)

the number or numbers that occur most frequently in a set of…

population

the entire group of objects or individuals considered for a s…

sample

a part of a population. i.e. the girls in the 10th grade class

maximum

mean

measures of center

measures of spread

the greatest value for a data set

the average of a set of data; the sum of the data divided by…

measures that represent the center of the distribution of val…

measures that represent the extent to which the values of a d…

maximum

the greatest value for a data set

mean

the average of a set of data; the sum of the data divided by…

probability

simple event

outcome

theoretical probability

chance that some event will occur or happen

one outcome or a collection of outcomes

possible result in a probability experiment --> the way somet…

what should happen when conducting a probability experiment

probability

chance that some event will occur or happen

simple event

one outcome or a collection of outcomes

Statistical Question

Measure of Center

Mean

Median

A question that has variable answers.

A single number used to describe a set of data.

"Average;" the sum of all the data values, divided by the num…

"Middle;" the middle value of an ordered data set.

Statistical Question

A question that has variable answers.

Measure of Center

A single number used to describe a set of data.

Mean

Outlier

Measure of Central Tendency

Median

the sum of the data divided by the number of data values

the data value that is much greater than or less than the oth…

is a measure that represents the CENTER of a data set. (mean…

put the data in order from least to greatest. For an odd numb…

Mean

the sum of the data divided by the number of data values

Outlier

the data value that is much greater than or less than the oth…

Descriptive Statistics

Inferential Statistics

population

sample

The process of organizing and summarizing data. Usually done…

procedures used to draw conclusions about populations based o…

A group of people, things, or objects that are being studied

A subset of a population

Descriptive Statistics

The process of organizing and summarizing data. Usually done…

Inferential Statistics

procedures used to draw conclusions about populations based o…

scatter plot

clustering

outliers

positive association (correlation)

A graph with points plotted to show a possible relationship b…

Data values occurring close together

Numbers that are much greater or much less than the other num…

An association in which high levels of one variable go with h…

scatter plot

A graph with points plotted to show a possible relationship b…

clustering

Data values occurring close together

Population

Sample

Sample Survey

Convenience Sample

The ... in a statistical study is the entire group of individ…

A subset of individuals in the population from which we actua…

A study that uses an organized plan to choose a sample that r…

Choosing individuals from the population who are easy to reac…

Population

The ... in a statistical study is the entire group of individ…

Sample

A subset of individuals in the population from which we actua…

descriptive statistics

categorical data

numerical data

discrete numerical data

The branch of statistics that includes numerical, graphical,…

Data that records qualities or characteristics of an individu…

data that can be counted or measured (Also called quantitativ…

Possible values are isolated points along the number line

descriptive statistics

The branch of statistics that includes numerical, graphical,…

categorical data

Data that records qualities or characteristics of an individu…

Statistical Question

Measure of Center

Mean

Median

A question that has variable answers.

A single number used to describe a set of data.

"Average;" the sum of all the data values, divided by the num…

"Middle;" the middle value of an ordered data set.

Statistical Question

A question that has variable answers.

Measure of Center

A single number used to describe a set of data.

Box-and-whisker plot

Frequency

Histogram

Interquartile range (IQR)

A diagram that summarizes data using median , upper quartile…

The number of times an item, or event , occurs in a set of da…

A way of displaying data using vertical or horizontal bars th…

The difference between the upper quartile and the lower quart…

Box-and-whisker plot

A diagram that summarizes data using median , upper quartile…

Frequency

The number of times an item, or event , occurs in a set of da…

Association

Bivariate

Correlation

Frequency

A description of how data sets are related.

A set of data that is made of two variables.

A description of the relationship between two data sets.

The number of times a value or response appears in a data set.

Association

A description of how data sets are related.

Bivariate

A set of data that is made of two variables.

Observational study

Retrospective study study

Prospective study

Experiment

Observe outcomes without imposing any treatment

Identify subjects and then study data collected on their subj…

Researchers identified subjects in advance and collect

Active impose some treatment in order to observe the response

Observational study

Observe outcomes without imposing any treatment

Retrospective study study

Identify subjects and then study data collected on their subj…

Data

Statistics

Population

Sample

consists of information coming from observations, counts, mea…

The science of collecting, organizing, analyzing, and interpr…

A type of data set that is the collection of all outcomes, re…

A type of data set that is a subset, or part, of a population.

Data

consists of information coming from observations, counts, mea…

Statistics

The science of collecting, organizing, analyzing, and interpr…

individuals

variable

categorical variable

quantitative variable

the objects described by a set of data. may include people, a…

any characteristic of an individual. can take different value…

places an individual into one of several groups or categories

takes numerical values for which it make sense to find an ave…

individuals

the objects described by a set of data. may include people, a…

variable

any characteristic of an individual. can take different value…

Descriptive Statistics

Inferential Statistics

population

sample

The process of organizing and summarizing data. Usually done…

procedures used to draw conclusions about populations based o…

A group of people, things, or objects that are being studied

A subset of a population

Descriptive Statistics

The process of organizing and summarizing data. Usually done…

Inferential Statistics

procedures used to draw conclusions about populations based o…

Box and Whisker Plot... (Box Plot)

Dot Plot

Histogram

Interquartile Range (IQR)

A graphic way of showing a summary of data using the median,…

A graphical display of data using dots.

A pictorial way of representing data.

A measure of variability, based on dividing a data set into q…

Box and Whisker Plot... (Box Plot)

A graphic way of showing a summary of data using the median,…

Dot Plot

A graphical display of data using dots.

Statistics

Data

Population

Individual

The science of collecting, organizing, summarizing, and analy…

Facts or propositions used to draw conclusions or make decisi…

The entire group of individuals to be studied

A person or object that is a member of the population being s…

Statistics

The science of collecting, organizing, summarizing, and analy…

Data

Facts or propositions used to draw conclusions or make decisi…

Data

Statistics

Population

Sample

consists of information coming from observations, counts, mea…

The science of collecting, organizing, analyzing, and interpr…

A type of data set that is the collection of all outcomes, re…

A type of data set that is a subset, or part, of a population.

Data

consists of information coming from observations, counts, mea…

Statistics

The science of collecting, organizing, analyzing, and interpr…

Compliment

Probability

Event

Mutually Exclusive/Disjoint

The opposite of an event

A number between 0-1 (inclusive) that describes the likelihoo…

A subset of the possible outcomes in a chance process (combin…

Two events that have no outcomes in common

Compliment

The opposite of an event

Probability

A number between 0-1 (inclusive) that describes the likelihoo…

Statistics

Data

population

individual

is the science of collecting, organizing, summarizing, and an…

are a "fact or proposition used to draw a conclusion or make…

The entire group of individuals to be studied

a person or object that is a member of the population being s…

Statistics

is the science of collecting, organizing, summarizing, and an…

Data

are a "fact or proposition used to draw a conclusion or make…

Categorical value

Quantitative variable

Distribution

individuals

places an individual into one of several group or categories…

takes numerical values for which it make sense to find an ave…

ell us what values of the variable takes and how often it tak…

objects described by a set of data (people)

Categorical value

places an individual into one of several group or categories…

Quantitative variable

takes numerical values for which it make sense to find an ave…

Statistic

Parameter

Individual

Variable

The study of how to collect, organize, analyze, and interpret…

numerical measure that describes an aspect of a population.

People or objects included in a study.

Characteristic of the individual to be measured or observed.

Statistic

The study of how to collect, organize, analyze, and interpret…

Parameter

numerical measure that describes an aspect of a population.

self-selected sample

random sample

systematic sample

stratified random sampling

members of the population select themselves by volunteering.

every member of the population has an equal chance of being s…

a rule is used to select members of the population.

the population is divided into distinct groups. Members are s…

self-selected sample

members of the population select themselves by volunteering.

random sample

every member of the population has an equal chance of being s…

data

mean

median

mode

the pieces of information, facts and statistics collected tog…

A measure of center in a set of numerical data, computed by a…

The middle number of a set of numbers (must be put in order)

The value that occurs most frequently in a given data set.

data

the pieces of information, facts and statistics collected tog…

mean

A measure of center in a set of numerical data, computed by a…

Biased

Double-Blind

Block Design

Systematic sample

A designed study that systemattically favors one outcome.

Neither the subject or the people that have contact with them…

The random assignment of units to treatments is carried out s…

size n consists of a n individuals from the population chosen…

Biased

A designed study that systemattically favors one outcome.

Double-Blind

Neither the subject or the people that have contact with them…

Quanitative

Statistic

Ordinal

Sample

Data that consists of numerical measurements or counts

A numerical description of a sample characteristic

The level of measurement that can be arranged or ranked

A subset or part of a population

Quanitative

Data that consists of numerical measurements or counts

Statistic

A numerical description of a sample characteristic

Descriptive Statistics

Inferential Statistics

population

sample

The process of organizing and summarizing data. Usually done…

procedures used to draw conclusions about populations based o…

A group of people, things, or objects that are being studied

A subset of a population

Descriptive Statistics

The process of organizing and summarizing data. Usually done…

Inferential Statistics

procedures used to draw conclusions about populations based o…

Data

Population

Individual

Variable

Collection of facts, such as numbers, words, measurements, ob…

A set of individuals that we wish to describe and/or make pre…

Member of a population

Characteristics recorded about each individual in a data set

Data

Collection of facts, such as numbers, words, measurements, ob…

Population

A set of individuals that we wish to describe and/or make pre…

Population

Sampling Frame

Sample

Sample Survey

The entire group of people that we want information about.

A list of all members of the population.

A part of the population that has been selected for study.

The study of a part, to gain information on about the whole.

Population

The entire group of people that we want information about.

Sampling Frame

A list of all members of the population.