Study sets matching "stimulants depressants"

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Study sets matching "stimulants depressants"

Stimulants and Depressants
Stimulant
Depressant
Alter
Bootleg
A substance that raises levels of physiological or nervous ac…
A drug that reduces functional or nervous activity in the body.
Change or cause to change in character or composition, typica…
Liquor, computer software, or recordings, made, distributed,…
Stimulant
A substance that raises levels of physiological or nervous ac…
Depressant
A drug that reduces functional or nervous activity in the body.
Stimulants and Depressants
Depressant
Drugs from Depressants
How Depressants Enter the Body
Effects of Depressants
A drug that decreases our body systems
Alcohol, Tranquilizers, Sedatives, Rohypnol, and Hypnotics
Swallowed and injected
Relaxes Muscles ... Calmness... Slurred Speech... Impaired Coordinatio…
Depressant
A drug that decreases our body systems
Drugs from Depressants
Alcohol, Tranquilizers, Sedatives, Rohypnol, and Hypnotics
7 terms
Stimulants and Depressants
Cocaine (coke, blow)
Crack Cocaine
Methamphetamine (crystal, speed, crank)
MDMA (ecstasy)
Appearance: white powdery substance... How it's used: snorting,…
Appearance: partially transparent white blocks... How it's used:…
Appearance: bitter-tasting transparent crystals... How it's used…
Appearance: candy-like, comes with symbol pressed in... How it's…
Cocaine (coke, blow)
Appearance: white powdery substance... How it's used: snorting,…
Crack Cocaine
Appearance: partially transparent white blocks... How it's used:…
13 terms
Stimulants and Depressants
stimulants
amphetamine
cocaine
nicotine
either cause the sympathetic and or the CNS to increase level…
drug made in labs, not nature; symp div goes to overdrive; de…
natural drug found in cocoa plant leaves; produces euphoria,…
mild but toxic substance; highly addictive; produces us in bl…
stimulants
either cause the sympathetic and or the CNS to increase level…
amphetamine
drug made in labs, not nature; symp div goes to overdrive; de…
40 terms
Depressants and Stimulants
how do depressants work
CNS
social effects of alcohol
physiological effects of alcohol
Depressants act on central nervous system. They alter the con…
central nervous system- the brain and spinal cord
- people become more talkative, confident and relaxed... - loss…
- loss of memory, judgement, concentration and balance... - dehy…
how do depressants work
Depressants act on central nervous system. They alter the con…
CNS
central nervous system- the brain and spinal cord
156 terms
Stimulants and Depressants
Origin of betel
What part of betel is used
evidence of human use of betel
What is typically added to betel quid?
Indonesia
seed = nut
archaeological --> spirit cave in thailand
1. mineral lime to decrease acidity ... 2. Gambir / spices (Indi…
Origin of betel
Indonesia
What part of betel is used
seed = nut
48 terms
Depressants and Stimulants
Sedatives
Hypnotics
Sedatives and hypnotics are DOSE DEPEN…
CNS Depressants
inhibitory effect on the CNS = decrease nervousness, excitabi…
cause sleep, more potent than sedatives
large doses of sedatives produce hypnotic effect, low doses p…
benzodiazepines, barbiturates, and miscellaneous drugs
Sedatives
inhibitory effect on the CNS = decrease nervousness, excitabi…
Hypnotics
cause sleep, more potent than sedatives
Stimulants and Depressants
Stimulant
Stimulants improve
stimulant examples
Depressant
Speeds up your brain and nervous system
mental performance and alertness
coffee and tobacco
slows down your brain and nervous system
Stimulant
Speeds up your brain and nervous system
Stimulants improve
mental performance and alertness
Stimulants and Depressants
Stimulant
Caffeine, Nicotine
Cocaine, Meth
Cocaine or Crack Cocaine
Any drug that speeds up the body is a ______________ .
List two examples of legal stimulants.
List two examples of illegal stimulants.
What is the most widely used illegal stimulant?
Stimulant
Any drug that speeds up the body is a ______________ .
Caffeine, Nicotine
List two examples of legal stimulants.
12 terms
stimulants and depressants
Tranquilizers, barbiturates and hypnot…
Which of the following is NOT a stimul…
Which of the following is not what a s…
Marijuana was made illegal in the Unit…
depressants.
barbiturates
Which of the following is not what a stimulant does?
1937
Tranquilizers, barbiturates and hypnot…
depressants.
Which of the following is NOT a stimul…
barbiturates
Depressants and Stimulants
depressant
alcohol
inhalants
barbituates
class of drug that depresses or inhibits CNS activity
produces mild euphoria, talkativeness, feelings of good humor…
chemical substances inhaled to produce an alteration in consc…
powerful depressant drugs that reduce anxiety and produce sle…
depressant
class of drug that depresses or inhibits CNS activity
alcohol
produces mild euphoria, talkativeness, feelings of good humor…
33 terms
Pharmacology: CNS Stimulants & Depressants
What are the main inhibitory NTs?
What is the main excitatory NT?
Ionotropic GABA receptor?
Ionotropic glutamate receptors?
GABA... Glycine
Glutamate
GABAa
KA, AMPA, NMDA
What are the main inhibitory NTs?
GABA... Glycine
What is the main excitatory NT?
Glutamate
10 terms
Stimulant and depressant
Stimulant Drugs
Stimulant Definition
How Stimulants Enter The Body
Effects Of Stimulants
Cocaine, Caffeine, Meth, Nicotine, Crack, Ecstasy, Amphetamin…
A drug that increases body system
Injected, Swallowed, Snorted, Patch/Gum, Smoked, Absorbed thr…
Increases Heart Rate, Increases Blood Pressure, Tremors, Swea…
Stimulant Drugs
Cocaine, Caffeine, Meth, Nicotine, Crack, Ecstasy, Amphetamin…
Stimulant Definition
A drug that increases body system
6 terms
Stimulant of depressant?
Depressant
Depressant
Stimulant
Stimulant
Is marijuana a stimulat or depressant?
Is hashish a stimulant or depressant?
Are inhalants stimulants or depressants?
Is ecstasy (this is a club drug) a stimulant or a depressant?
Depressant
Is marijuana a stimulat or depressant?
Depressant
Is hashish a stimulant or depressant?
CNS Depressants and Stimulants
This class of drugs includes include s…
This class of drug has an Inhibitory e…
This class of drug causes sleep (and i…
They ARE DOSE DEPENDENT ... eg. high dose…
CNS depressants
Sedatives
Hypnotic Drugs
Sedative and hypnotic drugs
This class of drugs includes include s…
CNS depressants
This class of drug has an Inhibitory e…
Sedatives
Drugs (stimulants and depressants)
depressant
stimulant
how do stimulant drugs enter your body?
how do depressant drugs enter your body?
a drug that slows down the body system
a drug that makes you more active and gives you more energy
injections, swallowed, snorting/sniffing, inhalation
swallowed and injection
depressant
a drug that slows down the body system
stimulant
a drug that makes you more active and gives you more energy
Withdrawal of CNS depressants & stimulants
Cocaine symptoms withdrawal - time
Cocaine symptoms withdrawal
Amphetamines symptoms withdrawal - time
Amphetamines symptoms withdrawal
...
may last for months, even years... symptoms include anhedonia, a…
...
...
Cocaine symptoms withdrawal - time
...
Cocaine symptoms withdrawal
may last for months, even years... symptoms include anhedonia, a…
19 terms
CH 14 DEPRESSANTS, STIMULANTS
What are benzodiazepines and barbitura…
How do benzodiazepines and barbiturate…
What are the common names of benzodiaz…
What are the common names of barbitura…
There used as sedatives for the treatment of anxiety and inso…
they depress the central nervous system.
Xanax, Valium, Halcion, Librium, Restoril, and Klonopin
phenobarbital, secobarbital
What are benzodiazepines and barbitura…
There used as sedatives for the treatment of anxiety and inso…
How do benzodiazepines and barbiturate…
they depress the central nervous system.
Stimulants/Depressants/Hallcinogens
Alcohol
Heroin
Caffeine
Meth
Depressant
Depressant
Stimulant
Stimulant
Alcohol
Depressant
Heroin
Depressant
13 terms
stimulants, depressants, hallucinogens, narcotics
stimulant
stimulant
stimulant
stimulant
tobacco(chew,dip)
methamphetines(speed,crank,meth)
cocaine(blow,nose candy)
crack(smoke/powder-snort,liquid inject)
stimulant
tobacco(chew,dip)
stimulant
methamphetines(speed,crank,meth)
CNS stimulants & depressants
muscle weakness attacks while awake
paralysis just before sleep, upon awak…
dysregulation of Serotonin, norepineph…
Recurrent attacks of drowsiness and sl…
cataplexy
sleep paralysis
ADHD
narcolepsy
muscle weakness attacks while awake
cataplexy
paralysis just before sleep, upon awak…
sleep paralysis
Stimulants, Hallucinogens, and Depressants
Stimulant
Depressant
Hallucinogen
Stimulant
Increases the activity of the Central Nervous System
Decreases the activity of the Central Nervous System
Substance capable of creating auditory or visual distortions…
Caffeine
Stimulant
Increases the activity of the Central Nervous System
Depressant
Decreases the activity of the Central Nervous System
12 terms
CNS Stimulants & Depressants
ADHD
Narcolepsy
methylphenidate (ritalin)
Anorexiants
Methylphenidate (Ritalin)... & Dexmethylphenidate (Focalin)... -in…
Methylphenidate (Ritalin)... & Modafinil (Provigil)... -inc amt of…
-changes in dopamine transport... -for ADHD, fatigue, and narcol…
Benzphetamine HCl... Diethylpropion HCl... Phentermine HCl... Phenterm…
ADHD
Methylphenidate (Ritalin)... & Dexmethylphenidate (Focalin)... -in…
Narcolepsy
Methylphenidate (Ritalin)... & Modafinil (Provigil)... -inc amt of…
11 terms
CNS Depressants and Stimulants
Diazepam (Valium)
Alprazolam (Xanax)
Lorazepam (Ativan)
Midazolam
Benzodiazepine... Long-acting sedative-hypnotic that acts by fa…
Benzodiazepine... Mechanism of action is unknown. Presumed to b…
Benzodiazepine... Seems to have a tranquilizing action on the C…
Benzodiazepine... Used as a short acting CNS depressant... ... Indic…
Diazepam (Valium)
Benzodiazepine... Long-acting sedative-hypnotic that acts by fa…
Alprazolam (Xanax)
Benzodiazepine... Mechanism of action is unknown. Presumed to b…
29 terms
CNS Depressants and Stimulants
historical roots of CNS depressants
benzodiazepines are much safer than
major therapeutic indications of CNS d…
Common mechanisms of action for CNS de…
alcohol... bromide salts... barbiturates... non-barbiturate and non-be…
barbiturates, non-barbiturates and non benzodiazepines
anti-anxiety... sedation (agitated patient for example)... hypnosis…
all major subgroups of CNS depressants increase the effective…
historical roots of CNS depressants
alcohol... bromide salts... barbiturates... non-barbiturate and non-be…
benzodiazepines are much safer than
barbiturates, non-barbiturates and non benzodiazepines
17 terms
Stimulants, Depressants and Marijuana
A stimulant increases the heart rate a…
Marijuana could be considered:
Marijuana was made illegal in the Unit…
Cocaine comes from the:
slows down heart rate and breathing and causes blood pressure…
a depressant and mild hallucinogenic.
1937.
coca plant.
A stimulant increases the heart rate a…
slows down heart rate and breathing and causes blood pressure…
Marijuana could be considered:
a depressant and mild hallucinogenic.
16 terms
Other Depressants and Stimulants
Depressants
Controlled substances
Barbiturates
Benzodiazepines
These are often prescribed to treat anxiety and sleep disorde…
Depressants are _____________; Meaning that they have the pot…
- High risk for overdose ... - less commonly prescribed ... - Most…
- Prescribed to treat: Anxiety, panic attacks, some short-ter…
Depressants
These are often prescribed to treat anxiety and sleep disorde…
Controlled substances
Depressants are _____________; Meaning that they have the pot…
CNS Stimulants & Depressants
stimulant uses
types of stimulants
Cause of ADHD
Is ADHD more common in boys or girls?
ADHD, narcolepsy, reversal of respiratory distress
amphetamines, amphetamine "like drugs"
Might be caused by dysregulation of transmitters serotonin, n…
boys
stimulant uses
ADHD, narcolepsy, reversal of respiratory distress
types of stimulants
amphetamines, amphetamine "like drugs"
12 terms
Depressants - Stimulants & Depressants (Week 5)
Depressant Drugs (slow CNS activity)
Mechanism of Action - Barbs & Benzos
Tolerance and Dependence
Barbiturates
Include sedatives, hypnotics, and anesthetics... -Benzodiazepine…
Enhance effect of GABA on neurons... Hypnotic drugs are those wh…
Long term use causes tolerance and may cause dependence... Sympt…
Depress respiration... added effects w/ alcohol... - severe withdra…
Depressant Drugs (slow CNS activity)
Include sedatives, hypnotics, and anesthetics... -Benzodiazepine…
Mechanism of Action - Barbs & Benzos
Enhance effect of GABA on neurons... Hypnotic drugs are those wh…
Narcotics, stimulants, and depressants
Narcotics
Addiction
Stimulants
Amphetamine
Are specific drugs that are obtainable only by prescription o…
Is a physical or psychological need for a drug
Are substances that speed up the body's functions
Is a drug that stimulates the central nervous system
Narcotics
Are specific drugs that are obtainable only by prescription o…
Addiction
Is a physical or psychological need for a drug
32 terms
Stimulants (Anti-Depressants)
Stimulants
Stimulant actions
amphetamines brands
Class 1
sympathomimetics... Cocaine, amphetamines, ephedra, nicotine, ca…
directly releases/inceases epi, NE, Dopa
Ridalin, Adderall
SSRI (Selective Seratonin (5-HT) Re-uptake Inhibitors)
Stimulants
sympathomimetics... Cocaine, amphetamines, ephedra, nicotine, ca…
Stimulant actions
directly releases/inceases epi, NE, Dopa
CNS depressants/stimulants
sedatives
hypnotics
flumazenil
benzodiazeine interactions
inhibit CNS, decrease nervousness, excitability and irritabil…
cause sleep, more potent than sedatives
antidote for benzodiazepine toxicity
azole-antifungals, verapamil, diltiazem, protease inhibitors,…
sedatives
inhibit CNS, decrease nervousness, excitability and irritabil…
hypnotics
cause sleep, more potent than sedatives
61 terms
CNS Depressants and Stimulants
sedatives
hypnotics
sedative-hypnotics
barbiturates, benzodiazepines, and mis…
drugs that have an inhibitory effect on the CNS to the degree…
drugs that cause sleep and have a much more potent effect o…
drugs that can act as either a sedative or a hypnotic, depend…
the 3 groups of sedative-hypnotics
sedatives
drugs that have an inhibitory effect on the CNS to the degree…
hypnotics
drugs that cause sleep and have a much more potent effect o…
14 terms
CNS depressants and Stimulants
diazepam
alprazolam
lorazepram
midazolam
-benzodiazepine... - mechanism: long acting sedative hypnotic th…
-benzodiazepine... -mechanism: unknown, presumed to bind at ster…
-benzodiazepine... -mechanism: seems to have a tranquilizing act…
-benzodiazepine... -mechanism: used as a short acting CNS depres…
diazepam
-benzodiazepine... - mechanism: long acting sedative hypnotic th…
alprazolam
-benzodiazepine... -mechanism: unknown, presumed to bind at ster…
8 terms
CNS Depressants & Stimulants (3)
Zyban
Chantix
Ativan
Morphine Sulphate
drug prescribed to aid in smoking cessation; sustained release
drug prescribed to aid in smoking cessation; stimulates nicot…
alcohol withdrawal treatment; started with patient gets agita…
opioid analgesics; relieves severe pain and induces anesthesia
Zyban
drug prescribed to aid in smoking cessation; sustained release
Chantix
drug prescribed to aid in smoking cessation; stimulates nicot…
Stimulants, depressants, Marijuana
Cocaine comes from
The effects of meth can last up to
The legal stimulant anyone over the ag…
One of the dangers of using marijuana…
coco plant
12 hours
nicotine
a gateway drug
Cocaine comes from
coco plant
The effects of meth can last up to
12 hours
CNS depressants and stimulants
sedatives v. hypnotics
benzodiazepines, barbiturates, and mis…
benzodiazepines (DALM)
benzodiazepines action
sedatives: inhibitory effect on the cns, lower nervousness, e…
CNS depressants
sedative-hypnotic or anxiolytic... long acting: diazepam (valium…
depress cns activity: hypothalamic, thalamic, and limbic syst…
sedatives v. hypnotics
sedatives: inhibitory effect on the cns, lower nervousness, e…
benzodiazepines, barbiturates, and mis…
CNS depressants
33 terms
CNS Depressants and Stimulants
Sedatives
Hypnotics
Benzodiazapines
Benzos MoA
CNS depressant-Inhibitory effect on the CNS: decreased nervou…
CNS depressant- Cause sleep, more potent than sedatives. Ex.…
Sedative-hypnotic or anxiolytic
Depress CNS activity = hypothalamic, thalamic, and limbic sys…
Sedatives
CNS depressant-Inhibitory effect on the CNS: decreased nervou…
Hypnotics
CNS depressant- Cause sleep, more potent than sedatives. Ex.…
CNS STIMULANTS AND DEPRESSANTS
analeptics
cataplexy
ergot alkaloids
serotonin receptor agonist
cns stimulants that have generalized effects on brainstem and…
condition characterized by abrupt attacks of muscle weakness…
narrow/constrict blood vessels in the brain and provide relie…
used to treat migraine headaches by stimulating 5-hydroxytryp…
analeptics
cns stimulants that have generalized effects on brainstem and…
cataplexy
condition characterized by abrupt attacks of muscle weakness…
19 terms
Psych 162: Stimulants & Depressants
Drugs in the Amphetamine class
Anxiolytic Benzodiazepines include:
Hypnotic Benzodiazepines include:
Barbiturates include:
dextroamphetamine (Dexedrine), methylphenidate (Ritalin), & m…
alprazolam (Xanax), chlordiazepoxide (Librium), diazepam (Val…
flurazepam (Dalmate), trizolam (Halcion), temazepam (Restoril)
phenobarbital sodium (Nembutal), secobarbital (seconal), & ph…
Drugs in the Amphetamine class
dextroamphetamine (Dexedrine), methylphenidate (Ritalin), & m…
Anxiolytic Benzodiazepines include:
alprazolam (Xanax), chlordiazepoxide (Librium), diazepam (Val…
CNS Stimulants and Depressants
Diazepam (Valium)
Alprazolam (Xanax)
Lorazepam
Midazolam
Class of Drug-Benzodiazepine... Mechanism of Action- long actin…
Class of Drug-Benzodiazepine ... Mechanism of Action-Unknown. P…
Class of Drug-benzodiazipine ... Mechanism of Action-seems to h…
Class of Drug-benzodiazapine ... Mechanism of Action-used as a…
Diazepam (Valium)
Class of Drug-Benzodiazepine... Mechanism of Action- long actin…
Alprazolam (Xanax)
Class of Drug-Benzodiazepine ... Mechanism of Action-Unknown. P…
39 terms
Depressants, Stimulants, Narcotics
Depressant
Depressant
Depressant
Depressant Intox
Benzo
Meprobamate
Barbiturates
Slurred speech, incoordination, drowiness
Depressant
Benzo
Depressant
Meprobamate
Narcotics, Stimulants and Depressants
Narcotics
Euphoria
Withdrawal
Stimulants
specific drugs that are obtainable only by prescription and a…
feeling of well-being, these drugs affect pleasure to the cen…
symptoms that occur after the chronic use of a drug is reduce…
drugs that speed up activity in the human brain and spinal cord
Narcotics
specific drugs that are obtainable only by prescription and a…
Euphoria
feeling of well-being, these drugs affect pleasure to the cen…
CNS stimulants and depressants
barbiturates
benzodiazepines
gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)
REM interference
class of drugs that are chemical derivatives of barbituric ac…
-anxiolytics usually and sometimes sedative-hypnotic... - favora…
primary inhibitory neurotransmitter in brain; key compound af…
drug induced reaction of REM sleep time; can result in daytim…
barbiturates
class of drugs that are chemical derivatives of barbituric ac…
benzodiazepines
-anxiolytics usually and sometimes sedative-hypnotic... - favora…
25 terms
Drugs - Narcotics, Stimulants, and Depressants
narcotics
euphoria
opium
withdrawal symptoms
drugs obtained through prescription & used for pain
feeling of well-being or elation
liquid from poppy plant - substance numbs the body
occur after chronic use of a drug is reduced or stopped
narcotics
drugs obtained through prescription & used for pain
euphoria
feeling of well-being or elation
13 terms
CNS Depressants and Stimulants
CNS Depressants drug correlation
Sedatives
Hypnotics
sedative-hypnotic
Sedatives, Hypnotics, muscle relaxants
Inhibitory effect on the CNS, which means it decreases nervou…
causes sleep; more potent that sedatives
drugs that can act in the body either as sedatives or as hypn…
CNS Depressants drug correlation
Sedatives, Hypnotics, muscle relaxants
Sedatives
Inhibitory effect on the CNS, which means it decreases nervou…
12 terms
CNS stimulants and depressants
Methlyphenidate (Ritalin),... Amphetamine…
Phenteramine
Serotonin Agonists (SSRAs -... Selective…
Caffeine
Drugs of choice for the... treatment of ADD and ADHD. ... * Advers…
appetite suppresant... * Adverse effects include: anxiety, hype…
Indicated for the treatment of... migraine headaches and cluster…
Mild CNS stimulant found in... many OTC drugs and... combination pr…
Methlyphenidate (Ritalin),... Amphetamine…
Drugs of choice for the... treatment of ADD and ADHD. ... * Advers…
Phenteramine
appetite suppresant... * Adverse effects include: anxiety, hype…
41 terms
CNS depressants and stimulants
difference between sedatives and hypno…
MOA of benzodiazepines
What is conscious sedation how do you…
adverse effects to benzidiazepines
sedative has inhibitory effect on CNS -- decreases nervousnes…
depresses CNS activity in hypothalamic, thalamic and limbic s…
combination of an IV benzodiazepine and an opiate analgesic -…
mild and infrequent...headache, drowsiness, dizziness, cognit…
difference between sedatives and hypno…
sedative has inhibitory effect on CNS -- decreases nervousnes…
MOA of benzodiazepines
depresses CNS activity in hypothalamic, thalamic and limbic s…
75 terms
CNS Depressants and Stimulants
sedatives
hypnotics
CNS depressant classes
effects of benzodiazepines
inhibitory effect on the CNS= decreased nervousness, excitabi…
cause sleep, more potent than sedatives... dose dependent
benzodiazepines, barbiturates
sedative-hypnotic, anxiolytic, calming effect on the CNS, con…
sedatives
inhibitory effect on the CNS= decreased nervousness, excitabi…
hypnotics
cause sleep, more potent than sedatives... dose dependent
52 terms
CNS Stimulants/depressants/anticonvulsants
CNS stimulants are used for
caffeine/theophylline
common side effects of CNS stimulants…
ADHD
ADHD, narcolepsy; anorexiants; analeptics (stimulate breathin…
used with newborns who have apnea (immature CNS breathing)
anorexia, N/V, insomnia; agitation, diuresis (increase urine…
frequent inability to focus; hampers learning; can be treated…
CNS stimulants are used for
ADHD, narcolepsy; anorexiants; analeptics (stimulate breathin…
caffeine/theophylline
used with newborns who have apnea (immature CNS breathing)
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