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Study sets matching "stimulants depressants"

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Study sets matching "stimulants depressants"

Stimulants and Depressants
Stimulant
Depressant
Alter
Bootleg
A substance that raises levels of physiological or nervous ac…
A drug that reduces functional or nervous activity in the body.
Change or cause to change in character or composition, typica…
Liquor, computer software, or recordings, made, distributed,…
Stimulant
A substance that raises levels of physiological or nervous ac…
Depressant
A drug that reduces functional or nervous activity in the body.
Stimulants and Depressants
Depressant
Drugs from Depressants
How Depressants Enter the Body
Effects of Depressants
A drug that decreases our body systems
Alcohol, Tranquilizers, Sedatives, Rohypnol, and Hypnotics
Swallowed and injected
Relaxes Muscles ... Calmness... Slurred Speech... Impaired Coordinatio…
Depressant
A drug that decreases our body systems
Drugs from Depressants
Alcohol, Tranquilizers, Sedatives, Rohypnol, and Hypnotics
Depressants and Stimulants
depressant
alcohol
inhalants
barbituates
class of drug that depresses or inhibits CNS activity
produces mild euphoria, talkativeness, feelings of good humor…
chemical substances inhaled to produce an alteration in consc…
powerful depressant drugs that reduce anxiety and produce sle…
depressant
class of drug that depresses or inhibits CNS activity
alcohol
produces mild euphoria, talkativeness, feelings of good humor…
48 terms
Depressants and Stimulants
Sedatives
Hypnotics
Sedatives and hypnotics are DOSE DEPEN…
CNS Depressants
inhibitory effect on the CNS = decrease nervousness, excitabi…
cause sleep, more potent than sedatives
large doses of sedatives produce hypnotic effect, low doses p…
benzodiazepines, barbiturates, and miscellaneous drugs
Sedatives
inhibitory effect on the CNS = decrease nervousness, excitabi…
Hypnotics
cause sleep, more potent than sedatives
13 terms
Stimulants and Depressants
stimulants
amphetamine
cocaine
nicotine
either cause the sympathetic and or the CNS to increase level…
drug made in labs, not nature; symp div goes to overdrive; de…
natural drug found in cocoa plant leaves; produces euphoria,…
mild but toxic substance; highly addictive; produces us in bl…
stimulants
either cause the sympathetic and or the CNS to increase level…
amphetamine
drug made in labs, not nature; symp div goes to overdrive; de…
40 terms
Depressants and Stimulants
how do depressants work
CNS
social effects of alcohol
physiological effects of alcohol
Depressants act on central nervous system. They alter the con…
central nervous system- the brain and spinal cord
- people become more talkative, confident and relaxed... - loss…
- loss of memory, judgement, concentration and balance... - dehy…
how do depressants work
Depressants act on central nervous system. They alter the con…
CNS
central nervous system- the brain and spinal cord
156 terms
Stimulants and Depressants
Origin of betel
What part of betel is used
evidence of human use of betel
What is typically added to betel quid?
Indonesia
seed = nut
archaeological --> spirit cave in thailand
1. mineral lime to decrease acidity ... 2. Gambir / spices (Indi…
Origin of betel
Indonesia
What part of betel is used
seed = nut
Stimulants and Depressants
Stimulant
Stimulants improve
stimulant examples
Depressant
Speeds up your brain and nervous system
mental performance and alertness
coffee and tobacco
slows down your brain and nervous system
Stimulant
Speeds up your brain and nervous system
Stimulants improve
mental performance and alertness
Stimulants and Depressants
Stimulant
Caffeine, Nicotine
Cocaine, Meth
Cocaine or Crack Cocaine
Any drug that speeds up the body is a ______________ .
List two examples of legal stimulants.
List two examples of illegal stimulants.
What is the most widely used illegal stimulant?
Stimulant
Any drug that speeds up the body is a ______________ .
Caffeine, Nicotine
List two examples of legal stimulants.
12 terms
stimulants and depressants
Tranquilizers, barbiturates and hypnot…
Which of the following is NOT a stimul…
Which of the following is not what a s…
Marijuana was made illegal in the Unit…
depressants.
barbiturates
Which of the following is not what a stimulant does?
1937
Tranquilizers, barbiturates and hypnot…
depressants.
Which of the following is NOT a stimul…
barbiturates
10 terms
Stimulant and depressant
Stimulant Drugs
Stimulant Definition
How Stimulants Enter The Body
Effects Of Stimulants
Cocaine, Caffeine, Meth, Nicotine, Crack, Ecstasy, Amphetamin…
A drug that increases body system
Injected, Swallowed, Snorted, Patch/Gum, Smoked, Absorbed thr…
Increases Heart Rate, Increases Blood Pressure, Tremors, Swea…
Stimulant Drugs
Cocaine, Caffeine, Meth, Nicotine, Crack, Ecstasy, Amphetamin…
Stimulant Definition
A drug that increases body system
74 terms
CNS Depressants and Stimulants
This class of drugs includes include s…
This class of drug has an Inhibitory e…
This class of drug causes sleep (and i…
They ARE DOSE DEPENDENT ... eg. high dose…
CNS depressants
Sedatives
Hypnotic Drugs
Sedative and hypnotic drugs
This class of drugs includes include s…
CNS depressants
This class of drug has an Inhibitory e…
Sedatives
14 terms
Drugs (stimulants and depressants)
depressant
stimulant
how do stimulant drugs enter your body?
how do depressant drugs enter your body?
a drug that slows down the body system
a drug that makes you more active and gives you more energy
injections, swallowed, snorting/sniffing, inhalation
swallowed and injection
depressant
a drug that slows down the body system
stimulant
a drug that makes you more active and gives you more energy
22 terms
Withdrawal of CNS depressants & stimulants
Cocaine symptoms withdrawal - time
Cocaine symptoms withdrawal
Amphetamines symptoms withdrawal - time
Amphetamines symptoms withdrawal
...
may last for months, even years... symptoms include anhedonia, a…
...
...
Cocaine symptoms withdrawal - time
...
Cocaine symptoms withdrawal
may last for months, even years... symptoms include anhedonia, a…
33 terms
Pharmacology: CNS Stimulants & Depressants
What are the main inhibitory NTs?
What is the main excitatory NT?
Ionotropic GABA receptor?
Ionotropic glutamate receptors?
GABA... Glycine
Glutamate
GABAa
KA, AMPA, NMDA
What are the main inhibitory NTs?
GABA... Glycine
What is the main excitatory NT?
Glutamate
19 terms
CH 14 DEPRESSANTS, STIMULANTS
What are benzodiazepines and barbitura…
How do benzodiazepines and barbiturate…
What are the common names of benzodiaz…
What are the common names of barbitura…
There used as sedatives for the treatment of anxiety and inso…
they depress the central nervous system.
Xanax, Valium, Halcion, Librium, Restoril, and Klonopin
phenobarbital, secobarbital
What are benzodiazepines and barbitura…
There used as sedatives for the treatment of anxiety and inso…
How do benzodiazepines and barbiturate…
they depress the central nervous system.
13 terms
stimulants, depressants, hallucinogens, narcotics
stimulant
stimulant
stimulant
stimulant
tobacco(chew,dip)
methamphetines(speed,crank,meth)
cocaine(blow,nose candy)
crack(smoke/powder-snort,liquid inject)
stimulant
tobacco(chew,dip)
stimulant
methamphetines(speed,crank,meth)
33 terms
Stimulants, Hallucinogens, and Depressants
Stimulant
Depressant
Hallucinogen
Stimulant
Increases the activity of the Central Nervous System
Decreases the activity of the Central Nervous System
Substance capable of creating auditory or visual distortions…
Caffeine
Stimulant
Increases the activity of the Central Nervous System
Depressant
Decreases the activity of the Central Nervous System
12 terms
CNS Stimulants & Depressants
ADHD
Narcolepsy
methylphenidate (ritalin)
Anorexiants
Methylphenidate (Ritalin)... & Dexmethylphenidate (Focalin)... -in…
Methylphenidate (Ritalin)... & Modafinil (Provigil)... -inc amt of…
-changes in dopamine transport... -for ADHD, fatigue, and narcol…
Benzphetamine HCl... Diethylpropion HCl... Phentermine HCl... Phenterm…
ADHD
Methylphenidate (Ritalin)... & Dexmethylphenidate (Focalin)... -in…
Narcolepsy
Methylphenidate (Ritalin)... & Modafinil (Provigil)... -inc amt of…
28 terms
Ch. 12 Depressants and Stimulants
Cirrhosis
Taken in a pill or capsule form
The disorder is unlikely to affect a p…
60 minutes
People who drink heavily may develop an itreversible conditio…
What is the MOST common method to ingest amphetamines?
Which statement is FALSE regarding substance use disorders?
About 99% of ingested caffeine absorbed by the body and reach…
Cirrhosis
People who drink heavily may develop an itreversible conditio…
Taken in a pill or capsule form
What is the MOST common method to ingest amphetamines?
17 terms
Stimulants, Depressants and Marijuana
A stimulant increases the heart rate a…
Marijuana could be considered:
Marijuana was made illegal in the Unit…
Cocaine comes from the:
slows down heart rate and breathing and causes blood pressure…
a depressant and mild hallucinogenic.
1937.
coca plant.
A stimulant increases the heart rate a…
slows down heart rate and breathing and causes blood pressure…
Marijuana could be considered:
a depressant and mild hallucinogenic.
29 terms
CNS Depressants and Stimulants
historical roots of CNS depressants
benzodiazepines are much safer than
major therapeutic indications of CNS d…
Common mechanisms of action for CNS de…
alcohol... bromide salts... barbiturates... non-barbiturate and non-be…
barbiturates, non-barbiturates and non benzodiazepines
anti-anxiety... sedation (agitated patient for example)... hypnosis…
all major subgroups of CNS depressants increase the effective…
historical roots of CNS depressants
alcohol... bromide salts... barbiturates... non-barbiturate and non-be…
benzodiazepines are much safer than
barbiturates, non-barbiturates and non benzodiazepines
7 terms
Stimulants vs depressants
Cocaine
Meth
Marijuana
Ecstasy
Stimulant
Stimulant
Hallucinogen
Stimulant
Cocaine
Stimulant
Meth
Stimulant
32 terms
Stimulants (Anti-Depressants)
Stimulants
Stimulant actions
amphetamines brands
Class 1
sympathomimetics... Cocaine, amphetamines, ephedra, nicotine, ca…
directly releases/inceases epi, NE, Dopa
Ridalin, Adderall
SSRI (Selective Seratonin (5-HT) Re-uptake Inhibitors)
Stimulants
sympathomimetics... Cocaine, amphetamines, ephedra, nicotine, ca…
Stimulant actions
directly releases/inceases epi, NE, Dopa
26 terms
CNS depressants/stimulants
sedatives
hypnotics
flumazenil
benzodiazeine interactions
inhibit CNS, decrease nervousness, excitability and irritabil…
cause sleep, more potent than sedatives
antidote for benzodiazepine toxicity
azole-antifungals, verapamil, diltiazem, protease inhibitors,…
sedatives
inhibit CNS, decrease nervousness, excitability and irritabil…
hypnotics
cause sleep, more potent than sedatives
46 terms
CNS depressants and stimulants
sedatives v. hypnotics
benzodiazepines, barbiturates, and mis…
benzodiazepines (DALM)
benzodiazepines action
sedatives: inhibitory effect on the cns, lower nervousness, e…
CNS depressants
sedative-hypnotic or anxiolytic... long acting: diazepam (valium…
depress cns activity: hypothalamic, thalamic, and limbic syst…
sedatives v. hypnotics
sedatives: inhibitory effect on the cns, lower nervousness, e…
benzodiazepines, barbiturates, and mis…
CNS depressants
CNS stimulants & depressants
muscle weakness attacks while awake
paralysis just before sleep, upon awak…
dysregulation of Serotonin, norepineph…
Recurrent attacks of drowsiness and sl…
cataplexy
sleep paralysis
ADHD
narcolepsy
muscle weakness attacks while awake
cataplexy
paralysis just before sleep, upon awak…
sleep paralysis
12 terms
Depressants - Stimulants & Depressants (Week 5)
Depressant Drugs (slow CNS activity)
Mechanism of Action - Barbs & Benzos
Tolerance and Dependence
Barbiturates
Include sedatives, hypnotics, and anesthetics... -Benzodiazepine…
Enhance effect of GABA on neurons... Hypnotic drugs are those wh…
Long term use causes tolerance and may cause dependence... Sympt…
Depress respiration... added effects w/ alcohol... - severe withdra…
Depressant Drugs (slow CNS activity)
Include sedatives, hypnotics, and anesthetics... -Benzodiazepine…
Mechanism of Action - Barbs & Benzos
Enhance effect of GABA on neurons... Hypnotic drugs are those wh…
43 terms
CNS Depressants and Stimulants
Anti-Depressants used for anxiety... Esci…
Anti-Depressants used for anxiety... Esci…
Anti-Depressants used for anxiety... Esci…
Anti-Depressants used for anxiety... Esci…
Effect neurotransmitters in the brain- Norepinephrine and ser…
Anxiety depression, OCD, panic, social phobia, and PTSD
Dry mouth, constipation, sweating dizziness, loss of sexual d…
Monitor for compliance and suicide ideation. Takes 14 days to…
Anti-Depressants used for anxiety... Esci…
Effect neurotransmitters in the brain- Norepinephrine and ser…
Anti-Depressants used for anxiety... Esci…
Anxiety depression, OCD, panic, social phobia, and PTSD
11 terms
CNS Depressants and Stimulants
Diazepam (Valium)
Alprazolam (Xanax)
Lorazepam (Ativan)
Midazolam
Benzodiazepine... Long-acting sedative-hypnotic that acts by fa…
Benzodiazepine... Mechanism of action is unknown. Presumed to b…
Benzodiazepine... Seems to have a tranquilizing action on the C…
Benzodiazepine... Used as a short acting CNS depressant... ... Indic…
Diazepam (Valium)
Benzodiazepine... Long-acting sedative-hypnotic that acts by fa…
Alprazolam (Xanax)
Benzodiazepine... Mechanism of action is unknown. Presumed to b…
16 terms
4.8 Stimulants, Depressants
Amphetamines
Methamphetamine
Amphetamine Psychosis
Cocaine
stimulants that are synthesized in laboratories rather than b…
amphetamine used to treat attention deficit hyperactivity dis…
nausea, vomiting, high blood pressure, strokes. Causes addict…
a natural drug derived from the leaves of the coca plant; cau…
Amphetamines
stimulants that are synthesized in laboratories rather than b…
Methamphetamine
amphetamine used to treat attention deficit hyperactivity dis…
61 terms
CNS Depressants and Stimulants
sedatives
hypnotics
sedative-hypnotics
barbiturates, benzodiazepines, and mis…
drugs that have an inhibitory effect on the CNS to the degree…
drugs that cause sleep and have a much more potent effect o…
drugs that can act as either a sedative or a hypnotic, depend…
the 3 groups of sedative-hypnotics
sedatives
drugs that have an inhibitory effect on the CNS to the degree…
hypnotics
drugs that cause sleep and have a much more potent effect o…
67 terms
CNS Stimulants & Depressants
stimulant uses
types of stimulants
Cause of ADHD
Is ADHD more common in boys or girls?
ADHD, narcolepsy, reversal of respiratory distress
amphetamines, amphetamine "like drugs"
Might be caused by dysregulation of transmitters serotonin, n…
boys
stimulant uses
ADHD, narcolepsy, reversal of respiratory distress
types of stimulants
amphetamines, amphetamine "like drugs"
12 terms
CNS stimulants and depressants
Methlyphenidate (Ritalin),... Amphetamine…
Phenteramine
Serotonin Agonists (SSRAs -... Selective…
Caffeine
Drugs of choice for the... treatment of ADD and ADHD. ... * Advers…
appetite suppresant... * Adverse effects include: anxiety, hype…
Indicated for the treatment of... migraine headaches and cluster…
Mild CNS stimulant found in... many OTC drugs and... combination pr…
Methlyphenidate (Ritalin),... Amphetamine…
Drugs of choice for the... treatment of ADD and ADHD. ... * Advers…
Phenteramine
appetite suppresant... * Adverse effects include: anxiety, hype…
16 terms
Other Depressants and Stimulants
Depressants
Controlled substances
Barbiturates
Benzodiazepines
These are often prescribed to treat anxiety and sleep disorde…
Depressants are _____________; Meaning that they have the pot…
- High risk for overdose ... - less commonly prescribed ... - Most…
- Prescribed to treat: Anxiety, panic attacks, some short-ter…
Depressants
These are often prescribed to treat anxiety and sleep disorde…
Controlled substances
Depressants are _____________; Meaning that they have the pot…
31 terms
CNS Stimulants and Depressants
CNS Stimulants
ADHD/ADD Stimulant names
ADHD/ADD nursing
Anorexiants example
...
Methylphenidate (Riatlin)... Amphetamine... Lisdexamfetamine (Vyvan…
Sudden death in children with cardiac abnormalities... High abus…
Phenteramine
CNS Stimulants
...
ADHD/ADD Stimulant names
Methylphenidate (Riatlin)... Amphetamine... Lisdexamfetamine (Vyvan…
14 terms
Addiction, Stimulants, and Depressants
Psychoactive Drug
Tolerance
Neuroadaption
Withdrawal
A chemical substance that alters perception and mood
The diminishing effect with the regular use of the same dose…
The brain adapts it's chemistry to offset the drug effect
The discomfort and distress that follows the discontinuing of…
Psychoactive Drug
A chemical substance that alters perception and mood
Tolerance
The diminishing effect with the regular use of the same dose…
14 terms
CNS depressants and Stimulants
diazepam
alprazolam
lorazepram
midazolam
-benzodiazepine... - mechanism: long acting sedative hypnotic th…
-benzodiazepine... -mechanism: unknown, presumed to bind at ster…
-benzodiazepine... -mechanism: seems to have a tranquilizing act…
-benzodiazepine... -mechanism: used as a short acting CNS depres…
diazepam
-benzodiazepine... - mechanism: long acting sedative hypnotic th…
alprazolam
-benzodiazepine... -mechanism: unknown, presumed to bind at ster…
33 terms
CNS Depressants and Stimulants
Sedatives
Hypnotics
Benzodiazapines
Benzos MoA
CNS depressant-Inhibitory effect on the CNS: decreased nervou…
CNS depressant- Cause sleep, more potent than sedatives. Ex.…
Sedative-hypnotic or anxiolytic
Depress CNS activity = hypothalamic, thalamic, and limbic sys…
Sedatives
CNS depressant-Inhibitory effect on the CNS: decreased nervou…
Hypnotics
CNS depressant- Cause sleep, more potent than sedatives. Ex.…
8 terms
CNS Depressants & Stimulants (3)
Zyban
Chantix
Ativan
Morphine Sulphate
drug prescribed to aid in smoking cessation; sustained release
drug prescribed to aid in smoking cessation; stimulates nicot…
alcohol withdrawal treatment; started with patient gets agita…
opioid analgesics; relieves severe pain and induces anesthesia
Zyban
drug prescribed to aid in smoking cessation; sustained release
Chantix
drug prescribed to aid in smoking cessation; stimulates nicot…
10 terms
Pharmacology - CNS Stimulants/ Depressants
Methylphenidate
Sumatriptan
Secobarbital sodium
Lorazepam
aka Ritalin... CNS Stimulant ... To treat ADHD... Stimulates dopamine…
aka Imitrex... CNS Stimulant... Triptan stimulant used to treat mig…
aka Seconal... CNS Depressant ... Barbiturate for anxiety/ hypnotic…
aka Ativan... CNS Depressant... To treat insomnia and anxiety, for…
Methylphenidate
aka Ritalin... CNS Stimulant ... To treat ADHD... Stimulates dopamine…
Sumatriptan
aka Imitrex... CNS Stimulant... Triptan stimulant used to treat mig…
79 terms
CNS STIMULANTS AND DEPRESSANTS
analeptics
cataplexy
ergot alkaloids
serotonin receptor agonist
cns stimulants that have generalized effects on brainstem and…
condition characterized by abrupt attacks of muscle weakness…
narrow/constrict blood vessels in the brain and provide relie…
used to treat migraine headaches by stimulating 5-hydroxytryp…
analeptics
cns stimulants that have generalized effects on brainstem and…
cataplexy
condition characterized by abrupt attacks of muscle weakness…
19 terms
Psych 162: Stimulants & Depressants
Drugs in the Amphetamine class
Anxiolytic Benzodiazepines include:
Hypnotic Benzodiazepines include:
Barbiturates include:
dextroamphetamine (Dexedrine), methylphenidate (Ritalin), & m…
alprazolam (Xanax), chlordiazepoxide (Librium), diazepam (Val…
flurazepam (Dalmate), trizolam (Halcion), temazepam (Restoril)
phenobarbital sodium (Nembutal), secobarbital (seconal), & ph…
Drugs in the Amphetamine class
dextroamphetamine (Dexedrine), methylphenidate (Ritalin), & m…
Anxiolytic Benzodiazepines include:
alprazolam (Xanax), chlordiazepoxide (Librium), diazepam (Val…
100 terms
Narcotics, depressants, and stimulants
Narcotics such as opium, morphine, and…
Examples of internal body substances/c…
When an opioid is used as an analgesic…
Dilaudid, oxycodone, etophine and hero…
natural substances
endorphin
pain
semi-synthetic narcotics
Narcotics such as opium, morphine, and…
natural substances
Examples of internal body substances/c…
endorphin
16 terms
Depressants, stimulants, or inhalants
Slow down the activities of the CNS
Ex: alcohol, pain, sleeping aids, musc…
Commonly referred to as "downers"
Impairs muscle control,judgement,reaso…
Depressants
Depressants
Depressants
Depressants
Slow down the activities of the CNS
Depressants
Ex: alcohol, pain, sleeping aids, musc…
Depressants
12 terms
CNS Stimulants and Depressants
Diazepam (Valium)
Alprazolam (Xanax)
Lorazepam
Midazolam
Class of Drug-Benzodiazepine... Mechanism of Action- long actin…
Class of Drug-Benzodiazepine ... Mechanism of Action-Unknown. P…
Class of Drug-benzodiazipine ... Mechanism of Action-seems to h…
Class of Drug-benzodiazapine ... Mechanism of Action-used as a…
Diazepam (Valium)
Class of Drug-Benzodiazepine... Mechanism of Action- long actin…
Alprazolam (Xanax)
Class of Drug-Benzodiazepine ... Mechanism of Action-Unknown. P…
39 terms
Depressants, Stimulants, Narcotics
Depressant
Depressant
Depressant
Depressant Intox
Benzo
Meprobamate
Barbiturates
Slurred speech, incoordination, drowiness
Depressant
Benzo
Depressant
Meprobamate
31 terms
Narcotics, Stimulants and Depressants
Narcotics
Euphoria
Withdrawal
Stimulants
specific drugs that are obtainable only by prescription and a…
feeling of well-being, these drugs affect pleasure to the cen…
symptoms that occur after the chronic use of a drug is reduce…
drugs that speed up activity in the human brain and spinal cord
Narcotics
specific drugs that are obtainable only by prescription and a…
Euphoria
feeling of well-being, these drugs affect pleasure to the cen…
56 terms
CNS stimulants and depressants
barbiturates
benzodiazepines
gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)
REM interference
class of drugs that are chemical derivatives of barbituric ac…
-anxiolytics usually and sometimes sedative-hypnotic... - favora…
primary inhibitory neurotransmitter in brain; key compound af…
drug induced reaction of REM sleep time; can result in daytim…
barbiturates
class of drugs that are chemical derivatives of barbituric ac…
benzodiazepines
-anxiolytics usually and sometimes sedative-hypnotic... - favora…
13 terms
stimulants, depressants, hallucinogens, narcotics
stimulant
stimulant
stimulant
stimulant
tobacco(chew,dip)
methamphetines(speed,crank,meth)
cocaine(blow,nose candy)
crack(smoke/powder-snort,liquid inject)
stimulant
tobacco(chew,dip)
stimulant
methamphetines(speed,crank,meth)
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