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Study sets matching "stoichiometry"

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Study sets matching "stoichiometry"

8 terms
Stoichiometry
Stoichiometry
Moles (mol) chemistry
Calculation of the number of moles.
Calculation of grams from moles.
Technique used to find the molar ratio in a balanced chemical…
A counting tool that we use to count anything from atoms, mol…
This calculation is completed by starting with the number of…
This time start with the number of moles and multiply through…
Stoichiometry
Technique used to find the molar ratio in a balanced chemical…
Moles (mol) chemistry
A counting tool that we use to count anything from atoms, mol…
23 terms
Stoichiometry
Subscript
Coefficient
Percent composition
Law of conservation of mass
A number in a chemical formula that tells the number of atoms…
A number in front of a chemical formula in an equation that i…
the percent by mass of each element in a compound
Lavoisier... Matter is neither created nor destroyed
Subscript
A number in a chemical formula that tells the number of atoms…
Coefficient
A number in front of a chemical formula in an equation that i…
23 terms
Stoichiometry
Subscript
Coefficient
Percent composition
Law of conservation of mass
A number in a chemical formula that tells the number of atoms…
A number in front of a chemical formula in an equation that i…
the percent by mass of each element in a compound
Lavoisier... Matter is neither created nor destroyed
Subscript
A number in a chemical formula that tells the number of atoms…
Coefficient
A number in front of a chemical formula in an equation that i…
8 terms
Stoichiometry
Balance this equation ( show your work).
Solve this problem using sig figs and…
Find the molecular weight for:
Find the percent composition for:
Balance this equation ( show your work).
Solve this problem using sig figs and…
9 terms
Stoichiometry
Subscript
Coefficient
Law of conservation of mass
Mole
A number in a chemical formula that tells the number of atoms…
A number in front of a chemical formula in an equation that i…
Lavoisier... Matter is neither created nor destroyed
(physics and chemistry) the simplest structural unit of an el…
Subscript
A number in a chemical formula that tells the number of atoms…
Coefficient
A number in front of a chemical formula in an equation that i…
21 terms
Stoichiometry
Subscript
Coefficient
Percent composition
Law of conservation of mass
A number in a chemical formula that tells the number of atoms…
A number in front of a chemical formula in an equation that i…
the percent by mass of each element in a compound
Lavoisier... Matter is neither created nor destroyed
Subscript
A number in a chemical formula that tells the number of atoms…
Coefficient
A number in front of a chemical formula in an equation that i…
11 terms
STOICHIOMETRY
STOICHIOMETRY
LIMITING REACTANT
ACTUAL YEILD
PERCENT YIELD
Calculations that relate quantities of substances.... The study…
Whatever substance you will run out of first ... Limits the amou…
Amount of a product that is really obtained from a chemical r…
Ratio of Actual Yield/Expected Yield
STOICHIOMETRY
Calculations that relate quantities of substances.... The study…
LIMITING REACTANT
Whatever substance you will run out of first ... Limits the amou…
12 terms
STOICHIOMETRY
STOICHIOMETRY
LIMITING REACTANT
ACTUAL YIELD
PERCENT YIELD
Calculations that relate quantities of substances.... The study…
Whatever substance you will run out of first ... Limits the amou…
Amount of a product that is really obtained from a chemical r…
Ratio of Actual Yield/Expected Yield
STOICHIOMETRY
Calculations that relate quantities of substances.... The study…
LIMITING REACTANT
Whatever substance you will run out of first ... Limits the amou…
23 terms
Stoichiometry
Subscript
Coefficient
Percent composition
Law of conservation of mass
A number in a chemical formula that tells the number of atoms…
A number in front of a chemical formula in an equation that i…
the percent by mass of each element in a compound
Lavoisier... Matter is neither created nor destroyed
Subscript
A number in a chemical formula that tells the number of atoms…
Coefficient
A number in front of a chemical formula in an equation that i…
20 terms
Stoichiometry
Subscript
Percent composition
Law of conservation of mass
Avogadro's Number
A number in a chemical formula that tells the number of atoms…
the percent by mass of each element in a compound
Lavoisier... Matter is neither created nor destroyed
number of representative particles in a mole, 6.02 X 10^23
Subscript
A number in a chemical formula that tells the number of atoms…
Percent composition
the percent by mass of each element in a compound
11 terms
STOICHIOMETRY
STOICHIOMETRY
LIMITING REACTANT
ACTUAL YEILD
PERCENT YIELD
Calculations that relate quantities of substances.... The study…
Whatever substance you will run out of first ... Limits the amou…
Amount of a product that is really obtained from a chemical r…
Ratio of Actual Yield/Expected Yield
STOICHIOMETRY
Calculations that relate quantities of substances.... The study…
LIMITING REACTANT
Whatever substance you will run out of first ... Limits the amou…
11 terms
Stoichiometry
Subscript
Coefficient
Law of conservation of mass
Mole
A number in a chemical formula that tells the number of atoms…
A number in front of a chemical formula in an equation that i…
Lavoisier... Matter is neither created nor destroyed
6.02 X 10^23 of a substance. Used in chemistry to match atoms…
Subscript
A number in a chemical formula that tells the number of atoms…
Coefficient
A number in front of a chemical formula in an equation that i…
13 terms
Stoichiometry
Subscript
Coefficient
Law of conservation of mass
Mole
A number in a chemical formula that tells the number of atoms…
A number in front of a chemical formula in an equation that i…
Lavoisier... Matter is neither created nor destroyed
(physics and chemistry) the simplest structural unit of an el…
Subscript
A number in a chemical formula that tells the number of atoms…
Coefficient
A number in front of a chemical formula in an equation that i…
15 terms
Stoichiometry
Mole
Stoichiometry
Molar mass
One mole of Oxygen
studies amounts of substances involved in reactions
mass in grams of one mole of a substance
16 grams
Mole
Stoichiometry
studies amounts of substances involved in reactions
13 terms
Stoichiometry
stoichiometry
reactants
products
chemical equations
that portion of chemistry dealing with numerical relationship…
the starting materials in a chemical reaction
the elements or compounds produced by a chemical reaction
a representation of a chemical reaction that uses symbols to…
stoichiometry
that portion of chemistry dealing with numerical relationship…
reactants
the starting materials in a chemical reaction
16 terms
Stoichiometry
Gram formula mass
Molecular formula
Empirical Formula
Subscript
the mass of one mole of an ionic compound
A chemical formula that shows the number and kinds of atoms i…
a chemical formula showing the ratio of elements in a compoun…
A number in a chemical formula that tells the number of atoms…
Gram formula mass
the mass of one mole of an ionic compound
Molecular formula
A chemical formula that shows the number and kinds of atoms i…
37 terms
STOICHIOMETRY
Define Stoichiometry
Dalton (early 1800s) said...(2)
Chemical (1) vs. Word Equations (2)
Ways of expressing a quantity of subst…
Counting by measuring mass... 'Measuring elements' in Greek
1. Atoms combine in simple whole number ratios to form compou…
1. Uses the symbols in the periodic table of elements in asso…
1. Mass... 2. Amount... 2. Number of particles/molecules/atoms
Define Stoichiometry
Counting by measuring mass... 'Measuring elements' in Greek
Dalton (early 1800s) said...(2)
1. Atoms combine in simple whole number ratios to form compou…
28 terms
Stoichiometry
Law of Conservation of Mass
Conserve
Yield
Subscript
Matter cannot be created nor destroyed, only rearranged
To prevent from being lost or wasted
To produce or provide
Letter or number written below other letters/numbers; represe…
Law of Conservation of Mass
Matter cannot be created nor destroyed, only rearranged
Conserve
To prevent from being lost or wasted
19 terms
Stoichiometry
chemical stoichiometry
mass spectrometer
average atomic mass
mole
the calculation of the quantities of material consumed and pr…
an instrument used to determine the relative masses of atoms…
average mass for an element
the number equal to the number of carbon atoms in exactly 12…
chemical stoichiometry
the calculation of the quantities of material consumed and pr…
mass spectrometer
an instrument used to determine the relative masses of atoms…
68 terms
Stoichiometry
molecule
what are the smallest units of a compo…
molecules are composed of atoms that h…
formula unit
combination of two or more atoms held together by covalent bo…
molecule
similar
name of the an ionic compound
molecule
combination of two or more atoms held together by covalent bo…
what are the smallest units of a compo…
molecule
13 terms
Stoichiometry
Mole ratio
Balanced chemical equation
Theoretical yield
Limiting reagent
The mole ratio is the ratio of moles (the coefficient) of one…
A chemical equation that has the same number and type of atom…
A type of calculation in chemistry where the amount of a prod…
A limiting reagent is the reactant that runs out first in a c…
Mole ratio
The mole ratio is the ratio of moles (the coefficient) of one…
Balanced chemical equation
A chemical equation that has the same number and type of atom…
13 terms
Stoichiometry
Stoichiometry
Why is stoichiometry important?
Coefficients in a balanced equation ca…
Conversion factor between mole and vol…
the calculation of chemical quantities in chemical reactions
-It helps us see relationships in chemical reactions... -It help…
1) Relative number of particles (atoms, molecules, formula un…
Molar Volume (22.4L/mol)
Stoichiometry
the calculation of chemical quantities in chemical reactions
Why is stoichiometry important?
-It helps us see relationships in chemical reactions... -It help…
14 terms
stoichiometry
stoichiometry
chemical formula
molecular compound
ionic compounds
numerical relationships between elements and compounds
symbolic representations that specify the elements present in…
groups of two or more atoms linked together by chemical bonds…
electrically charged particles
stoichiometry
numerical relationships between elements and compounds
chemical formula
symbolic representations that specify the elements present in…
16 terms
Stoichiometry
limiting
hundred
theoretical yield
empirical
reagent that determines how much product is made
the total percent the percent composition will equal
max yield (amount of product) that can be made in a chemical…
the formula using the lowest whole # ratio for a chemical com…
limiting
reagent that determines how much product is made
hundred
the total percent the percent composition will equal
21 terms
Stoichiometry
Chemical stoichiometry
Mass spectrometer
Average atomic mass
Mole (mol)
Method of determining the amounts of reactants needed to crea…
An instrument that measures the masses of atoms and molecules
The weighted average of the masses of all naturally occurring…
A standard scientific unit for measuring large quantities of…
Chemical stoichiometry
Method of determining the amounts of reactants needed to crea…
Mass spectrometer
An instrument that measures the masses of atoms and molecules
11 terms
STOICHIOMETRY
STOICHIOMETRY
LIMITING REACTANT
ACTUAL YEILD
PERCENT YIELD
Calculations that relate quantities of substances.... The study…
Whatever substance you will run out of first ... Limits the amou…
Amount of a product that is really obtained from a chemical r…
Ratio of Actual Yield/Expected Yield
STOICHIOMETRY
Calculations that relate quantities of substances.... The study…
LIMITING REACTANT
Whatever substance you will run out of first ... Limits the amou…
37 terms
Stoichiometry
Empirical Formula
Molecular Formula
Percent Composition
Combustion Reaction
SIMPLEST whole number ratio of atom of each element in compou…
ACTUAL number of atom of each element in compound (C2H2, C2H4
(mass of X in formula) / (Formula mass of compound) times 100
substance is completely burn in excess oxygen (CxHx + O2 ----…
Empirical Formula
SIMPLEST whole number ratio of atom of each element in compou…
Molecular Formula
ACTUAL number of atom of each element in compound (C2H2, C2H4
10 terms
Stoichiometry
mole ratio
order
Radioactive
Alpha
Coefficient in a chemical formula represents mole ratios
gramsA->molesA->molesB->gramsB
isotopes have unstable nucleus
Particles are the nuclei of helium atoms
mole ratio
Coefficient in a chemical formula represents mole ratios
order
gramsA->molesA->molesB->gramsB
19 terms
Stoichiometry
reactants
products
subscripts
coefficients
the substance(s) you start with pre-reaction
substance(s) you end with post reaction
used to determine the amount of atoms in a formula
used to describe the number of molecules in the reaction
reactants
the substance(s) you start with pre-reaction
products
substance(s) you end with post reaction
11 terms
STOICHIOMETRY
STOICHIOMETRY
LIMITING REACTANT
ACTUAL YEILD
PERCENT YIELD
Calculations that relate quantities of substances.... The study…
Whatever substance you will run out of first ... Limits the amou…
Amount of a product that is really obtained from a chemical r…
Ratio of Actual Yield/Expected Yield
STOICHIOMETRY
Calculations that relate quantities of substances.... The study…
LIMITING REACTANT
Whatever substance you will run out of first ... Limits the amou…
22 terms
Stoichiometry
Law of Conservation of Mass
Yield
Subscript
Coefficient
Matter cannot be created nor destroyed, only rearranged
To produce or provide
Letter or number written below other letters/numbers; represe…
A large number written in front of a formula; represents the…
Law of Conservation of Mass
Matter cannot be created nor destroyed, only rearranged
Yield
To produce or provide
11 terms
Stoichiometry
Mole
Avogadro's Number
Molar Mass
Molar Volume
SI unit used to measure the amount of a substance.
6.02 x 10²³
the mass in grams of one mole of a substance
The volume occupied by 1 mole of an ideal gas; 22.4 liters at…
Mole
SI unit used to measure the amount of a substance.
Avogadro's Number
6.02 x 10²³
12 terms
stoichiometry
Avogadro's number:
Mole:
Molar mass:
Molar volume:
As the number of elementary particles (molecules, atoms, comp…
The unit of amount in chemistry. ... A mole of a substance is…
A physical property defined as the mass of a given substance…
The volume occupied by one mole of a substance (chemical elem…
Avogadro's number:
As the number of elementary particles (molecules, atoms, comp…
Mole:
The unit of amount in chemistry. ... A mole of a substance is…
12 terms
Stoichiometry
stoichiometry
Mr
percentage composition
mole
relative positions in which elements from compounds or in whi…
molar/molecular mass... calculated by adding the amount of atoms
the percentage by mass of each element in a compound
6.022 * 10^23 atoms/molecules
stoichiometry
relative positions in which elements from compounds or in whi…
Mr
molar/molecular mass... calculated by adding the amount of atoms
8 terms
Stoichiometry
Stoichiometry
Stoichiometry calculation
Mole ratio
Limiting reagent
The calculation of quantities in chemical reactions isa subje…
Calculation that use relationship in balanced equations.
A conversion factor derived from the coefficients of a balanc…
The reactant that determines the amount of product that can b…
Stoichiometry
The calculation of quantities in chemical reactions isa subje…
Stoichiometry calculation
Calculation that use relationship in balanced equations.
23 terms
Stoichiometry
Rj Cappuccio
Stoichiometry
Conversion for liters
Conversion for grams
PD A
(chemistry) the relation between the quantities of substances…
22.4 L/ 1mole
GFM of Elelement / 1mole
Rj Cappuccio
PD A
Stoichiometry
(chemistry) the relation between the quantities of substances…
12 terms
Stoichiometry
Stoichiometry
Mole A to Mole B Calculations
Steps in solving Mole to Mole Calculat…
Mole A to Mass B Calculations
The study of the amount of substances produced and consumed i…
In a mole problem, the number of moles of one substance in a…
1. Write a Balanced Equation... 2. Use the mole ratio to convert…
In a mole to mass problem, the number of moles of one substan…
Stoichiometry
The study of the amount of substances produced and consumed i…
Mole A to Mole B Calculations
In a mole problem, the number of moles of one substance in a…
33 terms
Stoichiometry
Formation (Synthesis) Reaction
Decomposition Reaction
Hydrocarbon Combustion
Single Replacement Reaction
Element + Element = compound
Compound = element + element
Hydrocarbon (HC or HCO) + O2 = CO2 + H2O
Formation (Synthesis) Reaction
Element + Element = compound
Decomposition Reaction
Compound = element + element
31 terms
Stoichiometry
Alkaline
Beaker
Chemical
Chemical change
having a pH greater than 7
a cylindrical glass container used in a laboratory setting of…
an element or compound
a chemical reaction
Alkaline
having a pH greater than 7
Beaker
a cylindrical glass container used in a laboratory setting of…
11 terms
stoichiometry
stoichiometry
chemical formula
Balanced chemical equation
Limiting reagent
numerical relationships between elements and compounds
symbolic representations that specify the elements present in…
A chemical equation that has the same number and type of atom…
A limiting reagent is the reactant that runs out first in a c…
stoichiometry
numerical relationships between elements and compounds
chemical formula
symbolic representations that specify the elements present in…
Stoichiometry
stoichiometry
reactants
products
chemical equations
that portion of chemistry dealing with numerical relationship…
the starting materials in a chemical reaction
the elements or compounds produced by a chemical reaction
a representation of a chemical reaction that uses symbols to…
stoichiometry
that portion of chemistry dealing with numerical relationship…
reactants
the starting materials in a chemical reaction
8 terms
Stoichiometry
Stoichiometry
Moles (mol) chemistry
Calculation of the number of moles.
Calculation of grams from moles.
Technique used to find the molar ratio in a balanced chemical…
A counting tool that we use to count anything from atoms, mol…
This calculation is completed by starting with the number of…
This time start with the number of moles and multiply through…
Stoichiometry
Technique used to find the molar ratio in a balanced chemical…
Moles (mol) chemistry
A counting tool that we use to count anything from atoms, mol…
22 terms
Stoichiometry
Law of Conservation of Mass
conserve
yield
subscript
Matter cannot be created nor destroyed, only rearranged
To prevent from being lost or wasted
To produce or provide
Letter or number written below other letters/numbers; represe…
Law of Conservation of Mass
Matter cannot be created nor destroyed, only rearranged
conserve
To prevent from being lost or wasted
12 terms
stoichiometry
Avogadro's number:
Mole:
Molar mass:
Molar volume:
As the number of elementary particles (molecules, atoms, comp…
The unit of amount in chemistry. ... A mole of a substance is…
A physical property defined as the mass of a given substance…
The volume occupied by one mole of a substance (chemical elem…
Avogadro's number:
As the number of elementary particles (molecules, atoms, comp…
Mole:
The unit of amount in chemistry. ... A mole of a substance is…
19 terms
Stoichiometry
chemical stoichiometry
mass spectrometer
average atomic mass
mole
the calculation of the quantities of material consumed and pr…
an instrument used to determine the relative masses of atoms…
average mass for an element
the number equal to the number of carbon atoms in exactly 12…
chemical stoichiometry
the calculation of the quantities of material consumed and pr…
mass spectrometer
an instrument used to determine the relative masses of atoms…
19 terms
Stoichiometry
chemical stoichiometry
mass spectrometer
average atomic mass
mole
the calculation of the quantities of material consumed and pr…
an instrument used to determine the relative masses of atoms…
average mass for an element
the number equal to the number of carbon atoms in exactly 12…
chemical stoichiometry
the calculation of the quantities of material consumed and pr…
mass spectrometer
an instrument used to determine the relative masses of atoms…
25 terms
Stoichiometry
Mass of one molecule of a compound
Total number of atoms in a compound
Number of moles of one element of a co…
Number of atoms of one element of a co…
Molar mass of the compound/6.02E23
(moles)(number of molecules in the compound)(6.02E23)
(moles of the compound)*(moles of the element in the compound)
[ (moles of the compound)(6.02E23) ] (number of molecules o…
Mass of one molecule of a compound
Molar mass of the compound/6.02E23
Total number of atoms in a compound
(moles)(number of molecules in the compound)(6.02E23)
14 terms
STOICHIOMETRY
STOICHIOMETRY
LIMITING REACTANT
ACTUAL YEILD
PERCENT YIELD
Calculations that relate quantities of substances.... The study…
Whatever substance you will run out of first ... Limits the amou…
Amount of a product that is really obtained from a chemical r…
Ratio of Actual Yield/Expected Yield x 100
STOICHIOMETRY
Calculations that relate quantities of substances.... The study…
LIMITING REACTANT
Whatever substance you will run out of first ... Limits the amou…
9 terms
Stoichiometry
composition stoichiometry
reaction stoichiometry
mole ratio
molar mass
deals with the mass relationships of elements in compounds
calculations involving the mass relationships between reactan…
a conversion factor that relates the amounts in moles of any…
the mass of one mole of a pure substance
composition stoichiometry
deals with the mass relationships of elements in compounds
reaction stoichiometry
calculations involving the mass relationships between reactan…
22 terms
Stoichiometry
Chemical Stoichiometry
Chemical Stoichiometry
Chemical Stoichiometry
Atomic mass
Chemical Arithmetic
Mathematics of chemical formulas and chemical equations
Calculations of quantities of materials consumed and produced…
A relative mass determined by means of a standard
Chemical Stoichiometry
Chemical Arithmetic
Chemical Stoichiometry
Mathematics of chemical formulas and chemical equations
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