Study sets matching "stoichiometry"

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Study sets matching "stoichiometry"

Stoichiometry
Subscript
Coefficient
Percent composition
Law of conservation of mass
A number in a chemical formula that tells the number of atoms…
A number in front of a chemical formula in an equation that i…
the percent by mass of each element in a compound
Lavoisier... Matter is neither created nor destroyed
Subscript
A number in a chemical formula that tells the number of atoms…
Coefficient
A number in front of a chemical formula in an equation that i…
Stoichiometry
Subscript
Coefficient
Percent composition
Law of conservation of mass
A number in a chemical formula that tells the number of atoms…
A number in front of a chemical formula in an equation that i…
the percent by mass of each element in a compound
Lavoisier... Matter is neither created nor destroyed
Subscript
A number in a chemical formula that tells the number of atoms…
Coefficient
A number in front of a chemical formula in an equation that i…
12 terms
STOICHIOMETRY
STOICHIOMETRY
LIMITING REACTANT
ACTUAL YIELD
PERCENT YIELD
Calculations that relate quantities of substances.... The study…
Whatever substance you will run out of first ... Limits the amou…
Amount of a product that is really obtained from a chemical r…
Ratio of Actual Yield/Expected Yield
STOICHIOMETRY
Calculations that relate quantities of substances.... The study…
LIMITING REACTANT
Whatever substance you will run out of first ... Limits the amou…
Stoichiometry
Stoichiometry
Moles (mol) chemistry
Calculation of the number of moles.
Calculation of grams from moles.
Technique used to find the molar ratio in a balanced chemical…
A counting tool that we use to count anything from atoms, mol…
This calculation is completed by starting with the number of…
This time start with the number of moles and multiply through…
Stoichiometry
Technique used to find the molar ratio in a balanced chemical…
Moles (mol) chemistry
A counting tool that we use to count anything from atoms, mol…
23 terms
Stoichiometry
Subscript
Coefficient
Percent composition
Law of conservation of mass
A number in a chemical formula that tells the number of atoms…
A number in front of a chemical formula in an equation that i…
the percent by mass of each element in a compound
Lavoisier... Matter is neither created nor destroyed
Subscript
A number in a chemical formula that tells the number of atoms…
Coefficient
A number in front of a chemical formula in an equation that i…
8 terms
Stoichiometry
Balance this equation ( show your work).
Solve this problem using sig figs and…
Find the molecular weight for:
Find the percent composition for:
Balance this equation ( show your work).
Solve this problem using sig figs and…
6 terms
Stoichiometry
Actual Yield
Excess Reagent
Limiting Reagent
Percent Yield
the amount of product that forms when a reaction is carried o…
the substance that is present in enough quantity to react wit…
the substance that determines the amount of product that can…
the ratio of the actual yield and theoretical yield expressed…
Actual Yield
the amount of product that forms when a reaction is carried o…
Excess Reagent
the substance that is present in enough quantity to react wit…
19 terms
Stoichiometry
chemical stoichiometry
mass spectrometer
average atomic mass
mole
the calculation of the quantities of material consumed and pr…
an instrument used to determine the relative masses of atoms…
average mass for an element
the number equal to the number of carbon atoms in exactly 12…
chemical stoichiometry
the calculation of the quantities of material consumed and pr…
mass spectrometer
an instrument used to determine the relative masses of atoms…
13 terms
Stoichiometry
stoichiometry
reactants
products
chemical equations
that portion of chemistry dealing with numerical relationship…
the starting materials in a chemical reaction
the elements or compounds produced by a chemical reaction
a representation of a chemical reaction that uses symbols to…
stoichiometry
that portion of chemistry dealing with numerical relationship…
reactants
the starting materials in a chemical reaction
Stoichiometry
molecule
what are the smallest units of a compo…
molecules are composed of atoms that h…
formula unit
combination of two or more atoms held together by covalent bo…
molecule
similar
name of the an ionic compound
molecule
combination of two or more atoms held together by covalent bo…
what are the smallest units of a compo…
molecule
13 terms
Stoichiometry
Mole ratio
Balanced chemical equation
Theoretical yield
Limiting reagent
The mole ratio is the ratio of moles (the coefficient) of one…
A chemical equation that has the same number and type of atom…
A type of calculation in chemistry where the amount of a prod…
A limiting reagent is the reactant that runs out first in a c…
Mole ratio
The mole ratio is the ratio of moles (the coefficient) of one…
Balanced chemical equation
A chemical equation that has the same number and type of atom…
37 terms
STOICHIOMETRY
Define Stoichiometry
Dalton (early 1800s) said...(2)
Chemical (1) vs. Word Equations (2)
Ways of expressing a quantity of subst…
Counting by measuring mass... 'Measuring elements' in Greek
1. Atoms combine in simple whole number ratios to form compou…
1. Uses the symbols in the periodic table of elements in asso…
1. Mass... 2. Amount... 2. Number of particles/molecules/atoms
Define Stoichiometry
Counting by measuring mass... 'Measuring elements' in Greek
Dalton (early 1800s) said...(2)
1. Atoms combine in simple whole number ratios to form compou…
Stoichiometry
Subscript
Coefficient
Percent composition
Law of conservation of mass
A number in a chemical formula that tells the number of atoms…
A number in front of a chemical formula in an equation that i…
the percent by mass of each element in a compound
Lavoisier... Matter is neither created nor destroyed
Subscript
A number in a chemical formula that tells the number of atoms…
Coefficient
A number in front of a chemical formula in an equation that i…
19 terms
Stoichiometry
reactants
products
subscripts
coefficients
the substance(s) you start with pre-reaction
substance(s) you end with post reaction
used to determine the amount of atoms in a formula
used to describe the number of molecules in the reaction
reactants
the substance(s) you start with pre-reaction
products
substance(s) you end with post reaction
21 terms
Stoichiometry
Subscript
Coefficient
Percent composition
Law of conservation of mass
A number in a chemical formula that tells the number of atoms…
A number in front of a chemical formula in an equation that i…
the percent by mass of each element in a compound
Lavoisier... Matter is neither created nor destroyed
Subscript
A number in a chemical formula that tells the number of atoms…
Coefficient
A number in front of a chemical formula in an equation that i…
13 terms
Stoichiometry
Stoichiometry
Why is stoichiometry important?
Coefficients in a balanced equation ca…
Conversion factor between mole and vol…
the calculation of chemical quantities in chemical reactions
-It helps us see relationships in chemical reactions... -It help…
1) Relative number of particles (atoms, molecules, formula un…
Molar Volume (22.4L/mol)
Stoichiometry
the calculation of chemical quantities in chemical reactions
Why is stoichiometry important?
-It helps us see relationships in chemical reactions... -It help…
18 terms
Stoichiometry
Subscript
Coefficient
Percent composition
Law of conservation of mass
A number in a chemical formula that tells the number of atoms…
A number in front of a chemical formula in an equation that i…
the percent by mass of each element in a compound
Lavoisier... Matter is neither created nor destroyed
Subscript
A number in a chemical formula that tells the number of atoms…
Coefficient
A number in front of a chemical formula in an equation that i…
23 terms
Stoichiometry
Subscript
Coefficient
Percent composition
Law of conservation of mass
A number in a chemical formula that tells the number of atoms…
A number in front of a chemical formula in an equation that i…
the percent by mass of each element in a compound
Lavoisier... Matter is neither created nor destroyed
Subscript
A number in a chemical formula that tells the number of atoms…
Coefficient
A number in front of a chemical formula in an equation that i…
23 terms
Stoichiometry
Subscript
Coefficient
Percent composition
Law of conservation of mass
A number in a chemical formula that tells the number of atoms…
A number in front of a chemical formula in an equation that i…
the percent by mass of each element in a compound
Lavoisier... Matter is neither created nor destroyed
Subscript
A number in a chemical formula that tells the number of atoms…
Coefficient
A number in front of a chemical formula in an equation that i…
21 terms
Stoichiometry
Subscript
Coefficient
Percent composition
Law of conservation of mass
A number in a chemical formula that tells the number of atoms…
A number in front of a chemical formula in an equation that i…
the percent by mass of each element in a compound
Lavoisier... Matter is neither created nor destroyed
Subscript
A number in a chemical formula that tells the number of atoms…
Coefficient
A number in front of a chemical formula in an equation that i…
11 terms
STOICHIOMETRY
STOICHIOMETRY
LIMITING REACTANT
ACTUAL YEILD
PERCENT YIELD
Calculations that relate quantities of substances.... The study…
Whatever substance you will run out of first ... Limits the amou…
Amount of a product that is really obtained from a chemical r…
Ratio of Actual Yield/Expected Yield
STOICHIOMETRY
Calculations that relate quantities of substances.... The study…
LIMITING REACTANT
Whatever substance you will run out of first ... Limits the amou…
16 terms
Stoichiometry
Gram formula mass
Molecular formula
Empirical Formula
Subscript
the mass of one mole of an ionic compound
A chemical formula that shows the number and kinds of atoms i…
a chemical formula showing the ratio of elements in a compoun…
A number in a chemical formula that tells the number of atoms…
Gram formula mass
the mass of one mole of an ionic compound
Molecular formula
A chemical formula that shows the number and kinds of atoms i…
15 terms
Stoichiometry
Mole
Stoichiometry
Molar mass
One mole of Oxygen
studies amounts of substances involved in reactions
mass in grams of one mole of a substance
16 grams
Mole
Stoichiometry
studies amounts of substances involved in reactions
31 terms
Stoichiometry
Alkaline
Beaker
Chemical
Chemical change
having a pH greater than 7
a cylindrical glass container used in a laboratory setting of…
an element or compound
a chemical reaction
Alkaline
having a pH greater than 7
Beaker
a cylindrical glass container used in a laboratory setting of…
Stoichiometry
Mass to mole
Volume to mole
Particles to mole
Mole to mole
1 mole = molar mass (g)
1 mole = 22.4 L @ STP
1 mole = 6.022•10 to the 23rd particle
Use coefficients from balances equations
Mass to mole
1 mole = molar mass (g)
Volume to mole
1 mole = 22.4 L @ STP
32 terms
Stoichiometry
Alkaline
Beaker
Chemical
Chemical change
having a pH greater than 7; in contrast to acidic
a cylindrical glass container used in a laboratory setting of…
an element or compound (related words: chemist, chemistry)
a chemical reaction; a process that changes substances into n…
Alkaline
having a pH greater than 7; in contrast to acidic
Beaker
a cylindrical glass container used in a laboratory setting of…
6 terms
Stoichiometry
Avogadro's Number
particles
mole
molar mass
6.02 x 10²³ particles
atoms or molecules
the SI base unit used to measure the amount of a substance wh…
the mass in grams of one mole of a substance
Avogadro's Number
6.02 x 10²³ particles
particles
atoms or molecules
16 terms
Stoichiometry
Stoichiometry
Law of conservation of mass
Stoichiometry
Rarely
Is the study of quantitative (numerical)relationships between…
What is stoichiometry based on?
You may use _____ to predict the amount of products formed in…
______ are reactant found in exact mole ratio amounts
Stoichiometry
Is the study of quantitative (numerical)relationships between…
Law of conservation of mass
What is stoichiometry based on?
Stoichiometry
how many moles of nitrogen are needed…
what mass of O2 is needed to react wit…
how many liters of oxygen are needed t…
How many grams of calcium are needed t…
2.67 moles of nitrogen
4NH3 + 7O2 -----> 4NO2 + 6H2o... 19.6 g of oxygen
2Ca+O2 ------> 2Ca0... 46.1 liters 0xygen
165 grams calcium
how many moles of nitrogen are needed…
2.67 moles of nitrogen
what mass of O2 is needed to react wit…
4NH3 + 7O2 -----> 4NO2 + 6H2o... 19.6 g of oxygen
5 terms
Stoichiometry
Zn+2HCl→ZnCl2 +H2... What volume of hydro…
N2+3H2→2NH3... What volume of NH3 at STP…
H2SO4 + 2NaOH → 2H2O + Na2SO4... How many…
2KCO3 → 2KCl + 3O2... If 5.0g of KClO3 is…
0.86LH2
40.0L NH3
1.7×10^22 molecules of H2O
1.4L O2
Zn+2HCl→ZnCl2 +H2... What volume of hydro…
0.86LH2
N2+3H2→2NH3... What volume of NH3 at STP…
40.0L NH3
5 terms
Stoichiometry
How to Balance Equations: Charges and…
How To Balance Equations: Charges and…
How to do Stoichiometry: Using Problem…
How to do Stoichiometry: Using Problem…
STEP 1: Find the charges of the elements... Mg=2+ CO3= 2- O= 2-…
STEP 1: Find the charges of the elements... Na= +1 PO4= 3- K= +1…
STEP 1: Set up equation diagram... Hint= g-mol-mol-g... TOP: 8g MgC…
STEP 1: Set up equation diagram... Hint= g-mol-mol... TOP: 24g Na3P…
How to Balance Equations: Charges and…
STEP 1: Find the charges of the elements... Mg=2+ CO3= 2- O= 2-…
How To Balance Equations: Charges and…
STEP 1: Find the charges of the elements... Na= +1 PO4= 3- K= +1…
19 terms
Stoichiometry
chemical stoichiometry
mass spectrometer
average atomic mass
mole
the calculation of the quantities of material consumed and pr…
an instrument used to determine the relative masses of atoms…
average mass for an element
the number equal to the number of carbon atoms in exactly 12…
chemical stoichiometry
the calculation of the quantities of material consumed and pr…
mass spectrometer
an instrument used to determine the relative masses of atoms…
Stoichiometry
Subscript
Coefficient
Law of conservation of mass
Mole
A number in a chemical formula that tells the number of atoms…
A number in front of a chemical formula in an equation that i…
Lavoisier... Matter is neither created nor destroyed
(physics and chemistry) the simplest structural unit of an el…
Subscript
A number in a chemical formula that tells the number of atoms…
Coefficient
A number in front of a chemical formula in an equation that i…
Stoichiometry
Subscript
Coefficient
Percent composition
Law of conservation of mass
A number in a chemical formula that tells the number of atoms…
A number in front of a chemical formula in an equation that i…
the percent by mass of each element in a compound
Lavoisier... Matter is neither created nor destroyed
Subscript
A number in a chemical formula that tells the number of atoms…
Coefficient
A number in front of a chemical formula in an equation that i…
26 terms
Stoichiometry
Stoichiometry
Mole
Gram
Reagent
_____ is the calculation of quantitative relationships of the…
The _____ is the SI base unit that measures an amount of subs…
Although the definition is more formal now, the _____ was ori…
A reactant or _____ is a substance consumed during a chemical…
Stoichiometry
_____ is the calculation of quantitative relationships of the…
Mole
The _____ is the SI base unit that measures an amount of subs…
20 terms
Stoichiometry
Subscript
Percent composition
Law of conservation of mass
Avogadro's Number
A number in a chemical formula that tells the number of atoms…
the percent by mass of each element in a compound
Lavoisier... Matter is neither created nor destroyed
number of representative particles in a mole, 6.02 X 10^23
Subscript
A number in a chemical formula that tells the number of atoms…
Percent composition
the percent by mass of each element in a compound
11 terms
Stoichiometry
Subscript
Coefficient
Law of conservation of mass
Mole
A number in a chemical formula that tells the number of atoms…
A number in front of a chemical formula in an equation that i…
Lavoisier... Matter is neither created nor destroyed
6.02 X 10^23 of a substance. Used in chemistry to match atoms…
Subscript
A number in a chemical formula that tells the number of atoms…
Coefficient
A number in front of a chemical formula in an equation that i…
13 terms
Stoichiometry
Subscript
Coefficient
Law of conservation of mass
Mole
A number in a chemical formula that tells the number of atoms…
A number in front of a chemical formula in an equation that i…
Lavoisier... Matter is neither created nor destroyed
(physics and chemistry) the simplest structural unit of an el…
Subscript
A number in a chemical formula that tells the number of atoms…
Coefficient
A number in front of a chemical formula in an equation that i…
28 terms
Stoichiometry
Law of Conservation of Mass
Conserve
Yield
Subscript
Matter cannot be created nor destroyed, only rearranged
To prevent from being lost or wasted
To produce or provide
Letter or number written below other letters/numbers; represe…
Law of Conservation of Mass
Matter cannot be created nor destroyed, only rearranged
Conserve
To prevent from being lost or wasted
41 terms
Stoichiometry
Avogadro's Number
Moles are related by..
Synthesis
Decomposition
6.02x 10^23
their amount in atomic mass- all makes up ONE mole!
two or more elements or compounds combine to make a more comp…
compounds break down into simpler substances... AB=A+B
Avogadro's Number
6.02x 10^23
Moles are related by..
their amount in atomic mass- all makes up ONE mole!
9 terms
stoichiometry
Coefficients
Mole Ratio
Molar mass
mass
moles of a substance
ratio between coefficients of two substances in a balanced ch…
mass of one mole of a substance
Amount of matter usually expressed in grams
Coefficients
moles of a substance
Mole Ratio
ratio between coefficients of two substances in a balanced ch…
19 terms
Stoichiometry
Avogadro's Number
Average Atomis Mass
Balancing a Chemical Equation
Chemical Equation
...
...
...
Avogadro's Number
Average Atomis Mass
...
14 terms
Stoichiometry
Molecular Formula
Avogadro's Number
Empirical Formula
Molar Mass
A formula that is an actual representation of how many atoms…
Number of representative particles in a mole, 6.02 X 10^23
A formula with the lowest whole-number ratio of elements in a…
The mass of one mole of a substance
Molecular Formula
A formula that is an actual representation of how many atoms…
Avogadro's Number
Number of representative particles in a mole, 6.02 X 10^23
Stoichiometry
Stoichiometry Map
Mole Ratio
1 mol
Stoichiometry
the coefficients in a balanced equation to represent the mole…
6.022 x 10^23 particles (p)
tells you what should happen in a reaction
Stoichiometry Map
Mole Ratio
the coefficients in a balanced equation to represent the mole…
STOICHIOMETRY
STOICHIOMETRY
LIMITING REACTANT
ACTUAL YIELD
PERCENT YIELD
Calculations that relate quantities of substances.... The study…
Whatever substance you will run out of first ... Limits the amou…
Amount of a product that is really obtained from a chemical r…
Ratio of Actual Yield/Expected Yield
STOICHIOMETRY
Calculations that relate quantities of substances.... The study…
LIMITING REACTANT
Whatever substance you will run out of first ... Limits the amou…
14 terms
Stoichiometry
Avogadro's number
molar mass
empirical formula
molecular formula
6.022 x 10^23 ... The number of particles (atoms) in 1 mole
the mass in grams of one mole of a substance
the formula of a compound expressed as the smallest possible…
the true formula representing the total number of atoms of ea…
Avogadro's number
6.022 x 10^23 ... The number of particles (atoms) in 1 mole
molar mass
the mass in grams of one mole of a substance
16 terms
Stoichiometry
3.09E23
17.1
487
54.4
CO2 + 4 H2 --> CH4 + 2 H2O... If 5.75 L of carbon dioxide reacts…
BaCl2 + 2 AgNO3 --> Ba(NO3)2 + 2 AgCl... If 10.5 grams of barium…
C3H8 + 5 O2 --> 3 CO2 + 4 H2O... If 4.36E24 molecules of propane…
2 Fe + 3 H2SO4 --> Fe2(SO4)3 + 3 H2... How many grams of iron ar…
3.09E23
CO2 + 4 H2 --> CH4 + 2 H2O... If 5.75 L of carbon dioxide reacts…
17.1
BaCl2 + 2 AgNO3 --> Ba(NO3)2 + 2 AgCl... If 10.5 grams of barium…
23 terms
Stoichiometry
Rj Cappuccio
Stoichiometry
Conversion for liters
Conversion for grams
PD A
(chemistry) the relation between the quantities of substances…
22.4 L/ 1mole
GFM of Elelement / 1mole
Rj Cappuccio
PD A
Stoichiometry
(chemistry) the relation between the quantities of substances…
6 terms
stoichiometry
stoichiometry
limiting reactant
excess reactant
percent yield
the study of the mathematical relationships between chemical…
the reactant that is used up in the reaction it "limits" how…
when all of the limiting reactant is gone, some of this is st…
a measure of the success of the reaction
stoichiometry
the study of the mathematical relationships between chemical…
limiting reactant
the reactant that is used up in the reaction it "limits" how…
stoichiometry
Subscript
Coefficient
Percent composition
Law of conservation of mass
A number in a chemical formula that tells the number of atoms…
A number in front of a chemical formula in an equation that i…
the percent by mass of each element in a compound
Lavoisier... Matter is neither created nor destroyed
Subscript
A number in a chemical formula that tells the number of atoms…
Coefficient
A number in front of a chemical formula in an equation that i…
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