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Study sets matching "stratospheric ozone depletion"

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Study sets matching "stratospheric ozone depletion"

27 terms
Stratospheric Ozone and Depletion
Tropospheric Ozone... - Oxidant that harm…
Stratospheric Ozone... - Critically impor…
Formation of Stratospheric Ozone Equat…
Formation of Stratospheric Ozone Equat…
respiratory systems; lung tissue; plants; ground level ozone;…
life; global sunscreen; uvb uvc
O2 + UV-light → 2O
O2 + O → O3
Tropospheric Ozone... - Oxidant that harm…
respiratory systems; lung tissue; plants; ground level ozone;…
Stratospheric Ozone... - Critically impor…
life; global sunscreen; uvb uvc
26 terms
Topic 5 Depletion of stratospheric ozone
What is Ozone
How is Ozone formed
Ozone in the stratospere
The UV Radiation
- The amount is small but vital... - Most is created over the eq…
- When rising oxygen reacts under the influence of sunlight... -…
- Ozone is constantly being destroyed and created. this is a…
UVA- Longer wavelength, relatively harmless... UVB- Medium wavel…
What is Ozone
- The amount is small but vital... - Most is created over the eq…
How is Ozone formed
- When rising oxygen reacts under the influence of sunlight... -…
15 terms
Lecture 23: Stratospheric Ozone Depletion
absorption coefficient
dose rate
action spectrum
erythemal action spectrum
measure of how strongly a molecule absorbs electromagnetic ra…
number of UV photons per unit time that lead to a specific bi…
relative efficiency with which UV photons at different wavele…
chart that describes the appearance of sunburn in humans
absorption coefficient
measure of how strongly a molecule absorbs electromagnetic ra…
dose rate
number of UV photons per unit time that lead to a specific bi…
20 terms
Air Pollution and Stratospheric Ozone Depletion
Air pollution
Natural Sources
Anthropogenic sources
Major Air Pollutants
Introduction of chemicals, particulate matter (PM), or micro…
Volcanos, forest fires, plants
On-road vehicles, industry, power plants
U.S. Clean Air Act categorizes these six as major air polluta…
Air pollution
Introduction of chemicals, particulate matter (PM), or micro…
Natural Sources
Volcanos, forest fires, plants
19 terms
Air Pollution and Stratospheric Ozone Depletion
AIR POLLUTION
ASBESTOS
CARBON MONOXIDE
CARBON DIOXIDE
contamination of air by smoke and harmful gases, mainly oxide…
a long, thin, fibrous silicate mineral with insulating proper…
a colorless, odorless, poisonous gas, CO, that burns with a p…
a colorless, odorless, incombustible gas, CO 2, present in th…
AIR POLLUTION
contamination of air by smoke and harmful gases, mainly oxide…
ASBESTOS
a long, thin, fibrous silicate mineral with insulating proper…
23 terms
Air pollution and the stratospheric ozone depletion
Particulate Matter
Air Pollutant
Primary Air Pollutant
Secondary Air Pollutant
Liquid or solid particles in the air
A material in the air that harms living things and nonliving…
A harmful chemical that enters the air directly
A harmful chemical that forms as a reaction between other che…
Particulate Matter
Liquid or solid particles in the air
Air Pollutant
A material in the air that harms living things and nonliving…
11 terms
Air Pollution and Stratospheric Ozone Depletion
Particulate Matter
Haze
Photochemical Oxidants
Volatile Organic Compound
Solid or liquid particles suspended in air; also known as par…
Reduced visibility
A class of air pollutants formed as a result of sunlight acti…
An organic compound that evaporates at typical atmospheric te…
Particulate Matter
Solid or liquid particles suspended in air; also known as par…
Haze
Reduced visibility
20 terms
Air Pollution and Stratospheric Ozone Depletion
Air polution
Ground level pollution
Tropospheric ozone
Haze
Air pollution is a mixture of solid particles and gases in th…
Ground-level ozone is a colorless and highly irritating gas t…
Ozone is a constituent of the troposphere. The troposphere ex…
A slight obscuration of the lower atmosphere, typically cause…
Air polution
Air pollution is a mixture of solid particles and gases in th…
Ground level pollution
Ground-level ozone is a colorless and highly irritating gas t…
18 terms
AOS 2 Stratospheric Ozone Depletion and the Ozone Hole
Chlorofluorocarbon molecules used in
1985
CFC's banned
ozone hole wont disappear
spray cans and refrigerators, led to depletion of ozone layer…
team of British scientists report ozone substantially thinnin…
1992
for another 2-3 decades b/c CFCs have residence time of 100yrs
Chlorofluorocarbon molecules used in
spray cans and refrigerators, led to depletion of ozone layer…
1985
team of British scientists report ozone substantially thinnin…
15 terms
Ch.15: Air Pollution and Stratospheric Ozone Depletion
Air pollution
ground-level pollution
The air pollution system has many ____…
output examples
The introduction of chemicals, particulate matter, or microor…
what tropospheric pollution is sometimes called
• inputs ... • outputs
vegetation, soil, and components of the atmosphere such as cl…
Air pollution
The introduction of chemicals, particulate matter, or microor…
ground-level pollution
what tropospheric pollution is sometimes called
15 terms
Chapter 15: Air Pollution and Stratospheric Ozone Depletion
Air pollution
Particulate matter (PM)
Haze
Photochemical oxidant
The introduction of chemicals, particulate matter, or microor…
Solid or liquid particles suspended in air
Reduced visibility
A class of air pollutants formed as a result of sunlight acti…
Air pollution
The introduction of chemicals, particulate matter, or microor…
Particulate matter (PM)
Solid or liquid particles suspended in air
45 terms
Chapter 15: Air Pollution and Stratospheric Ozone Depletion
air pollution
tropsphere
anthropogenic
big six air pollutants (as of 1970)
introduction of chemicals, particulate matter, or microorgani…
layer of the atmosphere where air pollution primarily occurs…
human-lead
SOx, NOx, CO, particulates, tropospheric ozone, lead
air pollution
introduction of chemicals, particulate matter, or microorgani…
tropsphere
layer of the atmosphere where air pollution primarily occurs…
13 terms
Chapter 15 - Air Pollution and Stratospheric Ozone Depletion
Air pollution
primary pollutant
secondary pollutant
VOCs
the introduction of chemicals, particulate matter, or microor…
A polluting compound that comes directly out of the smokestac…
A primary pollutant that has undergone transformation in the…
Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are emitted as gases from c…
Air pollution
the introduction of chemicals, particulate matter, or microor…
primary pollutant
A polluting compound that comes directly out of the smokestac…
24 terms
Chapter 15: Air Pollution and Stratospheric Ozone Depletion
Air pollution
Particulate matter (PM)
Particulates/Particles
Haze
Chemicals, particulate matter, or microorganisms enter the at…
Particulates or particles
Solid or liquid particles in the air... Ex. Comes from black smoke
Reduced visibility when the particulate matter of air polluti…
Air pollution
Chemicals, particulate matter, or microorganisms enter the at…
Particulate matter (PM)
Particulates or particles
16 terms
Chapter 15: Air Pollution and Stratospheric Ozone Depletion
Air pollution
Particulate matter (PM)
Photochemical oxidants
Smog
The introduction of chemicals, particulate matter, or microor…
Solid or liquid particles suspended in air; also known as par…
A class of air pollutants formed as a result of sunlight acti…
Mixture of oxidants and particulate matter, combination of th…
Air pollution
The introduction of chemicals, particulate matter, or microor…
Particulate matter (PM)
Solid or liquid particles suspended in air; also known as par…
40 terms
Chapter 15: Air Pollution and Stratospheric Ozone Depletion
air pollution
ground-level pollution
U.S. Clean Air Act of 1970
criteria air pollutants
Introduction of chemicals, particulate matter, or microorgani…
Tropospheric pollution; air pollution in the troposphere, the…
The list of the most common and/or significant air pollutants…
Pollutants, which can significantly threaten human well-being…
air pollution
Introduction of chemicals, particulate matter, or microorgani…
ground-level pollution
Tropospheric pollution; air pollution in the troposphere, the…
8 terms
Lecture 24: Stratospheric Ozone Depletion II
homogenous reactions
heterogeneous reactions
polar stratospheric clouds (PSC)
reactive chlorine
reactions between molecules that are in the gaseous phase
reactions that occur on a solid surface (e.g. particles)
formation of a collection of droplets that cause Antarctic ho…
Cl compounds that have the ability to catalyze ozone depletion
homogenous reactions
reactions between molecules that are in the gaseous phase
heterogeneous reactions
reactions that occur on a solid surface (e.g. particles)
Chapter 15: Air Pollution and Stratospheric Ozone Depletion
Air pollution
How can air pollution occur?
Major Air Pollutants
Sulfur Dioxide
the introduction of chemicals, particulate matter, or microor…
Naturally: volcanoes, fires, plants (release VOCs), lightning…
SO2, NO2, CO, Particulate matter, lead, ozone, VOCs, mercury,…
- Corrosive gas that comes from the combustion of fuels such…
Air pollution
the introduction of chemicals, particulate matter, or microor…
How can air pollution occur?
Naturally: volcanoes, fires, plants (release VOCs), lightning…
20 terms
Ch. 15 Air Pollution and Stratospheric Ozone Depletion
Sulfur dioxide
Nitrogen oxides
Carbon oxides
Particulate matter (PM) or particulate…
a corrosive gas that comes primarily from combustion of fuels…
generically designated NOx, with the X indicating that there…
a colorless, odorless gas that is formed during incomplete co…
solid or liquid particles suspended in air
Sulfur dioxide
a corrosive gas that comes primarily from combustion of fuels…
Nitrogen oxides
generically designated NOx, with the X indicating that there…
12 terms
ATM lecture 18 stratospheric Ozone Depletion
Formula for ozone formation
Formula for ozone depletion
Factors of ozone depletion
source sink model
O2 + light = O + O remember light breaks down O2... O + O2 = O3
O3 + O= 2O2 we basically get an oxygen removed form O3 which…
Cl... Br... Nitric Oxide (NO)... OH
source (O2) ------- stratosphere (O3) ------- sink
Formula for ozone formation
O2 + light = O + O remember light breaks down O2... O + O2 = O3
Formula for ozone depletion
O3 + O= 2O2 we basically get an oxygen removed form O3 which…
21 terms
EVS Exam 3- Stratospheric Ozone Depletion
What are the 3 types of UV rays? Which…
What is the Hartley Band?
Where is ozone most thin? When was it…
What are the main causes of ozone depl…
UV-A 320-400 nm completely penetrates ozone and reaches the g…
Range of UV that ozone absorbs. Ozone absorbs UV between 200…
most thin over Antarctica, largest in 2000. Occurs annually b…
CFCs, halons (bromine and chlorine), methyl bromide (pesticid…
What are the 3 types of UV rays? Which…
UV-A 320-400 nm completely penetrates ozone and reaches the g…
What is the Hartley Band?
Range of UV that ozone absorbs. Ozone absorbs UV between 200…
9 terms
ESPM 15: Lecture 13 Stratospheric Ozone Depletion
Why is Ozone between 15-35 km?
Chapman cycle
Step by Step (Chapman cycle)
Dominant chemical reactions involved i…
There are larger/balancing amounts of UV light absorbed at th…
Ozone is created naturally by combining atoms oxygen (O) with…
1.O2 + hv --> O + O solar radiation breaks apart O2 molecule…
UVC (ozone formation)= shortwave radiation ... UVB ( ozone deple…
Why is Ozone between 15-35 km?
There are larger/balancing amounts of UV light absorbed at th…
Chapman cycle
Ozone is created naturally by combining atoms oxygen (O) with…
39 terms
Chapter 15 Air Pollution and Stratospheric Ozone Depletion
Chattanooga, TN
air pollution
air is a global commons
US Clean Air Act
-Industrialization and being located between mountains caused…
the introduction of chemicals, particulate matter, or microor…
air from asia has been linked to cause acid rain on west coas…
-Control pollutants that are harmful to "human health and wel…
Chattanooga, TN
-Industrialization and being located between mountains caused…
air pollution
the introduction of chemicals, particulate matter, or microor…
9 terms
Chapter 15: Air Pollution and Stratospheric Ozone Depletion
Air pollution
Particulates
Photochemical oxidants
Smog
The introduction of chemicals, particulate matter, or microor…
Solid or liquid particles suspended air
A class of air pollutants formed as a result of sunlight acti…
A word derived by combining the words smoke and fog
Air pollution
The introduction of chemicals, particulate matter, or microor…
Particulates
Solid or liquid particles suspended air
33 terms
Chapter 15: Air Pollution and Stratospheric Ozone Depletion
Acid Rain/Deposition
Acid Shock
Asbestos
Atmospheric Brown Clouds
precipitation high in sulfuric acid and nitric acid from reac…
runoff that occurs when snow melts or after heavy rain; highl…
A long, thin, fibrous silicate mineral with insulating proper…
combination of particulate matter and ozone; result from burn…
Acid Rain/Deposition
precipitation high in sulfuric acid and nitric acid from reac…
Acid Shock
runoff that occurs when snow melts or after heavy rain; highl…
15 terms
Chapter 15: Air Pollution and Stratospheric Ozone Depletion
Air pollution
Particulate matter (PM)
Haze
Photochemical oxidant
The introduction of chemicals, particulate matter, or microor…
Solid or liquid particles suspended in air
Reduced visibility
A class of air pollutants formed as a result of sunlight acti…
Air pollution
The introduction of chemicals, particulate matter, or microor…
Particulate matter (PM)
Solid or liquid particles suspended in air
15 terms
Chapter 15: Air Pollution and Stratospheric Ozone Depletion
Air pollution
Particulate matter (PM)/ particulates/…
Haze
Photochemical oxidant
the introduction of chemicals, particulate matter, or microor…
Solid or liquid particles suspended in air
reduced visibility
a class of air pollutants formed as a result of sunlight acti…
Air pollution
the introduction of chemicals, particulate matter, or microor…
Particulate matter (PM)/ particulates/…
Solid or liquid particles suspended in air
15 terms
Ch. 15: Air Pollution & Stratospheric Ozone Depletion
Air pollution
Particulate matter (PM)
Haze
Photochemical oxidants
The introduction of chemicals, particulate matter, or microor…
Solid or liquid particles suspended in air; also known as par…
Reduced visibility
A class of air pollutants formed as a result of sunlight acti…
Air pollution
The introduction of chemicals, particulate matter, or microor…
Particulate matter (PM)
Solid or liquid particles suspended in air; also known as par…
15 terms
Chapter 15: Air Pollution and Stratospheric Ozone Depletion
air pollution
particulate matter (PM) (particulates)…
haze
photochemical oxidants
the introduction of chemicals, particulate matter, or microor…
solid or liquid particles suspended in air
reduced visibility caused by particulate matter from air poll…
a class of air pollutants formed as a result of sunlight acti…
air pollution
the introduction of chemicals, particulate matter, or microor…
particulate matter (PM) (particulates)…
solid or liquid particles suspended in air
16 terms
Chapter 15: Air Pollution and Stratospheric Ozone Depletion
air pollution
particulate matter (PM)
haze
photochemical oxidant
The introduction of chemicals, particulate matter, or microor…
Solid or liquid particles suspended in air.
Reduced visibility.
A class of air pollutants formed as a result of sunlight acti…
air pollution
The introduction of chemicals, particulate matter, or microor…
particulate matter (PM)
Solid or liquid particles suspended in air.
9 terms
Chapter 15- Air Pollution and Stratospheric Ozone Depletion
Air pollution
Particulates
Photochemical oxidants
Smog
The introduction of chemicals, particulate matter, or microor…
Solid or liquid particles suspended in the air
A class of air pollutants formed as a result of sunlight acti…
A word derived by combining the two words smoke and fo
Air pollution
The introduction of chemicals, particulate matter, or microor…
Particulates
Solid or liquid particles suspended in the air
22 terms
Chapter 15: Air Pollution and Stratospheric Ozone Depletion
Air Pollution
Ground-level Pollution
Particulate Matter (PM)
Haze
Introduction of chemicals, particulate matter, or microorgani…
Tropospheric pollution is sometimes called " "
Also called particulates or particles; Solid or liquid partic…
Also known as reduced visibility; Caused primarily when parti…
Air Pollution
Introduction of chemicals, particulate matter, or microorgani…
Ground-level Pollution
Tropospheric pollution is sometimes called " "
15 terms
Chapter 15 Air Pollution and Stratospheric Ozone Depletion
Air pollution
Particulate matter (PM)
Haze
Photochemical oxidant
The introduction of chemicals, particulate matter, or micro o…
Solid or liquid particles suspended in air also known as part…
Reduced visibility (522)
A class of air pollinates transformed as a result of sunlight…
Air pollution
The introduction of chemicals, particulate matter, or micro o…
Particulate matter (PM)
Solid or liquid particles suspended in air also known as part…
38 terms
Pollution, Stratospheric, Ozone Depletion and Climate Change
Primary Air Pollutants
Secondary Air Pollutants
Photochemical Smog
Industrial Smog
Harmful substance emitted directly into the atmosphere
Harmful substance formed in the atmosphere when a primary air…
Brownish-orange haze formed by chemical reactions involving s…
is a mixture of sulfur dioxide, droplets of sulfuric acid, an…
Primary Air Pollutants
Harmful substance emitted directly into the atmosphere
Secondary Air Pollutants
Harmful substance formed in the atmosphere when a primary air…
24 terms
Chapter 15 Air Pollution & Stratospheric Ozone Depletion
Air pollution
Particulate matter
Photochemical oxidants
Photochemical smog
the contamination of the atmosphere by the introduction of po…
Solid or liquid particles suspended in air
a class of air pollutants formed as a result of sunlight acti…
smog created by ozone
Air pollution
the contamination of the atmosphere by the introduction of po…
Particulate matter
Solid or liquid particles suspended in air
37 terms
Chapter 15- Air pollution/stratospheric ozone depletion
air pollution
six "criteria" air pollutants
sulfur dioxide
nitrogen oxides
the introduction of chemicals, particulate matter, or microor…
-sulfur dioxide... -nitrogen oxides... -carbon monoxides... -particula…
comes from combustion fuels such as oil and coal... respiratory…
caused by combustion of fossil fuels, forest fires, lightning…
air pollution
the introduction of chemicals, particulate matter, or microor…
six "criteria" air pollutants
-sulfur dioxide... -nitrogen oxides... -carbon monoxides... -particula…
15 terms
Chapter 15 "Air Pollution & Stratospheric Ozone Depletion"
air pollution
particulate matter
haze
photochemical oxidant
the introduction of chemicals, particulate matter, or microor…
solid or liquid particles suspended in air
reduced visability
a class of air pollutants formed as a result of sunlight acti…
air pollution
the introduction of chemicals, particulate matter, or microor…
particulate matter
solid or liquid particles suspended in air
19 terms
ESS- Topic 5- Depletion of Stratospheric Ozone
troposphere
stratosphere
mesosphere
thermosphere
What is the region 0-10km above sea level called?
What is the region 10-45km above sea level called?
What is the region 45-80km above sea level called?
What is the region 80-110km above sea level called?
troposphere
What is the region 0-10km above sea level called?
stratosphere
What is the region 10-45km above sea level called?
14 terms
Chapter 15: Air Pollution and Stratospheric Ozone Depletion
Air pollution
Particulate matter (PM)
Haze
Photochemical oxidants
The introduction of chemicals, particulate matter, or microor…
Solid or liquid particles suspended in the air. Commonly rele…
Reduced visibility due to particulate matter from air polluti…
A class of air pollutants formed as a result of sunlight acti…
Air pollution
The introduction of chemicals, particulate matter, or microor…
Particulate matter (PM)
Solid or liquid particles suspended in the air. Commonly rele…
38 terms
APES Air Pollution and Stratospheric Ozone Depletion
air pollution
anthropogenic
Sulfur Dioxide (SO2)
Nitrogen Oxides (NOx)
the introduction of chemicals, particulate matter, or microor…
air pollution that comes from sources such as cars and factor…
corrosive gas that comes from the combustion of fuels such as…
either NO (colorless, odorless gas) or NO2(pungent, reddish-b…
air pollution
the introduction of chemicals, particulate matter, or microor…
anthropogenic
air pollution that comes from sources such as cars and factor…
15 terms
Ch. 15 Air Pollution and Stratospheric Ozone Depletion
air pollution
particulate matter (PM)/ Particulates/…
haze
photochemical oxidant
intro of chemicals, particulate matter, or microorganisms int…
solid or liquid particles suspended in air
reduced visibility
class of air pollutants formed as a result of sunlight acting…
air pollution
intro of chemicals, particulate matter, or microorganisms int…
particulate matter (PM)/ Particulates/…
solid or liquid particles suspended in air
21 terms
Chapter 15: Air Pollution and Stratospheric Ozone Depletion
Air Pollution
Acid Deposition
Clean Air Act
Ambient Air
Concentration of trace substances such as carbon monoxide, su…
Acids deposited on Earth as rain and snow or as gases and par…
A United States federal law(created 1970) designed to control…
The air immediately around us.
Air Pollution
Concentration of trace substances such as carbon monoxide, su…
Acid Deposition
Acids deposited on Earth as rain and snow or as gases and par…
59 terms
Chapter 15: Air Pollution and Stratospheric Ozone Depletion
air pollution
ground-level pollution
U.S. Clean Air Act (1970)
criteria pollutants
the introduction of chemicals, particulate matter, or microor…
tropospheric pollution
identifies six pollutants that significantly threaten human w…
the six major air pollutants identified by the Clean Air Act
air pollution
the introduction of chemicals, particulate matter, or microor…
ground-level pollution
tropospheric pollution
29 terms
Air pollution and stratospheric ozone depletion Chp 15
Air pollution
Sulfur dioxide
Nitrogen oxides
Carbon oxide's
The introduction of chemicals, particulate matter, or micro o…
Coro save gas that comes primarily from combustion of fuels s…
Generically designated and no eggs with the X indicating that…
A colorless odorless gas that is formed during incomplete com…
Air pollution
The introduction of chemicals, particulate matter, or micro o…
Sulfur dioxide
Coro save gas that comes primarily from combustion of fuels s…
15 terms
Chapter 15: "Air Pollution and Stratospheric Ozone Depletion"
Air pollution
Particulate matter (PM)
Haze
Photochemical oxidant
The introduction of chemicals, particulate matter, or micro o…
Solid or liquid particles suspended in air also known as part…
Reduced visibility (522)
A class of air pollinates transformed as a result of sunlight…
Air pollution
The introduction of chemicals, particulate matter, or micro o…
Particulate matter (PM)
Solid or liquid particles suspended in air also known as part…
26 terms
15-Air Pollution and Stratospheric Ozone Depletion
Sulfur Dioxide
Nitrogen Oxide
Carbon Oxides
Particulate Matter
a corrosive gas that comes primarily from combustion of fuels…
formed from all combustion in the atmosphere; atmospheric nit…
-CO: colorless, odorless gas formed during incomplete combust…
(PM) solid or liquid particles suspended in air; aka particle…
Sulfur Dioxide
a corrosive gas that comes primarily from combustion of fuels…
Nitrogen Oxide
formed from all combustion in the atmosphere; atmospheric nit…
12 terms
Chapter 15: Air Pollution and Stratospheric Ozone Depletion
particulate matter
particulates
particles
haze
Solid or liquid particles suspended in air; also known as par…
See particulate matter (PM).
See particulate matter (PM).
Reduced visibility.
particulate matter
Solid or liquid particles suspended in air; also known as par…
particulates
See particulate matter (PM).
21 terms
Chapter 15: Air Pollution and Stratospheric Ozone Depletion
Air Pollution
Acid Deposition
Clean Air Act
Ambient Air
Concentration of trace substances such as carbon monoxide, su…
Acids deposited on Earth as rain and snow or as gases and par…
A United States federal law(created 1970) designed to control…
The air immediately around us.
Air Pollution
Concentration of trace substances such as carbon monoxide, su…
Acid Deposition
Acids deposited on Earth as rain and snow or as gases and par…
38 terms
APES Air Pollution and Stratospheric Ozone Depletion
air pollution
anthropogenic
Sulfur Dioxide (SO2)
Nitrogen Oxides (NOx)
the introduction of chemicals, particulate matter, or microor…
air pollution that comes from sources such as cars and factor…
corrosive gas that comes from the combustion of fuels such as…
either NO (colorless, odorless gas) or NO2(pungent, reddish-b…
air pollution
the introduction of chemicals, particulate matter, or microor…
anthropogenic
air pollution that comes from sources such as cars and factor…
9 terms
Ch 15 Air Pollution & Stratosphere Ozone Depletion
Air pollution
India/China
Air pollution inputs
Air pollution outputs
Something in the atmosphere that can cause harm to living thi…
Where is the worst air quality found?
Dust, forest fires, pollen
Acid rain
Air pollution
Something in the atmosphere that can cause harm to living thi…
India/China
Where is the worst air quality found?
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