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Study sets matching "structure and function cells biology 1"

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Study sets matching "structure and function cells biology 1"

36 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
36 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
31 terms
Biology- Cell Structure and Function
cell
cell theory
cell membrane
nucleus
Basic unit of life
..., idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells…
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
Control center of the cell. Contains DNA.
cell
Basic unit of life
cell theory
..., idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells…
Cell Biology: Cell Structure and Function
Cells
Basic Cellular Structure
Plasma Membrane
Nucleus
Are the smallest units having the complex organization, metab…
Plasma Membrane, Nucleus, Cytoplasm
This outermost membrane of a cell separates internal metaboli…
This membrane-bound compartment contains hereditary instructi…
Cells
Are the smallest units having the complex organization, metab…
Basic Cellular Structure
Plasma Membrane, Nucleus, Cytoplasm
49 terms
Biology EOC Cat.1: Cell Structure and Function
prokaryote
eukaryote
components of bacteria
plant cell
type of cell without membrane bound organelles
type of cell with membrane bound organelles
contains circular DNA, cell wall, cell membrane, cytoplasm, c…
contains DNA, nucleus, cell membrane, cell wall, organelles,…
prokaryote
type of cell without membrane bound organelles
eukaryote
type of cell with membrane bound organelles
13 terms
-Biology Cell Structure and Function 1
Mitochondria
Ribosomes
Vacuoles
Lysosomes
Where cell respiration occurs
Makes proteins
Storage... Storage
An organelle containing digestive enzymes
Mitochondria
Where cell respiration occurs
Ribosomes
Makes proteins
23 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
32 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
30 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
prokaryotic cell
eukaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell that has a nucleus and other membrane-bound organelles.
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
41 terms
Cell Biology: Cell Structure and Function
Cells
Basic Cellular Structure
Plasma Membrane
Nucleus
Are the smallest units having the complex organization, metab…
Plasma Membrane, Nucleus, Cytoplasm
This outermost membrane of a cell separates internal metaboli…
This membrane-bound compartment contains hereditary instructi…
Cells
Are the smallest units having the complex organization, metab…
Basic Cellular Structure
Plasma Membrane, Nucleus, Cytoplasm
30 terms
Biology - cell structure and function
The size of a cell is limited by
The volume of a cell increase faster t…
Compound light microscope
Zacharias Jansen and his father Hans w…
surface area-to volume ratio
materials enter and leave the cell and if they become too lar…
uses light rays focused on glass lenses.
Compound microscope
The size of a cell is limited by
surface area-to volume ratio
The volume of a cell increase faster t…
materials enter and leave the cell and if they become too lar…
9 terms
Biology - Cell Structure Function
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
Cytoplasm
Vacuole
Membrane that surrounds the cytoplasm of the cell. It control…
Encloses the entire plant cell, including cell membrane. It p…
Part between the cell membrane and the nucleus. It is where c…
Fluid-filled space enclosed by a membrane, storing vital subs…
Cell Membrane
Membrane that surrounds the cytoplasm of the cell. It control…
Cell Wall
Encloses the entire plant cell, including cell membrane. It p…
22 terms
Biology 1: Cell Structure and Function
Cytoskeleton
Endoplasmic Recticulum (rough)
Centrioles
Cell Membrane
A network of fibers that holds the cell together, helps the c…
assembles proteins and lipids. involved in the synthesis of p…
Cell organelle that aids in cell division in animal cells only
A cell structure that controls which substances can enter or…
Cytoskeleton
A network of fibers that holds the cell together, helps the c…
Endoplasmic Recticulum (rough)
assembles proteins and lipids. involved in the synthesis of p…
79 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
36 terms
Biology- Cell Structure & Function
cell
cell theory
nucleus
eukaryote
collection of living matter enclosed by a barrier, the basic…
idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells are…
the structure which contains the cell's genetic material (DNA…
organism whose cells contain nuclei
cell
collection of living matter enclosed by a barrier, the basic…
cell theory
idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells are…
35 terms
Biology - Cell Structure & Function
cell
cell theory
plasma membrane
eukaryotic cell
The basic structural and functional unit of all organisms.
The theory that cells form the fundamental structural and fun…
Also known as the cell membrane; the cells outer boundary; co…
Cell that has a nucleus and other membrane-bound organelles.
cell
The basic structural and functional unit of all organisms.
cell theory
The theory that cells form the fundamental structural and fun…
12 terms
Biology Cell Structure and Function
Nucleus
Vacoules and vesicles
Lysosomes
Cytoskeleton
contains DNA... Found in: Plant and Animal cells
Store materials.... Found in: Plant and Animal cells
Break down and recycle macro-molecules.... Found in: Plant and…
Maintains cell shape; moves cell parts; helps cells move.... Fo…
Nucleus
contains DNA... Found in: Plant and Animal cells
Vacoules and vesicles
Store materials.... Found in: Plant and Animal cells
31 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
27 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
function of the cell membrane
function of the nucleus
function of mitochondria
function of the cytoskeleton
acts as a barrier to the outside of the cell, and controls wh…
holds the genetic information (chromosomes), and controls the…
The "cellular power plants". Takes in nutrients, breaks them…
organizes and maintains the cell shape
function of the cell membrane
acts as a barrier to the outside of the cell, and controls wh…
function of the nucleus
holds the genetic information (chromosomes), and controls the…
54 terms
Biology cell structure and function
____ is the organelle in an animal cel…
one function of the cell wall is to pr…
all eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells a…
the nucleus sends instructions for pro…
mitochondria
structure and protection
cell membrane
ribosomes
____ is the organelle in an animal cel…
mitochondria
one function of the cell wall is to pr…
structure and protection
58 terms
Biology - Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cell theory
cell theory
Robert Hooke
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells
theory that states that all cells are produced by other livin…
theory that states that and the cell is the basic unit of life
first to observe cells by looking at dead cork cells and gave…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells
cell theory
theory that states that all cells are produced by other livin…
41 terms
Cell Biology: Cell Structure and Function
Cells
Basic Cellular Structure
Plasma Membrane
Nucleus
Are the smallest units having the complex organization, metab…
Plasma Membrane, Nucleus, Cytoplasm
This outermost membrane of a cell separates internal metaboli…
This membrane-bound compartment contains hereditary instructi…
Cells
Are the smallest units having the complex organization, metab…
Basic Cellular Structure
Plasma Membrane, Nucleus, Cytoplasm
Biology Cell Structure and Function
cell
cell theory
cell membrane
nucleus
Basic unit of life
..., idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells…
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
Control center of the cell. Contains DNA.
cell
Basic unit of life
cell theory
..., idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells…
36 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cell
cell theory
prokaryotic cell
eukaryotic cell
basic unit of life
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
A microscopic single-celled organism, including bacteria and…
A cell that contains a nucleus and membrane bound organelles;…
cell
basic unit of life
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
34 terms
1 Cell Structure and Function Biology EOC
List the 3 parts to the cell theory
What is cell specialization?
List the levels of organization starti…
Describe at least 3 major differences…
All living cells are made out of one or more cells.... All livin…
cells are made for a certain job needed to carry out life.
Cell, tissue, organ, organ system, organ
prokaryotic cells are smaller... - Eukaryotic cells have a nucle…
List the 3 parts to the cell theory
All living cells are made out of one or more cells.... All livin…
What is cell specialization?
cells are made for a certain job needed to carry out life.
18 terms
BASIS 6.1 BIOLOGY - Cell Structure and Function
1st part of the cell theory
2nd part of the cell theory
3rd part of the cell theory
Mitochondria
All organisms are composed of one or more cells
The cell is the basic unit of life in all living things
All cells come from existing cells
The "power plant" of cell. Breaks down glucose (sugar) to mak…
1st part of the cell theory
All organisms are composed of one or more cells
2nd part of the cell theory
The cell is the basic unit of life in all living things
16 terms
Cell Structures/Functions--Biology
Lysosome
Mitochondria
Nucleus
Ribosome
breaks down substances
produces energy
contains DNA
makes proteins
Lysosome
breaks down substances
Mitochondria
produces energy
137 terms
Biology structure and function of the cell
Cells
Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen
Cells
Cytology
The smallest unit of matter that can carry on all the process…
Cells are made from chemical elements such as ____,____,___,…
All living things are made from one or more ________
The study of cells
Cells
The smallest unit of matter that can carry on all the process…
Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen
Cells are made from chemical elements such as ____,____,___,…
34 terms
Cell Structure and Function 1
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
62 terms
Biology Cell Structure and Function: Test 1
What is an Element?
Major Elements of life
What is a molecule?
What is a compound?
Basic substance, cannot be divided into a simpler substance
C,H,O,N ... They are the lightest and capable of forming stronge…
Substance composed of 2+ atoms ... Ex: O2
Substance composed of 2+ different atoms ... Ex: H20
What is an Element?
Basic substance, cannot be divided into a simpler substance
Major Elements of life
C,H,O,N ... They are the lightest and capable of forming stronge…
15 terms
Cell Structure and Function Biology
cytoplasm
smooth endoplasmic reticulum
rough endoplasmic reticulum
nucleus
A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
part of the endoplasmic reticulum that contains enzymes used…
System of internal membranes within the cytoplasm. Membranes…
A part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
cytoplasm
A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
smooth endoplasmic reticulum
part of the endoplasmic reticulum that contains enzymes used…
22 terms
Cell Biology Week 1: Cell Structure and Function
Centro
Chloro
Cili
Cyto
The centre (centrosome: material present in the cytoplasm of…
Green (Chloroplast: the site of photosynthesis in plants and…
Hair (Cilium: a short hair-like cellular appendage with a mic…
Cell (cytology, cytokinesis, monocyte, cytosol: a semifluid m…
Centro
The centre (centrosome: material present in the cytoplasm of…
Chloro
Green (Chloroplast: the site of photosynthesis in plants and…
36 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
36 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
40 terms
biology: cell structure and functions
all organisms are made of 1 or more ce…
phospholipids, cholesterol, proteins
controls what enters and leaves the cell
selectively permeable
state the cell theory.
what are cell membranes made of?
what is the cell membrane's function?
what do we call membranes that allow certain molecules to pas…
all organisms are made of 1 or more ce…
state the cell theory.
phospholipids, cholesterol, proteins
what are cell membranes made of?
Biology - Cell Structure and Function
How was the discovery of the cell poss…
Robert Hooke
Anton Van Leeuwenhoek
Matthias Schleiden
Microscope
(1) used compound microscope... (2) called them cells because th…
invented the single-lens microscope
plants are made up of cells
How was the discovery of the cell poss…
Microscope
Robert Hooke
(1) used compound microscope... (2) called them cells because th…
91 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function Review
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Golgi Apparatus
Jelly- like substance found in cells where the organelles flo…
'Brain' of the cell; stores DNA; contains chromosomes.
Stores RNA; where ribosomes are made.
Membrane-bound structure with a single membrane. It packages…
Cytoplasm
Jelly- like substance found in cells where the organelles flo…
Nucleus
'Brain' of the cell; stores DNA; contains chromosomes.
10 terms
Biology Cell Structure and Function
Engulf
Expel
Diffusion
Selectively Permeable
to embrace; surround; take in by flowing over
To force out; eject
Movement of molecules down a concentration gradient
Membranes that allow only certain substances to move through…
Engulf
to embrace; surround; take in by flowing over
Expel
To force out; eject
72 terms
BIOLOGY Cell Structure and Function
Robert Hooke
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
Matthias Schleiden
First person to describe cells. He called the CELLS because t…
Made his own microscope to study many different kinds of cell…
The FATHER OF THE MICROSCOPE. He looked at pond scum.
First person to study plant cells under microscope and conclu…
Robert Hooke
First person to describe cells. He called the CELLS because t…
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
Made his own microscope to study many different kinds of cell…
41 terms
Cell Biology: Cell Structure and Function
Cells
Basic Cellular Structure
Plasma Membrane
Nucleus
Are the smallest units having the complex organization, metab…
Plasma Membrane, Nucleus, Cytoplasm
This outermost membrane of a cell separates internal metaboli…
This membrane-bound compartment contains hereditary instructi…
Cells
Are the smallest units having the complex organization, metab…
Basic Cellular Structure
Plasma Membrane, Nucleus, Cytoplasm
52 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
chloroplast
lysosome
nuclear envelope
cell wall
performs photosynthesis, organelle, only in plant cells but i…
remove/break down waste, organelle, in all animals and very r…
protects DNA and nucleus from cytoplasm
in all and only plants cells, supports plant cells, outside c…
chloroplast
performs photosynthesis, organelle, only in plant cells but i…
lysosome
remove/break down waste, organelle, in all animals and very r…
29 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
16 terms
Biology Exam 1: Cell Structure and Function
organelles
flagella
endoplasmic reticulum
chloroplast
any of a number of organized or specialized structures within…
a slender threadlike structure, especially a microscopic whip…
a network of membranous tubules within the cytoplasm of a euk…
a plastic in green plant cells which contains chlorophyll and…
organelles
any of a number of organized or specialized structures within…
flagella
a slender threadlike structure, especially a microscopic whip…
16 terms
Cell Structure and Function (Biology)
Prokaryotes
Eukaryotes
Cell wall
Nucleus
Are relatively simple organisms. But they carry out every act…
Some _______ are single-celled, many are large, multi cellula…
Are found in many organisms, like plants, algae, fungi, etc.…
Controls most cell processes and contains the hereditary info…
Prokaryotes
Are relatively simple organisms. But they carry out every act…
Eukaryotes
Some _______ are single-celled, many are large, multi cellula…
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
eukaryotic cell
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell that has a nucleus and other membrane-bound organelles.
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
organelle
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
Biology Structure and Function of Cells
Purines
Pyrimidines
SDS-PAGE
Bradford Assay
Adenine & Guanine
Thymine & Cytosine
The process by which you organize proteins by size, which is…
The process by which you know the quantity of a present prote…
Purines
Adenine & Guanine
Pyrimidines
Thymine & Cytosine
33 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cell
cell theory
cell membrane
nucleus
basic unit of life
The theory that all living things are made of cells, that cel…
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
in cells, structure that contains the cell's genetic material…
cell
basic unit of life
cell theory
The theory that all living things are made of cells, that cel…
11 terms
biology:CELL STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION
cytoplasm
mitochondrion
smooth ER
rough ER
The jelly-like fluid that fills a cell is called cytoplasm. I…
Mitochondria are known as the powerhouses of the cell. They a…
The smooth endoplasmic reticulum, or smooth ER, is an organel…
The rough endoplasmic reticulum (ER) performs several crucial…
cytoplasm
The jelly-like fluid that fills a cell is called cytoplasm. I…
mitochondrion
Mitochondria are known as the powerhouses of the cell. They a…
30 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
organelle "little organs"
prokaryotic cell
eukaryotic cell
states that all organisms are made of cells, all cells are pr…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell that enclose DNA in nuclei --- has a nucleus and other m…
cell theory
states that all organisms are made of cells, all cells are pr…
organelle "little organs"
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
16 terms
Cell Structures/Functions--Biology
Lysosome
Mitochondria
Nucleus
Ribosome
breaks down substances
produces energy
contains DNA
makes proteins
Lysosome
breaks down substances
Mitochondria
produces energy
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