Study sets matching "structure and function cells biology 1"

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Study sets matching "structure and function cells biology 1"

36 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
collective term for the fluid and structures within the cell…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
collective term for the fluid and structures within the cell…
Biology- Cell Structure and Function
cell
cell theory
cell membrane
nucleus
Basic unit of life
..., idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells…
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
Control center of the cell. Contains DNA.
cell
Basic unit of life
cell theory
..., idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells…
36 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
Cell Biology: Cell Structure and Function
Cells
Basic Cellular Structure
Plasma Membrane
Nucleus
Are the smallest units having the complex organization, metab…
Plasma Membrane, Nucleus, Cytoplasm
This outermost membrane of a cell separates internal metaboli…
This membrane-bound compartment contains hereditary instructi…
Cells
Are the smallest units having the complex organization, metab…
Basic Cellular Structure
Plasma Membrane, Nucleus, Cytoplasm
49 terms
Biology EOC Cat.1: Cell Structure and Function
prokaryote
eukaryote
components of bacteria
plant cell
type of cell without membrane bound organelles
type of cell with membrane bound organelles
contains circular DNA, cell wall, cell membrane, cytoplasm, c…
contains DNA, nucleus, cell membrane, cell wall, organelles,…
prokaryote
type of cell without membrane bound organelles
eukaryote
type of cell with membrane bound organelles
-Biology Cell Structure and Function 1
Mitochondria
Ribosomes
Vacuoles
Lysosomes
Where cell respiration occurs
Makes proteins
Storage... Storage
An organelle containing digestive enzymes
Mitochondria
Where cell respiration occurs
Ribosomes
Makes proteins
41 terms
Cell Biology: Cell Structure and Function
Cells
Basic Cellular Structure
Plasma Membrane
Nucleus
Are the smallest units having the complex organization, metab…
Plasma Membrane, Nucleus, Cytoplasm
This outermost membrane of a cell separates internal metaboli…
This membrane-bound compartment contains hereditary instructi…
Cells
Are the smallest units having the complex organization, metab…
Basic Cellular Structure
Plasma Membrane, Nucleus, Cytoplasm
31 terms
Biology- Cell Structure and Function
cell
cell theory
cell membrane
nucleus
Basic unit of life
..., idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells…
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
Control center of the cell. Contains DNA.
cell
Basic unit of life
cell theory
..., idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells…
32 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
23 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
30 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
prokaryotic cell
eukaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell that has a nucleus and other membrane-bound organelles.
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
30 terms
Biology - cell structure and function
The size of a cell is limited by
The volume of a cell increase faster t…
Compound light microscope
Zacharias Jansen and his father Hans w…
surface area-to volume ratio
materials enter and leave the cell and if they become too lar…
uses light rays focused on glass lenses.
Compound microscope
The size of a cell is limited by
surface area-to volume ratio
The volume of a cell increase faster t…
materials enter and leave the cell and if they become too lar…
Biology 1: Cell Structure and Function
Cytoskeleton
Endoplasmic Recticulum (rough)
Centrioles
Cell Membrane
A network of fibers that holds the cell together, helps the c…
assembles proteins and lipids. involved in the synthesis of p…
Cell organelle that aids in cell division in animal cells only
A cell structure that controls which substances can enter or…
Cytoskeleton
A network of fibers that holds the cell together, helps the c…
Endoplasmic Recticulum (rough)
assembles proteins and lipids. involved in the synthesis of p…
35 terms
Biology - Cell Structure & Function
cell
cell theory
plasma membrane
eukaryotic cell
The basic structural and functional unit of all organisms.
The theory that cells form the fundamental structural and fun…
Also known as the cell membrane; the cells outer boundary; co…
Cell that has a nucleus and other membrane-bound organelles.
cell
The basic structural and functional unit of all organisms.
cell theory
The theory that cells form the fundamental structural and fun…
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
127 terms
Biology- Cells Structure and function
Animal Cell Parts (STUDY DIAGRAM)
Plant Cell Parts (STUDY DIAGRAM)
Smooth vs. Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum
Prokaryotic
Nucleus? Yes... Cytoplasm? Yes... Cell/Plasma Membrane? Yes... Cell Wa…
Nucleus? Yes... Cytoplasm? Yes... Cell/Plasma Membrane? Yes... Cell Wa…
Rough: Associated with ribosomes (manufactures proteins for t…
No nucleus
Animal Cell Parts (STUDY DIAGRAM)
Nucleus? Yes... Cytoplasm? Yes... Cell/Plasma Membrane? Yes... Cell Wa…
Plant Cell Parts (STUDY DIAGRAM)
Nucleus? Yes... Cytoplasm? Yes... Cell/Plasma Membrane? Yes... Cell Wa…
41 terms
Cell Biology: Cell Structure and Function
Cells
Basic Cellular Structure
Plasma Membrane
Nucleus
Are the smallest units having the complex organization, metab…
Plasma Membrane, Nucleus, Cytoplasm
This outermost membrane of a cell separates internal metaboli…
This membrane-bound compartment contains hereditary instructi…
Cells
Are the smallest units having the complex organization, metab…
Basic Cellular Structure
Plasma Membrane, Nucleus, Cytoplasm
52 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
chloroplast
lysosome
nuclear envelope
cell wall
performs photosynthesis, organelle, only in plant cells but i…
remove/break down waste, organelle, in all animals and very r…
protects DNA and nucleus from cytoplasm
in all and only plants cells, supports plant cells, outside c…
chloroplast
performs photosynthesis, organelle, only in plant cells but i…
lysosome
remove/break down waste, organelle, in all animals and very r…
31 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
Biology cell structure and function
____ is the organelle in an animal cel…
one function of the cell wall is to pr…
all eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells a…
the nucleus sends instructions for pro…
mitochondria
structure and protection
cell membrane
ribosomes
____ is the organelle in an animal cel…
mitochondria
one function of the cell wall is to pr…
structure and protection
Biology - Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cell theory
cell theory
Robert Hooke
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells
theory that states that all cells are produced by other livin…
theory that states that and the cell is the basic unit of life
first to observe cells by looking at dead cork cells and gave…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells
cell theory
theory that states that all cells are produced by other livin…
Biology Cell Structure and Function
cell
cell theory
cell membrane
nucleus
Basic unit of life
..., idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells…
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
Control center of the cell. Contains DNA.
cell
Basic unit of life
cell theory
..., idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells…
34 terms
1 Cell Structure and Function Biology EOC
List the 3 parts to the cell theory
What is cell specialization?
List the levels of organization starti…
Describe at least 3 major differences…
All living cells are made out of one or more cells.... All livin…
cells are made for a certain job needed to carry out life.
Cell, tissue, organ, organ system, organ
prokaryotic cells are smaller... - Eukaryotic cells have a nucle…
List the 3 parts to the cell theory
All living cells are made out of one or more cells.... All livin…
What is cell specialization?
cells are made for a certain job needed to carry out life.
9 terms
Biology - Cell Structure Function
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
Cytoplasm
Vacuole
Membrane that surrounds the cytoplasm of the cell. It control…
Encloses the entire plant cell, including cell membrane. It p…
Part between the cell membrane and the nucleus. It is where c…
Fluid-filled space enclosed by a membrane, storing vital subs…
Cell Membrane
Membrane that surrounds the cytoplasm of the cell. It control…
Cell Wall
Encloses the entire plant cell, including cell membrane. It p…
27 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
function of the cell membrane
function of the nucleus
function of mitochondria
function of the cytoskeleton
acts as a barrier to the outside of the cell, and controls wh…
holds the genetic information (chromosomes), and controls the…
The "cellular power plants". Takes in nutrients, breaks them…
organizes and maintains the cell shape
function of the cell membrane
acts as a barrier to the outside of the cell, and controls wh…
function of the nucleus
holds the genetic information (chromosomes), and controls the…
Biology: Cell Structure and Function Review
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Golgi Apparatus
Jelly- like substance found in cells where the organelles flo…
'Brain' of the cell; stores DNA; contains chromosomes.
Stores RNA; where ribosomes are made.
Membrane-bound structure with a single membrane. It packages…
Cytoplasm
Jelly- like substance found in cells where the organelles flo…
Nucleus
'Brain' of the cell; stores DNA; contains chromosomes.
33 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cell
cell theory
cell membrane
nucleus
basic unit of life
The theory that all living things are made of cells, that cel…
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
in cells, structure that contains the cell's genetic material…
cell
basic unit of life
cell theory
The theory that all living things are made of cells, that cel…
BASIS 6.1 BIOLOGY - Cell Structure and Function
1st part of the cell theory
2nd part of the cell theory
3rd part of the cell theory
Mitochondria
All organisms are composed of one or more cells
The cell is the basic unit of life in all living things
All cells come from existing cells
The "power plant" of cell. Breaks down glucose (sugar) to mak…
1st part of the cell theory
All organisms are composed of one or more cells
2nd part of the cell theory
The cell is the basic unit of life in all living things
36 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cell
cell theory
prokaryotic cell
eukaryotic cell
basic unit of life
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
A microscopic single-celled organism, including bacteria and…
A cell that contains a nucleus and membrane bound organelles;…
cell
basic unit of life
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
43 terms
Biology cell structure and function
cell membrane
cytoplasm
chloroplast
nucleus
encloses cell and controls what enters and leaves the cell
to suspend the organelles or transport
manufacture food in green plant cells
control center/ brain of cell, controls all cell activity
cell membrane
encloses cell and controls what enters and leaves the cell
cytoplasm
to suspend the organelles or transport
137 terms
Biology structure and function of the cell
Cells
Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen
Cells
Cytology
The smallest unit of matter that can carry on all the process…
Cells are made from chemical elements such as ____,____,___,…
All living things are made from one or more ________
The study of cells
Cells
The smallest unit of matter that can carry on all the process…
Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen
Cells are made from chemical elements such as ____,____,___,…
Biology Exam 1: Cell Structure and Function
organelles
flagella
endoplasmic reticulum
chloroplast
any of a number of organized or specialized structures within…
a slender threadlike structure, especially a microscopic whip…
a network of membranous tubules within the cytoplasm of a euk…
a plastic in green plant cells which contains chlorophyll and…
organelles
any of a number of organized or specialized structures within…
flagella
a slender threadlike structure, especially a microscopic whip…
34 terms
Biology: Unit 1, Module 3 - Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
29 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
selectively permeable
eukaryote
osmosis
organelle
A property of cell membranes that allows some substances to p…
A cell that contains a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membrane
A tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function wi…
selectively permeable
A property of cell membranes that allows some substances to p…
eukaryote
A cell that contains a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Biology- Cell Structure and Function
cell
cell theory
cell membrane
nucleus
Basic unit of life
..., idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells…
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
Control center of the cell. Contains DNA.
cell
Basic unit of life
cell theory
..., idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells…
16 terms
Biology Exam 1: Cell Structure and Function
organelles
flagella
endoplasmic reticulum
chloroplast
a membrane-bound compartment or structure in a cell that perf…
long, slender, threadlike, whip-like extension of certain cel…
a membrane-bounded organelle that occurs as labyrinthine, int…
chlorophyll-containing plastid found within the cells of plan…
organelles
a membrane-bound compartment or structure in a cell that perf…
flagella
long, slender, threadlike, whip-like extension of certain cel…
16 terms
Cell Structures/Functions--Biology
Lysosome
Mitochondria
Nucleus
Ribosome
breaks down substances
produces energy
contains DNA
makes proteins
Lysosome
breaks down substances
Mitochondria
produces energy
Biology Cell Structure and Function: Test 1
What is an Element?
Major Elements of life
What is a molecule?
What is a compound?
Basic substance, cannot be divided into a simpler substance
C,H,O,N ... They are the lightest and capable of forming stronge…
Substance composed of 2+ atoms ... Ex: O2
Substance composed of 2+ different atoms ... Ex: H20
What is an Element?
Basic substance, cannot be divided into a simpler substance
Major Elements of life
C,H,O,N ... They are the lightest and capable of forming stronge…
34 terms
Cell Structure and Function 1
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
31 terms
Biology Cell Structure and Function 1 and 2
Principles of Cell Theory
Prokaryotic Cells
Eukaryotic Cells
Examples of Prokaryotic Cells
• cells are the most basic unit of life ... •all cells are produ…
surrounded by a membrane contains cytoplasm, and does not con…
surrounded by a membrane, and have a nucleus and membrane bou…
bacteria and archaea
Principles of Cell Theory
• cells are the most basic unit of life ... •all cells are produ…
Prokaryotic Cells
surrounded by a membrane contains cytoplasm, and does not con…
22 terms
Cell Biology Week 1: Cell Structure and Function
Centro
Chloro
Cili
Cyto
The centre (centrosome: material present in the cytoplasm of…
Green (Chloroplast: the site of photosynthesis in plants and…
Hair (Cilium: a short hair-like cellular appendage with a mic…
Cell (cytology, cytokinesis, monocyte, cytosol: a semifluid m…
Centro
The centre (centrosome: material present in the cytoplasm of…
Chloro
Green (Chloroplast: the site of photosynthesis in plants and…
37 terms
Cell Biology: Cell Structure and Function
Cells
Plasma Membrane
Nucleus
Cytoplasm
Are the smallest units having the complex organization, metab…
This outermost membrane of a cell separates internal metaboli…
This membrane-bound compartment contains hereditary instructi…
Everything enclosed by the plasma membrane, except for the nu…
Cells
Are the smallest units having the complex organization, metab…
Plasma Membrane
This outermost membrane of a cell separates internal metaboli…
72 terms
BIOLOGY Cell Structure and Function
Robert Hooke
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
Matthias Schleiden
First person to describe cells. He called the CELLS because t…
Made his own microscope to study many different kinds of cell…
The FATHER OF THE MICROSCOPE. He looked at pond scum.
First person to study plant cells under microscope and conclu…
Robert Hooke
First person to describe cells. He called the CELLS because t…
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
Made his own microscope to study many different kinds of cell…
26 terms
Biology - Cells structure and function
Ribosomes (Structure)
Ribosomes (Function)
Cytoskeleton (Structure)
Cytoskeleton (Function)
(prokaryote and eukaryote): Two subunits made of RNA and prot…
(prokaryote and eukaryote): Site of polypeptide synthesis (th…
(prokaryote and eukaryote): A filamentous scaffolding within…
(prokaryote and eukaryote): Provides internal structure and m…
Ribosomes (Structure)
(prokaryote and eukaryote): Two subunits made of RNA and prot…
Ribosomes (Function)
(prokaryote and eukaryote): Site of polypeptide synthesis (th…
12 terms
Biology Cell Structure and Function
Nucleus
Vacoules and vesicles
Lysosomes
Cytoskeleton
contains DNA... Found in: Plant and Animal cells
Store materials.... Found in: Plant and Animal cells
Break down and recycle macro-molecules.... Found in: Plant and…
Maintains cell shape; moves cell parts; helps cells move.... Fo…
Nucleus
contains DNA... Found in: Plant and Animal cells
Vacoules and vesicles
Store materials.... Found in: Plant and Animal cells
biology: cell structure & function
spontaneous generation
Louis Pasteur
prokaryotic cells
eukaryotic cells
ancient belief that some forms of life come from non-living m…
put broth in flask with long neck that was bent so air can en…
no nucleus, no membrane-bound organelles, mainly bacteria cel…
have a nucleus, have membrane-bound organelles, found in all…
spontaneous generation
ancient belief that some forms of life come from non-living m…
Louis Pasteur
put broth in flask with long neck that was bent so air can en…
Biology- Chapter 7- Cell Structure and Function
cell
cell theory
cell membrane
nucleus
Basic unit of life
..., idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells…
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
Control center of the cell. Contains DNA.
cell
Basic unit of life
cell theory
..., idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells…
29 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
Biology Cell Structure and Function
Flattened sac in a chloroplast
Basic unit of life
Group of cells that carry out a specif…
Part of the cytoplasm
Thylakoid
Cell
Tissue
Cytosol
Flattened sac in a chloroplast
Thylakoid
Basic unit of life
Cell
Cell Structure and Function (Biology)
Prokaryotes
Eukaryotes
Cell wall
Nucleus
Are relatively simple organisms. But they carry out every act…
Some _______ are single-celled, many are large, multi cellula…
Are found in many organisms, like plants, algae, fungi, etc.…
Controls most cell processes and contains the hereditary info…
Prokaryotes
Are relatively simple organisms. But they carry out every act…
Eukaryotes
Some _______ are single-celled, many are large, multi cellula…
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