Study sets matching "structure and function cells science biology"

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Study sets matching "structure and function cells science biology"

36 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
collective term for the fluid and structures within the cell…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
collective term for the fluid and structures within the cell…
Biology- Cell Structure and Function
cell
cell theory
cell membrane
nucleus
Basic unit of life
..., idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells…
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
Control center of the cell. Contains DNA.
cell
Basic unit of life
cell theory
..., idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells…
36 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
Cell Biology: Cell Structure and Function
Cells
Basic Cellular Structure
Plasma Membrane
Nucleus
Are the smallest units having the complex organization, metab…
Plasma Membrane, Nucleus, Cytoplasm
This outermost membrane of a cell separates internal metaboli…
This membrane-bound compartment contains hereditary instructi…
Cells
Are the smallest units having the complex organization, metab…
Basic Cellular Structure
Plasma Membrane, Nucleus, Cytoplasm
41 terms
Cell Biology: Cell Structure and Function
Cells
Basic Cellular Structure
Plasma Membrane
Nucleus
Are the smallest units having the complex organization, metab…
Plasma Membrane, Nucleus, Cytoplasm
This outermost membrane of a cell separates internal metaboli…
This membrane-bound compartment contains hereditary instructi…
Cells
Are the smallest units having the complex organization, metab…
Basic Cellular Structure
Plasma Membrane, Nucleus, Cytoplasm
31 terms
Biology- Cell Structure and Function
cell
cell theory
cell membrane
nucleus
Basic unit of life
..., idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells…
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
Control center of the cell. Contains DNA.
cell
Basic unit of life
cell theory
..., idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells…
32 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
23 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
30 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
prokaryotic cell
eukaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell that has a nucleus and other membrane-bound organelles.
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
30 terms
Biology - cell structure and function
The size of a cell is limited by
The volume of a cell increase faster t…
Compound light microscope
Zacharias Jansen and his father Hans w…
surface area-to volume ratio
materials enter and leave the cell and if they become too lar…
uses light rays focused on glass lenses.
Compound microscope
The size of a cell is limited by
surface area-to volume ratio
The volume of a cell increase faster t…
materials enter and leave the cell and if they become too lar…
35 terms
Biology - Cell Structure & Function
cell
cell theory
plasma membrane
eukaryotic cell
The basic structural and functional unit of all organisms.
The theory that cells form the fundamental structural and fun…
Also known as the cell membrane; the cells outer boundary; co…
Cell that has a nucleus and other membrane-bound organelles.
cell
The basic structural and functional unit of all organisms.
cell theory
The theory that cells form the fundamental structural and fun…
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
127 terms
Biology- Cells Structure and function
Animal Cell Parts (STUDY DIAGRAM)
Plant Cell Parts (STUDY DIAGRAM)
Smooth vs. Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum
Prokaryotic
Nucleus? Yes... Cytoplasm? Yes... Cell/Plasma Membrane? Yes... Cell Wa…
Nucleus? Yes... Cytoplasm? Yes... Cell/Plasma Membrane? Yes... Cell Wa…
Rough: Associated with ribosomes (manufactures proteins for t…
No nucleus
Animal Cell Parts (STUDY DIAGRAM)
Nucleus? Yes... Cytoplasm? Yes... Cell/Plasma Membrane? Yes... Cell Wa…
Plant Cell Parts (STUDY DIAGRAM)
Nucleus? Yes... Cytoplasm? Yes... Cell/Plasma Membrane? Yes... Cell Wa…
31 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
41 terms
Cell Biology: Cell Structure and Function
Cells
Basic Cellular Structure
Plasma Membrane
Nucleus
Are the smallest units having the complex organization, metab…
Plasma Membrane, Nucleus, Cytoplasm
This outermost membrane of a cell separates internal metaboli…
This membrane-bound compartment contains hereditary instructi…
Cells
Are the smallest units having the complex organization, metab…
Basic Cellular Structure
Plasma Membrane, Nucleus, Cytoplasm
52 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
chloroplast
lysosome
nuclear envelope
cell wall
performs photosynthesis, organelle, only in plant cells but i…
remove/break down waste, organelle, in all animals and very r…
protects DNA and nucleus from cytoplasm
in all and only plants cells, supports plant cells, outside c…
chloroplast
performs photosynthesis, organelle, only in plant cells but i…
lysosome
remove/break down waste, organelle, in all animals and very r…
Biology cell structure and function
____ is the organelle in an animal cel…
one function of the cell wall is to pr…
all eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells a…
the nucleus sends instructions for pro…
mitochondria
structure and protection
cell membrane
ribosomes
____ is the organelle in an animal cel…
mitochondria
one function of the cell wall is to pr…
structure and protection
Biology - Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cell theory
cell theory
Robert Hooke
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells
theory that states that all cells are produced by other livin…
theory that states that and the cell is the basic unit of life
first to observe cells by looking at dead cork cells and gave…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells
cell theory
theory that states that all cells are produced by other livin…
Biology Cell Structure and Function
cell
cell theory
cell membrane
nucleus
Basic unit of life
..., idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells…
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
Control center of the cell. Contains DNA.
cell
Basic unit of life
cell theory
..., idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells…
9 terms
Biology - Cell Structure Function
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
Cytoplasm
Vacuole
Membrane that surrounds the cytoplasm of the cell. It control…
Encloses the entire plant cell, including cell membrane. It p…
Part between the cell membrane and the nucleus. It is where c…
Fluid-filled space enclosed by a membrane, storing vital subs…
Cell Membrane
Membrane that surrounds the cytoplasm of the cell. It control…
Cell Wall
Encloses the entire plant cell, including cell membrane. It p…
27 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
function of the cell membrane
function of the nucleus
function of mitochondria
function of the cytoskeleton
acts as a barrier to the outside of the cell, and controls wh…
holds the genetic information (chromosomes), and controls the…
The "cellular power plants". Takes in nutrients, breaks them…
organizes and maintains the cell shape
function of the cell membrane
acts as a barrier to the outside of the cell, and controls wh…
function of the nucleus
holds the genetic information (chromosomes), and controls the…
Biology: Cell Structure and Function Review
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Golgi Apparatus
Jelly- like substance found in cells where the organelles flo…
'Brain' of the cell; stores DNA; contains chromosomes.
Stores RNA; where ribosomes are made.
Membrane-bound structure with a single membrane. It packages…
Cytoplasm
Jelly- like substance found in cells where the organelles flo…
Nucleus
'Brain' of the cell; stores DNA; contains chromosomes.
34 terms
Biology (Science 1): Chapter 3 - Cell Structure and Function
Cell Theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
Cell Theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
33 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cell
cell theory
cell membrane
nucleus
basic unit of life
The theory that all living things are made of cells, that cel…
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
in cells, structure that contains the cell's genetic material…
cell
basic unit of life
cell theory
The theory that all living things are made of cells, that cel…
36 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cell
cell theory
prokaryotic cell
eukaryotic cell
basic unit of life
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
A microscopic single-celled organism, including bacteria and…
A cell that contains a nucleus and membrane bound organelles;…
cell
basic unit of life
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
43 terms
Biology cell structure and function
cell membrane
cytoplasm
chloroplast
nucleus
encloses cell and controls what enters and leaves the cell
to suspend the organelles or transport
manufacture food in green plant cells
control center/ brain of cell, controls all cell activity
cell membrane
encloses cell and controls what enters and leaves the cell
cytoplasm
to suspend the organelles or transport
137 terms
Biology structure and function of the cell
Cells
Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen
Cells
Cytology
The smallest unit of matter that can carry on all the process…
Cells are made from chemical elements such as ____,____,___,…
All living things are made from one or more ________
The study of cells
Cells
The smallest unit of matter that can carry on all the process…
Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen
Cells are made from chemical elements such as ____,____,___,…
29 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
selectively permeable
eukaryote
osmosis
organelle
A property of cell membranes that allows some substances to p…
A cell that contains a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membrane
A tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function wi…
selectively permeable
A property of cell membranes that allows some substances to p…
eukaryote
A cell that contains a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Biology- Cell Structure and Function
cell
cell theory
cell membrane
nucleus
Basic unit of life
..., idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells…
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
Control center of the cell. Contains DNA.
cell
Basic unit of life
cell theory
..., idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells…
16 terms
Cell Structures/Functions--Biology
Lysosome
Mitochondria
Nucleus
Ribosome
breaks down substances
produces energy
contains DNA
makes proteins
Lysosome
breaks down substances
Mitochondria
produces energy
16 terms
Science - Cell structure and Function
Nucleus
Cell Wall
Cell Membrane
Mitochondria
controls all function in a cell. contains genetic material (D…
support and strength, prevents water loss (H2O)
controls substances that move into and out of cells
provides energy with cellular respiration
Nucleus
controls all function in a cell. contains genetic material (D…
Cell Wall
support and strength, prevents water loss (H2O)
23 terms
NLNPAX: Science: Biology - Cell Structure and Function
cell
nucleus
DNA
plasma (cell) membrane
the smallest living unit and the basic unit of function and s…
contains genetic information (DNA) and controls the activitie…
deoxyribonucleic acid; genetic information
semipermeable membrane that separates the contents of the cel…
cell
the smallest living unit and the basic unit of function and s…
nucleus
contains genetic information (DNA) and controls the activitie…
37 terms
Cell Biology: Cell Structure and Function
Cells
Plasma Membrane
Nucleus
Cytoplasm
Are the smallest units having the complex organization, metab…
This outermost membrane of a cell separates internal metaboli…
This membrane-bound compartment contains hereditary instructi…
Everything enclosed by the plasma membrane, except for the nu…
Cells
Are the smallest units having the complex organization, metab…
Plasma Membrane
This outermost membrane of a cell separates internal metaboli…
14 terms
Science Biology Revision - Cell Structure & Function
Cell Wall (cellulose)
Cell Membrane
Nucleus
Nuclear Membrane (envelope)
Provides and Structural support for plant cells
Outer lining of the cell inside the cell wall.... Controls the e…
Double bound membrane that holds the DNA for the cell
Surrounds the nucleus.... Contains pores that control intake & e…
Cell Wall (cellulose)
Provides and Structural support for plant cells
Cell Membrane
Outer lining of the cell inside the cell wall.... Controls the e…
Cell Biology: Cell Structure and Function
Cells
Basic Cellular Structure
Plasma Membrane
Nucleus
Are the smallest units having the complex organization, metab…
Plasma Membrane, Nucleus, Cytoplasm
This outermost membrane of a cell separates internal metaboli…
This membrane-bound compartment contains hereditary instructi…
Cells
Are the smallest units having the complex organization, metab…
Basic Cellular Structure
Plasma Membrane, Nucleus, Cytoplasm
72 terms
BIOLOGY Cell Structure and Function
Robert Hooke
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
Matthias Schleiden
First person to describe cells. He called the CELLS because t…
Made his own microscope to study many different kinds of cell…
The FATHER OF THE MICROSCOPE. He looked at pond scum.
First person to study plant cells under microscope and conclu…
Robert Hooke
First person to describe cells. He called the CELLS because t…
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
Made his own microscope to study many different kinds of cell…
26 terms
Biology - Cells structure and function
Ribosomes (Structure)
Ribosomes (Function)
Cytoskeleton (Structure)
Cytoskeleton (Function)
(prokaryote and eukaryote): Two subunits made of RNA and prot…
(prokaryote and eukaryote): Site of polypeptide synthesis (th…
(prokaryote and eukaryote): A filamentous scaffolding within…
(prokaryote and eukaryote): Provides internal structure and m…
Ribosomes (Structure)
(prokaryote and eukaryote): Two subunits made of RNA and prot…
Ribosomes (Function)
(prokaryote and eukaryote): Site of polypeptide synthesis (th…
Biology- Chapter 7- Cell Structure and Function
cell
cell theory
cell membrane
nucleus
Basic unit of life
..., idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells…
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
Control center of the cell. Contains DNA.
cell
Basic unit of life
cell theory
..., idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells…
12 terms
Biology Cell Structure and Function
Nucleus
Vacoules and vesicles
Lysosomes
Cytoskeleton
contains DNA... Found in: Plant and Animal cells
Store materials.... Found in: Plant and Animal cells
Break down and recycle macro-molecules.... Found in: Plant and…
Maintains cell shape; moves cell parts; helps cells move.... Fo…
Nucleus
contains DNA... Found in: Plant and Animal cells
Vacoules and vesicles
Store materials.... Found in: Plant and Animal cells
29 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
Cell Structure and Function (Biology)
Prokaryotes
Eukaryotes
Cell wall
Nucleus
Are relatively simple organisms. But they carry out every act…
Some _______ are single-celled, many are large, multi cellula…
Are found in many organisms, like plants, algae, fungi, etc.…
Controls most cell processes and contains the hereditary info…
Prokaryotes
Are relatively simple organisms. But they carry out every act…
Eukaryotes
Some _______ are single-celled, many are large, multi cellula…
Biology- Cell Structure and Function
cell
cell theory
cell membrane
nucleus
Basic unit of life
..., idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells…
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
Control center of the cell. Contains DNA.
cell
Basic unit of life
cell theory
..., idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells…
Science - Cell structure and Function
cell
cell theory
nucleus
cell membrane
collection of living matter enclosed by a barrier that separa…
idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells are…
the center of the atom which contains the protons and neutron…
thin barrier made up of phospholipids that helps maintain hom…
cell
collection of living matter enclosed by a barrier that separa…
cell theory
idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells are…
46 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cells
cell theory
cell membrane
nucleus
the basic units of life
a fundamental concept of biology that states:... 1) all living t…
a thin flexible barrier that surrounds all cells
a large membrane-enclosed structure that contains genetic mat…
cells
the basic units of life
cell theory
a fundamental concept of biology that states:... 1) all living t…
Biology Cell Structure and Function
Flattened sac in a chloroplast
Basic unit of life
Group of cells that carry out a specif…
Part of the cytoplasm
Thylakoid
Cell
Tissue
Cytosol
Flattened sac in a chloroplast
Thylakoid
Basic unit of life
Cell
11 terms
Biology Cell Structure and Function
Cell Membrane
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum
Ribosomes
Golgi Apparatus
Regulates what enters and leaves the cell
Where ribosomes do their work and where proteins are made
Build the proteins
Prepares protein for use or export
Cell Membrane
Regulates what enters and leaves the cell
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum
Where ribosomes do their work and where proteins are made
15 terms
Cell Structure and Function Biology
cytoplasm
smooth endoplasmic reticulum
rough endoplasmic reticulum
nucleus
A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
part of the endoplasmic reticulum that contains enzymes used…
System of internal membranes within the cytoplasm. Membranes…
A part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
cytoplasm
A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
smooth endoplasmic reticulum
part of the endoplasmic reticulum that contains enzymes used…
Biology cell structure and function
Robert Hook
Mattias schlieden
Thomas Schwann
Cell theory number one
1665 then the structures cell because they look like the smal…
All plants are made up of cells
All animals are made up of cells(zoologist)
All living things are made up of one or more cells
Robert Hook
1665 then the structures cell because they look like the smal…
Mattias schlieden
All plants are made up of cells
Biology - Cell Structure and Function
Prokaryotic Cells
Eukaryotic Cells
Four major groups of the function of o…
Nucleus
Unspecialised cell that does not contain membrane bound organ…
Specialised and well organised cell. Larger than prokaryotic…
Manufacture of chemicals + breakdown of materials + energy pr…
Contains chromosomes which consist of DNA and protein. Stores…
Prokaryotic Cells
Unspecialised cell that does not contain membrane bound organ…
Eukaryotic Cells
Specialised and well organised cell. Larger than prokaryotic…
Biology Cell Structure and Function
vesicle
nuclear envelope
plastids
chloroplasts
small structure within a cell, consisting of fluid enclosed b…
double lipid bilayer membrane which surrounds the genetic mat…
any of a class of small organelles, such as chloroplasts, in…
large bean shaped organelle with two membranes; location for…
vesicle
small structure within a cell, consisting of fluid enclosed b…
nuclear envelope
double lipid bilayer membrane which surrounds the genetic mat…
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