Study sets matching "structure and function chapter 5 large biological"

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Study sets matching "structure and function chapter 5 large biological"

58 terms
Chapter 5: The Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
Macromolecules
Polymer
Monomers
Enzymes
A very large organic molecule composed of many smaller molecu…
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
Building blocks of polymers
Catalysts for chemical reactions in living things
Macromolecules
A very large organic molecule composed of many smaller molecu…
Polymer
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
Chapter 5 - Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
DNA and RNA bases
Draw a Nucleotide
Nucleic Acid Polymer
Nucleic Acid Monomer
DNA- ATCG... RNA- AUCG
phosphate, sugar, and base
polynucleotides
nucleotides
DNA and RNA bases
DNA- ATCG... RNA- AUCG
Draw a Nucleotide
phosphate, sugar, and base
55 terms
Chapter 5: Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
macromolecule
polymer
monomer
condensation reaction
A giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
long molecule consisting of many similar or identical buildin…
repeating units that serve as the building blocks of a polymer
A reaction in which two molecules become covalently bonded to…
macromolecule
A giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
polymer
long molecule consisting of many similar or identical buildin…
78 terms
Chapter 5: The structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
Macromolecule
Polymer
Monomer
Dehydration Reaction
A large molecule that is composed of thousands of covalently…
A long molecule consisting of many similar building blocks.
A small building-block molecule.
Occurs when two monomers bond together through the loss of a…
Macromolecule
A large molecule that is composed of thousands of covalently…
Polymer
A long molecule consisting of many similar building blocks.
40 terms
Chapter 5: Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
macromolecules
polymer
monomers
enzymes
A giant molecule in a living organism formed by the joining o…
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
repeating units that serve as the building blocks of a polymer
specialized macromolecules that speed up chemical reactions i…
macromolecules
A giant molecule in a living organism formed by the joining o…
polymer
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
Chapter 5: Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
polymer
monomers
enzymes
dehydration reaction
long molecule made up of similar or identical monomers linked…
subunit that serves as building block of a polymer
increases rate of a reaction without being consumed by reaction
2 molecules become covalently bonded to each other with remov…
polymer
long molecule made up of similar or identical monomers linked…
monomers
subunit that serves as building block of a polymer
58 terms
Chapter 5: The Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
What are the classes of the large mole…
macromolecule
Polymer
Monomer
1. Carbohydrates... 2. Proteins... 3. Nucleic acids... 5. Lipids
Giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules, us…
Long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monomer…
Subunits that serve as the building blocks of proteins, carbo…
What are the classes of the large mole…
1. Carbohydrates... 2. Proteins... 3. Nucleic acids... 5. Lipids
macromolecule
Giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules, us…
Chapter 5: The Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
Polymer
Monomer
Dehydration reaction
Hydrolysis
A long molecule consisting of many similar building blocks
The repeating units that serve as building blocks
Occurs when two monomers bond together through the loss of a…
Adds a water molecule, breaking a bond; Polymers are... disassem…
Polymer
A long molecule consisting of many similar building blocks
Monomer
The repeating units that serve as building blocks
Chapter 5 Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
Hydrolysis
Dehydration
Disaccarides
Monosaccharide
Breaking down a polymer
Synthesizing a polymer
2 Monosaccharide put together
These are the simplest form of carbohydrates. They consist of…
Hydrolysis
Breaking down a polymer
Dehydration
Synthesizing a polymer
Chapter 5 Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
Macromolecules
Polymer
Enzymes
Dehydration Reaction
Big molecules
A long molecule consisting of many similar identical building…
Specialized macromolecules that speed up chemical reactions
Loss of water molecule, to form a bond to form a linkage
Macromolecules
Big molecules
Polymer
A long molecule consisting of many similar identical building…
Chapter 5- Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
Macromolecules
Polymers
Dehydration reactions
Hydrolysis
A giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
Long molecules consisting of many similar or identical buildi…
Chemical reaction when 2 monomers are covalently linked toget…
Reverse of a dehydration reaction. *Water is used to break a…
Macromolecules
A giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
Polymers
Long molecules consisting of many similar or identical buildi…
56 terms
Chapter 5: The Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
macromolecules
polymer
monomers
enzymes
carbohydrates, proteins and nucleic acids
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
repeating units that serve as the building blocks of a polymer
specialized macromolecules that speed up chemical reactions
macromolecules
carbohydrates, proteins and nucleic acids
polymer
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
83 terms
Chapter 5: The Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
macromolecules
polymer
monomers
enzymes
A giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
The repeating units that serve as the building blocks of a po…
specialized macromolecules that speed up chemical reactions.
macromolecules
A giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
polymer
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
Chapter 5 - The Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
Classes of Macromolecules
Polymers
Dehydration Reaction
Hydrolysis
Polysaccharides ... Proteins ... Nucleic Acids ... Lipids
A large molecule consisting of many identical or similar smal…
Used to make the different classes of macromolecules (two mon…
Macromolecules are degraded by this reverse reaction.
Classes of Macromolecules
Polysaccharides ... Proteins ... Nucleic Acids ... Lipids
Polymers
A large molecule consisting of many identical or similar smal…
62 terms
Chapter 5 - The Structure and function of Large Biological Molecules
macromolecules
polymer
monomers
enzymes
members of carbohydrates, proteins, and nucleic acids that ar…
large molecule consisting of many similar or identical buildi…
small, repeating units that serve as the building blocks of a…
specialized macromolecules that speed up chemical reactions
macromolecules
members of carbohydrates, proteins, and nucleic acids that ar…
polymer
large molecule consisting of many similar or identical buildi…
Chapter 5: The Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
macromolecules
monomers
enzymes
dehydration reaction
huge molecules called polymers, built from monomers
similar or identical building block molecules that make up po…
specialized macromolecules designed to catalyze, or speed u…
process by which an enzyme can covalently bond two molecules…
macromolecules
huge molecules called polymers, built from monomers
monomers
similar or identical building block molecules that make up po…
45 terms
Chapter 5: The structure and function of large biological molecules
macromolecules
polymer
monomer
condensation/dehydration reaction
huge molecules including carbohydrates, nucleic acids and pro…
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
the repeating units that serve as the building blocks of poly…
when two monomers are covalently bonded to each other and giv…
macromolecules
huge molecules including carbohydrates, nucleic acids and pro…
polymer
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
chapter 5: structure and function of large biological molecules
polymer
monomer
dehydration reaction
hydrolysis
long molecule that contains subunits
subunit within polymer
process in which polymers are synthesized and created
the process in which polymers are broken down
polymer
long molecule that contains subunits
monomer
subunit within polymer
26 terms
Chapter 5: Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
Aldose (Aldehyde Sugar)
Ketose (Ketone Sugar)
Maltose
Sucrose
sugar with carboxyl group on END
sugar with carboxyl group in MIDDLE
disaccharide made from 2 glucose
disaccharide made from a glucose and a fructose
Aldose (Aldehyde Sugar)
sugar with carboxyl group on END
Ketose (Ketone Sugar)
sugar with carboxyl group in MIDDLE
Chapter 5: The Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
macromolecules
polymer
monomers
enzymes
A giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
The repeating units that serve as the building blocks of a po…
specialized macromolecules that speed up chemical reactions.
macromolecules
A giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
polymer
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
46 terms
Chapter 5: The Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
Carbohydrates... Lipids... Proteins... Nucleic…
Monosaccharides... (such as glucose)
Fatty Acids and Glycerol
Amino Acids
What are the 4 classes or groups of biomolecules?
Monomers of carbohydrates are ____.
Monomers of lipids are ____.
Monomers of proteins are ____.
Carbohydrates... Lipids... Proteins... Nucleic…
What are the 4 classes or groups of biomolecules?
Monosaccharides... (such as glucose)
Monomers of carbohydrates are ____.
Chapter 5: Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
all living things are made up of 4 cla…
macromolecules
synthesizing and breaking a polymer
proteins
carbs... lipids... proteins... nucleic acids
polymers built from monomers... polymer: a long molecule consist…
synthesize: dehydration ... dehydration removes a H2O molecule,…
biologically functional molecule that consists of one or more…
all living things are made up of 4 cla…
carbs... lipids... proteins... nucleic acids
macromolecules
polymers built from monomers... polymer: a long molecule consist…
The Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules (Chapter 5)
carbohydrates
macromolecules
polymers
monomer
storage or building material (protection) ... function determine…
carbs, proteins, and nucleic acids ... size and complexity
series of chemically joined monomers
single molecule that has the ability to join together with ot…
carbohydrates
storage or building material (protection) ... function determine…
macromolecules
carbs, proteins, and nucleic acids ... size and complexity
Chapter 5: The Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
antiparallel
chitin
catalyst
double helix
Referring to the arrangement of the sugar-phosphate backbones…
A structural polysaccharide, consisting of amino sugar monome…
A chemical agent that selectively increases the rate of a rea…
The form of native DNA, referring to its two adjacent antipar…
antiparallel
Referring to the arrangement of the sugar-phosphate backbones…
chitin
A structural polysaccharide, consisting of amino sugar monome…
Chapter 5: Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
polymer
monomers
Three of the four types of large biolo…
The fourth type of large biological mo…
a long molecule consisting of many similar building blocks
small building-block molecules
-Polysaccharides... -Proteins... -Nucleic Acids
Lipids
polymer
a long molecule consisting of many similar building blocks
monomers
small building-block molecules
46 terms
Chapter 5 The structure and function of large biological molecules
Polymer
Dehydration reaction
Hydrolysis
Carbohydrates
long molecule consisting of many similar or identical buildin…
occurs when two monomers bond together through the loss of a…
Polymers are disassembled to monomers by this, a reaction tha…
Include sugars and the polymers of sugars
Polymer
long molecule consisting of many similar or identical buildin…
Dehydration reaction
occurs when two monomers bond together through the loss of a…
Chapter 5 - the structure and function of large biological molecules
macromolecules
polymer
monomers
enzymes
large molecules that are important for life. eg proteins and…
a long chain-like molecule that consists of many similar or i…
small molecules that are the repeating units/serve as the bui…
specialized macromolecules that speed up chemical reactions
macromolecules
large molecules that are important for life. eg proteins and…
polymer
a long chain-like molecule that consists of many similar or i…
Chapter 5: The Structure and function of Large Biological Molecules
Dehydration Reactions
Hydrolysis
Monomers
Polymers
The formation of organic molecules by deletion of water molec…
The dissolution of organic molecules by addition of water mol…
A molecule that can be bonded to other identical molecules to…
A long chain molecule of smaller units called monomers
Dehydration Reactions
The formation of organic molecules by deletion of water molec…
Hydrolysis
The dissolution of organic molecules by addition of water mol…
47 terms
Chapter 5: The Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
Macromolecules:
Polymer: (Macromolecule)
Monomers:
Dehydration synthesis (Condensation re…
Large molecules composed of thousands of covalently connected…
A long molecule consisting of many similar building blocks
Small building block molecules
Occurs when two (2) monomers bond together through the loss o…
Macromolecules:
Large molecules composed of thousands of covalently connected…
Polymer: (Macromolecule)
A long molecule consisting of many similar building blocks
47 terms
CHAPTER 5: THE STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION OF LARGE BIOLOGICAL MOLECULES
four main macromolecules
polymer
monomers
enzymes
carbohydrates... lipids... proteins... nucleic acids
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
the repeating units that serve as the building blocks of a po…
specialized macromolecules that speed up chemical reactions,…
four main macromolecules
carbohydrates... lipids... proteins... nucleic acids
polymer
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
115 terms
Chapter 5: The Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
Dehydration Reaction
Hydrolysis Reaction
Marcomolecules
Polymers
Carbohydrates, proteins, and nucleic acids due to their size…
Carbohydrates, proteins, and nucleic acids, but not lipids are:
Dehydration Reaction
Hydrolysis Reaction
82 terms
Chapter 5: The Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and n…
carbohydrates, proteins, and nucleic a…
polymer
monomers
the molecules of life
3/4 of the molecules of life are called "macromolecules." lis…
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
units that serve as the building blocks of a polymer
carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and n…
the molecules of life
carbohydrates, proteins, and nucleic a…
3/4 of the molecules of life are called "macromolecules." lis…
Chapter 5: The Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
four main macromolecules
macromolecules
alcohol dehydrogenase
polymers
lipids... carbohydrates... proteins... nucleic acids
a giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
breaks down alcohol in the body
long molecules consisting of many similar or identical buildi…
four main macromolecules
lipids... carbohydrates... proteins... nucleic acids
macromolecules
a giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
Chapter 5: The Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
Macromolecules
Polymer
Monomer
Dehydration Reaction
A giant molecule formed by joining smaller molecules, usually…
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
The subunit that serves as the building block of a polymer.
A chemical reaction in which two molecules covalently bond to…
Macromolecules
A giant molecule formed by joining smaller molecules, usually…
Polymer
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
18 terms
Chapter 5: The Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
4 main classes of large molecules
Macromolecule and 3 Classes
Polymer
Monomer
Carbohydrates... Lipids... Proteins... Nucleic Acids
Giant molecule (polymer) formed by joining of smaller molecul…
Long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monomer…
Subunit that serves as the building block of a polymer... Exampl…
4 main classes of large molecules
Carbohydrates... Lipids... Proteins... Nucleic Acids
Macromolecule and 3 Classes
Giant molecule (polymer) formed by joining of smaller molecul…
29 terms
Chapter 5 - the structure and function of large biological molecules
All living things are made up of 4 cla…
Monomers
Polymer
Dehydration reaction
1) carbohydrates (made up of sugars)... 2) lipids... 3) proteins (m…
Small building-block molecules
A long molecule consisting of many similar building blocks
Occurs when two monomers bind together through the loss of a…
All living things are made up of 4 cla…
1) carbohydrates (made up of sugars)... 2) lipids... 3) proteins (m…
Monomers
Small building-block molecules
Chapter 5: The Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
What are the classes of the large mole…
macromolecule
Polymer
Monomer
1. Carbohydrates... 2. Proteins... 3. Nucleic acids... 5. Lipids
Giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules, us…
Long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monomer…
Subunits that serve as the building blocks of proteins, carbo…
What are the classes of the large mole…
1. Carbohydrates... 2. Proteins... 3. Nucleic acids... 5. Lipids
macromolecule
Giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules, us…
Chapter 5: The Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
Macromolecules
Polymers
Monomers
Enzymes
molecules that are considered huge on the molecular scale (ca…
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
repeating units of smaller molecules that serve as the buildi…
specialized macromolecules that speed up chemical reactions
Macromolecules
molecules that are considered huge on the molecular scale (ca…
Polymers
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
Chapter 5: The Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
The four main classes of large molecul…
What classes are considered macromolec…
What is a polymer
What is a monomer?
carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, and nucleic acids
Carbohydrates, proteins, and nucleic acids
a large molecule made of similar/identical smaller molecules,…
a small molecule used as a building block in polymers
The four main classes of large molecul…
carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, and nucleic acids
What classes are considered macromolec…
Carbohydrates, proteins, and nucleic acids
Chapter 5- Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
Classes of biomolecules
End result of decoration reaction?
End result of hydrolysis reaction?
Carbohydrates- Function
1. Carbohydrates... 2. Lipids... 3. Proteins... 4. Nucleic Acids
Synthesizes polymeres
Breaksdown polymers
Simple sugars- energy source -> ATP... Complex sugars- energy st…
Classes of biomolecules
1. Carbohydrates... 2. Lipids... 3. Proteins... 4. Nucleic Acids
End result of decoration reaction?
Synthesizes polymeres
35 terms
chapter 5- the structure and function of large biological molecules
polymer
monomers
enzyme
dehydration reactions
a long molecule consising of many similar or identical monome…
the sub unit that serves as the building block of a polymer.…
a macro molecule serving as a catalyst, a chemical agent that…
create polymers from monomers. two monomers are joined by rem…
polymer
a long molecule consising of many similar or identical monome…
monomers
the sub unit that serves as the building block of a polymer.…
40 terms
Chapter 5: The Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
macromolecules
polymers, monomers
polymers
polymer
a giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules…
macromolecules are -- built from --
macromolecules in carbs, proteins and nucleic acids are chain…
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
macromolecules
a giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules…
polymers, monomers
macromolecules are -- built from --
117 terms
Chapter 5: The Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
macromolecule
polymer
monomer
enzyme
There are Four major types of biological macromolecules that…
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
the subunit that serves as the building block of a polymer
a macromolecule serving as a catalyst, a chemical agent that…
macromolecule
There are Four major types of biological macromolecules that…
polymer
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
55 terms
Chapter 5- The Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
macromolecules
polymer
monomer
enzymes
carbohydrates, proteins, nucleic acids are all huge and there…
long molecule consisting of many similar or identical buildin…
The repeating units that serve as the building blocks of a po…
In cells, which break down polymers. Specialized macromolecul…
macromolecules
carbohydrates, proteins, nucleic acids are all huge and there…
polymer
long molecule consisting of many similar or identical buildin…
61 terms
Chapter 5 The Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
Polymer
Dehydration Synthesis Reaction
Hydrolysis Reaction
Carbohydrates
Long molecule built by linking a large number of similar, rep…
Two monomers bond together through the loss of a water molecu…
Polymer disassembly through addition of a water molecule (add…
Are molecules composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. ... They…
Polymer
Long molecule built by linking a large number of similar, rep…
Dehydration Synthesis Reaction
Two monomers bond together through the loss of a water molecu…
117 terms
Chapter 5: The Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
macromolecule
polymer
monomer
enzyme
There are Four major types of biological macromolecules that…
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
the subunit that serves as the building block of a polymer
a macromolecule serving as a catalyst, a chemical agent that…
macromolecule
There are Four major types of biological macromolecules that…
polymer
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
47 terms
Chapter 5: The Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucle…
Macromolecules
polymers
Polymers
given the rich complexity of life on earth, it might surprise…
on the molecular scale, members of three of the four main cla…
The macromolecules in three of the four classes of life's org…
they are long molecules consisting of many similar or identic…
carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucle…
given the rich complexity of life on earth, it might surprise…
Macromolecules
on the molecular scale, members of three of the four main cla…
54 terms
Chapter 5: The Structure and Function of Large Biological Macromolecules
Lipids (Monomer)
Lipids (Polymer)
Lipids (Bond)
Lipids (Function)
In fats: Fatty Acid + Glycerol
Fat (triglycerides), cholesterol, phospholipids
Ester
phospholipid bilayers in cell membrane, tails can be broken d…
Lipids (Monomer)
In fats: Fatty Acid + Glycerol
Lipids (Polymer)
Fat (triglycerides), cholesterol, phospholipids
55 terms
Chapter 5: The Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
What are the 4 classes of macromolecul…
Monomers
Polymers
Dehydration (Condensation) Reaction
Carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, and nucleic acids.
Small molecules that serve as the building blocks of polymers.
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
This is the reaction that connects two monomers, by means of…
What are the 4 classes of macromolecul…
Carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, and nucleic acids.
Monomers
Small molecules that serve as the building blocks of polymers.
50 terms
Chapter 5: The Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
What are long molecules consisting of…
What are the building blocks of polyme…
How do you draw a polymer?
How do you make and break polymers?
What are polymers?
What are monomers?
What is dehydration synthesis and hydrolysis reactions?
What are long molecules consisting of…
What are polymers?
What are the building blocks of polyme…
What are monomers?
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