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Study sets matching "structure and function chapter 5 large biological"

58 terms
Chapter 5: The Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
Macromolecules
Polymer
Monomers
Enzymes
A very large organic molecule composed of many smaller molecu…
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
Building blocks of polymers
Catalysts for chemical reactions in living things
Macromolecules
A very large organic molecule composed of many smaller molecu…
Polymer
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
39 terms
Chapter 5 - Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
DNA and RNA bases
Draw a Nucleotide
Nucleic Acid Polymer
Nucleic Acid Monomer
DNA- ATCG... RNA- AUCG
phosphate, sugar, and base
polynucleotides
nucleotides
DNA and RNA bases
DNA- ATCG... RNA- AUCG
Draw a Nucleotide
phosphate, sugar, and base
55 terms
Chapter 5: Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
macromolecule
polymer
monomer
condensation reaction
A giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
long molecule consisting of many similar or identical buildin…
repeating units that serve as the building blocks of a polymer
A reaction in which two molecules become covalently bonded to…
macromolecule
A giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
polymer
long molecule consisting of many similar or identical buildin…
78 terms
Chapter 5: The structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
Macromolecule
Polymer
Monomer
Dehydration Reaction
A large molecule that is composed of thousands of covalently…
A long molecule consisting of many similar building blocks.
A small building-block molecule.
Occurs when two monomers bond together through the loss of a…
Macromolecule
A large molecule that is composed of thousands of covalently…
Polymer
A long molecule consisting of many similar building blocks.
40 terms
Chapter 5: Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
macromolecules
polymer
monomers
enzymes
A giant molecule in a living organism formed by the joining o…
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
repeating units that serve as the building blocks of a polymer
specialized macromolecules that speed up chemical reactions i…
macromolecules
A giant molecule in a living organism formed by the joining o…
polymer
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
58 terms
Chapter 5: The Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
What are the classes of the large mole…
macromolecule
Polymer
Monomer
1. Carbohydrates... 2. Proteins... 3. Nucleic acids... 5. Lipids
Giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules, us…
Long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monomer…
Subunits that serve as the building blocks of proteins, carbo…
What are the classes of the large mole…
1. Carbohydrates... 2. Proteins... 3. Nucleic acids... 5. Lipids
macromolecule
Giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules, us…
46 terms
Chapter 5: Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
polymer
monomers
enzymes
dehydration reaction
long molecule made up of similar or identical monomers linked…
subunit that serves as building block of a polymer
increases rate of a reaction without being consumed by reaction
2 molecules become covalently bonded to each other with remov…
polymer
long molecule made up of similar or identical monomers linked…
monomers
subunit that serves as building block of a polymer
107 terms
Chapter 5 Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
Hydrolysis
Dehydration
Disaccarides
Monosaccharide
Breaking down a polymer
Synthesizing a polymer
2 Monosaccharide put together
These are the simplest form of carbohydrates. They consist of…
Hydrolysis
Breaking down a polymer
Dehydration
Synthesizing a polymer
27 terms
Chapter 5- Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
Macromolecules
Polymers
Dehydration reactions
Hydrolysis
A giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
Long molecules consisting of many similar or identical buildi…
Chemical reaction when 2 monomers are covalently linked toget…
Reverse of a dehydration reaction. *Water is used to break a…
Macromolecules
A giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
Polymers
Long molecules consisting of many similar or identical buildi…
54 terms
chapter 5: structure and function of large biological molecules
polymer
monomer
dehydration reaction
hydrolysis
long molecule that contains subunits
subunit within polymer
process in which polymers are synthesized and created
the process in which polymers are broken down
polymer
long molecule that contains subunits
monomer
subunit within polymer
48 terms
Chapter 5 Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
Macromolecules
Polymer
Enzymes
Dehydration Reaction
Big molecules
A long molecule consisting of many similar identical building…
Specialized macromolecules that speed up chemical reactions
Loss of water molecule, to form a bond to form a linkage
Macromolecules
Big molecules
Polymer
A long molecule consisting of many similar identical building…
15 terms
Chapter 5: Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
all living things are made up of 4 cla…
macromolecules
synthesizing and breaking a polymer
proteins
carbs... lipids... proteins... nucleic acids
polymers built from monomers... polymer: a long molecule consist…
synthesize: dehydration ... dehydration removes a H2O molecule,…
biologically functional molecule that consists of one or more…
all living things are made up of 4 cla…
carbs... lipids... proteins... nucleic acids
macromolecules
polymers built from monomers... polymer: a long molecule consist…
59 terms
Chapter 5 - The Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
Classes of Macromolecules
Polymers
Dehydration Reaction
Hydrolysis
Polysaccharides ... Proteins ... Nucleic Acids ... Lipids
A large molecule consisting of many identical or similar smal…
Used to make the different classes of macromolecules (two mon…
Macromolecules are degraded by this reverse reaction.
Classes of Macromolecules
Polysaccharides ... Proteins ... Nucleic Acids ... Lipids
Polymers
A large molecule consisting of many identical or similar smal…
26 terms
Chapter 5: Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
Aldose (Aldehyde Sugar)
Ketose (Ketone Sugar)
Maltose
Sucrose
sugar with carboxyl group on END
sugar with carboxyl group in MIDDLE
disaccharide made from 2 glucose
disaccharide made from a glucose and a fructose
Aldose (Aldehyde Sugar)
sugar with carboxyl group on END
Ketose (Ketone Sugar)
sugar with carboxyl group in MIDDLE
56 terms
Chapter 5: The Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
macromolecules
polymer
monomers
enzymes
carbohydrates, proteins and nucleic acids
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
repeating units that serve as the building blocks of a polymer
specialized macromolecules that speed up chemical reactions
macromolecules
carbohydrates, proteins and nucleic acids
polymer
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
83 terms
Chapter 5: The Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
macromolecules
polymer
monomers
enzymes
A giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
The repeating units that serve as the building blocks of a po…
specialized macromolecules that speed up chemical reactions.
macromolecules
A giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
polymer
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
62 terms
Chapter 5 - The Structure and function of Large Biological Molecules
macromolecules
polymer
monomers
enzymes
members of carbohydrates, proteins, and nucleic acids that ar…
large molecule consisting of many similar or identical buildi…
small, repeating units that serve as the building blocks of a…
specialized macromolecules that speed up chemical reactions
macromolecules
members of carbohydrates, proteins, and nucleic acids that ar…
polymer
large molecule consisting of many similar or identical buildi…
64 terms
Chapter 5: The Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
macromolecules
monomers
enzymes
dehydration reaction
huge molecules called polymers, built from monomers
similar or identical building block molecules that make up po…
specialized macromolecules designed to catalyze, or speed u…
process by which an enzyme can covalently bond two molecules…
macromolecules
huge molecules called polymers, built from monomers
monomers
similar or identical building block molecules that make up po…
45 terms
Chapter 5: The structure and function of large biological molecules
macromolecules
polymer
monomer
condensation/dehydration reaction
huge molecules including carbohydrates, nucleic acids and pro…
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
the repeating units that serve as the building blocks of poly…
when two monomers are covalently bonded to each other and giv…
macromolecules
huge molecules including carbohydrates, nucleic acids and pro…
polymer
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
83 terms
Chapter 5: The Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
macromolecules
polymer
monomers
enzymes
A giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
The repeating units that serve as the building blocks of a po…
specialized macromolecules that speed up chemical reactions.
macromolecules
A giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
polymer
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
46 terms
Chapter 5: The Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
Carbohydrates... Lipids... Proteins... Nucleic…
Monosaccharides... (such as glucose)
Fatty Acids and Glycerol
Amino Acids
What are the 4 classes or groups of biomolecules?
Monomers of carbohydrates are ____.
Monomers of lipids are ____.
Monomers of proteins are ____.
Carbohydrates... Lipids... Proteins... Nucleic…
What are the 4 classes or groups of biomolecules?
Monosaccharides... (such as glucose)
Monomers of carbohydrates are ____.
51 terms
The Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules (Chapter 5)
carbohydrates
macromolecules
polymers
monomer
storage or building material (protection) ... function determine…
carbs, proteins, and nucleic acids ... size and complexity
series of chemically joined monomers
single molecule that has the ability to join together with ot…
carbohydrates
storage or building material (protection) ... function determine…
macromolecules
carbs, proteins, and nucleic acids ... size and complexity
29 terms
Chapter 5: The Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
monomer
polymer
macromolecule
dehydration reaction
subunit that serves as the building block of a polymer
long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monomer…
giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules, us…
chemical reaction in which two molecules become covalently bo…
monomer
subunit that serves as the building block of a polymer
polymer
long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monomer…
47 terms
CHAPTER 5: THE STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION OF LARGE BIOLOGICAL MOLECULES
four main macromolecules
polymer
monomers
enzymes
carbohydrates... lipids... proteins... nucleic acids
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
the repeating units that serve as the building blocks of a po…
specialized macromolecules that speed up chemical reactions,…
four main macromolecules
carbohydrates... lipids... proteins... nucleic acids
polymer
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
115 terms
Chapter 5: The Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
Dehydration Reaction
Hydrolysis Reaction
Marcomolecules
Polymers
Carbohydrates, proteins, and nucleic acids due to their size…
Carbohydrates, proteins, and nucleic acids, but not lipids are:
Dehydration Reaction
Hydrolysis Reaction
82 terms
Chapter 5: The Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and n…
carbohydrates, proteins, and nucleic a…
polymer
monomers
the molecules of life
3/4 of the molecules of life are called "macromolecules." lis…
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
units that serve as the building blocks of a polymer
carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and n…
the molecules of life
carbohydrates, proteins, and nucleic a…
3/4 of the molecules of life are called "macromolecules." lis…
29 terms
Chapter 5 - the structure and function of large biological molecules
All living things are made up of 4 cla…
Monomers
Polymer
Dehydration reaction
1) carbohydrates (made up of sugars)... 2) lipids... 3) proteins (m…
Small building-block molecules
A long molecule consisting of many similar building blocks
Occurs when two monomers bind together through the loss of a…
All living things are made up of 4 cla…
1) carbohydrates (made up of sugars)... 2) lipids... 3) proteins (m…
Monomers
Small building-block molecules
Chapter 5: The Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
Macromolecules
Polymer
Monomer
Dehydration Reaction
A giant molecule formed by joining smaller molecules, usually…
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
The subunit that serves as the building block of a polymer.
A chemical reaction in which two molecules covalently bond to…
Macromolecules
A giant molecule formed by joining smaller molecules, usually…
Polymer
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
35 terms
chapter 5- the structure and function of large biological molecules
polymer
monomers
enzyme
dehydration reactions
a long molecule consising of many similar or identical monome…
the sub unit that serves as the building block of a polymer.…
a macro molecule serving as a catalyst, a chemical agent that…
create polymers from monomers. two monomers are joined by rem…
polymer
a long molecule consising of many similar or identical monome…
monomers
the sub unit that serves as the building block of a polymer.…
25 terms
Chapter 5- Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
Classes of biomolecules
End result of decoration reaction?
End result of hydrolysis reaction?
Carbohydrates- Function
1. Carbohydrates... 2. Lipids... 3. Proteins... 4. Nucleic Acids
Synthesizes polymeres
Breaksdown polymers
Simple sugars- energy source -> ATP... Complex sugars- energy st…
Classes of biomolecules
1. Carbohydrates... 2. Lipids... 3. Proteins... 4. Nucleic Acids
End result of decoration reaction?
Synthesizes polymeres
40 terms
Chapter 5: The Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
macromolecules
polymers, monomers
polymers
polymer
a giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules…
macromolecules are -- built from --
macromolecules in carbs, proteins and nucleic acids are chain…
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
macromolecules
a giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules…
polymers, monomers
macromolecules are -- built from --
55 terms
Chapter 5- The Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
macromolecules
polymer
monomer
enzymes
carbohydrates, proteins, nucleic acids are all huge and there…
long molecule consisting of many similar or identical buildin…
The repeating units that serve as the building blocks of a po…
In cells, which break down polymers. Specialized macromolecul…
macromolecules
carbohydrates, proteins, nucleic acids are all huge and there…
polymer
long molecule consisting of many similar or identical buildin…
117 terms
Chapter 5: The Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
macromolecule
polymer
monomer
enzyme
There are Four major types of biological macromolecules that…
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
the subunit that serves as the building block of a polymer
a macromolecule serving as a catalyst, a chemical agent that…
macromolecule
There are Four major types of biological macromolecules that…
polymer
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
Chapter 5: The Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
four main macromolecules
macromolecules
alcohol dehydrogenase
polymers
lipids... carbohydrates... proteins... nucleic acids
a giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
breaks down alcohol in the body
long molecules consisting of many similar or identical buildi…
four main macromolecules
lipids... carbohydrates... proteins... nucleic acids
macromolecules
a giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
45 terms
Chapter 5 The Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
the molecules of life
macromolecules
polymer
monomers
carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids
large complex molecules... -polymers built from monomers
a long molecule consisting of monomers
the repeating units that serve as building blocks
the molecules of life
carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids
macromolecules
large complex molecules... -polymers built from monomers
18 terms
Chapter 5: The Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
4 main classes of large molecules
Macromolecule and 3 Classes
Polymer
Monomer
Carbohydrates... Lipids... Proteins... Nucleic Acids
Giant molecule (polymer) formed by joining of smaller molecul…
Long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monomer…
Subunit that serves as the building block of a polymer... Exampl…
4 main classes of large molecules
Carbohydrates... Lipids... Proteins... Nucleic Acids
Macromolecule and 3 Classes
Giant molecule (polymer) formed by joining of smaller molecul…
51 terms
Chapter 5 The Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
Macromolecules
Polymer
Condensation reaction
Dehydration reaction
Giant molecules like carbohydrates (polysaccharides) proteins…
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
A reaction in which two molecules become covalently bonded to…
A chemical reaction in which two molecules covalently bond to…
Macromolecules
Giant molecules like carbohydrates (polysaccharides) proteins…
Polymer
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
74 terms
Chapter 5: The Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
Macromolecules
Polymers
Monomers
Enzymes
molecules that are considered huge on the molecular scale (ca…
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
repeating units of smaller molecules that serve as the buildi…
specialized macromolecules that speed up chemical reactions
Macromolecules
molecules that are considered huge on the molecular scale (ca…
Polymers
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
47 terms
Chapter 5: The Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucle…
Macromolecules
polymers
Polymers
given the rich complexity of life on earth, it might surprise…
on the molecular scale, members of three of the four main cla…
The macromolecules in three of the four classes of life's org…
they are long molecules consisting of many similar or identic…
carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucle…
given the rich complexity of life on earth, it might surprise…
Macromolecules
on the molecular scale, members of three of the four main cla…
61 terms
Chapter 5 The Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
Polymer
Dehydration Synthesis Reaction
Hydrolysis Reaction
Carbohydrates
Long molecule built by linking a large number of similar, rep…
Two monomers bond together through the loss of a water molecu…
Polymer disassembly through addition of a water molecule (add…
Are molecules composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. ... They…
Polymer
Long molecule built by linking a large number of similar, rep…
Dehydration Synthesis Reaction
Two monomers bond together through the loss of a water molecu…
58 terms
Chapter 5: The Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
What are the classes of the large mole…
macromolecule
Polymer
Monomer
1. Carbohydrates... 2. Proteins... 3. Nucleic acids... 5. Lipids
Giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules, us…
Long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monomer…
Subunits that serve as the building blocks of proteins, carbo…
What are the classes of the large mole…
1. Carbohydrates... 2. Proteins... 3. Nucleic acids... 5. Lipids
macromolecule
Giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules, us…
117 terms
Chapter 5: The Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
macromolecule
polymer
monomer
enzyme
There are Four major types of biological macromolecules that…
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
the subunit that serves as the building block of a polymer
a macromolecule serving as a catalyst, a chemical agent that…
macromolecule
There are Four major types of biological macromolecules that…
polymer
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
62 terms
Chapter 5: The Structure & Function of Large Biological Molecules
4 Macromolecules Essential to Life
Monomers of Macromolecules
Dehydration Reaction
Hydrolysis
Lipids, Nucleic Acids, Proteins, and Carbohydrates
Lipids: fatty acids and glycerol... Carbohydrates: Monosaccharid…
monomers are connected by a reaction in which two molecules a…
the bond between monomers is broken by the addition of a wate…
4 Macromolecules Essential to Life
Lipids, Nucleic Acids, Proteins, and Carbohydrates
Monomers of Macromolecules
Lipids: fatty acids and glycerol... Carbohydrates: Monosaccharid…
65 terms
Chapter 5: The structure and function of large biological molecules
Polymer
Monomer
Hydrolysis
Dehydration
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
The repeating units that serve as the building blocks of a po…
The process in which polymers are disassembled into monomers…
The process in which monomers are covalently bonded to each o…
Polymer
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
Monomer
The repeating units that serve as the building blocks of a po…
25 terms
Chapter 5 - Structure & Function of Large Biological Molecules
Four classes of macromolecules
Polymers
Monomers
enzymes
carbohydrates, proteins & nucleic acids ... * form long chain-li…
long molecule consisting of many or identical building blocks…
repeated units of small molecules (some have other functions)
specialized macromolecules that speed up chemical reactions i…
Four classes of macromolecules
carbohydrates, proteins & nucleic acids ... * form long chain-li…
Polymers
long molecule consisting of many or identical building blocks…
54 terms
Chapter 5: The Structure and Function of Large Biological Macromolecules
Lipids (Monomer)
Lipids (Polymer)
Lipids (Bond)
Lipids (Function)
In fats: Fatty Acid + Glycerol
Fat (triglycerides), cholesterol, phospholipids
Ester
phospholipid bilayers in cell membrane, tails can be broken d…
Lipids (Monomer)
In fats: Fatty Acid + Glycerol
Lipids (Polymer)
Fat (triglycerides), cholesterol, phospholipids
55 terms
Chapter 5: The Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
What are the 4 classes of macromolecul…
Monomers
Polymers
Dehydration (Condensation) Reaction
Carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, and nucleic acids.
Small molecules that serve as the building blocks of polymers.
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
This is the reaction that connects two monomers, by means of…
What are the 4 classes of macromolecul…
Carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, and nucleic acids.
Monomers
Small molecules that serve as the building blocks of polymers.
25 terms
Chapter 5: The Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
macromolecule
dehydration reaction
hydrolysis
carbohydrates
There are Four major types of biological macromolecules that…
a chemical reaction in which 2 molecules become covalently bo…
a chemical reaction that breaks bonds between 2 molecules by…
a sugar (monosaccharide) or one of its dimers (disaccharide)…
macromolecule
There are Four major types of biological macromolecules that…
dehydration reaction
a chemical reaction in which 2 molecules become covalently bo…
54 terms
Chapter 5: The Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
enzyme
dehydration reaction
carbohydrate
monosaccharide
A type of protein that speeds up a chemical reaction in a liv…
A chemical reaction in which two molecules covalently bond to…
A sugar (monosaccharide) or one of its dimers (disaccharide)…
The simplest carbohydrate, active alone or serving as a monom…
enzyme
A type of protein that speeds up a chemical reaction in a liv…
dehydration reaction
A chemical reaction in which two molecules covalently bond to…
50 terms
Chapter 5: The Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
What are long molecules consisting of…
What are the building blocks of polyme…
How do you draw a polymer?
How do you make and break polymers?
What are polymers?
What are monomers?
What is dehydration synthesis and hydrolysis reactions?
What are long molecules consisting of…
What are polymers?
What are the building blocks of polyme…
What are monomers?
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