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Study sets matching "structure and function large biological ninth"

61 terms
Structure and function of large biological molecules
Monosaccharide
Nucleotide
Amino acid
Polymer
any of the class of sugar that cannot be hydrolyzed to give a…
Nucleotides form the basic structural unit of nucleic acids s…
Organic molecule with both an amino group and carboxyl group
Long molecule of similar building blocks linked together by c…
Monosaccharide
any of the class of sugar that cannot be hydrolyzed to give a…
Nucleotide
Nucleotides form the basic structural unit of nucleic acids s…
158 terms
Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
macromolecule
polymer
monomer
enzyme
There are Four major types of biological macromolecules that…
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
the subunit that serves as the building block of a polymer
a macromolecule serving as a catalyst, a chemical agent that…
macromolecule
There are Four major types of biological macromolecules that…
polymer
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
158 terms
Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
macromolecule
polymer
monomer
enzyme
There are Four major types of biological macromolecules that…
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
the subunit that serves as the building block of a polymer
a macromolecule serving as a catalyst, a chemical agent that…
macromolecule
There are Four major types of biological macromolecules that…
polymer
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
23 terms
Structure and function of large biological molecules
macromolecules
polymer
enzymes
Dehydration reation
chain-like molecules called polymers
long molecule consisting of many similar building blocks link…
faciliate the making and breaking down of polymers. Speed up…
Connection of monomers through a reaction in which two molecu…
macromolecules
chain-like molecules called polymers
polymer
long molecule consisting of many similar building blocks link…
37 terms
Large Biological Molecules' Structure and Function
4 types of macromolecules
Dehydration reaction
Hydrolysis
Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates... Lipid... Protein... Nucleic acid
- Covalent bond bonded monomers to form polymers... - Will lose…
- Break down polymers to monomers... - Will add a water molecule
...
4 types of macromolecules
Carbohydrates... Lipid... Protein... Nucleic acid
Dehydration reaction
- Covalent bond bonded monomers to form polymers... - Will lose…
36 terms
The Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
macromolecule
polymer
monomer
dehydration reaction
a giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
the subunit that serves as the building block of a polymer
a chemical reaction in which two molecules covalently bond to…
macromolecule
a giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
polymer
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
58 terms
The structure and function of Large Biological Molecules
Macromolecules
Polymer
Monomers
Enzymes
A very large organic molecule composed of many smaller molecu…
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
Building blocks of polymers
Catalysts for chemical reactions in living things
Macromolecules
A very large organic molecule composed of many smaller molecu…
Polymer
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
69 terms
The structure and function of large biological molecules
3 major macromolecules
Polymers
Monomers
Enzymes
1. carbohydrates... 2. proteins... 3. nucleic acids
carbs, proteins, nucleic acids. A polymer is a long molecule…
the repeating units that serve as building blocks of a polyme…
specialized macromolecules that speed up chemical reactions
3 major macromolecules
1. carbohydrates... 2. proteins... 3. nucleic acids
Polymers
carbs, proteins, nucleic acids. A polymer is a long molecule…
51 terms
The Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
macromolecule
polymer
monomer
dehydration reaction
Including carbohydrates, proteins, and nucleic acids, which c…
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
The repeating units that serve as the building blocks of a po…
A reaction when monomers are connected by a reaction in which…
macromolecule
Including carbohydrates, proteins, and nucleic acids, which c…
polymer
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
34 terms
Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
macromolecules
polymer
monomers
disaccharide
large molecules that make up living things
long molecule made of monomers, includes nucleic acids, prote…
monosaccharides (simple sugars)
2 monosaccharides bonded by dehydration reaction
macromolecules
large molecules that make up living things
polymer
long molecule made of monomers, includes nucleic acids, prote…
26 terms
Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
Methyl group
Hydroxyl group
Carboxyl group
Amino group
CH3
OH
CO2H
NH2
Methyl group
CH3
Hydroxyl group
OH
30 terms
The Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
Antiparallel
Chitin
Catalyst
Double Helix
Referring to the arrangement of the sugar-phosphate backbones…
A structural polysaccharide, consisting of amino sugar monome…
A chemical agent that selectively increases the rate of a rea…
The form of native DNA, referring to its two adjacent antipar…
Antiparallel
Referring to the arrangement of the sugar-phosphate backbones…
Chitin
A structural polysaccharide, consisting of amino sugar monome…
55 terms
The Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
macromolecules
polymers
monomers
enzymes
a giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
the subunit that serves as the building block of a polymer
a macromolecule serving as a catalyst, a chemical agent that…
macromolecules
a giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
polymers
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
16 terms
The structure and function of large biological molecules
Polymer
Monomers
Enzymes
Monosaccharides
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
The repeating units of service the building blocks of a polymer
Specialize macromolecules that speed up chemical reactions in…
Generally have molecular formulas that are so multiple of the…
Polymer
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
Monomers
The repeating units of service the building blocks of a polymer
17 terms
The Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
dehydration reaction
hydrolysis
glycosiadic linkage
glycogen
two molecules become covalently bonded to each other with the…
breaks bonds between two molecules by the addition of water
covalent bond formed between two monosaccharides by a dehydra…
a polymer of glucose that is like amylopectin but more extens…
dehydration reaction
two molecules become covalently bonded to each other with the…
hydrolysis
breaks bonds between two molecules by the addition of water
16 terms
The Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
Dehydration synthesis
Hydrolysis
Monomers
Polymers
The formation of organic compounds by taking away water by ma…
The digestion of organic compounds by breaking down polymers
Molecule that binds to an identical molecule to for a polymer…
•Long molecules of... monomers... •With many identical or... similar…
Dehydration synthesis
The formation of organic compounds by taking away water by ma…
Hydrolysis
The digestion of organic compounds by breaking down polymers
48 terms
structure and function of large biological molecules
polymers
dehydration synthesis
Hydrolysis
Commonly occurs during digestion:
macromolecules- made up of similar units (monomers) linked to…
how two molecules (aided by an enzyme) are covalently bonded…
opposite reaction (of dehydration synthesis). Bonds between m…
-proteins ->>> amino acids... - lipids ->>> fatty acids and glyc…
polymers
macromolecules- made up of similar units (monomers) linked to…
dehydration synthesis
how two molecules (aided by an enzyme) are covalently bonded…
15 terms
The structure and function of large biological molecules
Macromolecules
Polymer
Monomers
Enzymes
Members of the groups: carbohydrates, proteins, and nucleic a…
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical the b…
The single units that service the building blocks of a polymer
Specialized macromolecules that speed up chemical reactions
Macromolecules
Members of the groups: carbohydrates, proteins, and nucleic a…
Polymer
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical the b…
35 terms
structure and function of large biological molecules
polymer
enzymes
hydrolysis
hydrolases
molecule of many similar monomers
speed up chemical reactions
uses water to break down polymers
regulate hydrolysis
polymer
molecule of many similar monomers
enzymes
speed up chemical reactions
8 terms
The Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
What are the main classes of biologica…
Monomers
Dehydration synthesis
Hydrolysis
Carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, and nucleic acids
-small repeating subunits are linked by covalent bonds to for…
hydrogen and hydroxyl ends come together, water molecule prod…
water molecule added to a polymer, covalent bond is broken, 2…
What are the main classes of biologica…
Carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, and nucleic acids
Monomers
-small repeating subunits are linked by covalent bonds to for…
80 terms
Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
Polymer
Dehydration Synthesis
Hydrolysis
Carbohydrates
Macromolecule made up of monomers linked together as a result…
How 2 molecules (aided by an enzyme) are covalently bonded th…
Bonds between monomers are broken via the addition of a water…
-Sugars and their polymers... -Made up of C H and O
Polymer
Macromolecule made up of monomers linked together as a result…
Dehydration Synthesis
How 2 molecules (aided by an enzyme) are covalently bonded th…
63 terms
Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
4 major classes
Monomers
Polymer
Dehydration Reactions
1. Lipids... 2. Carbohydrates... 3. Proteins... 4. Nucleic acids
"building block" molecules of a polymer
many monomers covalently linked together
Loss of molecule of water... - polymers are assembled by this
4 major classes
1. Lipids... 2. Carbohydrates... 3. Proteins... 4. Nucleic acids
Monomers
"building block" molecules of a polymer
117 terms
The Structure + Function of Large Biological Molecules
Carbohydrates
Lipids
Proteins
Nucleic Acids
Molecular compounds made from carbon, hydrogen, + oxygen
Naturally occurring molecules (include fats, waxes, sterols,…
Made of amino acids which are made up of carbon, hydrogen, ox…
Composed of nucleotides, large/complex organic molecules, con…
Carbohydrates
Molecular compounds made from carbon, hydrogen, + oxygen
Lipids
Naturally occurring molecules (include fats, waxes, sterols,…
The Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
antiparallel
chitin
catalyst
double helix
Referring to the arrangement of the sugar-phosphate backbones…
A structural polysaccharide, consisting of amino sugar monome…
A chemical agent that selectively increases the rate of a rea…
The form of native DNA, referring to its two adjacent antipar…
antiparallel
Referring to the arrangement of the sugar-phosphate backbones…
chitin
A structural polysaccharide, consisting of amino sugar monome…
67 terms
The Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
Macromolecule
Polymer
Monomers
Dehydration Reaction
Molecules that are very large on a molecular scale.
A molecule that consists of similar or repeating units (monom…
Repeating units that construct various kinds of polymers.
A reaction in which a water molecule is lost, as 2 molecules…
Macromolecule
Molecules that are very large on a molecular scale.
Polymer
A molecule that consists of similar or repeating units (monom…
42 terms
The Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
Macromolecules
Polymer
Monomers
Enzymes
Huge molecules including carbohydrates, proteins, and nucleic…
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
Smaller molecules which are the repeating units that serve as…
Specialized macromolecules that speed up chemical reactions.
Macromolecules
Huge molecules including carbohydrates, proteins, and nucleic…
Polymer
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
34 terms
The Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
Polymer
Monomers
Condensation Reaction
Dehydration Reaction
long molecule made up of many similar/identical building bloc…
repeating units serving as building blocks of a polymer
When monomers are connected by a reaction where two molecules…
water is the molecule that is lost in the condensation reaction
Polymer
long molecule made up of many similar/identical building bloc…
Monomers
repeating units serving as building blocks of a polymer
61 terms
The Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
macromolecules
polymer
monomer
enzymes
carbohydrates, proteins, and nucleic acids; lipids do not cou…
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
the repeating units that make up a polymer
specialized macromolecules that speed up chemical reactions
macromolecules
carbohydrates, proteins, and nucleic acids; lipids do not cou…
polymer
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
51 terms
The Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
macromolecules
polymer
monomers
condensation reaction
...
...
...
...
macromolecules
...
polymer
...
53 terms
The Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
Monomer
Polymer
Dehydration Synthesis Reaction
Hydrolysis
"building block" molecules of a polymer
Many monomers "covalently" linked together
Loss of a water molecule
The addition of a water molecule
Monomer
"building block" molecules of a polymer
Polymer
Many monomers "covalently" linked together
56 terms
The Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
Macromolecules
Polymer
Monomer
Enzymes
large, complex molecules
a long molecule consisting of many similar building blocks
the repeating units that serve as building blocks
specialized macromolecules that speed up chemical reactions s…
Macromolecules
large, complex molecules
Polymer
a long molecule consisting of many similar building blocks
21 terms
The Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
macromolecules
polymer
monomers
enzymes
large molecules such as carbohydrates, lipids, and proteins.
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
repeating units that serve as the building blocks of a polymer
specialized macromolecules that speed up chemical reactions.
macromolecules
large molecules such as carbohydrates, lipids, and proteins.
polymer
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
67 terms
The Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
macromolecules
polymer
monomers
enzymes
carbohydrates, proteins, and nucleic acids are considered the…
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
the repeating units that serve as the building blocks of a po…
specialized macromolecules that speed up chemical reactions
macromolecules
carbohydrates, proteins, and nucleic acids are considered the…
polymer
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
64 terms
The Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
Macromolecules
Polymer
Monomers
Condensation Reaction
test... A macromolecule is any large organic molecule, such as a…
test... A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical…
A chemical unit that serves as a building block of a polymer.
A reaction in which two molecules become covalently bonded to…
Macromolecules
test... A macromolecule is any large organic molecule, such as a…
Polymer
test... A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical…
68 terms
The Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
All living things are made up of four…
Macromolecules
Polymer
Monomers
*carbohydrates (polymers)... *lipids... *proteins (polymers)... *nucle…
large molecules composed of thousands of covalently connected…
long chain-like molecule consisting of many similar building…
small building-block molecules
All living things are made up of four…
*carbohydrates (polymers)... *lipids... *proteins (polymers)... *nucle…
Macromolecules
large molecules composed of thousands of covalently connected…
48 terms
The Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
macromolecules
polymer
monomer
enzymes
giant molecules formed by the joking of smaller molecules, us…
a long molecules consisting of many similar or identical mono…
the subunit that serves as the building block of a polymer
a macromolecule serving as a catalyst, a chemical agent that…
macromolecules
giant molecules formed by the joking of smaller molecules, us…
polymer
a long molecules consisting of many similar or identical mono…
50 terms
The Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
what are the four main classes of mole…
polymer
monomer
enzymes
- carbohydrates... - nucleic acids... - proteins... - lipids (not poly…
long molecule consisting of many similar or identical buildin…
repeating units that make up polymers
catalyze chemical reactions
what are the four main classes of mole…
- carbohydrates... - nucleic acids... - proteins... - lipids (not poly…
polymer
long molecule consisting of many similar or identical buildin…
7 terms
The Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
Antiparallel
Chitin
Catalyst
Double helix
Referring to the arrangement of the sugar-phosphate backbones…
A structural polysaccharide, consisting of amino sugar monome…
A chemical agent that selectively increases the rate of react…
The form of native DNA, referring to its two adjacent antipar…
Antiparallel
Referring to the arrangement of the sugar-phosphate backbones…
Chitin
A structural polysaccharide, consisting of amino sugar monome…
31 terms
The Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
antiparallel
chitin
catalyst
double helix
Referring to the arrangement of the sugar-phosphate backbones…
A structural polysaccharide, consisting of amino sugar monome…
A chemical agent that selectively increases the rate of a rea…
The form of native DNA, referring to its two adjacent antipar…
antiparallel
Referring to the arrangement of the sugar-phosphate backbones…
chitin
A structural polysaccharide, consisting of amino sugar monome…
19 terms
The Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
Carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucle…
Macromolecules
Polymers
Monomer
What are the 4 main classes of large biological molecules?
Polymers built from monomers
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
Repeating units hat serve as the building blocks of a polymer…
Carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucle…
What are the 4 main classes of large biological molecules?
Macromolecules
Polymers built from monomers
31 terms
The Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
Antiparallel
Chitin
Catalyst
Double helix
Referring to the arrangement of the sugar-phosphate backbones…
A structural polysaccharide, consisting of amino sugar monome…
A chemical agent that selectively increases the rate of a rea…
The form of native DNA, referring to its two adjacent antipar…
Antiparallel
Referring to the arrangement of the sugar-phosphate backbones…
Chitin
A structural polysaccharide, consisting of amino sugar monome…
20 terms
The structure and function of large biological molecules
The basic layer of biological membranes
plants and animals
contains most of the cells genes
encloses the nucleus separating it fro…
double layer of phospholipids and other lipids
have most of the same organelles
nucleus
nuclear envelope
The basic layer of biological membranes
double layer of phospholipids and other lipids
plants and animals
have most of the same organelles
23 terms
The Structure & Function of Large Biological Molecules
Macromolecules
Polymers
Monomers
Hydrolysis
consist of carbs, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids
basic structure of macromolecules
structures of polymers
adds H20 to break polymers & release the monomers
Macromolecules
consist of carbs, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids
Polymers
basic structure of macromolecules
56 terms
The Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
macromolecule
polymer
monomer
enzyme
a giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
the subunit that serves as the building block of a polymer
a macromolecule serving as a catalyst, a chemical agent that…
macromolecule
a giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
polymer
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
54 terms
The structure and function of large biological molecules
macromolecules
polymers
Dehydration reaction
hydrolysis
have emergent properties, carbohydrates lipids, proteins, nuc…
consist of repeating units, i.e carbs, proteins, nucleic acids
requires energy, cell uses enzymes, condensation, building ce…
opposite of dehydration, water added, split occurs, used for…
macromolecules
have emergent properties, carbohydrates lipids, proteins, nuc…
polymers
consist of repeating units, i.e carbs, proteins, nucleic acids
47 terms
Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules, The
macromolecule
polymer
monomer
condensation reaction
a giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
the subunit that serves as the building block of a polymer
a reaction in which two molecules become covalently bonded to…
macromolecule
a giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
polymer
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
57 terms
The Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
Macromolecules
Polymer
Monomers
Enzymes
a giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
the subunit that serves as the building block of a polymer
a macromolecule serving as a catalyst, a chemical agent that…
Macromolecules
a giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
Polymer
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
20 terms
The Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
polymer
monomer
macromolecules
enzymes
a large molecule consisting of many similar or identical buil…
the repeating units that serve as the building blocks of a po…
carbohydrates, proteins, and amino acids
specialized macromolecules that speed up chemical reactions
polymer
a large molecule consisting of many similar or identical buil…
monomer
the repeating units that serve as the building blocks of a po…
27 terms
Structure & Function of Large Biological Molecules
gene
DNA and nucleic acid
nucleotides
DNA and RNA
The amino acid sequence of a polypeptide is programmed by a u…
What are genes made of
Nucleic acids are polymers made of monomers called
What are the two types of nucleic acids
gene
The amino acid sequence of a polypeptide is programmed by a u…
DNA and nucleic acid
What are genes made of
50 terms
The Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
All living things are made up of 4 cla…
Macromolecules
Polymer
Monomers
lipids
a giant molecules formed by the joining of smaller molecules
a long molecule consisting of many similar building blocks
repeating units that serve as building blocks of a polymer ar…
All living things are made up of 4 cla…
lipids
Macromolecules
a giant molecules formed by the joining of smaller molecules
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