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Study sets matching "structure dna 1"

15 terms
DNA structure (Bio 1)
Deoxyribonucleic acid
DNA
Nucleotide
Deoxyribose sugar
DNA stands for this
A long linear polymer found in the nucleus of a cell and form…
A building block of DNA, consisting of a five-carbon sugar co…
sugar used in DNA to make up the "backbone"
Deoxyribonucleic acid
DNA stands for this
DNA
A long linear polymer found in the nucleus of a cell and form…
62 terms
Biology 1 - DNA Structure
Griffith's Expirement
Griffith's Discovery
Transformation
Avery's Expirement
Worked with Pneumonia bacteria by using a harmless and harmfu…
Griffith discovered the process of Transformation, and showed…
The transfer of DNA from one cell to another
Avery took the bacteria mixture Griffith had created and isol…
Griffith's Expirement
Worked with Pneumonia bacteria by using a harmless and harmfu…
Griffith's Discovery
Griffith discovered the process of Transformation, and showed…
15 terms
DNA Structure (Exercise 1)
Double helix
Deoxyribose
Ribose
Adenine
What is the shape of DNA?
What is the sugar found in DNA?
What is the sugar found in RNA?
Which base pairs with thymine and uracil?
Double helix
What is the shape of DNA?
Deoxyribose
What is the sugar found in DNA?
11 terms
7-1 Structure of DNA
DNA
nucleotide
sugar
phosphate
DeoxyriboNucleic Acid; a molecule that is present in all livi…
a subunit of DNA that consists of a sugar, a phosphate and a…
a part of the DNA backbone
a part of the DNA backbone
DNA
DeoxyriboNucleic Acid; a molecule that is present in all livi…
nucleotide
a subunit of DNA that consists of a sugar, a phosphate and a…
14 terms
DNA structure/ day 1
DNA
nucleotide
4 types of DNA
Chargaffs rule
A complex molecule containing the genetic information that ma…
A building block of DNA, consisting of a five-carbon sugar co…
Adenine-Thymine Cytosine-Guanine
[A]=[T] and [G]=[C], they pair up across from one another for…
DNA
A complex molecule containing the genetic information that ma…
nucleotide
A building block of DNA, consisting of a five-carbon sugar co…
17 terms
DNA Standard #1- Structure
Histones
Rosalind Franklin
James Watson & Francis Crick
DNA
Several supporting molecules wrapped around the DNA.
Made the x-ray photographs that gave clues to the structure o…
Built the first model of DNA with Franklin's x-rays in 1953.
Deoxyribonucleic acid.
Histones
Several supporting molecules wrapped around the DNA.
Rosalind Franklin
Made the x-ray photographs that gave clues to the structure o…
38 terms
DNA Structure -1
I. Basics info of chromosomes and DNA
A. DNA 3 characteristics
B. Difference between RNA and DNA
C. Color stain test for DNA and RNA(red)
A. The relationship between chromosomes, DNA and genes - pic…
A. Deoxyribose acid =deoxyribose(sugar)+acidic ... B. Found in…
A. Different ribose(sugar)... B. U instead of T... C. Single strand…
1.Schiff reagent
I. Basics info of chromosomes and DNA
A. The relationship between chromosomes, DNA and genes - pic…
A. DNA 3 characteristics
A. Deoxyribose acid =deoxyribose(sugar)+acidic ... B. Found in…
8 terms
12.1 Structure of DNA
Describe how DNA is organized an fits…
Purines
Pyrimidines
5' starts
DNA is wrapped around HISTONES which coils into NUCLEOSOMES w…
Double ring of carbon and nitrogen atoms - Adenine & Guanine
Single ring of carbon and nitrogen atoms - Cytosine & Thymine
Phosphate
Describe how DNA is organized an fits…
DNA is wrapped around HISTONES which coils into NUCLEOSOMES w…
Purines
Double ring of carbon and nitrogen atoms - Adenine & Guanine
28 terms
1. DNA and Chromosome Structure
*Where is the bulk of genetic informat…
*Nucleic acids (DNA and RNA) are polym…
What does a DNA polymer consist of?
*What is the difference between nucleo…
Genetic information is stored in nucleic acids:... Eukaryotes:…
Nucleic acids (DNA and RNA) are polymers of repeat units... The…
DNA polymer consists of nucleotide repeat units that contain…
nucleoside--If a sugar, either ribose or 2-deoxyribose, is ad…
*Where is the bulk of genetic informat…
Genetic information is stored in nucleic acids:... Eukaryotes:…
*Nucleic acids (DNA and RNA) are polym…
Nucleic acids (DNA and RNA) are polymers of repeat units... The…
11 terms
Unit 3-Structure of DNA Game1
DNA
Chromosome
Nucleotide
Gene
Deoxyribonucleic acid. The fundamental hereditary material of…
a threadlike structure that contains the genetic information…
the basic unit of a nucleic acid; made of a sugar, a phosphat…
a DNA sequence that codes for a particular protein
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid. The fundamental hereditary material of…
Chromosome
a threadlike structure that contains the genetic information…
28 terms
1. DNA and Chromosome Structure
*Where is the bulk of genetic informat…
*Nucleic acids (DNA and RNA) are polym…
What does a DNA polymer consist of?
*What is the difference between nucleo…
Genetic information is stored in nucleic acids:... Eukaryotes:…
Nucleic acids (DNA and RNA) are polymers of repeat units... The…
DNA polymer consists of nucleotide repeat units that contain…
nucleoside--If a sugar, either ribose or 2-deoxyribose, is ad…
*Where is the bulk of genetic informat…
Genetic information is stored in nucleic acids:... Eukaryotes:…
*Nucleic acids (DNA and RNA) are polym…
Nucleic acids (DNA and RNA) are polymers of repeat units... The…
55 terms
biochem 1-DNA structure
eukary DNA 2 places
prokary DNA exists 2 ways
non chromosomal DNA replicates indepen…
protein DNA complex-single chromosome
1. nucleus... 2. mito
1. nucleoid... 2. plasmid
plasmid
nucleoid
eukary DNA 2 places
1. nucleus... 2. mito
prokary DNA exists 2 ways
1. nucleoid... 2. plasmid
34 terms
DNA 1 - Structure
What makes up a nucleic acid?
Describe a nucleotide.
What are nucleosides?
What are bases?
nucleotides
Nucleotide is a base + sugar + phosphate group.
base + sugar
Purines (adenine and guanine, 2 ring structure)... Pyramidines (…
What makes up a nucleic acid?
nucleotides
Describe a nucleotide.
Nucleotide is a base + sugar + phosphate group.
16 terms
L1 - DNA Structure
DNA -> RNA -> Protein
Ribose, Deoxyribose
Adenine, Guanine
Thymine, Cytosine, Uracil
What is the central Dogma of Molecular Biology?
What are the two forms of pentose found in DNA?
Which bases fall into the Purine category?
Which bases fall into the Pyrimidine category?
DNA -> RNA -> Protein
What is the central Dogma of Molecular Biology?
Ribose, Deoxyribose
What are the two forms of pentose found in DNA?
21 terms
7.1 DNA structure and replication
Base sequencing
DNA gyrase
DNA polymerase 1
DNA primase
the procedure of determining the order of nucleotides in a DN…
a bacterial enzyme that catalyses the breaking and re-joining…
Enzyme that replaces RNA primers with DNA nucleotides
an enzyme involved in the initiation of DNA replication that…
Base sequencing
the procedure of determining the order of nucleotides in a DN…
DNA gyrase
a bacterial enzyme that catalyses the breaking and re-joining…
25 terms
Structure of DNA 9.1
DNA stands for...
The two scientists that discovered the…
What famous scientist was incredibly i…
What is a monomer?
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
James Watson and Francis Crick
Rosalind Franklin. Her work with X-ray crystallography, where…
A single unit that is repeated over and over to make up a lar…
DNA stands for...
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
The two scientists that discovered the…
James Watson and Francis Crick
8 terms
DNA & The Genome - 1. The Structure of DNA
Nucleotide
Deoxyribose
Base Pairs
Sugar-Phosphate Backbone
A repeating unit of DNA composed of a deoxyribose sugar joine…
The sugar group present in DNA.
Adenine pairing with Thymine and Guanine pairing with Cytosine.
The deoxyribose and phosphate of each nucleotide joined toget…
Nucleotide
A repeating unit of DNA composed of a deoxyribose sugar joine…
Deoxyribose
The sugar group present in DNA.
DNA Structure
chromosomes
nucleotide
double helix
chromatin
rod-shaped cellular structure made of condensed chromatin; co…
in a nucleic-acid chain, a subunit that consists of a sugar,…
Shape of a DNA molecule formed when two twisted DNA strands a…
long strands of DNA found in the eukaryotic cell nucleus; con…
chromosomes
rod-shaped cellular structure made of condensed chromatin; co…
nucleotide
in a nucleic-acid chain, a subunit that consists of a sugar,…
12 terms
DNA Structure
nucleic acid
nucleotide
5 carbon sugar
phosphate group
C, H, O, N, P, DNA and RNA
A building block of DNA, consisting of a five-carbon sugar co…
component of a nucleotide, , DNA->deoxyribose; RNA->ribose
A molecule in the backbone of DNA and RNA that links adjoinin…
nucleic acid
C, H, O, N, P, DNA and RNA
nucleotide
A building block of DNA, consisting of a five-carbon sugar co…
30 terms
1) DNA Structure and Replication
Unlinked OH group
Free phosphate group
Origins
5' to 3'
Functional group at 3' position of sugar backbone
Functional group at 5' position of sugar backbone
Replication always starts at _ of replication
Replication occurs in _' to _' direction
Unlinked OH group
Functional group at 3' position of sugar backbone
Free phosphate group
Functional group at 5' position of sugar backbone
24 terms
Lecture 1: DNA Structure
What experiments/scientists identified…
Hershey and Chase
Avery, Macleod and McCarty
Griffith
1) Griffith... 2) Hershey and Chase... 3) Avery, Macleod and McCarty
Protein contains sulfur but not phosphorus and emits radioact…
Extended onto Griffith's type R vs. type S experiment. They d…
took first step in identifying DNA as hereditary material. He…
What experiments/scientists identified…
1) Griffith... 2) Hershey and Chase... 3) Avery, Macleod and McCarty
Hershey and Chase
Protein contains sulfur but not phosphorus and emits radioact…
15 terms
DNA Structure
double helix
deoxyribonucleic acid
nucleotide
adenine
________________The spiral shape of DNA,
________________(full name) (DNA)
________________A subunit formed from a sugar, a phosphate gr…
________________A base found in DNA , pairs with thymine in D…
double helix
________________The spiral shape of DNA,
deoxyribonucleic acid
________________(full name) (DNA)
15 terms
DNA - Structure
polymer
nucleic acids
nucleotides
3 parts of a nucleotide
a macromolecule made of repeating subunits (micromolecules)
genetic material - DNA and RNA
repeating subunits of DNA and RNA
a sugar, a phosphate group and an N-base
polymer
a macromolecule made of repeating subunits (micromolecules)
nucleic acids
genetic material - DNA and RNA
34 terms
7.1 DNA structure & Replication
Hershey & Chase
Radioisotopes
bacteriophages
phosphorus-32
used radioactive material to label DNA and protein; infected…
radioactive forms of elements that decay over time at a predi…
viruses that attack bacteria
radioactive forms of phosphorus used in DNA labeling
Hershey & Chase
used radioactive material to label DNA and protein; infected…
Radioisotopes
radioactive forms of elements that decay over time at a predi…
11 terms
DNA Structure
chromosomes
nucleotide
double helix
mutation
rod-shaped cellular structure made of condensed chromatin; co…
in a nucleic-acid chain, a subunit that consists of a sugar,…
Shape of a DNA molecule formed when two twisted DNA strands a…
change in a DNA sequence that affects genetic information
chromosomes
rod-shaped cellular structure made of condensed chromatin; co…
nucleotide
in a nucleic-acid chain, a subunit that consists of a sugar,…
18 terms
DNA - Structure
DNA
Nucleic Acid
Nucleotide
Adenine
Deoxyribonucleic acid. A molecule that stores genetic informa…
A polymer of nucleotides that stores genetic information
The building block that makes up nucleic acids like DNA
The base that pairs with Thymine in DNA. It's a purine.
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid. A molecule that stores genetic informa…
Nucleic Acid
A polymer of nucleotides that stores genetic information
18 terms
Structure of DNA Week 1 Vocabulary
DNA
chromosome
chromatin
base-pair
a long linear polymer found in the nucleus of a cell and form…
a threadlike strand of condensed chromatin in the cell nucleu…
the readily stainable substance of a cell nucleus consisting…
one of the pairs of chemical bases joined by hydrogen bonds t…
DNA
a long linear polymer found in the nucleus of a cell and form…
chromosome
a threadlike strand of condensed chromatin in the cell nucleu…
15 terms
DNA - Structure
DNA
Nucleic Acid
Nucleotide
Adenine
Deoxyribonucleic acid. A molecule that stores genetic informa…
A polymer of nucleotides that stores genetic information
The building block that makes up nucleic acids like DNA
The base that pairs with Thymine in DNA. It's a purine.
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid. A molecule that stores genetic informa…
Nucleic Acid
A polymer of nucleotides that stores genetic information
DNA - Structure
DNA
Nucleic Acid
Nucleotide
Adenine
Deoxyribonucleic acid. A molecule that stores genetic informa…
A polymer of nucleotides that stores or transports genetic in…
The building block that makes up nucleic acids like DNA
The base that pairs with Thymine in DNA. It's a purine.
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid. A molecule that stores genetic informa…
Nucleic Acid
A polymer of nucleotides that stores or transports genetic in…
13 terms
#1 DNA Structure and Replication Vocabulary
Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA)
Nucleotide
Double Helix
Backbone
A nucleic acid molecule in which each strand consists of nucl…
A subunit of nucleic acids formed from a simple sugar (deoxyr…
The shape of DNA: 2 strands wound into a spiral shape.
The sides of the DNA molecule, made out of alternating sugars…
Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA)
A nucleic acid molecule in which each strand consists of nucl…
Nucleotide
A subunit of nucleic acids formed from a simple sugar (deoxyr…
12 terms
DNA STRUCTURE
deoxyribonucleic acid
DNA
nucleotide
adenine
A nucleic acid found in all living cells which carries the or…
stands for deoxyribonucleic acid
A subunit of DNA formed from a sugar, a phosphate group, and…
A nitrogen base - thymine bonds with. (A)
deoxyribonucleic acid
A nucleic acid found in all living cells which carries the or…
DNA
stands for deoxyribonucleic acid
15 terms
DNA - Structure
DNA
Nucleic Acid
Nucleotide
Adenine
Deoxyribonucleic acid. A molecule that stores genetic informa…
A polymer of nucleotides that stores genetic information
The building block that makes up nucleic acids like DNA
The base that pairs with Thymine in DNA. It's a purine.
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid. A molecule that stores genetic informa…
Nucleic Acid
A polymer of nucleotides that stores genetic information
12 terms
DNA Discovery and Structure 1
Adenine
Guanine
Cytosine
Thymine
a purine
a purine
a pyrimidine
a pyrimidine
Adenine
a purine
Guanine
a purine
27 terms
DNA Structure
Watson & Crick
Nucleotide
DNA
Double helix
Watson & Crick -Used Chargraff's Rules and Rosalind Franklins…
Contains ATCG, A Deoxiribose Sugar, and is double stranded
The Shape of DNA
Watson & Crick
Watson & Crick -Used Chargraff's Rules and Rosalind Franklins…
Nucleotide
10 terms
Structure of DNA 1
Nucleotide
Strong chemical bond
Deoxyribose sugar
Weak hydrogen bond
Repeating unit of DNA composed of a deoxyribose joined to a p…
Deoxyribose and phosphate of each nucleotide are joined toget…
Sugar group present in DNA
Type of bond formed between complementary bases on the parall…
Nucleotide
Repeating unit of DNA composed of a deoxyribose joined to a p…
Strong chemical bond
Deoxyribose and phosphate of each nucleotide are joined toget…
13 terms
DNA Structure
double helix
deoxyribonucleic acid
nucleotide
adenine
________________The spiral shape of DNA,
________________(full name) (DNA)
________________A subunit formed from a sugar, a phosphate gr…
________________A base found in DNA , pairs with thymine in D…
double helix
________________The spiral shape of DNA,
deoxyribonucleic acid
________________(full name) (DNA)
DNA Structure
DNA
Nucleic Acids
Nucleotide
Deoxyribose
Deoxyribonucleic Acid - molecule that transfers (passes) info…
organic molecule made of nucleotides - two types - RNA & DNA
building block (smaller part) of nucleic acids like DNA and RNA
5-carbon sugar found in DNA, shaped like a house
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic Acid - molecule that transfers (passes) info…
Nucleic Acids
organic molecule made of nucleotides - two types - RNA & DNA
11 terms
12.1 DNA Structure
DNA
Nucleic Acid
Nucleotide
Double Helix
DeoxyriboNucleic Acid
A long molecule made up of smaller molecules called nucleotid…
Links DNA strands together... - subunits of DNA
Two strands of DNA that are twisted around each other
DNA
DeoxyriboNucleic Acid
Nucleic Acid
A long molecule made up of smaller molecules called nucleotid…
17 terms
7.1 DNA Structure
c1, c5
Carbon
Covalent bond
5'-3', 3'5'
The nitrogenous bases of carbon atoms attach to ________ and…
What kind of atoms are present in DNA?
What kind of bond are nucleotides joined by?
The leading nucleotide strand runs ______ while the lagging n…
c1, c5
The nitrogenous bases of carbon atoms attach to ________ and…
Carbon
What kind of atoms are present in DNA?
74 terms
DNA structure (Lecture 1)
Chromosomes that have the same genes i…
Bacteria are capable of transfering ge…
DNA consists of a linear polymer of __…
What are the nitrogen bases
Homologous chromosomes
Transformation
Nucleotide --> deoxyribose (sugar), phosphate, and nitrogen b…
Adenine ... Guanine... Cytosine ... Thymine
Chromosomes that have the same genes i…
Homologous chromosomes
Bacteria are capable of transfering ge…
Transformation
12 terms
7.1 DNA Structure
Nucleotides are joined by a covalent b…
Consists of DNA wrapped around eight h…
Highly alkaline protein
Protect DNA from damage, allow long le…
Structure of DNA
Structure of nucleosomes
Histone
Functions of nucleosomes
Nucleotides are joined by a covalent b…
Structure of DNA
Consists of DNA wrapped around eight h…
Structure of nucleosomes
DNA STRUCTURE
deoxyribonucleic acid
DNA
nucleotide
adenine
A nucleic acid found in all living cells which carries the or…
stands for deoxyribonucleic acid
A subunit of DNA formed from a sugar, a phosphate group, and…
A nitrogen base - thymine bonds with. (A)
deoxyribonucleic acid
A nucleic acid found in all living cells which carries the or…
DNA
stands for deoxyribonucleic acid
17 terms
KA1 - The Structure of DNA
What are the three components of a nuc…
How is a strand of DNA produced?
What are the base pairings of a DNA mo…
What is Chargaff's rule?
Deoxyribose sugar, phosphate molecule, organic base
By strong covalent bonds between the phosphate of one nucleot…
A&T, C&G
A=T and C=G but A=/C and T=/G. The proportion of each varies…
What are the three components of a nuc…
Deoxyribose sugar, phosphate molecule, organic base
How is a strand of DNA produced?
By strong covalent bonds between the phosphate of one nucleot…
6 terms
25.1 DNA Structure
Frederick Griffith
1944 gerðist eftirfarand
Bygging DNA
4 tegundir basa
Gerði rannsóknir á músum í sambandi við DNA. Sjá mynd 25.1
Eftir 16 ára rannsókn þá komust vísindamenn að þessu um DNA:…
Það voru James Watson og Franis Crick sem fundu það upp.... DNA…
2 tegundir sem eru púrín (glært kristallað efnasamband) og me…
Frederick Griffith
Gerði rannsóknir á músum í sambandi við DNA. Sjá mynd 25.1
1944 gerðist eftirfarand
Eftir 16 ára rannsókn þá komust vísindamenn að þessu um DNA:…
29 terms
DNA Structure
Watson and Crick
Nucleotide
DNA
Codon
Figured out structure of DNA was a double helix
Watson and Crick
Figured out structure of DNA was a double helix
Nucleotide
16 terms
DNA Structure
Sugar (deoxyribose)
Phosphate group
Base (nitrogen-containing)
A
Together with the phosphate molecules makes the backbone of DNA
Together with the sugar it makes the backbone of DNA
One of four different bases. The order of these bases on the…
Adenine - the base that pairs with Thymine
Sugar (deoxyribose)
Together with the phosphate molecules makes the backbone of DNA
Phosphate group
Together with the sugar it makes the backbone of DNA
19 terms
DNA Structure/Replication Set 1
Nucleotide
Deoxyribose
Nitrogen Base
Phosphate
A building block of DNA, consisting of a five-carbon sugar (d…
A five-carbon sugar that is a component of DNA nucleotides
Adenine, Thymine, Guanine, Cytosine, The chemicals that make…
A phosphorus containing component of both RNA and DNA nucleot…
Nucleotide
A building block of DNA, consisting of a five-carbon sugar (d…
Deoxyribose
A five-carbon sugar that is a component of DNA nucleotides
37 terms
1. DNA Structure and Replication
What do variations in DNA sequence res…
What type of sugar is found in DNA?
What is the typical order of a DNA str…
What differentiates 5' from 3'?
Phenotypic differences and susceptibility to disease
Pentose sugar
Goes from 5' to 3'
5' - Free phosphate group... 3' - unlinked OH group
What do variations in DNA sequence res…
Phenotypic differences and susceptibility to disease
What type of sugar is found in DNA?
Pentose sugar
30 terms
UNIT 1: DNA Structure
Watson and Crick
nucleotides
pentose sugar (deoxyribose)
polynucleotide chains
propose 3D structure of DNA... -double helix ... -sugar-phosphate b…
paired subunits that compose linear sequence of DNA strands…
1' is where BASE is connected... 2' is missing OH in DNA (deoxy)…
backbone: alternating sugar and phosphate residues... bases: pr…
Watson and Crick
propose 3D structure of DNA... -double helix ... -sugar-phosphate b…
nucleotides
paired subunits that compose linear sequence of DNA strands…
39 terms
Quiz 1: DNA structure
central dogma of molecular biology
structure of nucleotide
basic unit of DNA
composition of DNA polymer
DNA-->RNA-->protein
sugar... phosphate... nitrogenous base
nucleotide
sugar/phosphate backbone... hydrogen bonds
central dogma of molecular biology
DNA-->RNA-->protein
structure of nucleotide
sugar... phosphate... nitrogenous base
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