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Study sets matching "structure dna chapter 9"

42 terms
Chapter 9 DNA Structure and Replication
The jobs of genetic material
nucleotide
ribose
deoxyribose
Genetic material must carry out two jobs : duplicate itself a…
The building block of a nucleic acid, consisting of a phospha…
a 5-carbon sugar in RNA
5-carbon sugar in a DNA nucleotide
The jobs of genetic material
Genetic material must carry out two jobs : duplicate itself a…
nucleotide
The building block of a nucleic acid, consisting of a phospha…
13 terms
Chapter 9: DNA Structure
Levene
Hydrogen bonds
Rosalind franklin
Watson & criks
1909 identified ribose 1929 identified deoxyribose. Also, dis…
Why do bases pair together
The clue from photo 51. X-ray diffraction indicated dna is a…
Carboard cutout. A sugar & phosphate "backbone". 2 nucleotide…
Levene
1909 identified ribose 1929 identified deoxyribose. Also, dis…
Hydrogen bonds
Why do bases pair together
34 terms
Chapter 9 - Structure of DNA
Function of genetic material
Griffith
Avery, MacLeod, and MacCarty
Hershey and Chase
replication, gene expression, and mutation
transformed bacteria in mice
used DNase, RNase, and protease to determine that DNA is the…
used P and S to prove that DNA is genetic material
Function of genetic material
replication, gene expression, and mutation
Griffith
transformed bacteria in mice
8 terms
Chapter 9: DNA Structure and Analysis
Four Characteristics of Generic Material
Griffith's Transformation Experiment
Avery, Macleod, And McCarty's experime…
Hershey-Chase Experiment
Replication... Storage of Information... Expression of Information…
Showed that DNA is the genetic material by repeating griffith…
Viral; viruses are much simpler than a cell - contains primar…
Four Characteristics of Generic Material
Replication... Storage of Information... Expression of Information…
Griffith's Transformation Experiment
12 terms
chapter 9 structure of dna
dna stands for
building blocks of dna are..?
true or false? ... deoxyibe is a sugar t…
true or false?... deoxyribose forms the…
deoxyribo nucleic acid
nucleotides
true
true
dna stands for
deoxyribo nucleic acid
building blocks of dna are..?
nucleotides
43 terms
Chapter 9 Structure and Replication of DNA
Antiparallel (DNA structure)
Double-stranded (DNA structure)
DNA Helix is right-handed (DNA structu…
Outer edges of the bases are exposed i…
The 5' end of the chain is a free phosphate group while the 3…
Sugar-phosphate backbones form a coil, nitrogenous bases poin…
Curve of helix follows direction of your fingers (right hand…
Helices formed by the backbones of two DNA strands aren't eve…
Antiparallel (DNA structure)
The 5' end of the chain is a free phosphate group while the 3…
Double-stranded (DNA structure)
Sugar-phosphate backbones form a coil, nitrogenous bases poin…
18 terms
Chapter 9 Vocabulary - DNA Structure and Replication
ribose
deoxyribose
adenine
thymine
A 5-carbon sugar in RNA
5-carbon sugar in a DNA nucleotide
One of two purine nitrogenous bases in DNA and RNA
One of the two pyrimidine... bases in DNA
ribose
A 5-carbon sugar in RNA
deoxyribose
5-carbon sugar in a DNA nucleotide
16 terms
Chapter 9 - DNA Structure and Analysis
4 major characteristics for a molecule…
Informational flow
Transcription
mRNA
Replication, storage of information, expression of informatio…
The central dogma: transcription and translation
3 main types of RNA molecules are synthesized: messenger RNA…
Translated into proteins ... Product of specific genes and direc…
4 major characteristics for a molecule…
Replication, storage of information, expression of informatio…
Informational flow
The central dogma: transcription and translation
11 terms
Chapter 9 - DNA/Chromosomal Structure
Erwin Chargaff
William Astbury
Rosalind Franklin
Avery, Macleod, McCarty
determined precise base composition ... A + G = T + C (Purines =…
Showed that dna is a polymer of stacked bases using xray diff…
Dna is a double helix
Concluded that DNA is the hereditary transforming factor
Erwin Chargaff
determined precise base composition ... A + G = T + C (Purines =…
William Astbury
Showed that dna is a polymer of stacked bases using xray diff…
Chapter 9: DNA Structure and Analysis
4 major characteristics of genetic mat…
Transcription
Translation
Central Dogma of Molecular Genetics
1) Replication ... 2) Storage of information... 3) expression of in…
RNA is made from DNA
mRNA makes the polypeptide Amino Acid chain
DNA makes RNA, which makes proteins
4 major characteristics of genetic mat…
1) Replication ... 2) Storage of information... 3) expression of in…
Transcription
RNA is made from DNA
23 terms
DNA STRUCTURE AND REPLICATION: (chapter 9)
What three molecular structures makeup…
What are the names of the four nitroge…
Which are purines and which are pyrimi…
Which are purines ?
A single nucleotide contains a nitrogenous base , a deoxyribo…
A is for adenine and it forms together with T... G is for guani…
There are two kinds of nitrogen-containing bases - purines an…
Adenine = 6-amino purine ... Guanine = 2-amino-6-oxy purine ... H…
What three molecular structures makeup…
A single nucleotide contains a nitrogenous base , a deoxyribo…
What are the names of the four nitroge…
A is for adenine and it forms together with T... G is for guani…
25 terms
Genetics Chapter 9: DNA Structure
Properties of the hereditary molecule
Information
Transmission
Replication
1. Information... 2. Transmission... 3. Replication... 4. Variation
The genetic material must contain the information necessary t…
During reproduction, the genetic material must be passed from…
Because the genetic material is passed from parents to offspr…
Properties of the hereditary molecule
1. Information... 2. Transmission... 3. Replication... 4. Variation
Information
The genetic material must contain the information necessary t…
17 terms
Chapter 9: DNA Structure and Analysis
Watson and Crick
Nucleic Acid Chemistry
Two kinds of nitrogenous bases
Pentose Sugars found in nucleic acids
- Proposed that the structure of DNA is in the form of a doub…
- DNA is nucleic acid, made up of nucleic acid molecules. ... -…
Nine-member double-ring purines ... - Purines: Adenine and Guani…
- Ribonucleic acid (RNA) contain ribose... - Deoxyribonucleic ac…
Watson and Crick
- Proposed that the structure of DNA is in the form of a doub…
Nucleic Acid Chemistry
- DNA is nucleic acid, made up of nucleic acid molecules. ... -…
33 terms
Chapter 9 - DNA structure and analysis
Genetic Material
replication, storage, expression, vari…
nuclein
tetranucleotide hypothesis
information that influences the form and characteristics of e…
4 major characteristics of genetic material
discovered by Miescher as a substance containing DNA in 1868
Levene postulated (incorrectly) that identical groups of 4 co…
Genetic Material
information that influences the form and characteristics of e…
replication, storage, expression, vari…
4 major characteristics of genetic material
33 terms
Chapter 9 The Structure and Function Of DNA
DNA is a
DNA has the capacity to store
DNA and RNA
Polynucleotide
chemical
genetic information and be copied
are nucleic acids
nucleotide polymer
DNA is a
chemical
DNA has the capacity to store
genetic information and be copied
17 terms
Chapter 9: DNA and RNA Structure
4 Criteria of Genetic Material
Frederick Griffith Experiments
Avery, MacLeod, McCarty Experiments
Hershey and Chase Experiment
1. Information ... - must contain information necessary to make…
- studied bacterium Streptococcus pneumoniae strains type III…
1. Purified each type of macromolecule from type IIIS bacteri…
- worked with bacteriophage T2 and radioisotopes ... 1. Labeled…
4 Criteria of Genetic Material
1. Information ... - must contain information necessary to make…
Frederick Griffith Experiments
- studied bacterium Streptococcus pneumoniae strains type III…
8 terms
Chapter 9 DNA Structure and Replication Review
Double Helix
Nitrogen Base
Deoxyribose
DNA
two strands of nucleotides twisted around each other.
face towards the center of the DNA molecule
five carbon sugar
abbreviation for deoxyribonucleic acid
Double Helix
two strands of nucleotides twisted around each other.
Nitrogen Base
face towards the center of the DNA molecule
27 terms
Chapter 9 DNA Structure and Replication
Genetic material must
DNA-deoxyribonucleic acid
Nucleotide has 3 parts:
Sugar
1. Contain complex information that is able to vary but be st…
2 strands of nucleotides wound around each other to form a he…
Sugar, Phosphate, Nitrogen-containing base
Either ribose (RNA) or deoxyribose (DNA)- ribose less chemica…
Genetic material must
1. Contain complex information that is able to vary but be st…
DNA-deoxyribonucleic acid
2 strands of nucleotides wound around each other to form a he…
39 terms
Chapter 9: DNA Structure and Replication
Replication
Leading Strand
Lagging Strand
Genetic Material
Goes from 5 prime to 3 prime
The top strand of DNA that is a 3 prime segment.
The bottom strand of DNA that is a 5 prime segment.
This myst carry out two jobs: dublicate itsel and contro the…
Replication
Goes from 5 prime to 3 prime
Leading Strand
The top strand of DNA that is a 3 prime segment.
23 terms
DNA STRUCTURE AND REPLICATION: (chapter 9)
What three molecular structures makeup…
What are the names of the four nitroge…
Which are purines and which are pyrimi…
Which are purines ?
A single nucleotide contains a nitrogenous base , a deoxyribo…
A is for adenine and it forms together with T... G is for guani…
There are two kinds of nitrogen-containing bases - purines an…
Adenine = 6-amino purine ... Guanine = 2-amino-6-oxy purine ... H…
What three molecular structures makeup…
A single nucleotide contains a nitrogenous base , a deoxyribo…
What are the names of the four nitroge…
A is for adenine and it forms together with T... G is for guani…
11 terms
Chapter 9: DNA Structure and Analysis
What are the usage of 34S and 32P?
What is the evidence showing that DNA…
Indirect Evidence: distrubution of DNA
Indirect Evidence: mutagenesis
These radioactive phages can be isolated and used to infect u…
1) Indirect evidence: distribution of DNA... 2) Indirect evidenc…
-DNA is found only where primary genetic function is known to…
-260-nm light is much more effective than 280-nm light for mu…
What are the usage of 34S and 32P?
These radioactive phages can be isolated and used to infect u…
What is the evidence showing that DNA…
1) Indirect evidence: distribution of DNA... 2) Indirect evidenc…
30 terms
Chapter 9: Molecular Structure of DNA and RNA
Molecular Genetics
Frederick Griffiths
Avery, Macleod, McCarty
Hershey and Chase
Study of DNA structure and function at the molecular level
Mice and pneumonia experiment in which the dead S strain was…
Invitro testing with the addition of type R strain, type S st…
T2 bacteriophage and E.Coli. T2 DNA is radiolabeled with 32P…
Molecular Genetics
Study of DNA structure and function at the molecular level
Frederick Griffiths
Mice and pneumonia experiment in which the dead S strain was…
11 terms
Biology Chapter 9.2 DNA Structure
double helix
DNA subunit
purines
pyrimidines
twisted strands, linked nucleotides
P group, 5-C sugar, N base, deoxyribose
Adenine, Guanine
Cytosine, Thymine
double helix
twisted strands, linked nucleotides
DNA subunit
P group, 5-C sugar, N base, deoxyribose
21 terms
Chapter 9: DNA Identification, Structure, and Replication
In his experiments on Streptococcus pn…
What did Hershey and Chase's experimen…
Multiple replication forks along the D…
If the sequence of nucleotides on one…
Harmless R bacteria changed and became virulent (virulent=abl…
DNA controls heredity.
Reduce DNA replication time.
CGGTAAC
In his experiments on Streptococcus pn…
Harmless R bacteria changed and became virulent (virulent=abl…
What did Hershey and Chase's experimen…
DNA controls heredity.
45 terms
Chapter 9 study Guide (DNA Structure and Replication)
Required properties for genetic materal
Fredrick Griffith
Bacterial species of streptococcus pne…
Type S
-information... -replication... -transmission... -variation
-led to the discovery of transformation (mouse expirement tha…
-Type S... -Type R
-smooth... -has capsule-secreting strains... -fatal cause capsule p…
Required properties for genetic materal
-information... -replication... -transmission... -variation
Fredrick Griffith
-led to the discovery of transformation (mouse expirement tha…
15 terms
Chapter 9 (biol 309) DNA Structure
Griffiths Transforming agent experiment
Griffith Experiment Explained (Mice ha…
Hershey & Chase bacteriophage experiment
Heinz Frankel-Conrat et al
- Demonstrated the transformation in bacteria... - Showed that t…
- smooth strain (virulent) -> inject mouse -> mouse dies... - ro…
- Also showed that DNA rather than protein is the genetic mat…
...
Griffiths Transforming agent experiment
- Demonstrated the transformation in bacteria... - Showed that t…
Griffith Experiment Explained (Mice ha…
- smooth strain (virulent) -> inject mouse -> mouse dies... - ro…
16 terms
Genetics - Chapter 9 DNA & RNA Structure
Molecular genetics
roles the genetic material must meet f…
transformation
Bacteriophage
the study of DNA structure and function at the molecular level.
1. Information: It must contain the information necessary to…
Griffith concluded that something from the dead type IIIS bac…
a virus that exclusively attacks bacteria.
Molecular genetics
the study of DNA structure and function at the molecular level.
roles the genetic material must meet f…
1. Information: It must contain the information necessary to…
8 terms
Chapter 9 Genetics - DNA Structure and Replication
nucleotide
complementary base pairs
antiparallel
Chromatin
a DNA building block it consists of deoxyribose, a phosphate,…
the rungs of the DNA building block that consist of hydrogen…
the rails of the DNA double helix are chains of alternating s…
Highly coiled DNA that is complexed with protein (histones)
nucleotide
a DNA building block it consists of deoxyribose, a phosphate,…
complementary base pairs
the rungs of the DNA building block that consist of hydrogen…
23 terms
Chapter 9 Molecular Structure of DNA and RNA
Molecular genetics
Bacteriophage
Nucleotides
Deoxyribose and ribose
The study of dna structure and function at the molecular level
Virus that infects bacteria
Repeating structural units of nucleic acids
Two types of sugars
Molecular genetics
The study of dna structure and function at the molecular level
Bacteriophage
Virus that infects bacteria
46 terms
Chapter 9: Molecular Structure of DNA and RNA
Molecular genetics
DNA
RNA
Identification of DNA as the Genetic M…
the study of DNA structure and function at the molecular leve…
Deoxyribonucleic acid
Ribonucleic acid
To fulfill this role genetic material must meet 4 criteria
Molecular genetics
the study of DNA structure and function at the molecular leve…
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid
84 terms
(Genetics) Chapter 9: DNA Structure and Replication
True/False: DNA is considered the here…
____ used models to deduce the double…
____ first noted an acidic substance i…
True/False: Rosalind Franklin's X-ray…
True
James Watson and Francis Crick
Miescher
True
True/False: DNA is considered the here…
True
____ used models to deduce the double…
James Watson and Francis Crick
60 terms
Genetics Chapter 9: DNA Structure and Analysis
genetic material
four characteristics of genetic material
transcription
translation
...
replication, storage of info, expression of info, variation b…
...
...
genetic material
...
four characteristics of genetic material
replication, storage of info, expression of info, variation b…
31 terms
Genetics Chapter 9 Molecular Structure of DNA and RNA
molecular genetics
DNA
RNA
4 criteria of the genetic material
the study of DNA structure and function at the molecular level.
Deoxyribonucleic acid
ribonucleic acid
1. it must contain the information necessary to construct an…
molecular genetics
the study of DNA structure and function at the molecular level.
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid
13 terms
Genetics Chapter 9- DNA structure and Analysis
Griffith Experiment
Hershey-Chase Experiment
Chemical components of DNA
Chemical components of RNA
Dead S virus and live R virus ended up killing mouse because…
Used phosphorus labeled nucleotides (DNA), and sulfur labeled…
Phosphate, sugar, and a nitrogenous base. Base on C1, H on C2…
Sugar, nitrogenous base, phosphate group. Base on C1, OH on C…
Griffith Experiment
Dead S virus and live R virus ended up killing mouse because…
Hershey-Chase Experiment
Used phosphorus labeled nucleotides (DNA), and sulfur labeled…
45 terms
Chapter 9: Molecular Structure of DNA and RNA
molecular genetics
information
transmission
replication
- an examination of DNA structure and function at the molecul…
- the genetic material must contain the information necessary…
- during reproduction, the genetic material must be passed fr…
- the process in which original DNA strands are used as templ…
molecular genetics
- an examination of DNA structure and function at the molecul…
information
- the genetic material must contain the information necessary…
41 terms
Genetics: Chapter 9 Molecular and structure of DNA & RNA
Base + sugar =
Examples of Base+sugar=Nucleoside
Base + sugar + phosphate(s) =
Examples of Base + sugar + phosphate(s…
NucleoSide
Adenine + ribose = Adenosine... Adenine + deoxyribose = Deoxyade…
NucleoTide
Adenosine monophosphate (AMP)... Adenosine diphosphate (ADP)... Ade…
Base + sugar =
NucleoSide
Examples of Base+sugar=Nucleoside
Adenine + ribose = Adenosine... Adenine + deoxyribose = Deoxyade…
9 terms
Chapter 9: Molecular Structure of DNA and RNA
Griffith
Avery, MacLeod, and McCarty
Hershey and Chase
Nucleoside
Used S. pneumoniae to see that type S bacteria could transfor…
Determined that the transforming material was DNA
Used radioactive isotopes, only the genetic material of the p…
Base + Sugar
Griffith
Used S. pneumoniae to see that type S bacteria could transfor…
Avery, MacLeod, and McCarty
Determined that the transforming material was DNA
Chapter 9 Molecular Structure of DNA and RNA
Nucleotides
Linus Pauling
Erwin Chargaff
Chargaff's Experiment/data
covalently linked together by phosphodiester bonds 5' to 3' d…
Proposed that protein can fold into secondary structure
Chargaff pioneered many of the biochemical techniques for the…
Percent of adenin=percent of thymine... Percent of cytosine=perc…
Nucleotides
covalently linked together by phosphodiester bonds 5' to 3' d…
Linus Pauling
Proposed that protein can fold into secondary structure
23 terms
Chapter 9 (Molecular Structure of DNA and RNA)
Molecular Genetics
Requirements of Genetic Material
S Strains (Smooth)
R Strains (Rough)
Study of DNA structure and function at the molecular level
1. Information: must contain the information necessary to mak…
secretes a polysaccharide capsule, to protect bacterium from…
Unable to secrete a capsule;... produces colonies with a rough a…
Molecular Genetics
Study of DNA structure and function at the molecular level
Requirements of Genetic Material
1. Information: must contain the information necessary to mak…
75 terms
Week 2-Chapter 9-DNA Structure and Replication
DNA was first discovered by
Friedrich Miescher discovered DNA by
First to provide evidence linking inhe…
Showed that a molecule in a lethal typ…
Friedrich Miescher in the mid 19th century
Isolating nuclei from WBC's in pus of soiled bandages; called…
Archibald Garrod
Frederick Griffith's 1928 expriement using mice and 2 strains…
DNA was first discovered by
Friedrich Miescher in the mid 19th century
Friedrich Miescher discovered DNA by
Isolating nuclei from WBC's in pus of soiled bandages; called…
18 terms
Chapter 9: Molecular Structure of DNA and RNA
Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA)
Ribonucleic Acid (RNA)
Nucleic Acids
Purine
the genetic material. It is a double-stranded structure, with…
a nucleic acid that is composed of ribonucleotides. In living…
RNA or DNA. A macromolecule that is composed of repeating nuc…
a type of nitrogenous base that has a double-ring structure.…
Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA)
the genetic material. It is a double-stranded structure, with…
Ribonucleic Acid (RNA)
a nucleic acid that is composed of ribonucleotides. In living…
39 terms
Lesson 5: DNA structure and analysis (Chapter 9)
What experiment revealed that DNA is t…
What was the experimental design of th…
What was griffith's conclusion based o…
What macromolecules existed around the…
Griffith (1928):... 2 strains of Streptococcus pnuemoniae bacter…
Living IIIS cells injected= mouse gets pnuemonia and dies.... Li…
That there is some transforming principle that was transferre…
Lipids, Polysaccharides, Proteins, and Nucleic acids (DNA and…
What experiment revealed that DNA is t…
Griffith (1928):... 2 strains of Streptococcus pnuemoniae bacter…
What was the experimental design of th…
Living IIIS cells injected= mouse gets pnuemonia and dies.... Li…
30 terms
Chapter 9: Molecular Structure of DNA and RNA
Molecular Genetics
Frederick Griffiths
Avery, Macleod, McCarty
Hershey and Chase
Study of DNA structure and function at the molecular level
Mice and pneumonia experiment in which the dead S strain was…
Invitro testing with the addition of type R strain, type S st…
T2 bacteriophage and E.Coli. T2 DNA is radiolabeled with 32P…
Molecular Genetics
Study of DNA structure and function at the molecular level
Frederick Griffiths
Mice and pneumonia experiment in which the dead S strain was…
30 terms
Biology Chapter 9 (DNA structure and Replication)
What is DNA
what are DNAs monomers?
what are the monomers made of?
a nitrogen base can either be _____ or…
a polymer
nucleotides
Phosphate group (PO4)... Deoxyribose sugar (pentose)... and a Nitro…
Purine or Pyrimidine
What is DNA
a polymer
what are DNAs monomers?
nucleotides
30 terms
Microbiology Chapter 9 DNA Structure and Replication
Monomers of DNA
3 molecules nucleotides are made out of
4 nitrogen bases
belongs to a double ring group called…
nucleotides
five carbon sugars; phosphate group; one of four nitrogen bases
adenine; guanine; thymine; cytosine
adenine and guanine
Monomers of DNA
nucleotides
3 molecules nucleotides are made out of
five carbon sugars; phosphate group; one of four nitrogen bases
Chapter 9: DNA and the Molecular Structure of Chromosomes
Genetic material must __________, ____…
The genotype function is -
The phenotype function is -
The evolutionary functions is -
a) replicate ... b) control growth ... c) development
Replication: Genetic material must store information & accura…
Gene expression: Genetic material must control development of…
mutation: Genetic material must undergo changes to produce va…
Genetic material must __________, ____…
a) replicate ... b) control growth ... c) development
The genotype function is -
Replication: Genetic material must store information & accura…
Chapter 9 (Molecular structure of DNA/RNA)
Define Molecular genetics
To fulfill it's genetic role, the gene…
Fredrick Griffin studied what type of…
What do smooth strands of S. pneumonia…
The study of DNA structure and function at the molecular level.
1. Information: Must contain information necessary to complet…
Streptococcus Pneumoniae
Capsule allows bacteria to escape attack by the mouse's immun…
Define Molecular genetics
The study of DNA structure and function at the molecular level.
To fulfill it's genetic role, the gene…
1. Information: Must contain information necessary to complet…
12 terms
Bio 101 Chapter 9: DNA Structure
-Structure of DNA... -1909 identified rib…
-Sugar... -Phosphate... -Base... -Discovered by…
-Adenine pairs with Thymine... -Guanine p…
-Maurice Wilkins & Rosalind Franklin... -…
Discovered by Levene
3 Parts of Nucleic Acid
DNA Base Pairs
DNA forms a double helix
-Structure of DNA... -1909 identified rib…
Discovered by Levene
-Sugar... -Phosphate... -Base... -Discovered by…
3 Parts of Nucleic Acid
37 terms
Genetics chapter 9: DNA structure and Replication
3 parts of a nucleotide
nucleotide
Friedrich Miescher
Archibald Garrod
sugar, phosphate, base
single building block of DNA
-isolated white blood cell nuclei from pus... -found an acid sub…
-linked inheritance of "inborn errors of metabolism" with the…
3 parts of a nucleotide
sugar, phosphate, base
nucleotide
single building block of DNA
18 terms
chapter 9 molecular structure of DNA & RNA
Frederick griffith experiments
experiments of Avery, MacLeod and McCa…
experiments of Hersey and Chase
three components of a nucleotide
-studied streptococci pneumoniae... S strain had capsules, R str…
first ones to say that it was DNA that was being transferred.…
identified the genetic material of the bacteriophage T2 using…
a phosphate group, a pentose sugar (either ribose or deoxyrib…
Frederick griffith experiments
-studied streptococci pneumoniae... S strain had capsules, R str…
experiments of Avery, MacLeod and McCa…
first ones to say that it was DNA that was being transferred.…
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