Study sets matching "structure dna"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "structure dna"

15 terms
DNA - Structure
DNA
Nucleic Acid
Nucleotide
Adenine
Deoxyribonucleic acid. A molecule that stores genetic informa…
A polymer of nucleotides that stores genetic information
The building block that makes up nucleic acids like DNA
The base that pairs with Thymine in DNA. It's a purine.
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid. A molecule that stores genetic informa…
Nucleic Acid
A polymer of nucleotides that stores genetic information
12 terms
DNA Structure
nucleic acid
nucleotide
5 carbon sugar
phosphate group
C, H, O, N, P, DNA and RNA
A building block of DNA, consisting of a five-carbon sugar co…
component of a nucleotide, , DNA->deoxyribose; RNA->ribose
A molecule in the backbone of DNA and RNA that links adjoinin…
nucleic acid
C, H, O, N, P, DNA and RNA
nucleotide
A building block of DNA, consisting of a five-carbon sugar co…
DNA Structure
Watson & Crick
Nucleotide
DNA
Double helix
Watson & Crick -Used Chargraff's Rules and Rosalind Franklins…
Contains ATCG, A Deoxiribose Sugar, and is double stranded
The Shape of DNA
Watson & Crick
Watson & Crick -Used Chargraff's Rules and Rosalind Franklins…
Nucleotide
DNA - Structure
DNA
Nucleic Acid
Nucleotide
Adenine
Deoxyribonucleic acid. A molecule that stores genetic informa…
A polymer of nucleotides that stores or transports genetic in…
The building block that makes up nucleic acids like DNA
The base that pairs with Thymine in DNA. It's a purine.
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid. A molecule that stores genetic informa…
Nucleic Acid
A polymer of nucleotides that stores or transports genetic in…
18 terms
DNA - Structure
DNA
Nucleic Acid
Nucleotide
Adenine
Deoxyribonucleic acid. A molecule that stores genetic informa…
A polymer of nucleotides that stores genetic information
The building block that makes up nucleic acids like DNA
The base that pairs with Thymine in DNA. It's a purine.
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid. A molecule that stores genetic informa…
Nucleic Acid
A polymer of nucleotides that stores genetic information
15 terms
DNA - Structure
polymer
nucleic acids
nucleotides
3 parts of a nucleotide
a macromolecule made of repeating subunits (micromolecules)
genetic material - DNA and RNA
repeating subunits of DNA and RNA
a sugar, a phosphate group and an N-base
polymer
a macromolecule made of repeating subunits (micromolecules)
nucleic acids
genetic material - DNA and RNA
12 terms
DNA STRUCTURE
deoxyribonucleic acid
DNA
nucleotide
adenine
A nucleic acid found in all living cells which carries the or…
stands for deoxyribonucleic acid
A subunit of DNA formed from a sugar, a phosphate group, and…
A nitrogen base - thymine bonds with. (A)
deoxyribonucleic acid
A nucleic acid found in all living cells which carries the or…
DNA
stands for deoxyribonucleic acid
15 terms
DNA Structure
double helix
deoxyribonucleic acid
nucleotide
adenine
________________The spiral shape of DNA,
________________(full name) (DNA)
________________A subunit formed from a sugar, a phosphate gr…
________________A base found in DNA , pairs with thymine in D…
double helix
________________The spiral shape of DNA,
deoxyribonucleic acid
________________(full name) (DNA)
15 terms
DNA - Structure
DNA
Nucleic Acid
Nucleotide
Adenine
Deoxyribonucleic acid. A molecule that stores genetic informa…
A polymer of nucleotides that stores genetic information
The building block that makes up nucleic acids like DNA
The base that pairs with Thymine in DNA. It's a purine.
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid. A molecule that stores genetic informa…
Nucleic Acid
A polymer of nucleotides that stores genetic information
DNA Structure
Watson and Crick
Nucleotide
DNA
Codon
Figured out structure of DNA was a double helix
Watson and Crick
Figured out structure of DNA was a double helix
Nucleotide
DNA Structure
DNA
Nucleic Acids
Nucleotide
Deoxyribose
Deoxyribonucleic Acid - molecule that transfers (passes) info…
organic molecule made of nucleotides - two types - RNA & DNA
building block (smaller part) of nucleic acids like DNA and RNA
5-carbon sugar found in DNA, shaped like a house
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic Acid - molecule that transfers (passes) info…
Nucleic Acids
organic molecule made of nucleotides - two types - RNA & DNA
18 terms
DNA Structure and DNA Replication
DNA
helicase
guanine
Base Pairing
contains the instructions for, and controls, the production o…
an enzyme that "unzips" DNA by breaking the hydrogen bonds th…
a purine nitrogen base in DNA that pairs with cytosine
Chargaff's rules which state that A = T and C = G
DNA
contains the instructions for, and controls, the production o…
helicase
an enzyme that "unzips" DNA by breaking the hydrogen bonds th…
20 terms
DNA Structure and DNA Replication
DNA
helicase
guanine
Base Pairing
contains the instructions for, and controls, the production o…
an enzyme that "unzips" DNA by breaking the hydrogen bonds th…
a purine nitrogen base in DNA that pairs with cytosine
Chargaff's rules which state that A = T and C = G
DNA
contains the instructions for, and controls, the production o…
helicase
an enzyme that "unzips" DNA by breaking the hydrogen bonds th…
11 terms
DNA Structure
chromosomes
nucleotide
double helix
mutation
rod-shaped cellular structure made of condensed chromatin; co…
in a nucleic-acid chain, a subunit that consists of a sugar,…
Shape of a DNA molecule formed when two twisted DNA strands a…
change in a DNA sequence that affects genetic information
chromosomes
rod-shaped cellular structure made of condensed chromatin; co…
nucleotide
in a nucleic-acid chain, a subunit that consists of a sugar,…
DNA Structure
chromosomes
nucleotide
double helix
chromatin
rod-shaped cellular structure made of condensed chromatin; co…
in a nucleic-acid chain, a subunit that consists of a sugar,…
Shape of a DNA molecule formed when two twisted DNA strands a…
long strands of DNA found in the eukaryotic cell nucleus; con…
chromosomes
rod-shaped cellular structure made of condensed chromatin; co…
nucleotide
in a nucleic-acid chain, a subunit that consists of a sugar,…
DNA Structure & DNA Replication
D) All of the above
D) an RNA primer
C) It requires a short RNA primer to p…
D) all of the above
What does a nucleotide consist of ?... A) Base C) Phosphate... B) S…
Since the first nucleotides cannot be linked in a newly synth…
Which statement about the elongation of the lagging strand du…
Replication of DNA requires _____. ... A) unwinding ... B) compleme…
D) All of the above
What does a nucleotide consist of ?... A) Base C) Phosphate... B) S…
D) an RNA primer
Since the first nucleotides cannot be linked in a newly synth…
12 terms
DNA Structure
chromosomes
nucleotide
double helix
chromatin
rod-shaped cellular structure made of condensed chromatin; co…
in a nucleic-acid chain, a subunit that consists of a sugar,…
Shape of a DNA molecule formed when two twisted DNA strands a…
long strands of DNA found in the eukaryotic cell nucleus; con…
chromosomes
rod-shaped cellular structure made of condensed chromatin; co…
nucleotide
in a nucleic-acid chain, a subunit that consists of a sugar,…
24 terms
DNA Structure
nucleus
gene
make specific proteins
nucleotides
Where is DNA located in our cells?
What do you call a segment of DNA that codes for a protein?
What do most of our DNA tell our cells to do?
What are the subunits or building blocks of DNA?
nucleus
Where is DNA located in our cells?
gene
What do you call a segment of DNA that codes for a protein?
DNA Structure
DNA
Nucleic Acid
Nucleotide
Adenine
Deoxyribonucleic acid. A molecule that stores genetic informa…
A polymer of nucleotides that stores genetic information
The building block that makes up nucleic acids like DNA
The base that pairs with Thymine in DNA. It's a purine.
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid. A molecule that stores genetic informa…
Nucleic Acid
A polymer of nucleotides that stores genetic information
DNA Structure and DNA Replication
DNA
helicase
guanine
Base Pairing
contains the instructions for, and controls, the production o…
an enzyme that "unzips" DNA by breaking the hydrogen bonds th…
a purine nitrogen base in DNA that pairs with cytosine
Chargaff's rules which state that A = T and C = G
DNA
contains the instructions for, and controls, the production o…
helicase
an enzyme that "unzips" DNA by breaking the hydrogen bonds th…
10 terms
DNA Structure
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
Nitrogen base
Adenine
Thymine
Genetic material that stores the instructions for making all…
Make up the "rungs" of DNA, Adenine/Thymine, Cytosine/Guanine
The base that pairs with Thymine in DNA
The base that pairs Adenine in DNA
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
Genetic material that stores the instructions for making all…
Nitrogen base
Make up the "rungs" of DNA, Adenine/Thymine, Cytosine/Guanine
29 terms
DNA structure
3 parts of a nucleotide
nucleotide
back bones (the sides of the helix) of…
antiparallel
phosphate group, deoxyribose sugar (5 carbon sugar), nitrogen…
A building block of DNA, consisting of a five-carbon sugar co…
sugar and phosphate
The opposite arrangement of the sugar-phosphate backbones in…
3 parts of a nucleotide
phosphate group, deoxyribose sugar (5 carbon sugar), nitrogen…
nucleotide
A building block of DNA, consisting of a five-carbon sugar co…
13 terms
DNA structure
Nucleotides
Adenine
Cytosine
Purines
Subunits of DNA
Nucleotide that Thymine pairs up with
Nucleotide that Guanine pairs up with
Adenine and Guanine
Nucleotides
Subunits of DNA
Adenine
Nucleotide that Thymine pairs up with
DNA Structure
Chromatin
Chromosome
Sugar
Phosphate
loosely organized "strands" of DNA found in the nucleus befor…
single rod structure of condensed DNA. "all alone". Humans ha…
5 carbon sugar "deoxyribose" that makes up 1 of the 3 parts o…
Alternating with sugars, phosphates make up the "sides" of th…
Chromatin
loosely organized "strands" of DNA found in the nucleus befor…
Chromosome
single rod structure of condensed DNA. "all alone". Humans ha…
13 terms
DNA Structure
double helix
deoxyribonucleic acid
nucleotide
adenine
________________The spiral shape of DNA,
________________(full name) (DNA)
________________A subunit formed from a sugar, a phosphate gr…
________________A base found in DNA , pairs with thymine in D…
double helix
________________The spiral shape of DNA,
deoxyribonucleic acid
________________(full name) (DNA)
DNA - Structure
DNA
Nucleic Acid
Nucleotide
Adenine
Deoxyribonucleic acid. A molecule that stores genetic informa…
A polymer of nucleotides that stores genetic information
The building block that makes up nucleic acids like DNA
The base that pairs with Thymine in DNA. It's a purine.
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid. A molecule that stores genetic informa…
Nucleic Acid
A polymer of nucleotides that stores genetic information
DNA - Structure
DNA
Nucleic Acid
Nucleotide
Adenine
Deoxyribonucleic acid. A molecule that stores genetic informa…
A polymer of nucleotides that stores or transports genetic in…
The building block that makes up nucleic acids like DNA
The base that pairs with Thymine in DNA. It's a purine.
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid. A molecule that stores genetic informa…
Nucleic Acid
A polymer of nucleotides that stores or transports genetic in…
DNA - Structure
DNA
Nucleic Acid
Nucleotide
Adenine
Deoxyribonucleic acid. A molecule that stores genetic informa…
A polymer of nucleotides that stores genetic information
The building block that makes up nucleic acids like DNA
The base that pairs with Thymine in DNA. It's a purine.
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid. A molecule that stores genetic informa…
Nucleic Acid
A polymer of nucleotides that stores genetic information
5 terms
DNA Structure
Nitrogenous Bases
Adenine
Thymine
Cytosine
"The purines (adenine and guanine) and pyrimidines (thymine,…
A purine nitrogenous base found in DNA and RNA. It is a pairs…
A pyrimidine nitrogenous base found only in DNA. It pairs wit…
A pyrimidine nitrogenous base found in DNA and RNA. It pairs…
Nitrogenous Bases
"The purines (adenine and guanine) and pyrimidines (thymine,…
Adenine
A purine nitrogenous base found in DNA and RNA. It is a pairs…
8 terms
DNA Structure
Double Helix
Nucleotide
Hydrogen bonds
Adenine (A)
The name for the double twisting shape of DNA
Units that make up DNA; composed of a sugar, phosphate and ni…
weak bonds that hold the nitrogenous base pairs together
Always pairs with thymine (T)
Double Helix
The name for the double twisting shape of DNA
Nucleotide
Units that make up DNA; composed of a sugar, phosphate and ni…
8 terms
DNA Structure
DNA
double helix
nitrogenous bases
hydrogen bonds
- deoxyribonucleic acid, stores genetic information, double h…
Shape of DNA... "The DNA molecule, resembling a spiral staircase…
what make up the "rungs" of the DNA ladder?
The two strands of a DNA double helix are held together by __…
DNA
- deoxyribonucleic acid, stores genetic information, double h…
double helix
Shape of DNA... "The DNA molecule, resembling a spiral staircase…
10 terms
DNA Structure
nucleotides
double helix
G (Guanine)
DNA
Building blocks of nucleic acids
Shape of DNA
goes together with C (cytosine)
a chain of repeating units that have the material that helps…
nucleotides
Building blocks of nucleic acids
double helix
Shape of DNA
21 terms
DNA - Structure
DNA
Nucleic Acid
Nucleotide
Adenine
Deoxyribonucleic acid. A molecule that stores genetic informa…
A polymer of nucleotides that stores or transports genetic in…
The building block that makes up nucleic acids like DNA
The base that pairs with Thymine in DNA. It's a purine.
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid. A molecule that stores genetic informa…
Nucleic Acid
A polymer of nucleotides that stores or transports genetic in…
DNA - Structure
polymer
nucleic acids
nucleotides
3 parts of a nucleotide
a macromolecule made of repeating subunits (micromolecules)
genetic material - DNA and RNA
repeating subunits of DNA and RNA
a sugar, a phosphate group and an N-base
polymer
a macromolecule made of repeating subunits (micromolecules)
nucleic acids
genetic material - DNA and RNA
17 terms
DNA - Structure
DNA
Nucleic Acid
Nucleotide
Adenine
Deoxyribonucleic acid. A molecule that stores genetic informa…
A polymer of nucleotides that stores genetic information
The building block that makes up nucleic acids like DNA
The base that pairs with Thymine in DNA. It's a purine.
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid. A molecule that stores genetic informa…
Nucleic Acid
A polymer of nucleotides that stores genetic information
18 terms
DNA Structure
DNA
Nucleic Acid
Nucleotide
Adenine
Deoxyribonucleic acid. A molecule that stores genetic informa…
A polymer of nucleotides that stores genetic information
The building block that makes up nucleic acids like DNA
The base that pairs with Thymine in DNA. It's a purine.
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid. A molecule that stores genetic informa…
Nucleic Acid
A polymer of nucleotides that stores genetic information
16 terms
DNA Structure
Sugar (deoxyribose)
Phosphate group
Base (nitrogen-containing)
A
Together with the phosphate molecules makes the backbone of DNA
Together with the sugar it makes the backbone of DNA
One of four different bases. The order of these bases on the…
Adenine - the base that pairs with Thymine
Sugar (deoxyribose)
Together with the phosphate molecules makes the backbone of DNA
Phosphate group
Together with the sugar it makes the backbone of DNA
DNA Structure
Dna
Nucleotide
Double helix
Hydrogen bond
a double-stranded, helical nucleic acid molecule capable of r…
a building block of DNA or RNA, consisting of a sugar, a nitr…
a pair of parallel helices intertwined about a common axis
a type of weak chemical bond formed between the nitrogenous b…
Dna
a double-stranded, helical nucleic acid molecule capable of r…
Nucleotide
a building block of DNA or RNA, consisting of a sugar, a nitr…
28 terms
DNA structure
Frederick Griffith
Frederick Griffith's Tests
Oswald Avery
Hershey and Chase
-studied pneumonia during WW1... -concluded that there must be a…
1. Put Strain R into a mouse: mouse lived... 2. Put Strain S int…
-repeats griffith's experiment but removes a part of the cell…
-checking to see if DNA was actually the genetic material ... -u…
Frederick Griffith
-studied pneumonia during WW1... -concluded that there must be a…
Frederick Griffith's Tests
1. Put Strain R into a mouse: mouse lived... 2. Put Strain S int…
11 terms
DNA Structure
double helix
deoxyribonucleic acid
nucleotide
adenine
________________The shape of DNA, referring to its two strand…
________________(full name) (DNA) A nucleic acid molecule, do…
________________A subunit formed from a sugar, a phosphate gr…
________________A base found in DNA and RNA. It pairs with th…
double helix
________________The shape of DNA, referring to its two strand…
deoxyribonucleic acid
________________(full name) (DNA) A nucleic acid molecule, do…
12 terms
DNA Structure
DNA
Chromosome
Nucleotides
Nitrogen Bases
Deoxyribonucleic acid; the blueprint of life
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid; the blueprint of life
Chromosome
7 terms
Structure of DNA
Structure of DNA
Nucleotides
Chargaff's Observation
Wilkins and Franklin's
nucleotide's (subunits of DNA), nitrogen base- ACTG
Phosphate group and five carbon sugars
Amount A=T :Adenine, Thymie... Amount C=G :Cytosine, Guanine
X-ray of DNA (inventors of the X-ray machine)
Structure of DNA
nucleotide's (subunits of DNA), nitrogen base- ACTG
Nucleotides
Phosphate group and five carbon sugars
9 terms
DNA - Structure
DNA
Nucleotide
Adenine-thymine; guanine-cytosine
Complementary
Deoxyribonucleic acid. A molecule that stores genetic informa…
The basic building blocks of DNA
Rules of base-pairing in DNA
An adjective used to describe two bases that always pair up t…
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid. A molecule that stores genetic informa…
Nucleotide
The basic building blocks of DNA
DNA Structure
double helix
DNA is a long chain of __________
3 parts to a nucleotide
4 nitrogen bases
The shape of DNA
nucleotides
sugar, phosphate and nitrogen base
Adenine, Thymine, Cytosine and Guanine
double helix
The shape of DNA
DNA is a long chain of __________
nucleotides
21 terms
DNA - structure
DNA
Nucleic Acid
Nucleotide
Adenine
An organic macromolecule that stores information about how to…
An organic macromolecule that stores genetic information
The building block that makes up nucleic acids like DNA
The base that pairs with Thymine in DNA
DNA
An organic macromolecule that stores information about how to…
Nucleic Acid
An organic macromolecule that stores genetic information
DNA structure
Deoxyribonucleic acid
DNA
Nucleotide
Deoxyribose sugar
What does DNA stand for?
A long linear polymer found in the nucleus of a cell and form…
A building block of DNA, consisting of a five-carbon sugar co…
sugar used in DNA to make up the "backbone"
Deoxyribonucleic acid
What does DNA stand for?
DNA
A long linear polymer found in the nucleus of a cell and form…
DNA structure
Deoxyribonucleic acid
DNA
Nucleotide
Deoxyribose sugar
What does DNA stand for?
A long linear polymer found in the nucleus of a cell and form…
A building block of DNA, consisting of a five-carbon sugar co…
sugar used in DNA to make up the "backbone"
Deoxyribonucleic acid
What does DNA stand for?
DNA
A long linear polymer found in the nucleus of a cell and form…
18 terms
DNA Structure
DNA
Nucleic Acid
Nucleotide
Adenine
Deoxyribonucleic acid. A molecule that stores genetic informa…
A polymer of nucleotides that stores genetic information
The building block that makes up nucleic acids like DNA
The base that pairs with Thymine in DNA. It's a purine.
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid. A molecule that stores genetic informa…
Nucleic Acid
A polymer of nucleotides that stores genetic information
13 terms
DNA structure
DNA
purine
pyrimidine
Adenine
Deoxyribonucleic acid
two ringed nitrogen base
one ringed nitrogen base
bonds to thymine
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid
purine
two ringed nitrogen base
12 terms
DNA Structure
Nucleotide
Double Helix
Base Pairing Rules for DNA
RNA Base Pairing
Building block (monomer) of DNA
Twisted ladder structure of DNA molecule
A matches with T, C matches with G due to their ability to fo…
T is replaced by U when RNA is created
Nucleotide
Building block (monomer) of DNA
Double Helix
Twisted ladder structure of DNA molecule
1 of 10