How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Study sets matching "structure function biology 101"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "structure function biology 101"

40 terms
Biology 101 - Membrane Structure and Function
amphipathic molecules
phospholipid
fluid mosaic model
freeze-fracture
have dual functions
most abundant molecule in plasma membrane, has hydrophilic he…
states that membrane is fluid structure with a "mosaic" of va…
specialized preparation technique that splits a membrane alon…
amphipathic molecules
have dual functions
phospholipid
most abundant molecule in plasma membrane, has hydrophilic he…
105 terms
Biology 101 Ch.03 Cell Structure and Function
Which of the following contain a nucle…
Which of the following is true of the…
Which of the following is a function o…
Diffusion is the movement of molecules…
d. Eukaryotic Cell
d. They are made of tough fiber
d. Regulates which materials enters and leaves the cell
b. High to low concentration
Which of the following contain a nucle…
d. Eukaryotic Cell
Which of the following is true of the…
d. They are made of tough fiber
15 terms
Biology 101 - Lesson 4: Cell Structure and Function
Phospholipids are
The likely reason why cells are small…
All cells possess all of the following…
All living organisms have:
found in cell membranes.
True.... (Diffusion, a natural process used by the cells to pass…
a nuclear membrane.... (Remember only eukaryotic cells possess a…
DNA
Phospholipids are
found in cell membranes.
The likely reason why cells are small…
True.... (Diffusion, a natural process used by the cells to pass…
105 terms
Biology 101 Ch.03 Cell Structure and Function
Which of the following contain a nucle…
Which of the following is true of the…
Which of the following is a function o…
Diffusion is the movement of molecules…
d. Eukaryotic Cell
d. They are made of tough fiber
d. Regulates which materials enters and leaves the cell
b. High to low concentration
Which of the following contain a nucle…
d. Eukaryotic Cell
Which of the following is true of the…
d. They are made of tough fiber
42 terms
biology 101 Chapter 5. Membrane Structure and Function
active transport
adhesion junction
aquaporin
bulk transport -
-Use of a plasma membrane carrier protein to move a molecule…
-Junction between cells in which the adjacent plasma membrane…
- Channel protein through which water can diffuse across a me…
Movement of substances, usually large particles, across the p…
active transport
-Use of a plasma membrane carrier protein to move a molecule…
adhesion junction
-Junction between cells in which the adjacent plasma membrane…
63 terms
Biology 101 Chapter 4- Cell Structure and Function
Light Microscope
Electron Microscopes
SEM microscope
TEM microscope
Basic microscope, glass lenses, magnifies 1000x... Uses: General…
Tungsten filament, magnetic lenses. SEM and TEM
Scans Surfaces 100,000x
Transmission, internal structures, 200,000x
Light Microscope
Basic microscope, glass lenses, magnifies 1000x... Uses: General…
Electron Microscopes
Tungsten filament, magnetic lenses. SEM and TEM
42 terms
Biology 101 - The Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules
macromolecules
polymer
monomer
condensation/dehydration reaction
large molecules composed of thousands of covalently connected…
a long molecule consisting of many similar, small building bl…
a small building blocks of a polymer
when two monomers bond together through the loss of a water m…
macromolecules
large molecules composed of thousands of covalently connected…
polymer
a long molecule consisting of many similar, small building bl…
10 terms
Biology 101: Introduction to Cell Structure and Function
Cell Theory
All Cells
Basic Types of cells:
Classification of cells based on nutri…
A) All organisms composed of 1 or more cells... B) Cells are bas…
A) Bounded by cell membranes (plasma membrane) - separates in…
Every organism is composed of only one of these cell types: 3…
A) heterotrophic = cells or organisms that depend on an outsi…
Cell Theory
A) All organisms composed of 1 or more cells... B) Cells are bas…
All Cells
A) Bounded by cell membranes (plasma membrane) - separates in…
29 terms
Biology 101 - Chapter 3 -> Cell Structure and Function
Prokaryotic Cells (Before Cells)
Eukaryotic Cells (New Cells)
Robert Hooke
Schleiden (Plants), Schwann (Animal) a…
- Small ... - Primitive... - Lacks membrane that has certain geneti…
- Large ... - Complex... - Organelles ... - Nucleus ... Contain Genetic m…
- Coin (make) the term "Cell"... - Increased magnification of th…
These three (3) scientists came up with the Cell Theory
Prokaryotic Cells (Before Cells)
- Small ... - Primitive... - Lacks membrane that has certain geneti…
Eukaryotic Cells (New Cells)
- Large ... - Complex... - Organelles ... - Nucleus ... Contain Genetic m…
36 terms
Biology 101 - Chapter #4 - Membrane Structure and Function
Plasma Membrane
Glycocalyx (Plasma Membrane)
Plasma Membrane Proteins
Peripheral Protein
- Regulates the entrance and exit of molecules into and out o…
Fuzzy appearance of the cell due to carbohydrate chains on mo…
- Peripheral Protein... - Integral Proteins (Transmembrane)
- Can be found on the inside or on the outside of the membran…
Plasma Membrane
- Regulates the entrance and exit of molecules into and out o…
Glycocalyx (Plasma Membrane)
Fuzzy appearance of the cell due to carbohydrate chains on mo…
18 terms
Biology 101 chapter 4: cell structure and function
Smallest unit that shows the propertie…
Plasma
Nucleus is in eukaryotic cells t or f ?
Nucleoid region in prokaryotic cells t…
Cell
Controls substances passing in and out of the cell
True
True
Smallest unit that shows the propertie…
Cell
Plasma
Controls substances passing in and out of the cell
36 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
36 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
31 terms
Biology- Cell Structure and Function
cell
cell theory
cell membrane
nucleus
Basic unit of life
..., idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells…
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
Control center of the cell. Contains DNA.
cell
Basic unit of life
cell theory
..., idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells…
15 terms
Biology 101 - Lesson 5: Cell Membrane Structure and Function
Which statement describes the process…
Water moves across a membrane toward a…
Which of the following types of membra…
Which of the following is an energy-re…
movement of molecules down their concentration gradient
False.
receptor proteins
receptor-mediated endocytosis
Which statement describes the process…
movement of molecules down their concentration gradient
Water moves across a membrane toward a…
False.
32 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
23 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
9 terms
Biology - Cell Structure Function
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
Cytoplasm
Vacuole
Membrane that surrounds the cytoplasm of the cell. It control…
Encloses the entire plant cell, including cell membrane. It p…
Part between the cell membrane and the nucleus. It is where c…
Fluid-filled space enclosed by a membrane, storing vital subs…
Cell Membrane
Membrane that surrounds the cytoplasm of the cell. It control…
Cell Wall
Encloses the entire plant cell, including cell membrane. It p…
36 terms
Biology- Cell Structure & Function
cell
cell theory
nucleus
eukaryote
collection of living matter enclosed by a barrier, the basic…
idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells are…
the structure which contains the cell's genetic material (DNA…
organism whose cells contain nuclei
cell
collection of living matter enclosed by a barrier, the basic…
cell theory
idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells are…
30 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
prokaryotic cell
eukaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell that has a nucleus and other membrane-bound organelles.
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
21 terms
OMM 101: Structure and Function
Rule of Proximity
Rule of Function
Musculoskeletal System
Rule of Supply
- understanding the spatial relationships in critical use of…
- complex unified organism: to understand structure and funct…
- 75% of body weight... - stability and framework... - gives cues t…
- two main contributors of supply in the body: arteries (oxyg…
Rule of Proximity
- understanding the spatial relationships in critical use of…
Rule of Function
- complex unified organism: to understand structure and funct…
47 terms
Biology 101 Chapter 7: : DNA Structure and Gene Function
Genome
Human Genome Project
DNA
Bacterial Transfer
all of the genetic material in the cells of an organism
sequenced the nucleotides found in human DNA, also know detai…
____ is the information molecule that directs the production…
the transfer of DNA from one bacteria to another
Genome
all of the genetic material in the cells of an organism
Human Genome Project
sequenced the nucleotides found in human DNA, also know detai…
35 terms
Biology - Cell Structure & Function
cell
cell theory
plasma membrane
eukaryotic cell
The basic structural and functional unit of all organisms.
The theory that cells form the fundamental structural and fun…
Also known as the cell membrane; the cells outer boundary; co…
Cell that has a nucleus and other membrane-bound organelles.
cell
The basic structural and functional unit of all organisms.
cell theory
The theory that cells form the fundamental structural and fun…
88 terms
Biology Cellular Structure and Function
concentration gradient
passive transport
phagocytosis
pinocytosis
A difference in the concentration of a substance across a dis…
Movement across the cell membrane that does not require energ…
A type of endocytosis in which the cell membrane engulfs larg…
A type of endocytosis in which the cell ingests extracellular…
concentration gradient
A difference in the concentration of a substance across a dis…
passive transport
Movement across the cell membrane that does not require energ…
48 terms
BIOL 101 Chp 7: Membrane Structure and Function
selective permeability
amphipathic
fluid mosaic model
integral protein
property of the plasma membrane that allows some substances t…
a molecule having both a hydrophilic region and a hydrophobic…
describes how a plasma membrane is a fluid structure with a v…
a transmembrane protein that penetrates the hydrophobic core…
selective permeability
property of the plasma membrane that allows some substances t…
amphipathic
a molecule having both a hydrophilic region and a hydrophobic…
37 terms
Biology Membrane Structure and Function
selective permeability
amphipathic
fluid mosaic model
integral protein
a property of biological membranes that allows them to regula…
having both a hydrophilic region and a hydrophobic region
the currently accepted model of cell membrane structure, whic…
a transmembrane protein with hydrophobic regions that extend…
selective permeability
a property of biological membranes that allows them to regula…
amphipathic
having both a hydrophilic region and a hydrophobic region
79 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
30 terms
Biology - cell structure and function
The size of a cell is limited by
The volume of a cell increase faster t…
Compound light microscope
Zacharias Jansen and his father Hans w…
surface area-to volume ratio
materials enter and leave the cell and if they become too lar…
uses light rays focused on glass lenses.
Compound microscope
The size of a cell is limited by
surface area-to volume ratio
The volume of a cell increase faster t…
materials enter and leave the cell and if they become too lar…
28 terms
Biology: Structure and Function
Adenosine triphosphate
Amino acid sequence
Anticodon
Base pairing
-
...
...
...
Adenosine triphosphate
-
Amino acid sequence
...
36 terms
Biology: Structure and function of plasma membrane
Plasma Membrane Component:
Plasma Membrane Structure is made of
1)Integral proteins:
2)Peripheral proteins:
1)Phospholipid: 40%... 2)Cholesterol:... 3)Proteins: 50%... 4)Carbohyd…
1)Lipid bilayer... Hydrophobic tail... Hydrophilic head... 2)Mosaic fl…
Single pass or multiple pass... Full pass or partial pass... Alpha…
no membrane pass
Plasma Membrane Component:
1)Phospholipid: 40%... 2)Cholesterol:... 3)Proteins: 50%... 4)Carbohyd…
Plasma Membrane Structure is made of
1)Lipid bilayer... Hydrophobic tail... Hydrophilic head... 2)Mosaic fl…
Cell Biology: Cell Structure and Function
Cells
Basic Cellular Structure
Plasma Membrane
Nucleus
Are the smallest units having the complex organization, metab…
Plasma Membrane, Nucleus, Cytoplasm
This outermost membrane of a cell separates internal metaboli…
This membrane-bound compartment contains hereditary instructi…
Cells
Are the smallest units having the complex organization, metab…
Basic Cellular Structure
Plasma Membrane, Nucleus, Cytoplasm
27 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
function of the cell membrane
function of the nucleus
function of mitochondria
function of the cytoskeleton
acts as a barrier to the outside of the cell, and controls wh…
holds the genetic information (chromosomes), and controls the…
The "cellular power plants". Takes in nutrients, breaks them…
organizes and maintains the cell shape
function of the cell membrane
acts as a barrier to the outside of the cell, and controls wh…
function of the nucleus
holds the genetic information (chromosomes), and controls the…
12 terms
Biology Cell Structure and Function
Nucleus
Vacoules and vesicles
Lysosomes
Cytoskeleton
contains DNA... Found in: Plant and Animal cells
Store materials.... Found in: Plant and Animal cells
Break down and recycle macro-molecules.... Found in: Plant and…
Maintains cell shape; moves cell parts; helps cells move.... Fo…
Nucleus
contains DNA... Found in: Plant and Animal cells
Vacoules and vesicles
Store materials.... Found in: Plant and Animal cells
31 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
54 terms
Biology cell structure and function
____ is the organelle in an animal cel…
one function of the cell wall is to pr…
all eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells a…
the nucleus sends instructions for pro…
mitochondria
structure and protection
cell membrane
ribosomes
____ is the organelle in an animal cel…
mitochondria
one function of the cell wall is to pr…
structure and protection
41 terms
Biology: DNA Structure and Function
Nucleotide
Deoxyribose sugar
Ribose sugar
Phosphate group
a DNA monomer that is made up of Deoxyribose sugar, a phospha…
The sugar that makes up the sugar part of a DNA nucleotide.
The sugar that makes up the sugar part of an RNA nucleotide.
Part of the DNA and RNA nucleotide that never changes.
Nucleotide
a DNA monomer that is made up of Deoxyribose sugar, a phospha…
Deoxyribose sugar
The sugar that makes up the sugar part of a DNA nucleotide.
16 terms
Cell Structures/Functions--Biology
Lysosome
Mitochondria
Nucleus
Ribosome
breaks down substances
produces energy
contains DNA
makes proteins
Lysosome
breaks down substances
Mitochondria
produces energy
58 terms
Biology - Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cell theory
cell theory
Robert Hooke
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells
theory that states that all cells are produced by other livin…
theory that states that and the cell is the basic unit of life
first to observe cells by looking at dead cork cells and gave…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells
cell theory
theory that states that all cells are produced by other livin…
36 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cell
cell theory
prokaryotic cell
eukaryotic cell
basic unit of life
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
A microscopic single-celled organism, including bacteria and…
A cell that contains a nucleus and membrane bound organelles;…
cell
basic unit of life
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
28 terms
Biology: Biomolecule Structure and Function
What atoms are in carbohydrates, and w…
What is the simplest carbohydrate?
What is the formula for all three form…
What makes glucose, fructose, and gala…
Carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. 1:2:1 ratio.
Monosaccharide; literally means "single sugar"
Monosaccharides are glucose, fructose, and galactose. C6H12O6…
The different molecular arrangement.
What atoms are in carbohydrates, and w…
Carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. 1:2:1 ratio.
What is the simplest carbohydrate?
Monosaccharide; literally means "single sugar"
Biology Cell Structure and Function
cell
cell theory
cell membrane
nucleus
Basic unit of life
..., idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells…
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
Control center of the cell. Contains DNA.
cell
Basic unit of life
cell theory
..., idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells…
25 terms
Biology 101: Cell Structure
prokaryotic cells
eukaryotic cells
prokaryotic cells and eukaryotic cells…
unique to eukaryotic cells
simple; bacteria and archaea
more complex type of cell; eukarya
plasma membranes, chromosomes, and ribosomes
nucleus, membrane bound organelles
prokaryotic cells
simple; bacteria and archaea
eukaryotic cells
more complex type of cell; eukarya
34 terms
Biology: Chapter 3 - Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
64 terms
Structure and Function - Biology
nucleic acids do what?
what are three parts of a nucleic acid?
what is DNA?
what is RNA?
store and transfer genetic information
phosphate group, sugar, nitrogenous Base
a nucleic acid; stores genetic information
a nucleic acid; stores and transfers information from DNA tha…
nucleic acids do what?
store and transfer genetic information
what are three parts of a nucleic acid?
phosphate group, sugar, nitrogenous Base
29 terms
DNA Structure and Function- Biology
adenine
guanine
thymine
cytosine
pairs with thymine in DNA and uracil in RNA
pairs with cytosine
pairs with adenine
pairs with guanine
adenine
pairs with thymine in DNA and uracil in RNA
guanine
pairs with cytosine
41 terms
Cell Biology: Cell Structure and Function
Cells
Basic Cellular Structure
Plasma Membrane
Nucleus
Are the smallest units having the complex organization, metab…
Plasma Membrane, Nucleus, Cytoplasm
This outermost membrane of a cell separates internal metaboli…
This membrane-bound compartment contains hereditary instructi…
Cells
Are the smallest units having the complex organization, metab…
Basic Cellular Structure
Plasma Membrane, Nucleus, Cytoplasm
16 terms
Cell Biology - Structure & Function of Organelles
Cell Wall
Cell Membrane
Nucleus
Nuclear Membrane
Outer layer of the cell that supports and protects the cell.…
A thin, flexible barrier around the cell; controls what subst…
Contains DNA - The control center/brain of the cell.
Surrounds the nucleus; controls what goes in and out of the n…
Cell Wall
Outer layer of the cell that supports and protects the cell.…
Cell Membrane
A thin, flexible barrier around the cell; controls what subst…
137 terms
Biology structure and function of the cell
Cells
Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen
Cells
Cytology
The smallest unit of matter that can carry on all the process…
Cells are made from chemical elements such as ____,____,___,…
All living things are made from one or more ________
The study of cells
Cells
The smallest unit of matter that can carry on all the process…
Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen
Cells are made from chemical elements such as ____,____,___,…
34 terms
Psychology 101-Brain structure & function
central nervous system
peripheral nervous system
sympathetic division
parasympathetic division
Brain and Spinal Cord are parts of what nervous system divisi…
spinal nerves that extend to the face, arms and legs are part…
name the nervous system division known for "fight or flight".
name the nervous system division known for "rest and digest".
central nervous system
Brain and Spinal Cord are parts of what nervous system divisi…
peripheral nervous system
spinal nerves that extend to the face, arms and legs are part…
69 terms
Biology: DNA: Structure and Function
DNA Molecule
RNA Molecule
DNA Strand
RNA Strand
(Deoxyrionucleic Acid) The genetic material that provides a b…
Consists of a single strand of nucleotides
Consists of two strand that are made up of nucleotides
A singular strand that is made of nucleotides
DNA Molecule
(Deoxyrionucleic Acid) The genetic material that provides a b…
RNA Molecule
Consists of a single strand of nucleotides
1 of 10