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Study sets matching "structure functions"

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Study sets matching "structure functions"

17 terms
Structure & Function
Tissue
Organ
Organ System
Organism
A group of similar cells that perform the same function.
A collection of tissues that carry out a specialized function…
A group of organs that work together in performing vital body…
an individual animal, plant, or single-celled life form
Tissue
A group of similar cells that perform the same function.
Organ
A collection of tissues that carry out a specialized function…
37 terms
Cell part structure and functions
Cell Membrane
Cell Membrane
Nucleus
Cytoskeleton
made of a bi-layer of phospholipids (fats) which is... selective…
Controls what materials enter and leave the cell, also provid…
The most obvious organelle in any eukaryotic cell. Round stru…
Composed of microtubules and filaments. Organized network of…
Cell Membrane
made of a bi-layer of phospholipids (fats) which is... selective…
Cell Membrane
Controls what materials enter and leave the cell, also provid…
26 terms
Structure and Function
Contains the DNA and is the control ce…
Gel like substance that holds the orga…
Controls the substances that go in and…
Gives support to the cell
Nucleus
Cytoplasm
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
Contains the DNA and is the control ce…
Nucleus
Gel like substance that holds the orga…
Cytoplasm
23 terms
Structure & Function
Tissue
Organ
Organ System
Organism
A group of similar cells that perform the same function.
A collection of tissues that carry out a specialized function…
A group of organs that work together in performing vital body…
an individual animal, plant, or single-celled life form
Tissue
A group of similar cells that perform the same function.
Organ
A collection of tissues that carry out a specialized function…
46 terms
Cell Structure and Functions
cell
organelle
plasma membrane
nucleus
basic unit of life
a tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function wi…
thin outer covering of the cell
a part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
cell
basic unit of life
organelle
a tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function wi…
73 terms
Structure and Function
molecules that store and transmit gene…
unit that makes up nucleic acids
What is a nucleotide made up of?
What is a nucleotide of DNA made up of?
nucleic acid
nucleotide
phosphate, pentose sugar, nitrogenous base
phosphate, the sugar deoxyribose, nitrogenous base ... (A,T,G, o…
molecules that store and transmit gene…
nucleic acid
unit that makes up nucleic acids
nucleotide
14 terms
Structure and Function
to fly
to see
to walk
to balance
to fly
to see
114 terms
structure and functions
Prokaryotes
Eukaryotes
What structures are found in ALL cells?
cell Membrane=Plasma membrane structure?
-Smaller than Eukaryotes... -Have no membrane-bound organelles…
-Larger size than Prokaryotes... -Contains organelles surrounded…
-Cell (plasma) membrane... -Cytoplasm... -DNA... -Ribosomes
-Fluid mosaic model: membrane if free flowing, constantly cha…
Prokaryotes
-Smaller than Eukaryotes... -Have no membrane-bound organelles…
Eukaryotes
-Larger size than Prokaryotes... -Contains organelles surrounded…
30 terms
Structure and Function
organelles
cell wall
cell membrane
nucleus
Tiny cell structures that carry out specific functions within…
Rigid layer of nonliving material that surrounds the cells of…
Forms of outside boundary that separates the cell from its en…
Large oval structure inside the cell that acts as its "brain"
organelles
Tiny cell structures that carry out specific functions within…
cell wall
Rigid layer of nonliving material that surrounds the cells of…
23 terms
The Heart Structure and Functions
Septum
Aorta
Superior Vena Cava
Inferior Vena Cava
Septum
Aorta
20 terms
structure and functions
what is a nucleus function
what is the function of mitochondria
what is the function of Ribosomes
what is the function of Endoplasmic Re…
contains the genetic material
breaks down food molecules to release energy by cellular resp…
makes protein
processes and transports protein and makes lipids
what is a nucleus function
contains the genetic material
what is the function of mitochondria
breaks down food molecules to release energy by cellular resp…
32 terms
Structure and Functions of the Body Membranes
Body membranes
Epithelial membranes
Cutaneous membrane
Mucous membrane (mucosa)
Cover surfaces, line body cavities, and form protective/lubri…
Covering and lining membranes, including the cutaneous membra…
Type of epithelial membrane known as the skin.... It consists of…
Epithelial membrane resting on loose connective tissue called…
Body membranes
Cover surfaces, line body cavities, and form protective/lubri…
Epithelial membranes
Covering and lining membranes, including the cutaneous membra…
7 terms
Brain Functions (Structure and Function)
cerebrum
thalamus
hypothalamus
Epithalamus
sensory areas interpret nerve impulses and sensations
receives and relays sensory nerve impulses (except smell) to…
serves as the major integration center the autonomic nervous…
production of the hormone melitonin
cerebrum
sensory areas interpret nerve impulses and sensations
thalamus
receives and relays sensory nerve impulses (except smell) to…
12 terms
Structure functions
Nucleus
Nuclear membrane
Ribosomes
Nucleolus
Direct cell processes. Contains the cell's DNA. Stores inform…
Double membrane that surrounds the nucleus
Helps manufacture proteins
Produces ribosomes and is found inside the nucleus
Nucleus
Direct cell processes. Contains the cell's DNA. Stores inform…
Nuclear membrane
Double membrane that surrounds the nucleus
21 terms
Structure Functions
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Chromosomes
Cell membrane
Contains most of the cell's DNA
Makes ribosomes, maybe more than one in a cell, found in the…
Determines what traits a living organisms will have, passes i…
Gives the cell shape, holds the cytoplasm, and controls what…
Nucleus
Contains most of the cell's DNA
Nucleolus
Makes ribosomes, maybe more than one in a cell, found in the…
17 terms
structure functions
cuticle
epidermis
palisade layer
spongy layer
stops water loss
skin protecting tissue
high concentration of chloroplast, main location for photosyn…
absorbs materials
cuticle
stops water loss
epidermis
skin protecting tissue
141 terms
Chapter 6 Structure and Function
hyaline, elastic and fibrocartilage
hyaline cartilage
elastic cartilage
fibrocartilage
three types of cartilage
The most abundant cartilage in body. It looks like frosted gl…
cartilage located on the pinna of the ear and the epiglottis
cartilage located in places of compression (vertebra and knee…
hyaline, elastic and fibrocartilage
three types of cartilage
hyaline cartilage
The most abundant cartilage in body. It looks like frosted gl…
35 terms
Structure Functions
Superior nasal conchae
Middle nasal conchae
Inferior nasal conchae
Nasal cavity
Protects the olfactory bulb
Protects sinuses from coming in direct contact w/ pressurized…
Airflow direction, humidification, heating, & filtering of in…
Produces mucus
Superior nasal conchae
Protects the olfactory bulb
Middle nasal conchae
Protects sinuses from coming in direct contact w/ pressurized…
113 terms
Chapter 9 Structure and Function
skeletal, smooth and cardiac
skeletal and smooth (but NOT cardiac)
myo (mys- or sarco-)
sarcolemma
three types of muscle tissue
elongated and are called muscle fibers
prefixes for muscle
plasma membrane of the muscle cell
skeletal, smooth and cardiac
three types of muscle tissue
skeletal and smooth (but NOT cardiac)
elongated and are called muscle fibers
252 terms
Chapter 11 Structure and Function
sensory input
integration
motor output
CNS
gathered information that the nervous system uses.
where the sensory input is processed and interpreted and invo…
nervous system activates effector organs (muscles/ glands) to…
brain and spinal cord; integrating and control center
sensory input
gathered information that the nervous system uses.
integration
where the sensory input is processed and interpreted and invo…
128 terms
Structures & Functions
heterocyst
akinete cell
stromatolites
cilia
cyanobact... nitrogen fixation
the spores of cyanobacteria and they contain nutrients
layered pillars found in water, cyanobact fossils, give clear…
protists... feeding and locomotion
heterocyst
cyanobact... nitrogen fixation
akinete cell
the spores of cyanobacteria and they contain nutrients
61 terms
Structure & Function
Amphibian
Echinoderms
Nonliving
Sponges
A cold-blooded vertebrate animal. They are distinguished by h…
A marine invertebrate such as a starfish or sea urchin, or se…
Not alive.
A primitive, sedentary, aquatic invertebrate with a soft, por…
Amphibian
A cold-blooded vertebrate animal. They are distinguished by h…
Echinoderms
A marine invertebrate such as a starfish or sea urchin, or se…
15 terms
Structure & Function
cell
examples of cells:
cellulose
three main plant tissues
basic unit of life, smallest unit of structure and function i…
red blood cell, root tip cell
energy storage molecule in plants
dermal, vascular, ground
cell
basic unit of life, smallest unit of structure and function i…
examples of cells:
red blood cell, root tip cell
39 terms
Brain Structures and Functions
Pink
Green
Blue
Light blue
What color is the Frontal Lobe?
What color is the Temporal Lobe?
What color is the Cerebellum?
What color is the Thalamus?
Pink
What color is the Frontal Lobe?
Green
What color is the Temporal Lobe?
10 terms
Structure & Functions
Epidermis
Cuticle
Palisade Mesophyll
Spongy Mesophyll
No chloroplasts to allow light to pass through.
Reduces water loss from evaporation.
Arranged closely packed side by side to trap as much sunlight…
Fewer chloroplasts, therefore less photosynthesis. Contain in…
Epidermis
No chloroplasts to allow light to pass through.
Cuticle
Reduces water loss from evaporation.
38 terms
Structure & Functions
Primary visual cortex
Wernickes area
Primary auditory cortex
Primary gustatory cortex
Recieves visual signals
Recognition of spoken and written language
Receives auditory signals
Receives taste signals
Primary visual cortex
Recieves visual signals
Wernickes area
Recognition of spoken and written language
17 terms
Cell Structure and Functions
cell
prokaryotic
eukaryotic
organelles
the smallest unit that is capable of performing life function…
cells that DON'T have a nucleus. Bacteria are of this type.
has a nucleus that separates the genetic material from the re…
little organs
cell
the smallest unit that is capable of performing life function…
prokaryotic
cells that DON'T have a nucleus. Bacteria are of this type.
9 terms
Functional Structures
אומר רבי _______
דברי רבי _____
הרי
חייב
Rabbi ____ says the following words....
These words (that were just said) are the words of Rabbi ______
They or These (Lets us know that the following דין is referri…
Obligated (Either means the person is punished, or that they…
אומר רבי _______
Rabbi ____ says the following words....
דברי רבי _____
These words (that were just said) are the words of Rabbi ______
57 terms
Structures and Functions
Microbiology
Viruses
Bacteria
Protozoa
A branch of biology dealing especially with microscopic forms…
Which of the following characteristics accurately describe fu…
Bacteri/o... (microbiology) single-celled or noncellular spheric…
animal-like protists
Microbiology
A branch of biology dealing especially with microscopic forms…
Viruses
Which of the following characteristics accurately describe fu…
16 terms
Structure Functions
Kidney
Gallbladder
Stomach or small intestine
Large intestine
Filters waste produced by cells from the blood
Stores bile
Makes the food into a liquid
Remove water from undigested solid waste
Kidney
Filters waste produced by cells from the blood
Gallbladder
Stores bile
15 terms
Structure And Functions
1. Sagittal plane
Frontal plane
Transverse plane
Superior
divides body into left and right halves
divides body into front and back halves
- divides the body into top and bottom halves
toward the head
1. Sagittal plane
divides body into left and right halves
Frontal plane
divides body into front and back halves
25 terms
Brain Structure and Functions
Corpus Callosum
Cerebral Cortex
Thalamus
Hypothalamus
Connects two cerebral hemispheres and relays information betw…
Controls thinking and sensing functions, voluntary movement
Relays sensory information to cerebral cortex
Regulates temperature, eating, sleeping, and endocrine system…
Corpus Callosum
Connects two cerebral hemispheres and relays information betw…
Cerebral Cortex
Controls thinking and sensing functions, voluntary movement
34 terms
Cell Structure & Functions
4 things plant and animal cells have
Chloroplast - Description & Function
Centrioles - Description & Function
Cell Wall - Description & Function
-Nucleus... -Cytoplasm... -Cell membrane... -Mitochondria
Description: Plants only... -Membrane enclosed organelle in ALGA…
Description: ... -Animals only ... -Located in the centrosome... -Cell…
Description: ... -Structure surround a plant, or protistan, or f…
4 things plant and animal cells have
-Nucleus... -Cytoplasm... -Cell membrane... -Mitochondria
Chloroplast - Description & Function
Description: Plants only... -Membrane enclosed organelle in ALGA…
19 terms
Function and structure
Functions of the Skeletal system
Types of Bones
Collagen
Calcium
Functions are support, protection, movement, production, and…
Long bones, short bones, flat bones, and irregular bones.
Allows for flexibility of bones
Make bones rigid and strong
Functions of the Skeletal system
Functions are support, protection, movement, production, and…
Types of Bones
Long bones, short bones, flat bones, and irregular bones.
Structure and Functions
appellate jurisdiction
armed forces
article
coining money
the power to hear appeals of cases which have been tried in l…
the nation's military (Air Force, Army, Coast Guard, Marines,…
a numbered chapter or section of a contract, treaty, or const…
the power of the legislative branch to print money (coins and…
appellate jurisdiction
the power to hear appeals of cases which have been tried in l…
armed forces
the nation's military (Air Force, Army, Coast Guard, Marines,…
10 terms
Structures and functions
Organisms
Unicellular organisms
Multicellular organisms
Specialized
Anything that can carry it's life on it's own
Organisms that has one cell
An organism that has more than one cell
Has it's own purpose
Organisms
Anything that can carry it's life on it's own
Unicellular organisms
Organisms that has one cell
55 terms
Structures and Functions
Microbiology
Viruses
Bacteria
Protozoa
The study of microorganisms.
The smallest type of pathogen
Domain of unicellular prokaryotes that have cell walls contai…
Animal like protists
Microbiology
The study of microorganisms.
Viruses
The smallest type of pathogen
39 terms
Structure Function
Epidermis
keratinized stratified squamous epithe…
Papillary Layer
subpapillary plexus
Top layer of skin, composed of epithelial cells, avascular.
epithelium is structurally composed of this type of tissue
layer directly under epidermis
Name of blood capillaries in papillary layer
Epidermis
Top layer of skin, composed of epithelial cells, avascular.
keratinized stratified squamous epithe…
epithelium is structurally composed of this type of tissue
26 terms
Structure and Functions
appellate jurisdiction
armed forces
article
coining money
the power to hear appeals of cases which have been tried in l…
the nation's military (Air Force, Army, Coast Guard, Marines,…
a numbered chapter or section of a contract, treaty, or const…
the power of the legislative branch to print money (coins and…
appellate jurisdiction
the power to hear appeals of cases which have been tried in l…
armed forces
the nation's military (Air Force, Army, Coast Guard, Marines,…
5 terms
Structure & Function
Heredity
Adaptation
Structure
Function
Characteristics we get genetically from our parents and our r…
A trait or characteristic that helps an organism survive
A body part that does a certain "job" for an organism
The "job" that a body part does in an organism
Heredity
Characteristics we get genetically from our parents and our r…
Adaptation
A trait or characteristic that helps an organism survive
9 terms
Function & Structure
Function of the Respiratory System
Structures of the Respiratory System
Function of the Integumentary System
Structures of the Integumentary System
gas exchange
nose, mouth, trachea
proteccion
epidermis, dermis, fat
Function of the Respiratory System
gas exchange
Structures of the Respiratory System
nose, mouth, trachea
36 terms
Cell Structure And Functions
Cell
Cell Theory
Organelles
Cell Wall
Basic unit of structure and function in living things
States the following: all living things are composed of cells…
Tiny cell structures that carry out specific functions within…
Rigid layer of nonliving material that surrounds the cell, he…
Cell
Basic unit of structure and function in living things
Cell Theory
States the following: all living things are composed of cells…
35 terms
Cell Structure & Functions
Cell Wall
Centrioles
Chloroplast
Cilia
a rigid layer of polysaccharides lying outside the plasma mem…
A centriole is a small set of microtubules arranged in a spec…
A plastid containing chlorophyll, the site of photosynthesis
The hairlike projections on the outside of cells that move in…
Cell Wall
a rigid layer of polysaccharides lying outside the plasma mem…
Centrioles
A centriole is a small set of microtubules arranged in a spec…
14 terms
Structure and Function
Organism
Organ
Organ system
Stem
any contiguous living system, such as an animal, plant, or fu…
a group of tissues in a living organism that have been adapte…
a group of organs that work together for one purpose.
Supports the plant and holds nutrients for the plant.
Organism
any contiguous living system, such as an animal, plant, or fu…
Organ
a group of tissues in a living organism that have been adapte…
24 terms
Structures and Functions
Centriole
Chloroplast
Chromosome
Cilia, Flagella
Located in microtuble-organizing center. Forms basic body of…
Organelle that contains chlorophyll. Converts energy into Glu…
Made of proteins and nucleic acid. Controls heredity and cell…
Threadlike Processes. Move small particles past fixed cells.
Centriole
Located in microtuble-organizing center. Forms basic body of…
Chloroplast
Organelle that contains chlorophyll. Converts energy into Glu…
28 terms
structures and functions
cell theory
Eukaryotes
Nucleus
Cytoplasm
1. All living things are composed of cells.... 2. Cells are the…
contain a nucleus
control center of the cell... b. Contains the cell's DNA and wit…
outside the nucleus, but within the cell membrane
cell theory
1. All living things are composed of cells.... 2. Cells are the…
Eukaryotes
contain a nucleus
12 terms
Structure and Functions
Anatomy
Physiology
Homeostasis
Pathophysiology
study of the structure of an organism
study of the function of an organism
body and its system working together to maintain a constant s…
study of diseases and disorders within the body
Anatomy
study of the structure of an organism
Physiology
study of the function of an organism
77 terms
Structure and Functions Muscle Origins
Digastric Anterior Belly
Digastric Posterior Belly
Masseter
Occipitofrontalis Frontal Belly
Mandible
Temporal Bone
Maxilla and zygomatic arch
Epicranial Aponeurosis
Digastric Anterior Belly
Mandible
Digastric Posterior Belly
Temporal Bone
15 terms
structure and functions
Sagittal plane
Frontal plane
Transverse plane
Superior
divides body into left and right halves
divides body into front and back halves
divides the body into top and bottom halves
toward the head
Sagittal plane
divides body into left and right halves
Frontal plane
divides body into front and back halves
9 terms
Structure and functions
Connective tissue
Elastic fibers
Reticular fibers
Areolar
Binds structure together... provides support for
Composed of protein called elastin.. vocal cord and ear
Supporting mesh in soft tissue like liver bone marrow. Like n…
Cells are mainly fibroblasts.. binds skin, fills spaces for c…
Connective tissue
Binds structure together... provides support for
Elastic fibers
Composed of protein called elastin.. vocal cord and ear
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