How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Study sets matching "structure replication dna"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "structure replication dna"

8 terms
DNA Structure & DNA Replication
D) All of the above
D) an RNA primer
C) It requires a short RNA primer to p…
D) all of the above
What does a nucleotide consist of ?... A) Base C) Phosphate... B) S…
Since the first nucleotides cannot be linked in a newly synth…
Which statement about the elongation of the lagging strand du…
Replication of DNA requires _____. ... A) unwinding ... B) compleme…
D) All of the above
What does a nucleotide consist of ?... A) Base C) Phosphate... B) S…
D) an RNA primer
Since the first nucleotides cannot be linked in a newly synth…
7 terms
DNA Structure & Replication
Double Helix
Sugar-Phosphate Backbone
Nitrogenous Bases
Base Pair Rule
The twisted ladder shape of DNA.
The main structural component that provides support for the D…
Molecules that contain the element nitrogen and other element…
Adenine (A) always pairs with Thymine (T)... Guanine (G) always…
Double Helix
The twisted ladder shape of DNA.
Sugar-Phosphate Backbone
The main structural component that provides support for the D…
21 terms
DNA structure and DNA replication
nucleotide
3 parts of a nucleotide in DNA
hydrogen bond
covalent bond
Monomer or building block of DNA
phosphate group, deoxyribose sugar, base
bond that holds two strands of DNA together
bond that connects the sugar and phosphate
nucleotide
Monomer or building block of DNA
3 parts of a nucleotide in DNA
phosphate group, deoxyribose sugar, base
19 terms
DNA Structure & Replication
Nucleotide
Nitrogenous Bases
Erwin Chargaff
Rosalind Franklin
The building block of a nucleic acid, consisting of a sugar,…
adenine, thymine, cytosine, and guanine
Base-pairing rule - figured out that the percentage of adenin…
Her x-ray diffraction studies revealed the double helix struc…
Nucleotide
The building block of a nucleic acid, consisting of a sugar,…
Nitrogenous Bases
adenine, thymine, cytosine, and guanine
19 terms
DNA Structure and DNA replication
DNA
nucleic acids
double helix
Adenine (A)
(deoxyribonucleic acid) a nucleic acid containing genetic inf…
organic molecules that carry genetic information in the cell…
describes the twisted ladder shape of DNA
a nitrogen base that pairs with Thymine
DNA
(deoxyribonucleic acid) a nucleic acid containing genetic inf…
nucleic acids
organic molecules that carry genetic information in the cell…
14 terms
DNA Structure & Replication
DNA
Nucleotide
Base Pair
Base
A double-stranded, helical nucleic acid molecule capable of r…
A building block of DNA, consisting of a five-carbon sugar co…
Any of the pairs formed between complimentary bases in the tw…
The portion of the nucleotide that carries the genetic code.…
DNA
A double-stranded, helical nucleic acid molecule capable of r…
Nucleotide
A building block of DNA, consisting of a five-carbon sugar co…
DNA structure and DNA replication
nucleotide
3 parts of a nucleotide in DNA
hydrogen bond
backbone of DNA is made of
Monomer or building block of DNA
phosphate group, deoxyribose sugar, base
bond that holds two strands of DNA together
deoxyribose sugar and phosphate group
nucleotide
Monomer or building block of DNA
3 parts of a nucleotide in DNA
phosphate group, deoxyribose sugar, base
33 terms
DNA Replication and Structure
deoxyribose
sugar (deoxyribose), phosphate, nitrog…
thymine
cytosine
sugar in nucleotides
parts of a nucleotide
What is T?
What is C?
deoxyribose
sugar in nucleotides
sugar (deoxyribose), phosphate, nitrog…
parts of a nucleotide
39 terms
DNA Structure and Replication
nucleus
gene
make specific proteins
nucleotides
Where is DNA located in our cells?
What do you call a segment of DNA that codes for a protein?
What do most of our DNA tell our cells to do?
What are the subunits or building blocks of DNA?
nucleus
Where is DNA located in our cells?
gene
What do you call a segment of DNA that codes for a protein?
25 terms
DNA Structure and DNA Replication
Four bases in DNA
Which out of the four DNA bases are pu…
Which out of the four DNA bases are py…
Nucleotides are linked into a single s…
Adenine, Guanine, Thymine, and Cytosine
Adenine and guanine
Thymine and cytosine
a series of condensation reactions
Four bases in DNA
Adenine, Guanine, Thymine, and Cytosine
Which out of the four DNA bases are pu…
Adenine and guanine
13 terms
DNA Structure and Replication Review
nucleotides
nucleotide
thymine
base pairing
Molecules of DNA are composed of long chains of ...
The entire molecule shown in the diagram is called a
The amount of adenine in an organism always equals the amount…
states that in DNA adenine only bonds with thymine and cytosi…
nucleotides
Molecules of DNA are composed of long chains of ...
nucleotide
The entire molecule shown in the diagram is called a
20 terms
DNA Structure and Replication
Deoxyribonucleic acid
Double helix
Antiparallel
Nucleotide
An organic molecule composed of monomers called nucleotides
The name of the model of DNA
Two complementary strands of nucleotides in which the strands…
Monomer of a nucleic acid that consists of a 5-carbon sugar,…
Deoxyribonucleic acid
An organic molecule composed of monomers called nucleotides
Double helix
The name of the model of DNA
10 terms
DNA Structure & Replication
Centromere
Chromosome
Chromatin
DNA
Holds duplicated chromosomes together
A single piece of coiled DNA and associated proteins which co…
When the DNA is loose and scrambled inside the nucleus
A double-stranded, helical nucleic acid molecule containing t…
Centromere
Holds duplicated chromosomes together
Chromosome
A single piece of coiled DNA and associated proteins which co…
22 terms
DNA Structure & Replication
Nucleotide
Ribose
Deoxyribose
DNA
A building block of DNA, consisting of a five-carbon sugar co…
A five-carbon sugar present in RNA
A five-carbon sugar that is a component of DNA nucleotides
A double-stranded, helical nucleic acid molecule capable of r…
Nucleotide
A building block of DNA, consisting of a five-carbon sugar co…
Ribose
A five-carbon sugar present in RNA
15 terms
DNA Structure and Replication
Deoxyribose Sugar
Phosphate Group
Nitrogenous Base
Rosalind Franklin
The sugar found in a DNA nucleotide, forms part of the backbone
The phosphorous found in nucleotides, forms part of the backb…
The 4 bases that form the "rungs" of the DNA ladder, carries…
Scientists who produced X-ray crystallography structure of DNA
Deoxyribose Sugar
The sugar found in a DNA nucleotide, forms part of the backbone
Phosphate Group
The phosphorous found in nucleotides, forms part of the backb…
8 terms
DNA structure and replication
DNA
Chromatin
Nucleotides
Nitrogen bases
Genetic material that carries information about an organism f…
Cluster so f Dan found in the nucleus
Basic units of DNA molecule, composed of a sugar, a phosphate…
Adenine, guanine, thymine, cystine
DNA
Genetic material that carries information about an organism f…
Chromatin
Cluster so f Dan found in the nucleus
19 terms
DNA structure and replication
DNA codes for proteins (enzymes) as we…
Nucleotide
Sugar, phosphate, and base
Deoxyribose
What is DNA used for in the body?
The monomer piece that is used to build DNA is called a _____…
A nucleotide is made of what 3 pieces?
What type of sugar is DNA made of?
DNA codes for proteins (enzymes) as we…
What is DNA used for in the body?
Nucleotide
The monomer piece that is used to build DNA is called a _____…
14 terms
9 DNA Structure and Replication
nitrogen bases
gene
chromosome
double helix
nitrogen bases Adenine, Thymine, Cytosine, Guanine
section of DNA that codes for the production of a protein
a long strand of DNA containing many genes that is highly coi…
double helix "twisted ladder" - shape of a DNA molecule
nitrogen bases
nitrogen bases Adenine, Thymine, Cytosine, Guanine
gene
section of DNA that codes for the production of a protein
35 terms
DNA Structure and Replication
DNA
nucleiotide
Nucleic Acid
Rosalind Franklin
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
a sugar, phosphate and nitrogen base make a... What is the monom…
a long chain of smaller molecules called nucleotides; DNA and…
Woman who generated x-ray images of DNA, she provided Watson…
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
nucleiotide
a sugar, phosphate and nitrogen base make a... What is the monom…
12 terms
DNA Structure and Replication
Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA)
Nucleotide
Double Helix
Backbone
A nucleic acid molecule in which each strand consists of nucl…
A subunit of nucleic acids formed from a simple sugar (deoxyr…
The shape of DNA: 2 strands wound into a spiral shape.
The sides of the DNA molecule, made out of alternating sugars…
Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA)
A nucleic acid molecule in which each strand consists of nucl…
Nucleotide
A subunit of nucleic acids formed from a simple sugar (deoxyr…
30 terms
DNA History, Structure, and Replication
Nucleotide
Replicate
Double Helix
Adenine (A)
A DNA building block of nucleic acid formed from a sugar, a p…
To duplicate. The DNA molecule makes a copy of itself.
Double spiral; it describes the three-dimensional shape of DN…
Nitrogenous base that pairs with thymine (T) during DNA repli…
Nucleotide
A DNA building block of nucleic acid formed from a sugar, a p…
Replicate
To duplicate. The DNA molecule makes a copy of itself.
19 terms
DNA structure and replication
nucleic acid
nucleotide
DNA
polymer
complex macromolecule that stores and transmits genetic infor…
monomer with 3 components: a phosphate, a sugar (deoxyribose)…
deoxyribonucleic acid
large compound formed from combinations of many monomers
nucleic acid
complex macromolecule that stores and transmits genetic infor…
nucleotide
monomer with 3 components: a phosphate, a sugar (deoxyribose)…
19 terms
DNA structure and replication
nucleic acid
nucleotide
DNA
polymer
complex macromolecule that stores and transmits genetic infor…
monomer with 3 components: a phosphate, a sugar (deoxyribose)…
deoxyribonucleic acid
large compound formed from combinations of many monomers
nucleic acid
complex macromolecule that stores and transmits genetic infor…
nucleotide
monomer with 3 components: a phosphate, a sugar (deoxyribose)…
32 terms
DNA: Structure and Replication
adenine
thymine
purines
pyrimidines
What base in DNA pairs with the base Thymine?
What base in DNA pairs with the base Adenine?
Adenine and Guanine are examples of (purines or pyramidines)?
Thymine and Cytosine are examples of (purines or pyramidines)?
adenine
What base in DNA pairs with the base Thymine?
thymine
What base in DNA pairs with the base Adenine?
20 terms
DNA Structure and Replication
DNA
Deoxyribose
Phosphate
Hydrogen bonds
The Biomolecule that carries the genetic code for all living…
The sugar molecule that is part of the DNA backbone(s).
The molecule that alternates with the sugar molecule in the D…
The bonds that form between the nitrogenous bases in the DNA…
DNA
The Biomolecule that carries the genetic code for all living…
Deoxyribose
The sugar molecule that is part of the DNA backbone(s).
21 terms
DNA Structure and Replication
Nucleotide
Base Pairing Rules
Percentages of nitrogen bases in DNA m…
Purines
3 parts- deoxyribose sugar (5 carbon sugar), phosphate, and n…
Adenine goes with Thymine (Apple in the Tree)... Cytosine goes w…
Due to base pairing,... % of Adenine = % of Thymine... % of Cytosin…
2 rings in structure... Adenine and Guanine
Nucleotide
3 parts- deoxyribose sugar (5 carbon sugar), phosphate, and n…
Base Pairing Rules
Adenine goes with Thymine (Apple in the Tree)... Cytosine goes w…
DNA Structure and Replication
Nucleotide
Base Pairing Rules
Percentages of nitrogen bases in DNA m…
Purines
3 parts- deoxyribose sugar (5 carbon sugar), phosphate, and n…
Adenine goes with Thymine (Apple in the Tree)... Cytosine goes w…
Due to base pairing,... % of Adenine = % of Thymine... % of Cytosin…
2 rings in structure... Adenine and Guanine
Nucleotide
3 parts- deoxyribose sugar (5 carbon sugar), phosphate, and n…
Base Pairing Rules
Adenine goes with Thymine (Apple in the Tree)... Cytosine goes w…
22 terms
DNA Structure and Replication
5-carbon sugar, phosphate group and ni…
nucleic acid
nucleic acid
nucleotides
These are the three components of a nucleotide
DNA is this type of macromolecule
This is the polymer that is made up of the monomer nucleotides
This is the monomer that makes up the polymer nucleic acid
5-carbon sugar, phosphate group and ni…
These are the three components of a nucleotide
nucleic acid
DNA is this type of macromolecule
16 terms
DNA History, Structure, and Replication
Nucleotide
Replicate
Double Helix
Adenine (A)
A DNA building block of nucleic acid formed from a sugar, a p…
To duplicate. The DNA molecule makes a copy of itself.
Double spiral; it describes the three-dimensional shape of DN…
Nitrogenous base that pairs with thymine (T) during DNA repli…
Nucleotide
A DNA building block of nucleic acid formed from a sugar, a p…
Replicate
To duplicate. The DNA molecule makes a copy of itself.
28 terms
DNA Structure & Replication
nucleotide
nucleic acid
DNA
double helix
A building block of DNA; made up of phosphate, sugar and a ni…
a macromolecule that carries genetic information
a nucleic acid containing deoxyribose as its sugar;
the physical shape of a DNA strand
nucleotide
A building block of DNA; made up of phosphate, sugar and a ni…
nucleic acid
a macromolecule that carries genetic information
20 terms
DNA Structure and Replication
deoxyribose, nitrogen base, phosphate…
deoxyribose
deoxyribose sugars and phosphate groups
DNA helicase
A nucleotide is made up of three subunits, what are they?
The sugar found in DNA
The "backbones" of DNA are made of ____________ and _________…
This enzyme "unzips" DNA during replication, separating the m…
deoxyribose, nitrogen base, phosphate…
A nucleotide is made up of three subunits, what are they?
deoxyribose
The sugar found in DNA
16 terms
DNA structure, history and replication
DNA
RNA
plasmid
Watson, Crick, and Franklin
A double-stranded, helical nucleic acid molecule capable of r…
A type of nucleic acid consisting of nucleotide monomers with…
A small ring of DNA that carries accessory genes separate fro…
Figured out structure of DNA was a double helix
DNA
A double-stranded, helical nucleic acid molecule capable of r…
RNA
A type of nucleic acid consisting of nucleotide monomers with…
16 terms
DNA Structure & Replication
DNA (Deoxyribonucleic Acid)
Nucleotide
Nucleic Acid
Double Helix
also known as the "Thread of Life," this long, thin structure…
the monomer of a DNA molecule. ... It consists of one molecule o…
the macromolecule made up of long chains of nucleotides. Exam…
the shape (or structure) of DNA. Looks similar to a "twisted…
DNA (Deoxyribonucleic Acid)
also known as the "Thread of Life," this long, thin structure…
Nucleotide
the monomer of a DNA molecule. ... It consists of one molecule o…
31 terms
DNA Structure and DNA Replication
deoxyribonucleic acid
ribonucleic acid
nucleotide
phosphate group, sugar, nitrogenous base
nucleic acid that is missing a hydroxyl group
nucleic acid that contains a hydroxyl group
monomer of nucleic acid
structure of a nucleic acid
deoxyribonucleic acid
nucleic acid that is missing a hydroxyl group
ribonucleic acid
nucleic acid that contains a hydroxyl group
25 terms
DNA structure and replication
DNA codes for proteins (enzymes) as we…
Nucleotide
Sugar, phosphate, and base
Deoxyribose (it is missing one oxygen…
What is DNA used for in the body?
The monomer piece that is used to build DNA is called a _____…
A nucleotide is made of what 3 pieces?
What type of sugar is DNA made of?
DNA codes for proteins (enzymes) as we…
What is DNA used for in the body?
Nucleotide
The monomer piece that is used to build DNA is called a _____…
22 terms
DNA structure and replication: 2014
DNA
nucleus
chromosome
gene
(deoxyribonucleic acid); the molecule that contains an organi…
a structure in cells (other than bacteria) that holds DNA
Large pieces of DNA which are wound with proteins to form tig…
a segment of DNA that contains information about a particular…
DNA
(deoxyribonucleic acid); the molecule that contains an organi…
nucleus
a structure in cells (other than bacteria) that holds DNA
10 terms
DNA Structure & Replication
DNA
gene
double helix
nucleotide
A complex molecule containing the genetic information that ma…
A piece of DNA that provides a set of instructions to a cell…
two strands of nucleotides wound about each other; structure…
"A building block of DNA and RNA, consisting of a nitrogenous…
DNA
A complex molecule containing the genetic information that ma…
gene
A piece of DNA that provides a set of instructions to a cell…
20 terms
DNA Structure & DNA Replication
nucleic acid
polymer
nitrogen bases
deoxyribose
1/4 organic compounds, carbs lipids protein
made of a nucleotide monomer
A,G,C,T
found in sugar of DNA
nucleic acid
1/4 organic compounds, carbs lipids protein
polymer
made of a nucleotide monomer
17 terms
DNA structure, Nucleotides, and DNA replication
Nucleotide
Phosphate and Sugar
Purines
Pyrimadines
Phosphate, sugar, and Nitrogenous base
joined by strong covalent bonds
Adenine and Guanine (A and G) - larger, and two rings
Cytosine and Thymine (C and T) - smaller, and one ring
Nucleotide
Phosphate, sugar, and Nitrogenous base
Phosphate and Sugar
joined by strong covalent bonds
18 terms
Structure of DNA and DNA Replication
Nucleotide
Purines
Pyrimidines
Sugar consists of:
-A pentose sugar... -Nitrogenous Base... -A phosphate group
-Double ring... -Adenine and Guanine
-Single ring... -Cytosine and Thymine
5 carbons
Nucleotide
-A pentose sugar... -Nitrogenous Base... -A phosphate group
Purines
-Double ring... -Adenine and Guanine
26 terms
DNA Structure and DNA replication
What is the function of DNA?
genetics
gene (old fashion)
chromosome
store and propagate the genetic information of living things…
branch of biology that studies genes, heredity and the variat…
invisible "factors" with genetic information... - "factors" must…
structure made of 1 DNA molecule wrapped around proteins call…
What is the function of DNA?
store and propagate the genetic information of living things…
genetics
branch of biology that studies genes, heredity and the variat…
10 terms
DNA Structure and DNA Replication
The DNA of an organism has thymine as…
Adenine is complementary to ____ and c…
Continuous elongation of a new DNA str…
The enzyme that unwinds the DNA is cal…
30%
thymine/guanine
occurs in the leading strand
Helicase
The DNA of an organism has thymine as…
30%
Adenine is complementary to ____ and c…
thymine/guanine
21 terms
DNA structure and replication Review
In the Hershey and Chase experiment, w…
Where did they find the radioactive DN…
Chargaff's rules of DNA base pairing
Whose X-ray diffraction showed that DN…
In the liquid
In Pellet
A=T G=C
Franklin and Wilkins
In the Hershey and Chase experiment, w…
In the liquid
Where did they find the radioactive DN…
In Pellet
21 terms
Structure of DNA & DNA Replication
Purines
What are the two purines?
Pyrimidines
What are the two pyrimidines?
Double ringed binders
*Adenine ... *Guanine
Single ringed binders
*Thymine... *Cytosine ... *Uracil
Purines
Double ringed binders
What are the two purines?
*Adenine ... *Guanine
24 terms
DNA REPLICATION AND CHROMOSOME STRUCTURE
DNA replication is semi-conservative
DNA synthesis can only occur in a 5' t…
DNA replication is bi-directional
DNA replication is rapid and accurate.
One of the DNA strands of the double helix is retained (in it…
This is defined by the biological activities of DNA polymeras…
It would take too long to replicate eukaryote DNA if replicat…
There are approximately 3 x 10^9 base pairs in human DNA and…
DNA replication is semi-conservative
One of the DNA strands of the double helix is retained (in it…
DNA synthesis can only occur in a 5' t…
This is defined by the biological activities of DNA polymeras…
18 terms
DNA Structure and DNA Replication
DNA
Double Helix
DNA Code
Watson and Crick
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
A three dimensional shape of DNA
Is universal
Won the Nobel Prize for DNA in 1953
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
Double Helix
A three dimensional shape of DNA
20 terms
DNA History, Structure, and Replication
DNA
Chargaff
Watson and Crick
Rosalind Franklin
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
A=T; C=G
Built model; discover structure of DNA; win Nobel Peace Prize
X-Ray Image of Double Helix
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
Chargaff
A=T; C=G
17 terms
DNA structure, history, and replication
DNA
Erwin Chargraff
Rosalind Franklin
Watson and Crick
deoxyribonucleic acid; genetic information
discovered that proportions of the bases remained constant: t…
x-ray crystallography work indicated that DNA was double stra…
Used data from Franklin, Chargraff and others to create the d…
DNA
deoxyribonucleic acid; genetic information
Erwin Chargraff
discovered that proportions of the bases remained constant: t…
31 terms
DNA History, Structure, and Replication
Determined that one type of bacteria c…
Determined that DNA was the agent of h…
Performed x-ray crystallography of DNA
Determined that when analyzing DNA of…
Griffith
Avery & McLeod
Rosalind Franklin
Erwin Chargaff
Determined that one type of bacteria c…
Griffith
Determined that DNA was the agent of h…
Avery & McLeod
26 terms
The Structure of DNA/ DNA Replication
The building blocks of DNA are____
Nucleotides in DNA are made of three b…
DNA contains four kinds of nitrogenous…
In DNA, _____ can be joined in any order
Nucleotides
Deoxyribose, phosphate group, and a nitrogenous base
adenine, thymine,guanine, and cytosine
nucleotides
The building blocks of DNA are____
Nucleotides
Nucleotides in DNA are made of three b…
Deoxyribose, phosphate group, and a nitrogenous base
1 of 10