Study sets matching "structure replication dna"

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Study sets matching "structure replication dna"

18 terms
DNA Structure and DNA Replication
DNA
helicase
guanine
Base Pairing
contains the instructions for, and controls, the production o…
an enzyme that "unzips" DNA by breaking the hydrogen bonds th…
a purine nitrogen base in DNA that pairs with cytosine
Chargaff's rules which state that A = T and C = G
DNA
contains the instructions for, and controls, the production o…
helicase
an enzyme that "unzips" DNA by breaking the hydrogen bonds th…
20 terms
DNA Structure and DNA Replication
DNA
helicase
guanine
Base Pairing
contains the instructions for, and controls, the production o…
an enzyme that "unzips" DNA by breaking the hydrogen bonds th…
a purine nitrogen base in DNA that pairs with cytosine
Chargaff's rules which state that A = T and C = G
DNA
contains the instructions for, and controls, the production o…
helicase
an enzyme that "unzips" DNA by breaking the hydrogen bonds th…
DNA Structure & DNA Replication
D) All of the above
D) an RNA primer
C) It requires a short RNA primer to p…
D) all of the above
What does a nucleotide consist of ?... A) Base C) Phosphate... B) S…
Since the first nucleotides cannot be linked in a newly synth…
Which statement about the elongation of the lagging strand du…
Replication of DNA requires _____. ... A) unwinding ... B) compleme…
D) All of the above
What does a nucleotide consist of ?... A) Base C) Phosphate... B) S…
D) an RNA primer
Since the first nucleotides cannot be linked in a newly synth…
DNA Structure and DNA Replication
DNA
helicase
guanine
Base Pairing
contains the instructions for, and controls, the production o…
an enzyme that "unzips" DNA by breaking the hydrogen bonds th…
a purine nitrogen base in DNA that pairs with cytosine
Chargaff's rules which state that A = T and C = G
DNA
contains the instructions for, and controls, the production o…
helicase
an enzyme that "unzips" DNA by breaking the hydrogen bonds th…
7 terms
DNA Structure & Replication
Double Helix
Sugar-Phosphate Backbone
Nitrogenous Bases
Base Pair Rule
The twisted ladder shape of DNA.
The main structural component that provides support for the D…
Molecules that contain the element nitrogen and other element…
Adenine (A) always pairs with Thymine (T)... Guanine (G) always…
Double Helix
The twisted ladder shape of DNA.
Sugar-Phosphate Backbone
The main structural component that provides support for the D…
DNA Structure and DNA Replication
DNA
helicase
guanine
Base Pairing
contains the instructions for, and controls, the production o…
an enzyme that "unzips" DNA by breaking the hydrogen bonds th…
a purine nitrogen base in DNA that pairs with cytosine
Chargaff's rules which state that A = T and C = G
DNA
contains the instructions for, and controls, the production o…
helicase
an enzyme that "unzips" DNA by breaking the hydrogen bonds th…
21 terms
DNA structure and DNA replication
nucleotide
3 parts of a nucleotide in DNA
hydrogen bond
covalent bond
Monomer or building block of DNA
phosphate group, deoxyribose sugar, base
bond that holds two strands of DNA together
bond that connects the sugar and phosphate
nucleotide
Monomer or building block of DNA
3 parts of a nucleotide in DNA
phosphate group, deoxyribose sugar, base
19 terms
DNA Structure and DNA replication
DNA
nucleic acids
double helix
Adenine (A)
(deoxyribonucleic acid) a nucleic acid containing genetic inf…
organic molecules that carry genetic information in the cell…
describes the twisted ladder shape of DNA
a nitrogen base that pairs with Thymine
DNA
(deoxyribonucleic acid) a nucleic acid containing genetic inf…
nucleic acids
organic molecules that carry genetic information in the cell…
19 terms
DNA Structure & Replication
Nucleotide
Nitrogenous Bases
Erwin Chargaff
Rosalind Franklin
The building block of a nucleic acid, consisting of a sugar,…
adenine, thymine, cytosine, and guanine
Base-pairing rule - figured out that the percentage of adenin…
Her x-ray diffraction studies revealed the double helix struc…
Nucleotide
The building block of a nucleic acid, consisting of a sugar,…
Nitrogenous Bases
adenine, thymine, cytosine, and guanine
16 terms
DNA Structure and Replication
DNA
helicase
guanine
Base Pairing
contains the instructions for, and controls, the production o…
an enzyme that "unzips" DNA by breaking the hydrogen bonds th…
a purine nitrogen base in DNA that pairs with cytosine
Chargaff's rules which state that A = T and C = G
DNA
contains the instructions for, and controls, the production o…
helicase
an enzyme that "unzips" DNA by breaking the hydrogen bonds th…
20 terms
DNA Structure, Function & Replication
Double Helix
Chargaff's rule
Nucleotide
Deoxyribose
Shape of DNA (resembles spiral staircase)
In DNA the bases pair together A-T and C-G
Building block of nucleic acids (sugar, phosphate, base)
Sugar found in DNA
Double Helix
Shape of DNA (resembles spiral staircase)
Chargaff's rule
In DNA the bases pair together A-T and C-G
15 terms
DNA Structure & DNA Replication
Nucleotide
Nitrogenous Base
Base Pairs
Double Helix
Made of a deoxyribose sugar, a phosphate group and a nitrogen…
The most common ones are represented by A, G, T and C.
Adenine with Thymine (A with T), Cytosine with Guanine (A wit…
The shape of the DNA molecule, with a sugar-phosphate backbon…
Nucleotide
Made of a deoxyribose sugar, a phosphate group and a nitrogen…
Nitrogenous Base
The most common ones are represented by A, G, T and C.
14 terms
DNA Structure & Replication
DNA
Nucleotide
Base Pair
Base
A double-stranded, helical nucleic acid molecule capable of r…
A building block of DNA, consisting of a five-carbon sugar co…
Any of the pairs formed between complimentary bases in the tw…
The portion of the nucleotide that carries the genetic code.…
DNA
A double-stranded, helical nucleic acid molecule capable of r…
Nucleotide
A building block of DNA, consisting of a five-carbon sugar co…
DNA structure and DNA replication
nucleotide
3 parts of a nucleotide in DNA
hydrogen bond
backbone of DNA is made of
Monomer or building block of DNA
phosphate group, deoxyribose sugar, base
bond that holds two strands of DNA together
deoxyribose sugar and phosphate group
nucleotide
Monomer or building block of DNA
3 parts of a nucleotide in DNA
phosphate group, deoxyribose sugar, base
DNA Structure and DNA Replication
DNA
helicase
guanine
Base Pairing
contains the instructions for, and controls, the production o…
an enzyme that "unzips" DNA by breaking the hydrogen bonds th…
a purine nitrogen base in DNA that pairs with cytosine
Chargaff's rules which state that A = T and C = G
DNA
contains the instructions for, and controls, the production o…
helicase
an enzyme that "unzips" DNA by breaking the hydrogen bonds th…
DNA Structure and DNA Replication
Four bases in DNA
Which out of the four DNA bases are pu…
Which out of the four DNA bases are py…
Nucleotides are linked into a single s…
Adenine, Guanine, Thymine, and Cytosine
Adenine and guanine
Thymine and cytosine
a series of condensation reactions
Four bases in DNA
Adenine, Guanine, Thymine, and Cytosine
Which out of the four DNA bases are pu…
Adenine and guanine
12 terms
(Replication) DNA structure and replication
DNA replication:
Semiconservative replication:
Template:
DNA helicase:
The process where DNA makes copies of itself.
Each new DNA strand is made of one completely new strand and…
A single stranded DNA sequence that acts as a guide for produ…
The enzyme that unwinds a DNA strand. (Step 1)
DNA replication:
The process where DNA makes copies of itself.
Semiconservative replication:
Each new DNA strand is made of one completely new strand and…
39 terms
DNA Structure and Replication
nucleus
gene
make specific proteins
nucleotides
Where is DNA located in our cells?
What do you call a segment of DNA that codes for a protein?
What do most of our DNA tell our cells to do?
What are the subunits or building blocks of DNA?
nucleus
Where is DNA located in our cells?
gene
What do you call a segment of DNA that codes for a protein?
33 terms
DNA Replication and Structure
deoxyribose
sugar (deoxyribose), phosphate, nitrog…
thymine
cytosine
sugar in nucleotides
parts of a nucleotide
What is T?
What is C?
deoxyribose
sugar in nucleotides
sugar (deoxyribose), phosphate, nitrog…
parts of a nucleotide
DNA structure and replication
nucleic acid
nucleotide
DNA
polymer
complex macromolecule that stores and transmits genetic infor…
monomer with 3 components: a phosphate, a sugar (deoxyribose)…
deoxyribonucleic acid
large compound formed from combinations of many monomers
nucleic acid
complex macromolecule that stores and transmits genetic infor…
nucleotide
monomer with 3 components: a phosphate, a sugar (deoxyribose)…
13 terms
DNA Structure and Replication Review
nucleotides
nucleotide
thymine
base pairing
Molecules of DNA are composed of long chains of ...
The entire molecule shown in the diagram is called a
The amount of adenine in an organism always equals the amount…
states that in DNA adenine only bonds with thymine and cytosi…
nucleotides
Molecules of DNA are composed of long chains of ...
nucleotide
The entire molecule shown in the diagram is called a
20 terms
DNA Structure and Replication
Deoxyribonucleic acid
Double helix
Antiparallel
Nucleotide
An organic molecule composed of monomers called nucleotides
The name of the model of DNA
Two complementary strands of nucleotides in which the strands…
Monomer of a nucleic acid that consists of a 5-carbon sugar,…
Deoxyribonucleic acid
An organic molecule composed of monomers called nucleotides
Double helix
The name of the model of DNA
10 terms
DNA STRUCTURE AND REPLICATION
WATSON AND CRICK
NUCLEOTIDE
PURINE
PYIMIDINE
Who discovered the structure of DNA?
A building block of DNA, consisting of a five-carbon sugar, a…
Adenine and Guanine
cytosine and thymine
WATSON AND CRICK
Who discovered the structure of DNA?
NUCLEOTIDE
A building block of DNA, consisting of a five-carbon sugar, a…
DNA Structure and Replication
Deoxyribonucleic acid
Nucleotide
Deoxyribose
Adenine
An organic molecule composed of monomers called nucleotides
Monomer of a nucleic acid that consists of a 5-carbon sugar,…
DNA 5-carbon sugar
The nitrogenous base that is complementary to thymine
Deoxyribonucleic acid
An organic molecule composed of monomers called nucleotides
Nucleotide
Monomer of a nucleic acid that consists of a 5-carbon sugar,…
DNA Structure and Replication
DNA Replication
DNA Polymerase
DNA helicase
semi conservative
the process of making identical copies of DNA before cell div…
"Proof reads", to fix mistakes in DNA, Enzyme involved in DNA…
An enzyme that unwinds the DNA double helix during DNA replic…
Each half of an original DNA molecule serves as a template fo…
DNA Replication
the process of making identical copies of DNA before cell div…
DNA Polymerase
"Proof reads", to fix mistakes in DNA, Enzyme involved in DNA…
8 terms
DNA structure and replication
DNA
Chromatin
Nucleotides
Nitrogen bases
Genetic material that carries information about an organism f…
Cluster so f Dan found in the nucleus
Basic units of DNA molecule, composed of a sugar, a phosphate…
Adenine, guanine, thymine, cystine
DNA
Genetic material that carries information about an organism f…
Chromatin
Cluster so f Dan found in the nucleus
15 terms
DNA Structure and Replication
Deoxyribose Sugar
Phosphate Group
Nitrogenous Base
Rosalind Franklin
The sugar found in a DNA nucleotide, forms part of the backbone
The phosphorous found in nucleotides, forms part of the backb…
The 4 bases that form the "rungs" of the DNA ladder, carries…
Scientists who produced X-ray crystallography structure of DNA
Deoxyribose Sugar
The sugar found in a DNA nucleotide, forms part of the backbone
Phosphate Group
The phosphorous found in nucleotides, forms part of the backb…
10 terms
DNA Structure & Replication
Centromere
Chromosome
Chromatin
DNA
Holds duplicated chromosomes together
A single piece of coiled DNA and associated proteins which co…
When the DNA is loose and scrambled inside the nucleus
A double-stranded, helical nucleic acid molecule containing t…
Centromere
Holds duplicated chromosomes together
Chromosome
A single piece of coiled DNA and associated proteins which co…
22 terms
DNA Structure & Replication
Nucleotide
Ribose
Deoxyribose
DNA
A building block of DNA, consisting of a five-carbon sugar co…
A five-carbon sugar present in RNA
A five-carbon sugar that is a component of DNA nucleotides
A double-stranded, helical nucleic acid molecule capable of r…
Nucleotide
A building block of DNA, consisting of a five-carbon sugar co…
Ribose
A five-carbon sugar present in RNA
19 terms
DNA structure and replication
DNA codes for proteins (enzymes) as we…
Nucleotide
Sugar, phosphate, and base
Deoxyribose
What is DNA used for in the body?
The monomer piece that is used to build DNA is called a _____…
A nucleotide is made of what 3 pieces?
What type of sugar is DNA made of?
DNA codes for proteins (enzymes) as we…
What is DNA used for in the body?
Nucleotide
The monomer piece that is used to build DNA is called a _____…
12 terms
DNA Structure and Replication
Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA)
Nucleotide
Double Helix
Backbone
A nucleic acid molecule in which each strand consists of nucl…
A subunit of nucleic acids formed from a simple sugar (deoxyr…
The shape of DNA: 2 strands wound into a spiral shape.
The sides of the DNA molecule, made out of alternating sugars…
Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA)
A nucleic acid molecule in which each strand consists of nucl…
Nucleotide
A subunit of nucleic acids formed from a simple sugar (deoxyr…
35 terms
DNA Structure and Replication
DNA
nucleiotide
Nucleic Acid
Rosalind Franklin
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
a sugar, phosphate and nitrogen base make a... What is the monom…
a long chain of smaller molecules called nucleotides; DNA and…
Woman who generated x-ray images of DNA, she provided Watson…
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
nucleiotide
a sugar, phosphate and nitrogen base make a... What is the monom…
19 terms
DNA structure and replication
nucleic acid
nucleotide
DNA
polymer
complex macromolecule that stores and transmits genetic infor…
monomer with 3 components: a phosphate, a sugar (deoxyribose)…
deoxyribonucleic acid
large compound formed from combinations of many monomers
nucleic acid
complex macromolecule that stores and transmits genetic infor…
nucleotide
monomer with 3 components: a phosphate, a sugar (deoxyribose)…
30 terms
DNA History, Structure, and Replication
Nucleotide
Replicate
Double Helix
Adenine (A)
A DNA building block of nucleic acid formed from a sugar, a p…
To duplicate. The DNA molecule makes a copy of itself.
Double spiral; it describes the three-dimensional shape of DN…
Nitrogenous base that pairs with thymine (T) during DNA repli…
Nucleotide
A DNA building block of nucleic acid formed from a sugar, a p…
Replicate
To duplicate. The DNA molecule makes a copy of itself.
9 DNA Structure and Replication
nitrogen bases
gene
chromosome
double helix
nitrogen bases Adenine, Thymine, Cytosine, Guanine
section of DNA that codes for the production of a protein
a long strand of DNA containing many genes that is highly coi…
double helix "twisted ladder" - shape of a DNA molecule
nitrogen bases
nitrogen bases Adenine, Thymine, Cytosine, Guanine
gene
section of DNA that codes for the production of a protein
19 terms
DNA structure and replication
nucleic acid
nucleotide
DNA
polymer
complex macromolecule that stores and transmits genetic infor…
monomer with 3 components: a phosphate, a sugar (deoxyribose)…
deoxyribonucleic acid
large compound formed from combinations of many monomers
nucleic acid
complex macromolecule that stores and transmits genetic infor…
nucleotide
monomer with 3 components: a phosphate, a sugar (deoxyribose)…
32 terms
DNA: Structure and Replication
adenine
thymine
purines
pyrimidines
What base in DNA pairs with the base Thymine?
What base in DNA pairs with the base Adenine?
Adenine and Guanine are examples of (purines or pyramidines)?
Thymine and Cytosine are examples of (purines or pyramidines)?
adenine
What base in DNA pairs with the base Thymine?
thymine
What base in DNA pairs with the base Adenine?
DNA Structure and Replication
Nucleotide
Base Pairing Rules
Percentages of nitrogen bases in DNA m…
Purines
3 parts- deoxyribose sugar (5 carbon sugar), phosphate, and n…
Adenine goes with Thymine (Apple in the Tree)... Cytosine goes w…
Due to base pairing,... % of Adenine = % of Thymine... % of Cytosin…
2 rings in structure... Adenine and Guanine
Nucleotide
3 parts- deoxyribose sugar (5 carbon sugar), phosphate, and n…
Base Pairing Rules
Adenine goes with Thymine (Apple in the Tree)... Cytosine goes w…
20 terms
DNA Structure and Replication
DNA
Deoxyribose
Phosphate
Hydrogen bonds
The Biomolecule that carries the genetic code for all living…
The sugar molecule that is part of the DNA backbone(s).
The molecule that alternates with the sugar molecule in the D…
The bonds that form between the nitrogenous bases in the DNA…
DNA
The Biomolecule that carries the genetic code for all living…
Deoxyribose
The sugar molecule that is part of the DNA backbone(s).
22 terms
DNA Structure and Replication
5-carbon sugar, phosphate group and ni…
nucleic acid
nucleic acid
nucleotides
These are the three components of a nucleotide
DNA is this type of macromolecule
This is the polymer that is made up of the monomer nucleotides
This is the monomer that makes up the polymer nucleic acid
5-carbon sugar, phosphate group and ni…
These are the three components of a nucleotide
nucleic acid
DNA is this type of macromolecule
DNA Structure and Replication
deoxyribose, nitrogen base, phosphate…
deoxyribose
deoxyribose sugars and phosphate groups
DNA helicase
A nucleotide is made up of three subunits, what are they?
The sugar found in DNA
The "backbones" of DNA are made of ____________ and _________…
This enzyme "unzips" DNA during replication, separating the m…
deoxyribose, nitrogen base, phosphate…
A nucleotide is made up of three subunits, what are they?
deoxyribose
The sugar found in DNA
DNA Structure and Replication
Nucleotide
Base Pairing Rules
Percentages of nitrogen bases in DNA m…
Purines
3 parts- deoxyribose sugar (5 carbon sugar), phosphate, and n…
Adenine goes with Thymine (Apple in the Tree)... Cytosine goes w…
Due to base pairing,... % of Adenine = % of Thymine... % of Cytosin…
2 rings in structure... Adenine and Guanine
Nucleotide
3 parts- deoxyribose sugar (5 carbon sugar), phosphate, and n…
Base Pairing Rules
Adenine goes with Thymine (Apple in the Tree)... Cytosine goes w…
28 terms
DNA Structure & Replication
nucleotide
nucleic acid
DNA
double helix
A building block of DNA; made up of phosphate, sugar and a ni…
a macromolecule that carries genetic information
a nucleic acid containing deoxyribose as its sugar;
the physical shape of a DNA strand
nucleotide
A building block of DNA; made up of phosphate, sugar and a ni…
nucleic acid
a macromolecule that carries genetic information
16 terms
DNA History, Structure, and Replication
Nucleotide
Replicate
Double Helix
Adenine (A)
A DNA building block of nucleic acid formed from a sugar, a p…
To duplicate. The DNA molecule makes a copy of itself.
Double spiral; it describes the three-dimensional shape of DN…
Nitrogenous base that pairs with thymine (T) during DNA repli…
Nucleotide
A DNA building block of nucleic acid formed from a sugar, a p…
Replicate
To duplicate. The DNA molecule makes a copy of itself.
16 terms
DNA Structure & Replication
DNA (Deoxyribonucleic Acid)
Nucleotide
Nucleic Acid
Double Helix
also known as the "Thread of Life," this long, thin structure…
the monomer of a DNA molecule. ... It consists of one molecule o…
the macromolecule made up of long chains of nucleotides. Exam…
the shape (or structure) of DNA. Looks similar to a "twisted…
DNA (Deoxyribonucleic Acid)
also known as the "Thread of Life," this long, thin structure…
Nucleotide
the monomer of a DNA molecule. ... It consists of one molecule o…
25 terms
DNA structure and replication
DNA codes for proteins (enzymes) as we…
Nucleotide
Sugar, phosphate, and base
Deoxyribose (it is missing one oxygen…
What is DNA used for in the body?
The monomer piece that is used to build DNA is called a _____…
A nucleotide is made of what 3 pieces?
What type of sugar is DNA made of?
DNA codes for proteins (enzymes) as we…
What is DNA used for in the body?
Nucleotide
The monomer piece that is used to build DNA is called a _____…
16 terms
DNA structure, history and replication
DNA
RNA
plasmid
Watson, Crick, and Franklin
A double-stranded, helical nucleic acid molecule capable of r…
A type of nucleic acid consisting of nucleotide monomers with…
A small ring of DNA that carries accessory genes separate fro…
Figured out structure of DNA was a double helix
DNA
A double-stranded, helical nucleic acid molecule capable of r…
RNA
A type of nucleic acid consisting of nucleotide monomers with…
62 terms
DNA Structure and DNA replication
nucleic acids
DNA
nucleotide
Thymine (T)
organic molecules that carry genetic information in the cell…
deoxyribonucleic acid, is made up of a nitrogen base, a 5-car…
the monomer (basic building block) of nucleic acids, consists…
a nitrogen base with a single ring structure that pairs with…
nucleic acids
organic molecules that carry genetic information in the cell…
DNA
deoxyribonucleic acid, is made up of a nitrogen base, a 5-car…
31 terms
DNA Structure and DNA Replication
deoxyribonucleic acid
ribonucleic acid
nucleotide
phosphate group, sugar, nitrogenous base
nucleic acid that is missing a hydroxyl group
nucleic acid that contains a hydroxyl group
monomer of nucleic acid
structure of a nucleic acid
deoxyribonucleic acid
nucleic acid that is missing a hydroxyl group
ribonucleic acid
nucleic acid that contains a hydroxyl group
10 terms
DNA Structure & Replication
DNA
gene
double helix
nucleotide
A complex molecule containing the genetic information that ma…
A piece of DNA that provides a set of instructions to a cell…
two strands of nucleotides wound about each other; structure…
"A building block of DNA and RNA, consisting of a nitrogenous…
DNA
A complex molecule containing the genetic information that ma…
gene
A piece of DNA that provides a set of instructions to a cell…
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