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Study sets matching "structures functions"

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Study sets matching "structures functions"

39 terms
Brain Structures and Functions
Pink
Green
Blue
Light blue
What color is the Frontal Lobe?
What color is the Temporal Lobe?
What color is the Cerebellum?
What color is the Thalamus?
Pink
What color is the Frontal Lobe?
Green
What color is the Temporal Lobe?
128 terms
Structures & Functions
heterocyst
akinete cell
stromatolites
cilia
cyanobact... nitrogen fixation
the spores of cyanobacteria and they contain nutrients
layered pillars found in water, cyanobact fossils, give clear…
protists... feeding and locomotion
heterocyst
cyanobact... nitrogen fixation
akinete cell
the spores of cyanobacteria and they contain nutrients
22 terms
Cell Structures and Functions
Cell membrane
Cell wall
Nucleus
Nuclear envelope
Flexible barrier that separates the cell from the outside env…
Rigid, inflexible barrier that adds addition support and prot…
Controls the cell's activities; houses the structure that hol…
Allows material to move into and out of the nucleus
Cell membrane
Flexible barrier that separates the cell from the outside env…
Cell wall
Rigid, inflexible barrier that adds addition support and prot…
15 terms
Organelle Structures & Functions
Cell Wall
Microtubules
Ribosome
Endoplasmic Reticulum
- A structure only found in plant cells... - Made of cellulose... -…
- Part of the cytoskeleton... - Made of protein filaments... - Help…
- Located on parts of the ER or throughout the cytoplasm... - Wh…
- Tunnels of membranes connected to the nucleus... - Proteins ar…
Cell Wall
- A structure only found in plant cells... - Made of cellulose... -…
Microtubules
- Part of the cytoskeleton... - Made of protein filaments... - Help…
15 terms
Eye Structures and Functions
aqueous humor
iris
pupil
lens
a clear fluid between the lens and the cornea that helps keep…
The colored part around the pupil made of a series of muscles…
hole that allows light to pass through to the lens ... and retina
clear, curved structure that focuses the image
aqueous humor
a clear fluid between the lens and the cornea that helps keep…
iris
The colored part around the pupil made of a series of muscles…
14 terms
Cells Structures and Functions
Structure
Function
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
The name of, part of, or look of something
The purpose or job of something
A cell structure that controls which substances can enter or…
A rigid outer layer that surrounds the cells of plants that g…
Structure
The name of, part of, or look of something
Function
The purpose or job of something
14 terms
Cells Structures and Functions
Structure
Function
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
The name of, part of, or look of something
The purpose or job of something
A cell structure that controls which substances can enter or…
A rigid outer layer that surrounds the cells of plants that g…
Structure
The name of, part of, or look of something
Function
The purpose or job of something
12 terms
Cell Structures and Functions
cell membrane
cytoplasm
nucleus
ribosome
flexible barrier found in all cells; controls what enters and…
The fluid inside a cell between the nucleus and cell membrane
organelle that is the control center of the cell; directs cel…
organelle that makes proteins
cell membrane
flexible barrier found in all cells; controls what enters and…
cytoplasm
The fluid inside a cell between the nucleus and cell membrane
12 terms
Cell Structures and Functions
chloroplast
vacuole
nucleus
mitochondria
An organelle found in plant and algae cells where photosynthe…
A sac-like organelle that stores water, food, and other mater…
A cell structure that contains nucleic acids, the chemical in…
Called the powerhouse of the cell. Where a cell get's all it'…
chloroplast
An organelle found in plant and algae cells where photosynthe…
vacuole
A sac-like organelle that stores water, food, and other mater…
57 terms
Structures and Functions
Microbiology
Viruses
Bacteria
Protozoa
A branch of biology dealing especially with microscopic forms…
Which of the following characteristics accurately describe fu…
Bacteri/o... (microbiology) single-celled or noncellular spheric…
animal-like protists
Microbiology
A branch of biology dealing especially with microscopic forms…
Viruses
Which of the following characteristics accurately describe fu…
10 terms
Structures and functions
Organisms
Unicellular organisms
Multicellular organisms
Specialized
Anything that can carry it's life on it's own
Organisms that has one cell
An organism that has more than one cell
Has it's own purpose
Organisms
Anything that can carry it's life on it's own
Unicellular organisms
Organisms that has one cell
55 terms
Structures and Functions
Microbiology
Viruses
Bacteria
Protozoa
The study of microorganisms.
The smallest type of pathogen
Domain of unicellular prokaryotes that have cell walls contai…
Animal like protists
Microbiology
The study of microorganisms.
Viruses
The smallest type of pathogen
14 terms
Cells Structures and Functions
Structure
Function
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
The name of, part of, or look of something
The purpose or job of something
(or phospholipid bilayer) A cell structure that controls whic…
A rigid outer layer that surrounds the cells of plants that g…
Structure
The name of, part of, or look of something
Function
The purpose or job of something
9 terms
Functional Structures
אומר רבי _______
דברי רבי _____
הרי
חייב
Rabbi ____ says the following words....
These words (that were just said) are the words of Rabbi ______
They or These (Lets us know that the following דין is referri…
Obligated (Either means the person is punished, or that they…
אומר רבי _______
Rabbi ____ says the following words....
דברי רבי _____
These words (that were just said) are the words of Rabbi ______
53 terms
Body Structures & Functions - Chapter one
Gross anatomy
Microscopic anatomy
Developmental anatomy
Comparative anatomy
Can be seen by the naked eye.
is seen by the microscope.
is the study of the body from its beginning and through its l…
compares human anatomy with animal anatomy.
Gross anatomy
Can be seen by the naked eye.
Microscopic anatomy
is seen by the microscope.
24 terms
Structures and Functions
Centriole
Chloroplast
Chromosome
Cilia, Flagella
Located in microtuble-organizing center. Forms basic body of…
Organelle that contains chlorophyll. Converts energy into Glu…
Made of proteins and nucleic acid. Controls heredity and cell…
Threadlike Processes. Move small particles past fixed cells.
Centriole
Located in microtuble-organizing center. Forms basic body of…
Chloroplast
Organelle that contains chlorophyll. Converts energy into Glu…
10 terms
Cell Review - Structures and Functions
Cell
Cell membrane
Cell walls
Cytoplasm
The smallest part of anything living
Surrounds a cell holding the parts of the cell together. Allo…
Surround the cell membrane stiff give plant extra support and…
All the material of the cell between the cell membrane and th…
Cell
The smallest part of anything living
Cell membrane
Surrounds a cell holding the parts of the cell together. Allo…
28 terms
structures and functions
cell theory
Eukaryotes
Nucleus
Cytoplasm
1. All living things are composed of cells.... 2. Cells are the…
contain a nucleus
control center of the cell... b. Contains the cell's DNA and wit…
outside the nucleus, but within the cell membrane
cell theory
1. All living things are composed of cells.... 2. Cells are the…
Eukaryotes
contain a nucleus
9 terms
Structures and Functions
Organism
Multi-Cellular Organisms
Unicellular Organisms
Circulatory System
Any living thing that can carry out its life on its own
An organism that has more than 1 cell
Organisms that only have 1 cell
Our body's delivery system
Organism
Any living thing that can carry out its life on its own
Multi-Cellular Organisms
An organism that has more than 1 cell
8 terms
Functions and Structures
Absorb
Storing
Transporting
Recycling
--------- Glycerol and fatty acids from foods
---------- Maturing WBCs
------------- Pathogens to lymph nodes to be destroyed
--------- Fluids lost from the cardiovascular system
Absorb
--------- Glycerol and fatty acids from foods
Storing
---------- Maturing WBCs
6 terms
Structures and functions
Nucleus accumbens
Nucleus ambiguos
Depression/lobe?
Parietal lobe
The nucleus accumbens (NAc or NAcc), also known as the accumb…
The nucleus ambiguus supplies striated muscles of the palate,…
Lesions in the LEFT anterior frontal lobe have been associate…
Two functional regions: The first function integrates sensory…
Nucleus accumbens
The nucleus accumbens (NAc or NAcc), also known as the accumb…
Nucleus ambiguos
The nucleus ambiguus supplies striated muscles of the palate,…
12 terms
Cell Organelles - Structures and Functions
Mitochondrion
Nucleus
Cell Membrane
Vacuole
Produces energy for the cell
Organelle that manages (or controls) all the cell functions (…
The membrane that surrounds the cell (made of phospholipid Bi…
Stores material within the cell.
Mitochondrion
Produces energy for the cell
Nucleus
Organelle that manages (or controls) all the cell functions (…
17 terms
Organelles, Structures & Functions, Pictures
Cell Membrane AKA Plasma Membrane
Cytoplasm (Cytosol)
Cytoskeleton
nucleolus
Structure: a bilipid layer with embedded proteins. ... Function…
Structure: Thick fluid made of water and dissolved chemicals…
Structure: Microtubules (thick) and microfilaments (thin), bo…
Structure: Circular organelle found in the nucleus and surrou…
Cell Membrane AKA Plasma Membrane
Structure: a bilipid layer with embedded proteins. ... Function…
Cytoplasm (Cytosol)
Structure: Thick fluid made of water and dissolved chemicals…
23 terms
structures and functions
right atrium
left atrium
interatrial septum
atrioventricular canals
has the three major openings to recieve blood coming from the…
4 openings that receive blood from pulmonary veins
wall between the atria. Contains a depression, the foramen ov…
openings between atria and respective ventricles
right atrium
has the three major openings to recieve blood coming from the…
left atrium
4 openings that receive blood from pulmonary veins
17 terms
Structure & Function
Tissue
Organ
Organ System
Organism
A group of similar cells that perform the same function.
A collection of tissues that carry out a specialized function…
A group of organs that work together in performing vital body…
an individual animal, plant, or single-celled life form
Tissue
A group of similar cells that perform the same function.
Organ
A collection of tissues that carry out a specialized function…
104 terms
Muscles: Structures and Functions
Prime Mover (Agonist)
Synergist
Fixator
Antagonist
A muscle that has the major responsibility for producing a sp…
Muscle that help the prime mover by adding extra force to the…
A muscle that prevents a bone from moving. It holds the bone…
A muscle that opposes or reverses the actions of the prime mo…
Prime Mover (Agonist)
A muscle that has the major responsibility for producing a sp…
Synergist
Muscle that help the prime mover by adding extra force to the…
53 terms
Biochemistry & Structures Quiz: Structures and Functions
Role of Nitrogen
Role of Calcium
Role of Phosphorus
Role of Iron
Needed by both plants and animals to make amino acids and the…
Mineral used in animals to strengthen bones and teeth. Plants…
Essential for the making of nucleic acids in both plants and…
Needed in animals to form hemoglobin - the iron is required f…
Role of Nitrogen
Needed by both plants and animals to make amino acids and the…
Role of Calcium
Mineral used in animals to strengthen bones and teeth. Plants…
22 terms
Structures & Functions
Thalamus
Hypothalamus
Amygdala
Cerebellum
receives info from all senses except smell
motivation and emotion and endocrine system
anger fear
helps coordinate voluntary movt. and balance
Thalamus
receives info from all senses except smell
Hypothalamus
motivation and emotion and endocrine system
24 terms
Structures & Functions
Heart
Stomach
Small Intestine
Large intestine
-pumps blood & oxygen to the cells of the body
-Chemical breakdown of food... -secretes acid and enzymes that d…
-absorption of nutrients and minerals from food.
-absorb water from the remaining indigestible food matter
Heart
-pumps blood & oxygen to the cells of the body
Stomach
-Chemical breakdown of food... -secretes acid and enzymes that d…
8 terms
Structures and Functions of the Eye
Cornea
Pupil
Iris
Sclera
clear lens in front of eye
the hole where light enters into the eye
the muscle that controls the amount of light entering the eye
supports eyeball and provides attachment for muscles (white p…
Cornea
clear lens in front of eye
Pupil
the hole where light enters into the eye
36 terms
Chap 3-Cell Structures and Functions
Plasma Membrane
Nucleus
Organelles
cytoplasm
(cell membrane), forms the outer boundary of the cell, throug…
Control center of a cell, DNA within nucleus regulates protei…
specialized part of a cell with one or more specific functions.
cell material located in between nuclear membrane and cell me…
Plasma Membrane
(cell membrane), forms the outer boundary of the cell, throug…
Nucleus
Control center of a cell, DNA within nucleus regulates protei…
8 terms
Seed Structures & Functions (Spanish)
FUNCIÓN DE LA CAPA DE LA SEMILLA
ESTRUCTURA DE LA CAPA DE SEMILLA
FUNCIÓN DE COTILEDONES
ESTRUCTURA DE COTILEDONES
Protege la semilla; Puede tener piezas especializadas unidas…
Pequeñas hojas embrionarias; Las plantas de monocotiledóneas…
FUNCIÓN DE LA CAPA DE LA SEMILLA
Protege la semilla; Puede tener piezas especializadas unidas…
ESTRUCTURA DE LA CAPA DE SEMILLA
22 terms
Cell Structures and Functions
Bacteria
Archaea
Eukarya
Eukaryote
Organisms that belong to this Domain have:... A single cell... A C…
Organisms that belong to this Domain have:... A single cell... A C…
Organisms that belong to this Domain have:... Single or many ce…
In eukaryotes, internal membranes partition the cell into spe…
Bacteria
Organisms that belong to this Domain have:... A single cell... A C…
Archaea
Organisms that belong to this Domain have:... A single cell... A C…
16 terms
Cell Structures/Functions--Biology
Lysosome
Mitochondria
Nucleus
Ribosome
breaks down substances
produces energy
contains DNA
makes proteins
Lysosome
breaks down substances
Mitochondria
produces energy
10 terms
Cell Structures and Functions
Mitochondria
Ribsomes
Lysomsomes
Golgi
Powerhouse of the cell; "Mighty Mitochondria"
Protein builders of the cell
Breaks down food and particles and worn out parts
Receives ,packages and distributes materials
Mitochondria
Powerhouse of the cell; "Mighty Mitochondria"
Ribsomes
Protein builders of the cell
13 terms
Cells Structures and Functions
Structure
Function
Plasma Membrane
Nucleus
The name of, part of, or look of something
The purpose or job of something
A cell structure that controls which surrounds and protects t…
Control center of the cell, holds DNA
Structure
The name of, part of, or look of something
Function
The purpose or job of something
18 terms
Eye Structures/Functions
Anterior Chamber
Choroid
Ciliary Body
Ciliary Muscle
Area behind the cornea and in front of the lens and iris (ant…
Layer beneath the sclera that provides nourishment to the out…
the structure in the eye that releases a transparent liquid (…
Helps open and close the iris which changes the shape of the…
Anterior Chamber
Area behind the cornea and in front of the lens and iris (ant…
Choroid
Layer beneath the sclera that provides nourishment to the out…
13 terms
Cell Structures and Functions
Mitochondria
Golgi Apparatus
Ribosomes
Endoplasmic reticulum (rough)
provides energy to the cell
packages and ships proteins
where proteins are made
transport system
Mitochondria
provides energy to the cell
Golgi Apparatus
packages and ships proteins
13 terms
Cells Structures and Functions
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
Nucleus
Nuclear Membrane
A cell structure that controls which substances can enter or…
A rigid outer layer that surrounds the cells of plants that g…
Control center of the cell, holds DNA
Controls what goes in and out of the nucleus
Cell Membrane
A cell structure that controls which substances can enter or…
Cell Wall
A rigid outer layer that surrounds the cells of plants that g…
17 terms
Chapter 15 Intestine structures and functions
duodenum
jejunum
ileum
anus
first part of small intestine, where several secretions neede…
middle section of small intestine
end of small intestine that attaches to the large intestine
controls the passage of feces to outside world
duodenum
first part of small intestine, where several secretions neede…
jejunum
middle section of small intestine
39 terms
Brain Structures and Functions
Pink
Yellow
Green
Purple
What color is the Frontal Lobe?
What color is the Parietal Lobe
What color is the Temporal Lobe?
What color is the Occipital Lobe?
Pink
What color is the Frontal Lobe?
Yellow
What color is the Parietal Lobe
26 terms
Structure and Function
Contains the DNA and is the control ce…
Gel like substance that holds the orga…
Controls the substances that go in and…
Gives support to the cell
Nucleus
Cytoplasm
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
Contains the DNA and is the control ce…
Nucleus
Gel like substance that holds the orga…
Cytoplasm
55 terms
Z.07 Arthropods-Structures & Functions
abdomen
antenna
antennules
cephalothorax
the posterior section of the body of an arthropod, behind the…
one of the jointed, movable, sensory appendages occurring in…
a small antenna, especially one of the foremost pair of a cru…
the anterior part of the body in certain arachnids and crusta…
abdomen
the posterior section of the body of an arthropod, behind the…
antenna
one of the jointed, movable, sensory appendages occurring in…
49 terms
Senses Functions, Definitions, and Structures
Meisner Corpuscle
Pacinian Corpuscle
Warm Receptors
Cold Receptors
light touch receptors
deep touch receptors
most sensitive to temperatures (degrees) above 25 C (77F) and…
most sensitive to temps between 10 C (50 F) and 20 C (68 F).…
Meisner Corpuscle
light touch receptors
Pacinian Corpuscle
deep touch receptors
33 terms
Structures & functions
Phospholipids
Cytoplasma
Plasma membrane
Nucleus
Two layers of phosphate containing fat molecules. Form the fl…
All the living material inside the cell
Surrounds the intere cell, forming its outer boundary
A large membrane-bound structure in most cells that contain t…
Phospholipids
Two layers of phosphate containing fat molecules. Form the fl…
Cytoplasma
All the living material inside the cell
14 terms
Cells Structures and Functions
Structure
Function
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
The name of, part of, or look of something
The purpose or job of something
A cell structure that controls which substances can enter or…
A rigid outer layer that surrounds the cells of plants that g…
Structure
The name of, part of, or look of something
Function
The purpose or job of something
12 terms
Structures functions
Melatonine
CoQ10
Vitamin E
Carotenoids
Stop lipid peroxidation at the initiation stage and propagation
-CoQ10 is a powerful antioxidant.... -Primary fat-soluble antiox…
a. A fat-soluble vitamin that acts as an antioxidant ... b. Has…
Carotenoids most efficiently react with peroxyl radicals.
Melatonine
Stop lipid peroxidation at the initiation stage and propagation
CoQ10
-CoQ10 is a powerful antioxidant.... -Primary fat-soluble antiox…
16 terms
Cells Structures and Functions
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
Nucleus
Nuclear Membrane
A cell structure that controls which substances can enter or…
A rigid outer layer that surrounds the cells of plants that g…
Control center of the cell, holds DNA
Controls what goes in and out of the nucleus
Cell Membrane
A cell structure that controls which substances can enter or…
Cell Wall
A rigid outer layer that surrounds the cells of plants that g…
16 terms
Cells Structures and Functions
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
Nucleus
Nuclear Membrane
A cell structure that controls which substances can enter or…
A rigid outer layer that surrounds the cells of plants that g…
Control center of the cell, holds DNA
Controls what goes in and out of the nucleus
Cell Membrane
A cell structure that controls which substances can enter or…
Cell Wall
A rigid outer layer that surrounds the cells of plants that g…
14 terms
Cell Structures and Functions
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
A protective layer that covers the cell's surface and acts as…
A rigid structure that gives support to a cell.
A jelly like substance that everything floats in.
A part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
Cell Membrane
A protective layer that covers the cell's surface and acts as…
Cell Wall
A rigid structure that gives support to a cell.
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