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48 terms
Biology Chapter 10 - Study Guide
Griffith's Idea
Griffith's Experiment
Griffith's Conclusion
Avery, McCarty, Macleod's Idea
- injected mice with pneumonia-causing bacteria
A. Mice + LR = lived... B. Mice + LS = died... C. Mice + HKS = live…
- somehow the LR bacteria had been transformed into LS bacter…
- repeated the last part of Griffith's experiment, with the a…
Griffith's Idea
- injected mice with pneumonia-causing bacteria
Griffith's Experiment
A. Mice + LR = lived... B. Mice + LS = died... C. Mice + HKS = live…
21 terms
Biology Chapter 10 Study Guide
Cell Cycle
Interphase
Replication
Mitosis
The regular sequence of growth & division that cells undergo.
The stage of the cell cycle that takes place before cell divi…
The process by which a cell makes a copy of the DNA in its nu…
The stage of the cell cycle during which the cell's nucleus d…
Cell Cycle
The regular sequence of growth & division that cells undergo.
Interphase
The stage of the cell cycle that takes place before cell divi…
28 terms
Chapter 10 Study Guide : Biology
Linnaeus
Lamarck
Erasmus Darwin
Buffon
organisms can be classified according to their similarities;…
species don't become extinct but instead evolve into differen…
Charles Darwin's grandfather; more complex forms of life evol…
Earth is much older than previously thought
Linnaeus
organisms can be classified according to their similarities;…
Lamarck
species don't become extinct but instead evolve into differen…
Chapter 10 Biology Study Guide
Cell Division
Asexual Reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
Chromosome
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
Process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
Type of reproduction in which cells from two parents unite to…
Threadlike structure within the nucleus that contains genetic…
Cell Division
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
Asexual Reproduction
Process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
115 terms
Chapter 10 Biology Study Guide
mitosis
cytokinesis
chromatids
Centromeres
part of eukaryote cell division during which the cell nucleus…
the division of the cytoplasm during cell division.
one of the two identical "sister" parts of a duplicated chrom…
the area where the chromatids of a chromosome are attached.
mitosis
part of eukaryote cell division during which the cell nucleus…
cytokinesis
the division of the cytoplasm during cell division.
Biology Chapter 10 Study Guide
Why do cells divide? What problems ari…
Why is the surface area to volume rati…
Prophase
Metaphase
Cells divide because when they get too large there is a strai…
It determines if the cell has grow too large and is unable to…
Longest period of mitosis, chromosomes appear, centrioles sep…
Shortest period of mitosis, chromosomes line up at equator. a…
Why do cells divide? What problems ari…
Cells divide because when they get too large there is a strai…
Why is the surface area to volume rati…
It determines if the cell has grow too large and is unable to…
67 terms
Chapter 10 Biology Study Guide
Cell Division
Asexual Reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
Chromosome
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
Process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
Type of reproduction in which cells from two parents unite to…
Threadlike structure within the nucleus that contains genetic…
Cell Division
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
Asexual Reproduction
Process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
25 terms
Chapter 10 Biology Study Guide
bacterial capsule
binary fission
pasteurization
chemosynthesis
cell membrane, cell wall, glycocalyx (capsule/slime layer)
A form of asexual reproduction in single-celled organisms by…
A process of heating food to a temperature that is high enoug…
Process by which some organisms, such as certain bacteria, us…
bacterial capsule
cell membrane, cell wall, glycocalyx (capsule/slime layer)
binary fission
A form of asexual reproduction in single-celled organisms by…
37 terms
Chapter 10 Biology Study Guide
to pull the chromatids apart and to he…
prophase
1. Prophase... 2. Metaphase... 3. Anaphase... 4…
The chromatin condenses into chromosom…
What role do spindles have during mitosis?
When do chromosomes become visible?
What is the order of mitosis?
What happens during prophase?
to pull the chromatids apart and to he…
What role do spindles have during mitosis?
prophase
When do chromosomes become visible?
48 terms
Biology - Chapter 10 Study Guide
What issues might a large cell have?
mitosis
cytokinesis
cancer
a cell may becomes so large that there is too much demand on…
the division of the cell nucleus
the division of cytoplasm
a disorder where cells lose the ability to control cell growt…
What issues might a large cell have?
a cell may becomes so large that there is too much demand on…
mitosis
the division of the cell nucleus
40 terms
Biology Chapter 10 Study Guide
replication
transcription
promoter
terminator
the process by which DNA is duplicated into more DNA, and occ…
the process by which DNA is copied into RNA, and occurs in th…
a start codon required to begin transcription
a stop codon required to stop transcription
replication
the process by which DNA is duplicated into more DNA, and occ…
transcription
the process by which DNA is copied into RNA, and occurs in th…
35 terms
Biology Study Guide - Chapter 10
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
asexual reproduction advantage
asexual reproduction disadvantage
production of genetically identical offspring from a single p…
offspring that inherits some of their genetic information fro…
the faster they reproduce, the greater their chances are for…
lack of diversity of the offspring; what type of reproduction…
asexual reproduction
production of genetically identical offspring from a single p…
sexual reproduction
offspring that inherits some of their genetic information fro…
27 terms
Biology Chapter 10 study guide
cell division
sexual reproduction
asexual reproduction
chromosomes
the formation of two new cells from one existing cell
offspring from two parents, an egg and an sperm
offspring from a one parent cell and hereditary information i…
threadlike structure within the nucleus that contains the gen…
cell division
the formation of two new cells from one existing cell
sexual reproduction
offspring from two parents, an egg and an sperm
34 terms
Chapter 10 Study Guide: Biology
What is responsible for moving chromos…
In what phase does a cell spend most o…
What does each phase of mitosis look l…
cells to the majority of their growing…
cyclins
interphase
(see mitosis Packet)
G1 (growth/gap) phase
What is responsible for moving chromos…
cyclins
In what phase does a cell spend most o…
interphase
17 terms
Biology chapter 10 study guide
what is the shape of a DNA called?
DNA that is 3 nucleotides long:... make s…
why did DNA that you extracted in the…
where does DNA replication happen in a…
double helix
too much DNA to see a single double helix. it was clumped.
nucleus
what is the shape of a DNA called?
double helix
DNA that is 3 nucleotides long:... make s…
16 terms
Biology chapter 10 Meiosis study guide
Anaphase 2
homologous chromosomes travel to oppos…
crossing over
when homologous chromosomes line up in…
During what phase of meiosis are sister chromatids separated…
In meiosis, what leads to a reduction in chromosome number fr…
What is illustrated in this diagram?
During which event in the cell cycle does crossing over most…
Anaphase 2
During what phase of meiosis are sister chromatids separated…
homologous chromosomes travel to oppos…
In meiosis, what leads to a reduction in chromosome number fr…
42 terms
Chapter 10. biology Study guide
As a cell becomes larger, it's volume…
The rate at which she wastes are produ…
What are the problems that growth caus…
Compared to small cells, large cells h…
Surface area
Surface area to volume ratio
Obtain enough food... Expelling waste... More demands on DNA
Out
As a cell becomes larger, it's volume…
Surface area
The rate at which she wastes are produ…
Surface area to volume ratio
40 terms
Erik - Chapter 10 Biology Study Guide
Cell Division
Asexual Reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
Chromosomes
...
A process by which a single parent reproduces by itself.
A process by which two cells from different parents fuse, or…
A threadlike structure of nucleic acids and protein found in…
Cell Division
...
Asexual Reproduction
A process by which a single parent reproduces by itself.
Biology Chapter 10 study guide
cell division
Replication
chromosomes
sister chromatids
When the cell gets too big and divides into two daughter cells
is when DNA is copied to provide a set to both new daughter c…
the genetic information of eukaryotes is carried in bundles o…
two identical copies of chromatids formed by the replication…
cell division
When the cell gets too big and divides into two daughter cells
Replication
is when DNA is copied to provide a set to both new daughter c…
48 terms
Biology - Chapter 10 Study Guide
What issues might a large cell have?
mitosis
cytokinesis
cancer
a cell may becomes so large that there is too much demand on…
the division of the cell nucleus
the division of cytoplasm
a disorder where cells lose the ability to control cell growt…
What issues might a large cell have?
a cell may becomes so large that there is too much demand on…
mitosis
the division of the cell nucleus
14 terms
Biology chapter 10 Study Guide
Biological populations
Biological Evolution
Natural selection
Micro evolution
Groups of individuals of the same species... Ex: the lab and the…
Change in the characteristics of a population of organisms th…
The process by which populations adapt to their changing envi…
changes that occur within a population
Biological populations
Groups of individuals of the same species... Ex: the lab and the…
Biological Evolution
Change in the characteristics of a population of organisms th…
9 terms
Chapter 10 Biology study guide
1. Natural Selection and all factors t…
2. Speciation and each factor w/ examp…
3. Extinction and each factor w/ examp…
4. Environmental factors.
1) overproduction: when a specie produces too many offspring.…
1)separation: often begins when a part of population becomes…
1) loss of habitat: most species get their resources from the…
Every animal is different some animals factors are water or d…
1. Natural Selection and all factors t…
1) overproduction: when a specie produces too many offspring.…
2. Speciation and each factor w/ examp…
1)separation: often begins when a part of population becomes…
12 terms
Biology Chapter 10 Study guide
Who discovered the structure of DNA?
What is a nucleotide? Draw and label a…
DNA is also known as...
Name the 4 DNA bases and which are com…
Watson and Crick
Repeating subunits of DNA made of sugar, phosphate, and a nit…
Double Helix or Deoxyribonucleic Acid
A-T & C-G
Who discovered the structure of DNA?
Watson and Crick
What is a nucleotide? Draw and label a…
Repeating subunits of DNA made of sugar, phosphate, and a nit…
28 terms
Biology - Chapter 10 Study Guide
What issues might a large cell have?
mitosis
cytokinesis
cancer
a cell may becomes so large that there is too much demand on…
the division of the cell nucleus
the division of cytoplasm
a disorder where cells lose the ability to control cell growt…
What issues might a large cell have?
a cell may becomes so large that there is too much demand on…
mitosis
the division of the cell nucleus
21 terms
Biology-Chapter 10 Study Guide
As a cell becomes larger, its volume i…
Compared to small cells, large cells h…
The process by which a cell divides in…
An advantage of sexual reproduction ov…
faster
moving needed materials in and waste products out
cell division
It provides genetic diversity.... If the environment changes, so…
As a cell becomes larger, its volume i…
faster
Compared to small cells, large cells h…
moving needed materials in and waste products out
8 terms
Biology chapter 10 study guide
What is mitosis?
what do large cells have trouble doing?
what is cell division?
what happens when a cell divides?
a type of cell division that results in two daughter cells ea…
they have problems functioning properly
he division of a cell into two daughter cells with the same g…
before it becomes too large a growing cell divides forming tw…
What is mitosis?
a type of cell division that results in two daughter cells ea…
what do large cells have trouble doing?
they have problems functioning properly
Biology Chapter 10 (Study Guide)
As a cell becomes larger, what increas…
When during the cell cycle are chromos…
What happens in each of these 4 phases…
When during the cell cycle is a cell's…
The volume increases faster than its surface area
Only during the M phase
G1 phase: cell growth ... G2 phase: preparation for mitosis... S ph…
S phase
As a cell becomes larger, what increas…
The volume increases faster than its surface area
When during the cell cycle are chromos…
Only during the M phase
21 terms
Chapter 10 Biology Study Guide
Compare the surface area to volume rat…
Why must a cell divide?
When a cell divides into two daughter…
What advantage do sexually producing o…
Volume increases at a greater rate then its surface area.
To grow in number to replace the ones that are dead or not fu…
Cell Division
Genetic Variation
Compare the surface area to volume rat…
Volume increases at a greater rate then its surface area.
Why must a cell divide?
To grow in number to replace the ones that are dead or not fu…
31 terms
Biology Chapter 10 Study Guide
photoautotroph
heterotroph
decomposer
water and light energy
an organism that uses light energy to drive the synthesis of…
an organism that obtains organic food molecules by eating oth…
an organism that absorbs nutrients from nonliving organic mat…
what are the reactants of light rxns?
photoautotroph
an organism that uses light energy to drive the synthesis of…
heterotroph
an organism that obtains organic food molecules by eating oth…
31 terms
Biology Chapter 10 Study Guide
photoautotroph
heterotroph
decomposer
water and light energy
an organism that uses light energy to drive the synthesis of…
an organism that obtains organic food molecules by eating oth…
an organism that absorbs nutrients from nonliving organic mat…
what are the reactants of light rxns?
photoautotroph
an organism that uses light energy to drive the synthesis of…
heterotroph
an organism that obtains organic food molecules by eating oth…
Biology ~ Chapter 10 ~ Study Guide
Genetics
Heredity
Monohybrid cross
Genes
What is the study of heredity?
What is the transmission of traits from parents to offspring?
What is the cross of parents that concentrates only on one tr…
What do we call the factors that Mendel studied in pea plants?
Genetics
What is the study of heredity?
Heredity
What is the transmission of traits from parents to offspring?
15 terms
Biology Study Guide Chapter 10
It has the instructions to make a gene…
Deoxyribose sugar with a phosphate gro…
DNA contains C, O, H, P (carbon, oxyge…
The backbone is a sugar-phosphate chai…
What is the main role of DNA?
What is the structure of DNA?
What does DNA contain?
What is the backbone of DNA?
It has the instructions to make a gene…
What is the main role of DNA?
Deoxyribose sugar with a phosphate gro…
What is the structure of DNA?
32 terms
Biology Chapter 10 Study Guide
In prophase 1 of meiosis 1 homologous…
in metaphase 1 of meiosis 1 pairs of h…
in prophase 1 of meiosis 1 what forms?
in anaphase 1 of meiosis 1 homologous…
condense, pair up
line up
the spindle fibers
seperate
In prophase 1 of meiosis 1 homologous…
condense, pair up
in metaphase 1 of meiosis 1 pairs of h…
line up
42 terms
Biology, chapter 10 study guide
evolution
Linnaeus, Buffon, Darwin, Lamarck
species
catastrophism, gradualism, uniformitar…
process of biological change where descendants differ from th…
four "pre-Darwinian" scientists who laid the foundations for…
group of organisms
three theories of geologic change
evolution
process of biological change where descendants differ from th…
Linnaeus, Buffon, Darwin, Lamarck
four "pre-Darwinian" scientists who laid the foundations for…
48 terms
Biology--Chapter 10 study guide
Nucleotides
ATCG
Sugar-phosphate...
Both polymers of nucleotides (sugar, p…
the monomers of nucleic acids
the four bases taht make up the nucleotides of DNA
What is the backbone of DNA made up of?
What are the 2 similarities between DNA and RNA?
Nucleotides
the monomers of nucleic acids
ATCG
the four bases taht make up the nucleotides of DNA
33 terms
CP BIOLOGY: Chapter 10 Study Guide
Copy and Separate (condense)
interphase
Mitosis
Prophase
What two things does a cell need to do to its DNA?
When does the DNA split in the cycle?
When does DNA copy itself?
- CHROMATIN CONDENSES INTO CHROMOSOMES ... -Centrioles move to o…
Copy and Separate (condense)
What two things does a cell need to do to its DNA?
interphase
When does the DNA split in the cycle?
55 terms
Biology chapter 10 study guide
Heredity
Traits
Genetics
Pollination
The passing on of characteristics from parent to offspring
Characteristics that are inherited
The branch of biology that studies heredity
The transfer of pollen grains from a male reproductive organ…
Heredity
The passing on of characteristics from parent to offspring
Traits
Characteristics that are inherited
70 terms
Biology chapter 10 study guide
Cell division
Asexual reproduction
Sexual reproduction
Chromosome
Process in which a cell divides into two new daughter cells.
Process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
Type of reproduction in which cells from two parents unite to…
Threadlike structure within the nucleus that contains genetic…
Cell division
Process in which a cell divides into two new daughter cells.
Asexual reproduction
Process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
37 terms
Biology: Chapter 10 Study Guide
cell division
mitosis
cytokinesis
chromatid
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
part of eukaryotic cell division during which the cell nucleu…
division of the cytoplasm during cell division
one of two identical "sister" parts of a duplicated chromosome
cell division
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
mitosis
part of eukaryotic cell division during which the cell nucleu…
30 terms
Biology Chapter 10 study guide
Why would a cell limit its size?
How does a cell limit it's size?
Explain the surface area to volume rat…
Before the cell divides, the cell make…
- the bigger the cell gets, the more pressure it puts on the…
Before a cell gets to be too big, it splits and forms 2 daugh…
a. A smaller cell has a larger surface area to volume ratio a…
DNA
Why would a cell limit its size?
- the bigger the cell gets, the more pressure it puts on the…
How does a cell limit it's size?
Before a cell gets to be too big, it splits and forms 2 daugh…
10 terms
Biology Chapter 10 Study Guide
Ecology
Ecosystem
Niche
Habitat
study of how living things interact with each other and with…
unit of nature and the focus of study in ecology
refers to the role of a species in its ecosystem. It includes…
physical environment in which a species lives and to which it…
Ecology
study of how living things interact with each other and with…
Ecosystem
unit of nature and the focus of study in ecology
48 terms
Chapter 10 Study Guide Biology
Cells undergo cell division to
In eukaryotic cells, cell division is…
The larger a cell becomes
Asexual reproduction
produce new cells
the cell cycle
the more demands the cell places on its DNA and the cell also…
is the production of genetically identical offspring from a s…
Cells undergo cell division to
produce new cells
In eukaryotic cells, cell division is…
the cell cycle
14 terms
Biology Study Guide Chapter 10
during which cycle is the cell's DNA r…
which three phases does interphase con…
during which phase of mitosis do the c…
give all the phases of the cell cycle.
S phase
G1, S, G2
metaphase
G1, S, G2, M phase (mitosis, prophase, metaphase, anaphase, t…
during which cycle is the cell's DNA r…
S phase
which three phases does interphase con…
G1, S, G2
19 terms
Biology Chapter 10 Study guide
Gene
Homologous Chromosome
Gamete
Haploid
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
Pair of chromosomes that are the same size, same appearance a…
Sex cell
(genetics) an organism or cell having only one complete set o…
Gene
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
Homologous Chromosome
Pair of chromosomes that are the same size, same appearance a…
13 terms
Biology chapter 10 study guide
Cell division
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
chromatid
细胞分裂
有丝分裂
胞质分裂
染色单体
Cell division
细胞分裂
Mitosis
有丝分裂
42 terms
Biology study guide chapter 10
cell specialization
tissue
organ
organ system
when a newly divided cell changes shape and structure so it c…
the material that animals and plants are made of consisting o…
a collection of tissue joined together to serve a common func…
a group of organs that work together to complete certain tasks
cell specialization
when a newly divided cell changes shape and structure so it c…
tissue
the material that animals and plants are made of consisting o…
Chapter 10 Study Guide Biology
Cell division
Asexual Reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
Chromosomes
The process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
The production of genetically identical offspring from a sing…
Offspring are produced by the fusion of special reproductive…
Packages of DNA that genetic information that is bundled into
Cell division
The process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
Asexual Reproduction
The production of genetically identical offspring from a sing…
69 terms
Biology Chapter 10 Study Guide
stomatic cells
gametes
2, 23
homologous
what are formed through mitosis
what are formed through meiosis
you have ___ sets of ____ chromosomes
the 23 sets/pairs of chromosomes are called ______ chromosomes
stomatic cells
what are formed through mitosis
gametes
what are formed through meiosis
20 terms
chapter 10 study guide biology
linneaus
Buffon
E. Darwin
Lamarck
deceliped a classifucation system for all types of organisms…
challenged many accepted ideas. proposed species shared ances…
proposed all living things were descended from a common ances…
proposed all organisms evolved toward perfection and complexi…
linneaus
deceliped a classifucation system for all types of organisms…
Buffon
challenged many accepted ideas. proposed species shared ances…
9 terms
Chapter 10 - Biology Study Guide
cell divison
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
chromosome
process in which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
the process of reproduction involving a single parent that re…
type of reproduction in which cells from two parents unite to…
threadlike structure within the nucleus that contains genetic…
cell divison
process in which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
asexual reproduction
the process of reproduction involving a single parent that re…
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