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Study sets matching "study guide chapter 10 physical science"

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Study sets matching "study guide chapter 10 physical science"

21 terms
Physical Science Chapter 10 Study Guide
Heat
Absolute Zero
Thermal Conductor
Radiation
the energy transferred between objects that are at different…
the temperature at which molecular energy is at a minimum (0…
a material through which energy can be transferred as heat
the transfer of energy as electromagnetic waves
Heat
the energy transferred between objects that are at different…
Absolute Zero
the temperature at which molecular energy is at a minimum (0…
37 terms
Physical Science CPO Chapter 10 and 11 study guide
Matter
Atom
Pure substance
Mixture
Anything that has mass and volume and takes up space
(physics and chemistry) the smallest component of an element…
a sample of matter, either a single element or a single compo…
(chemistry) a substance consisting of two or more substances…
Matter
Anything that has mass and volume and takes up space
Atom
(physics and chemistry) the smallest component of an element…
9 terms
Chapter 10 Physical Science
acceleration
average speed
inertia
instantaneous speed
equals the change in velocity divided by the time for the cha…
equals the total distance traveled divided by the total time…
tendency of an object to resist a change in its motion.
the speed of an object at one instant of time.
acceleration
equals the change in velocity divided by the time for the cha…
average speed
equals the total distance traveled divided by the total time…
39 terms
Chapter 10 Physical Science Study Guide
Solid
Plasma
gas
liquid
Matter that has a definite volume and a definite shape is a _…
A gas-like mixture with no definite volume or shape that is m…
Matter with no definite volume and no definite shape is a ___…
Matter that has a definite volume but no definite shape is a…
Solid
Matter that has a definite volume and a definite shape is a _…
Plasma
A gas-like mixture with no definite volume or shape that is m…
25 terms
Physical Science Chapter 10
Chemical Symbol
Nucleus
electron
proton
A single capital letter or a capital letter followed by a sma…
The positively charged center of an atom
negatively charged particles that surround the nucleus
positively charged particles that are found in the nucleus
Chemical Symbol
A single capital letter or a capital letter followed by a sma…
Nucleus
The positively charged center of an atom
31 terms
glancy chapter 10 physical science study guide
zero
direction is in velocity but not speed
direction
m/s squared
what is the speed of an object at rest?
what factor is the difference between speed and velocity?
you can't have velocity without ________
SI unit for acceleration
zero
what is the speed of an object at rest?
direction is in velocity but not speed
what factor is the difference between speed and velocity?
33 terms
Physical Science Chapter 10
force
newton
net force
unbalanced forces
a push or pull
the SI unit for the magnitude of a force
the combination of all forces acting on an object
forces that cause an object's velocity to change
force
a push or pull
newton
the SI unit for the magnitude of a force
Physical Science Chapter 10 Vocabulary
speed -
average speed -
instantaneous speed -
velocity -
equals the distance traveled divided by the time it takes to…
equals the total distance divided by the total time to travel…
the speed of an object at one instance of time.
the speed of an object and the direction of the motion.
speed -
equals the distance traveled divided by the time it takes to…
average speed -
equals the total distance divided by the total time to travel…
11 terms
Physical Science Chapter 10 study guide
Nuclear Radiation
Radioactivity
Alpha Particle
Beta Particle
The energy and particles released from an unstable isotope, a…
The process by which an unstable nucleus releases one or more…
Positive, Mass of 4, helium nucleus, almost no penetrating po…
Negative, High speed electron, very little mass, some penetra…
Nuclear Radiation
The energy and particles released from an unstable isotope, a…
Radioactivity
The process by which an unstable nucleus releases one or more…
38 terms
Physical Science Chapter 10
static electricity
electrostatic force
law of charges
coulomb
An accumulation of electric charge on an insulated body.
The force between electrically charged objects (like charges…
The law that states that like charges repel and opposite char…
6. x 10 24( 24 is above the 10) electrons
static electricity
An accumulation of electric charge on an insulated body.
electrostatic force
The force between electrically charged objects (like charges…
16 terms
Physical Science - Chapter 10
temperature
thermal expansion
absolute zero
heat
the degree or intensity of heat present in a substance or obj…
the tendency of matter to change in shape, area, and volume i…
the process by which heat or electricity is directly transmit…
the quality of being hot; high temperature
temperature
the degree or intensity of heat present in a substance or obj…
thermal expansion
the tendency of matter to change in shape, area, and volume i…
29 terms
physical science chapter 10 study guide
what kind of charge dose alpha particl…
During fission some of what is convert…
radioactive materials have unstable....
fusion produces what kind of nuclei
positive
nuclear mass
nuclei
larger
what kind of charge dose alpha particl…
positive
During fission some of what is convert…
nuclear mass
Chapter 10 physical science study guide
the smallest particle of an element th…
a temperature scale in which water fre…
a phase of matter that flows, does not…
a substance that contains two or more…
atom
celsius
gas
compound
the smallest particle of an element th…
atom
a temperature scale in which water fre…
celsius
Physical Science Chapter 10
force
newton
net force
unbalanced forces
a push or pull
the SI unit for the magnitude of a force
the combination of all forces acting on an object
forces that cause an object's velocity to change
force
a push or pull
newton
the SI unit for the magnitude of a force
20 terms
Chapter 10 study guide- physical science
physical properties
Chemical properties
difference between chemical and physic…
brittleness
properties that can be observed directly
can only be observed when a substance is changed into another…
Chemical: changes to another substance completely - example m…
The tendency to crack or break
physical properties
properties that can be observed directly
Chemical properties
can only be observed when a substance is changed into another…
22 terms
Chapter 10 Physical Science
Force
Newton
Net Force
Unbalanced Forces
A push or pull exerted on an object
A unit of measure that equals the force required to accelerat…
The overall force on an object when all the individual forces…
Equal forces acting on an object in opposite directions
Force
A push or pull exerted on an object
Newton
A unit of measure that equals the force required to accelerat…
30 terms
Prentice Hall Physical Science: Chapter 10 Study Guide
Force
Newton
Net Force
Unbalanced Forces
A push or pull exerted on an object
A unit of measure that equals the force required to accelerat…
The combination of all forces acting on an object
Forces that produce a nonzero net force, which changes an obj…
Force
A push or pull exerted on an object
Newton
A unit of measure that equals the force required to accelerat…
18 terms
Integrated physical science study guide chapter 10
Substance
Mixture
Hetero genius mixture
Homogeneous mixture
Matter that is always made up of the same combination of atoms
Two or more substances that are physically blended but are no…
A mixture in which substances are not evenly mixed
A mixture in which two or more substances are evenly mixed on…
Substance
Matter that is always made up of the same combination of atoms
Mixture
Two or more substances that are physically blended but are no…
Physical Science Chapter 10 Study Guide
Transverse Wave
Compressional Wave
Wavelength
Amplitude
Wave for which the matter in the medium moves back and forth…
A wave for which the matter in the medium moves back and fort…
Distance between one point on a wave and the nearest point ju…
A measure of the energy carried by a wave.
Transverse Wave
Wave for which the matter in the medium moves back and forth…
Compressional Wave
A wave for which the matter in the medium moves back and fort…
56 terms
Chem(Physical Science chapter 10) Study Guide
During __ ___ the unstable nuclei of a…
four types of nuclear radiation
___ ___ are positively charged and mor…
beta particle's symbol is ____ and the…
Radioactive Decay
alpha, beta, gamma, neutron
alpha particles
-1e, -1
During __ ___ the unstable nuclei of a…
Radioactive Decay
four types of nuclear radiation
alpha, beta, gamma, neutron
22 terms
Chapter 10 Physical Science
force
newton
net force
unbalanced forces
A push or pull exerted on an object.
A unit of measure that equals the force required to accelerat…
The overall force on an object when all the individual forces…
Forces that produce a nonzero net force, which changes an obj…
force
A push or pull exerted on an object.
newton
A unit of measure that equals the force required to accelerat…
26 terms
Physical Science Chapter 10
What is a force?
What are the units for force?
What is the net force when forces acti…
What does an unbalanced force cause?
A push or pull (p.374)
A Newton (p.375)
The net force would be zero (p.375)
It causes an object's motion to change (p.376)
What is a force?
A push or pull (p.374)
What are the units for force?
A Newton (p.375)
37 terms
Physical Science Study Guide Chapter 10
atomic number
atomic mass
electron cloud
quark
number of protons in an element
mass of a single atom of the element
region of space around the nucleus where there is a high prob…
a fundamental particle that makes up protons and neutrons
atomic number
number of protons in an element
atomic mass
mass of a single atom of the element
22 terms
Physical Science Chapter 10 Study Guide
Constant Speed
Average Speed
Instantaneous Speed
Acceleration
When an object covers equal distance in an equal amount of time
Distance divided by time
Actual speed at a given moment in time
Rate at which velocity changes over time
Constant Speed
When an object covers equal distance in an equal amount of time
Average Speed
Distance divided by time
31 terms
Chapter 10 Physical Science study guide
Speed
Velocity
Momentum
Acceleration
The distance traveled by an object divided by the time interv…
The speed of an object in a particular direction
Quantity defined as the product of the mass and velocity of a…
The rate at which velocity changes over time
Speed
The distance traveled by an object divided by the time interv…
Velocity
The speed of an object in a particular direction
Physical Science Chapter 10 Electricity
electrostatic force
law of charges
static electricity
coulomb (C)
the field force exerted by electrical charges; it may be repu…
law stating that like electrical charges repel and unlike cha…
all electrical phenomena relating to stationary electrical ch…
the SI derived unit of electrical charge; equivalent to 1 amp…
electrostatic force
the field force exerted by electrical charges; it may be repu…
law of charges
law stating that like electrical charges repel and unlike cha…
23 terms
Prentice Hall Physical Science: Chapter 10 Study Guide
Force
Newton
Net Force
Unbalanced Forces
A push or pull exerted on an object
A unit of measure that equals the force required to accelerat…
The combination of all forces acting on an object
Forces that produce a nonzero net force, which changes an obj…
Force
A push or pull exerted on an object
Newton
A unit of measure that equals the force required to accelerat…
32 terms
Physical Science Chapter 10
Angle of Reflection
Normal
Compressional Wave
Refraction
The angle formed by the reflected beam and an imaginary line…
imaginary line drawn perpendicular to the barrier
matter in the medium moves back and forth along the same dire…
bending of a wave caused by a change in its speed as it moves…
Angle of Reflection
The angle formed by the reflected beam and an imaginary line…
Normal
imaginary line drawn perpendicular to the barrier
28 terms
Physical Science Chapter 10
Vibrate
Sound wave
Intensity
Decibel
To move rapidly back and forth
A wave produced by vibrations
The strength of a sound
A unit that measure the intensity of sound
Vibrate
To move rapidly back and forth
Sound wave
A wave produced by vibrations
31 terms
Chapter 10 Physical Science
Electrostatic Force
Gravity field force
1600s
Law of charges
Forces between electrical charges
Field force that is weaker than electrostatic force
When electrical charges were first investigated
like charges repel; unlike charges attract
Electrostatic Force
Forces between electrical charges
Gravity field force
Field force that is weaker than electrostatic force
18 terms
Physical Science Chapter 10 Vocab
chemical symbol
nucleus
electrons
proton
the abbreviated way to write the name of an element
the positively charged center of an atom
negatively charged particles surrounding the nucleus
atomic particle with a positive charge that is part of an ato…
chemical symbol
the abbreviated way to write the name of an element
nucleus
the positively charged center of an atom
16 terms
Physical Science- Chapter 10 Study Guide
What determined the speed of a wave
When objects vibrate at their natural…
In a ___________ wave, the medium and…
What happens to a wave when it changes…
The medium it is traveling through
Resonance
Compressional, transverse
It changes speed, which makes it change direction
What determined the speed of a wave
The medium it is traveling through
When objects vibrate at their natural…
Resonance
Physical Science Chapter 10 Vocabulary
eardrum
cochlea
intensity
loudness
a tough membrane about 0.1 mm thick that transmits sound thro…
a spiral-shaped structure that is filled with liquid and cont…
the amount of energy that passes through a certain area in a…
the human perception of sound volume and primarily depnds on…
eardrum
a tough membrane about 0.1 mm thick that transmits sound thro…
cochlea
a spiral-shaped structure that is filled with liquid and cont…
38 terms
Physical Science Chapter 10
What is a temperature?
Common thermometers rely on what?
What is a thermometer?
Liquid thermometers can measure only w…
a measure of the average kinetic energy of all the particles…
expansion
a device the measures temperature
temperatures at a certain range
What is a temperature?
a measure of the average kinetic energy of all the particles…
Common thermometers rely on what?
expansion
47 terms
Honors Physical Science Chapter 10 Study Guide
What is an element?
What is an atom?
What is a compound?
What is a molecule?
a pure substance that cannot be broken down not simpler subst…
the smallest particle of an element
a substance that contains two or more elements that are chemi…
a group of two or more atoms joined together by chemical bonds
What is an element?
a pure substance that cannot be broken down not simpler subst…
What is an atom?
the smallest particle of an element
40 terms
BJU Physical Science Chapter 10
Static Electricity
Electrostatic Force
Law of Charges
coulomb(C)
caused by stationary electrical charges
Field force exerted by electrical charge
Like charges repel: unlike charges attract
SI unit for electrical charge 6.24x10^18
Static Electricity
caused by stationary electrical charges
Electrostatic Force
Field force exerted by electrical charge
25 terms
Physical Science Chapter 10
What is a force?
What are the units for force?
What is the net force when forces acti…
What does an unbalanced force cause?
A push or pull (p.374)
A Newton (p.375)
The net force would be zero (p.375)
It causes an object's motion to change (p.376)
What is a force?
A push or pull (p.374)
What are the units for force?
A Newton (p.375)
23 terms
Physical Science Study Guide for Chapter 10
What is the electromagnetic spectrum?
How fast do EM waves travel?
what is a virtual image?
what is the speed of light a measure of?
the range of wavelengths or frequencies over which electromag…
3.0 times 10 to the eighth meters per second
appears to be a certain distance from the plane of a reflecti…
distance
What is the electromagnetic spectrum?
the range of wavelengths or frequencies over which electromag…
How fast do EM waves travel?
3.0 times 10 to the eighth meters per second
22 terms
Foundations of Physical Science Chapter 10
Element
Atom
Compound
Molecule
a pure substance that cannot be broken down into simpler subs…
the smallest particle of an element that retains the chemical…
a substance that contains two or more different elements chem…
a group of two or more atoms joined together by chemical bonds.
Element
a pure substance that cannot be broken down into simpler subs…
Atom
the smallest particle of an element that retains the chemical…
9 terms
Physical Science Chapter 10 Vocabulary
Motion
Displacement
Speed
Velocity
An object's change in position relative to a reference point.
Distance and direction of an object's change in position from…
Distance/time
Speed in a given direction
Motion
An object's change in position relative to a reference point.
Displacement
Distance and direction of an object's change in position from…
20 terms
Physical Science/Forces/Chapter 10
force
newton
net force
unbalanced forces
A push or pull exerted on an object.
the SI unit of force
the combination of all forces acting on an object
the forces acting on a object that cause a change in velocity…
force
A push or pull exerted on an object.
newton
the SI unit of force
28 terms
Physical Science - Chapter 10
Vibrate
Sound Wave
Intensity
Decibel
Move rapidly back and forth
Wave produced by vibrations
Strength of a sound
Unit that measures the intensity of sound
Vibrate
Move rapidly back and forth
Sound Wave
Wave produced by vibrations
Physical Science Chapter 10
Force
Newton
Net Force
Unbalanced Forces
A push or pull exerted on an object
A unit of measure that equals the force required to accelerat…
The overall force on an object when all the individual forces…
Forces that produce a nonzero net force, which changes an obj…
Force
A push or pull exerted on an object
Newton
A unit of measure that equals the force required to accelerat…
9 terms
Physical Science Chapter 10 Terms
Motion
Displacement
Speed
Velocity
An objects change in position relative to a reference point.
The change in position of and object.
The distance traveled divided by the time interval durring wh…
The speed of an object in a particular direction.
Motion
An objects change in position relative to a reference point.
Displacement
The change in position of and object.
28 terms
Chapter 10 Physical Science
Speed... -The car was traveling at 50mph.
Average speed... -The average speed of th…
Instantaneous speed... -The instantaneous…
Velocity... -The car had a velocity.
equals the distance traveled divided by the time it takes to…
equals the total distance traveled divided by the total time…
the speed of an object at one instant of time
speed and direction of a moving abject
Speed... -The car was traveling at 50mph.
equals the distance traveled divided by the time it takes to…
Average speed... -The average speed of th…
equals the total distance traveled divided by the total time…
33 terms
BJU Physical Science Chapter 10
Static Electricity
Electrostatic Force
Law of Charges
coulomb(C)
caused by stationary electrical charges
Field force exerted by electrical charges
Like charges repel: unlike charges attract
SI unit for electrical charge
Static Electricity
caused by stationary electrical charges
Electrostatic Force
Field force exerted by electrical charges
22 terms
Chapter 10 physical science
force
newton
net force
unbalenced forces
A push or a pull
A unit of measure that equals the force required to accelerat…
The overall force on an object when all the individual forces…
Forces that produce a nozero net force, which changs an objec…
force
A push or a pull
newton
A unit of measure that equals the force required to accelerat…
10 terms
Physical Science Chapter 10 Vocabulary
Fossil fuels
Biomass
Geothermal electricity
Hydroelectricity
A nonrenewable energy source, such as crude oil, natural gas…
Plant materials and animal waste used especially as a source…
energy from the heat in earth's crust
Power generated by moving water.
Fossil fuels
A nonrenewable energy source, such as crude oil, natural gas…
Biomass
Plant materials and animal waste used especially as a source…
69 terms
physical science chapter 10
aristotle
galileo galilei
sir isaac newton
classical physics
the dominating scientist known for his teachings for almost 2…
who viewed the universe the wold and living things as the spe…
perhaps the greatest genius of modern science, he formed the…
branch of physics that includes mechanics, thermodynamics, op…
aristotle
the dominating scientist known for his teachings for almost 2…
galileo galilei
who viewed the universe the wold and living things as the spe…
17 terms
Physical Science Chapter 10
Amplitude
Compressional Wave
Transverse Wave
Diffraction
A measure of the energy carried by a wave
A wave for which the matter in the medium moves back and fort…
Wave for which the matter in the medium moves back and forth…
The bending of waves around an obstacle; can also occur when…
Amplitude
A measure of the energy carried by a wave
Compressional Wave
A wave for which the matter in the medium moves back and fort…
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